Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tonga

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Datasheet

Tonga

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Tonga
  • General data
  • Region: Oceania
  • Area (km2): NaN
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Nuku'alofa
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 102,214
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$2,480
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$253,600,848
  • GDP: US$252,839,504
  • Agriculture, value added: US$56,366,000

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Davis et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced Johnston, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Dingley et al., 1981; McKenzie and Jackson, 1990; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; APPPC, 1987; Carver, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera facialis Present Heimoana et al., 1997a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera kirki Present Heimoana et al., 1997a; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly) Present Heimonana et al., 1997a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly) Present Heimoana et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present O'Connor, 1949; CIE, 1969; Maddison, 1976; Williams and Watson, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Buxton and Hopkins , 1927.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Belkin, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Williams and Watson, 1988; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; APPPC, 1987; Mound and Walker, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976; Williams and Watson, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; Williams and Watson, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced Williams and Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Carver et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Waterhouse and Norris, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present Bedford and, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Williams and Watson, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Williams and Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly) Present Introduced Nishida, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present Native NoNHM, 1949; Eastop, 1966; Carver et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Introduced APPPC, 1987; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014; ISSG, IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Widespread Introduced YesWilson and Taylor, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Carver et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; Williams and Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesAPPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesBeaver, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprion Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Introduced YesFisher, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesCranwell, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesSPREP, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Absent, formerly present South Pacific Commission, 1979; Brodie and Barker, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Wilkinson, 1975; SPC aquaculture portal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesHutchinson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Starmühlner, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Kirby et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present Orton, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm) Present Introduced YesAnon., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoIwatsuki, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Doty, 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Doty, 1985a.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Localised Introduced Eldredge, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced PIER, 2002; Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoWhistler, 1983; Waterhouse, 1997; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Krisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced YesSpace and Imada, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001; Yuncker, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Widespread Introduced YesYuncker, 1959; Swarbrick, 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012; PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced YesBurkill, 1901; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced NoSpace and Flynn, 2001; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Native PIER, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Whistler, 1983; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus Present Introduced Englberger, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Whistler, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Present Native Yuncker, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Introduced Wester and Wood, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Englberger, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Ellison, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Widespread Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001; Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001; Bishop Museum, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced YesWhistler, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Whistler, 1983; Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009; PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Present Introduced HEAR, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced YesYuncker, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Waterhouse, 1997; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Whistler, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Holm et al., 1997; Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2012; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Widespread Introduced YesDrake et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn , 2001; PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2018; GRIIS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesThaman, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesHughes, 