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Datasheet

Florida

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Florida
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 170,310
  • Capital: Tallahasse
  • Part of: USA
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentDavis & Dean, 1984; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)WidespreadGundersen et al., 1996; Harrison et al., 1997; Jomantiene et al., 1998; Seemüller et al., 1998; Harrison & Helmick, 2008
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)PresentThomas, 1979; CABI/EPPO &, 1998a; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentSomodi et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)WidespreadUSDA, 2006
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)WidespreadHewitt, 1958; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentChangsri, 1961; Changsri & Weber, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Miller, 1992
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIriarte et al., 2016
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativeAlfieri et al., 1994
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentRaabe et al., 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedMiller, 1997; Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Present, few occurrencesNAPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)WidespreadNativeAlfieri et al., 1984; Nolen, 1926; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)PresentDwinell & Phelps, 1977; Blakeslee & Oak, 1979; Hepting & Roth, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2010; Schubert et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentNativeBarnard et al., 1985
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesPloetz & Mourichon, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentGratz, 1942; Harrison & Kelbert, 1944; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentFraedrich et al., 1994
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeUSDA Forest Service, 2002; Harnard et al., 1991
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007; Shear, 1924
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSPDN, 2005; USDA, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, few occurrencesFreeman & Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2015; Comstock et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)WidespreadIntroducedYesMarlatt & Kimbrough, 1979; Rayachhetry et al., 2001; Rayamajhi et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Disease not reportedRothermel et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentWeis & Weis, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedFofonoff et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentHoward et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentWATSON & TISSOT, 1942; Rolfs, 1893; Wilcox & Elmore, 1943; Denmark, 1955; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentIntroducedYesFERA, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedHoward et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentNativeYesHenry & McLaughlin, 1975; Moore & Frue, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)EradicatedIntroducedYesMcAlister, 1936; Steck, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)LocalisedIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2002; Weems Jr, 1965; Weems Jr, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)EradicatedLeggett, 1979; Villavaso et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; Anon., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentMiller, 1996; Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2000; ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Unconfirmed recordNAPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)EradicatedIPPC, 2016; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)EradicatedFDACS, 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)WidespreadBrown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/Bedford et al., 1994a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedAtkinson et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Jeppson et al., 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC), 2001; Tavares, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2007; Perez Hidalgo et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)EradicatedIntroducedGasparich et al., 1997; NAPPO, 2011; NAPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadIntroducedLemaitre, 1995; McMillen-Jackson, 2008; US Geological Survey Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Information Resourc
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentNativeCooley, 1899
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Dekle, 1965; Nakahara, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusWidespreadNativeDando & Southward, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Chapman, 1938; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedYesKoehler, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedKimball , 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesBanks & Snyder, 1920
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedYesDarsie & Ward, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)WidespreadJansson et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Restricted distributionTsai & Liu, 2000; Hoy, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBaker, 1972; Woodruff, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)WidespreadIntroducedPrice & Nagle, 2009; NAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNAPPO, 2010b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentUnited States Department of Agriculture, 1979; García et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedWeems & Skelley, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Olson & Funderburk, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesHalbert, 2001; Halbert et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentJohnson et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Denmark, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)PresentNativeHalbert et al., 2014; Kramer, 1979; Caldwell, 1946
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)WidespreadIntroducedYesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, formerly presentNAPPO, 2016; NAPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentDenmark, 1985; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)WidespreadDekle &, 1976; CIE, 1976; Miller & Davidson, 1990; Gill, 1997; Howard & Olivier, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentDavidson & Miller, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentNapompeth, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)PresentNativeTriapitsyn & Phillips, 2000; Hoddle et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesHamon, 1984; Downie & Gullan, 2004; Zimmermann & Pérez Sandi Cuen, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentJacques, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentNMNH, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Tallahassee, Florida
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, invalid recordIPPC, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentSpencer &, 1986; EPPO, 1990; EPPO, 2014; Spencer, 1973a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentKuschel, 1951; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Restricted distributionTappan, 1974; High, 1939; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedRosenberry , 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)EradicatedUSDA-APHIS, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Kean et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMeyerdirk & DeChi, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeDenmark, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentVan Duzee, 1917; Metcalf & Bruner, 1948; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentPena et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentKoehler et al., 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)PresentNativeBen-Dov, 1993; Herrick, 1931
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentIntroducedStocks & Hodges, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedYesCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug)Present, few occurrencesNativeKosztarab, 1996; Miller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedYesHaack, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUnited States Department of Agriculture, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentPollard, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentFrisbie et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesSmith, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesHalbert, 1998; Miller, 2005; Hodges et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)WidespreadHeppner, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentPena & Duncan, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadLeibee & Savage, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentNativeTaylor et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHuner , 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)PresentMartin et al., 2010a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedYesEFETAC, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIntroducedYesSmith & Dixon, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Restricted distributionNativeBush, 1966; Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)PresentFoote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedNativeOdum & Heald, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentWaring & Smith, 1986; Vaurie, 1971; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentVick et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; Wetterer & O'Hara, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Anon., 1999a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, intercepted onlyO'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)WidespreadIntroducedYesClouse, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; FAO, 1991; South, 1991; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadTsai, 1998; Halbert, 1995; Halbert & Brown, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentOsborne & Landa, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeYesDenmark, 1970; Halbert, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentElzen & Westervelt, 2002; Pettis & Jadczak, 2005; Denmark et al., 2000; Sanford et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood, 1977; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedHaack, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)PresentIntroducedYesSchiefer & Bright, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentIntroducedYesNico & Fuller, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)LocalisedIntroducedC Feare, pers. comm.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedFWC, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)LocalisedIntroducedHill & Cichra, 2005; Rivas, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)PresentNativeScott & Crossman, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisWidespreadNativePage & Burr, 1991; Loftus & Kushlan, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentNativeFuller et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis cristatellus (Puerto Rican crested anole)PresentIntroducedKrysko et al., 2011; Schwartz et al., 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis extremus (Barbados anole)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKrysko et al., 2011; Meshaka et al., 2004; Bartlett & Bartlett, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentIntroducedFWC, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)WidespreadIntroducedYesCourtenay & Hensley, 1979a; Courtenay et al., 1984; Courtenay et al., 1974; Courtenay & Hensley, 1979b; Hogg, 1976a; Hogg, 1976b; Loftus & Kushlan, 1987; USGS NAS, 2014; Courtenay & Stauffer, 1990; Fury & Morello, 1994; Loftus et al., 2004; Rivas, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish)LocalisedIntroducedYesBelshe, 1961; Courtenay et al., 1974; Loftus & Kushlan, 1987; USGS, 2015; Loftus et al., 2004; Miley, 1978; Turner & Snelson, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadNativeMowbray et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, few occurrencesNativeBanks et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNRC, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentIntroducedBekoff, 1977; Chapman & Feldhamer, 1982; Martell et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present only in captivity/cultivationFeldhamer & Demarais, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedYesUSGS, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Bartlett, 1967; Iverson & Etchberger, 1989; King & Burke, 1989; King & Krakauer, 1966; Krysko et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)WidespreadIntroducedShafland, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid)WidespreadIntroducedYesSchofield et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; Courtenay & et al. , 1974; Nico, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedPranty, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)WidespreadIntroducedYesKrysko et al., 2003; Krysko et al., 2010; Townsend et al., 2003a; Butterfield et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedMeshaka, 2011; Cope, 1863; Cope, 1889; Greene, 2014; Krysko et al., 2011; Thawley, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentNordlie, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)PresentIntroducedYesUSGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid)PresentIntroducedNico et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentIntroducedNico & et al. , 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2014; Bartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus furcatus (blue catfish)PresentIntroducedFuller & Neilson, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentNativeLee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Kern Jr, 2009; Krysko et al., 2007; Krysko et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedNatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth)WidespreadNativeUSGS, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)WidespreadNativeFuller et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)WidespreadNativeFuller et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentIntroducedYesFishbase, 2004; Fuller et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentNativeLarivière, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedFuller, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)PresentNativeUSGS, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeFuller et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedeBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentUSGS, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)WidespreadNativePage & Burr, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentIntroducedYesVázquez & Young, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentIntroducedLee et al., 1980; USGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)WidespreadNativeGehrt, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2003; Lever, 2005; Owre, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedYesAlbins & Hixon, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python)LocalisedIntroducedYesHarvey et al., 2008; Snow et al., 2007b
