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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment
Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Managing Outdoor Recreation, 2nd Edition

Problem: Impacts to Air

 
Which of the following management strategies would you like to apply to help solve this problem?

 

Select one of the four strategies to see management practices that might be used to solve your problem. Under each of the practices you will see all of the management actions listed in the book's appendices.

 

Or return to problems.

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks)

•     Promote alternative times to use site/park (e.g., seasons)

•     Inform visitors of current impacts/conditions at site/park (e.g., polluted air)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by reservation system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by queuing system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by fee system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by lottery system

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and allocate access by merit system

•     Implement differential fee system (e.g., temporally, spatially)

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and require a use permit

•     Require a reservation for entry/use

•     Require a fee for entry/use

•     Require special knowledge/skills for entry/use

•     Institute a maximum length of stay

•     Limit group size

•     Close site/park (e.g., temporarily, seasonally, permanently)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Require visitors to show a use permit

•     Sanction (e.g., fine) visitors for unauthorized use

 

Zoning

•     Zone site/park for lower use

•     Zone site/park for no use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Set capacity (for site, park) and design visitor facilities (e.g., parking lots) and services accordingly

•     Make access to site/park more difficult (e.g., lower standard roads, trails, transit)

•     Improve access (e.g., higher standard roads, trails, transit) to alternative sites/parks

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of the range of recreation areas and opportunities available

•     Promote use of low-use areas

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Extend time that area is open to visitor use (hours, days, seasons)

 

Law Enforcement

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Zone alternative areas for higher use

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Improve attractions, facilities, services in alternative areas

•     Develop attractions, facilities, services in new areas

•     Improves access to new/alternative areas

Information/Education

•     Promote alternative sites (e.g., within park, other parks) to disperse use

•     Promote alternative times to use site (e.g., when atmospheric inversions are less likely)

•     Promote resistant/hardened sites to concentrate use (e.g., sites that are less subject to atmospheric inversions)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable recreation activities (e.g., no motorized uses)

•     Inform visitors of acceptable and unacceptable behavior (e.g., no campfires)

•     Educate visitors about why selected behaviors are unacceptable (e.g., campfires can cause air pollution)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations     

•     Prohibit high-impact uses (e.g., no motorized activities)

•     Prohibit high-impact behavior (e.g., no campfires)

•     Limit group size

 

Law Enforcement

•     Establish presence of a uniformed ranger

•     Sanction (e.g., warn, fine) visitors for inappropriate use/behavior (e.g., campfires when prohibited)

 

Zoning           

•     Zone area for low-impact uses only (e.g., no motorized uses)

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Provide facilities/services for low impact uses only (e.g. pedestrian use only)

•     Locate/concentrate facilities and services away from sites susceptible to air pollution

•     Design facilities and services to minimize impact (e.g, provide no fire grates at campsites)

•     Maintain facilities to minimize impact (e.g., clear campground of down wood to discourage campfires)   

Information/Education

•     Inform visitors of current conditions (i.e., air pollution)

 

Rationing/Allocation

•     Not applicable

 

Rules/Regulations

•     Not applicable

 

Law Enforcement                                       

•     Not applicable

 

Zoning

•     Not applicable

 

Facility Development/Site Design/Maintenance

•     Locate visitor attractions/facilities (e.g., trails, campsites) away from areas susceptible to air pollution

•     Close areas susceptible to air pollution

•     Remove firegrates from campsites

•     Remove evidence of campfires