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Datasheet

South Africa

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Introduced YesMoran and Zimmermann, 1991.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Widespread Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present Hansen et al., 2003; Human et al., 2011.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Absent, unreliable record Seemüller, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginale Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensis Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution Korsten et al., 1996.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Restricted distribution CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Manicom et al., 1981; Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Widespread Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Eradicated Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Present, few occurrences Introduced Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 1999; Botha et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogans Present
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native Storey and McClean, 1930; Westhuizen, 1977; UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Widespread YesIMI, 1991; Nagel et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Hansen et al., 1986; Thompson, 1987; Thompson, 1988.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Restricted distribution Gulya et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Holtzhausen and Knox-Davies, 1974; Holtzhausen, 1978; Crous et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Roux et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present EPPO, 2014; Doidge et al., 1953; De Milliano et al., 1991; McLaren, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Introduced Millar and Minter, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab) Present Introduced NDA, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Restricted distribution Viljoen et al., 1994; Britz et al., 1999a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt) Present Anon, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Restricted distribution McOnie, 1964; Whiteside, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline) Present Introduced NoWingfield and Marasas, 1983; Zhou et al., 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferae Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew) Present Swart, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Crous et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced YesSutton and Gibson, 1972; Wingfield and Swart, 1988; Viljoen et al., 1993; Barnes et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; Sutton, 1980; Lundquist, 1987.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Introduced YesBaxter et al., 1995; Tribe, 1995; Croft, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Visser et al., 2009; Verwoerd, 1935.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Restricted distribution Introduced Roux et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Native Weldon et al., 2004.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Introduced Ray, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Widespread Introduced YesHove and Weerdenburg, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Ryke and Meyer, 1960; Daiber, 1985; Undurraga and Dybas, 1988; Daiber, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumida Present Native Spiewok et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Brain, 1918; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Restricted distribution Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2010; Giliomee and Millar, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma hebraeum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Ebeling, 1959; Bedford, 1990; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesGilbert, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Native Radloff and Hepburn, 1999; Beekman et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Restricted distribution Introduced YesNesamari et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Absent, formerly present Introduced NoSandison, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2011; IPPC, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 1998; Esterhuizen et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Brown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Esterhuizen et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present Immelman, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Localised Introduced Le et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Widespread de Meyer, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly) Widespread Native NoDe Meyer, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Barnard, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby) Present Introduced Gherardi and Holdich, 1999; FAO-DIAS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present Introduced Moor Ide, 2002; Zimmerman, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014; Assefa, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Anon., 1978; Pinhey, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesBaker et al., 1968; Wardhana et al., 2012b; Hall et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesWatson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug) Present Veilleux et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite) Present Introduced YesCoaton, 1950; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Pinhey , 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesFuller, 1921.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Harbach, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; Hancock, 1989; Norrbom et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaraba laisalis Present Olckers and Hulley, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Danzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present Introduced Walters et al., 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994; Kaydan and Gullan, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced Evans, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Widespread Introduced YesGiliomee, 1989; Nakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFurchadaspis zamiae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Widespread Mally, 1924; Tooke, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Widespread Blomefield and Geertsema, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Localised Introduced YesStals and Prinsloo, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Widespread CIE, 1961; Dennill, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Widespread CIE, 1976; Mitchell and Ironside, 1982; Daneel et al., 1994; Daneel, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Introduced YesTribe, 1991a; Tribe, 1991b; Tribe, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Absent, unreliable record Douglas, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Widespread Introduced YesStebbing, 1910; Robinson et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Bond and Slingsby, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Present Brain, 1929; Morrone, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma bicolor Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma spinicollis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Remaudiere and Autrique, 1985; Millar, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread Annecke and Moran, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Present, few occurrences Audinet-Serville, 1838; Walker, 1870; Kirby, 1902; Sjöstedt, 1913; Uvarov, 1923b; Faure, 1932; Faure, 1935; Lea, 1935; Smit, 1936; Rehn, 1944.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present Native YesCABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Introduced YesTribe, 1990; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPardasena virgulana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Native Holthuis, 1980; Dore and Frimodt, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Native YesWheeler, 1922; ISSG, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Restricted distribution Introduced YesNeuenschwander and Herren, 1988; Herren and Neuenschwander, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra) Present Native NoSchönherr, 1826; Annecke and Moran, 1982; Barnes and Pringle, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Introduced Cillie and Tribe, 1991; Wang, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present Bohlen, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Introduced, established Geertsema, 1996; Steele, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Widespread Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced YesZwolinski, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Widespread De Lotto, 1975; Georgala et al., 1975; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominulus (European paper wasp) Present Introduced YesVeldtman et al., 2012; Eardley et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Present Native Lai et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present Kamburov, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Hentonnen and Huner , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug) Present Introduced Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Viljoen et al., 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Present EPPO, 2014; Rafter and Walter, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2010; IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; Smith et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; Giliomee and Millar, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present Tribe, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Widespread CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Restricted distribution Rutherford, 1914; Kok, 1979; Villiers, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Introduced YesJacobs and Neser, 2005; Nadel et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread Essig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) No information available OIE, 2009; Lach et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Localised Introduced YesWhitehead and Prins, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Introduced YesSchedl, 1975b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoBeveridge and Haylor, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced YesRyall, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Shireman and Smith, 1983; Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Costa et al., 1993; FAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Randall and Heemstra, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFowler, 1970; Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesSavage, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagurus ovatus (Hare's tail) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Widespread Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAnderson Jr, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamiger Present Introduced YesMonniot et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Widespread Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Schoor DJvan, 1966; Pullin et al., 1997; Waal and Bills, 2000; Froese and Pauly, 2004; D'Amato et al., 2007; Zengeya et al., 2011; Zengeya et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Introduced Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced Rowan, 1983; Newman, 2002; Roche and Bedford-Shaw, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Present Native Craig, 2004; Oschadleus, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesLong, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Widespread Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Widespread Introduced Jubb, 1977; Skelton, 2001; Macdonald et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoWyk, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonis Widespread Introduced YesArcidiacono and Geronimo, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced YesSwart et al., 1976; Schwartz and Capatos, 1990; Joubert, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced YesHenry and Davis, 1983; Calvo-Ugarteburu and Allanson, 1998; MacDonald et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesReise et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma duryi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Localised Introduced NoMelvill and Ponsonby, 1898; Herbert and Kilburn, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Aardt and Kock, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Appleton, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Introduced YesGrant and Cherry, 1985; ISSG, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced Barker, 1999; Herbert, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Berthold, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Taylor, 1906-1914; Dürr, 1946; Joubert and Walters, 1951; Quick, 1952; McQuaid et al., 1979; Sanderson and Sirgel, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVitrea contracta Present Introduced Herbert, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides arachidis (groundnut testa nematode) Present Lesufi et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Widespread Wager, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBraasch et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus africanus (peanut pod nematode) Present Wendt et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution Lamprecht et al., 1987; Marais, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesKleynhans, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; Coetzee, 1956.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Wyk, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Fourie et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present Native Whitehead, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode) Absent, unreliable record Fourie et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present Kleynhans, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Van, 1956; Kleynhans, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Loubser, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Present Willers, 1997b; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Siddiqi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Restricted distribution Jones and Milne, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Heyns, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Restricted distribution Heyns and Coomans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Heyns, 1971; Orffer, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced YesBoomker et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Last reported OIE, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesBegin and Scheibling, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern) Localised Native NoSchelpe and Anthony, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Introduced NoGermishuizen and Meyer, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla cristata Present Introduced YesMadeira et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Widespread Introduced YesTwyman and Ashton, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Dyer et al., 1963; Johns, 1991; Hill, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present YesRoux, 2011; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; SIBIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Introduced Macdonald et al., 2003; Henderson, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Bromilow, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread Cilliers, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Clerck et al., 2005; Iyer et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Stegenga et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Flora Zambesiaca, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced YesCSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Native Carr, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003; Dennill and Donnelly, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Widespread Introduced YesGeldenhuys , 1986; Cronk and Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Unconfirmed record Fourie, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia podalyriifolia (Pearl Acacia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Introduced YesHenderson and Anderson, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; Grabandt, 1985; Invasive Species South Africa, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present YesSANBI, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesHenderson , 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced Henderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Restricted distribution Native NoVisser, 1978; Parker and Riches, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Oyen, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Restricted distribution Introduced YesJooste, 1965; Bromilow, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001; Macdonald et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; Foxcroft et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Reported present or known to be present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1977; PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton desertorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAptenia lancifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis stoechadifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis venusta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Introduced YesNel et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Henderson and Anderson, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Jarosík et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Randall, 2012; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Germishuizen and Meyer, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesRossa and Tueffers, 1998; Foxcroft et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present YesFoxcroft et al., 2003; Conservatoire Jardin botaniques and SANBI, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus africanus (Ornamental Asparagus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Widespread NoKleinjan and Edwards, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus declinatus (Bridal Veil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus scandens (Asparagus Fern) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAthanasia