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Datasheet

Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 13 September 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Balanites aegyptiaca
  • Preferred Common Name
  • simple-thorned torchwood
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); tree habit.
TitleTree habit
CaptionBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); tree habit.
Copyright©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); tree habit.
Tree habitBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); tree habit.©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); bark.
TitleBark
CaptionBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); bark.
Copyright©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); bark.
BarkBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); bark.©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); twigs with leaves and seperate fruit.
TitleLeaves and fruit
CaptionBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); twigs with leaves and seperate fruit.
Copyright©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)
Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); twigs with leaves and seperate fruit.
Leaves and fruitBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); twigs with leaves and seperate fruit.©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF)

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile

Preferred Common Name

  • simple-thorned torchwood

Other Scientific Names

  • Agialid membranacea Tieghem
  • Agialid abyssinica Tieghem
  • Agialid aegyptiaca (L.) Adason
  • Agialid aegyptiaca (L.) O. Kuntze
  • Agialid barteri van Tieghem
  • Agialid chevalieri Tieghem
  • Agialid cuneifolia (Poiret) Tieghem
  • Agialid ferox Tieghem
  • Agialid glomerata Tieghem
  • Agialid latifolia Tieghem
  • Agialid nigra Tieghem
  • Agialid palestinica Tieghem
  • Agialid schimperi Tieghem
  • Agialid senegalensis van Tieghem
  • Agialid tombouctensis van Tieghem
  • Balanites ferox (Poir.) G. Don
  • Balanites fischeri Mildbr. & Schltr.
  • Balanites horrida Mildbr. & Schltr.
  • Balanites latifolia (Tieghem) Chiov.
  • Balanites quarrei De Wild.
  • Balanites racemosa Chiov.
  • Balanites roxburghii
  • Balanites tomentosa Mildbr. & Schltr.
  • Balanites ziziphoides Mildbr. & Schltr.
  • Ximenia aegyptiaca L.
  • Ximenia agihalid Miller
  • Ximenia ferox Poir.

International Common Names

  • French: dattier du desert; dattier sauvage; myrobalou d'Egypte
  • English: desert date; Egyptian balsam; Jericho balsam; lalob tree; soap berry tree; thorn tree; torch wood
  • Arabic: hadjilidge; heglig; hejlij; zacon

Local Common Names

  • Curaçao: corona de Jesus; lamunch; shimaron
  • Eritrea: kog
  • Germany: Zachunbaum
  • Ghana: gungu
  • India: betu; hingotia; lalo; zachun
  • Italy: dattero deserto
  • Kenya: mjunju
  • Mali: taborak
  • Niger: garbey; murotanki; taborak
  • Nigeria: aduwa; cingo; cungo
  • Senegal: segire; serene; sumpo
  • Sudan: heglig; shashob
  • Tanzania: mkonga
  • Uganda: mutete
  • Zimbabwe: muvambangoma

EPPO code

  • BALAE (Balanites aegyptiaca)

Trade name

  • betu
  • betu oil
  • desert date
  • Egyptian myrobalan
  • lalob
  • lugba
  • zachun oil

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Geraniales
  •                         Family: Balanitaceae
  •                             Genus: Balanites
  •                                 Species: Balanites aegyptiaca

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

Human food and beverage

  • Fruits

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Pesticide
  • Rubber/latex
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Crates

Furniture

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Posts
  • Roundwood structures

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • For light construction
  • Gates
  • Wall panelling

Woodware

  • Brushes
  • Cutlery
  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Musical instruments
  • Tool handles
  • Toys
  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings