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Datasheet

Hawaii

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Hawaii
  • General data
  • Region: Oceania
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Honolulu
  • Part of: USA
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativeUchida & Aragaki, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesMeredith & Lawrence, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedYesRaabe et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentBega et al., 1978
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentHernández, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)WidespreadIntroducedYesUchida et al., 2006; Uchida & Loope, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Anderson, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadIntroducedBeard & O'Neill, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedHove & Weerdenburg, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentHoldaway, 1940; Schmidt, 1943; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)WidespreadIntroducedYesCIE, 1981; Mau & Kessing, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentIntroducedYesFERA, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentMurdoch et al., 1990; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentAnon, 1981; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedBorowiec et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentNativeYesKaplan, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, never occurredLingafelter & Hoebeke, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentHeu, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2000; ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesDrew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentLiquido et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)WidespreadBrown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/Costa et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedITIS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedStreets, 1877
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2007; Perez Hidalgo et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesGasparich et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedEdmondson, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)PresentNativeEdmondson, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; Heu, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Heu, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusLocalisedIntroducedYesSouthward et al., 1998; Southward et al., 1998; Zabin, 2005; Zabin et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentLeong et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesSwezey, 1914; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesFullaway, 1921
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedYesDarsie & Ward, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; Sherman & Tamashiro, 1954; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentBorchsenius, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)WidespreadIntroducedYesNAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentHu et al., 2009; García et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentIntroducedHeie, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedYesCarter, 1984; UK CAB International, 1992; Higgins, 1917; EPPO, 2014; NHM, 1937
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentNakao & Funasaki, 1974; Anon., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)PresentIntroducedAlm et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesNagamine & Heu, 2001; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976; Mitchell & Ironside, 1982; Williams & Greathead, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))WidespreadMerrill, 1953; Beardsley, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedAsakura & Watanabe, 2005; Edmondson, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentNapompeth, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)PresentIntroducedNicosia & Lavalli , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedGerman-Ramirez et al., 2014; Hodges & Hodges, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Transient: actionable, under eradicationNAPPO, 2010; Burbano et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBooth et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesWilson & Taylor, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, invalid recordIPPC, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentSpencer &, 1986; EPPO, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014; Spencer, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentBuchanan, 1937; Morrone, 1993; Pemberton, 1947; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedRosenberry , 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesWilliams, 1996; Kairo et al., 2000; Heu, 2002; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedFujimara, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)LocalisedIntroducedYesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006; Gertsch, 1973; Kielhorn, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadJones & Caprio, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)WidespreadBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentGagne & Stein, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedYesDavis & Pena, 1990; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Transient: actionable, under eradicationNAPPO, 2014; Hawaii Department of Agriculture, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentAnon, 1976; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentMuniappan, 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentKirkaldy, 1902
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM Collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Introduced, establishment uncertainIntroducedDIAS, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesSmith, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedYesAnon, 1978; Nakao et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentHansen et al., 1992a; Hata & Hara, 1992; Hansen et al., 1992b; Zimmerman, 1948; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentTabashnik et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHuner , 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentIntroducedBorchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014; Wood, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentTokihiro, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesHata & Hara, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedJones, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)WidespreadIntroducedYesHawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources et al., 2008; Bianchi, 1964; Bowler & et al. 1975, publ., 1977; Latchininsky, 2008; Bianchi & Kajiwara, 1966; Starr et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentZimmerman, 1941; EPPO, 2014; Vaurie, 1941
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentIntroducedYesDavis, 1959; Davis, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentIntroducedYesDavis & Krauss, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (flower fly)WidespreadIntroducedGrimshaw, 1901; Hardy, 1964; Howard, 1901; Hull, 1937; Starr et al., 2006; Thompson, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeEastop, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003; NHM, 1945