1998a; Hughes, 1998b; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Whistler, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesWhistler, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltata Present Introduced Englberger, 2009; Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Widespread Introduced YesMeyer, 2000; Englberger, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Widespread Introduced YesWaterhouse and Norris, 1987; PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014; Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present PIER, 2013; Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Whistler, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present PIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Whistler, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced YesYuncker, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001; Space and Flynn, 2002b; PIER, 2012a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Widespread Introduced Hartemink, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Encyclopedia of Life, EoL.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced Novan der Maesen, 1985; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced Space and Flynn , 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread Introduced YesWhistler, 1983; Swarbrick, 1989; Mackey et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016; Whistler, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced YesWaterhouse and Norris, 1987; Whistler, 1988; PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Introduced, established Introduced YesISSG, IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group; Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present Whistler, 1983; Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced YesWhistler, 1983; PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008; Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Introduced Yuncker, 1959; PIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Whistler, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Ellison, 1990; Moldenke, 1980; Franklin et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997; Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Thomson and Evans, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present NoFriday and Okano, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Space and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present Introduced PIER, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced YesYuncker, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001; PIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced YesSpace and Flynn, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native Yuncker, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present YesPearson and Grisoni, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Thomas et al., 1994; Lockhart and Jones, 1999.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present South Pacific Commission.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 550 Im 567 Im 592 Im 597 Im 570 F
Bananas Production Quantity 794 Im 1184 Im 1060 Im 836 Im 840 F
Bananas Yield 14436.4 Fc 20881.8 Fc 17905.4 Fc 14003.4 Fc 14736.8 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 474 Im 536 Im 480 Im 744 Im 770 F
Cassava Production Quantity 7217 Im 8169 Im 6690 Im 8814 Im 9700 F
Cassava Yield 152257 Fc 152407 Fc 139375 Fc 118468 Fc 125974 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1217 A 1190 A 1236 A 1210 A 1190 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2523 A 2835 A 2785 A 3975 A 3800 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 20731.3 Fc 23823.5 Fc 22532.4 Fc 32851.2 Fc 31932.8 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested
Cocoa beans Production Quantity
Cocoa beans Yield
Coconuts Area Harvested 8409 F 8409 Im 8322 Im 8200 F 8100 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 61034 Im 58951 Im 59200 * 59200 * 58500 *
Coconuts Yield 72581.8 Fc 70104.6 Fc 71136.8 Fc 72195.1 Fc 72222.2 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 15 F 15 Im 22 Im 23 Im 22 Im
Coffee, green Yield 15000 Fc 15000 Fc 22000 Fc 23000 Fc 22000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5045 A 4960 A 5157 A 5063 A 4965 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8865 A 9773 A 10086 A 11638 A 11107 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 17571.8 Fc 19703.6 Fc 19557.9 Fc 22986.4 Fc 22370.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2611 Im 2551 Im 2651 Im 2594 Im 2553 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 1123 Im 1165 Im 1200 Im 1522 Im 1356 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 4301.03 Fc 4566.84 Fc 4526.59 Fc 5867.39 Fc 5311.4 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 391 Im 382 Im 397 Im 388 Im 382 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 1844 Im 1912 Im 1970 Im 2033 Im 1811 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 47161.1 Fc 50052.4 Fc 49622.2 Fc 52396.9 Fc 47408.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1978 F 1978 Im 1955 Im 1856 Im 1550 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1063 F 1063 Im 1036 Im 860 Im 850 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 158.24 Fc 158.24 Fc 158.24 Fc 156.4 Fc 148.48 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5374.12 Fc 5374.12 Fc 5299.23 Fc 4633.62 Fc 5483.87 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 982 Im 960 Im 997 Im 976 Im 960 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 1811 Im 1878 Im 1935 Im 2975 Im 2650 F
Lemons and limes Yield 18442 Fc 19562.5 Fc 19408.2 Fc 30481.6 Fc 27604.2 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 10387 A 10387 A 10277 A 10056 A 9650 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 5286.66 A 5120.02 A 5129.68 A 5062.8 A 5003 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 60.13 A 60.13 A 60.13 A 59.43 A 56.42 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5089.69 Fc 4929.26 Fc 4991.42 Fc 5034.61 Fc 5184.46 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 10387 A 10387 A 10277 A 10056 A 9650 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 8253.32 A 7982.53 A 8006.8 A 7954 A 7860 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 47.47 A 47.47 A 47.47 A 46.92 A 44.54 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7945.82 Fc 7685.12 Fc 7790.99 Fc 7909.71 Fc 8145.08 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 235 Im 230 Im 239 Im 234 Im 230 F
