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Datasheet

California

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Introduced NoZimmermann and Pérez Sandi Cuen, 2010; Arakelian, 2013.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Present
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Gundersen et al., 1996; Seemüller et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present Purcell, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Kumagai et al., 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Widespread Native YesHansen et al., 2008; Crosslin and Bester, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present Kumagai et al., 2013; California Department of Food and Agriculture, 2012; NAPPO, 2012.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present Kumagai et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2012; NAPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensis Widespread YesCrosson et al., 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Purcell and Hopkins, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Widespread Native NoPryfogle et al., 1997; Spaulding and Elwell, 2007.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Mircetich and Matheron, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease) Localised Introduced YesKliejunas and Adams, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Erwin, 1965.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Restricted distribution Rizzo et al., 2002a; EPPO, 2011; Blomquist et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; Garbelotto et al., 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present Gulya et al., 1991a; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; Davis et al., 1949; French, 1989; Tidwell et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Hecht and Poinar Parmeter, 1986; Sinclair et al., 1987; Raabe, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic) Present Somerville et al., 1984.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Native Davis, 1953; DeVay et al., 1968; Hinds, 1985; Perry and McCain, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Present Hansen and Thomas, 1940; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Swain et al., 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Offord, 1964.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Widespread Native YesShaw, 1973.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Restricted distribution Introduced Daughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Restricted distribution NAPPO, 2016; NAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Present McCain et al., 1987; Correll et al., 1991; Storer et al., 1994; Gordon et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Swett and Gordon, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Native Thompson, 1941; Anon., 1960; Anon., 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBrasier, 1996a; Brasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced YesWagener, 1928; Wagener, 1939; Wagener, 1948; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Hunt, 1969.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Introduced YesGould and Shaw, 1969.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Native Miller, 1968; Kinloch and Comstock, 1981; Samman, 1982; Chen et al., 1985; Kliejunas, 1985; French, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Smith and Hoffman, 2000; Chen, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Widespread Native NoGarbelotto et al., 1996.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoUSDA Forest Service, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporum Widespread Native NoGarbelotto et al., 1996.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Restricted distribution Freeman and Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Introduced Mellano, 2006; Zambino and Nolan, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Introduced YesPadgett-Flohr and Hopkins, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Widespread Introduced Fong, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Localised Introduced Fauvel, 1933; Wasson et al., 2001; Cohen, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm) Widespread Native Sikorski and Bick, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite) Localised Introduced YesKoehler et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Keifer, 1940; Anon., 1943; Michelbacher, 1944; Michelbacher et al., 1950; Wilcox and Howland, 1950; Keifer, 1952; Wilcox and Howland, 1954; Wilcox and Howland, 1956; Hessein and Perring, 1986; Zalom et al., 1986; Royalty and Perring, 1988; Royalty and Perring, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesSteffan, 1972; Coulson and Witter, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Eradicated Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus auroguttatus (goldspotted oak borer) Present YesColeman et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara puberula Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present Miklasiewicz and Walker, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced YesCarlton, 1979; Newman, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Eradicated NAPPO, 2009; Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Absent, intercepted only Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2008; Lingafelter and Hoebeke, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Eradicated Degrande, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Ebeling, 1959; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; Rosenheim et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced Sanford, 1994; Kim and Oguro, 1999; Piereira and Chaud-Netto, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthrips rancidella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Widespread Native YesTrumble, 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly) Eradicated IPPC, 2015; Foote et al., 1993; CDFA, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Eradicated Introduced Foote et al., 1993; NAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Eradicated YesCABI/EPPO, 2013; NAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Eradicated NAPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present Introduced Rice et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Transient: actionable, under eradication Introduced CDFA, 2013; Spaugy, 1988; Carey and Dowell, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Widespread Brown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Olson et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Widespread Native Baker and Tuttle, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Widespread CIE, 1988; McDaniel and Boe, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella mutica Present Introduced Ashton et al., 2007b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Localised Introduced YesCarlton and Cohen, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Transient: actionable, under eradication Gasparich et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; NAPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Groff et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoGill, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Gill, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite) Present Introduced YesAtkinson et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Heinrich , 1921; Powell , 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Absent, formerly present Introduced YesLight, 1936.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulata Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesDarsie and Ward, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDactylotrypes longicollis Present Introduced LaBonte and Takahashi, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle) Present Native YesFurniss and Carolin, 1977; Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Ciesla and Coulston, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle) Restricted distribution Native YesFurniss and Orr, 1978; Wood, 1982; Ciesla and Coulston, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle) Widespread Native YesWood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Widespread Native NoRoss and Arnett, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present, few occurrences Campbell, 2008; NAPPO, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2011; NAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Introduced NoWoodruff, 1967; Baker, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Widespread Webster and Amosson, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrepanaphis acerifoliae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Widespread Introduced Burrack et al., 2012; NAPPO, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present NAPPO, 2010a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Restricted distribution Introduced YesKeen, 1952; Kloft et al., 1964; Holms and Ruth, 1968; Koot, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth) Present Introduced YesUSDA-APHIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle) Present YesSeeno and Andrews, 1972; UK CAB International, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced Gollasch , 1997; NHM, 2004; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesCapinera, 2013; Langston and Powell, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Native CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Introduced YesGill, 1998; Brennan et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Cowles and Downer, 1995; Hanks et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Denmark, 1967; UK CAB International, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Introduced YesKnodel and Hoebeke, 1996; Koch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Hessein and McMurtry, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present McKenzie, 1935; CIE, 1976; Argyriou, 1990; Chu and Wood, 1990; Gill, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Eradicated Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus pluchei Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster) Localised Introduced Rathbun , 1892; Ford and Krekorian, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; Gill, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Gill, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Localised Introduced Menzies, 1957; Carlton, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Widespread Introduced YesKofoid and Miller, 1927; Carlton, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Woodworth, 1908.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Absent, invalid record IPPC, 2009; Poe, 1982; Spencer and Steyskal, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present Spencer and, 1986; EPPO, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present Kuschel, 1951; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Restricted distribution High, 1939; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Morrone, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Eradicated IPPC, 2009; NAPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Absent, intercepted only USDA-APHIS, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Kean et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMatile-Ferrero et al., 2000; Anon., 2000a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Widespread Native NoWittenborn and Olkowski, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Widespread Easton, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Absent, unreliable record Van Duzee, 1917; Metcalf and Bruner, 1948; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm) Present Introduced Chew et al., 1964; Chew et al., 1965; Katkansky and Warner, 1968; Bradley and Siebert, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Hoffmann et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Burks et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona omoscopa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Present Introduced YesRiegel, 1959.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Introduced YesHaack, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Olson et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Native YesLewis , 2002; United States Geological Survey, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Widespread Introduced YesNewman, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; Beasley and Adams, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole moerens Present Martinez et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Native YesMcKenzie, 1967; Goeden, 1971; Gordh, 1979; Pinto and Frommer, 1980; Fuchs et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Introduced Hanks et al., 1998; Paine et al., 2000; Kliejunas et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present Le et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Present Native
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Hickman, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutus Present Introduced Gander, 1927.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced YesHuner , 2002a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present NoIIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale) Present Ben-Dov et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Absent, formerly present Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced YesGimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinus Present Introduced YesFleminger and Kramer, 1988; Orsi and Walter, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesCISR, 2013; EFETAC, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly) Present, few occurrences Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced Andres and Rees, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Localised Introduced Jones, 1940; Petersen, 2006; Petersen, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Eradicated IPPC, 2015; NAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; Wattanapongsiri, 1966; NAPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Hamon and Williams, 1984; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper) Present Native YesSong, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Vaurie, 1971; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoKnutson and Orth, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphonatrophia cupressi Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Bellows et al., 1990; Sorensen et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native Risch and Carroll, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper) Present Introduced NoGarrison, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda nobilis (false widow spider) Present, few occurrences Introduced Vetter and Rust, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Absent, intercepted only O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Absent, confirmed by survey NAPPO, 2016; Gilligan et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present Boyce et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesVetter et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket) Widespread Native NoAkre et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLinsley and MacLeod, 1942; Hobson and Bright, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Haack, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanus Present Introduced YesNico and Fuller, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Localised Introduced Hovey and Swift, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Smith, 1896; Dill and Cordone, 1997; USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Curtis , 1949.