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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Impacts to Soil

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems.

 

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g. within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use site/park (e.g. seasons when soil is not wet)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions at site/park (e.g. soil compaction, erosion)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g. temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge/skills for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Limit group size

•     Close site/park (e.g. temporarily, seasonally, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g. fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•      Zone site/park for lower use

•      Zone site/park for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•      Set capacity (for site, park) and design visitor facilities (e.g. parking lots at trailheads) and services accordingly

•      Make access to site/park more difficult (e.g. lower-standard roads, trails, transit)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improve access to new/alternative areas

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote alternative times to use site (e.g., seasons when soils are not wet)

•     Promote resistant/hardened sites to concentrate use

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., pedestrian use only, no motorized uses)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., Leave No Trace program, stay on designated trails)

•     Educate visitors about why selected behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., walking off-trail can compact fragile soil)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations     

•     Prohibit high-impact uses (e.g., no motorized activities)

•     Prohibit high-impact behavior (e.g., no walking off-trail)

•     Limit group size

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., walking off-trail)

 

Zoning        

•     Zone area for low-impact uses only (e.g., pedestrian use only)

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Provide facilities/services for low impact uses only (e.g., pedestrian use only)

•     Locate/concentrate facilities and services on impact-resistant soil

•     Design facilities and services to minimize impact (e.g., install waterbars along trail)

•     Maintain facilities to minimize impact (e.g., clear waterbars regularly)

Information/Education

•    Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., soil compaction, erosion)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•    Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•    Not applicable

 

Law Enforcement

•    Not applicable

 

Zoning

•    Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•    Locate visitor attractions/facilities (e.g., trails, campsites) on durable soils (e.g., soils that are resistant to compaction and erosion)

•    Develop facilities (e.g., rock steps, wooden boardwalks) to “shield” fragile soils

•    Design facilities to concentrate use on naturally resistant or hardened soils

•    Maintain and/or rehabilitate impacted locations (e.g., add soil cement to composted areas)

•    Close and rehabilitate impacted area

•    Maintain/repair damage to compacted and eroded soils