Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Verbena bonariensis
(clusterflower vervain)

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Datasheet

Verbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Verbena bonariensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • clusterflower vervain
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

    Description

    Evergreen fast-growing herb (to 2 m high); stems...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Verbena bonariensis L.

Preferred Common Name

  • clusterflower vervain

International Common Names

  • English: purpletop (Australia); tall vervain (USA)
  • Spanish: yerba de fierro (Argentina)

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: cambara-de-capoeira

EPPO code

  • VEBBO (Verbena bonariensis)

Summary of Invasiveness

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The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

Description

Evergreen fast-growing herb (to 2 m high); stems slender, square-shaped in cross-section, rough and hairy; branches spread widely from main stem.

Origin

Argentina and Brazil.

Reason for Introduction

Ornament.

Invades

Roadsides, disturbed land, drainage ditches, riverbanks, lowlands, forest edges/gaps, woodland edges/gaps and grasslands.

Impacts

Can form dense stands which displace native plant and animal species. Once established in disturbed areas, it may persist. It reduces the livestock carrying capacities of pastures, and is said to cause abortion and sickness in cattle if consumed.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Lamiales
  •                         Family: Verbenaceae
  •                             Genus: Verbena
  •                                 Species: Verbena bonariensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EthiopiaPresentIntroducedInvasive
KenyaPresentIntroducedInvasive
RwandaPresentIntroducedInvasive
TanzaniaPresentIntroducedInvasive
UgandaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BoliviaPresent
BrazilPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
ChilePresent
ParaguayPresent
UruguayPresent

Uses List

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General

  • Ornamental

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