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalis Present Introduced Moyle, 1976; Wydoski and Whitney, 1979; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Fuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad) Localised Introduced Barrett, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Localised Introduced USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison) Localised Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2006; Gates et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuus Localised Introduced NoLambert and Lambert, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate) Present Introduced Davidson et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Native Stackhouse, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native NatureServe, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti) Localised Native NoO’Gara and Dundas, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoSafari Club International, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Present only in captivity/cultivation Feldhamer and Demarais, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler) Localised Introduced Invasive Species Council of California, ISCC.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead) Present Introduced YesFish and Wildlife Service, 2002; USGS, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Absent, formerly present Introduced Banta and Morafka, 1966; Bury and Luckenbach, 1976; Stebbins, 1985; Jennings, 1987; Holland, 1994; Jennings, 2004; Kraus, 2009; Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Introduced Nico, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Introduced Ryall, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner) Widespread Introduced Hubbs, 1954; Moyle, 1976; Brandenburg and Gido, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Introduced University of California Davis, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Bureau of Land Management, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Widespread Introduced Smith , 1896; Dill and Cordone, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLampropeltis californiae Present Native California Herps, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced YesDill and Cordone, 1997; NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Introduced Dill and Cordone, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth) Present Introduced Smith, 1896; Shebley, 1917; Evermann and Clark, 1931; Lampman, 1946; Lanse, 1965; Moyle, 1976; Dill and Cordone, 1997; Sommer et al., 2001; Matern et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Widespread Introduced Moyle, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamiger Widespread Introduced YesLambert and Lambert, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced YesFuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Restricted distribution Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Eradicated Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Larivière, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer) Widespread Native YesFeldhamer et al., 2003; Manuwal and Sweitzer, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Native Behnke, 2002; Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Native NoDore , 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Localised Introduced Uloth, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoJennings, 1987; Brown, 1997; Jennings, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Eradicated Introduced Dill and Cordone, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPeromyscus fraterculus (Northern Baja deermouse) Present Native NoMusser and Carleton, 2005; Timm et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present Introduced Nelson and Paetz, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Widespread Introduced YesDeichsel et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Present Introduced Swift et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensis Widespread Introduced YesLambert and Lambert, 1998; Lambert and Lambert, 2003; Cohen et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie) Present Introduced Moyle, 1976; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) Present Introduced NoMoyle, 1976; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced Hardy, 1964; Hardy, 1973; Hardy, 1973; Mabb, 1997; Mabb, 2002; City of Bakersfield, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Widespread Introduced YesBury and Whelan, 1984; Lannoo, 2005; University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, 2005; Kraus, 2009; McKercher and Gregoire, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Localised Introduced Dill and Cordone, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel) Localised Introduced YesJameson and Peeters, 1988; King et al., 2010; Claytor, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesSchuyler et al., 2002; Barrett and Birmingham, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia) Present Introduced YesCourtenay and Hensley, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced YesCosta-Pierce, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon) Widespread Introduced YesVosjoli and Ferguson, 1995; McKeown, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Widespread Native NoMarti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Introduced, not established Introduced Courtenay and Meffe, 1989; Nico and Fuller, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Localised Introduced Courtenay et al., 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesHand and Gwilliam, 1951; Hand and Jones, 1957; Aldrich, 1961; Siegfried et al., 1980; Cohen and Carlton, 1995; Wasson et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertens Present, few occurrences McConnaughey et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Widespread Introduced YesYasutake and Wolf, 1970.