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Abstract

The relationship between infections and autoimmune diseases is complex and there are several reports highlighting the role of human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) in these patients. The levels of multiple sclerosis-associated retrovirus (MSRV)-type DNA of Env gene was measured in peripheral blood...

Author(s)
Mostafa, A.; Jalilvand, S.; Shoja, Z.; Nejati, A.; Shahmahmoodi, S.; Sahraian, M. A.; Marashi, S. M.
Publisher
Wiley, Hoboken, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Virology, 2017, 89, 7, pp 1309-1313
AbstractFull Text

Background: In recent decades, much interest has been focused on investigating new roles of vitamin D in human body beyond the mineral-ion homeostasis. Methods: By searching medical databases such as PubMed, over 16000 articles were found which have been published since 2000 on novel aspects of ...

Author(s)
Amani, R.; Sharifi, N.
Publisher
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Citation
Journal of Nutrition and Food Security, 2017, 2, 3, pp 231-234
AbstractFull Text

Background: Celiac disease (CD), as an autoimmune disease has initiated since ingestion of food containing gluten. Constant intolerance to gluten causes damages of the small intestinal mucosa. One reason of mal-absorption in children and infants is CD. Additionally, about 75% of newly identified...

Author(s)
Parast, V. M.; Paknahad, Z.
Publisher
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Citation
Journal of Nutrition and Food Security, 2017, 2, 1, pp 127-134
Abstract

Pregnancy represents a time of rapid change, including dramatic shifts in vitamin D metabolism. Circulating concentrations of the active form of vitamin D - 1,25(OH)2D skyrocket early in pregnancy to levels that would be toxic to a nonpregnant adult, signaling a decoupling of vitamin D from the...

Author(s)
Hollis, B. W.; Wagner, C. L.
Publisher
Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Shannon, Irish Republic
Citation
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 2017, 453, pp 113-130
Abstract

Vitamin D (VitD) is a hormone primarily synthesized in human skin under the stimulation of ultraviolet radiation. Beyond its endocrine role in bone metabolism, VitD is endowed with remarkable immunomodulatory properties. The effects of VitD on the immune system include the enhancement of...

Author(s)
Ishikawa, L. L. W.; Colavite, P. M.; Fraga-Silva, T. F. de C.; Mimura, L. A. N.; França, T. G. D.; Zorzella-Pezavento, S. F. G.; Chiuso-Minicucci, F.; Marcolino, L. D.; Penitenti, M.; Ikoma, M. R. V.; Sartori, A.
Publisher
Springer US, Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, 2017, 52, 3, pp 373-388
Abstract

Background: Low vitamin D status is associated with autoimmune thyroid disease. Oral vitamin D supplementation was found to reduce titers of thyroid antibodies in levothyroxine-treated women with postpartum thyroiditis and low vitamin D status. Methods: The study included 34 women with Hashimoto's...

Author(s)
Krysiak, R.; Szkróbka, W.; Okopień, B.
Publisher
Georg Thieme Verlag KG, Stuttgart, Germany
Citation
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes, 2017, 125, 4, pp 229-233
Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and pro-inflammatory cytokines have been believed to be involved in the etiopathogenesis of the disease. The aim of the study was to determine the correlation of inflammatory cytokines with...

Author(s)
Mateen, S.; Moin, S.; Shahzad, S.; Khan, A. Q.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 6, pp e0178879
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in T helper cell sub-types and osteoclast (OCs) precursors in peripheral blood between patients affected by early rheumatoid arthritis (eRA) and healthy controls. The effect of administration of cholecalcipherol on clinical and laboratory parameters ...

Author(s)
Buondonno, I.; Rovera, G.; Sassi, F.; Rigoni, M. M.; Lomater, C.; Parisi, S.; Pellerito, R.; Isaia, G. C.; D'Amelio, P.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 6, pp e0178463
Abstract

Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression levels of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and NF-κB mRNAs in vitamin D (VD) supplemented multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Methods: RRMS patients received 50,000 IU vitamin D3/week as an intra-muscular injection for 2 months....

Author(s)
Shirvani-Farsani, Z.; Kakhki, M. P.; Gargari, B. N.; Doosti, R.; Moghadasi, A. N.; Azimi, A. R.; Behmanesh, M.
Publisher
Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd., Shannon, Irish Republic
Citation
Neuroscience Letters, 2017, 653, pp 258-263
Abstract

The development of autoimmunity and/or autoimmune diseases is multifactorial. Vitamin D is one of the factors that might play a role. We postulated that both the presence of adjuvants and insufficient levels of vitamin D may result in the development of autoimmunity in patients with ...

Author(s)
Colaris, M. J. L.; Hulst, R. R. van der; Tervaert, J. W. C.
Publisher
Springer-Verlag, Godalming, UK
Citation
Clinical Rheumatology, 2017, 36, 5, pp 981-993

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