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeAvila & Goff, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentIntroducedYesHeu & Kumashiro, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentRutherford, 1914; Pope, 1929; Firman, 1982; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)WidespreadIntroducedYesClagg, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentJohnson, 1986; Welter et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLynch & Johnson, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedUniversity of Hawaii Honeybee Project, 2014; Danka et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)PresentIntroducedYesGambino & Loope, 1992; Gambino et al., 1990; Ikeda, 1981; Matayoshi, 1981; Miyahara, 1981; Nakahara, 1980; Williams, 1927; Williams, 1937
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisAbsent, formerly presentIntroducedWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedCognato & Rubinoff, 2008; Cognato & Rubinoff, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedCognato & Rubinoff, 2008; Samuelson, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)LocalisedIntroducedYamamoto & Tagawa, 2000; Devick, 1991; Devick, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Yamamoto, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedMaciolek, 1984; USGS NAS, 2014; Devick, 1991a; Devick, 1991b; Morita, 1981; Shima, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, few occurrencesNativeMowbray et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, few occurrencesNativeBanks et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)EradicatedIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentIntroducedYesPratt et al., 1987; Hamao, 2014; Nelson et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)WidespreadIntroducedShafland, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedOlson et al., 2012; Olson et al., 2012; Ferreira et al., 2015; Kraus et al., 1999; Kraus & Campbell, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeHeemstra & Randall, 1993; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedYesGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYamamoto , 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesSeale, 1905
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)WidespreadIntroducedAvibase, 2015; Alien Species in Hawaii, 1999; eBird, 2015; Kawakami & Yamaguchi, 2004; Lever, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)PresentIntroducedUSGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedNico, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedBrock , 1960; Froese & Pauly, 2004; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedHawaii Department of Agriculture, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedIntroducedLever, 2010; eBird, 2015; Global Invasive Species Database, 2008; Ralph et al., 1998; Male et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedNatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)WidespreadIntroducedYamamoto, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedFraguglione, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadIntroducedAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; USGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)WidespreadIntroducedFuller et al., 1999; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Maciolek, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedYamamoto , 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentIntroducedYesFishbase, 2004; Fuller et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)LocalisedIntroducedYesHess, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedYamamoto, 1992; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Fuller, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Restricted distributionIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedYesUloth, 1972; Giffin, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKraus & Cravalho, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadIntroducedLever, 2005; Clements et al., 2014; Qu et al., 2009; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)WidespreadIntroducedDevick, 1991; USGS NAS, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007; Maciolek, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentIntroducedYesAbbot et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSheehey & Mansfield, 2009; Sibley & Monroe, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)LocalisedIntroducedISSG, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Lannoo, 2005; McKercher & Gregoire, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentDunlevy et al., 2000; Shiels et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Tobin & Sugihara, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedMaciolek, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesBarrett & Birmingham, 2005; Rusz, 2007; SPREP, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedYamamoto, 1992; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)WidespreadIntroducedYesKraus, 2009; Holland et al., 2010; Kraus et al., 2012; Hagey et al., 2010; McKeown, 1991; McKeown, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadIntroducedKlavitter, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiWidespreadIntroducedYesMaciolek, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedYesEnglund, 1999; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCarijoa riisei (branched pipe coral)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesCooke, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)Absent, formerly presentYesScott, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesCounts, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesCowie, 1996; Kondo, 1956; Nakahara, 1979; Tamura et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedHunter et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al., 1996; USGS, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesCowie, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEualetes tulipaPresentYesColes et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedYesCiveyrel & Simberloff, 1996; Cowie, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadIntroducedYesWilliams, 1931; Joe & Daehler, 2008; NatureServe, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesCowie, 1998; Mead, 1961; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentMartens & Langkavel, 1871
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedYesCowie, 1997; NatureServe, 2015; Howarth et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesTran et al., 2008; Cowie et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentBryan, 1919
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)PresentIntroducedYesCowie, 1997; Cowie, 1998; Thomé, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentAllen, 1952; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CPPC
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentHunter et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentBergquist & Riedel, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)WidespreadWalters et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentHandoo et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadWalters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadWalters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadSiddiqi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSher, 1954; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentAnderson, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedFont & Tate, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesEldredge & Smith , 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008; UNEP, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresentO'Kelly et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)WidespreadNativeKenzie, 2008; Santelices, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesRoelke et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedAbbott & Huisman, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)WidespreadIntroducedYesWilson, 1996; Palmer, 2003; Weller et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012; Palmer, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedFosberg, 1942
