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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Impacts to Trails

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative trails (e.g., within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use trails (e.g., hours, days, seasons)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions on trails (e.g., soil erosion, crowding)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for trail, trail system) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for trail, trail system) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for trail, trail system) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for trail, trail system) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for trail, trail system) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g., temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity (for trail, trail system) and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge/skills for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Close trail/trail system (temporarily, seasonally, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•     Zone trail/trail system for lower use

•     Zone trail/trail system for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Set capacity (for trail, trail system) and design visitor facilities (e.g., parking lots at trailheads) and services accordingly

•     Make access to trail/trail system more difficult (e.g., lower standard roads, trails, transit)

•     Improve access (e.g., higher standard roads, trails, transit) to alternative trails/trail systems (within park, other parks)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improves access to new/alternative areas

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative trails (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote alternative times to use trails (e.g., hours, days, seasons) to disperse use

•     Promote resistant/hardened trails to concentrate use

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions (e.g., resource impact, crowding)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., no mountain biking)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., do not walk off trail)

•     Educate visitors about why selected activities/behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., walking off trail can damage fragile vegetation)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations     

•     Prohibit high-impact uses (e.g., no pack stock)

•     Prohibit high-impact behavior (e.g., no walking off trail)

•     Limit group size

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., walking off trail)

 

Zoning           

•     Zone area for low-impact uses only (e.g., pedestrian use only)

•     Separate conflicting activities by spatial zoning (e.g., one trail for motorized activities and a different trail for non-motorized activities)

•     Separate conflicting activities by temporal zoning (hours, days, seasons) (e.g., a trail is zoned for motorized activities during one season and non-motorized activities during another season)

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance       

•     Provide facilities/services for low impact uses only (e.g., pedestrian use only)

•     Locate trails on impact-resistant sites (e.g., impact resistant soils and vegetation, away from sensitive wildlife habitat)

•     Design trails to minimize impact (e.g., use switchbacks on steep slopes, construct waterbars along trail, designate trail margins)

•     Maintain facilities to minimize impact (e.g., clean out waterbars regularly)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., resource degradation, crowding on trails)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations    

•     Not applicable

 

Law Enforcement               

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Locate trails in durable areas (e.g., soils that are resistant to compaction and erosion)

•     Develop facilities (e.g., boardwalks) to “shield” fragile resources

•     Design trails to concentrate use on naturally resistant or hardened areas

•     Maintain or rehabilitate impacted trails

•     Close and rehabilitate impacted trails

•     Maintain/repair damage to impacted trails

•     Clean/maintain trails regularly