trifurcata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (long-spine cactus) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Widespread YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Contu, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Fenner, 1980; Forsyth and Brown, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Struwig and Siebert, 2013; Whitehouse, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced Parker-Allie et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Introduced Cooper and Moerkerk, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced Russell et al., 1987; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Introduced YesHitchcock , 1944; Gibbs and Russel et al. , 1955; Holmgren and Holmgren , 1977; Arnold and de Wet , 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Introduced YesHitchcock , 1944; Holmgren and Holmgren , 1977; Arnold and de Wet , 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced YesHitchcock, 1944; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955; Holmgren and Holmgren, 1977; Tselev, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Aluka African Plants, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Widespread Introduced YesWells et al., 1986; Henderson, 2001; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Introduced YesFoxcroft et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; Foxcroft et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced Henderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present YesFoxcroft et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus clandestinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Present Introduced Russell et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present YesFoxcroft et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesInvasive Species South Africa, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGautier, 1992b; Zachariades and Goodall, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed) Present Native NoScott, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced Moore, 1975; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced YesZimmermann, 1991; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClivia nobilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (croton) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConicosia pugioniformis (narrow-leaved iceplant) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present YesRobinson, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotyledon orbiculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula arborescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present YesReichard et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrinum bulbispermum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla) Widespread Introduced YesNovoa et al., 2015; Henderson and Zimmermann, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia imbricata (imbricate prickly pear) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear) Widespread Introduced YesInvasive Species South Africa, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Widespread Native YesRaimondo et al., 2009; SANBI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon incompletus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus cyperoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus squarrosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (broom) Widespread Introduced YesInvasive Species South Africa, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoGibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium australe Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced POSA, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present YesWells et al., 1986; Henderson, 2001; AGIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Restricted distribution Native NoHilliard, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiascia barberae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native Cooke , 1998; Meyer et al., 2004; World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Restricted distribution Wells et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Absent, unreliable record GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Holm et al., 1979; van Oudtshoorn, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Restricted distribution YesClayton and Renvoize, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosanthemum floribundum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesFoxcroft et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesFoxcroft et al., 2003; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Widespread Native Chippindall, 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinopsis spachiana (torch cactus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Introduced YesAdamson and Salter, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass) Present Native NoGoldblatt and Manning, 2000; Germishuizen and Meyer, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesJones, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Introduced Spicer and Catling, 1988; Invasive Species South Africa, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Restricted distribution Native YesSmith, 1966; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present YesHenderson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis bicolor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Widespread Native NoBoechat and Longhi-Wagner, 2001; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis obtusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis sarmentosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis trichophora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErepsia heteropetala Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced CJBG SAMBI, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocereus martinii (harrisia cactus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present, few occurrences Introduced SANBI, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced YesGeldenhuys et al., 1986; Henderson, 2001; Rejmanek and Richardson, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensus (Red River gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced YesBrown and Gubb, 1986; Henderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuryops multifidus (hawk's eye) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Wells and Stirton, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Present Introduced Russell et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Localised Introduced YesCrouch and Smith, 2011; Department of Environmental Affairs, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Widespread Toit and Court-de-Billot, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Present Introduced NoAdamson and Salter, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus cardinalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced YesHenderson , 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea drupacea (sweet hakea) Restricted distribution Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea gibbosa (rock hakea) Restricted distribution Introduced YesShaughnessy, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea) Widespread Introduced YesHenderson and Anderson, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesFoxcroft and Richardson, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced Henderson, 2001; AGIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Widespread Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; PIER, 2000; ISSG, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Wells et al., 1986; de Villiers, 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMadeira et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present YesFoxcroft et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Brundu and Camarda, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Weimarck, 1946; Kirschner, 2002; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced YesFoxcroft et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced NoToelken, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Native ISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present YesFoxcroft et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLampranthus multiradiatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesErasmus et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Gibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present YesRandall, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present SANBI, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution YesWells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dawson, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present YesCsurhes and Edwards, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present NoWeber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present YesHenderson, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Localised Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Cairns et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1979; Lawton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn) Restricted distribution Native No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced Russell et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Widespread Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001; Nyoka , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present CJB, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Present, few occurrences Introduced SANBI, 2012; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, CHAH.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea collina (Cape tulip) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea miniata (two-leaf Cape-tulip) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Widespread Jacot-Guillarmod, 1977; Mitchell et al., 1993; Cook, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Widespread Introduced Cook, 1990; Henderson and Cilliers, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present, few occurrences Foxcroft et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesWells and de Beer, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced Shaw, 1947.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Russell et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; Steenkamp et al., 2002; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMoran and Annecke, 1979; Moran and Zimmermann, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia dillenii (prickly pear) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple) Present Introduced BioNET-EAFRINET, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Restricted distribution Introduced NoZimmermann and Moran, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Widespread Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Fernandes et al., 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOsteospermum ecklonis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOsteospermum jucundum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesFoxcroft et al., 2003; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced YesPalgrave, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced YesMaheshwari, 1966; Picman and Towers, 1982; Navie et al., 1996; McConnachie et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallis grass) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native Lansdown et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Introduced YesInvasive Species South Africa, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPelargonium inquinans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPelargonium tomentosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present YesFoxcroft et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoHanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced YesCoates and Coates, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced Henderson, 2001; Nyoka, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced YesRichardson et al., 1994; Cronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Widespread Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present YesEPPO, 2007; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Haysom and Murphy, 2003; Henderson, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986; Glen, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986; Glen, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Roux, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlumbago auriculata (Cape leadwort) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPodranea ricasoliana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced YesRandall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced CJB, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present NoRogers and Breen, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present Introduced YesPoynton, 1990; Zimmermann, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced YesPasiecznik et al., 2001; Zimmermann and Pasiecznik, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite) Present Introduced YesPoynton, 1990; Zimmermann, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present, few occurrences Introduced SANBI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2005; Baijnath et al., 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Staner, 1938; Hansen, 1975; Mielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhynchosia caribaea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesHenderson, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesHenderson , 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRomulea rosea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Native South African Sugar Association, 1980; Bromilow, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced Francis, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Introduced Lalla and Cheek, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus flagellaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present NoFrenot et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesWells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuschia caroli Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced SANBI, South African National Biodiversity Institute.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced YesHenderson , 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001; Linden et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present, few occurrences NoHenderson, 2007; AGIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchmidtia kalahariensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio elegans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio glastifolius (holly-leaved senecio) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Widespread Native NoHilliard, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Absent, formerly present Introduced Harper and Wood, 1957; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed) Widespread Native NoHilliard, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio pterophorus (African daisy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Henderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Widespread Introduced YesHoffmann and Moran, 1991a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Boyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum linnaeanum (apple of Sodom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present only in captivity/cultivation Welman, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Widespread Introduced YesJaeger and Hepper, 1986; Henderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present YesNel et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present YesWelman, 2003; Kandari et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2007; Grieson, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Grabandt, 1985; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Widespread Native NoOudtshoorn F van, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Present Introduced Foxcroft et al., 2008; Moldenke, 1980; Herman, 1990; Verdcourt, 1992; CJB, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Widespread Parker and Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present YesHenderson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present YesSABONET, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAnon., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Thomas, 1986; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread YesGermishuizen and Meyer, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present PIER, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Introduced Obbermeyer and Faden, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced YesFoxcroft et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Henderson and Anderson, 1966; Grabandt, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Wells et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Conservatoire and South, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007; Henderson, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present, few occurrences JSTOR, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoAfrica Plants Database, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Localised Introduced Phillips, 1917; Transvaal Department of Agriculture, 1905; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced POSA, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWatsonia meriana (bulbil bugle lily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZaleya pentandra (African purslane) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Frahm, 1985a; Zanten, 1971; O'Shea, 1999; Streimann, 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Localised McCauley et al., 2008.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006; Durrant et al., 2007.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parva Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolense Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Allwright et al., 1994; Stannard et al., 1998.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present Jooste et al., 2016; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996; Dahal et al., 2000a.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present von Wechmar, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Widespread Huguenot et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Bente et al., 2013.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Engelbrecht and Kasdorf, 1985; Engelbrecht and Kasdorf, 1987; Goszczynski and Jooste, 2003a.