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)WidespreadIntroducedYesPalmer, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)WidespreadIntroducedYesStaples & Cowie, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedWilson, 1996; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Bishop Museum, 2015; Degener & Hawkes, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)WidespreadIntroducedYesImada, 2012; Kato, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedYesWilson, 1996; Wilson, 2002; Fosberg, 1943; Wilson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)WidespreadIntroducedYesPratt et al., 2011; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentRayachhetry et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesMcFarland et al., 2004; GBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaWidespreadIntroducedYesO'Doherty & Sherwood, 2007; Smith et al., 2002; Abbott, 1999; Doty, 1961; Perrone et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentDoty, 1985b; Doty, 1985a; Conklin & Smith, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaLocalisedIntroducedYesSmith et al., 2002; McDermid et al., 2005; Abbott, 1985a; Abbott, 1999; Magruder & Hunt, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisWidespreadYesSmith et al., 2002; Abbott, 1999; Russell, 1992; Russell & Balazs, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedYesDoty, 1985a; Doty, 1985b; Eldredge, 1994; Doty & Norris, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedStarr & et al. , 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedYesLuken & Thieret, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentIntroducedCole et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Weber , 2003; Luken & Thieret , 1997; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedYesWeber , 2003; Tunison , 1991; Luken & Thieret , 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesUniversity of Hawaii Botany Department, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)WidespreadIntroducedOyen, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedStaples & Herbst, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedHaselwood & Motter, 1966; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHASELWOOD & MOTTER, 1966; Holm et al., 1991; Neal, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Wagner et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014; Snow & Lau, 2010; Wester, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; Wagner et al., 2015a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedYesRandall, 2012; PIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentMorton, 1987; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Englberger, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Staples et al., 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2013; PIER, 2013; Stone et al., 1992; Space & Flynn, 2002a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedWester, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015; Wagner et al., 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2002; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; USDA-ARS, 2011; Wood & LeGrande, 2006; Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWagner et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; USDA, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusWidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Wagner et al., 2012; Wester, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedImada et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedImada et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedYesStone et al., 1992; Wagner et al., 2015; PIER, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Stemmerik, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedITIS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedYesSt John , 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedHitchcock , 1950; CalEPPC, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedHitchcock, 1950; CalEPPC, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)WidespreadIntroducedYesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 1997; Motooka et al., 2003; Wagner et al., 1999; Wood & Oppenheimer, 2008; Imada, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; Shannon & Wagner, 1996; Starr et al., 2003; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedYesWeber, 2003; PIER, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2004; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; Parker & Parsons, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentIntroducedYesStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedImada et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2002; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedESHBAUGH, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)LocalisedIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)Last reported 1800sIntroducedWright, 1912
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; Hammerton, 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedYesWeber, 2003; Smith, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedYesDaehler & Carino, 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)WidespreadHASELWOOD & MOTTER, 1966; Holm et al., 1977; Munroe & Nishimoto, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Hitchcock, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadWesterdahl & Getsinger, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Carino & Daehler, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHaselwood & Motter, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedYesEnglberger, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Mueller-Dombois, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)LocalisedIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentIntroducedYesMeidell et al., 1997; Wester, 1992; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Englberger, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedYesStaples et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2007; Englberger, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaWidespreadIntroducedYesRiffle, 1998; Wagner et al., 1999; Oppenheimer & Bartlett, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; Englberger, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)WidespreadIntroducedSmithsonian, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)LocalisedIntroducedYesMotooka et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesStalpes et al., 2000; PIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentIntroducedHEAR, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedOppenheimer & Bartlett, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2015; Bishop Museum, 2015; Degener & Degener, 1973; Mann, 1865; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentSt. John, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2012; NMNH, 2012; Evenhuis & Eldredge, 2003; Wagner et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Luken & Thieret, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Haselwood & Motter, 