Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Abies alba
(silver fir)

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Datasheet

Abies alba (silver fir)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Abies alba
  • Preferred Common Name
  • silver fir
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Essential oils
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Ornamental

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A. alba has a pyramidal, compact, erect and dense crown, with a low crown base only in isolated individual trees. In older trees the form of the upper crown tends to become flat (known as "stork's nest").
TitleMature tree
CaptionA. alba has a pyramidal, compact, erect and dense crown, with a low crown base only in isolated individual trees. In older trees the form of the upper crown tends to become flat (known as "stork's nest").
CopyrightMarco Paci
A. alba has a pyramidal, compact, erect and dense crown, with a low crown base only in isolated individual trees. In older trees the form of the upper crown tends to become flat (known as "stork's nest").
Mature treeA. alba has a pyramidal, compact, erect and dense crown, with a low crown base only in isolated individual trees. In older trees the form of the upper crown tends to become flat (known as "stork's nest").Marco Paci
Mature trees affected by disease in Vallombrosa Forest, Florence, Italy.
TitleMature trees
CaptionMature trees affected by disease in Vallombrosa Forest, Florence, Italy.
CopyrightMarco Paci
Mature trees affected by disease in Vallombrosa Forest, Florence, Italy.
Mature treesMature trees affected by disease in Vallombrosa Forest, Florence, Italy.Marco Paci
Vallombrosa Monastery, Florence, Italy.
TitleNatural A. alba forest
CaptionVallombrosa Monastery, Florence, Italy.
CopyrightMarco Paci
Vallombrosa Monastery, Florence, Italy.
Natural A. alba forestVallombrosa Monastery, Florence, Italy.Marco Paci
TitleFoliage
Caption
CopyrightMarco Paci
FoliageMarco Paci

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Abies alba Mill.

Preferred Common Name

  • silver fir

Other Scientific Names

  • Abies pectinata DC.
  • Abies picea Bluff et Fingerh.
  • Abies vulgaris Poiret

International Common Names

  • English: European silver fir; white fir
  • Spanish: abeto blanco; abeto común; abeto planteado; pinabete; pinabeto
  • French: sapin argenté; sapin blanc; sapin des Vosges; sapin pectiné
  • Portuguese: abeto-branco

Local Common Names

  • Czechoslovakia (former): jedle; jedle belokora
  • Germany: Edeltanne; gemeine Weisstanne; Silbertanne; Weisstanne
  • Italy: abete bianco
  • Netherlands: zilverden
  • Slovakia: jedle bielej
  • Slovenia: jélka
  • Sweden: europeisk ädelgran; silvergran; vanlig ädelgran

EPPO code

  • ABIAL (Abies alba)

Trade name

  • silver fir
  • white fir

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Abies
  •                             Species: Abies alba

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Cinara pectinatae; Cryphalus piceae; Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Heterobasidion abietinum; Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Megastigmus milleri (fir seed chalcid); Megastigmus rafni (fir seed chalcid); Megastigmus suspectus (fir seed chalcid); Mindarus abietinus (balsam twig aphid); Monochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn); Pityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle); Sirex juvencus (steel-blue woodwasp); Trypodendron lineatum (striped ambrosia beetle); Xylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)

Minor host of:

Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Choristoneura fumiferana (spruce budworm); Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Dreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges); Gilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly); Heterobasidion annosum; Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Heterobasidion parviporum; Hylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle); Ips amitinus (small spruce bark beetle); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Megastigmus pinus (fir seed chalcid); Megastigmus specularis (fir seed chalcid); Otiorhynchus singularis (clay coloured weevil); Perenniporia subacida (white stringy butt rot); Phenacoccus longoi; Pissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil); Pityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Sirex noctilio (woodwasp)

Wild host of:

Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acanthocinus aedilis (timberman); Acanthocinus griseus; Adoristes ovatus; Armillaria gallica; Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Barbara herrichiana; Bursaphelenchus hofmanni; Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Cephalcia arvensis; Choristoneura murinana; Cnephasia communana; Earomyia impossibile; Epinotia nigricana (cone, moth); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Hylastes cunicularius; Hylecoetus dermestoides; Lycoriella mali; Monochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Neonectria fuckeliana (flute canker of radiata pine); Neonectria neomacrospora; Neonectria radicicola (black root of strawberry); Obrium brunneum; Phaeolus schweinitzii (pine butt rot); Phytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD)); Pissodes piceae; Pityokteines spinidens; Pityokteines vorontzowi; Pityophthorus pityographus; Ptilinus pectinicornis; Resseliella piceae; Rhagium bifasciatum; Rhagium inquisitor; Rhagium mordax; Sirex cyaneus (blue horntail); Urocerus gigas (horntail, sawfly, banded); Xeris spectrum (long horntail); Zeiraphera rufimitrana

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical

Wood Products

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Furniture

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Roundwood structures

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction

Wood flour

Wood-based materials

  • Fibreboard
  • Particleboard