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentNativeUniversity of Michigan Museum of Zoology, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentWorth, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentNativeFlorida Dept. of Natural Resources, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)WidespreadNativeHall, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesNatureServe, 2013; Barrett & Birmingham, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)WidespreadIntroducedHerring & Gawlik, 2008; Herring et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentIntroducedYesHogg, 1974; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)EradicatedIntroducedYesTaylor et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)Absent, reported but not confirmedIntroducedKrysko et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeMarti et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)LocalisedNativePage & Burr, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)LocalisedIntroducedYesEnge et al., 2004; Krysko et al., 2011a; Krysko et al., 2011b
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedCourtenay et al., 1974; Nico & Fuller, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)LocalisedIntroducedCourtenay et al., 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCarijoa riisei (branched pipe coral)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesStreever, 1992; Havens et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensLast reported 1901Mayer, 1901
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesCounts, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)EradicatedIntroduced
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)WidespreadNativeKennedy et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)LocalisedNativeFrazier et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeWhite-McLean & Redford, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentNativeAbbott & Morris, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentNativeAuffenberg & Stange, 1986; Pilsbry, 1946
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2013; Mead, 1979; NAPPO, 2011; NAPPO, 2013; NAPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)WidespreadIntroducedYesSeaman & Porterfield, 1964; Thompson, 1984; Howells et al., 2006; Rawlings et al., 2007; Cowie & Hayes, 2012; Robins, 1971; Horgan et al., 2014; Dundee, 1974; USGS, 2016; Edmondson, 1959; Hale, 1964; Hunt, 1958
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedYesClench, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentNativeMarelli & Gray, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentIntroducedBenson et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, invalid recordRawlings et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadIntroducedRawlings et al., 2007; Byers et al., 2013; Teem et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedThomé, 1993; USDA-APHIS, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail)PresentIntroducedYesAuffenberg et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentStokes, 1979; Lehman, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Lehmann & Miller, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentLehman, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentSteiner, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentMcSorley & Parrado, 1983; Sher, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentRiggs, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentWalters et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadWalters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadTaylor et al., 1982; Walters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresent, few occurrencesBrito et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSuit & Ducharme, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Sher, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedRogers, 1976; Scott & Grizzle, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesSager et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)LocalisedIntroducedParis, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeMadeira et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Bartsch & Lawrence, 1997; St John, 1936
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015; Christensen, 1930; Degener & Hawkes, 1951; Diddell, 1941
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)LocalisedIntroducedYesMast et al., 2015; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2000; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedYesHutchinson & Langeland, 2010; Small, 1938; Wunderlin et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentIntroducedYesHutchinson & Langeland, 2010; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedYesNauman, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentIntroducedYesUSGS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesMcFarland et al., 2004; Nelson, 1984; Westbrooks & Eplee, 1989; Chilton et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeLittler et al., 2008; Littler & Littler, 2000; Schneider & Searles, 1991; Taylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentIntroducedDawes, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeLittler et al., 2008; Schneider & Searles, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusIntroduced, establishment uncertainIntroducedDawes, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)Present, few occurrencesNativeNatureServe, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedYesSE-EPPC, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)WidespreadYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)WidespreadIntroducedYesLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Hall & Vandiver, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentNativeRosario, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedYesBrown, 2002; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedReed, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedFeret, 1985; Shah, 1997; Luken & Thieret, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedYesSE-EPPC, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedYesCAIP, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesCoulson, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedDuke, 1981; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentFlora of North America, 2013; Dusky & Stall, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedMosyakin & Robertson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentCorrell & Johnston, 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentSmall, 1933