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Widespread Introduced YesCarlton, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam) Localised Introduced YesCarlton et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced YesStearns, 1900; Basinger, 1931; Auffenberg and Stange, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Friedman and Hedrick, 1995; Friedman, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Localised Introduced NoKennedy et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesReise et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoWhite-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Bari, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Introduced YesUSGS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced YesUSGS-NAS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoOrcutt, 1890; McDonnell et al., 2009; NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoCarlton, 2007; San Francisco Estuary Partnership, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present Introduced Howells et al., 2006; Rawlings et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Introduced McDonald and Koehn, 1988; Wonham, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing) Present Introduced Ray, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present Cerutti, 1998; Howells et al., 2006; Rawlings et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Widespread Introduced Herbst et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Magoon and Vining, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Chace, 1915; Basinger, 1927; Gammon, 1943; Armitage, 1949; Mead, 1971; Cowie, 1987; Cowie, 1990; Roth and Sadeghian, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug) Absent, intercepted only Introduced McDonnell et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present Sturhan, 1962; Siddiqui et al., 1973; Raabe, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode) Present Mundo-Ocampo et al., 1994; Cherry et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; Viglierchio, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Viglierchio et al., 1973; Hart, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Sher, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Walters et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Present , 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Taylor et al., 1982; Walters and Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Taylor et al., 1982; Walters and Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Present, few occurrences Pitcher et al., 1974; Brown, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Raski et al., 1971; Raski and Schmitt, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Hoffman, 1999; Warburton et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Introduced UNEP, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesTrowbridge, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Hayden and Waaland, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesTiffany et al., 2007; Sager et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed) Widespread Introduced YesAbbott and Hollenberg, 1976; Phillips, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp) Present Introduced Thornber et al., 2003; Silva et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native Richerson and Grigarick, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Tracy, 1940; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Hultén and Fries, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Absent, unreliable record Loan van, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Crane, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Rayachhetry et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present YesMcFarland et al., 2004; GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Introduced Doty, 1985a.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Absent, formerly present Introduced Doty and Norris, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Present Introduced Hollenberg, 1944; Abbott and Hollenberg, 1976; Scagel et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present only in captivity/cultivation Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Widespread Introduced NoHolt and Boose, 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced California Invasive Plant Council, Cal-IPC.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Restricted distribution Introduced California Invasive Plant Council, CAL-IPC.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present, few occurrences NoBaldwin et al., 2012; PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesLuken and Thieret , 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2004; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; Luken and Thieret , 1997; Knapp , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2004; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Present Introduced YesZedler and Black, 2004; Victorian Resources Online, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Hickman, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced SE-EPPC, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Present Introduced YesBottel, 1933; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced YesCalflora, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Introduced Coulson, 1977; EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Introduced Jepson Flora Poject, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Hauptli and Jain, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present USDA, 1970; Zhang et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Hrusa et al., 2002; Mosyakin and Robertson, 2003; Jepson eFlora, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Strother, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Widespread Native Britton and Brown, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine) Present Native Wyman, 1944.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia intermedia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Randall, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium abietinum (fir dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium tsugense (hemlock dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present YesSwearingen, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present YesXerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Localised Calflora, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015; Cal-IPC, California Invasive Plant Council.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Present YesCalflora, 2012; Hickman, 1993; Hrusa and Glazner, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Introduced Hull and Mooney, 1990; USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Localised Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Collins and Blackwell, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Introduced Hickman, 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Introduced YesCalflora, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Localised Introduced YesAmme, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Hoopes and Hall, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Widespread Introduced Geological Survey, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present YesCalifornia Invasive Plant Council, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Introduced YesWatson , 1880; Parish and , 1920; Burcham , 1957; Frenkel , 1977; Junak and et al. , 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Introduced Jain , 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced Hitchcock, 1950; Gould, 1951; Kearney and Peebles, 1951; CalEPPC, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Widespread Introduced YesHitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present YesRoja, 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2008; Calflora, 2009; NatureServe, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Introduced GBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Cudney et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Localised Introduced Gildenhuys et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced Merwin, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Present Introduced NoPatterson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Introduced Peerzada et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Introduced YesDiTomaso and Kyser, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesDuncan, 2001; , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Present, few occurrences Introduced YesHowell, 1959; Robbins et al., 1970; Hickman, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Widespread Introduced YesDiTomaso and Healy, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Widespread Introduced YesDiTomaso, 2001; Duncan, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesDuncan, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Widespread Introduced YesMunz, 1973; Calflora, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed) Present Introduced NoParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced YesDewey, 1897.