Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Differentiation of Poaceae potyviruses by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and restriction analysis.

Abstract

Four potyviruses have been reported to infect Poaceae: maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV), sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), johnsongrass mosaic virus (JGMV) and sorghum mosaic virus (SrMV). A procedure was developed to assess the potential presence of potyviruses in a Poaceae-infected sample, and then to determine which potyvirus species (one or more) were present. The first step was potyvirus-group specific and following total RNA extraction, reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction, it yielded a 327 nucleotide fragment spanning MVWCIEN to QMKAAA conserved motifs in the core of the capsid gene. Enzymatic restriction of this fragment with the 2 endonucleases AluI and DdeI gave virus-specific patterns. This method was shown to be efficient for dealing with well-characterized strains and field collected isolates and useful for determining co-infections and detecting a new potyvirus infecting maize.