Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Amazonas

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Amazonas
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)WidespreadTakatsu et al., 1979
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)WidespreadNativeYesCMI, 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Cordeiro et al., 1998
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentWood & Lass, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; CMI, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentRonchi-Teles et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)PresentNativeMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeCouturier et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Malavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeClaps et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesHamada et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedDick, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentFoldi, 1988; Claps et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedRafael et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentRodrigues et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentMeyrick , 1930
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentFoldi & Kozár, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)WidespreadDe Silva et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesKempf, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeFoldi, 1988; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentRodrigues & Antony, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeSchedl, 1963; Schedl, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood, 1980; Abreu et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedBorghese, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)WidespreadNativeKullander & Ferreira, 2006; Willis et al., 2012; Winemiller, 2001; Espínola et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeCaceres & Monteiro-Filho, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentSimone, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)WidespreadLemos & Ponte, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeDittrich et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativeEsteves & Takeuchi, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeYesLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentNativeKoch et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982; Senna, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeSenna, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentLorenzi, 1982; Marchioretto, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRomaniuc et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeInstituto Agronómico Campinas, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeLima, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeLima, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedKoch et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)WidespreadNativeDesjardins et al., 2000; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentPieri et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)PresentIICT, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentDuke & Vasquez, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedCanto-Dorow, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedCarneiro, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeSenna, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedShirasuna, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedShirasuna, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentNativeGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedBorges, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini & Ferreira, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeProfice et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeBarreto et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedReflora, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSouza, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedYesSilva-Luz & Pirani, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesAlves & Xavier, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer, 1994b; Forzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadNativeLorenzi, 1982; Dias-Filho, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentProfice et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)WidespreadNativeForzza & Janeiro, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeCoelho & Giulietti, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedCordeiro, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativePensiero, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeGRIN, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedProfice et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeLorenzi, 2000; Forzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2015
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
bluetongueWidespreadViegas de Abreu, 1983
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)WidespreadVasconcelos et al., 1991
rabiesPresentLau, 1990

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file