Preferred Scientific Name
- Piper sarmentosum Roxb.
Other Scientific Names
- Piper lolot
International Common Names
- English: lolo pepper
Local Common Names
- Micronesia, Federated states of: peper lolo (Pohnpei)
Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.Generate report
P. sarmentosum is a shade-tolerant, low-growing perennial herb native to Vietnam and elsewhere in Southeast Asia. It is invasive in Hawaii and Pohnpei, where it can smother the ground and compete with agricultural and natural vegetation. It can spread from plant fragments and rhizomes and is sometimes deliberately planted by humans (Englberger, 2009). P. sarmentosum grows very well in the forest understory and can smother the ground. It competes with agricultural and natural vegetation (Englberger, 2009). In some countries the leaves of P. sarmentosum are used to wrap food (Englberger, 2009).
Taken from Englberger (2009):
This low-growing perennial herb or subshrub spreads by underground rhizomes. The erect stems are brownish and can grow 30-40 cm high. The leaves are alternate, simple, dark green with a leaf petiole up to 3 cm long. The inflorescence is a creamy-white, club-shaped spike; flowers are sunk into the inflorescence and partially fused with it. In Pohnpei the plant does not appear to produce fruits.
Prevention and Control
Taken from Englberger (2009):
Physical removal is effective if done repeatedly for an extended period. For chemical control, two to three applications of glyphosphate at a high concentration can control the plant.
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 01 Dec 2021
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|United States||Present||Present based on regional distribution.|
|Federated States of Micronesia||Present||Introduced||Invasive||Pohnpei|
Englberger K, 2009. Invasive weeds of Pohnpei: A guide for identification and public awareness. Kolonia, Federated States of Micronesia: Conservation Society of Pohnpei, 29 pp.
CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI
Englberger K, 2009. Invasive weeds of Pohnpei: a guide for identification and public awareness. In: Invasive weeds of Pohnpei: a guide for identification and public awareness, Kolonia, Federated States of Micronesia: Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP). 29 pp.
Oktaviany Subagyo V N, Tri Lestari Mardiningsih, 2020. Short note: new record of thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) on karuk plants (Piper sarmentosum) in Indonesia. BIO Web of Conferences. DOI:10.1051/bioconf/20201900025
Zeng HuiCai, Ho H H, Zheng FuyCong, 2009. A survey of Phytophthora species on Hainan Island of South China. Journal of Phytopathology. 157 (1), 33-39. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jph DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2008.01441.x
One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using.
Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.
More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/