Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Toona sinensis
(Chinese Toona)



Toona sinensis (Chinese Toona)


  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Toona sinensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Chinese Toona
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):


    Deciduous tree (sheds all or most of its leaves...

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Toona sinensis (A. Juss.) M. Roem.

Preferred Common Name

  • Chinese Toona

Other Scientific Names

  • Cedrela serrata Royle
  • Cedrela sinensis A. Juss.
  • Toona serrata (Royle) M. Roem.
  • Toona serrulata (Miq.) Harms

International Common Names

  • English: Chinese cedar; Chinese mahogany; Chinese mahogony
  • French: Acajou de Chine; Cedre de Chine; Cedrele de Chine
  • Chinese: chun; chunhua; chuntianshu; chunyangshu; hongchun; maochun; mapaozishu; xiangchun; xiangchunshu; xiangchunya

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Chinesischer Surenbaum
  • India: dalli; darli; darloi; darlu; dauri; drawi; durla; khinam; khishing
  • Indonesia: suren
  • Indonesia/Sumatra: ingul
  • Italy: cedrela della China
  • Japan: toona shinenshisi
  • Malaysia/Peninsular Malaysia: surian bawang; surian wangi
  • Malaysia/Sabah: rangau
  • Myanmar: taungdama
  • Netherlands: Cedrel

EPPO code

  • TOOSI (Toona sinensis)

Trade name

  • Chinese toona
  • surian

Summary of Invasiveness

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The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):


Deciduous tree (sheds all or most of its leaves at the end of the growing season), up to 25 (–40) m tall, with a buttressed trunk (to 70 cm in diameter), smelling of garlic and pepper when cut.


India and Nepal eastward through China, Burma, Thailand and Malaysia to Java.

Reason for Introduction

Medicine, timber and ornament.


Roadsides, disturbed areas, plantations and forest gaps/edges.


Can escape from cultivation and establish in the wild, to the possible detriment of native flora and fauna.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rutales
  •                         Family: Meliaceae
  •                             Genus: Toona
  •                                 Species: Toona sinensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Planted Reference Notes




-Inner MongoliaPresent
Hong KongPresentPlanted
IndiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Uttar PradeshPresent
IndonesiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentPlanted
South KoreaPresentPlanted
Sri LankaPresentPlanted

Latitude/Altitude Ranges

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Latitude North (°N)Latitude South (°S)Altitude Lower (m)Altitude Upper (m)
35 2 0 2400

Air Temperature

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Parameter Lower limit Upper limit
Absolute minimum temperature (ºC) -2
Mean annual temperature (ºC) 17 18
Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC) 25 37
Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC) 5 10


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ParameterLower limitUpper limitDescription
Dry season duration04number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall
Mean annual rainfall5002500mm; lower/upper limits

Rainfall Regime

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Soil Tolerances

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Soil drainage

  • free

Soil reaction

  • acid
  • alkaline
  • neutral

Soil texture

  • heavy
  • light
  • medium

Special soil tolerances

  • sodic

Wood Products

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  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Cooperage
  • Crates
  • Pallets
  • Tanks
  • Vats



  • Short-fibre pulp

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For light construction
  • Gates
  • Wall panelling


Wood-based materials

  • Plywood


  • Cutlery
  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Marquetry
  • Musical instruments
  • Tool handles
  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings


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Chen FH, 1991. Flora of Guangdong. Guangdong, China: Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Vol. II

Chen YM, 1990. Garden trees. Beijing, China: China Forestry Publishing House

Cheng JQ, Yang JJ, Liu P, 1992. Wood science. Beijing, China: Chinese Forestry Publishing House

Howard AL, 1948. A manual of the timbers of the world, their characteristics and uses. Macmillan & Co., Ltd., London. 3rd ed. pp. xxiv + 751. 37 refs

Jin P, et al. , 1992. Growing Chinese toona with high economic benefit. Beijing, China: China Agriculture Science and Technology Press

Lemmens RHMJ, Soerianegara I, Wong WC, eds. 1995. Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 5 (2). Timber trees: minor commercial timbers. 655 pp.; Prosea Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers

Li SG, 1991. Practices of coppicing and densely planting Chinese toona. Beijing, China: Beijing Agriculture, No. 11, 43

Qing LY et al., 1989. Tissue culture for Chinese toona. Plant Physiology Bulletin, No. 1, 6-7.

Streets RJ, 1962. Exotic forest trees in the British Commonwealth. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press

Tan SS et al., 1974. Pests, diseases and their control practices in Chinese toona. Developments in Forest Science and Technology, 8:14-15.

Thrower SL, 1977. Hong Kong Trees. Volume II. J.R. Lee, Government Printer, Hong Kong: xxii + 117 pp.; 111 col. pl

Troup RS, Joshi HB, 1981. Troup's The Silviculture of Indian Trees. Volume III. Delhi, India; Controller of Publications

Witt, A., Luke, Q., 2017. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa, [ed. by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. Wallingford, UK: + 601 pp. doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000

Wu ZY, 1984. Index Florae Yunnanensis. Yunnan, China: People's Publishing House

Ye X, 1980. Growing broadleaved trees. Guangxi, China: Guangxi People's Publishing House

Yuan ZK, 1989. Silviculture of Chinese toona. Hunan, China: Hunan Science and Technology Press, Vol. 1, 608-612

Zhao ML et al., 1990. Culturing Chinese toona and marketing fresh leaves all the year round. Beijing, China: Vegetables, No. 3, 15-17.

Zhao XW, Zhang JW, 1983. Vegetation of China. Beijing, China: Science Press

Zheng WJ, 1978. China flora. Beijing, China: Science Press

Zheng WJ, 1983. Sylva Sinica. Vol. 1. [Zhongguo shumu zhi. Diyi juan.]. Beijing, China: Chinese Forestry Publishing House (Centralized Book No. 16046.1069)

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Witt A, Luke Q, 2017. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa. [ed. by Witt A, Luke Q]. Wallingford, UK: CABI. vi + 601 pp. DOI:10.1079/9781786392145.0000

Distribution Maps

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