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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Impacts to Roads and Parking

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative roads/parking areas (e.g., within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use roads/parking areas (e.g., hours, days, seasons)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions (e.g., traffic congestion, lack of parking) on roads/parking areas

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for roads, parking areas) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for roads, parking areas) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for roads, parking areas) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for roads, parking areas) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for roads, parking areas) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g., temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity (for roads, parking areas) and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Limit group size

•     Close roads/parking areas (e.g., temporarily, seasonally, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•     Zone roads/parking areas for lower use

•     Zone roads/parking areas for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Set capacity (for road, parking areas) and design visitor facilities (e.g., parking lots) and services accordingly

•     Make access to road/parking area more difficult (e.g., lower standard roads, trails, transit)

•     Improve access (e.g., higher standard roads, trails, transit) to alternative roads/parking areas (within park, other parks)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improves access to new/alternative areas

Information/Education

•     Promote (e.g., ITS) alternative roads/parking lots (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote (e.g., ITS) alternative times to use roads/parking lots (e.g., hours, days, seasons) to disperse use

•     Promote (e.g., ITS) resistant/hardened roads/parking lots to concentrate use

•     Inform visitors (e.g., ITS) of current impacts/conditions (e.g., resource impact, congestion, lack of available parking)

•     Inform visitors (e.g., ITS) of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., no oversize vehicles)

•     Inform visitors (e.g., ITS) of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., respect speed limit, no unauthorized parking)

•     Educate visitors about why selected activities/behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., oversize vehicles cause excessive congestion, speeding endangers wildlife, unauthorized parking damages fragile soil and vegetation)

•     Promote (e.g., ITS) alternative transportation/public transit (e.g., biking, shuttle buses)

•     Educate visitors about advantages of alternative transportation/public transit (e.g., less congestion, less environmental impact, more convenient)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations     

•     Prohibit high-impact uses (e.g., oversize vehicles, private vehicles)

•     Prohibit high-impact behavior (e.g., no speeding, no unauthorized parking)

•     Institute a maximum length of stay in parking lots

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., oversize vehicles, speeding, unauthorized parking)

 

Zoning           

•     Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Zone area for low-impact uses only (e.g., passenger cars only, public transit)

•     Separate conflicting activities by spatial zoning (e.g., separate travel lane for bicycles)

•     Separate conflicting activities by temporal zoning (hours, days, seasons) (e.g., road closed to private vehicles and open to biking during selected hours)     

•     Provide facilities/services for low impact uses only (e.g., public transit)

•     Locate roads/parking lots on impact-resistant sites (e.g., impact resistant soils and vegetation, away from wildlife habitat)

•     Design roads/parking lots to minimize impact (e.g., locate roads in non-sensitive resource areas)

•     Maintain roads/parking lots to minimize impact (e.g., maintain the integrity of fencing around parking areas)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., resource degradation, congestion on roads and at parking lots)

 

Rationing/Allocation                  

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations                 

•     Not applicable

 

Law Enforcement                 

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Locate roads/parking lots in durable areas (e.g., soils that are resistant to compaction and erosion)

•     Develop facilities to “shield” fragile resources

•     Design roads/parking lots to concentrate use on naturally resistant or hardened areas

•     Maintain or rehabilitate impacted roads/parking lots

•     Close and rehabilitate impacted roads/parking lots

•     Maintain/repair damage to impacted roads/parking lots

•     Clean/maintain roads/parking lots regularly