Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Nicaragua

Toolbox

Datasheet

Nicaragua

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Nicaragua
  • General data
  • Region: Central America
  • Area (km2): 130,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Managua
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 5,604,596
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$990
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$5,533,842,432
  • GDP: US$5,725,935,104
  • Agriculture, value added: US$969,550,144

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Eradicated Munoz and Monterroso, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Widespread YesBextine et al., 2012a; Bextine et al., 2013a; Munyaneza et al., 2013b; EPPO, 2018.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present EPPO, 2019.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2017; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Present Native YesLangford, 1953; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present Evans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Restricted distribution Introduced YesStover, 1980a; Stover, 1980b; Mourichon and Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine) Present, few occurrences UK CAB International, 1994; Delgado, 2011; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Present YesLópez and Enríquez, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Muller, 1953; Litzenberger and Stevenson, 1957.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015; Chavarría et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Widespread Native NoNorrbom, 2004b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Present Native NoJiron et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Present Native NoBorge and Basedow, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Present Warner, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesMaes and Tellez, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Widespread Native YesMunyaneza, 2012; Bextine et al., 2013; Munyaneza et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Brown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEnkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Eradicated Wyss, 2000; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Heinemann and Belkin, 1977b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle) Present Native CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Denmark, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present NHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present CPPC; IIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Monterrey, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present Rosset et al., 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Native NoPerez Farfante , 1975; Perez and Kensley , 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Eradicated IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced Maes, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; IPPC, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4).
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Native YesHodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Esser and Meredith, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Giles, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Present Davis, 1959; Neff and Berg, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native Perfecto, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Van Huis, 1981; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth) Present PRECODEPA, 1988; PRECODEPA, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Yokomi et al., 1994; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesAtkinson & Equihua-Martinez, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Widespread Native Schmitter-Soto, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish) Widespread Native NoMiller et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa) Widespread Native NoHynková et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native NoGese et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid) Present Native NoConkel, , 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana) Present Native Köhler, 2003; The Reptile Database, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced FAO, 1996; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoIUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Widespread Introduced Villa, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Introduced YesVences et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Native Leenders, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Introduced NoFroese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; McKaye et al., 1995; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004; McCrary et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Present Native NoGoldman, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced Schofield, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced McKenzie and Lopez, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Wehunt and Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Edwards and Wehunt, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Wehunt and Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Widespread Dean, 1979; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Introduced Flora of Nicaragua, 2017; Flora Mesoamericana, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Introduced Gómez and Arbeláez, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf) Present Native ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Widespread Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced Maas and Kamer, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Native Pancho et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991; Davidse et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2015; Flora of Nicaragua, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present only in captivity/cultivation Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced Flora of Nicaragua, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979; Alemán, 2001; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2015; Flora of Nicaragua, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Flora of Nicaragua, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present YesHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced Flora of Nicaragua, 2015; Morton, 1987; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Salomon, 1990; Otabbong et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Absent, intercepted only Stevens et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple) Present Maurya et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia violacea (brasiletto) Present González-Rivas et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana (calliandra) Present Native Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant) Present Native Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present Native Aguilar-Meléndez et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Introduced YesFAO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present ISSG, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum aurantiacum (orange cestrum) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle) Present Native Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced Cochrane and Iltis, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Rueda, 1993; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Wester and Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2015; Flora of Nicaragua, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced Flora de Nicaragua, 2016; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present Native NoFlora Mesoamericana, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesPruski, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus aggregatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 1994; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016; MOBOT, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalea scandens (low prairie clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Present Native NoHEAR, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Widespread Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Vega and Rúgolo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Native Ulloa, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Morales, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced Zuloaga and Morrone, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Solis & de le Cruz, 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Widespread Native NoBelcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced Nash, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Ottabong et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced Flora de Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Native Davidse et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia glauca (goldshower ) Present Native Standley and Steyermark, 1946.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Native ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Stein, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium tenellum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Present Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present PFAF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box) Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Introduced Stevens et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (evening glory) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet morning glory) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Native Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced Green, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Native CSIRO, 1998; Ocampo and Balick, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy) Present Introduced Flora de Nicaragua, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native Zardini et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Austin et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose) Present Native Austin et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Austin et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Native Meyer, 1994b; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Native PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Widespread Native Taylor, 1963; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontanoa hibiscifolia (tree daisy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Widespread Native Flora Mesoamericana, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Introduced Orchard, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Native ILDIS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea odorata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Dodson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Lewis et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Cardenas and Coulston, 1967; Stevens, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Native PIER, 2012a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Seymour, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Native Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012; Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Introduced Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia) Present Native Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced Daniel, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Coe, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Native Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Native Irwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native GBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals) Present Native Fryxell, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Lim, 2013; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass) Present eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native Pool and Rueda, 2001; PIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Native Croat, 1981; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Widespread Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Native NoGentry, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Daniel, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Almeda, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Native Stevens, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Solis & de la Cruz, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017; Barker and Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine) Present Native Austin et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Haynes and Holm-Nielsen, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoFlora Mesoamericana, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Flora of Nicaragua, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Introduced Peterson et al., 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Absent, reported but not confirmed Introduced Desquesnes, 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesLockhart and Jones, 1999.
Virusbluetongue virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash) Present CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Present Robles-Sikisaka et al., 2002.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foul brood No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971).
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009.
blackleg No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992.
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Eradicated Wyss, 2000.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
European foul brood No information available OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Lagueux et al., 1998.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Absent, reported but not confirmed Introduced Desquesnes, 2004; OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Present Robles-Sikisaka et al., 2002.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis No information available Kantor INde, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Present OIE, 2009; Nichol, 1988.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file