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Organic farming practices using EM-Technology in Malakand division- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.


The study investigates the efficacy of EM-Technology application through fermenter on fertilizers usage and irrigation of selected crops. Organic farming is the dire need of the day; to overcome the excessive use of chemical fertilizers alternative methods are adopted to decrease use of fertilizers. One of the techniques for organic farming is EM-Technology. EM-Technology is used in addition with animal manure and other organic wastes effectively in agriculture. The universe of the study was Malakand division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The EM-Technology using 128 farmers' data were gathered from the District Director Agriculture of six districts. Each farmer was interviewed face to face to collect accurate information of EM-Technology used through fermenter. Majority of the farmers 93.8% were provided the EM-Bioaab solution by extension department. The extension department provided training to 96.1% farmers on formation of Extended-Bioaab from Basic-Bioaab. The results of t-test show a highly significant difference in use of fertilizer and number of irrigations before and after EM technology application as P≤0.01. On average tomato crop showed a decline of 2.151 bags ha-1, 2.103 bags ha-1 in whereas 1.00 bags ha-1decline was observed in wheat. However, 1.685 decrease is recorded in onion while tomato and wheat showed a decrease of 1.509 and 1.200 in number of irrigations respectively. Farmers opined that FYM application through fermenter is easy and is equally distributed in the field. Results accomplish that decreasing trend was observed for all the crops regarding fertilizer usage and number of irrigations after using EM technology through fermenter. The study recommends the provision of information and awareness regarding EM technology to the farming communities to achieve the benefits of increased production, decrease in fertilizer usage and number of irrigations and to minimize environmental and health hazards.

Abstract details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Agricultural Extension Education and Communication, Faculty of Rural Social Sciences, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • ISSN
  • 0251-0480
  • Publisher information
  • Pakistan Agricultural Research Council Islamabad Pakistan
  • Record Number
  • 20220163064