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Datasheet

California

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    California
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 424,000
  • Capital: Sacramento
  • Part of: USA
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentGundersen et al., 1996; Seemüller et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentPurcell, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Kumagai et al., 2014; Hopkins et al., 1994
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)WidespreadNativeYesHansen et al., 2008; Crosslin & Bester, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentKumagai et al., 2013; California Department of Food and Agriculture, 2012; NAPPO, 2012
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentKumagai et al., 2013; NAPPO, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisWidespreadYesCrosson et al., 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentPurcell & Hopkins, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)WidespreadNativePryfogle et al., 1997; Spaulding & Elwell, 2007
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentMircetich & Matheron, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)LocalisedIntroducedYesKliejunas & Adams, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentErwin, 1965
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionRizzo et al., 2002a; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Blomquist et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Garbelotto et al., 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentGulya et al., 1991a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Davis et al., 1949; French, 1989; Tidwell et al., 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentHecht & Poinar Parmeter, 1986; Sinclair et al., 1987; Raabe, 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentSomerville et al., 1984
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativePerry & McCain, 1988; Davis, 1953; DeVay et al., 1968; Hinds, 1985
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentHansen & Thomas, 1940; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Swain et al., 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)WidespreadNativeYesShaw, 1973
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Restricted distributionIntroducedDaughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Restricted distributionNAPPO, 2016; NAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)PresentMcCain et al., 1987; Correll et al., 1991; Storer et al., 1994; Gordon et al., 2001; Swett & Gordon, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentNativeThompson, 1941; Anon., 1960; Anon., 1970; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBrasier, 1996a; Brasier & Kirk, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedYesSinclair & Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedYesWagener, 1939; Wagener, 1928; Wagener, 1948; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Herb. IMI, 1934
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentHunt, 1969
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentIntroducedYesGould & Shaw, 1969
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentNativeMiller, 1968; Kinloch & Comstock, 1981; Smith & Hoffman, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Samman, 1982; Chen et al., 1985; Kliejunas, 1985; French, 1987; Chen, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Byler & Parmeter, 1979
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumWidespreadNativeGarbelotto et al., 1996
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeUSDA Forest Service, 2002; Filip & Morrison, 1990
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumWidespreadNativeGarbelotto et al., 1996
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionFreeman & Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Mellano, 2006; Zambino & Nolan, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadIntroducedYesPadgett-Flohr & Hopkins, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)WidespreadIntroducedFong, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)LocalisedIntroducedFauvel, 1933; Cohen, 2005; Wasson et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)WidespreadNativeSikorski & Bick, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)LocalisedIntroducedYesKoehler et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentWilcox & Howland, 1950; Wilcox & Howland, 1956; Zalom et al., 1986; Hessein & Perring, 1986; Royalty & Perring, 1988; Royalty & Perring, 1989; Keifer, 1940; Anon., 1943; Michelbacher, 1944; Michelbacher et al., 1950; Keifer, 1952; Wilcox & Howland, 1954; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedYesCoulson & Witter, 1984; Steffan, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)EradicatedIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentClement et al., 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentMiklasiewicz & Walker, 1990; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedYesCarlton, 1979; Newman, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)EradicatedNAPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlyFoote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedFoote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedFoote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2008; Lingafelter & Hoebeke, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)EradicatedDegrande, 1991; EPPO, 2014; Anon., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling, 1959; Rose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentRosenheim et al., 1993; UK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedSanford, 1994; Kim & Oguro, 1999; Piereira & Chaud-Netto, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)WidespreadNativeYesTrumble, 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)EradicatedIPPC, 2015; Foote et al., 1993; CDFA, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)EradicatedIntroducedFoote et al., 1993; NAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)EradicatedYesNAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NAPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)EradicatedNAPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentIntroducedRice et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIntroducedCDFA, 2013; Spaugy, 1988; Carey & Dowell, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)WidespreadBrown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/Bedford et al., 1994a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedOlson et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)WidespreadNativeBaker & Tuttle, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)WidespreadMcDaniel & Boe, 1991; CIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedAshton et al., 2007b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)LocalisedIntroducedYesCarlton & Cohen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)EradicatedGasparich et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGroff et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentNativeGill, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Gill, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentWatson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedYesAtkinson et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedHeinrich , 1921; Powell , 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesLight, 1936
