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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Impacts to Historical/Cultural Resources

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems

Information/Education        

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use site/park (e.g., hours, days, seasons)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions at site/park (e.g., deterioration of historic buildings, loss of cultural artifacts)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g., temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge/skills for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Limit group size

•     Close site/park (e.g., temporarily, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•     Zone site/park for lower use

•     Zone site/park for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and design visitor facilities (e.g., parking lots) and services accordingly

•     Make access to site/park more difficult (e.g., lower standard roads, trails, transit)

•     Improve access (e.g., higher standard roads, trails, transit) to alternative sites (within park, other parks)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improves access to new/alternative areas 

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote alternative times to use site (e.g., hours, days, seasons)

•     Promote selected sites to concentrate use

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., do not take historical artifacts, no photography of sensitive art works)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., do not disturb/remove cultural artifacts)

•     Educate visitors about why selected behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., cultural artifacts are important to archeologists, visitors like to see cultural artifacts)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Prohibit high-impact uses (e.g., no rubbings of pictographs)

•     Prohibit high-impact behavior (e.g.,  no disturbance of cultural artifacts)

•     Limit group size

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish the presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., removing cultural artifacts)

 

Zoning           

•     Zone area for low-impact uses only (e.g., no large groups)

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Provide facilities/services for low impact uses only (e.g., set maximum group size)

•     Locate/concentrate facilities and services away from sensitive areas (e.g., archeological sites)

•     Design facilities and services to minimize impact (e.g., place cultural resources in protective cases)

•     Maintain facilities to minimize impact (e.g., maintain the integrity of barriers to keep visitors away from sensitive resources)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., missing artifacts)

 

Rationing/Allocation                            

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Not applicable

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Locate visitor attractions/facilities (e.g., trails, campsites) away from sensitive historical/cultural resources

•     Develop facilities (e.g., viewing platforms, walkways) to “shield” sensitive historical/cultural resources

•     Design facilities to concentrate use on naturally resistant or hardened historical/cultural resources

•     Stabilize/reconstruct sensitive historical/cultural resources

•     Maintain/repair damage to sensitive historical/cultural resources