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Datasheet

Zambia

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Zambia
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 753,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 11,919,870
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$770
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$9,237,074,944
  • GDP: US$11,363,341,312
  • Agriculture, value added: US$2,246,677,760
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO, 2014; Angus, 1965; De Milliano et al., 1991; Frederickson, 1990; IMI Herbarium unda; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur & King, 1988b; IMI Herbarium unda; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Raemakers, 1975
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO, 2014; Seif & Hillocks, 1993; UK CAB International, 1996
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentRees & Webber, 1988; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentJavaid & Ashraf, 1978; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadTanner & Van Ginkel, 1987; Mukwavi et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedNHM, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentJavaid et al., 1987; UK CAB International, 1968; Javaid et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadHaines, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionNativeMunro, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)PresentJavaid, 1986; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentSohati et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977; Pinhey, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesJames, 1947
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadYesNorris & Norris, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNHM, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedLoyttyniemi, 1979; Selander & Bubala, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentKaydan & Gullan, 2012; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentNHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; Williams, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentChakupurakal et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentMillar, 1994; CIE, 1979; Remaudiere & Autrique, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentNHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)WidespreadUvarov, 1923b; Griffini, 1897; Lewin, 1933; Uvarov, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesNeuenschwander & Herren, 1988; Chakupurakal et al., 1994; Zeddies et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedIvory, 1977; Loyttyniemi, 1983; Selander & Bubala, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSkakachite & Chenduauka, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; NHM, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHentonnen & Huner , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)WidespreadIntroducedHodges & Pike, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)WidespreadChamp & Dyte, 1977; Hindmarsh & MacDonald, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentHaggis, 1984; UK CAB International, 1972; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedIPPC, 2017d
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentIntroducedBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIPPC, 2016b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedBeaver & Loyttyniemi, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeBeveridge & Haylor, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1996; Costa et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedThys van den Audenaerde DFE, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedYesLosse, 1998; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)No information availableFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedThys van den Audenaerde DFE, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Tweddle, 2010; Schwank, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)LocalisedIntroducedYesAudenaerde Tden, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)PresentNativeSAIAB, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)WidespreadNativeYesDowsett et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)No information availableFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeSpawls et al., 2002; Bayless, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedThys Audenaerde DFEvan den, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisLocalisedNativeDaget, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentMartin, 1958; Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadKeetch & Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadAnon., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadKeetch & Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentRaemaekers & Patel, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentMsuya et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeDyer et al., 1963; Johns, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLawton, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesMitchell & Tur, 1975; ISSG, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKuntashula & Mafongoya, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; ILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNativeAubrey & Reynolds , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)WidespreadIntroducedYesVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)WidespreadVerma, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedVernon unda
