Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Maldives

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Datasheet

Maldives

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Maldives
  • General data
  • Region: Tropical Asia
  • Area (km2): NaN
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Male
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 305,340
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,190
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$974,423,936
  • GDP: US$1,055,312,512

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Roistacher and Civerolo, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture, Maldives, 2011, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Watson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present Introduced YesNHM, unda; Watson et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present NHM, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present Watson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present NHM, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle) Present Rethinam and Singh, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Subra, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Watson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present NHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesWatson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoWatson et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present NHM, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present NHM, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Native NoAli and Ripley, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoRandall and Anderson, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Absent, formerly present Introduced Anderson and Baldock, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Widespread Introduced YesMead, 1961; Muniappan, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Widespread Kozhokaru et al., 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm) Present Introduced YesMuniappan , 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native UNEP, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present de Reviers, 1989; Vairappan, 2006; Vairappan et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Localised Introduced de Reviers, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Localised Native NoPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced ISSG, 2012; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Native Selvam, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced YesPallewatta et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesCABI, 2005; ILDIS, 2007; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Present Introduced PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced NoPROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced Fosberg, 1957.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Spicer and Newbery, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Unconfirmed record GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced PIER, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native NoTopp, 1988.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2012.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file