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)WidespreadIntroducedYesGill, 1991; Dahlsten et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedYesDarsie & Ward, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle)PresentNativeYesWood, 1982; Furniss & Carolin, 1977; Ciesla & Coulston, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)Restricted distributionNativeYesWood, 1982; Furniss & Orr, 1978; Ciesla & Coulston, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeYesWood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)WidespreadNativeRoss & Arnett, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, few occurrencesCampbell, 2008; NAPPO, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2011; NAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedBaker, 1972; Woodruff, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)WidespreadWebster & Amosson, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)WidespreadIntroducedBurrack et al., 2012; NAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNAPPO, 2010a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKeen, 1952; Kloft et al., 1964; Holms & Ruth, 1968; Koot, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-APHIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)PresentYesUK CAB International, 1987; Seeno & Andrews, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedGollasch , 1997; NHM, 2004; USGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedYesCapinera, 2013; Langston & Powell, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesBrennan et al., 1999; Gill, 1998; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentCowles & Downer, 1995; Hanks et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Denmark, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedYesKnodel & Hoebeke, 1996; Koch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentHessein & McMurtry, 1988; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976; McKenzie, 1935; Chu & Wood, 1990; Argyriou, 1990; Gill, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))EradicatedNakahara, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesTriapitsyn & Phillips, 2000; CDFA, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)LocalisedIntroducedRathbun , 1892; Ford & Krekorian, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedZimmermann & Pérez Sandi Cuen, 2010; Arakelian, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; Gill, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentGill, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)LocalisedIntroducedCarlton, 1975; Menzies, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)WidespreadIntroducedYesCarlton, 1975; Kofoid & Miller, 1927
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Woodworth, 1908
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, invalid recordIPPC, 2009; Spencer & Steyskal, 1986; Poe, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentSpencer &, 1986; EPPO, 1990; EPPO, 2014; Spencer, 1973a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentKuschel, 1951; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Restricted distributionMorrone, 1993; High, 1939; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)EradicatedNAPPO, 2009; IPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012; NAPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Absent, intercepted onlyUSDA-APHIS, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Kean et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMatile-Ferrero et al., 2000; Anon., 2000a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)WidespreadNativeWittenborn & Olkowski, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadEaston, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Absent, unreliable recordVan Duzee, 1917; Metcalf & Bruner, 1948; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedBradley & Siebert, 1978; Chew et al., 1964; Chew et al., 1965; Katkansky & Warner, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentHoffmann et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998; Hoffmann et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesRiegel, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentIntroducedYesHaack, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentPhillips, 1989; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentNativeYesLewis , 2002; United States Geological Survey, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedYesNewman, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentBeasley & Adams, 1995; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentNativeYesMcKenzie, 1967; Goeden, 1971; Pinto & Frommer, 1980; Fuchs et al., 1991; Gordh, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedPaine et al., 2000; Kliejunas et al., 2001; Hanks et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentLe et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentHickman, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentIntroducedGander, 1927
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHuner , 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentIIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, formerly presentNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentIntroducedYesFleminger & Kramer, 1988; Orsi & Walter, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedYesCISR, 2013; EFETAC, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, few occurrencesFoote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)PresentFoote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadIntroducedAndres & Rees, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedIntroducedPetersen, 2006; Jones, 1940
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)EradicatedIPPC, 2015; NAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; Wattanapongsiri, 1966; NAPPO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973; Hamon & Williams, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentNativeYesSong, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Hoddle et al., 2002b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentVaurie, 1971; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKnutson & Orth, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentSorensen et al., 1990; Bellows et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeRisch & Carroll, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Anon., 1999a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentIntroducedGarrison, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, intercepted onlyO'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)Absent, confirmed by surveyNAPPO, 2016; Gilligan et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentBoyce et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadIntroducedYesVetter et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)WidespreadNativeAkre et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLinsley & MacLeod, 1942; Hobson & Bright, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Weber & McPherson, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedHaack, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentIntroducedYesNico & Fuller, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)LocalisedIntroducedHovey & Swift, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)LocalisedIntroducedDill & Cordone, 1997; Smith, 1896; USGS NAS, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedCurtis , 1949