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Restricted distributionNativePhilcox, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; PROTA, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentTownsend, 1988; PROTA, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Townsend, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedTerry & Michieka, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora Zambesiaca, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedAluka African Plants, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentFlora Zambesiaca, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentBrenan, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Wild, 1960; Elffers et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionWilson, 1981; Vernon, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedGoncalves, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentChisowa et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Terry & Michieka, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Zambian Alien Invasive Species, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentBolnick, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeParker, 1992; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Restricted distributionYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Launert & Pope, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedWild, 1961; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesBennett, 1972; Hill, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedTerry & Michieka, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedYesLisowski, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentMartins, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentVernon, 1983; Holm et al., 1991; Excell, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionPieterse, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedBrundu & Camarda, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedWickens, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentNativeISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentNativeBingham et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedHolden et al., 1988; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeBingham et al., 2016; Howard et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentIntroducedYesLeavold et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Jeffrey, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedYesECZ, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativePickering & Roe, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray & Taylor, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al., 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesBingham et al., 2013; Exell, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; PROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Clayton, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)WidespreadNativeYesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeKativu & Mithen, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentLaunert, 1971; Chabwela, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Diop, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; Launert, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentMielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013; EAH, 2013; Hansen, 1975; Philcox, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedKew Herbarium Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)WidespreadIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadIntroducedAnon., 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentIntroducedLock, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)WidespreadNativeJamnadass et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Clayton, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)WidespreadTerry & Michieka, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeICRAF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHepper, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentVerboom &, 1973; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedVernon, 1983; Terry & Michieka, 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGrubben & Denton, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesMuoghalu & Chuba, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTerry & Michieka, 1987; Launert, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentVernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedYesNyoka, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativePeirce, 1984
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusReported present or known to be presentOIE, 2004b; OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentGondwe et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1998
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2010; Anon., 1981
