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Datasheet

Sao Paulo

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Sao Paulo
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)WidespreadYesColetta-Filho et al., 2004
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentFerrari et al., 2003
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)WidespreadNativeValarini & Tokeshi, 1980; Ribeiro et al., 1987; Arruda, 1940; Oliveira, 1966; Silveira et al., 1985; Firmino et al., 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedReis et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Goes and Feichtenberger, 1993; Goes at al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesCMI, 1990; Cardoso & Rossetti, 1964; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesFerrari et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Nogueira et al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentDefigueiredo & Pereira, 1944; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentMay, 1964
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentSoave et al., 1985
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentIntroducedYesTessmann et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentKohli, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)WidespreadGraça et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentSchloegel et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentNávia et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)LocalisedNativeKeifer, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCamargo-Neves et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentMachado et al., 1987; Silveira-Neto et al., 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentPena et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)PresentNativeMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)PresentNativeBezzi, 1919a; Fischer, 1934; Zucchi, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Souza Filho, 1999; Bezzi, Fischer; Bezzi, 1934
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)PresentNativeSteck et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentMalavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentHabib & Fernandes, 1983; Gabriel et al., 1991; Ramiro et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentSousa-Silva et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedYesGonçalves, 2004; Sanchez & Malerbo-Souza, 2004; Piereira & Chaud-Netto, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentFoldi, 1988; CIE, 1966; Claps et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSánchez-Soto Nakano, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadIntroducedMantelatto & Dias, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; Watanabe et al., 2000; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Claps et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusLocalisedNativeZabin et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSousa Silva & Ilharco, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesAraujo, 1958; Rocha EleotTrio & Berti Filho, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedHeinemann & Belkin, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziLocalisedIntroducedZanata et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentVilela & Mori, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedFerreira et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentIntroducedRosado Neto, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentArruda et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentBueno et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentPeronti et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresent
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentRamiro et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedYesCintra, 1975b; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentNovo & Gabriel, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesKempf, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentTonet et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHuner , 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Culik & Gullan, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentPacheco et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentIntroducedIede & Zanetti, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentDa-Cruz, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)WidespreadIntroducedYesFowler et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentWilcken et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLourenção et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Coelho & Franþa, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Manrique & Soares, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesFlechtmann & Gaspareto, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeSchedl, 1972; Schedl, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)WidespreadIntroducedCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedSilvano & Begossi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)LocalisedBonino et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeArias & Reznick, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisWidespreadMillar, 1958
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedLima et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoque et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedOstini & Pereira, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedYesAvelar et al., 2004; Darrigran & Mansur, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesPaiva, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedYesVaz et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, invalid recordNative
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; da Silveira et al., 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCuri et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Huang & Costa Manso, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentNativeCastro et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadCuri & Silveira, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadCuri & Silveira, 1978; Lordello et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentMonteiro & Lordello, 1974; Rossi et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentZem & Lordello, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentLordello et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Campos & Barbosa Ferraz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativePrado, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeTofoli et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeDittrich et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentIntroducedYesMynssen, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentILDIS, 2007; I3N-Brasil, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeYesLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeMondin et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)WidespreadNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedQuintão et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentNativeKoch et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentLorenzi, 1982; Julien et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeSenna, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentLorenzi, 1982; Marchioretto, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedMaas et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeForzza, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeInstituto Agronómico Campinas, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentPaulo et al., 1997; Fonseca et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedSá, 2015; Lorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeLima, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeLima, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesBrandao, 1995; Forzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedKoch et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentCruz et al., 1991; Ramos & Pitelli, 1994; Blanco et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeAlmeida & Dematteis, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Garcia & Monteiro, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedLeitman et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedFlores, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentBarroso, 1954; Brazilian Flora, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentValarini et al., 2003; Figueiredo et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeAparecido & Souza, 2007; Simpson, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1949
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentLorenzi, 1982; Canto-Dorow, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)WidespreadNativeYesLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedCarneiro, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeSenna, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentLorenzi &, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)Restricted distributionNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentNativeGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedBorges, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)WidespreadLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)WidespreadNativeBelcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedMelo, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentLorenzi, 1982; Mondin, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedMondin, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedKoch et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)PresentNativeGrandtner & Chevrette, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini & Ferreira, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedReflora, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedHarley et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005; I3N-Brasil, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSouza, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedYesSilva-Luz & Pirani, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesAlves & Xavier, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Filgueiras, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedSimão-Bianchini & Ferreira, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)LocalisedNativeSeixas et al., 2007; Meyer, 1994b; Forzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeSebbenn et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentEstelita-Texeira, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)WidespreadLorenzi, 1982; Kissmann & Groth, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Forzza et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeCervi, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedLima & Snak, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)WidespreadIntroducedYesBracelpa, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedYesPirani, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentRamos et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedLonghi-Wagner, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedReflora, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentMartins et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentNativeSalimon & Negrelle, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeRoskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedLordello & Oliveira, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedSimão-Bianchini, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeProfice et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil, 2016; Abreu et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014; Forzza et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentSánchez-Soto et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)WidespreadNativeYesLorenzi, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; Forzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedFrancine et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadIntroducedYesKranz & Passini, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedInforzato, 1947
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)LocalisedIntroducedZappi, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentNativeGuimarães, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)WidespreadNativeBarreto, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedYesForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentMartins et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeAzzini et al., 1993; Pandit, 1998; Lorenzi, 2000; Forzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesI3N Brasil, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeFrahm, 1991
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)WidespreadBitancourt et al., 1933; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Rodriques, 2000
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2010; Nascimento et al., 2006
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentKuniyuki et al., 2003
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCosta et al., 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCezar et al., 2003
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentLuigi et al., 2016
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentGonçalves et al., 2007

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosisWidespreadGuido et al., 1994; Amaral & Valente, 1971; Franzolin et al., 1989; Benesi & Howard, 1999
babesiosisPresentBarci et al., 1994; Gaido et al., 1997
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentGouvêa et al., 1989
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentMarinho & Mathias, 1996
ChytridiomycosisPresentSchloegel et al., 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentD'Angelino et al., 1998; Samara et al., 1997
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)PresentRomano-Lieber & Iversson, 2000; Ferreira et al., 1994
leishmaniosisWidespreadMotoie et al., 2013
paratuberculosisPresentCastro & Nemoto, 1972
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentDani et al., 1999a; Dani et al., 1999b

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file