Oranges Production Quantity 712 Im 957 Im 850 Im 1000 Im 1150 F
Oranges Yield 30297.9 Fc 41608.7 Fc 35564.8 Fc 42735 Fc 50000 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 276 Im 270 Im 281 Im 274 Im 270 F
Plantains Production Quantity 2581 Im 2677 Im 3071 Im 3272 Im 3300 F
Plantains Yield 93514.5 Fc 99148.1 Fc 109288 Fc 119416 Fc 122222 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 2215 Im 2159 Im 2031 Im 2250 Im 2100 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 18693 Im 21450 Im 21251 Im 23441 Im 21000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 84392.8 Fc 99351.6 Fc 104633 Fc 104182 Fc 100000 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 255 Im 289 Im 259 Im 334 Im 270 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2023 Im 2290 Im 2123 Im 2491 Im 2200 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 79333.3 Fc 79238.8 Fc 81969.1 Fc 74580.8 Fc 81481.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2076 A 2349 A 2104 A 2836 A 2460 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23282 A 26353 A 23227 A 27755 A 27200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 112148 Fc 112188 Fc 110394 Fc 97866.7 Fc 110569 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 85 F 85 F 85 Im 91 Im 90 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 229 F 229 Im 298 Im 226 Im 290 F
Spices, nes Yield 26941.2 Fc 26941.2 Fc 35058.8 Fc 24835.2 Fc 32222.2 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 569 Im 644 Im 577 Im 743 Im 600 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 5965 Im 6752 Im 6261 Im 5688 Im 6800 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 104833 Fc 104845 Fc 108510 Fc 76554.5 Fc 113333 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 426 Im 482 Im 432 Im 557 Im 450 F
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 3193 Im 3614 Im 4179 Im 4302 Im 3800 F
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 74953.1 Fc 74979.3 Fc 96736.1 Fc 77235.2 Fc 84444.4 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 26 Im 24 Im 20 Im 19 Im 22 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 508 Im 795 Im 741 Im 500 F 500 F
Tomatoes Yield 195385 Fc 331250 Fc 370500 Fc 263158 Fc 227273 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 299 F 299 F 299 Im 322 Im 320 F
Vanilla Production Quantity 202 F 202 Im 263 Im 199 Im 150 F
Vanilla Yield 6755.85 Fc 6755.85 Fc 8795.99 Fc 6180.12 Fc 4687.5 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 4550 Im 4435 Im 4171 Im 3989 Im 4600 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 5597 Im 6422 Im 6362 Im 5658 Im 5700 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 12301.1 Fc 14480.3 Fc 15252.9 Fc 14184 Fc 12391.3 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 6862 A 6687 A 6287 A 6327 A 6792 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25269 A 29207 A 28974 A 30317 A 27850 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 36824.5 Fc 43677.3 Fc 46085.6 Fc 47916.9 Fc 41004.1 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6862 A 6687 A 6287 A 6327 A 6792 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25269 A 29207 A 28974 A 30317 A 27850 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 36824.5 Fc 43677.3 Fc 46085.6 Fc 47916.9 Fc 41004.1 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 71 Im 69 Im 65 Im 69 Im 70 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 471 Im 540 Im 620 Im 718 Im 650 F
Watermelons Yield 66338 Fc 78260.9 Fc 95384.6 Fc 104058 Fc 92857.1 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 352 Im 398 Im 356 Im 458 Im 370 F
Yams Production Quantity 4884 Im 5528 Im 3974 Im 6460 Im 4700 F
Yams Yield 138750 Fc 138894 Fc 111629 Fc 141048 Fc 127027 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 550 F 399 Im 418 Im 410 Im 484 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 800 F 525 Im 508 Im 522 Im 619 Im
Bananas Yield 14545.5 Fc 13157.9 Fc 12153.1 Fc 12731.7 Fc 12789.3 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 750 F 758 Im 738 Im 732 Im 758 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 9500 F 9929 Im 9946 Im 9412 Im 9667 Im
Cassava Yield 126667 Fc 130989 Fc 134770 Fc 128579 Fc 127533 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1170 A 1980 A 1941 A 1861 A 1898 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3700 A 3121 A 2874 A 3650 A 3671 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 31623.9 Fc 15762.6 Fc 14806.8 Fc 19613.1 Fc 19341.4 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested
Cocoa beans Production Quantity
Cocoa beans Yield
Coconuts Area Harvested 8800 F 7342 Im 6900 Im 7164 Im 7234 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 63000 * 58000 * 58000 * 58000 * 58000 *
Coconuts Yield 71590.9 Fc 78997.6 Fc 84058 Fc 80960.4 Fc 80176.9 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 10 F 8 Im 8 F 8 F 8 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 18 F 17 Im 14 Im 16 Im 17 Im
Coffee, green Yield 18000 Fc 21250 Fc 17500 Fc 20000 Fc 21250 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4761 A 5345 A 5266 A 5059 A 5226 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11272 A 9424 A 8896 A 9219 A 9590 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 23675.7 Fc 17631.4 Fc 16893.3 Fc 18223 Fc 18350.5 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2419 Im 2336 Im 2290 Im 2196 Im 2240 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 1529 Im 1623 Im 1549 Im 1418 Im 1489 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 6320.79 Fc 6947.77 Fc 6764.19 Fc 6457.19 Fc 6647.32 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 362 Im 350 Im 343 Im 329 Im 336 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 2043 Im 2169 Im 2070 Im 1895 Im 1990 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 56436.5 Fc 61971.4 Fc 60349.8 Fc 57598.8 Fc 59226.