Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Kerala

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Kerala
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Part of: India
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO, 2011
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentThankamma & Nair, 1989; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984; Anon, 1963
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadJOSHI et al., 1970; Joshi et al., 1978
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)LocalisedNair et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentSathiamma et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesPalaniswami et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedLal & Pillai, 1981; Rao & Pillai, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesNaidu, 1980; Lyla et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeaeWidespreadDavid et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadDavid et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentAkhila & Jiji, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauWidespreadDavid et al., 2008; David et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Muraleedharan & Chandrasekharan, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentDhileepan, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentNHM, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesNorris & Murray, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentJohnson, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadYesSamuel et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentCIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)LocalisedIntroducedYesRaju et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams, 2004; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentLevin et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentBhatti, 1990; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentDhileepan, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentSingh & Ramani, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesRao, 1951; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentBharathimeena et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentJosephrajkumar et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014; NHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentKrishnakumar & Rajan, 2009; Lyla & Philip, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentPrakasan, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)WidespreadKapur, 1961; Saradamma, 1973; Sathiamma, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentGopinadhan et al., 1990; Dhileepan, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Ramakrishna Ayyar & Margabandhu, 1931
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentSaradamma et al., 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentYesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedAbdul & Sivakumar, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)WidespreadNativeYesBirdLife International, 2009; Juniper & Parr, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig & Weick, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedRaghavan et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentPrasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedYesRamana & Mohandas, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentSheela et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadRaveendran & Nadakal, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentReni & Mohandas, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentNadakal & Thomas, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadNair, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeVarghese et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)WidespreadNativeThomas, 1976; Madhusoodanan et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentBhat & Kaveriappa, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedKamalam & Bridgit, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedJulien et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedKumar et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeKrishnankutty, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeContu, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeShukla, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesSastry & Kavathekar, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedPrasad & Raveendran, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedShylaja et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)WidespreadRama, 1914
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesJoseph, 1986; Reddy, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentGeorge et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedMusthafa & Potty, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentVarghese & Nair, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentDevi et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedPeriyar Foundation, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesMeusel & Jäger, 1992; Rao & Sagar, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentSulochana et al., 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedCentral National Herbarium, Botanical Survey of India
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentCook, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentSudhakara & Nair, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedKerala Plants, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentIntroducedNayar & Sworupanandan, 1978; Abhilash et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativeLansdown, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentNativeBally, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentRavi et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)WidespreadIntroducedYesSankaran, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedSannamarappa, 1987; Alex et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedMuniappan & Viraktamath, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedMusthafa & Potty, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)WidespreadIntroducedMahadevappa, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedRavishankar, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Restricted distributionNativeRao et al., 1970; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentShukla, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedBiodiversity India, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus racemosus (black raspberry)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)WidespreadCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Manilal & Sivarajan, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentSingh & Gopalakrishnan, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentMuraleedharan et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedBiodiversity India, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentMathew & Balakrishnan, 1991; Estelitta et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedSunilkumar, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeTropical Forages, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHosmani, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentSulochana et al., 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentDevi et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)Present, few occurrencesNativeLamark, 1808; Gamble, 1928; India Biodiversity Portal, 2015
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentCherian et al., 2004
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1998
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentRaj et al., 2007
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentPrasanth & Hegde, 2008

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesNorris & Murray, 1964
ChytridiomycosisLocalisedIntroducedNair et al., 2011
paratuberculosisPresentPaily et al., 1979
Pasteurella multocida infectionsLocalisedKumar et al., 2004
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE, 1994

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file