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentNativeOIE, 2004g; OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentToler et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentAnon., 1983; CABI & EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentNdunguru & Kapooria, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1896OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessNo information availableOIE, 2012; OIE, 2004b
African swine feverRestricted distributionOIE, 2012
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentJongejan et al., 1988; Ahmadu et al., 1997; OIE, 2012
anthraxRestricted distributionOIE, 2012; Tuchili et al., 1993; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009; Hasegawa et al., 1999
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2012; Jongejan et al., 1988
bluetongueNo information availableOIE, 2009; Mweene et al., 1996
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentAU-IBAR, 2011; Pandey et al., 1999
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2012
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesJames, 1947
classical swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE, 2012
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineNo information availableOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentNativeOIE, 2004g; OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2004g
fowl typhoidNo information availableOIE, 2009
glandersNo information availableOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterPresentOIE, 2012; CCTA, 1966
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2012
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2012
leptospirosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE, 2012; MacDonald, 1931
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2012
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Pandey et al., 1987
Pasteurella multocida infectionsWidespreadFrancis et al., 1980
peste des petits ruminantsPresentAU-IBAR, 2011
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativePeirce, 1984
porcine enterovirus infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2012; Sinyangwe, 1992; Mweene et al., 1996
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestLast reported 1896OIE, 2012
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraNo information availableOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria parva infectionsPresentSempebwa-Serugo, 1977
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009; Stafford et al., 1992
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2012
tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2012
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ArtichokesProduction Quantity706Im750F 732Im613Im636Im
BananasArea Harvested159Im210F 200F 187Im180Im
BananasProduction Quantity628Im720F 690F 650F 623Im
BananasYield39496.9Fc34285.7Fc34500Fc34759.4Fc34611.1Fc
BarleyArea Harvested2493Im2600F 1400F 1220F 1220F
BarleyProduction Quantity2233Im2500F 1350F 1150F 1150F
BarleyYield8957.08Fc9615.38Fc9642.86Fc9426.23Fc9426.23Fc
CassavaArea Harvested203319Im198000F 200000F 205000* 183000F
CassavaProduction Quantity1266300Im1151700116085011856001059890
CassavaYield62281.4Fc58166.7Fc58042.5Fc57834.2Fc57917.5Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1170690A 1220950A 1061380A 638265A 681175A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2746030A 3080420A 2182580A 1385900A 1529880A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed36336A 36336A 37171.8A 32608.8A 18996.3A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield23456.4Fc25229.6Fc20563.5Fc21713.6Fc22459.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1170690A 1220950A 1061380A 638265A 681175A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2761390A 3097620A 2196540A 1393900A 1535980A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed36336A 36336A 37171.8A 32608.8A 18996.3A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield23587.6Fc25370.5Fc20695.1Fc21838.9Fc22548.9Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested432Im574Im697Im800F 800F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity555Im796Im950F 995* 1237Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield12847.2Fc13867.6Fc13629.8Fc12437.5Fc15462.5Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested945A 910A 900A 868A 860A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4320A 3500A 2180A 3462A 3467A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield45714.3Fc38461.5Fc24222.2Fc39884.8Fc40313.9Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1105570A 1162870A 1001510A 609504A 650232A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2561430A 2873710A 1959160A 1256640A 1401820A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed32225.9A 32225.9A 33756.9A 28841.8A 17390.1A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield23168.3Fc24712.1Fc19562.1Fc20617.3Fc21558.7Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested8390Im7100F 6900F 6400F 5600F
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity8659Im6500F 4889Im5869Im5100F
Coffee, greenYield10320.6Fc9154.93Fc7085.51Fc9170.31Fc9107.14Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity35000F 35000F 44000* 41000F 46000F
