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Datasheet

Texas

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Texas
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 695,670
  • Capital: Austin
  • Part of: USA
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)Absent, unreliable recordMcCoy et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO &, 1998a; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentDavis et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentBlack et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiPresentFrelier et al., 1992
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)WidespreadNativeYesFrench-Monar et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2011; Munyaneza, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentNAPPO, 2012; Alabi et al., 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2012; NAPPO, 2013; Alabi et al., 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentNAPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)WidespreadHewitt, 1958; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentPlakidas, 1957; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al., 1998; Isakeit et al., 1998; Alderman et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentIntroducedVelásquez-Valle et al., 1998
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)WidespreadNativeYesAnon, 1960
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentNAPPO, 2010a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)WidespreadNativeNolen, 1926; Hunter & Payne, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)PresentDwinell et al., 1985; Barrows-Broaddus, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentNativeThompson, 1941; Anon., 1960; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedYesSinclair & Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentIntroducedYesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYes; Tullis, 1936; Kulik, 1975
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Restricted distributionNativeMason, 1969; USDA Forest Service, 2000
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentFreeman & Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)EradicatedIMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentGaertner et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedYesHartman, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentAnderson, 1954; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)PresentNAPPO, 2016b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentSchuster & Boling, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentAnon, 1981; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentNativeYesDavidson et al., 2008; Henry & McLaughlin, 1975; Kaplan, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Stone, 1942a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Transient: actionable, under eradicationCABI/EPPO, 2001; Stone, 1942; Foote et al., 1993; NAPPO, 2012; NAPPO, 2013; NAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)EradicatedStone, 1942; Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, few occurrencesStone, 1942a; Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentStone, 1942; Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)WidespreadFuchs & Minzenmayer, 1990; Carroll et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentSteinkraus et al., 1991; Steinkraus et al., 1993; UK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedYesHunter et al., 1993; Kim & Oguro, 1999; Coulson et al., 2005; USDA, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)WidespreadNativeYesMunyaneza et al., 2007a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/Brown et al., 1995a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedAppel & Tucker, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC), 2001; Tavares, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)EradicatedIntroducedYesGasparich et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentNativeMcDaniel, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentNakahara, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusWidespreadNativeDando & Southward, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentParajulee & Slosser, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedYesBeal, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedHeinrich , 1921
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWeesner, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedYesDarsie & Ward, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentJansson et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziWidespreadIntroducedYesSorensen & Sterner, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)Restricted distributionNativeYesOllieu et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)PresentKrysan & Smith, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentIntroducedWebster & Amosson, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentIntroducedBurrack et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNAPPO, 2010b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)LocalisedIntroducedCarriere, 1982; Meyerdirk & Hart, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedYesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNakahara, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)PresentNativeTriapitsyn & Phillips, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Jacques, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesSuarez et al., 2001; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentSpencer &, 1986; EPPO, 2014; Spencer, 1973a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentKuschel, 1951; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Restricted distributionHigh, 1939; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedRosenberry , 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentVan Duzee, 1917; Metcalf & Bruner, 1948; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentHendrix Showers, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)PresentBurke et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentDrees & Rice, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug)PresentNativeKosztarab, 1996; Masner et al., 2004; Miller, 2005; Ferris, 1950; BenDov, 1994; McDaniel, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish)PresentNativeTaylor et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedYesHaack, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentStodola et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentO'Brien & Wibmer, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentBen-Dov et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentBeasley & Adams, 1995; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesFuchs et al., 1991; Ben-Dov, 1994; Miller, 2005; McDaniel, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4); Müller, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedHaack, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentMeyerdirk et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadPlapp et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)PresentNAPIS, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentNativeTaylor et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentNativeHuner , 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentNativeIIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedYesEFETAC, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, few occurrencesNativeFoote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)PresentFoote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadIntroducedGassmann & Kok, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedWilliams, 1984; Keith, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; Giblin, 1990; NAPPO, 2012; Esparza-Díaz et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentArthur et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentNativeSong, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentIntroducedHoltz, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentVaurie, 1971; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)LocalisedKnutson et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentCogburn & Vick, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeMorrison et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Anon., 1999a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedCook et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedYesHaack, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; Bambara & Casey, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)PresentIntroducedYesCognato et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa aestivalis (blueback herring)EradicatedIntroducedGuest & Drenner, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife)Unconfirmed recordBean, 1882
