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Drug Databases

The National Academy Press

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals
"The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns.
The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industries--poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease.
The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas
Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries.
Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health.
The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management."

Global Databases

IVIS Veterinary Drug Database
The International Veterinary Information Service (IVIS) (a US not-for-profit organization) has developed a global pharmacopea that can be searched by generic name, brand name (commercial name), drug category, species, country or region. The database links to relevant publications on the IVIS website. Access to the IVIS website is free, but requires on-line registration.

JECFA - "Residues of some veterinary drugs in foods and animals"
This database contains the most recent information on maximum residue levels for veterinary drugs as recommended by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). All monographs published in the FAO Food and Nutrition Papers 41 can be accessed in an electronic format. These monographs are available only in English although some parts of the database, the query page as well as the background information are provided in English, French, Spanish, Arabic and Chinese.

Country/Region Specific Information

ARGENTINA

Vademecum Veterinario Sani
Free access to information on more than 4,000 products.

AUSTRALIA

PUBCRIS - Registered Product Database
The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) is the National Registration Authority for Agriculture and Veterinary Chemicals. The Public Chemical Registration Information System (PUBCRIS) database contains details of agricultural and veterinary chemical products that are registered for use in Australia. Current data, which is updated nightly, includes the product name, registering company, active constituents and product category. PUBCRIS does not currently include information on 'Stopped' products, that is, those which may still be legally available for a limited time after lapse of registration.
APVMA also publishes and makes available on-line:
Public Release Summaries, which are produced whenever it is proposed to register a new agricultural or new veterinary product containing a new active constituent for use in food, animals or crops. Each Public Release Summary contains a brief overview of the APVMA's assessment and the specialist advice received from advising agencies.
Trade Advice Notices, where a proposed change in the use of a registered product has the potential to affect Australia's trade. It provides a summary of the APVMA’s residue and trade assessment.

BELGIUM

CBIP vet
Belgian Centre for Pharmacotherapeutic Information.

BRAZIL

Compêndio de Produtos Veterinários - SINDAN
This Compendium contains information on veterinary products available in Brazil.

CANADA

Health Canada Drug Product Database (DPD)
The DPD contains product specific information on drugs approved for use in Canada. The database is managed by Health Canada and includes human pharmaceutical and biological drugs, veterinary drugs and disinfectant products. It contains approximately 18,000 products which companies have notified Health Canada as being marketed.

Patented Medicines Prices Review Board
The Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) is an independent quasi-judicial body established by Parliament in 1987. Although the PMPRB is part of the Health Portfolio, it carries out its mandate at arms-length from the Minister of Health. It also operates independently of other bodies such as Health Canada, which approves drugs for safety and efficacy, and public drug plans, which approve the listing of drugs on their respective formularies for reimbursement purposes. The role of the PMPRB is to ensure that prices charged by patentees for patented medicines sold in Canada are not excessive; and to report on pharmaceutical trends of all medicines, and on the R&D spending by pharmaceutical patentees.

CZECH REPUBLIC

AISLP
AISLP is an information system of human medical drugs, homeopathic remedies and veterinary medicinal products registered in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

DENMARK

Danish Health and Medicines Authority - Veterinary medicines information
This website includes a complete list of veterinary medicinal products registered in Denmark, as well as guidelines and forms for authorisation of medicinal products, clinical trials, compassionate use permits and adverse reactions.

ESTONIA

Estonian State Agency of Medicines - Veterinary medicines
National Drug Regulatory Authority for Human and Veterinary Products in Estonia. Website includes market statistics on veterinary medicines.

EUROPEAN UNION

European Medicines Agency - Veterinary Medicines
The European Medicines Agency is a decentralised body of the European Union. Its main responsibility is the protection and promotion of public and animal health, through the evaluation and supervision of medicines for human and veterinary use.
The Veterinary Medicines area of the website provides access to all information produced by the European Medicines Agency relating to veterinary medicines and their regulation.

FRANCE

ANMV - L’Agence nationale du médicament vétérinaire,
French National Agency for Veterinary Medicinal Products

GREECE

VetNews - list of veterinary medicines

ICELAND

Icelandic Medicines Agency (IMA)
The Icelandic Medicines Agency is a governmental Agency under the Ministry of Health and Social Securities. From this website, the Medicinal Product Information Database can be searched.

IRELAND

Animal & Plant Health Association (APHA)
The Animal and Plant Health Association (APHA) is the representative body for manufacturers and sole distributors of animal health (veterinary medicines) and plant health (plant protection/agrochemical) products in Ireland. The APHA's Veterinary Data Sheet Compendium provides up to date, accessible information on over 730 Veterinary Medicines. The Compendium is available in hardcopy; access to the full searchable database on the website is available after purchase of the current edition of the Compendium.