CottonseedProduction Quantity70500F 70500F 90000F 83500F 92500F
CottonseedSeed3600Fc3600Fc3600Fc2914.32Fc2509.74Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested115761A 120000A 97144A 83658A 74347A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity35000A 35000A 44000A 41000A 46000A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield3023.47Fc2916.67Fc4529.36Fc4900.91Fc6187.2Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested24946A 24420A 24126A 23200A 22991A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity111094A 112220A 118453A 111490A 111630A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield44533.8Fc45954.1Fc49097.7Fc48056Fc48553.8Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested5423Im5300F 5213Im5014Im4970Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity24571Im25000F 26253Im24389Im24426Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield45308.9Fc47169.8Fc50360.6Fc48641.8Fc49146.9Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested18419Im18000F 17813Im17131Im16981Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity81575Im83000F 89330Im82989Im83114Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield44288.5Fc46111.1Fc50148.8Fc48443.8Fc48945.3Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested240000* 254566204073121375124578
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity174728Im1637331205647052760000*
Groundnuts, with shellSeed23760Fc23760Fc23760Fc19019.1Fc12689.6Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield7280.33Fc6431.85Fc5907.89Fc5810.67Fc4816.26Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1036080Im1080560911942539877585291
MaizeProduction Quantity2496430Im2795480188701012115701366160
MaizeSeed31082.3Fc31082.3Fc32416.7Fc27358.3Fc16196.3Fc
MaizeYield24095Fc25870.7Fc20692.2Fc22441.6Fc23341.5Fc
MilletArea Harvested3928250806559513487044294
MilletProduction Quantity38000F 47997489673393421707
MilletSeed589.23Fc589.23Fc762.09Fc839.27Fc523.05Fc
MilletYield9673.64Fc9447.11Fc8751.76Fc9731.57Fc4900.66Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested420761A 451670A 391634A 255732A 256563A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity125782A 142981A 139131A 109871A 117786A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed11934.8A 11934.8A 12760A 10711A 7676.88A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield2989.38Fc3165.61Fc3552.58Fc4296.34Fc4590.93Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested420761A 451670A 391634A 255732A 256563A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity77518.4A 78612.1A 71566.9A 47578.2A 46405.7A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed8281A 8281A 8448.45A 7023.44A 4729.45A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield1842.34Fc1740.48Fc1827.39Fc1860.47Fc1808.74Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested2486Im2000F 1925F 1900F 1855Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity37830Im29000F 28500F 28348Im28294Im
Onions, dryYield152172Fc145000Fc148052Fc149200Fc152528Fc
OrangesArea Harvested945Im910F 900F 868Im860Im
OrangesProduction Quantity4320Im3500F 2180Im3462Im3467Im
OrangesYield45714.3Fc38461.5Fc24222.2Fc39884.8Fc40313.9Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested80F 80F 80F 80F 80F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity51Im60Im61Im66Im80Im
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield6375Fc7500Fc7625Fc8250Fc10000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1341Im1414123310091100F
PotatoesProduction Quantity21235Im22939212851019614500F
PotatoesSeed1341Fc1341Fc1414Fc1233Fc1009Fc
PotatoesYield158352Fc162228Fc172628Fc101051Fc131818Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested62212Im58000F 56000F 50000F 49000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity30172Im27000F 27882Im23911Im23500F
Pulses, nesSeed4976.96Fc4976.96Fc4640Fc4480Fc4000Fc
Pulses, nesYield4849.87Fc4655.17Fc4978.93Fc4782.2Fc4795.92Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested62212A 58000A 56000A 50000A 49000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity30172A 27000A 27882A 23911A 23500A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed4976.96A 4976.96A 4640A 4480A 4000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield4849.87Fc4655.17Fc4978.93Fc4782.2Fc4795.92Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested27490307882558217367* 12110
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity46130* 51656419292402318317
Rice, paddySeed1099.6Fc1099.6Fc1231.52Fc1023.28Fc694.68Fc
Rice, paddyYield16780.7Fc16778Fc16390Fc13832.6Fc15125.5Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested217526A 214414A 214233A 213309A 189300A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1524150A 1427510A 1382590A 1302320A 1150050A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed1341A 1341A 1414A 1233A 1009A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield70067.3Fc66577.1Fc64536.5Fc61053.2Fc60753Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested115761Im120000F 971448365874347
Seed cottonProduction Quantity114185Im107000F 135500F 126000F 140000F
Seed cottonYield9863.86Fc8916.67Fc13948.4Fc15061.3Fc18830.6Fc