VirusHawaiia minuscula Present Introduced Herbert, 2010.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Restricted distribution Introduced du Toit et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Knox et al., 1987; Salm and Rey, 1992; Wechmar et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Widespread Fuller, 1901; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2015; Carmichael et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, unreliable record Pietersen, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Domola et al., 2008.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Present
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Present OIE, 2012; Mellor and Boorman, 1995.
African swine fever Present OIE, 2012.
Akabane virus infection Present Anon., 1999a.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present Hansen et al., 2003; OIE, 2009; Human et al., 2011.
anaplasmosis Present Potgieter, 1979; Barry and Niekerk, 1990; Dreyer et al., 1998; OIE, 2012.
anthrax Present OIE, 2012; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
astrovirus infections Present Geyer et al., 1994.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Bragg et al., 1991.
avian chlamydiosis Present OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Present OIE, 2012; Pfitzer et al., 2000; Swayne and Suarez, 2000; Landman and Schrier, 2004; ProMED-mail, 2004.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian trichomoniasis Present Huchzermeyer, 1978; Pepler and Oettlé, 1992.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Allwright et al., 1994; Stannard et al., 1998.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Purnell et al., 1989; Dreyer et al., 1998.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; Nevill et al., 1992; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Reported present or known to be present Gothe and Schrecke, 1972; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced YesBoomker et al., 1980.
botulism Reported present or known to be present Lugt et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Verwoerd et al., 1967.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970; St-George, 1994.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present Barnard, 1997.
bovine papillomatosis Present Jackson, 1936; Du Casse, 1961; Smit, 1962; Bastianello, 1982.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Stroebel and Gerdes, 1996.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Odendaal et al., 1997.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Vuuren, 1990.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Last reported OIE, 2012; Ribeiro et al., 1990.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present OIE, 2009; Jansen, 1980.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Wicht and Maharaj, 1993.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Huchzermeyer, 1997; Verwoerd, 2000.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesBaker et al., 1968; Wardhana et al., 2012b; Hall et al., 2014.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Native Weldon et al., 2004.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Bente et al., 2013; Swanepoel et al., 1983.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Robertson and Spector, 1985; Steele et al., 1988; Steele et al., 1989; Jarmey et al., 2001; Leav et al., 2002.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Localised Bath, 2000.
Digenean infections of fish Present Lombard, 1968; Mashego, 1982.
dourine Present OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Last reported OIE, 2012.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
encephalomyocarditis Present Williams, 1981.
enteric redmouth disease Present Bragg and Henton , 1986.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present JANSEN, 1952.
epitheliocystis Present Paperna and Sabnai, 1980; Paperna et al., 1981.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Vorster et al., 1994.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Restricted distribution OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Allwright et al., 1994; Stannard et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Fantham, 1921.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Present OIE, 2009; Cowdry, 1925b; Neitz, 1968.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
ichthyophthiriosis Present Bragg, 1991.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present Bragg et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Reno, 1999.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004; McVeigh, 2004.
Lactococcus garvieae (Enterococcus seriolicida) infection in fish Present Carson et al., 1993.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available Adams and Toxopeus, 1978; Jacobs MR et al., 1978; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012; Huston, 1945; Diesel, 1949.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present Mettam and Snotsiekte, 1923; Plowright, 1965; Barnard and van, 1988; Barnard, 1990; Metzler, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Odendaal and Henton, 1995.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoBragg et al., 1990; Mouton et al., 2001.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infections Present Gilbert and Oettlé, 1990.
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infection Present Halderen et al., 1994.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Trichard et al., 1993.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Jardine and Dubey, 1992; Jardine and Last, 1993.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
oomycete infections in fish Present Oldewage and As , 1987.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present Travers, 1996; Travers et al., 1996.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Widespread Bastianello and Jonker, 1981.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006; Durrant et al., 2007.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Pini, 1975.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Reported present or known to be present Aucamp, 1825; Tustin, 1969; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Last reported OIE, 2012.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012; Bishop, 1992.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Kabongo et al., 2005.
Rift Valley fever Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Geyer et al., 1996.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Present Native Spiewok et al., 2007; OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Geornaras et al., 1997.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
streptococcosis in fish caused by Streptococcus iniae Present YesBoomker and et al. , 1979.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Wilkins et al., 1988.
Theileria parva infections Present Mbizeni et al., 2013.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tick-borne fever Present Retief et al., 1971.
torovirus infections Present Penrith and Gerdes, 1992; Smith et al., 1997.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Williams et al., 1994.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Present OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009; Buys et al., 1989a; Buys et al., 1989b; Maharaj et al., 1994.
Ureaplasma infections Present Gummow et al., 1992.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009; Lach et al., 2002.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Pépin et al., 1998.
West Nile fever Last reported OIE, 2012; Hayes, 1989.
whirling disease Absent, intercepted only Introduced Wyk, 1968.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 22500 F 21100 Im 21000 F 23000 F 22000 F
Apples Production Quantity 781124 724232 817698 770741 708089
Apples Yield 347166 Fc 343238 Fc 389380 Fc 335105 Fc 321859 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 6300 F 6000 F 5000 F 6100 F 5500 F
Apricots Production Quantity 57421 44346 46594 61222 55391
Apricots Yield 91144.4 Fc 73910 Fc 93188 Fc 100364 Fc 100711 Fc
Asparagus Production Quantity 484 544 622 801 648
Avocados Area Harvested 16346 Im 15000 F 14500 F 16000 F 13000 F
Avocados Production Quantity 75237 83204 76726 83534 65203
Avocados Yield 46027.8 Fc 55469.3 Fc 52914.5 Fc 52208.8 Fc 50156.2 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 6952 Im 7950 F 7500 F 7950 F 7000 F
Bananas Production Quantity 387352 393271 370805 393141 345749
Bananas Yield 557181 Fc 494681 Fc 494407 Fc 494517 Fc 493927 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 80150 82670 74760 68245 73360
Barley Production Quantity 312000 194000 216000 192000 222500
Barley Seed 5610.5 Fc 5610.5 Fc 4300 4600 6000
Barley Yield 38927 Fc 23466.8 Fc 28892.5 Fc 28133.9 Fc 30329.9 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 41900 44100 43800 43800 50725
Beans, dry Production Quantity 41980 52255 67030 58975 39545
Beans, dry Seed 5080 6320 8110 7140 6040
Beans, dry Yield 10019.1 Fc 11849.2 Fc 15303.7 Fc 13464.6 Fc 7795.96 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 3785 Im 3900 Im 4000 F 3494 Im 3300 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 23485 23889 26141 23481 21359