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Richburg et al., 1996; Keese, 1997; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Strother, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Strother, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedBritton & Millspaugh, 1920; Stephens, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentLiogier & Martorell, 2000; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedAnderson, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedYesMiller, 2003; Clewell & Tobe, 2011; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeOwnbey, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedLiogier & Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2015; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedLiogier & Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Randall, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedYesLong & Lakela, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentTarrant & McCoy, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Debez et al., 2010; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2016; Invasive.org, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedCronquist, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWilson et al., 2004; Wilson et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedAtlas of Florida Vascular Plants, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedAustin, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedYesFLEPPC, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; Geary, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedYesMiller et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentWhite et al., 1995; Wunderlin, 1939; Hall & Vandiver, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadBlackburn et al., 1973; Campbell & Irvine, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentIntroducedFranck, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedWunderlin, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedPhilcox, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedBrown, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedhttp://www.floridagardening.com
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBrown & Knox, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaLocalisedNativeRiffle, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedBrown & Knox, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)Absent, unreliable recordWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)WidespreadNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentIntroducedYesOEPP/EPPO, 2004; OEPP/EPPO, 2006; OEPP/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedGann & Bradley, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentIntroducedYesLockhart et al., 1999; HEAR, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Graham, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGilman & Watson, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)LocalisedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2009; USDA-NPAG, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentNatureServe, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedMoyroud, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentGilreath et al., 1999a; Gilreath et al., 1999b; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentIntroducedYesAnon, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedAnon, 1997a; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentFernald, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2009; University of Florida Herbarium, 2009; USGS, 2005; Westbrooks, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadNativeWesterdahl & Getsinger, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Restricted distributionIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015; Peterson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentLocascio & Stall, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)Absent, unreliable recordUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014; Gilman & Watson, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedYesGilman & Watson, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013; PIER, 2014; IFAS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman, 1999; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Randall, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedNadel et al., 1992; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Randall, 2012; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)LocalisedIntroducedKral, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; Hadden et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedIsely , 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedGilman & Watson , 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDave's Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Lorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Kaufman & Kaufman, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)WidespreadIntroducedYesFLEPPC, 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; Pieterse, 1981; Sutton & Portier, 1995; Fox et al., 1996; Sutton, 1996; Mataraza et al., 1999; Hanlon et al., 2000; Wheeler & Center, 2001; Cuda et al., 2002; Smither-Kopperl, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesNativeWeaver & Wetzel, 1980; Muenscher, 1944; Wunderlin, 1998; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)LocalisedIntroducedYesTarnowski et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)WidespreadIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Langeland & Burks, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedYesWallace, 1957
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1989; Puy et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentNativeWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesWestbrooks & Eplee, 1989; IFAS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentWestbrooks & Eplee, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedFrancis, 2005; Howard, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedYesEDDMapS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; ILDIS, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedYesNesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentMiller, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedUSDA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; Hitchcock & Chase, 1910
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesDray et al., 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2007; Mabberley, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedYesWestbrooks , 1998; Anon, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedYesGBIF, 2012; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedYesGann & Bradley, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)LocalisedIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Restricted distributionIntroducedWeaver & Dixon, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCenter & Kipker, 1991; Sutton & Langeland, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)PresentIntroducedHodges & Gardner, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedBaker & Zettler, 1988; Holm et al., 1977; Baker & Zettler, USDA-NRCS. 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2007; McCann et al., 1996; Schardt & Schmitz, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedSteward, 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)WidespreadIntroducedYesStone, 2009; Judd, 2003; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentIntroducedFranck & Daniel, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2003; Hitchcock & Chase, 1951; Gordon, 1998; Hall, 1978; Small, 1933
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesAquatics Magazine, 2005; UFL-CAPI, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentWestbrooks & Eplee, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)WidespreadIntroducedYesMyers & Wunderlin, 2003; FLAS, 2015; Mast et al., 2015; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentKohli & Rani, 1994; Aneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentHitchcock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Chase, 1929