SorghumArea Harvested27718Im28908322123353719427
SorghumProduction Quantity24765Im2773221829998212800
SorghumSeed554.36Fc554.36Fc578.16Fc644.24Fc670.74Fc
SorghumYield8934.63Fc9593.19Fc6776.67Fc2976.41Fc6588.77Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested10000* 25500F 25000F 2392834468
SoybeansProduction Quantity13000* 41000F 40000F 4371555194
SoybeansSeed700Fc700Fc1785Fc1750Fc1674.96Fc
SoybeansYield13000Fc16078.4Fc16000Fc18269.4Fc16013.1Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested2852Im3788Im4600F 5100F 6000F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity2778Im3406Im3401Im3517Im4290Im
Spices, nesYield9740.53Fc8991.55Fc7393.48Fc6896.08Fc7150Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested33000F 33000F 30500F 19500F 24000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity3500000F 3500000F 3200000F 2050000F 2430000F
Sugar caneYield1060610Fc1060610Fc1049180Fc1051280Fc1012500Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested55000* 51604654172677123170
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity28000* 2642033653126628953
Sunflower seedSeed1100Fc1100Fc1032.08Fc1308.34Fc535.42Fc
Sunflower seedYield5090.91Fc5119.76Fc5144.38Fc4729.74Fc3864.05Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested12866Im15000F 13000F 7300F 5200F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity236611Im25286720045010652375664
Sweet potatoesYield183904Fc168578Fc154192Fc145922Fc145508Fc
TeaArea Harvested638Im583Im537Im533Im506Im
TeaProduction Quantity878Im941Im797Im837Im877Im
TeaYield13761.8Fc16140.7Fc14841.7Fc15703.6Fc17332Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested58955Im59988607786287723928
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity60329Im59338Im65704Im64066Im61759Im
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield10233.1Fc9891.64Fc10810.5Fc10189.1Fc25810.3Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested2785Im2700F 2550F 2200F 2365Im
TomatoesProduction Quantity19741Im26000F 25000F 20966Im23000F
TomatoesYield70883.3Fc96296.3Fc98039.2Fc95300Fc97251.6Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested47704Im50000F 45079Im42055Im40000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity360113Im310179Im275859Im320402Im315000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield75489.1Fc62035.8Fc61194.6Fc76186.4Fc78750Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested52975A 54700A 49554A 46155A 44220A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity418390A 365929A 330091A 370329A 366930A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield78978.8Fc66897.4Fc66612.4Fc80235.9Fc82978.3Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested52975A 54700A 49554A 46155A 44220A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity418390A 365929A 330091A 370329A 366930A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield78978.8Fc66897.4Fc66612.4Fc80235.9Fc82978.3Fc
WheatArea Harvested3763127291342961139418833
WheatProduction Quantity153829Im172256195456113242115843
WheatSeed3010.48Fc3010.48Fc2183.28Fc2743.68Fc911.52Fc
WheatYield40878.3Fc63118.2Fc56990.9Fc99387.4Fc61510.7Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ArtichokesProduction Quantity575Im459Im502Im482Im406Im
BananasArea Harvested220F 272Im268Im329Im311Im
BananasProduction Quantity700F 777Im900F 753Im850F
BananasYield31818.2Fc28566.2Fc33582.1Fc22887.5Fc27331.2Fc
BarleyArea Harvested2580F 1315F 1250F 1700F 2450F
BarleyProduction Quantity2450F 1250F 1200F 1600F 2300F
BarleyYield9496.12Fc9505.7Fc9600Fc9411.76Fc9387.76Fc
CassavaArea Harvested183000F 180000165000165000158968Im
CassavaProduction Quantity10598901056000957000957000918016Im
CassavaYield57917.5Fc58666.7Fc58000Fc58000Fc57748.5Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested883238A 560549A 759524A 801700A 531950A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity1599330A 1061460A 1373790A 1360100A 750471A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed20602.7A 26105.3A 17176.3A 22242.9A 23890A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield18107.5Fc18936.1Fc18087.5Fc16965.2Fc14107.9Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested883238A 560549A 759524A 801700A 531950A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1603980A 1065900A 1379510A 1365260A 754966A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed20602.7A 26105.3A 17176.3A 22242.9A 23890A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield18160.2Fc19015.4Fc18162.9Fc17029.6Fc14192.4Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested802Im703Im804Im799Im800F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity900F 727Im850F 1185Im900F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield11222Fc10341.4Fc10572.1Fc14831Fc11250Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested850A 847A 950A 1063A 1042A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3500A 3394A 3600A 3800A 3700A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield41176.5Fc40070.8Fc37894.7Fc35747.9Fc35508.6Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested851780A 528148A 733481A 769700A 509450A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1496060A 915734A 1279470A 1214760A 666466A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed18611.7A 24163A 14999A 20659.5A 21770A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield17563.9Fc17338.6Fc17443.8Fc15782.3Fc13082.1Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested5306Im5000F 5500F 6989Im7000F
