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Datasheet

Sao Paulo

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Widespread YesColetta-Filho et al., 2004.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present Ferrari et al., 2003.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Widespread Native Arruda, 1940; Oliveira, 1966; Valarini and Tokeshi, 1980; Silveira et al., 1985; Ribeiro et al., 1987; Firmino et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Reis et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Present Native YesCardoso and Rossetti, 1964; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Restricted distribution Introduced YesFerrari et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew) Native NoWaller et al., 1992; Shomari, 1996.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Defigueiredo and Pereira, 1944; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present May, 1964.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Soave et al., 1985.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present Introduced YesTessmann et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Kohli, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Widespread Graça et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Pieri et al., 2016.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Schloegel et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present Návia et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite) Localised Native NoKeifer, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Camargo-Neves et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Machado et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present Pena et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly) Present Native NoBezzi, 1919a; Fischer, 1934; Zucchi, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Present Native NoSteck et al., 1990; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Present Malavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Present Habib and Fernandes, 1983; Ramiro et al., 1989; Gabriel et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present Sousa-Silva et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced YesGonçalves, 2004; Sanchez and Malerbo-Souza, 2004; Piereira and Chaud-Netto, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966; Foldi, 1988; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus nepos Present Fernandes et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesSánchez-Soto Nakano, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Introduced Mantelatto and Dias, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Watanabe et al., 2000; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Localised Native Zabin et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesAraujo, 1958.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Heinemann and Belkin, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtzi Localised Introduced Zanata et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Vilela and Mori, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Introduced Ferreira et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Introduced Rosado Neto, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Arruda et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present Bueno et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Peronti et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Ramiro et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present Introduced YesCintra, 1975b; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present Novo and Gabriel, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Tonet et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Huner , 2002a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; Culik and Gullan, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Pacheco et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present Introduced Iede and Zanetti, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Da-Cruz, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Widespread Introduced YesFowler et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Wilcken et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Lourenção et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Manrique and Soares, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesFlechtmann and Gaspareto, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoSchedl, 1972; Schedl, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Widespread Introduced Cockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish) Present Native NoFishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Silvano and Begossi, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Localised Bonino et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish) Present Native NoArias and Reznick, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensis Widespread NoMillar, 1958.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Lima et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRoque et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Ostini and Pereira, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel) Present Introduced YesAvelar et al., 2004; Darrigran and Mansur, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Introduced YesVaz et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Absent, invalid record Native
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Curi et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present Native NoCastro et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Curi and Silveira, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Curi and Silveira, 1978; Lordello et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Monteiro and Lordello, 1974; Rossi et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Zem and Lordello, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Lordello et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoPrado, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native Tofoli et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native Dittrich et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present Introduced YesMynssen, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present only in captivity/cultivation Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present ILDIS, 2007; I3N-Brasil, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native Mondin et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Widespread Native NoLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Quintão et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Koch et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Julien et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Native Senna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Marchioretto, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Maas et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Native Forzza, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Filgueiras, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native Instituto Agronómico Campinas, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Paulo et al., 1997; Fonseca et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Introduced Sá, 2015; Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesBrandao, 1995; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Native Somner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Koch et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Blanco et al., 1981; Cruz et al., 1991; Ramos and Pitelli, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Native Almeida and Dematteis, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; Garcia and Monteiro, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina virginica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Flores, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Barroso, 1954; Brazilian Flora, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Filgueiras, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge) Present Native Simpson, 1989; Aparecido and Souza, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native NoLorenzi, 1949.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Filgueiras, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Canto-Dorow, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Widespread Native YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Carneiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Native Senna, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Lorenzi and, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Restricted distribution Native No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Native Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Borges, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Widespread Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass) Present Introduced YesZenni and Ziller, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Widespread Native NoBelcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced Melo, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Widespread Introduced YesPirani and Lopes, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Mondin, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced Mondin, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced Koch et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Present Native Grandtner and Chevrette, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Harley et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced CABI, 2005; I3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Souza, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesAlves and Xavier, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012; Filgueiras, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Localised Native Meyer, 1994b; Seixas et al., 2007; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Sebbenn et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Lorenzi, 1982; Kissmann and Groth, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Native NoForzza et al, 2010; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present YesForzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Lima and Snak, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Widespread Introduced YesBracelpa, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced YesPirani, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Ramos et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Martins et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Native NoSalimon and Negrelle, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty) Present Native Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Introduced NoLordello and Oliveira, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Simão-Bianchini, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Native Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Flora do Brasil, 2016; Abreu et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Forzza et al., 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Sánchez-Soto et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Widespread Native YesLorenzi, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present USDA-ARS, 2008; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced Francine et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Introduced YesKranz and Passini, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Inforzato, 1947.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Native Guimarães, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Widespread Native Barreto, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced YesForzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Martins et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Azzini et al., 1993; Pandit, 1998; Lorenzi, 2000; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present YesI3N Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Localised GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Frahm, 1991.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Widespread Bitancourt et al., 1933; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Widespread Nascimento et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusequine arteritis virus Present
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Kuniyuki et al., 2003.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Costa et al., 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Cezar et al., 2003.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present Luigi et al., 2016.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present Gonçalves et al., 2007.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosis Widespread Amaral and Valente, 1971; Franzolin et al., 1989; Guido et al., 1994; Benesi and Howard, 1999.
avian trichomoniasis Present Pereira and Almeida, 1943.
babesiosis Present Barci et al., 1994; Gaido et al., 1997.
Borrelia anserina infections Localised Nóbrega and Reis, 1947.
botulism Present Lisbôa et al., 1996.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Linhares et al., 1974.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present Gouvêa et al., 1989.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present Marinho and Mathias, 1996.
caseous lymphadenitis Present Garcia et al., 1987.
Chytridiomycosis Present Schloegel et al., 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Ambrosim et al., 2002; Cimerman et al., 2002; Franco and Cantusio, 2002; Gomes et al., 2002; Karasawa et al., 2002; Ragozo et al., 2002; Ortolani and Soares, 2003; Cantusio and Franco, 2004; Feitosa et al., 2004.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present Samara et al., 1997; D'Angelino et al., 1998.
leishmaniosis Widespread Motoie et al., 2013.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present Ranzani-Paiva et al., 2004.
paratuberculosis Present Castro and Nemoto, 1972.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Bittencourt and Rácz, 1992; Buzinaro and Jerez, 1998.
spring viraemia of carp Alexandrino et al., 1998.
turkey rhinotracheitis Present Dani et al., 1999a; Dani et al., 1999b.
varroosis of honey bees OIE, 2009; Manrique and Soares, 2004.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file