WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants. Volume 1.
Volume 1 comprises 28 monographs on widely used medicinal plants. Each monograph provides pharmacopoeial summaries for quality assurance purposes including botanical features, distribution, identity tests, purity requirements, chemical assays, and active or major chemical constituents. The second part of each monograph, based on extensive review of scientific research, describes the clinical applications of the plant material, with pharmacological information, and sections on contraindications, adverse effects and dosage. The aim of the monographs is to promote international harmonization in the quality control and use of herbal medicines. They are intended as a comprehensive scientific reference for drug regulatory authorities, physicians, traditional practitioners, pharmacists, manufacturers and research scientists. The following drugs are included in this volume: Bulbus Allii Cepae (Allium cepa bulbs), Bulbus Allii Sativi (Allium sativum bulbs), Aloe (Aloe spp. juice), Aloe Vera Gel (Aloe vera [A. barbadensis] gel), Radix Astragali (Astragalus membranaceus or A. mongholicus roots), Fructus Bruceae (Brucea javanica fruits), Radix Bupleuri (Bupleurum falcatum roots), Herba Centellae (Centella asiatica), Flos Chamomillae (Chamomilla recutita flowering heads), Cortex Cinnamomi (Cinnamomum verum [C. zeylanicum] or C. cassia [C. aromaticum] bark), Rhizoma Coptidis (Coptis spp. rhizomes), Rhizoma Curcumae Longae (Curcuma longa rhizomes), Radix Echinaceae (Echinacea angustifolia or E. pallida roots), Herba Echinaceae Purpureae (Echinacea purpurea aerial parts), Herba Ephedrae (Ephedra spp. stems/aerial parts), Folium Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba leaves), Radix Ginseng (Panax ginseng roots), Radix Glycyrrhizae (Glycyrrhiza glabra or G. uralensis roots), Radix Paeoniae (Paeonia lactiflora roots), Semen Plantaginis (Plantago spp. seeds), Radix Platycodi (Platycodon grandiflorus roots), Radix Rauwolfiae (Rauvolfia serpentina roots), Rhizoma Rhei (Rheum officinale or R. palmatum rhizome and roots), Folium Sennae (Cassia senna leaflets), Fructus Sennae (Cassia senna fruits), Herba Thymi (Thymus vulgaris leaves and flowering tops), Radix Valerianae (Valeriana officinalis belowground parts) and Rhizoma Zingiberis (Zingiber officinale roots). A French version of this publication is in preparation.