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 868 Im 956 Im 1097 Im 1007 Im 748 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 529 Im 633 Im 513 Im 515 Im 583 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 124 Fc 69.44 Fc 76.48 Fc 87.76 Fc 80.56 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 6094.47 Fc 6621.34 Fc 4676.39 Fc 5114.2 Fc 7794.12 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 950 F 1779 Im 1744 Im 1672 Im 1705 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 2600 F 2215 Im 2153 Im 2565 Im 2850 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 27368.4 Fc 12450.8 Fc 12345.2 Fc 15340.9 Fc 16715.5 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 9668 A 8298 A 7997 A 8171 A 7982 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 5241.02 A 4880.54 A 4834.94 A 4835.7 A 4861.54 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 47.12 A 26.39 A 29.06 A 33.35 A 30.61 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5421 Fc 5881.59 Fc 6045.94 Fc 5918.13 Fc 6090.63 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 9668 A 8298 A 7997 A 8171 A 7982 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 8348.7 A 7729.9 A 7693.9 A 7694.5 A 7714.9 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 37.2 A 20.83 A 22.94 A 26.33 A 24.17 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 8635.4 Fc 9315.38 Fc 9620.98 Fc 9416.84 Fc 9665.37 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 220 F 201 Im 197 Im 189 Im 193 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 1100 F 906 Im 721 Im 1085 Im 821 Im
Oranges Yield 50000 Fc 45074.6 Fc 36599 Fc 57407.4 Fc 42538.9 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 260 F 280 Im 274 Im 263 Im 268 Im
Plantains Production Quantity 3200 F 1986 Im 1895 Im 1734 Im 1821 Im
Plantains Yield 123077 Fc 70928.6 Fc 69160.6 Fc 65931.6 Fc 67947.8 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 2203 Im 2271 Im 2065 Im 2169 Im 2000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 23388 Im 18889 Im 17891 Im 19355 Im 20000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 106164 Fc 83174.8 Fc 86639.2 Fc 89234.7 Fc 100000 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 251 Im 259 Im 252 Im 250 F 298 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2049 Im 2109 Im 2113 Im 2000 F 2553 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 81633.5 Fc 81428.6 Fc 83849.2 Fc 80000 Fc 85671.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2331 A 2331 A 2270 A 2251 A 2370 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 26649 A 28234 A 28524 A 27768 A 28052 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 114324 Fc 121124 Fc 125656 Fc 123359 Fc 118363 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 85 F 59 Im 71 Im 80 F 80 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 270 F 257 Im 254 Im 208 Im 235 Im
Spices, nes Yield 31764.7 Fc 43559.3 Fc 35774.7 Fc 26000 Fc 29375 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 550 F 500 Im 487 Im 483 Im 500 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 6750 F 5699 Im 5951 Im 6406 Im 6000 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 122727 Fc 113980 Fc 122197 Fc 132629 Fc 120000 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 420 F 467 Im 455 Im 451 Im 467 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 3750 F 4896 Im 4904 Im 4641 Im 4369 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 89285.7 Fc 104839 Fc 107780 Fc 102905 Fc 93554.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 23 Im 24 Im 25 Im 22 Im 23 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 487 Im 447 Im 511 Im 417 Im 460 Im
Tomatoes Yield 211739 Fc 186250 Fc 204400 Fc 189545 Fc 200000 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 300 F 207 Im 250 Im 290 F 290 F
Vanilla Production Quantity 140 F 133 Im 131 Im 107 Im 121 Im
Vanilla Yield 4666.67 Fc 6425.12 Fc 5240 Fc 3689.66 Fc 4172.41 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 4500 F 3821 Im 3904 Im 3948 Im 3605 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 5600 F 8155 Im 8695 Im 7955 Im 8277 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 12444.4 Fc 21342.6 Fc 22272 Fc 20149.4 Fc 22959.8 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 6787 A 6169 A 6043 A 6196 A 5687 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 30226 A 28106 A 27810 A 28356 A 29303 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 44535.1 Fc 45560.1 Fc 46020.2 Fc 45765 Fc 51526.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6787 A 6169 A 6043 A 6196 A 5687 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 30226 A 28106 A 27810 A 28356 A 29303 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 44535.1 Fc 45560.1 Fc 46020.2 Fc 45765 Fc 51526.3 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 61 Im 53 Im 49 Im 57 Im 59 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 751 Im 615 Im 713 Im 629 Im 566 Im
Watermelons Yield 123115 Fc 116038 Fc 145510 Fc 110351 Fc 95932.2 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 360 F 347 Im 338 Im 335 Im 347 Im
Yams Production Quantity 4600 F 5601 Im 5610 Im 5309 Im 5463 Im
Yams Yield 127778 Fc 161412 Fc 165976 Fc 158478 Fc 157435 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 31 Fm 31 Fm 31 Fm 30 Fm 31 Fm
Arable land Area 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 15 Fm 15 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 27 Fm 27 Fm 27 Fm 26 Fm 27 Fm
Country area Area 75 W 75 W 75 W 75 W 75 W
Forest area Area 9 Fm 9 Q 9 Fm 9 Fm 9 Fm
Inland water Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Land area Area 72 W 72 W 72 W 72 W 72 Fm
Other land Area 32 Fm 32 Fm 32 Fm 33 Fm 32 Fm
Permanent crops Area 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 12 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 30 Fm 30 Fm 30 Fm 30 F 30 F
Arable land Area 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 F 15 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 26 Fm 26 Fm 26 Fm 26 F 26 F
Country area Area 75 W 75 W 75 W 75 Q 75 Q
Forest area Area 9 Fm 9 Q 9 Fm 9 Fm 9 Fm
Inland water Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Land area Area 72 Fm 72 Fm 72 Fm 72 Q 72 Q
Other land Area 33 Fm 33 Fm 33 Fm 33 Fm 33 Fm
Permanent crops Area 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 F 11 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 F 4 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files