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisPresentIntroducedWydoski & Whitney, 1979; Moyle, 1976; USGS, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedFuller et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)LocalisedIntroducedBarrett, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)LocalisedIntroducedUSGS NAS, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)LocalisedIntroducedYesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006; Gates et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuusLocalisedIntroducedLambert & Lambert, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentIntroducedDavidson et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadNativeMowbray et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiLocalisedNativeStackhouse, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentNativeNatureServe, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present only in captivity/cultivationFeldhamer & Demarais, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)LocalisedIntroducedInvasive Species Council of California (ISCC), 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedYesFish and Wildlife Service, 2002; USGS, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Banta & Morafka, 1966; Bury & Luckenbach, 1976; Holland, 1994; Jennings, 1987; Jennings, 2004; Stebbins, 1985; Van Dijk, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedNico, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedRyall, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner)WidespreadIntroducedMoyle, 1976; Brandenburg & Gido, 1999; Hubbs, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedBureau of Land Management, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)WidespreadIntroducedSmith , 1896; Dill & Cordone, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedYesDill & Cordone, 1997; NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedDill & Cordone, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth)PresentIntroducedMoyle, 1976; Sommer et al., 2001; Dill & Cordone, 1997; Evermann & Clark, 1931; Lampman, 1946; Lanse, 1965; Matern et al., 2002; Shebley, 1917; Smith, 1896
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)WidespreadIntroducedMoyle, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerWidespreadIntroducedYesLambert & Lambert, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedYesFuller et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)Restricted distributionIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)EradicatedIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentNativeLarivière, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)WidespreadNativeYesManuwal & Sweitzer, 2008; Feldhamer et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentNativeBehnke, 2002; Fuller, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentNativeDore , 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedUloth, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedBrown, 1997; Jennings, 1987; Jennings, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)EradicatedIntroducedDill & Cordone, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPeromyscus fraterculus (Northern Baja deermouse)PresentNativeMusser & Carleton, 2005; Timm et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadeBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentIntroducedNelson & Paetz, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)WidespreadIntroducedYesDeichsel et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedSwift et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisWidespreadIntroducedYesLambert & Lambert, 1998; Cohen et al., 2005; Lambert & Lambert, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentIntroducedMoyle, 1976; USGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentIntroducedMoyle, 1976; USGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)WidespreadNativeGehrt, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedCity of Bakersfield, 2009; Hardy, 1964; Hardy, 1973; Mabb, 1997; Mabb, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)WidespreadIntroducedYesBury & Whelan, 1984; University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Lannoo, 2005; McKercher & Gregoire, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedRobins et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye)LocalisedIntroducedDill & Cordone, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)LocalisedIntroducedYesJameson & Peeters, 1988; King et al., 2010; Claytor, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesBarrett & Birmingham, 2005; Schuyler et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentIntroducedYesCourtenay & Hensley, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedYesCosta-Pierce, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedNico & Fuller, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)WidespreadIntroducedYesVosjoli & Ferguson, 1995; McKeown, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadNativeMarti et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiIntroduced, not establishedIntroducedCourtenay & Meffe, 1989; Nico & Fuller, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)LocalisedIntroducedCourtenay et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesHand & Gwilliam, 1951; Aldrich, 1961; Cohen & Carlton, 1995; Hand & Jones, 1957; Siegfried et al., 1980; Wasson et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresent, few occurrencesMcConnaughey et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)WidespreadIntroducedYesYasutake & Wolf, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)WidespreadIntroducedYesCarlton, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesCounts, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam)LocalisedIntroducedYesCarlton et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesAuffenberg & Stange, 1986; Basinger, 1931; Stearns, 1900; DG Herbert, Natal Museum, South Africa, pers. comm., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedFriedman & Hedrick, 1995; Friedman, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)LocalisedIntroducedKennedy et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesReise et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeWhite-McLean & Redford, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentBari, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedYesUSGS, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedYesUSGS-NAS, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadIntroducedNatureServe, 2014; McDonnell et al., 2009; Orcutt, 1890