Beans, green Yield 62047.6 Fc 61253.8 Fc 65352.5 Fc 67203.8 Fc 64724.2 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 142 Im 139 Im 140 F 120 F 110 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 850 F 858 851 730 648
Berries Nes Yield 59859.2 Fc 61726.6 Fc 60785.7 Fc 60833.3 Fc 58909.1 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 550 F 530 Im 490 Im 562 Im 505 Im
Buckwheat Production Quantity 235 F 230 Im 214 Im 226 Im 197 Im
Buckwheat Seed 35.75 Fc 35.75 Fc 34.45 Fc 31.85 Fc 36.53 Fc
Buckwheat Yield 4272.73 Fc 4339.62 Fc 4367.35 Fc 4021.35 Fc 3900.99 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2116 Im 2340 Im 2400 F 2700 F 2550 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 150851 150845 136016 152865 143698
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 712906 Fc 644637 Fc 566733 Fc 566167 Fc 563522 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 5800 F 5200 Im 5300 F 6100 F 5300 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 161143 144088 148052 170500 148299
Carrots and turnips Yield 277833 Fc 277092 Fc 279343 Fc 279508 Fc 279809 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 8000 F 7800 Im 9531 Im 9135 Im 8641 Im
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 5677 Im 6222 Im 5598 Im 5998 Im 6038 Im
Castor oil seed Seed 120 Fc 120 Fc 117 Fc 142.97 Fc 137.03 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 7096.25 Fc 7976.92 Fc 5873.47 Fc 6565.96 Fc 6987.62 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 916 Im 950 F 1550 F 1050 F 980 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 16051 15811 27063 18003 16636
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 175229 Fc 166432 Fc 174600 Fc 171457 Fc 169755 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 3210410 A 3548000 A 3303390 A 3776490 A 3404280 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 12917700 A 14698300 A 14575700 A 15337400 A 9505850 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 80402.6 A 79062.6 A 76464.6 A 86659.4 A 94192.5 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 40237 Fc 41427.1 Fc 44123.6 Fc 40612.8 Fc 27923.3 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 35000 F 34400 Im 32048 Im 36729 Im 33000 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 17900 F 17800 Im 27325 Im 21853 Im 22000 F
Cereals, nes Yield 5114.29 Fc 5174.42 Fc 8526.27 Fc 5949.79 Fc 6666.67 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3210410 A 3548000 A 3303390 A 3776490 A 3404280 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12918600 A 14699300 A 14576700 A 15338400 A 9506950 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 80402.6 A 79062.6 A 76464.6 A 86659.4 A 94192.5 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 40239.6 Fc 41429.8 Fc 44126.5 Fc 40615.4 Fc 27926.5 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 168 Im 165 F 220 F 175 F 130 F
Cherries Production Quantity 282 290 466 272 206
Cherries Yield 16785.7 Fc 17575.8 Fc 21181.8 Fc 15542.9 Fc 15846.2 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 5000 F 4500 F 4100 F 4100 F 4100 F
Chicory roots Production Quantity 28300 23700 13133 15000 F 16000 F
Chicory roots Yield 56600 Fc 52666.7 Fc 32031.7 Fc 36585.4 Fc 39024.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 8000 F 7600 Im 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 15000 F 14400 Im 11000 F 11000 F 11000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 18750 Fc 18947.4 Fc 11000 Fc 11000 Fc 11000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 850 F 840 Im 737 Im 761 Im 700 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 267 Im 262 Im 264 Im 330 Im 329 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 10637 Im 10104 Im 10378 Im 11481 Im 11139 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 398390 Fc 385649 Fc 393106 Fc 347909 Fc 338571 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 75272 A 69690 A 69703 A 71453 A 68696 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2331100 A 2124900 A 2135790 A 2243940 A 2139780 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 309690 Fc 304908 Fc 306413 Fc 314044 Fc 311485 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2604700 A 2988780 A 2659840 A 3027290 A 2771200 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10911000 A 13266400 A 12615800 A 13205400 A 7598650 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 41026.3 A 39686.3 A 40109.4 A 44823.7 A 45488.6 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 41889.8 Fc 44387.5 Fc 47430.8 Fc 43621.1 Fc 27420.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 18000 8682 9077 9820 11173
Cottonseed Production Quantity 28273 12684 13856 16150 17854
Cottonseed Seed 102.22 Fc 102.22 Fc 119.62 Fc 136.28 Fc 184.42 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 10869 Im 10240 Im 8342 Im 8141 Im 9428 Im
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 4600 F 4500 Im 5747 Im 5045 Im 3701 Im
Cow peas, dry Seed 293.46 Fc 293.46 Fc 276.48 Fc 225.23 Fc 219.81 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 4232.22 Fc 4394.53 Fc 6889.24 Fc 6197.03 Fc 3925.54 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1500 F 1400 Im 1300 F 1250 F 1150 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 24357 21504 19799 20371 16920
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 162380 Fc 153600 Fc 152300 Fc 162968 Fc 147130 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 2840 Im 2850 F 2625 Im 2800 F 2600 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 2423 Im 2103 Im 1792 Im 2016 Im 1752 Im
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 8531.69 Fc 7378.95 Fc 6826.67 Fc 7200 Fc 6738.46 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11051 A 11931 A 13428 A 15121 A 16700 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 22628 A 12699 A 12500 A 13406 A 14519 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 20476 Fc 10643.7 Fc 9308.91 Fc 8865.82 Fc 8694.01 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 658 Im 646 Im 650 F 900 F 650 F
Figs Production Quantity 1817 1797 1902 2849 1946
Figs Yield 27614 Fc 27817.3 Fc 29261.5 Fc 31655.6 Fc 29938.5 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 293725 A 278303 A 282899 A 301148 A 286603 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5751310 A 5465510 A 5611980 A 6321490 A 6022570 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 195806 Fc 196387 Fc 198374 Fc 209913 Fc 210136 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5918 Im 5811 Im 5847 Im 5633 Im 5608 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 61000 F 60400 Im 60180 Im 63293 Im 61407 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 103075 Fc 103941 Fc 102925 Fc 112361 Fc 109499 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 14000 F 12100 Im 12000 F 11000 F 13000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 415679 343055 406628 340927 388657
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 296914 Fc 283517 Fc 338857 Fc 309934 Fc 298967 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 115000 F 110000 F 115000 F 120000 F 115000 F
Grapes Production Quantity 1306040 1261310 1347620 1865280 1812410
Grapes Yield 113569 Fc 114665 Fc 117184 Fc 155440 Fc 157601 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 55150 57450 54550 54200 40770
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 64250 88000 99500 88800 58000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 2200 2000 2300 3400 3500
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 11650 Fc 15317.7 Fc 18240.2 Fc 16383.8 Fc 14226.2 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 374 Im 414 Im 421 Im 410 F 410 F
Hops Production Quantity 439 Im 368 F 346 Im 370 F 360 F
Hops Yield 11738 Fc 8888.89 Fc 8218.53 Fc 9024.39 Fc 8780.49 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1100 A 1100 A 1415 A 1100 A 1100 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 858 A 745 A 635 A 716 A 622 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 7800 Fc 6772.73 Fc 4487.63 Fc 6509.09 Fc 5654.55 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 659 Im 668 Im 611 Im 598 Im 550 F
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 13500 F 10277 Im 11000 F 12000 F 10267 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 260002 215985 204317 229934 194694
Lemons and limes Yield 192594 Fc 210163 Fc 185743 Fc 191612 Fc 189631 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 2162 Im 2438 Im 2500 F 2900 F 2500 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 35978 38983 38613 43241 37151
Lettuce and chicory Yield 166411 Fc 159897 Fc 154452 Fc 149107 Fc 148604 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 11300 F 11400 Im 11276 Im 12089 Im 14000
Lupins Production Quantity 16000 F 16100 Im 20654 Im 18131 Im 13300
Lupins Seed 259.9 Fc 259.9 Fc 262.2 Fc 259.35 Fc 278.05 Fc
Lupins Yield 14159.3 Fc 14122.8 Fc 18316.8 Fc 14997.9 Fc 9500 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2372300 2742000 2427500 2799000 2551800
Maize Production Quantity 10360000 12815000 12050000 12700000 7125000
Maize Seed 29076 F 29076 30156 33556 33776
Maize Yield 43670.7 Fc 46736 Fc 49639.6 Fc 45373.3 Fc 27921.5 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 39500 F 39100 Im 34651 Im 33305 Im 32319 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 403000 F 402100 Im 351595 Im 363088 Im 334199 Im
