Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Piper sarmentosum

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Datasheet

Piper sarmentosum

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Piper sarmentosum
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • P. sarmentosum is a shade-tolerant, low-growing perennial herb native to Vietnam and elsewhere in Southeast Asia. It is invasive in Hawaii and Pohnpei, where it can smother the ground and compete with agricultural and natural vegetation....

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    Compendia
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    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Piper sarmentosum Roxb.

Other Scientific Names

  • Piper lolot

International Common Names

  • English: lolo pepper

Local Common Names

  • Micronesia, Federated states of: peper lolo (Pohnpei)

Summary of Invasiveness

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P. sarmentosum is a shade-tolerant, low-growing perennial herb native to Vietnam and elsewhere in Southeast Asia. It is invasive in Hawaii and Pohnpei, where it can smother the ground and compete with agricultural and natural vegetation. It can spread from plant fragments and rhizomes and is sometimes deliberately planted by humans (Englberger, 2009). P. sarmentosum grows very well in the forest understory and can smother the ground. It competes with agricultural and natural vegetation (Englberger, 2009). In some countries the leaves of P. sarmentosum are used to wrap food (Englberger, 2009).

Description

Taken from Englberger (2009):

This low-growing perennial herb or subshrub spreads by underground rhizomes. The erect stems are brownish and can grow 30-40 cm high. The leaves are alternate, simple, dark green with a leaf petiole up to 3 cm long. The inflorescence is a creamy-white, club-shaped spike; flowers are sunk into the inflorescence and partially fused with it. In Pohnpei the plant does not appear to produce fruits.

Prevention and Control

Taken from Englberger (2009):

Physical removal is effective if done repeatedly for an extended period. For chemical control, two to three applications of glyphosphate at a high concentration can control the plant.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Piperales
  •                         Family: Piperaceae
  •                             Genus: Piper
  •                                 Species: Piper sarmentosum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresent
VietnamPresentNative

North America

United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-HawaiiPresentIntroducedInvasive

Oceania

Federated States of MicronesiaPresentIntroducedInvasivePohnpei

Distribution Maps

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