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Abstract

Background: It has been shown that wildlife can serve as natural reservoirs of hepatitis E virus (HEV). The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is probably the main natural reservoir of HEV and could therefore represent an important route of transmission in Europe, especially in regions where game meat is...

Author(s)
Rivero-Juarez, A.; Risalde, M. A.; Frias, M.; García-Bocanegra, I.; Lopez-Lopez, P.; Cano-Terriza, D.; Camacho, A.; Jimenez-Ruiz, S.; Gomez-Villamandos, J. C.; Rivero, A.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2018, 14, 54, pp (27 February 2018)
Abstract

Historically in developed countries, reported hepatitis E cases were typically travellers returning from countries where hepatitis E virus (HEV) is endemic, but now there are increasing numbers of non-travel-related ("autochthonous") cases being reported. Data for HEV in New Zealand remain limited...

Author(s)
King, N. J.; Hewitt, J.; Perchec-Merien, A. M.
Publisher
Springer, New York, USA
Citation
Food and Environmental Virology, 2018, 10, 3, pp 225-252
Abstract

The complete and near-complete genome sequences (7206 nt and 7229 nt) of two wild boar HEV strains detected in Southern Italy were obtained by the next generation sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis and p distance comparisons of one of the strains with HEV-3 reference subtype strains confirmed the...

Author(s)
Sabato, L. de; Vaccari, G.; Lemey, P.; Amoroso, M. G.; Fusco, G.; Ianiro, G.; Bartolo, I. di
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands
Citation
Virus Genes, 2018, 54, 6, pp 812-817
Abstract

The origin of hepatitis E virus (HEV) is not fully understood, but it is considered an emerging zoonotic pathogen. To date, HEV has been isolated from many animal species. The family Hepeviridae consists of two genera. The genus Orthohepevirus includes four distinct species (A, B, C, and D), each...

Author(s)
Syed, S. F.; Zhao Qin; Muhammad Umer; Alagawany, M.; Ujjan, I. A.; Feroza Soomro; Nasrullah Bangulzai; Baloch, A. H.; El-Hack, M. A.; Zhou EnMin; Arain, M. A.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018, 119, pp 103-108
Abstract

Objectives: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. However, our understanding of the source of contamination is incomplete and the frequency of neurological manifestations in still unknown. Methods: 200 eligible cases reported to the French National Reference Center...

Author(s)
Abravanel, F.; Pique, J.; Couturier, E.; Nicot, F.; Dimeglio, C.; Lhomme, S.; Chiabrando, J.; Saune, K.; Péron, J. M.; Kamar, N.; Evrard, S.; Valk, H. de; Cintas, P.; Izopet, J.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Infection, 2018, 77, 3, pp 220-226
Abstract

Recently, infectious HEV particles were discovered in milk and fecal samples of dairy cows in China. Given the recent increase of autochthonous HEV infections in Europe, we wanted to assess whether cows constitute an HEV reservoir in this region and hence may be responsible for the advance of HEV...

Author(s)
Vercouter, A. S.; Sayed, I. M.; Lipkens, Z.; Bleecker, K. de; Vliegher, S. de; Colman, R.; Koppelman, M.; Supré, K.; Meuleman, P.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2018, 281, pp 54-59
Abstract

Fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) are the basis for water quality regulations and are considered proxies for waterborne pathogens when conducting human health risk assessments. The direct detection of pathogens in water and simultaneous identification of the source of fecal contamination are possible...

Author(s)
Weidhaas, J.; Anderson, A.; Jamal, R.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2018, 84, 6, pp e02510-17
Abstract

Background: Evidence has shown that Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is autochthonous in industrialized countries due to zoonotic transmission through direct contact or consumption of raw or undercooked meat from domestic swine or wild boar. As there is lack of data on seroprevalence of HEV in...

Author(s)
Nascimento, M. S. J.; Pereira, S. S.; Teixeira, J.; Abreu-Silva, J.; Oliveira, R. M. S.; Myrmel, M.; Stene-Johansen, K.; Øverbø, J.; Gonçalves, G.; Mesquita, J. R.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK
Citation
European Journal of Public Health, 2018, 28, 4, pp 720-724
Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV, genus Orthohepevirus) is a common cause of hepatitis worldwide. Human-infecting HEV strains (Orthohepevirus A) include human-restricted and enzootic genotypes. Viruses in the Orthohepevirus A species also infect rabbits (HEV-3ra), camels, and swine. Using a...

Author(s)
Forni, D.; Cagliani, R.; Clerici, M.; Sironi, M.
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Emerging Microbes and Infections, 2018, 7, 2, pp 11
Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a nonenveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus that has been detected in a wide variety of animals. In 2017, an avian-like HEV was identified in sparrow feces sampled from around a pig farm in the midwestern United States. Sequence analysis revealed that the...

Author(s)
Yang ChengHuai; Wang LeYi; Shen HuiGang; Zheng Ying; Gauger, P. C.; Chen Qi; Zhang JianQiang; Yoon KyoungJin; Harmon, K. M.; Main, R. G.; Li GanWu
Publisher
Springer-Wien, Wien, Austria
Citation
Archives of Virology, 2018, 163, 10, pp 2861-2864

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