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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Impacts to Natural Darkness

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative areas (e.g., within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use area (e.g., days, seasons)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions (e.g., light pollution/reduced visibility of stars)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g., temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge/skills for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Limit group size

•     Close site/park (e.g., temporarily, seasonally, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•     Zone site/park for lower use

•     Zone site/park for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Set capacity for site/park and design visitor facilities (e.g., parking lots) and services accordingly

•     Make access to site/park more difficult (e.g., lower standard roads, trails, transit)

•     Improve access (e.g., higher standard roads, trails, transit) to alternative sites/parks

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

•     Educate visitors about the importance of night skies

•     Promote visitor behavior designed to protect night sky viewing (e.g., no lights after 10:00 PM)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

•     Require visitors to adopt behaviors that protect night sky viewing (e.g., no lights after 10:00 PM)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish a uniformed ranger presence

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for behavior that degrades night sky viewing (e.g., using lights after 10:00 PM)

 

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

•     Zone areas for night sky viewing

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improves access to new/alternative areas

•     Design facilities and services that reduce light pollution (e.g., use lighting that minimizes glare)

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote alternative times to use site (e.g., days, seasons)

•     Promote selected sites to concentrate use

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., no motorized use requiring lights)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., minimize use of lights)

•     Educate visitors about why selected behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., some visitors enjoy looking at the night sky)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations     

•     Prohibit high-impact uses (e.g., no motorized use requiring lights after dark)

•     Prohibit high-impact behavior (e.g., unnecessary use of lights)

•     Require “lights out” time

•     Limit group size

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish the presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., using lights after “lights out” time)

 

Zoning

•     Zone area for dark sky           

•     Zone area for low-impact uses only (e.g., no campfires)

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Provide facilities/services for low impact uses only (e.g., no campfire interpretive programs)

•     Locate/concentrate facilities and services away from sensitive areas (e.g., popular/designated night sky viewing areas)

•     Design facilities and services to minimize impact (e.g., use of low-glow lights)

•     Maintain facilities to minimize impact (e.g., maintain downward orientation of park lighting)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., prevalence light pollution)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Not applicable

 

Law Enforcement                        

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Locate visitor attractions/facilities (e.g., trails, campsites) away from sensitive night sky areas

•     Develop/retrofit facilities (e.g., downward oriented lighting) to minimize light pollution

•     Design facilities to concentrate use in areas that are not night sky sensitive