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Abstract

Two different endoxylanase genes of deep biosphere bacteria were cloned and overexpressed in E. coli. Overexpression resulted in 11- and 8-fold improvement in endoxylanase activity of XylSG7 and XylSG13 proteins, respectively. Purified XylSG7 and XylSG13 showed an optimal catalytic temperature of...

Author(s)
Dhiman, S. S.; David, A.; Braband, V. W.; Hussein, A.; Salem, D. R.; Sani, R. K.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Applied Energy, 2017, 208, pp 1420-1429
Abstract

Cell wall recalcitrance poses a major challenge on cellulosic biofuel production from feedstocks such as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). As lignin is a known contributor of recalcitrance, transgenic switchgrass plants with altered lignin have been produced by downregulation of caffeic acid ...

Author(s)
DeBruyn, J. M.; Bevard, D. A.; Essington, M. E.; McKnight, J. Y.; Schaeffer, S. M.; Baxter, H. L.; Mazarei, M.; Mann, D. G. J.; Dixon, R. A.; Chen Fang; Zhuo ChunLiu; Wang ZengYu; Stewart, C. N., Jr.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
GCB Bioenergy, 2017, 9, 6, pp 1100-1109
Abstract

Background: First generation bioethanol production utilizes the starch fraction of maize, which accounts for approximately 60% of the ash-free dry weight of the grain. Scale-up of this technology for fuels applications has resulted in a massive supply of distillers' grains with solubles (DGS)...

Author(s)
Liu Fang; Wu WeiHua; Tran-Gyamfi, M. B.; Jaryenneh, J. D.; Zhuang Xun; Davis, R. W.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Microbial Cell Factories, 2017, 16, 192, pp (9 November 2017)
Abstract

This review addresses the use of biochar as a green and versatile catalyst support for emerging high-end applications beyond soil remediation, including chemical synthesis and biodiesel production from biomass, and pollutant degradation in the environment. Their catalytic performances are...

Author(s)
Xiong XinNi; Yu, I. K. M.; Cao LeiChang; Tsang, D. C. W.; Zhang ShiCheng; Ok YongSik
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Bioresource Technology, 2017, 246, pp 254-270
Abstract

In this study, hybrid poplars were genetically engineered to increase their biomass volume and change their biochemical composition to improve the pyrolytic production of bio-oil. Wild-type hybrid poplars (WT) and genetically engineered hybrid poplars (TP) were comparatively investigated with...

Author(s)
Vo TheKy; Cho JinSeong; Kim SeungSoo; Ko JaeHeung; Kim JinSoo
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Energy Conversion and Management, 2017, 153, pp 48-59
Abstract

This study focuses on the bioconversion of agricultural wastes (AWs) in rural Egypt. We analyzed data derived from literature to implement a future image suiting Egypt's situation. Despite the limited information in the field of management of agricultural wastes in Egypt and the gap between formal...

Author(s)
Elfeki, M.; Elbestawy, E.; Tkadlec, E.
Publisher
HARD Publishing Company, Olsztyn 5, Poland
Citation
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 2017, 26, 6, pp 2445-2453
Abstract

Triacylglycerides (TAGs) are high energy density lipids with a $25 billion commodity at international level. Plant TAGs are produced via a series of chemical reactions catalyzed by certain enzymes including diacylglycerol acyltransferases (DGATs) and phospholipid diacylglycerol acyltransferases...

Author(s)
Alameldin, H.; Izadi-Darbandi, A.; Smith, S. A.; Balan, V.; Jones, A. D.; Sticklen, M.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Industrial Crops and Products, 2017, 108, pp 526-534
Abstract

There is an increasing need for renewable fuels and chemicals from sustainable feedstocks to decrease the negative global impacts caused by the rampant use of fossil fuels. Juice from industrial sugar beets is a sucrose-rich substrate with potential as a biofuel and chemical feedstock. In this...

Author(s)
Isaac, I. C.; Wootton, S. A.; Johnson, T. J.; Baldwin, E. L.; Gu LiPing; Karki, B.; Williams, A. N.; Halfmann, C.; Zhu HuiLan; Vargas-Ramirez, J. M.; Zhou RuanBao; Wiesenborn, D. P.; Gibbons, W. R.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Industrial Crops and Products, 2017, 108, pp 248-256
Abstract

Genetic modification of plant cell walls has been posed to reduce lignocellulose recalcitrance for enhancing biomass saccharification. Since cellulose synthase (CESA) gene was first identified, several dozen CESA mutants have been reported, but almost all mutants exhibit the defective phenotypes in ...

Author(s)
Li FengCheng; Xie GuoSheng; Huang JiangFeng; Zhang Ran; Li Yu; Zhang MiaoMiao; Wang YanTing; Li Ao; Li XuKai; Xia Tao; Qu ChengCheng; Hu Fan; Ragauskas, A. J.; Peng LiangCai
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Plant Biotechnology Journal, 2017, 15, 9, pp 1093-1104
Abstract

Grasses represent an abundant and widespread source of lignocellulosic biomass, which has yet to fulfil its potential as a feedstock for biorefining into renewable and sustainable biofuels and commodity chemicals. The inherent recalcitrance of lignocellulosic materials to deconstruction is the most ...

Author(s)
Rakesh Bhatia; Gallagher, J. A.; Gomez, L. D.; Bosch, M.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Plant Biotechnology Journal, 2017, 15, 9, pp 1071-1092

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