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Rainfed rice fields in the Philippines is estimated to be around 30% of the total rice production area and produce about 4.5 M mt of rice annually. Although most breeding efforts in rice are focused on irrigated rice agroecosystems, development of new cultivars for rainfed lowland rice areas is...

Authors
Lalican, D. J.; Escamos, S. H.; Cayaban, E. B., Jr.; Bon, S. G.; Magnaye, A. M. M.; Malabanan-Bauan, K. B.; Hernandez, J. E.; Sta. Cruz, P. C.; Borromeo, T. H.; Sinohin, A. M.; Alzona, F. D.; Magsino, E. A.; Felix, A.
Publisher
Crop Science Society of the Philippines
Publication
Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 2017, 42, 2, pp 66-69

Onion is one of the most important and perhaps one of the oldest cultivated vegetable crop in all continents. In Pakistan, it is grown in different volumes and harvesting periods. Based on the latest United Nation's report, Pakistan ranks as the 8th country that produces the most onion. Onion is...

Authors
Neelma Munir; Nazish Hameed; Rukhama Haq; Shagufta Naz
Publisher
Crop Science Society of the Philippines
Publication
Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 2017, 42, 2, pp 61-65

In spite of being one of the major oilseed crops, little is known about genetic diversity and relationships between species of safflower. Genetic variation in twenty safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) accessions was characterized by means of agro-morphological traits, random amplified polymorphic...

Authors
Safavi, S. M.; Pourdad, S. S.; Safavi, S. A.
Publisher
Crop Science Society of the Philippines
Publication
Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 2017, 42, 2, pp 48-60

The extent of bio-oil production from pyrolysis of Nannochloropsis oculata was investigated at varying temperatures (400, 500, 600°C) and pressures (0, 50, 100 psig) to establish operating conditions that maximizes bio-oil yield. Results showed that bio-oil production is greatly dependent on...

Authors
Maguyon-Detras, M. C.; Capareda, S. C.
Publisher
Crop Science Society of the Philippines
Publication
Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 2017, 42, 2, pp 37-47

Determining the factors involved in yield variability due to genotype by environment (G × E) can be helpful when looking for sites with contrasting environments for effective multi-environment trials. In rice multi-environment trials however, limited information is available on the agroclimatic...

Authors
Makahiya, H. A. F.; Perdiguerra, K. N. C.; Marajas, I. R. M.; Edaño, M. L. S.; Hernandez, J. E.; Sta Cruz, P. C.
Publisher
Crop Science Society of the Philippines
Publication
Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 2017, 42, 2, pp 28-36

Two hundred recently collected traditional corn populations were characterized based on quantitative morpho-agronomic descriptors, aimed to assess the distribution and frequency of quantitative variation, determine the principal component of variation and similarity groupings of the collection....

Authors
Bon, S. G.; Huelgas, V. C.; Roxas, G. R.; Salazar, A. M.
Publisher
Crop Science Society of the Philippines
Publication
Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 2017, 42, 2, pp 10-27

Two members of the chalcone synthase (CHS) enzyme superfamily of type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) are CHS and resveratrol synthase, which synthesize flavonoids and resveratrol, respectively, and exhibit health and anti-fungal properties. This study aimed to clone, sequence and analyze partial...

Authors
Calumpang, C. L. F.; Laurena, A. C.
Publisher
Crop Science Society of the Philippines
Publication
Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 2017, 42, 2, pp 1-9

The study was conducted in six villages, Bogale Township in collaboration with IRRI gender expert by ACIAR program. The primary data were collected from totally 163 sample women from farm and landless households by personal interview using structured questionnaire in June 2015. The study aimed to...

Authors
Zin Mar Win; Theingi Myint; Thida Than; NyeinNyein Htwe
Publisher
Yezin Agricultural University
Publication
Journal of Agricultural Research, 2017, 4, 1, pp 173-179

The seed is the fundamental input for sustainable crop production and its quality forms the basis of high productivity. Therefore, farmers should replace periodically the seed with certified seed of formal agencies. However, lack of quality seed (certified seed) continues to be one of the greatest...

Authors
Zar Ni Hlaing; Nay Myo Aung; Cho Cho San
Publisher
Yezin Agricultural University
Publication
Journal of Agricultural Research, 2017, 4, 1, pp 166-172

This study was conducted to investigate the socio-economic characteristics, cost and return, marketing activities and supply chains of cabbage and cauliflower productions. The farm level survey and the market intermediary level survey were conducted to 50 each of cabbage and cauliflower growers and...

Authors
Shwe Yee Win Lei; Thida Than; Theingi Myint; Naw Moe Ae War
Publisher
Yezin Agricultural University
Publication
Journal of Agricultural Research, 2017, 4, 1, pp 160-165

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