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced YesHodgson, 1971; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium ochrocentrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced Mitich, 1998; Randall, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia amoena Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia purpurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesKempen and Graf, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Jepson Manual, 2009; The Calflora Database, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present YesLambrinos, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka) Present Little and Skolmen, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present, few occurrences Introduced Jacobson and Zika, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBarbe, 1976; Davis and Sherman, 1991; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Widespread Introduced YesHammel and Reeder, 1979; Randall, 2012; eMonocot, 2015; GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass) Widespread Introduced YesHammel and Reeder, 1979; Randall, 2012; eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced NoParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucurbita foetidissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood) Present Introduced NoHEAR, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Gilman and Watson, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced YesUSDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Introduced PLANTS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder) Localised Introduced YesHrusa and Kelch, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla) Widespread Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Barrett and Seaman, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Widespread Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present only in captivity/cultivation USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Localised Introduced NoCalflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Widespread Introduced YesMunz, 1959; Barkley, 1993; UCJeps, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDicentra formosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba verna (spring whitlowgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Wiley and Darlington, 1985; Keeley and Thullen, 1993; Norris, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Restricted distribution Introduced YesJepson, 1979; Hickman, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass) Present Introduced YesHickman, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Native Anderson, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Restricted distribution Introduced Robbins et al., 1951; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Restricted distribution Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Widespread Native YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Introduced Barkworth et al., 2003; Peterson, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed) Present Introduced Wilken and Hannah, 1998; Hoban and Hoshovsky, 2000; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron glaucus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa acuminata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced YesAnon, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced Hanks et al., 1995; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; Riordan et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Restricted distribution Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread YesCalifornia Invasive Plant Council, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Gilman, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present PIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash) Present YesHrusa et al., 2002; Calflora, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal) Present NoConsortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria, CNPWH.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Widespread Introduced YesJepson, 1979; Hickman, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia capitata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia tricolor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced YesIsely , 1975; Thompson et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Localised Introduced YesLeppig, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Gilman and Watson , 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesMcClintock, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present YesReichard, 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dave's Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium autumnale Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus ciliaris (Texas blueweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced YesBrooks, 2004; DiTommaso et al., 2013; GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; CalFlora, 2000; PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; Pieterse, 1981; Spencer and Ksander, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Widespread YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Widespread Native NoConsortium of California Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush) Present Introduced Zika, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced Morton, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula dentata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Anderson, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium appelianum (hairy whitetop) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present YesGBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoStarr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Nesom, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoUSGS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Hitchchock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Localised Introduced YesOkada et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Widespread Native The Jepson Online Interchange, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present NoPIER, 2015; ILDIS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole) Present Native NoJSTOR Global Plants, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced YesStuckey, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced Dray et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced Anon, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Introduced YesVitousek, 1992; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Localised YesCalflora, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea (Cape tulip) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea collina (Cape tulip) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Widespread Introduced YesAnderson, 1993; Rejmanek and Randall, 1994; Bossard et