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Datasheet

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Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Poltronieri et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Native Deslandes, 1944; Albuquerque et al., 1972; Muchovej et al., 1978.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm) Present Van de Lande, 1984; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Widespread Native YesHennings, 1904; CMI, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesTrinidade et al., 2002; Benchimol et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Widespread Wood and Lass, 1985; CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Hennen et al., 2005.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present only in captivity/cultivation Schloegel et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Costa et al., 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present Pena et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly) Present Silva et al., 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; Lemos et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present Foldi, 1988; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Wolff and Corseuil, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Heinemann and Belkin, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Gumier-Costa, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Native NoMatile-Ferrero, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoSchedl, 1973; Schedl, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Widespread Introduced Cockrill, 1977; Borghese, 2005; Sheikh et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoCaceres and Monteiro-Filho, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Lima et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present Simone, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Introduced YesFernandez et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Freire and Freire, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Freire, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Freire, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native Reed, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native Dittrich et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native Mondin et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native NoLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Koch et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Senna, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Native Senna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native Instituto Agronómico Campinas, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Introduced Sá, 2015; Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Native Somner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Koch et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Marques, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger) Present Introduced Couly, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Flores, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native NoLorenzi, 1949.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Localised Native YesMitja and Miranda, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Canto-Dorow, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Carneiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Native Senna, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Lorenzi and, 1986; Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced Lopes et al., 2006, publ. 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Native Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Borges, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass) Present Introduced YesZenni and Ziller, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Filgueiras et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Introduced Filgueiras, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Souza, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesAlves and Xavier, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Native Meyer, 1994b; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Coelho and Giulietti, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty) Present Native Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Cordeiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Flora do Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Brasil, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Silva et al., 1981; Lorenzi, 2000; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present Bitancourt, 1940; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
bluetongue Widespread Viegas de Abreu, 1983.
Chytridiomycosis Present only in captivity/cultivation Schloegel et al., 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present Molnár et al., 1999b.
leishmaniosis Present Lima et al., 2010.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Brandão et al., 2002.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file