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)LocalisedIntroducedWhiteside & Berkhouse, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)LocalisedIntroducedHubbs et al., 1991; Rasmussen, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentNativeHubbs & et al. , 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisWidespreadNativeScott & Crossman, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)WidespreadIntroducedGray, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)WidespreadIntroducedUSGS NAS, 2014; Howells, 1992; Texas Parks Wildlife Department, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedBarron, 1964; Howells, 1992; Hubbs et al., 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)LocalisedNativeGates et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadNativeMowbray et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiLocalisedNativeAbraham, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNRC, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentNativeNatureServe, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)WidespreadIntroducedFeldhamer & Demarais, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentNativeVan Dijk, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner)WidespreadNativeMatthews, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)EradicatedIntroducedYesDobie, 1952; National Park Service (NPS), 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid)WidespreadNativePage & Burr, 1991; Froese & Pauly, 2015; Hubbs et al., 1978; Nico et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2014; Bartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus furcatus (blue catfish)PresentNativeEtnier & Starnes, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedLee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedMeshaka et al., 2004; Wikipedia, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentNativeNatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth)PresentNativeUSGS, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)WidespreadNativeFuller et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedTovey et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentFuller et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentNativeLarivière, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNotropis stramineusPresentNatureServe, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)LocalisedNativeFeldhamer et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedFuller, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedUloth, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)PresentIntroducedUSGS, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedeBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentUSGS, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)WidespreadPage & Burr, 1991; Hubbs et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisWidespreadIntroducedYesLambert et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentIntroducedUSGS, 2016; Moyle & Randall, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentIntroducedUSGS, 2016; Waldrip, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)WidespreadNativeGehrt, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentSheehey & Mansfield, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentNativeNatureServe, 2005; Kraus, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye)LocalisedIntroducedRasmussen, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentNativeSimmons & Breuer, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)LocalisedNativeFrey & Campbell, 1997; Frey et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesNatureServe, 2013; Barrett & Birmingham, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedEdwards, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeMarti et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedCourtenay et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesDavis, 1980; McClung et al., 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesCounts, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedYesCFIA, 2014; Roberson & Moorhead, 1999; Taylor, 1914; Grimm et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedRoels et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)WidespreadNativeKennedy et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)PresentTunnell & Chaney, 1970; Walne, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeWhite-McLean & Redford, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)LocalisedIntroducedBenson et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedTexas Invasive Species Institute, 2004; Pilsbry, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentIntroducedHowells et al., 2006; Rawlings et al., 2007; Howells, 2001; Karatayev et al., 2009; Cowie & Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014; Horne et al., 1992; Neck, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadIntroducedYesMurray, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, invalid recordIntroducedNeck & Schultz, 1992; Neck, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadIntroducedYesRawlings et al., 2007; Byers et al., 2013; Teem et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedYesJohnson et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentAtkins & Todd, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentChristie, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentWalters et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentSzalanski et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentWheeler et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadTaylor et al., 1982; Walters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadWalters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadGodfrey, 1947; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedYesBean et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesRoelke et al., 2010; Tomas et al., 2004; Dawson et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeYesRicherson & Grigarick, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)LocalisedIntroducedDiggs & Lipscomb, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Diggs & George, 2006; Aplaca, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHultén & Fries, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedYesBillings, 2005; Nesom, 2009; Soxman, 1939
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentIntroducedYesUSGS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeTaylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedYesLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentNativeRosario, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentUSDA-NRCS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesFeret, 1985; Shah, 1997; Westbrooks , 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentIntroducedYesZimmerman, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedCoulson, 1977; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentGraham et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentCorrell & Johnston, 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; Hannick et al., 2013; Mosyakin & Robertson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Strother, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)WidespreadNativeBritton & Brown, 1936
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Strother, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedHatch et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe)Indigenous, localizedNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium vaginatum (southwestern dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedNiu et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedOwnbey, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2011; Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentMcCully & Wiese, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)WidespreadNativeYesHatch et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Collins & Blackwell, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)WidespreadIntroducedYesHatch et al., 1990; Welsh et al., 1987; Turner et al., 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2014; Hannick et al., 2013; Texas Invasives, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedWalker et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedYesSt John , 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedHitchcock, 1950; Kearney & Peebles, 1951; Gould, 1951; CalEPPC, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentIntroducedHatch et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesDunn, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedYesTexasinvasives.org, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedYesFlanders et al., 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadWesterdahl & Getsinger, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedMitich, 1998; O'Kennon & Nesom, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedNesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentEastin, 1973; Palmer, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)WidespreadNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Aplaca, 2010; Correll, 1966; Graham, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)LocalisedIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009; USDA-NPAG, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentGrichar et al., 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedHatch et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentAnon, 1997a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; Chenault et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentFernald, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedJones et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedYesKartesz, 2016; TexasInvasives.org, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadWesterdahl & Getsinger, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Restricted distributionIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedYesCorrell & Johnston, 1970; Barkworth