Maize, green Yield 102025 Fc 102839 Fc 101467 Fc 109019 Fc 103406 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 5038 Im 4000 F 3500 F 6500 F 6900 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 52318 65186 48861 78388 82885
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 103847 Fc 162965 Fc 139603 Fc 120597 Fc 120123 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 14000 F 14100 Im 13143 Im 15062 Im 13533 Im
Millet Production Quantity 7000 F 6900 Im 6796 Im 6317 Im 7851 Im
Millet Seed 280 Fc 280 Fc 282 Fc 262.86 Fc 301.24 Fc
Millet Yield 5000 Fc 4893.62 Fc 5170.81 Fc 4194 Fc 5801.37 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 12568 12217 11744 11351 10320
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 4200 F 4200 F 4200 F 4200 F 4200 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 15486 Im 13000 F 15994 Im 15985 Im 14500 F
Nuts, nes Yield 36871.4 Fc 30952.4 Fc 38080.9 Fc 38059.5 Fc 34523.8 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 30000 F 24703 Im 23000 F 17000 F 26500 F
Oats Production Quantity 57000 34000 37000 27000 42000
Oats Seed 4500 4000 4700 5500 4300
Oats Yield 19000 Fc 13763.5 Fc 16087 Fc 15882.4 Fc 15849.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1170470 A 813101 A 976927 A 833457 A 590422 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1047250 A 747109 A 860938 A 699565 A 362980 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 17905.7 A 17829.7 A 13317.1 A 11414.6 A 9206.19 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8947.29 Fc 9188.39 Fc 8812.71 Fc 8393.53 Fc 6147.81 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1178470 A 820901 A 986458 A 842592 A 599063 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 532833 A 351530 A 474800 A 454849 A 200066 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 5976.3 A 5916.3 A 4406.21 A 4402.81 A 4116.41 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4521.4 Fc 4282.25 Fc 4813.18 Fc 5398.22 Fc 3339.65 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 6000 F 5700 Im 6953 Im 6336 Im 6102 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 13400 F 12700 Im 12902 Im 10807 Im 9991 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Seed 72 Fc 72 Fc 68.4 Fc 83.44 Fc 76.03 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 22333.3 Fc 22280.7 Fc 18556 Fc 17056.5 Fc 16373.3 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 26000 F 23300 Im 20500 F 22000 F 19000 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 588118 518284 461548 496425 432901
Onions, dry Yield 226199 Fc 222439 Fc 225145 Fc 225648 Fc 227843 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 42000 F 41645 Im 41000 F 43000 F 40000 F
Oranges Production Quantity 1496160 1414590 1369470 1522450 1410290
Oranges Yield 356229 Fc 339678 Fc 334017 Fc 354058 Fc 352573 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1100 F 1100 F 1415 Im 1100 F 1100 F
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 858 Im 745 Im 635 Im 716 Im 622 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 7800 Fc 6772.73 Fc 4487.63 Fc 6509.09 Fc 5654.55 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 1800 F 1853 Im 1900 F 2370 Im 2300 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 18408 23688 19915 23439 24664
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 102267 Fc 127836 Fc 104816 Fc 98898.7 Fc 107235 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 1536 Im 1508 Im 1300 F 1600 F 1500 F
Papayas Production Quantity 13023 12076 14139 15667 15447
Papayas Yield 84785.2 Fc 80079.6 Fc 108762 Fc 97918.8 Fc 102980 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 9675 Im 9500 F 10000 F 11400 F 10600 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 155635 164231 159444 182784 170005
Peaches and nectarines Yield 160863 Fc 172875 Fc 159444 Fc 160337 Fc 160382 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 12690 Im 12200 F 11500 F 11552 Im 11500 F
Pears Production Quantity 350527 368495 340088 345087 345737
Pears Yield 276223 Fc 302045 Fc 295729 Fc 298725 Fc 300641 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 900 F 910 Im 905 Im 731 Im 847 Im
Peas, dry Production Quantity 850 F 800 Im 1056 Im 927 Im 680 Im
Peas, dry Seed 108 Fc 108 Fc 109.2 Fc 108.6 Fc 87.72 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 9444.44 Fc 8791.21 Fc 11668.5 Fc 12681.3 Fc 8028.34 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 5000 F 5400 Im 5500 F 3000 Im 4500 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 8298 11900 16978 15543 14070
Peas, green Yield 16596 Fc 22037 Fc 30869.1 Fc 51810 Fc 31266.7 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 8000 F 7200 F 9600 F 11500 F 12400 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 108636 94287 122993 144791 160088
Pineapples Yield 135795 Fc 130954 Fc 128118 Fc 125905 Fc 129103 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 6922 Im 6797 Im 6839 Im 6500 F 5500 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 63538 61019 61563 62645 52798
Plums and sloes Yield 91791.4 Fc 89773.4 Fc 90017.6 Fc 96376.9 Fc 95996.4 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 64000 F 62200 Im 55000 F 60000 F 58000 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 2195400 2090210 1866580 2040000 1972390
Potatoes Seed 76800 Fc 76800 Fc 74640 Fc 66000 Fc 72000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 343031 Fc 336047 Fc 339378 Fc 340000 Fc 340067 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 64969 A 66650 A 64323 A 64761 A 75000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 63430 A 73655 A 94487 A 83078 A 57226 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 5741.36 A 6981.36 A 8757.88 A 7733.18 A 6625.58 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9763.12 Fc 11051 Fc 14689.5 Fc 12828.4 Fc 7630.13 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 12052 Im 12083 Im 10492 Im 11000 F 12000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 177852 171998 158335 166110 81200
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 147571 Fc 142347 Fc 150910 Fc 151009 Fc 67666.7 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 51 Im 50 F 50 F 35 F 29 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 181 208 235 174 145
Quinces Yield 35490.2 Fc 41600 Fc 47000 Fc 49714.3 Fc 50000 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 43510 34820 35060 34000 33200
Rapeseed Production Quantity 58800 36900 40350 30800 38150
Rapeseed Yield 13514.1 Fc 10597.4 Fc 11508.8 Fc 9058.82 Fc 11491 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 1012 Im 1123 Im 1046 Im 1199 Im 1077 Im
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2527 Im 2876 Im 2850 Im 3000 P 3300 F
Rice, paddy Seed 70.84 Fc 70.84 Fc 78.61 Fc 73.22 Fc 83.93 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 24970.4 Fc 25610 Fc 27246.7 Fc 25020.8 Fc 30640.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 82000 A 81500 A 76000 A 75314 A 73500 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2251180 A 2155990 A 1929600 A 2092500 A 2022990 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 76800 A 76800 A 74640 A 66000 A 72000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 274534 Fc 264539 Fc 253895 Fc 277836 Fc 275236 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 3500 F 3700 Im 3399 Im 3896 Im 3500 F
Rye Production Quantity 1900 F 2000 Im 2000 * 3000 P 3100 F
Rye Seed 140 Fc 140 Fc 148 Fc 135.96 Fc 155.84 Fc
Rye Yield 5428.57 Fc 5405.41 Fc 5884.08 Fc 7700.21 Fc 8857.14 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 5111 5981 6814 9221 11000
Seed cotton Production Quantity 46349 20795 22716 26476 29270
Seed cotton Yield 90684.8 Fc 34768.4 Fc 33337.3 Fc 28712.7 Fc 26609.1 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 2000 F 2000 F 2574 Im 2000 F 2000 F
Sisal Production Quantity 1347 Im 1169 Im 996 Im 854 Im 972 Im
Sisal Yield 6735 Fc 5845 Fc 3869.46 Fc 4270 Fc 4860 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 69200 86675 85500 86800 69000
Sorghum Production Quantity 155000 196500 276500 255000 176000
Sorghum Seed 1384 Fc 544 489 737 919
Sorghum Yield 22398.8 Fc 22670.9 Fc 32339.2 Fc 29377.9 Fc 25507.3 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 418000 311450 237750 165400 183000
Soybeans Production Quantity 710000 566000 516000 282000 205000
Soybeans Seed 18810 Fc 18810 Fc 14015.3 Fc 10698.8 Fc 7443 Fc
Soybeans Yield 16985.7 Fc 18173.1 Fc 21703.5 Fc 17049.6 Fc 11202.2 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 557 Im 547 Im 550 F 730 F 480 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 5231 5397 6021 6954 4639
Strawberries Yield 93913.8 Fc 98665.4 Fc 109473 Fc 95260.3 Fc 96645.8 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 272000 267000 F 311000 F 320000 F 323000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 16800000 16015600 18655100 19255400 19724000
Sugar cane Yield 617647 Fc 599835 Fc 599842 Fc 601731 Fc 610650 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 642700 397700 635800 564300 316350
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 860000 490000 801000 872000 300000
Sunflower seed Seed 4498.9 Fc 4498.9 Fc 2700 3300 3950.1 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 13381 Fc 12320.8 Fc 12598.3 Fc 15452.8 Fc 9483.17 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 18000 F 19300 Im 21000 F 15314 Im 15500 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 55775 65780 63022 52496 50598
