Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Ecology of naturalized invasive species Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell in the Netherlands.

Abstract

Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell, a North American species, is still a rare and ephemerical neophyte in the Netherlands, but is invading the country rapidly now. We expect it to become a threat to plant biodiversity in Dutch wetlands. To describe its ecological and phytosociological position and assess its possible risk status we investigated known sites in the Netherlands. Being a pioneer species on open, muddy soil, more or less rich in nutrients, more or less acid, it occurs in different phytosociological classes: Littorelletea uniflorae, Phragmitetea, Isoeto-Nanojuncetea and Bidentetea tripartitae. We consider the species as possibly harmfull to vegetations belonging to the Littorelletea uniflorae and some associations of the Isoeto-Nanojuncetea, as those vegetations are already threatened by drainage and athmospheric deposition of nitrogen; they contain several species of the Dutch Red list for vascular plants and the size and growth rate of many characteristic plants makes them vulnerable to out-competing by Lindernia dubia.