Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cestrum aurantiacum
(orange cestrum)

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Datasheet

Cestrum aurantiacum (orange cestrum)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cestrum aurantiacum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • orange cestrum
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

    Description

    Evergreen much-branched, half-climbing shrub [1–...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cestrum aurantiacum Lindl.

Preferred Common Name

  • orange cestrum

Summary of Invasiveness

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The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

Description

Evergreen much-branched, half-climbing shrub [1–2 (–6) m high]; stems and leaves sparsely hairy, bruising easily, emitting an unpleasant smell.

Origin

Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Nicaragua.

Reason for Introduction

Hedge/barrier and ornament.

Invades

Roadsides, disturbed land, plantations, drainage ditches, forest edges/gaps, woodlands, savannah, riparian vegetation and gullies.

Impacts

Readily ‘climbs’ into trees and over shrubs, smothering native vegetation and impoverishing biodiversity. C.aurantiacum is toxic to people and to livestock and has caused numerous cattle deaths. Consumption of the unripe berry is fatal to sheep, and the leaves can lead to nonfatal poisoning.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Solanaceae
  •                             Genus: Cestrum
  •                                 Species: Cestrum aurantiacum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

KenyaPresentIntroducedInvasive
MalawiPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized
TanzaniaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedNaturalized

North America

Costa RicaPresent
GuatemalaPresent
HondurasPresent
MexicoPresent
NicaraguaPresent

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Links to Websites

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WebsiteURLComment
GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gatewayhttps://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m93f6Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list.

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