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCarlton, 2007; San Francisco Estuary Partnership, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentIntroducedHowells et al., 2006; Rawlings et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedMcDonald & Koehn, 1988; Wonham, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedNatureServe, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedRay, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentHowells et al., 2006; Rawlings et al., 2007; Cerutti, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)WidespreadIntroducedHerbst et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentMagoon & Vining, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Cowie, 1990; Armitage, 1949; Basinger, 1927; Chace, 1915; Cowie, 1987; Gammon, 1943; Mead, 1971; Roth & Sadeghian, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedMcDonnell et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentRaabe, 1991; Sturhan, 1962; Siddiqui et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Goody et al., 1965; Stokes, 1967a
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentMundo-Ocampo et al., 1994; Cherry et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; Viglierchio, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentViglierchio et al., 1973; Hart, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentWalters et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentWalters & Barker1994; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; USDA-APHIS, 2014, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadTaylor et al., 1982; Walters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadTaylor et al., 1982; Walters & Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, few occurrencesPitcher et al., 1974; Brown, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentRaski et al., 1971; Raski & Schmitt, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedHoffman, 1999; Warburton et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedUNEP, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesTrowbridge, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentHayden & Waaland, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesSager et al., 2008; Tiffany et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesAbbott & Hollenberg, 1976; Phillips, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedThornber et al., 2003; Silva et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeRicherson & Grigarick, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015; Tracy, 1940
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHultén & Fries, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)Absent, unreliable recordLoan van, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentRayachhetry et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesMcFarland et al., 2004; GBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentIntroducedDoty, 1985a
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusAbsent, formerly presentIntroducedDoty & Norris, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedAbbott & Hollenberg, 1976; Hollenberg, 1944; Scagel et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)WidespreadIntroducedHolt & Boose, 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (Cal-IPC), 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Restricted distributionIntroducedCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (CAL-IPC), 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBaldwin et al., 2012; PROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedYesLuken & Thieret , 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2004; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Luken & Thieret , 1997; Knapp , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentNativeRosario, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentUSDA-NRCS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedYesZedler & Black, 2004; Victorian Resources Online, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedHickman, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedLuken & Thieret, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedSE-EPPC, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentIntroducedYesBottel, 1933; USDA-NRCS, 2002; Shwartz et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedYesCalflora, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedCoulson, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentIntroduced; USDA-ARS, 2015; Jepson Flora Poject, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHauptli & Jain, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentZhang et al., 1997; USDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedHrusa et al., 2002; Jepson eFlora, 2015; Mosyakin & Robertson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Strother, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)WidespreadNativeBritton & Brown, 1936; Britton & Brown, Rydberg; Britton & Brown, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Strother, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)PresentNativeWyman, 1944
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentGrossberger, 1999; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium abietinum (fir dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium tsugense (hemlock dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedYesSwearingen, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesXerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)LocalisedIntroducedCalflora, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015; Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council), 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedYesCalflora, 2012; Hickman, 1993; Hrusa & Glazner, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentIntroducedHull & Mooney, 1990; USDA, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusLocalisedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Collins & Blackwell, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentIntroducedHickman, 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedYesCalflora, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)LocalisedIntroducedYesAmme, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)WidespreadIntroducedYesCal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council), 2004; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeHoopes & Hall, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadIntroducedGeological Survey, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedYesCalifornia Invasive Plant Council, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedYesWatson , 1880; Parish & , 1920; Burcham , 1957; Frenkel , 1977; Junak & et al. , 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedJain , 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedHitchcock, 1950; Kearney & Peebles, 1951; Gould, 1951; CalEPPC, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)WidespreadIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; Calflora, 2009; NatureServe, 2009; Roja, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Cudney et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)LocalisedIntroducedGildenhuys et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)WidespreadIntroducedYesDunn, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedYesDunn, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedMerwin, 1990; Merwin et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentIntroducedPatterson, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentIntroducedPeerzada et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015; DiTomaso & Kyser, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesDuncan, 2001; USDA-NRCS2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedYesHickman, 1993; Howell, 1959; Robbins et al., 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisWidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009; DiTomaso & Healy, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)WidespreadIntroducedYesDuncan, 2001; DiTomaso, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesDuncan, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)WidespreadIntroducedYesMunz, 1973; Calflora, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadWesterdahl & Getsinger, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedYesDewey, 1897
