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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Impacts to Wildlife

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems.

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use site/park (e.g., hours, days, seasons)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions at site/park (e.g., threatened/endangered species, habituation)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g., temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge/skills for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Limit group size

•     Prohibit recreation activities/uses with high impacts to wildlife (e.g., motorized uses)

•     Close site/park (e.g., temporarily, seasonally, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•     Zone site/park for lower use

•     Zone site/park for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and design visitor facilities (e.g., parking lots) and services accordingly

•     Make access to site/park more difficult (e.g., lower standard roads, trails, transit)

•     Improve access (e.g., higher standard roads, trails, transit) to alternative sites/parks

•     Eliminate attractions/facilities/services in problem site/park

•     Provide attractions/facilities/services in alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

•     Promote visitor behavior that will increase wildlife (e.g., don’t approach wildlife too closely)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

•     Require visitors to adopt behavior that will increase wildlife (e.g., visitors must not approach wildlife too closely)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for violating rules (e.g., approaching wildlife too closely)   

      

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improves access to new/alternative areas

•     Design facilities that will encourage increased wildlife presence (e.g., wildlife viewing blinds)

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote alternative times to use site (e.g., seasons when wildlife are not reproducing)

•     Promote resistant/hardened sites to concentrate use

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., no motorized uses)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., Leave No Trace program, no feeding wildlife)

•     Educate visitors about why selected behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., feeding wildlife leads to habituation)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations     

•     Prohibit high-impact uses (e.g., no motorized activities)

•     Prohibit high-impact behavior (e.g., no feeding wildlife, no walking through nesting areas)

•     Limit group size

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish the presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., feeding wildlife)

 

Zoning           

•     Zone area for low-impact uses only (e.g., no motorized uses)

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Provide facilities/services for low impact uses only (e.g. build blinds for watching wildlife)

•     Locate/concentrate facilities and services away from wildlife habitat

•     Design facilities and services to reduce impact (e.g., provide wildlife resistant trash cans)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., habituated, extirpated wildlife)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Not applicable

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Locate visitor attractions/facilities (e.g., trails, campsites) away from sensitive wildlife habitat

•     Develop facilities (e.g., wildlife blinds) to minimize disturbance of wildlife

•     Design facilities to concentrate use away from important wildlife habitat

•     Maintain and/or rehabilitate prime wildlife habitat

•     Close and rehabilitate impacted area

•     Maintain facilities to minimize impact (e.g., maintain wildlife exclosures)