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Martin, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2012; Morton, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentKillip, 1938; Anon, 1998b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)WidespreadNativeWunderlin Hansen, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012; Hitchcock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)LocalisedIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015; Robinson et al., 2011; Vivi's Orchids, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentBaird et al., 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadIntroducedYesWehtje et al., 1992; Norcini et al., 1995; USDA-NRCS, 2002; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Wunderlin et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentKent Kirk, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)WidespreadNativeLittle & Dorman, 1954
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)WidespreadIntroducedYesHartemink, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentYesLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedYesMorton, 1976; Parrotta, 1991; AFFA, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Lorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedZimmerman, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedYesMorton, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesLuken & Thieret, 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2002; Miller et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)WidespreadIntroducedYesvan der Maesen, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentIntroducedYesCampbell, 1977; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Miller et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedYesMunger, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedBecking, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBlack, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedYesGarofalo et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesWestbrooks , 1998; Anon, 2003b; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, &, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)WidespreadLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedGillman & Watson, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)WidespreadIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)LocalisedIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; University of South Florida, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2012; Hitchcock, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009; Britton & Brown, 1947; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentUSDA-NRCS &, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesPatrock & Schuster, 1992; USDA-NRCS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentWestbrooks & Eplee, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisWidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentNativeYesGrevstad et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)Absent, intercepted onlyNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)EradicatedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2016; Moldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentParker & Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedYesMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedYesMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedYesAnon, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Restricted distributionNativeGentry, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)LocalisedIntroducedYesZomlefer et al., 2007; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesRadford, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2008; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedFloridata, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentYesParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentWestbrooks & Eplee, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentSteward, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; Wunderlin & Hansen, 2008; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedWunderlin & Hansen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentFlora, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Kartesz, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedYesFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)LocalisedIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2015; Florida Museum of Natural History, 2015; University of West Florida, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedHoward, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)LocalisedIntroducedYesWunderlin & Hansen, 2013; GBIF, 2013; Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedYesLangeland et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedBranney, 2005; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2007; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentSimpson et al., 1975; Jacobson et al., 1980; Hitchner & Clubb, 1980; Akey et al., 1981; Deem et al., 1997
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentDiekmann & Putter, 1996
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5WidespreadEne et al., 2005
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Absent, formerly presentFawcett, 1911; Knorr, 1968; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentTaiwo et al., 1982
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentPolston et al., 2008
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentWebster et al., 2011
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentTsai & Falk, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentConover, 1964a; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentComstock et al., 2000; Harmon et al., 2015
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentBaker et al., 2010; Harmon et al., 2015
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)WidespreadPolston et al., 1994; Polston, 1998; EPPO, 2014

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosisWidespreadPalmer et al., 1986
avian infectious bronchitisPresentJohnson & Marquardt, 1975; King & Hopkins, 1983; Moore et al., 1998
avipoxPresentSimpson et al., 1975; Jacobson et al., 1980; Hitchner & Clubb, 1980; Akey et al., 1981; Deem et al., 1997
bluetonguePresentTomori et al., 1992; Pearson et al., 1992
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedRogers, 1976; Scott & Grizzle, 1979
ChytridiomycosisDisease not reportedRothermel et al., 2008
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentFrancis-Floyd et al., 1993
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentPlumb, 1999b
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentUSDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1997; USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1999
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)PresentMorris et al., 1994; Turell, 1993; Day & Stark, 1996; Day & Stark, 1996; Dunbar et al., 1998; Gamble et al., 1994
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesWidespreadEne et al., 2005; Aguirre & Lutz, 2004; Smith & Coates, 1938
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno, 1999
paratuberculosisPresentMerkal et al., 1987
Q feverLocalisedConti et al., 2004
rabiesLocalisedKrebs et al., 1999
small hive beetle infestationPresentIntroducedYesFERA, 2010
varroosis of honey beesPresentElzen & Westervelt, 2002; Pettis & Jadczak, 2005; Denmark et al., 2000; Sanford et al., 2007
vesicular stomatitisPresentJenney, 1967
West Nile feverPresentPowell, 2002

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file