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedYesHodgson, 1971; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedMitich, 1998; Randall, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesKempen & Graf, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)WidespreadNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentNativeThe Calflora Database, 2009; Jepson Manual, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesLambrinos, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)PresentLittle & Skolmen, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedJacobson & Zika, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBarbe, 1976; Davis & Sherman, 1991; USDA-NRCS, 2002; Couderc-LeVailant & Roché, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015; Randall, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015; Hammel & Reeder, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesRandall, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015; Hammel & Reeder, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentIntroducedHEAR, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGilman & Watson, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentIntroducedPLANTS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)LocalisedIntroducedYesHrusa & Kelch, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla)WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)LocalisedIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentBarrett & Seaman, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2014; Rejmaneck, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadIntroducedYesLuken & Thieret, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)LocalisedIntroducedCalflora, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)WidespreadIntroducedYesMunz, 1959; Barkley, 1993; UCJeps, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedWiley & Darlington, 1985; Keeley & Thullen, 1993; Norris, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHickman, 1993; Jepson, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHickman, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadNativeAnderson, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Restricted distributionIntroducedRobbins et al., 1951; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Restricted distributionIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Robbins et al., 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedBarkworth et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Peterson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentIntroducedWilken & Hannah, 1998; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016; Hoban & Hoshovsky, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedYesAnon, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroducedHanks et al., 1995; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedJanick & Paull, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; Riordan et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)LocalisedIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)WidespreadIntroducedYesCalifornia Invasive Plant Council, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedYesCAL-IPC, 2005; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativePIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedYesHrusa et al., 2002; Calflora, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentNativeConsortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria (CNPWH), 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)WidespreadIntroducedYesHickman, 1993; Jepson, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedYesThompson et al., 1998; Isely , 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)LocalisedIntroducedYesLeppig, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedGilman & Watson , 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesMcClintock, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedYesReichard, 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDave's Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus ciliaris (Texas blueweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Brooks, 2004; DiTommaso et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; CalFlora, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; Pieterse, 1981; Spencer & Ksander, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMason, 1957; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)WidespreadNativeConsortium of California Herbaria, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentIntroducedZika, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentAnderson, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentYesGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedNesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedUSGS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHitchchock, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)LocalisedIntroducedYesOkada et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)WidespreadNativeThe Jepson Online Interchange, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentNativePIER, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeJSTOR Global Plants, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedYesStuckey, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedDray et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedAnon, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; Vitousek, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)LocalisedIntroducedYesCalflora, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea (Cape tulip)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea collina (Cape tulip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)WidespreadIntroducedYesAnderson, 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2007; Bossard et al., 2000; Rejmanek & Randall, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)Unconfirmed recordUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Eiswerth et al., 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedGuala, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedYesYoung & Evans, 1969; Keil & Turner, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentNativeYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)EradicatedIntroducedEplee et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929; Robbins et al., 1951; USDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Calflora, 2012; Riefner & Boyd, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Riefner & Columbus, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesRejmánek, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedYesRejmánek, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentBONAP, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008; Wilen & Holt, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)WidespreadIntroducedJepson Flora Project, 2012; GBIF, 2012; Lovich, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentGroenigen & Kessel, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)WidespreadIntroducedReed, 1977; Robbins et al., 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedBaudoin, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016; EDDMapS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)WidespreadNativeCalFlora, 2000; Hickman, 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroducedYesKnapp, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentNativeForde, 1966; Lindsay, 1932; Forde, Roy