Sweet potatoes Yield 30986.1 Fc 34082.9 Fc 30010.5 Fc 34279.7 Fc 32643.9 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 5505 Im 5406 Im 5439 Im 5123 Im 5100 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 148619 Im 141169 Im 145000 P 139145 Im 135000 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 269971 Fc 261134 Fc 266593 Fc 271608 Fc 264706 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 1100 F 1000 F 1500 F 2112 Im 2000 F
Tea Production Quantity 1795 1647 1743 3290 4200 F
Tea Yield 16318.2 Fc 16470 Fc 11620 Fc 15577.7 Fc 21000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 5400 3950 3562 3363 5000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 15000 12300 9565 9041 13000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 27777.8 Fc 31139.2 Fc 26852.9 Fc 26883.7 Fc 26000 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 7298 Im 7508 Im 7700 F 7800 F 7100 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 507261 554108 533165 540470 491220
Tomatoes Yield 695069 Fc 738023 Fc 692422 Fc 692910 Fc 691859 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4200 A 4200 A 4200 A 4200 A 4200 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15486 A 13000 A 15994 A 15985 A 14500 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 36871.4 Fc 30952.4 Fc 38080.9 Fc 38059.5 Fc 34523.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 34000 F 33500 Im 25465 Im 24476 Im 23751 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 400000 F 389100 Im 340253 Im 351375 Im 323418 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 117647 Fc 116149 Fc 133616 Fc 143559 Fc 136170 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 149429 A 147972 A 128108 A 125145 A 121514 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2607360 A 2619790 A 2363350 A 2453980 A 2162630 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 174488 Fc 177046 Fc 184481 Fc 196091 Fc 177974 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 149429 A 147972 A 128108 A 125145 A 121514 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2607360 A 2619790 A 2363350 A 2453980 A 2162630 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 174488 Fc 177046 Fc 184481 Fc 196091 Fc 177974 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 7500 F 9000 F 4850 F 3700 F 4764 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 77993 139223 72166 55555 64679
Watermelons Yield 103991 Fc 154692 Fc 148796 Fc 150149 Fc 135766 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 604700 558100 642500 748000 632000
Wheat Production Quantity 2005000 1430000 1958000 2130000 1905000
Wheat Seed 39305.5 Fc 39305.5 Fc 36276.5 Fc 41762.5 Fc 48620 Fc
Wheat Yield 33156.9 Fc 25622.7 Fc 30474.7 Fc 28475.9 Fc 30142.4 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 20633 21326 25985 Im 25768 Im 26990 Im
Apples Production Quantity 639763 680426 765359 701663 591432
Apples Yield 310068 Fc 319059 Fc 294539 Fc 272300 Fc 219130 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 7000 F 4533 7000 F 5987 Im 6271 Im
Apricots Production Quantity 83639 43688 96968 50006 56672
Apricots Yield 119484 Fc 96377.7 Fc 138526 Fc 83524.3 Fc 90371.6 Fc
Asparagus Production Quantity 406 1657 2322 2395 3161
Avocados Area Harvested 12500 F 14000 F 12750 * 13000 * 12950 *
Avocados Production Quantity 61442 105931 56869 77224 66523
Avocados Yield 49153.6 Fc 75665 Fc 44603.1 Fc 59403.1 Fc 51369.1 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 6900 F 6962 8000 F 9000 F 11000 F
Bananas Production Quantity 343689 351612 279767 352025 392492
Bananas Yield 498100 Fc 505045 Fc 349709 Fc 391139 Fc 356811 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 89780 90000 83200 84220 72000
Barley Production Quantity 236000 225000 185000 240000 180000
Barley Seed 5135.2 Fc 6284.6 Fc 6300 Fc 5824 Fc 5895.4 Fc
Barley Yield 26286.5 Fc 25000 Fc 22235.6 Fc 28496.8 Fc 25000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 54880 49300 56200 51010 44900
Beans, dry Production Quantity 67250 69820 80000 68345 62307
Beans, dry Seed 5072.5 Fc 5488 Fc 4930 Fc 5620 Fc 7000
Beans, dry Yield 12254 Fc 14162.3 Fc 14234.9 Fc 13398.4 Fc 13876.8 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 3200 F 3700 4800 F 5421 Im 5600 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 28535 33777 35390 44485 37477
Beans, green Yield 89171.9 Fc 91289.2 Fc 73729.2 Fc 82060.5 Fc 66923.2 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 101 Im 102 Im 101 Im 100 F 80 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 570 551 631 540 412
Berries Nes Yield 56435.6 Fc 54019.6 Fc 62475.3 Fc 54000 Fc 51500 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 444 Im 638 Im 644 Im 694 Im 701 Im
Buckwheat Production Quantity 196 Im 294 Im 249 Im 245 Im 270 Im
Buckwheat Seed 32.83 Fc 28.86 Fc 41.47 Fc 41.86 Fc 45.11 Fc
Buckwheat Yield 4414.41 Fc 4608.15 Fc 3866.46 Fc 3530.26 Fc 3851.64 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2500 F 2719 2888 2856 2936
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 141525 155270 173222 171396 177943
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 566100 Fc 571056 Fc 599799 Fc 600126 Fc 606073 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 4600 F 4515 F 4753 Im 4356 Im 4500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 127486 127062 132754 124180 111747
Carrots and turnips Yield 277143 Fc 281422 Fc 279306 Fc 285078 Fc 248327 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 8932 Im 9169 Im 8937 Im 8513 Im 8358 Im
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 5511 Im 5380 Im 5606 Im 4911 Im 7092 Im
Castor oil seed Seed 129.62 Fc 133.98 Fc 137.54 Fc 134.06 Fc 127.7 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 6169.95 Fc 5867.6 Fc 6272.8 Fc 5768.82 Fc 8485.28 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 850 F 1074 1100 F 1500 Im 1150 Im
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 14500 19340 19031 18098 19292
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 170588 Fc 180074 Fc 173009 Fc 120653 Fc 167757 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 2989330 A 4277870 A 4321200 A 4657400 A 4706190 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 9442740 A 14177600 A 12023500 A 11815300 A 13043700 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 100364 A 131472 A 134947 A 136962 A 131023 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 31588.1 Fc 33141.7 Fc 27824.4 Fc 25368.9 Fc 27716.1 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 20265 Im 29117 Im 29412 Im 31700 Im 32000 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 14478 Im 21738 Im 18435 Im 18116 Im 20000 F
Cereals, nes Yield 7144.34 Fc 7465.74 Fc 6267.85 Fc 5714.83 Fc 6250 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2989330 A 4277870 A 4321200 A 4657400 A 4706190 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9443600 A 14178900 A 12024600 A 11816400 A 13044700 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 100364 A 131472 A 134947 A 136962 A 131023 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 31591 Fc 33144.7 Fc 27826.9 Fc 25371.2 Fc 27718.2 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 80 F 156 360 F 250 F 260 F
Cherries Production Quantity 126 234 538 930 957
Cherries Yield 15750 Fc 15000 Fc 14944.4 Fc 37200 Fc 36807.7 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 4100 F 4100 F 4100 F 4100 F 4100 F
Chicory roots Production Quantity 15444 Im 14626 Im 16726 Im 16000 16268 Im
Chicory roots Yield 37668.3 Fc 35673.2 Fc 40795.1 Fc 39024.4 Fc 39678.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 12948 Im 12477 Im 10033 Im 9861 Im 9673 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 12820 Im 11808 Im 11586 Im 11057 Im 10031 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 9901.14 Fc 9463.81 Fc 11547.9 Fc 11212.9 Fc 10370.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 649 Im 750 600 F 500 F 382 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 419 Im 423 Im 420 Im 416 Im 436 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 10894 Im 10616 Im 10655 Im 10884 Im 10096 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 260000 Fc 250969 Fc 253690 Fc 261635 Fc 231560 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 67055 A 68263 A 69800 A 75675 A 80762 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2110420 A 1941450 A 1852410 A 2062520 A 1903270 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 314730 Fc 284407 Fc 265388 Fc 272550 Fc 235664 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2223390 A 3471510 A 3489830 A 3907920 A 3763700 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7336040 A 12270000 A 10334300 A 10266400 A 10604000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 59208.7 A 81680.4 A 82526.4 A 82916.2 A 82299.7 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 32994.9 Fc 35345 Fc 29612.7 Fc 26270.6 Fc 28174.3 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 14483 16500 F 28021 16348 18166
Cottonseed Production Quantity 23936 36338 46197 25087 28819
Cottonseed Seed 220 Fc 362 Fc 440 Fc 714.38 Fc 1700
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 10325 Im 9235 Im 9220 Im 8901 Im 8142 Im
