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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Crowding

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use site/park (e.g., hours, days, seasons)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions at site/park (e.g., crowding)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g., temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge/skills for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Limit group size

•     Prohibit selected activities/uses (e.g., activities/uses with high resource and/or social impacts)

•     Close site/park (e.g., temporally, seasonally, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•     Zone site/park for lower use

•     Zone site/park for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and design visitor facilities (e.g., parking lots) and services accordingly

•     Make access to site/park more difficult (e.g., lower standard roads, trails, transit)

•     Improve access (e.g., higher standard roads, trails, transit) to alternative sites (within park, other parks)

•     Eliminate attractions/facilities/services at problem site/park

•     Provide attractions/facilities/services at alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improves access to new/alternative areas

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote alternative times to use site (e.g., hours, days, seasons) to disperse use

•     Promote sites (e.g., attraction sites) that are designed to accommodate large numbers of visitors

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., no motorized use, no stock use, no pets, no large groups)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., no boisterous behavior, dogs must be on leash)

•     Educate visitors about why selected activities/behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., some visitors are searching for solitude, large groups tend to increase perceived crowding)

•     Inform visitors of existing impacts/conditions (e.g., crowding)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations     

•     Prohibit recreation activities that tend to minimize crowding  (e.g., commercial tours)

•     Prohibit behavior that tends to exacerbate crowding (e.g., boisterous behavior)

•     Limit group size

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish the presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., boisterous behavior)

 

Zoning           

•     Zone area for recreation activities that tend to minimize crowding (e.g., pedestrian activities)

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Provide facilities/services only for recreation activities that tend to minimize crowding (e.g., pedestrian activities)

•     Locate/concentrate facilities and services away from areas designed to provide opportunities for solitude (e.g., wilderness areas)

•     Design facilities and services to minimize crowding (e.g., provide adequate restrooms)

•     Maintain facilities to minimize crowding (e.g., remove litter regularly)

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., crowding at attraction sites)

•     Encourage visitors to wear clothing and use equipment that blends with the environment

•     Educate visitors about how to avoid conflict with other groups (e.g., no boisterous behavior)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set limit on amount of use

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Regulate use levels

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish a uniformed presence to enforce use limit

•     Establish a uniformed presence to reduce conflict among visitors

 

Zoning      

•     Separate conflicting uses spatially or temporally

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Develop additional facilities/services (e.g., trails, attration sites) to disperse use

•     Maintain high environmental quality