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Lorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1951; Invasiveorg, 2015; Swearingen, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadSieckert, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNaylor et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesGuertin, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedZimmerman, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)WidespreadNativeYesBurkart, 1976; Johnston, 1962; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Felker et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPopenoe, 1920; Sweet, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedYesMunger, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedBecking, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesCreager, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedYesCE-PPC, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedYesLuken & Thieret, 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden, 2016; Pacific Horticulture, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, &, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Restricted distributionYesRandall, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)WidespreadIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Hitchcock, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedHitchcock, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)Unconfirmed recordUSDA-NRCS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentUSDA-NRCS &, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)WidespreadIntroducedYesBoyd et al., 1984; Amor, 1978; Robinson et al., 1978; USDA-NRCS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)LocalisedIntroducedYesEDDMapS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisWidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentUSDA, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesDaehler & Strong, 1996; Daehler & Strong, 1997; Grevstad et al., 2003; Anttila & Daehler, 1997; Ayres et al., 2004; Daehler & Strong, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; NatureServe, 2014; Calflora, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Unconfirmed recordUSDA-NRCS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Restricted distributionIntroducedBaum, 1967; Luken & Thieret, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBaum, 1967; Crins, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)WidespreadIntroducedYesBaum, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)WidespreadIntroducedYesBaum, 1967; Crins, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)LocalisedIntroducedYesRobbins, 1940; Harris, 1998; Wishner, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987; Robbins et al., 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentAnderson, 1990; USDA-NRCS, 2007; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)WidespreadIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeCarey, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentFlora, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; IUCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallow-wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedYesHoward, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFrahm, 1980; Frahm, 2007; Norris & Shevock, 2004
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentPower & Human, 1976; Hill & Bogue, 1977; Harris et al., 1978; Emanuelson et al., 1978; McDonald et al., 1981; Wheeldon et al., 1985
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentGildow, 1990
Virusbluetongue virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentKuo et al., 2007
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentRowhani et al., 1997
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentIntroducedMoyer & Mohan, 1993; Poole et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)WidespreadShepherd et al., 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; Ling & Sfetcu, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabies virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentFlock & Mayhew, 1981; Cohen et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)WidespreadIntroducedJepson et al., 1975

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosisWidespreadBehymer et al., 1991; Clark et al., 1993; Jessup et al., 1993; Elliott et al., 1994; Chomel et al., 1994
avian infectious bronchitisPresentMoore et al., 1998
avipoxPresentPower & Human, 1976; Hill & Bogue, 1977; Harris et al., 1978; Emanuelson et al., 1978; McDonald et al., 1981; Wheeldon et al., 1985
babesiosisPresentThomford et al., 1993; Kjemtrup et al., 1995; Singer et al., 1997
bluetongueWidespreadTomori et al., 1992; Pearson et al., 1992
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedHoffman, 1999; Warburton et al., 2002
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadIntroducedYesPadgett-Flohr & Hopkins, 2009
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentPlumb, 1999a
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentUSDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1997; USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisPresentHedrick & McDowell , 1995
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresent, few occurrencesMcDonald & Dutton, 1990
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno, 1999
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentGray et al., 2002; Waltzek & Hedrick, 2004
malignant catarrhal feverPresentHatkin, 1980
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedBradley & Siebert, 1978; Chew et al., 1964; Chew et al., 1965; Katkansky et al., 1967
paratuberculosisPresentMerkal et al., 1987
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentRimler & Rhoades, 1987; Botzler, 2002
piscirickettsiosisPresentChen et al., 2000
rabiesLocalisedKrebs et al., 1999
tularaemiaPresentGEIGER, 1931
varroosis of honey beesPresentBoyce et al., 2002
vesicular stomatitisPresentGoodger et al., 1985; Bridgewater, 1983
whirling diseaseWidespreadIntroducedYesYasutake & Wolf, 1970
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionWidespreadYesCrosson et al., 2014

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file