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity5033Im4500* 5000F 6060* 6480*
Coffee, greenYield9485.49Fc9000Fc9090.91Fc8670.77Fc9257.14Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity38500F 46850F 37950F 31350F 25700F
CottonseedProduction Quantity78500F 93850F 75900F 64650F 51900F
CottonseedSeed2230.41Fc3000Fc3890.01Fc3000Fc2430Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested100000A 129667A 100000A 81000A 66000A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity38500A 46850A 37950A 31350A 25700A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield3850Fc3613.1Fc3795Fc3870.37Fc3893.94Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested24030A 22413A 22442A 23324A 22161A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity112757A 105671A 103500A 105053A 104050A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield46923.4Fc47147.2Fc46118.9Fc45040.7Fc46951.8Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested5198Im4821Im4805Im4965Im4183Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity24657Im24500F 24000F 24500F 24000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield47435.6Fc50819.3Fc49948Fc49345.4Fc57375.1Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested17762Im16473Im16419Im16967Im16625Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity83900Im77000F 75000F 76000F 75500F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield47235.7Fc46743.2Fc45678.8Fc44792.8Fc45413.5Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested96400* 10824588000* 88000* 88000*
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity840107421860000* 60000* 60000*
Groundnuts, with shellSeed11440Fc11440Fc11440Fc11440Fc11440Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield8714.73Fc6856.48Fc6818.18Fc6818.18Fc6818.18Fc
MaizeArea Harvested750000F 465832631000671000430000F
MaizeProduction Quantity142440086618712140001157860606172
MaizeSeed17558.7Fc22500Fc13975Fc18930Fc20130Fc
MaizeYield18992Fc18594.4Fc19239.3Fc17255.7Fc14097Fc
MilletArea Harvested64200F 392105902860000* 55000F
MilletProduction Quantity48159295833980035000* 41192
MilletSeed664.41Fc963Fc588.15Fc885.42Fc900Fc
MilletYield7501.4Fc7544.76Fc6742.56Fc5833.33Fc7489.45Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested253575A 289919A 221500A 194000A 177000A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity124684A 115429A 84699A 69011.5A 60139A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed7608.59A 8350.48A 8380.57A 7041.25A 6280.5A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4917.05Fc3981.42Fc3823.88Fc3557.29Fc3397.68Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested253575A 289919A 221500A 194000A 177000A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity54320.9A 48707.3A 38154A 33784A 31204A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed4413.16A 4566.4A 4630.46A 4268.1A 4069.8A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2142.2Fc1680.03Fc1722.53Fc1741.44Fc1762.94Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1800F 1953Im2107Im2000F 2176Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity27000F 25599Im31000F 30000F 27404Im
Onions, dryYield150000Fc131075Fc147129Fc150000Fc125938Fc
OrangesArea Harvested850F 847Im950F 1063Im1042Im
OrangesProduction Quantity3500F 3394Im3600F 3800F 3700F
OrangesYield41176.5Fc40070.8Fc37894.7Fc35747.9Fc35508.6Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested80F 199Im160F 165F 160F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity60F 160Im145F 155F 150F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield7500Fc8040.2Fc9062.5Fc9393.94Fc9375Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1000F 9731124Im1000F 1020Im
PotatoesProduction Quantity14000F 1403514152Im14000F 13000F
PotatoesSeed1100Fc1000Fc973Fc1124Fc1000Fc
PotatoesYield140000Fc144245Fc125907Fc140000Fc127451Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested48500F 48000F 4850944000F 41000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity23000F 22500F 2267520500F 19000F
Pulses, nesSeed3920Fc3880Fc3840Fc3880.72Fc3520Fc
Pulses, nesYield4742.27Fc4687.5Fc4674.39Fc4659.09Fc4634.15Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested48500A 48000A 48509A 44000A 41000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity23000A 22500A 22675A 20500A 19000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed3920A 3880A 3840A 3880.72A 3520A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield4742.27Fc4687.5Fc4674.39Fc4659.09Fc4634.15Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested143581036812500F 11000F 10500F
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity13964133371718915500F 13500F
Rice, paddySeed484.4Fc574.32Fc414.72Fc500Fc440Fc
