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Datasheet

British Columbia

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    British Columbia
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 947,800
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Victoria
  • Part of: Canada
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeBoyer, 1927; Cleve, 1896
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentMcIntosh, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)LocalisedIntroducedYesAtkinson, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentMortensen & Molloy, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Toms, 1964
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Elmhirst et al., 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativeLowe, 1969; Hinds, 1985
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)WidespreadNativeYesKope, 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesUK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Restricted distributionIntroducedDaughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentNativeGinns, 1986; Conners, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentGinns, 1986
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeCummins & Stevenson, 1956; Crane, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentCampbell & Antos, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Ziller, 1974; Wood, 1986; Allen et al., 1996; Zeglen, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)PresentNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumWidespreadNativeChase & Ullrich, 1990
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionNewton & Johnson, 1944; Newton & Johnson, 1932; Green, 1971b
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)EradicatedCFIA, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadGarner et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedYesTurnquist & Harris, 1993; Wood, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969; Anon, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedYesCarlton, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentForbes & Chan, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPletsch, 1947; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedInsect Identification, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedMaier & Lemmon, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)LocalisedIntroducedGillespie et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentDolinski, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentNativeWood & Ross, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentWatson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentHumble, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle)PresentNativeYesWood, 1982; Amman et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Routledge, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)Restricted distributionNativeYesWood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Furniss & Orr, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeYesWood, 1982; Schmid & Frye, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)PresentSafranyik et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Agr. Canada
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentJones et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)WidespreadIntroducedThistlewood et al., 2012; NAPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes confusus (western balsam bark beetle)PresentWood, 1982; EPPO, 2014; Bright, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesLewis et al., 1999; Keen, 1952; Pillsbury, 1960; Kloft et al., 1964; Holms & Ruth, 1968; Koot, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)PresentIntroducedYesCampbell et al., 1989; UK CAB International, 1987; Bousquet, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedYesTreherne, 1923; Chant & McLeod, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedYesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentSteiner & Elliott, 1983; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedRathbun , 1892; Fraser , 1916; Ghelardi & Shoop, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; Jacques, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)WidespreadYesClamp, 1988; Menzies, 1957; Quayle, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015; Kean et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentBousquet, 1991; Easton, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedBower et al., 1992; Marshall et al., 2003; Bernard, 1969; Goater & Weber, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentCopley & Cannings, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentRutherford et al., 1987; Li et al., 1995; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentIntroducedBorkent & Cannings, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedKozár et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedYesNatural Resources Canada, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)PresentFoote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesNAPPO, 2007; NAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentFields et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentHumble et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedHumble et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedSmith & Humble, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentCIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)LocalisedIntroducedYesArcher, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)WidespreadNativeAkre et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMathers, 1940; Bright, 1968; Wood, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesBright & Skidmore, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesKrcmar-Nozic et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedScott & Crossman , 1973; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesScott & Crossman, 1973; Crossman, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)LocalisedNativeGates et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadNativeMowbray et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiLocalisedNativeAbraham, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)WidespreadNativeTesky, 1995; NatureServe, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentNativeVan Dijk, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedFindlay & Halley, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)WidespreadNativeScott & Crossman, 1999; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedScott & Crossman, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)LocalisedIntroducedYesCrossman, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004; Scott & Crossman, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentNativeLong, 2003; Larivière, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)WidespreadNativeYesGolumbia et al., 2008; Feldhamer et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentNativeScott & Crossman, 1973; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentNativeDore , 1990; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)WidespreadIntroducedBrown et al., 2009; Froese Pauly, 2004; DFO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedeBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Nelson & Paetz, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)LocalisedNativeLarivière, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)LocalisedIntroducedNatureServe, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Orchard, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedMcAllister, 1990; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedCarl et al., 1959; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Robins et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Scott & Crossman, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)LocalisedIntroducedYesNagorsen, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, few occurrencesNativeCampbell et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesMace & Mackie, 1970; Carlton, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentNativeFofonoff et al., 2015; McClean Fraser, 1942
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesCounts, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedYesCanadian Food Inspection Agency, 2009; Taylor, 1914
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedHeritage & Bourne, 1975; Quayle, 1988; Heath & Bourne, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)LocalisedIntroducedYesWonham & Carlson, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesReise et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeForsyth, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadIntroducedNatureServe, 2014; Quick, 1960