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 5719 Im 5878 Im 5880 Im 5080 Im 5190 Im
Cow peas, dry Seed 254.56 Fc 278.78 Fc 249.35 Fc 248.94 Fc 240.33 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 5538.98 Fc 6364.92 Fc 6377.44 Fc 5707.22 Fc 6374.36 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1100 F 1200 1385 Im 1400 Im 1253 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 15282 16762 15849 15160 15176
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 138927 Fc 139683 Fc 114433 Fc 108286 Fc 121117 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 2266 Im 2654 Im 2476 Im 2349 Im 2550 Im
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 8715.38 Fc 10207.7 Fc 9523.08 Fc 9034.62 Fc 9807.69 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 23800 A 27700 A 41357 A 28767 A 44658 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 18813 A 21396 A 32636 A 21031 A 23181 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 7904.62 Fc 7724.19 Fc 7891.29 Fc 7310.81 Fc 5190.78 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 600 F 700 757 Im 751 Im 787 Im
Figs Production Quantity 1525 1790 1800 1837 1809
Figs Yield 25416.7 Fc 25571.4 Fc 23778.1 Fc 24460.7 Fc 22986 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 281943 A 285212 A 293251 A 299819 A 323042 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5868890 A 5719010 A 5740120 A 5863430 A 5444040 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 208159 Fc 200518 Fc 195741 Fc 195565 Fc 168524 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5735 Im 5796 Im 5750 F 6000 F 6009 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 60056 Im 58522 Im 58738 Im 60000 F 60709 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 104718 Fc 100970 Fc 102153 Fc 100000 Fc 101030 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 13500 F 12500 F 10000 F 11000 F 10000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 415212 362981 300060 323346 286495
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 307564 Fc 290385 Fc 300060 Fc 293951 Fc 286495 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 112717 112589 111599 110200 116709
Grapes Production Quantity 1757360 1682810 1761920 1663530 1521700
Grapes Yield 155909 Fc 149465 Fc 157880 Fc 150956 Fc 130384 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 48550 40000 71500 49850 94160
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 74000 64000 115000 66934 133730
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 2650.05 Fc 3155.75 Fc 2600 Fc 4647.5 Fc 3240.25 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 15242 Fc 16000 Fc 16083.9 Fc 13427.1 Fc 14202.4 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 415 Im 400 380 F 360 Im 331 Im
Hops Production Quantity 350 F 335 320 F 306 Im 311 Im
Hops Yield 8433.73 Fc 8375 Fc 8421.05 Fc 8500 Fc 9395.77 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1100 A 1100 A 1038 A 1247 A 1170 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 804 A 942 A 879 A 834 A 905 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 7309.09 Fc 8563.64 Fc 8468.21 Fc 6688.05 Fc 7735.04 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 650 F 650 F 500 F
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 10500 F 9220 Im 9147 Im 9070 Im 9500 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 216957 184290 230083 205655 190118
Lemons and limes Yield 206626 Fc 199881 Fc 251539 Fc 226742 Fc 200124 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 2200 F 2194 3184 Im 2374 Im 2403 Im
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 32975 33063 32650 31913 32587
Lettuce and chicory Yield 149886 Fc 150697 Fc 102544 Fc 134427 Fc 135610 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 16000 14100 7100 10100 11000
Lupins Production Quantity 14400 14100 3950 4040 11700
Lupins Seed 322 Fc 368 Fc 324.3 Fc 163.3 Fc 232.3 Fc
Lupins Yield 9000 Fc 10000 Fc 5563.38 Fc 4000 Fc 10636.4 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2032450 3223000 3204110 3650900 3533460
Maize Production Quantity 6935060 11715900 9710070 9705000 10076000
Maize Seed 50000 F 72000 F 72000 F 72000 F 72000 F
Maize Yield 34121.7 Fc 36350.9 Fc 30305 Fc 26582.5 Fc 28516 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 32500 F 36168 Im 36557 Im 33500 F 33477 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 310000 F 318966 Im 320000 F 322000 F 296000
Maize, green Yield 95384.6 Fc 88190.1 Fc 87534.5 Fc 96119.4 Fc 88418.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 7916 Im 8000 7500 F 6000 F 7000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 95328 108597 100797 81833 86101
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 120424 Fc 135746 Fc 134396 Fc 136388 Fc 123001 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 11898 Im 17095 Im 17268 Im 18611 Im 18787 Im
Millet Production Quantity 7804 Im 11717 Im 9937 Im 9765 Im 10780 Im
Millet Seed 270.66 Fc 237.96 Fc 341.9 Fc 345.36 Fc 372.22 Fc
Millet Yield 6559.09 Fc 6854.05 Fc 5754.57 Fc 5246.9 Fc 5738.01 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 8477 8385 8415 8610 7021
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 4142 Im 4000 F 3600 F 3591 Im 3514 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 14000 F 14500 F 13000 F 11399 Im 12000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 33800.1 Fc 36250 Fc 36111.1 Fc 31743.3 Fc 34149.1 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 28000 F 22962 Im 23195 Im 25000 F 30000 F
Oats Production Quantity 43500 34000 37000 33000 58217
Oats Seed 2250 Fc 2250 Fc 2025 Fc 2025 Fc 2025 Fc
Oats Yield 15535.7 Fc 14807.1 Fc 15951.7 Fc 13200 Fc 19405.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 820177 A 719638 A 824996 A 831599 A 967508 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 647556 A 581875 A 570892 A 496617 A 726440 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 8709.59 A 11551.6 A 8111.86 A 8734.73 A 7715.02 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 7895.32 Fc 8085.66 Fc 6919.94 Fc 5971.83 Fc 7508.36 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 829109 A 728807 A 833933 A 840112 A 975866 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 334609 A 350126 A 364610 A 348559 A 502269 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 3294.25 A 4393.4 A 3467.39 A 4207.47 A 3877.66 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4035.76 Fc 4804.09 Fc 4372.17 Fc 4148.96 Fc 5146.91 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 8477 Im 7438 Im 8527 Im 8595 Im 10000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 9948 Im 9712 Im 10120 Im 8865 Im 12800 F
Oilseeds, Nes Seed 73.22 Fc 101.72 Fc 89.26 Fc 102.32 Fc 103.14 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 11735.3 Fc 13057.3 Fc 11868.2 Fc 10314.1 Fc 12800 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 18000 F 16088 19015 Im 17425 Im 18000 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 403191 387270 403202 360387 344053
Onions, dry Yield 223995 Fc 240720 Fc 212044 Fc 206822 Fc 191141 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 37636 41000 F 45000 F 50000 F 55391 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 1334410 1246450 1197910 1410460 1306780
Oranges Yield 354557 Fc 304012 Fc 266202 Fc 282092 Fc 235919 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1100 F 1100 F 1038 Im 1247 Im 1170 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 804 Im 942 Im 879 Im 834 Im 905 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 7309.09 Fc 8563.64 Fc 8468.21 Fc 6688.05 Fc 7735.04 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 2200 F 2371 2000 F 2716 Im 2430 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 21979 23329 22920 29000 F 28509
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 99904.6 Fc 98393.1 Fc 114600 Fc 106775 Fc 117321 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 1385 Im 1400 1800 F 1500 F 1900 F
Papayas Production Quantity 14297 15274 14223 12648 15449
Papayas Yield 103227 Fc 109100 Fc 79016.7 Fc 84320 Fc 81310.5 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 10358 10853 11000 F 15000 F 20902 Im
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 166955 172631 183652 249290 189647
Peaches and nectarines Yield 161185 Fc 159063 Fc 166956 Fc 166193 Fc 90731.5 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 11548 12130 12074 Im 11973 Im 12541 Im
Pears Production Quantity 324023 316142 328538 325274 337329
Pears Yield 280588 Fc 260628 Fc 272104 Fc 271673 Fc 268981 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 928 Im 830 Im 829 Im 800 F 452 Im
Peas, dry Production Quantity 1050 F 1275 Im 1032 1033 1000
Peas, dry Seed 101.64 Fc 111.36 Fc 99.6 Fc 99.48 Fc 96 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 11314.7 Fc 15361.5 Fc 12448.7 Fc 12912.5 Fc 22123.9 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 4600 F 4625 3699 Im 3739 Im 3345 Im
Peas, green Production Quantity 15188 15255 14139 9207 16581
Peas, green Yield 33017.4 Fc 32983.8 Fc 38223.8 Fc 24624.2 Fc 49569.5 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 12864 Im 13000 13000 13000 13000
Pineapples Production Quantity 166335 180618 164434 160820 176490
Pineapples Yield 129303 Fc 138937 Fc 126488 Fc 123708 Fc 135762 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 4071 4867 F 5295 Im 5251 Im 5500 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 38956 53608 67540 58336 38728