Irish Medicines Board (IMB) - Veterinary Medicines Listing
A list of veterinary medicinal products (showing products authorised by the IMB).

ISRAEL

Israel Drug Registry: Veterinary
Israel Ministry of Health

ITALY

Associazione Nazionale Medici Veterinari Italiani - Palazzo Trecchi Cremona

FARMAPLANET.IT - La tua Farmacia online

KENYA

Pharmacy & Poisons Board: Registered Drugs
Drugs registered with the Kenyan Pharmacy and Poisons Board, Ministry of Health

LATVIA

State Agency of Medicines

NEW ZEALAND

New Zealand Food Safety Authority - ACVM Register
This register contains summary information on veterinary medicines, agricultural chemicals and vertebrate toxic agents.

NORWAY

Norwegian Medicines Agency (Statens legemiddelverk, NOMA)

POLAND

Serwis Informacyjny Urzędu Rejestracji Produktów Leczniczych, Wyrobów Medycznych i Produktów Biobójczych
The Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products

SLOVAKIA

AISLP
AISLP is an information system of human medical drugs, homeopathic remedies and veterinary medicinal products registered in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

SOUTH AFRICA

Index of Veterinary Specialities - Speciality Index of MIMS, a division of Johnnic Publications (South Africa)
Index of Veterinary Specialities (IVS) is published quarterly and contains brief drug disclosure information on all significant medications, stock remedies, veterinary biologicals and selected nutraceuticals and feed additives registered for use in animals in South Africa. It is made possible through the co-operation of the registration holders/suppliers who have supplied the information. All listing details published in the index are based on information supplied by the registration holders/suppliers. It is an index of information and reference and not an assessment of various preparations.

Subscription enquiries - MIMS, subscriptions Department, Private Bag X57, Saxonwold 2123, South Africa.

SOUTH AMERICA

P.R. Vademécum
Drug database covering Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.

SPAIN

The website of Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios (AEMPS) includes the following:
AEMPS: Authorized medicines in Spain (veterinary)
AEMPS: documents of veterinary interest

SWITZERLAND

IVPT Zürich: Institute of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology

Schweizerisches Heilmittelinstitut - Swissmedic

UGANDA

National Drug Authority
The mission of the National Drug Authority, established by Uganda Government Statute No. 13 of 1993, is to ensure that good quality, safe and efficacious human and veterinary medicines are available and are correctly handled in Uganda; and to contribute towards thier accessibility, cost effectiveness and appropriate use.

UK

NOAH Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines
The National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) represents the UK animal medicines industry whose aim is to provide safe, effective, quality medicines for the treatment and welfare of all animals. The datasheets in the Compendium were prepared independently by each participating company and each proof was checked and the text confirmed as correct by the participant concerned.

Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD)
An Executive Agency of Defra

URUGUAY

Vademecum.com

USA

Drugs.com - Veterinary Product Database
The Drugs.com Veterinary Product Database is an online version of the Compendium of Veterinary Products published by North American Compendiums. The database includes over 5,000 pharmaceutical, biological, diagnostic, feed medications and parasiticide product monographs categorized by species and treatment type.

Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD)
The US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), which must approve all drugs meant to be marketed for use in animals, establishes tolerances for drug residues to ensure food safety. The USFDA also establishes "withdrawal times" or "withholding periods" which are times after drug treatment when milk and eggs are not to be used for food, and during which animals are not to be slaughtered. This allows time to the animals to eliminate the drug residues.

The Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) is a repository of comprehensive residue avoidance information. FARAD is also sanctioned to provide these estimates to the United States Pharmacopeia-Drug Information (USP-DI) Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee. Since 1982 FARAD has been working with producers, extension specialists and agents, and veterinarians to help avoid and mitigate residue problems. As a cooperative multi-state program, FARAD is available nationwide in the USA to offer advice about residue avoidance.

Green Book (FDA Approved Animal Drug Book)
The Generic Animal Drug and Patent Restoration act requires that each sponsor of an approved animal drug must submit to the FDA certain information regarding patents held for the animal drug or its method of use. The Act requires that this information, as well as a list of all animal drug products approved for safety and effectiveness, be made available to the public. This list must be updated monthly under the provisions of the Act.

The list, known as the "Green Book," was first published in January 1989. Updates have been added monthly since then. Each January, the list is published in its entirety. The book is published on a non-profit basis from information in a database maintained under a cooperative agreement between the US Department of Agriculture and the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, and funded through an interagency agreement between the FDA and the USDA. The Green Book is also available online.