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Abstract

This paper provides examples of crops derived from three modern genetic approaches to plant breeding: genetic engineering, which allows the introduction of genes from one species into another; marker-assisted breeding, which facilitates precision breeding using molecular techniques; and genome...

Author(s)
Ronald, P. C.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Geographical Review, 2017, 107, 4, pp 559-566
Abstract

Five papers are presented providing some key insights into why people can disagree about the ultimate value and role of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in modern agriculture. A paper explains that genetic modification of crops has been taking place over the span of human history and describes ...

Author(s)
Kaplan, D. H.; Winklerprins, A. M. G. A.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Geographical Review, 2017, 107, 4, pp 557-591
AbstractFull Text

Weed control in the cultivation of cotton is critical to the yield and quality of production. The influence of economically important weeds was studied. Chemical control is the most effective method of weed control in cotton but much of the information on it relates to primary weed infestation....

Author(s)
Barakova, T.; Delchev, G.
Publisher
Faculty of Agriculture, Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
Citation
Agricultural Science and Technology, 2017, 9, 3, pp 179-184
Abstract

Shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris [L.] Medik.) is a troublesome dicot weed that occurs in major wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production areas in China. Tribenuron-methyl failed to control shepherd's purse in some fields in Runan County, Henan Province. This study aimed to establish the...

Author(s)
Zhang LeLe; Li Wei; Guo WenLei; Wu CuiXia; Wang HengZhi; Liu WeiTang; Wang JinXin
Publisher
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillán, Chile
Citation
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 2017, 77, 1, pp 65-70
Abstract

Glyphosate is the herbicide most used worldwide. In cropping systems that rely on repeated applications of glyphosate or cultivate genetically modified soyabean crop, there are numerous cases of glyphosate resistant weeds, including Conyza bonariensis. Differences among competitive ability of ...

Author(s)
Kaspary, T. E.; Lamego, F. P.; Cutti, L.; Aguiar, A. C. de M.; Rigon, C. A. G.; Basso, C. J.
Publisher
Instituto Agronômico do Estado de São Paulo, Campinas, Brazil
Citation
Bragantia, 2017, 76, 1, pp 92-101
Abstract

Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS), also called acetolactate synthase, is a key enzyme involved in the first step of the biosynthesis of the branched-chain amino acids valine, isoleucine and leucine. Acetohydroxyacid synthase-inhibiting herbicides (AHAS herbicides) are five chemical families of...

Author(s)
Hu MaoLong; Pu HuiMing; Gao JianQin; Long WeiHua; Chen Feng; Zhang Wei; Zhou XiaoYin; Peng Qi; Chen Song; Zhang JieFu
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 9, pp e0184917
Abstract

In Mexico, the Center of origin and diversity of maize, a daily per capita average of 0.5 kg of maize-based foods are consumed. Approximately 10 million tons of maize is produced in small peasant holdings. Nevertheless, a greater proportion of industrially produced maize-derived products have...

Author(s)
González-Ortega, E.; Piñeyro-Nelson, A.; Gómez-Hernández, E.; Monterrubio-Vázquez, E.; Arleo, M.; Dávila-Velderrain, J.; Martínez-Debat, C.; Álvarez-Buylla, E. R.
Publisher
Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 2017, 41, 9/10, pp 1146-1161
Abstract

Author(s)
Chen YiYu; Wang ZhiPing; Ni HanWen; Xu Yong; Chen QiJun; Jiang LinJian
Publisher
Science China Press, co-published with Springer, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Science China Life Sciences, 2017, 60, 5, pp 520-523
Abstract

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are naturally occurring steroidal hormones that play diverse roles in various processes during plant growth and development. Thus, genetic manipulation of endogenous BR levels might offer a way of improving the agronomic traits of crops, including plant architecture and...

Author(s)
Han YunJeong; Kim YoungSoon; Hwang OkJin; Roh JeeHee; Ganguly, K.; Kim SeongKi; Hwang IlDoo; Kim JeongIl
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 10, pp e0187378
Abstract

MZHG0JG corn will offer growers the flexibility to alternate between herbicides with two different modes of action in their weed-management programs, helping to mitigate and manage the evolution of herbicide resistance in weed populations. The proteins conferring herbicide tolerence in MZHG0JG...

Author(s)
Matthews, B. A.; Launis, K. L.; Bauman, P. A.; Juba, N. C.
Publisher
American Chemical Society, Washington, USA
Citation
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2017, 65, 38, pp 8459-8465

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