Plums and sloes Yield 95691.5 Fc 110146 Fc 127554 Fc 111095 Fc 70414.6 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 56000 F 53000 52000 50000 48000
Potatoes Production Quantity 1862860 1767730 1799620 1496000 1647000
Potatoes Seed 69600 Fc 67200 Fc 63600 Fc 62400 Fc 60000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 332654 Fc 333534 Fc 346081 Fc 299200 Fc 343125 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 82133 A 73465 A 73349 A 70811 A 64494 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 88419 A 91073 A 90862 A 78498 A 80197 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 5750.7 A 6246.14 A 5603.25 A 6131.72 A 7568.63 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 10765.3 Fc 12396.8 Fc 12387.6 Fc 11085.6 Fc 12434.8 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 10000 F 18940 23863 Im 24120 Im 21580 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 78293 253907 256014 357055 294000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 78293 Fc 134059 Fc 107285 Fc 148033 Fc 136237 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 30 F 35 F 30 F 30 F 31 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 122 137 133 151 212
Quinces Yield 40666.7 Fc 39142.9 Fc 44333.3 Fc 50333.3 Fc 68387.1 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 32000 40200 44250 44000 * 33000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 36500 44200 32000 41000 * 38000 *
Rapeseed Yield 11406.3 Fc 10995 Fc 7231.64 Fc 9318.18 Fc 11515.2 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 947 Im 1361 Im 1375 Im 1482 Im 1496 Im
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2557 Im 3839 Im 3256 Im 3200 F 3000 P
Rice, paddy Seed 75.39 Fc 66.29 Fc 95.27 Fc 96.25 Fc 103.74 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 27001.1 Fc 28207.2 Fc 23680 Fc 21592.4 Fc 20053.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 71000 A 69130 A 68000 A 64500 A 63000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1909850 A 1822070 A 1854420 A 1546130 A 1699380 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 69600 A 67200 A 63600 A 62400 A 60000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 268994 Fc 263572 Fc 272708 Fc 239710 Fc 269742 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 3400 2200 2000 1300 1500
Rye Production Quantity 3000 1400 620 230 700
Rye Seed 140 Fc 136 Fc 88 Fc 80 Fc 52 Fc
Rye Yield 8823.53 Fc 6363.64 Fc 3100 Fc 1769.23 Fc 4666.67 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 18100 22000 35719 22574 38688
Seed cotton Production Quantity 39239 54110 75732 44191 47944
Seed cotton Yield 21679 Fc 24595.5 Fc 21202.2 Fc 19576.1 Fc 12392.5 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2346 Im 2200 F
Sisal Production Quantity 1260 F 1300 P 1260 1500 F 1560
Sisal Yield 6300 Fc 6500 Fc 6300 Fc 6393.86 Fc 7090.91 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 37150 86500 130000 95497 75250
Sorghum Production Quantity 96000 260000 373000 260000 258000
Sorghum Seed 1380 Fc 743 Fc 1730 Fc 2600 Fc 1909.94 Fc
Sorghum Yield 25841.2 Fc 30057.8 Fc 28692.3 Fc 27226 Fc 34285.7 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 240570 150000 135000 100130 124150
Soybeans Production Quantity 424000 272500 220000 136520 223000
Soybeans Seed 8235 Fc 10825.7 Fc 6750 Fc 6075 Fc 4505.85 Fc
Soybeans Yield 17624.8 Fc 18166.7 Fc 16296.3 Fc 13634.3 Fc 17962.1 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 450 F 500 450 F 334 Im 350 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 4278 4988 5807 4794 4102
Strawberries Yield 95066.7 Fc 99760 Fc 129044 Fc 143533 Fc 117200 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 320000 F 328000 F 325000 F 327000 F 330000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 20275400 21265000 19094800 20418900 23012600
Sugar cane Yield 633606 Fc 648323 Fc 587532 Fc 624431 Fc 697352 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 472480 460000 530000 606450 667510
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 520000 620000 648000 682165 966543
Sunflower seed Seed 2214.45 Fc 3307.36 Fc 3220 Fc 3710 Fc 4245.15 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 11005.8 Fc 13478.3 Fc 12226.4 Fc 11248.5 Fc 14479.8 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 15000 F 16130 16000 F 14500 F 15000 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 46994 54342 54797 50129 52377
Sweet potatoes Yield 31329.3 Fc 33690 Fc 34248.1 Fc 34571.7 Fc 34918 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 5000 F 5120 5233 Im 5189 Im 5435 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 132950 137113 113702 112179 109782
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 265900 Fc 267799 Fc 217279 Fc 216186 Fc 201991 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 1900 F 5800 2200 F 5300 F 6200 F
Tea Production Quantity 3328 21780 4279 12143 12500 F
Tea Yield 17515.8 Fc 37551.7 Fc 19450 Fc 22911.3 Fc 20161.3 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 6000 9000 19000 13600 14700
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 17500 20000 22200 37400 33000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 29166.7 Fc 22222.2 Fc 11684.2 Fc 27500 Fc 22449 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 6400 F 6475 6405 5660 5861
Tomatoes Production Quantity 441770 462219 436528 413636 450396
Tomatoes Yield 690266 Fc 713852 Fc 681543 Fc 730806 Fc 768463 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4142 A 4000 A 3600 A 3591 A 3514 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14000 A 14500 A 13000 A 11399 A 12000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 33800.1 Fc 36250 Fc 36111.1 Fc 31743.3 Fc 34149.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 23884 Im 25759 Im 23884 Im 24141 Im 21599 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 300000 F 304540 Im 305528 Im 310000 F 270000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 125607 Fc 118227 Fc 127922 Fc 128412 Fc 125006 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 116334 A 130140 A 138444 A 133708 A 129386 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2006180 A 2236980 A 2243930 A 2279220 A 2156650 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 172450 Fc 171890 Fc 162082 Fc 170462 Fc 166683 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 116334 A 130140 A 138444 A 133708 A 129386 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2006180 A 2236980 A 2243930 A 2279220 A 2156650 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 172450 Fc 171890 Fc 162082 Fc 170462 Fc 166683 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 4300 F 4312 4911 Im 4500 F 5252 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 65274 74778 64866 61195 52323
Watermelons Yield 151800 Fc 173418 Fc 132083 Fc 135989 Fc 99624.9 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 765000 805000 830000 748000 941000
Wheat Production Quantity 2105000 1905000 1687000 1546840 2437750
Wheat Seed 41080 Fc 49725 Fc 52325 Fc 53950 Fc 48620 Fc
Wheat Yield 27516.3 Fc 23664.6 Fc 20325.3 Fc 20679.7 Fc 25906 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 96374 Fm 96891 Fm 96988 Fm 97108 Fm 96890 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 36.6 I 45.3 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 7.2 I 4.7 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1601 Q 1538 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 55.6 I 59.6 I 43.8 I 50 I
Arable land Area 12033 Q 12533 Q 12660 Fm 12800 Fm 12600 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 12446 Q 12963 Q 13060 Fm 13180 Fm 12962 Fm
Country area Area 121909 Q 121909 Q 121909 W 121909 W 121909 W
Fallow land Area 25 Fm 150 Fm
Forest area Area 9241 Fm 9241 Q 9241 Fm 9241 Fm 9241 Fm
Inland water Area 600 Fm 600 Fm 600 Fm 600 Fm 600 Fm
Land area Area 121309 Q 121309 Q 121309 Q 121309 Q 121309 Q
Other land Area 15694 Fm 15177 Fm 15080 Fm 14960 Fm 15178 Fm
Permanent crops Area 413 Q 430 Q 400 Fm 380 Fm 362 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 83928 Fm 83928 Fm 83928 Fm 83928 Fm 83928 Fm
Temporary crops Area 11988 Q 12363 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 20 Fm 20 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1601 Q 1538 Q 1534 Fm 1530 Fm 1526 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 96888 Fm 97483 Fm 97608 Fm 97928 Fm 98028 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 50 I 50 I
Arable land Area 12600 Fm 13175 Fm 13300 Fm 13600 Fm 13700 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 12960 Fm 13555 Fm 13680 Fm 14000 Fm 14100 Fm
Country area Area 121909 W 121909 W 121909 W 121909 Q 121909 Q
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 9241 Fm 9241 Q 9241 Fm 9241 Fm 9241 Fm
Inland water Area 600 Fm 600 Fm 600 Fm 600 Fm 600 Fm
Land area Area 121309 Q 121309 Q 121309 Q 121309 Q 121309 Q
Other land Area 15180 Fm 14585 Fm 14460 Fm 14140 Fm 14040 Fm
Permanent crops Area 360 Fm 380 Fm 380 Fm 400 Fm 400 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 83928 Fm 83928 Fm 83928 Fm 83928 Q 83928 F
Temporary crops Area
Temporary meadows and pastures Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1522 Fm 1518 Fm 1514 Fm 1510 Fm 1506 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files