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Datasheet

Amazonas

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Widespread Takatsu et al., 1979.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Widespread Native YesCMI, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Present Wood and Lass, 1985; CMI, 1989; CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present Ronchi-Teles et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Present Native NoCouturier et al., 1993; Malavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesHamada et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced Dick, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present Foldi, 1988; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Rafael et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Meyrick , 1930.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Foldi and Kozár, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Widespread
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Native NoFoldi, 1988; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Rodrigues and Antony, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoSchedl, 1963; Schedl, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesWood, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present Introduced Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Widespread Native Winemiller, 2001; Kullander and Ferreira, 2006; Willis et al., 2012; Espínola et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoCaceres and Monteiro-Filho, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present Simone, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Widespread Lemos and Ponte, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native Reed, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native Dittrich et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Esteves and Takeuchi, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native NoLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Koch et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982; Senna, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Native Senna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Marchioretto, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native Instituto Agronómico Campinas, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Native Somner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Koch et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Widespread Native Desjardins et al., 2000; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Pieri et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger) Present IICT, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Canto-Dorow, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Carneiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Native Senna, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Native Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Borges, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Filgueiras et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Barreto et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesCABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Souza, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesAlves and Xavier, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Native Meyer, 1994b; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present YesForzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Coelho and Giulietti, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Cordeiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Flora do Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native Pensiero, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present GRIN, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Lorenzi, 2000; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2015.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
bluetongue Widespread Viegas de Abreu, 1983.
rabies Present Lau, 1990.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file