Rice, paddyYield9725.59Fc12863.6Fc13751.2Fc14090.9Fc12857.1Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested191000A 185473A 170424A 169600A 163409A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1175180A 1136960A 1035150A 1024000A 989180A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed1100A 1000A 973A 1124A 1000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield61527.6Fc61300.6Fc60739.6Fc60377.4Fc60534Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested100000F 129667100000F 81000F 66000F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity118426142160115000F 98000F 79200F
Seed cottonYield11842.6Fc10963.5Fc11500Fc12098.8Fc12000Fc
SorghumArea Harvested35000F 217914220337000F 22000F
SorghumProduction Quantity2104718714244662030016802
SorghumSeed388.54Fc700Fc435.82Fc844.06Fc740Fc
SorghumYield6013.43Fc8587.95Fc5797.22Fc5486.49Fc7637.27Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested4217534000F 18500F 10000* 8000*
SoybeansProduction Quantity5781545000F 24000F 12000* 9000*
SoybeansSeed2412.76Fc2952.25Fc2380Fc1295Fc700Fc
SoybeansYield13708.4Fc13235.3Fc12973Fc12000Fc11250Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested4500F 4300F 4531Im4500F 3728Im
Spices, nesProduction Quantity3200F 3000F 3550Im3200F 2476Im
Spices, nesYield7111.11Fc6976.74Fc7834.92Fc7111.11Fc6641.63Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested24000F 22000F 22500F 22000F 22000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity2450000F 2300000F 2350000F 2300000F 2300000F
Sugar caneYield1020830Fc1045450Fc1044440Fc1045450Fc1045450Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested15000* 1800715000* 15000* 15000*
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1500381129000* 8000* 8000*
Sunflower seedSeed463.4Fc300Fc360.14Fc300Fc300Fc
Sunflower seedYield10002Fc4504.91Fc6000Fc5333.33Fc5333.33Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested7000F 4500F 4300F 3600* 3421Im
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity101287669266399753000* 58164Im
Sweet potatoesYield144696Fc148724Fc148830Fc147222Fc170020Fc
TeaArea Harvested500F 568Im550F 500F 600F
TeaProduction Quantity750F 795Im800F 701Im750F
TeaYield15000Fc13996.5Fc14545.5Fc14020Fc12500Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested45000F 26000F 23000F 15000F 11600F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity48000F 58211373112003513982
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield10666.7Fc22388.8Fc16222.2Fc13356.7Fc12053.5Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested2600F 2786Im2730F 2700F 3018Im
TomatoesProduction Quantity25000F 27000F 25783Im26000F 25000F
TomatoesYield96153.9Fc96913.1Fc94443.2Fc96296.3Fc82836.3Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested39479Im37000F 39672Im36000F 41134Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity300604Im240000F 239607Im230000F 213814Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield76142.8Fc64864.9Fc60397Fc63888.9Fc51979.9Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested43879A 41739A 44509A 40700A 46328A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity353179A 293058A 296892A 286482A 266624A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield80489.3Fc70212Fc66703.8Fc70388.7Fc57551.4Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested43879A 41739A 44509A 40700A 46328A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity353179A 293058A 296892A 286482A 266624A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield80489.3Fc70212Fc66703.8Fc70388.7Fc57551.4Fc
WheatArea Harvested17100* 2203313543* 21000F 12000*
WheatProduction Quantity9395813683382858135000* 75000*
WheatSeed1506.64Fc1368Fc1762.64Fc1083.44Fc1680Fc
WheatYield54946.2Fc62103.7Fc61181.4Fc64285.7Fc62500Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea23435Fm23735Fm23385Fm23087Fm22984Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea4.85I 4.85I 3.5I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea2.46I 2.46I 0.1I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea7.31I 7.31I 3.6I 2.5I
Arable landArea3400Fm3700Fm3350Fm3052Fm2949Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea3435Fm3735Fm3385Fm3087Fm2984Fm
Country areaArea75261W 75261W 75261W 75261W 75261W
Forest areaArea49301.4Fm49468Q 49634.6Fm49801.2Fm49967.8Fm
Inland waterArea922Fm922Fm922Fm922Fm922Fm
Land areaArea74339Fm74339Fm74339Fm74339Fm74339Fm
Other landArea1602.6Fm1136Fm1319.4Fm1450.8Fm1387.2Fm
Permanent cropsArea35Fm35Fm35Fm35Fm35Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea20000Fm20000Fm20000Fm20000Fm20000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea156Fm156Fm156Fm156Fm156Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea23048Fm22762Fm22897Fm22909Fm22616Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea2.4I 2.9I
Arable landArea3013Fm2727Fm2862Fm2874Fm2582Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea3048Fm2762Fm2897Fm2909Fm2616Fm
Country areaArea75261W 75261W 75261W 75261Q 75261Q
Forest areaArea50134.4Fm50301Q 50467.6Fm50634.2Fm50800.8Fm
Inland waterArea922Fm922Fm922Fm922Fm922Fm
Land areaArea74339Fm74339Fm74339E 74339Q 74339Q
Other landArea1156.6Fm1276Fm974.4Fm795.8Fm922.2Fm
Permanent cropsArea35Fm35Fm35Fm35Fm34Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea20000Fm20000Fm20000Fm20000Fm20000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea156Fm156Fm156Fm156F 156I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data