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Datasheet

Rio Grande do Sul

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present Schuck and Jobim, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present Chavarria et al., 2007.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Santos and Ferreira, 2003.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present Oliveira et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Present Robbs et al., 1980; Robbs and Bittencourt, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Favreto et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesFranco et al., 2001.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Introduced YesIede et al., 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present Introduced YesPapa et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Widespread Graça et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Bemvenuti, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present Pereira et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Bertels, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly) Present Native NoNorrbom, 1991; Kovaleski et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Aguiar-Menezes and Menezes, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Silva et al., 1968; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present Sturza et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Sturza et al., 2011; UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced Outlaw et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Barbosa et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present Moraes et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaliothrips fasciatus Present Pinent et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Wolff and Corseuil, 1993; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Biezanko , 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Restricted distribution Introduced YesFowler and Forti, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Pinent et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Introduced Oliveira et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Silva et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatus Present Native CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread Moreira and Becker, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Gomes Costa, 1949; Oliveira and Romani, 1975; CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer) Present Native NoSarto i Monteys, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Native NoFoldi, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Restricted distribution Silva, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Iede et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; Foldi and Kozar, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Oliveira et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ricalde et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Restricted distribution Iede et al., 1988; Iede et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present De-Oliveira et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present Diehl et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Roggia et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Wilcken et al., 2010; Savaris et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Marsaro Júnior et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Widespread Introduced Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Localised Native NoSilva, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Localised Introduced Grigera and Rapoport, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish) Widespread Native NoBarros and Rosa, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesLima et al., 1999; Kaefer et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoAgudo-Padrón, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel) Present Introduced YesMansur et al., 1999; Darrigran and Mansur, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present Ihering Hvon, 1919; Simone, 2006; Agudo-Padrón, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Absent, invalid record Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Wain and Silva, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present Introduced NoCarneiro et al., 2003; Gomes et al., 2005; Somavilla et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Lordello and Marini, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Lordello and Marini, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Present Gomes et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoPrado, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native Reed, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native Dittrich et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present Introduced YesMynssen, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007; I3N-Brasil, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native NoLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Quintão et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Julien et al., 1995; Senna, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Marchioretto, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Ferreira et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Marchioretto, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present GBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2008; Fuhro et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present Dillenburg, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native NoQuadros et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Native Somner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Somner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Koch et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Oliveira et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Native Almeida and Dematteis, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia) Present New York Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Flores, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Brazilian Flora, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread YesI3N-Brasil, 2014; Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge) Present Native NoSimpson, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced Schneider, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Hollas et al., 2008; Jacobi et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Canto-Dorow, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Carneiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Native Senna, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Lorenzi and, 1986; Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced Braga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Widespread Native Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Native Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Borges, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass) Widespread Introduced YesZenni and Ziller, 2011; Medeiros and Focht, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Widespread Native NoBelcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Silveira, 1983; Fleck et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Mondin, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced Mondin, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Ziller and Rosa , 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum euclaston Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Filgueiras et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Harley et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesCABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Widespread YesI3N-Brasil, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Widespread YesI3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesAlves and Xavier, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Schneider, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Gomes-Klein and Gomes-Costa, 2014; Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Native Orchard, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana langsdorffii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Schneider, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Native NoBurson, 1992; Forzza et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Cardenas and Coulston, 1967; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris platensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Widespread Introduced YesRolon et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced YesPirani, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced New York Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Groth, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifolia Present, few occurrences Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Native NoRaseira and Raseira, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Native Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Flora do Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed) Present Matzenbacher and Schneider, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Forzza et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Native NoErb, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Widespread Native YesLorenzi, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present USDA-ARS, 2008; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) Present Introduced YesCosta et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Introduced YesKranz and Passini, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Native Guimarães, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Widespread Native Barreto, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced YesForzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Lorenzi, 2000; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Localised Introduced NoForzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Frahm, 1975.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Vega and Robbs, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosis Widespread Gloss, 1964; Braccini et al., 1992; Artiles and Alves-Branco, 1995; Lagaggio and Correa, 1997.
avian infectious bronchitis Present Salle et al., 1988.
avian trichomoniasis Present De et al., 1979; Tasca and Carli, 1999a.
babesiosis Present Bruccini et al., 1992; Kerber et al., 1999.
bovine parvovirus infection Widespread Hübner et al., 1996.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present Magalhaes and Gil-Turnes, 1996.
caseous lymphadenitis Present Ribeiro, 1994.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
leishmaniosis Widespread Almeida et al., 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Farias et al., 2013.
porcine intestinal spirochaetosis Widespread Barcellos et al., 2000.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Oliveira et al., 1995.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Mondadori et al., 1994; Lange et al., 1997.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Barcellos et al., 1998.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Present Barcellos et al., 1995.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Schmidt-Hoensdorf, 1925.
swine dysentery Present Barcellos et al., 2000.
yersiniosis Present Barcellos and Castro, 1981.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file