al., 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Unconfirmed record USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Eiswerth et al., 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present GBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNemophila menziesii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoGuala, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced YesYoung and Evans, 1969; Keil and Turner, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple) Present Native YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Eradicated Introduced Eplee et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum hillmanii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929; Robbins et al., 1951; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced YesRiefner and Boyd, 2007; Calflora, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Introduced YesRiefner and Columbus, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Introduced YesRejmánek, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced YesRejmánek, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008; Wilen and Holt, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Widespread Introduced Jepson Flora Project, 2012; Lovich, 2000; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia campanularia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Groenigen and Kessel, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Widespread Introduced Robbins et al., 1970; Reed, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Baudoin, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced YesEDDMapS, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Widespread NoHickman, 1993; CalFlora, 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced YesKnapp, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Present Native Lindsay, 1932; Forde, 1966; Forde, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPleuraphis jamesii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlumbago auriculata (Cape leadwort) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present YesHitchcock, 1951; Swearingen, 2009; Invasiveorg, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Sieckert, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Naylor et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced YesGuertin, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Zimmerman, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Widespread Native YesJohnston, 1962; Burkart, 1976; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present, few occurrences Introduced Popenoe, 1920; Sweet, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia nuttalliana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRetama monosperma (bridal broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Present YesMunger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Introduced NoBecking, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort) Present Introduced YesCreager, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced YesCE-PPC, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesLuken and Thieret, 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Introduced YesBossard et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Dave's Garden, 2016; Pacific Horticulture, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale montanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum spathulifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, and, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Restricted distribution YesRandall, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Widespread Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native GBIF, 2012; Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSidalcea malviflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Unconfirmed record USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium californicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present USDA-NRCS and, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Widespread Introduced YesAmor, 1978; Robinson et al., 1978; Boyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Localised YesEDDMapS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) Present Introduced YesDaehler and Strong, 1995; Daehler and Strong, 1996; Anttila and Daehler, 1997; Daehler and Strong, 1997; Grevstad et al., 2003; Ayres et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Introduced YesISSG, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Calflora, 2014; NatureServe, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Unconfirmed record USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (African marigold) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Restricted distribution Introduced NoBaum, 1967; Luken and Thieret, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBaum, 1967; Crins, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk) Present USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Widespread Introduced YesBaum, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Widespread Introduced YesBaum, 1967; Crins, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Robbins et al., 1951; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Anderson, 1990; USDA-NRCS, 2007; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Widespread Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Carey, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Flora, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Introduced IUCN, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bracteata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; Kartesz, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced YesHoward, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthocyparis nootkatensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Frahm, 1980; Norris and Shevock, 2004; Frahm, 2007.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoni Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Power and Human, 1976; Hill and Bogue, 1977; Emanuelson et al., 1978; Harris et al., 1978; McDonald et al., 1981; Wheeldon et al., 1985.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Gildow, 1990.
Virusbluetongue virus Present
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Present Kuo et al., 2007.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Rowhani et al., 1997.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present Introduced Moyer and Mohan, 1993; Poole et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Widespread Shepherd et al., 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; Ling and Sfetcu, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabies virus Present
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash) Present Flock and Mayhew, 1981; Cohen et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Widespread Introduced NoJepson et al., 1975.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
amoebic gill disease Present Kent et al., 1988.
amyloodiniosis Present Kuperman et al., 2001.
anaplasmosis Widespread Behymer et al., 1991; Clark et al., 1993; Jessup et al., 1993; Chomel et al., 1994; Elliott et al., 1994.
avian infectious bronchitis Present Moore et al., 1998.
avian trichomoniasis Present Rupiper and Harmon, 1988; Willoughby et al., 1995.
avipox Present Power and Human, 1976; Hill and Bogue, 1977; Emanuelson et al., 1978; Harris et al., 1978; McDonald et al., 1981; Wheeldon et al., 1985.
babesiosis Present Thomford et al., 1993; Kjemtrup et al., 1995; Singer et al., 1997.