1966; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHaselwood & Matter, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedNatureWatch, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1990; Haselwood & Motter, 1983; Jacobi & Warshauer, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2009; ILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesImada, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedPIER, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHASELWOOD & MOTTER, 1966; Higaki, 1973; Holm et al., 1997; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesHEAR, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedYesKrauss, 1963; Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Julien & Griffiths, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedYesJulien & Griffiths, 1998; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Nakao, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)WidespreadHaslewood & Matter, 1966; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUchytil, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedYesLorence & Wagner, 1995; Motooka et al., 2003; D'Ovly Hughes, 1995; Lorence, 1996; Wagner & Lorence, 1998; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroducedWeber, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedSnow, 2008; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedImada et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedWhistler, 2000; Weber, 2003; PIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr et al., 2003; PIER, 2014; Strohecker, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)WidespreadNativeHEAR, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedYesLorence et al., 1995; PIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentIntroducedDarrow, 1966; PIER, 2013; Stone et al., 1992; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003; Wagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedYesNelson & Schubert, 1976; Cronk & Fuller , 1995; PIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedBernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 2014; Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2007; HEAR, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedYesAnderson & Gardner, 1999; PIER, 2008; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)WidespreadIntroducedYesAnderson & Gardner, 1999; PIER, 2000; ISSG, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)WidespreadIntroducedYesWoodcock, 2003; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentNeal, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 2005; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedYesHaselwood & Motter, 1966; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentEPPO, 2014; Haselwood & Motter, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedYesMotooka et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeYesIRVINE, 1961; Chadhokar, 1978; Ridley, 1924; Holm et al., 1979; Swarbrick, 1997; Wagner et al., 1999; Dalziel, 1948; Dehgan, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentIntroducedYesWester, 1992; USDA-NRCS, 2016; PIER, 2016; Lau & Frohlich, 2012; Wysong et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)LocalisedIntroducedYesDaehler, 2005; Wester, 1992; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedYesLorence et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004; Holm, 1991; Wagner, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka)Restricted distributionIntroducedHEAR, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesDavis et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentAnderson, 1990; Randall, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; EDDMapS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)LocalisedIntroducedYesStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; Binggeli, 1997; ILDIS, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007; Englberger, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Flora of the Hawaiian Islands, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedNesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHEAR, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1990; Wagner et al., 1999; Wester, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)LocalisedIntroducedYesSkolmen, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesSanto et al., 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2007; Dray et al., 2006; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHaselwood & Motter, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedYesWeber , 2003; PIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)WidespreadIntroducedYesMedeiros et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)PresentIntroducedYesLorence et al., 1995; O’Connor, 1990; PIER, 2003; Herbst & Clayton, 1998; Wysong et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)WidespreadIntroducedEnglberger, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedPIER, 2008; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; USDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Haselwood & Motter, 1983; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)WidespreadIntroducedYesVitousek & Walker, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)WidespreadOrchard, 1981; Anderson, 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2007; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr & Starr, 2014; GBIF, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2015; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Space et al., 2009; Evenhuis and Eldredge, 2003; Wagner et al., 1999; PIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesSnow & Lau, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesFullaway, 1954; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013; PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)LocalisedIntroducedYesPuff, 1991; Smithsonian, 2015; Starr et al., 2003; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2009; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesMotooka et al., 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2012; PIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; USDA-ARS, 2016; Oppenheimer, 2003; Herbarium Pacificum Staff, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentGardner, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedYesWarshauer et al., 1983; Wagner et al., 1999; Meidell et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesLorence et al., 1995; Wagner et al., 1997; Wagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Snowcroft & Adee, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; PIER, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Wagner et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentIntroducedYesImada et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentIntroducedFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Wagner et al., 2012; Ackerman, 2012; CGAPS-RCUH, 2014; eMonocot, 2015; Flora of the Hawaiian Islands, 2016; Orchid Species, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Reed, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)LocalisedIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Wagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012; Liquido et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)WidespreadIntroducedYes; PIER, 2012a; Space & Flynn, 2002b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedYesOppenheimer, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)LocalisedIntroducedYesEvenhuis & Eldredge, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2016; Hartemink, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedYesDenslow & Nelson, 2000; Hawaii Invasive Species, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadIntroducedYesMack & Lonsdale, 2002; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedYesLittle & Skolmen, 1989; Degener, 1930; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 1999; Swearingen, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedZimmerman, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)WidespreadIntroducedYesFosberg, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Flora of the Hawaiian Islands, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)WidespreadIntroducedYesCuddihy & Stone, 1990; PIER, 2007; Jacobi & Warshauer, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesLuken & Thieret, 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2002; Cronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedYesDaehler & Baker, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; Duke & Allen, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; Csurhes & Hankamer, 2011; Wagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedWong, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2012; Neal, 1965; Tunison, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1990; Gerrish et al., 1992; Stratton, 1996; Gardner, 1999; Jacobi & Warshauer, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedYesHEAR, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; PIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2010; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2009; USDA-NRCS, 2009; Stone et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedYesLittle & Skolmen, 1989; Neal, 1965; Smith , 1998; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedYesParker & Parsons, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedYesFlynn & Lorence, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSiemann & Rogers, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; Luken & Thieret, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNMNH, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentIntroducedStarr et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, &, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Indigenous, localizedYesStaples et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin & Barneby, 1982; USDA-NRCS, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007; PIER, 2007; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadIntroducedYesBishop Museum, 2013; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesSpace & Flynn, 2002; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentLiquido et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedWagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1990; USDA-ARS, 2016; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2016; PIER, 2016; Starr et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentYesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014; NatureServe, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Haselwood & Motter, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)EradicatedStone et al., 1992; Wagner et al., 1999; Moldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012; Englberger, 2009; Oppenheimer, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2008; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSmith, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Haselwood & Motter, 1983; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadIntroducedYesLoope, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentILDIS, 2013; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)LocalisedIntroducedYesWester, 1992; Herbst & Wagner, 1992; Imada, 2012; Starr & Starr, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)WidespreadIntroducedYesFrohlich & Lau, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2016; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Little & Skolmen, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedYesFarr et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedYesOppenheimer, 2007; Oppenheimer & Bartlett, 2000; Starr et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; Wagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentAnderson, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997; Tulang, 1992; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2004; Wagner et al., 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesWagner et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentWagner et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)LocalisedIntroducedStaples et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; Carr, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)WidespreadNativeWagner et al., 1999; Imada, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeStarr & Starr, 2015; Munir, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; Howard, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Widespread
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentIntroducedYesWester, 1992; GBIF, 2015; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedYesBranney, 2005; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedInstitute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 2002; ISSG, 2003; PIER, 2007; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusAbsent, invalid recordStaples et al., 2004; Frahm, 1985b; Hoe, 1974
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumWidespreadIntroducedYesLaird & Van Riper, 1981; Beadell et al., 2006
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirusWidespreadYesJenkins et al., 1989; Sileo et al., 1990; Tripathy et al., 2000; Atkinson et al., 2005; Jarvi et al., 2008; Warner, 1968; Henshaw, 1902; Locke et al., 1965; van & Riper Forrester, 2007
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentYesHu et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Dietzen & Thomas, 1991
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5PresentHerbst et al., 2004
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; Sether et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; Jiang et al., 1992
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentBrewbaker, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Berguist & Ishii, 1974
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentJensen et al., 1990; Jiang et al., 1990; Ooka et al., 1990
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentHolmes et al., 1948; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Parriss, 1938
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentLightner et al., 1995
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentMelzer et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
avipoxWidespreadYesJenkins et al., 1989; Sileo et al., 1990; Tripathy et al., 2000; van Riper et al., 2002; Atkinson et al., 2005; Jarvi et al., 2008; Warner, 1968; Henshaw, 1902; Locke et al., 1965
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedFont & Tate, 1994
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadIntroducedBeard & O'Neill, 2005
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesWidespreadWilliams & Bunkley-Williams, 1996; Chaloupka et al., 2009; Balazs, 1991
Plasmodium relictum infectionWidespreadIntroducedYesLaird & Van Riper, 1981; Beadell et al., 2006
small hive beetle infestationPresentIntroducedYesFERA, 2010
Taura syndromePresentLightner et al., 1995
varroosis of honey beesPresentIntroducedUniversity of Hawaii Honeybee Project, 2014; Danka et al., 2012

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file