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedHeath et al., 1995; Wonham, 1999; Government of British Columbia, 2005; Shields et al., 2008; Shields et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedNatureServe, 2015; Forsyth, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)LocalisedIntroducedDavidson et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedYesBower et al., 1992; BCSGA, 2003; Munroe & McKinley, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Vrain & Lalik, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesOrchard, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiAbsent, invalid recordChoudhury et al., 2006; Arai & Mudry, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesPhillips, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeDarbyshire, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedScagel et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroducedMunger , 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Luken & Thieret, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentIntroducedNuzzo, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)LocalisedIntroduced; Mulligan, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2015; Plants of Canada Database, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentWeaver & McWilliams, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedCostea et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentNativeBassett & Crompton, 1975; Crockett, 1977; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBassett & Crompton, 1975; Bassett & Terasmae, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeMulligan, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedNatureServe, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedYesAllred & Barkworth, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe)PresentNativeYesEPPO, 2014; Connell, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium laricis (larch dwarf mistletoe)PresentHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium tsugense (hemlock dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentDouglas et al, 1998; USDA-ARS, 2015; Groh, 1944
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Collins & Blackwell, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Absent, intercepted onlyBarkworth et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedBrouillet et al., 2006; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedAlberta Weed Monitoring Network, 2014; Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock , 1944; Gibbs & Russel et al. , 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Arnold & de Wet , 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock , 1944; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Arnold & de Wet , 1993; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1944; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren, 1977; Tselev, 1984; Arnold & de Wet, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedCanadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)WidespreadIntroducedYesCronquist et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; Craig & McCoy, 2005; Douglas et al.1998; NatureServe, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008; Darbyshire, 2003; Brouillet et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentHanks, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedBitterlich & MacDonald, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesDesrochers et al., 1988b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Meidinger et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesDuncan, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephalaPresentIntroducedYesRoché, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedBrouillet et al., 2006; Roché & Roché, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesDuncan, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesDuncan, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)LocalisedIntroducedYesCanadensys, 2016; Tuma & Weedon, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadWesterdahl & Getsinger, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedYesMoore, 1975; Queen's Printer, 2001; Darbyshire, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)WidespreadIntroducedDarbyshire, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesAnon., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentNativeBrouillet et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)LocalisedIntroducedGarry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentIntroducedYesTaylor & MacBryde, 1977; Anon., 2002a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPeterson & Prasad, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)LocalisedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Darbyshire, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentWeaver & Warwick, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; Freeman, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadSpicer & Catling, 1988; E-Flora, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentIntroducedYesAnderson et al., 2003; Quimby & Wendel, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedYesAAC, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentYesUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativePIER, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentNativeConsortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria (CNPWH), 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)LocalisedIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2009; Brouillet et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014; GBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMurray & Jones, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentEPPO, 2014; Morton, 1975; Dawe & White, 1979; Page et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; Brouillet et al., 2006; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2016; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)WidespreadNativeKlinkenberg, 2016; NatureServe, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedCranston et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)WidespreadIntroducedYesVujnovic & Wein, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedMal et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedAnderson, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedYesDarbyshire, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesDoust et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)WidespreadIntroducedYesCain et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedHill et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedGucker, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesScoggan, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesScoggan, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentIntroducedYesScoggan, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedYesGarry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentIntroducedDouglas et al., 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentMertens & Raven, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedMiyanishi & Cavers, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014; Klinkenberg, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesCarpenter & Murray, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesWhite & et al. , 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedYesMunger, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentNativeYesHaeussler & Coates, 1986; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesStopps et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesCranston et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadIntroducedYesHarris et al., 1971; Scoggan, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadIntroducedYesRobinson et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)LocalisedIntroducedSteel et al., 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadDouglas et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedAlberta Weed Monitoring Network, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisLocalisedIntroducedYesCastro, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesKilbride et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesWilliams, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014; NatureServe, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedCrompton et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)WidespreadIntroducedWelham & Setter, 1998; Stewart-Wade et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadNativeJex-Blake, 1957
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesClements et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentFlora, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Douglas et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallow-wort)PresentIntroducedSheeley & Raynal, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedHoward, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Restricted distributionWeaver & Lechowicz, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedTaylor, 1997; Frahm, 2007
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentEPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentLing et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2009
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)PresentConners, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
avian influenzaLast reported 2004OIE, 2004b
bacterial kidney diseasePresentEvelyn et al., 1973
bluetongueLocalisedDulac et al., 1992
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionAbsent, invalid recordChoudhury et al., 2006; Arai & Mudry, 1983
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadGarner et al., 2006
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno, 1999
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedBower et al., 1992; Marshall et al., 2003; Bernard, 1969; Goater & Weber, 1996
piscirickettsiosisPresentEvelyn, 1992

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file