et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Peterson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Nesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)WidespreadIntroducedYesCheater, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; Gilman, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)LocalisedIntroducedRosen et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedDiscover Life, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentNativeIsely , 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)LocalisedIntroducedYesAllen et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus ciliaris (Texas blueweed)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Fernald, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Pitts, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; Pieterse, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)LocalisedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedUSGS, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedBarkworth et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Absent, unreliable recordUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedHatch et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentAnderson, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedYesEDDMapS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesHughes, 1998b; Hughes, 1998a; ILDIS, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedJohnston, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedTexas Invasives, 2008; US Forest Service, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedvan & Auken Bush, 1990; Hitchchock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)LocalisedIntroducedYesTexas Invasives, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedDray et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedAnon, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)LocalisedIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentIntroducedCenter & Kipker, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO, 2014; Kley & Hine, 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2007; Owens et al., 2004; Turner et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedSantha et al., 1994; Owens et al., 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)WidespreadIntroducedYesTexasInvasivesorg, 2013; GBIF, 2013; Stone, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedCorrell & Johnston, 1970; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentNativeYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)LocalisedIntroducedEplee et al., 1994; USDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentSmith, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)LocalisedIntroducedYesBrown, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentMcClay et al., 1995; Castex et al., 1940; Mahadevappa, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentHitchcock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Chase, 1929; Gould, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Loflin & Loflin, 2006; Texasinvasives.org, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentBONAP, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeHatch et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedHarrison et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadIntroducedYesWehtje et al., 1992; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)WidespreadIntroducedYesTexasinvasives, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)WidespreadNativeHatch et al., 1990; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedLohrey & Kossuth, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentIntroducedRichardson & King, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Lorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedZimmerman, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; Torrey & Gray, 1840
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)WidespreadNativeYesBurkart, 1976; Johnston, 1962; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesFelker et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWutscher & Shull, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)WidespreadIntroducedYesvan der Maesen, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedJones and Wipff, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedYesWestbrooks , 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, &, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)WidespreadLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)LocalisedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Hitchcock, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009; Britton & Brown, 1947; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)Unconfirmed recordUSDA-NRCS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentUSDA-NRCS &, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)WidespreadNativeYesBoyd et al., 1984; Robinson et al., 1978; Stubblefield & Sosebee, 1984; USDA-NRCS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Whalen, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)LocalisedIntroducedMedal et al., 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisLocalisedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Indigenous, localizedUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentNativeYesGoranson et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Barkworth, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014; NatureServe, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Restricted distributionIntroducedBaum, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk)WidespreadIntroducedYesBaum, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)WidespreadIntroducedYesBaum, 1967; Crins, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesBaum, 1967; USDA-NRCS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesBaum, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)WidespreadIntroducedYesBaum, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedFarr et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentAnderson, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedYesHatch, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentFlora, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedLes et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)LocalisedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; GBIF, 2015; Small, 1903
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViguiera dentata (sunflower goldeneye)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedHoward, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)LocalisedIntroducedKartesz, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Widespread
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirusWidespreadDubose, 1965; Clark et al., 1988; Docherty et al., 1991; Wilson & Crawford, 1988
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5PresentTristan et al., 2010
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentKline & Anderson, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; Kao et al., 2000
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentIntroducedYesMiller et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresent, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2014; Kessler, 1979
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentLeisy et al., 1979; Toler, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentMiller, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentEPPO, 2014
Virusrabies virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentIsakeit et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentDhar et al., 2010
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)WidespreadIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2005; Burrows et al., 2009

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosisWidespreadWaldrup et al., 1989
anguillicolosisPresentIntroducedYesJohnson et al., 1995
anthraxPresentFAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
avian influenzaLast reported 2004OIE, 2004b
avipoxWidespreadDubose, 1965; Clark et al., 1988; Docherty et al., 1991; Wilson & Crawford, 1988
babesiosisPresentWaldrup et al., 1989
bluetongueWidespreadPrice & Hardy, 1954; Tomori et al., 1992; Pearson et al., 1992
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedYesBean et al., 2007
ChytridiomycosisPresentGaertner et al., 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentUSDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1997; USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1999
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentTristan et al., 2010
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno, 1999
malignant catarrhal feverPresentClark et al., 1970
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisPresentFrelier et al., 1992
paratuberculosisPresentMerkal et al., 1987
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentDabo et al., 1999; Lu et al., 1983
Q feverPresentKazemy, 2000
rabiesWidespreadKrebs et al., 1999
Taura syndromePresentDhar et al., 2010
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentKuttler & Craig, 1975; Uilenberg et al., 1985; Chae et al., 1998
tuberculosisLocalisedWhipple et al., 1997
tularaemiaPresentLindley et al., 2002; Avashia et al., 2004
vesicular stomatitisPresentJenney et al., 1984; Bridges et al., 1997; Acree, 1964
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome)PresentIntroducedYesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file