Bibersteinia trehalosi infections Present Tomassini et al., 2009.
bluetongue Widespread Pearson et al., 1992; Tomori et al., 1992.
Borrelia anserina infections Localised Hoffman and Jackson, 1956; Cooper and Bickford, 1993.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Hoffman, 1999; Warburton et al., 2002.
botulism Present Linares et al., 1994; Williams and Whitlock, 1998; Galey et al., 2000; Swift et al., 2000.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Bibrack and McKercher, 1971; Lehmkuhl et al., 1999.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Aguirre et al., 1995.
caseous lymphadenitis Present Madewell et al., 1990.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Introduced YesPadgett-Flohr and Hopkins, 2009.
Clostridium septicum bacteraemia Present Willoughby et al., 1996.
cold-water disease Present Brown and et al. , 1997.
contagious ecthyma Present Clark et al., 1993; Elliott et al., 1994.
cryptobiosis Present Kuperman et al., 2002.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Anderson et al., 1998; Khalakdina et al., 2003.
Derzsy's disease Present Woolcock et al., 2000.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present Lee et al., 1993.
Digenean infections of fish Present Martin, 1955.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
enteric septicaemia of catfish Present Plumb, 1999a.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1997; USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Splitter, 1950b.
epitheliocystis Present Groff et al., 1996.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Present Hedrick and McDowell , 1995.
equine protozoal myeloencephalitis Present
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present, few occurrences McDonald and Dutton, 1990.
fowlpox Present Morishita et al., 1998.
giardiasis Widespread Atwill et al., 1997.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Kennedy et al., 1958; Kennedy and Biberstein, 1960; Akhtar et al., 1996; Akhtar et al., 1997.
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fish Present Wales and Wolf, 1955.
infectious coryza Present Dronal et al., 1990a; Dronal et al., 1990b; Blackall et al., 1997.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Ross and et al. , 1960.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Reno, 1999.
koi herpesvirus disease Present Gray et al., 2002; Waltzek and Hedrick, 2004.
lyme borreliosis Localised Lane and Lavoie, 1988.
malignant catarrhal fever Present Hatkin, 1980.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Singer et al., 1998.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoSakanari et al., 1983; Hedrick et al., 1987.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Present Uhaa et al., 1990.
Mycoplasma meleagridis infections Present Hird et al., 1991.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Widespread Smith and Sherman, 1994.
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm) Present Introduced Chew et al., 1964; Chew et al., 1965; Katkansky et al., 1967; Bradley and Siebert, 1978.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Hendrickson et al., 1989; Modin, 1998.
neosporosis Widespread Anderson et al., 1995; Thurmond et al., 1997.
nocardiosis of fish Present Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 2004b.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present Salmon et al., 1999.
paratuberculosis Present Merkal et al., 1987.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Rimler and Rhoades, 1987; Botzler, 2002.
piscirickettsiosis Present Chen et al., 2000.
porcine circovirus infections Present Daft et al., 1996.
rabies Localised Krebs et al., 1999.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Smith et al., 1987.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Hammami et al., 1990; Behymer et al., 1991.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Guidry et al., 1997; Hernández and Baca, 1998.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Povar and Brownstein, 1947; Cardona et al., 1993; Droual et al., 1997.
summer mastitis Present Lean et al., 1987.
tick-borne fever Present Barlough et al., 1997a.
tularaemia Present GEIGER, 1931.
turkey viral hepatitis Present Klein et al., 1991.
varroosis of honey bees Present Boyce et al., 2002.
vesicular stomatitis Present Bridgewater, 1983; Goodger et al., 1985.
vibriosis in fish Present Love and et al. , 1981.
whirling disease Widespread Introduced YesYasutake and Wolf, 1970.
Xenohaliotis californiensis infection Widespread YesCrosson et al., 2014.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file