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Datasheet

South Africa

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    South Africa
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 122,100
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical
  • Capital: Pretoria/Cape Town
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 47,850,700
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$5,720
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$273,900,797,952
  • GDP: US$283,006,500,864
  • Agriculture, value added: US$8,045,675,008
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)WidespreadBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentHansen et al., 2003; Human et al., 2011
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Restricted distribution; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1924OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Absent, unreliable recordSeemüller, 1990; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distributionKorsten et al., 1996
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Restricted distributionCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentManicom et al., 1981; Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)WidespreadBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)EradicatedBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)WidespreadYesIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014; Nagel et al., 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentHansen et al., 1986; Thompson, 1987; Thompson, 1988
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Restricted distributionGulya et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentHoltzhausen & Knox-Davies, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Holtzhausen, 1978; Crous et al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionRoux et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO, 2014; De Milliano et al., 1991; McLaren, 1994; Doidge et al., 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentIntroducedNDA, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Restricted distributionViljoen et al., 1994; Britz et al., 1999a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; Anon, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Restricted distributionMcOnie, 1964; Whiteside, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentIntroducedWingfield & Marasas, 1983; Zhou et al., 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)PresentSwart, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCrous et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedYesSutton & Gibson, 1972; Viljoen et al., 1993; Barnes et al., 2001; Wingfield & Swart, 1988; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSutton, 1980; Lundquist, 1987; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentIntroducedYesBaxter et al., 1995; Tribe, 1995; Croft, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentVisser et al., 2009; Verwoerd, 1935
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Roux et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadNativeWeldon et al., 2004
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentIntroducedRay, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesHove & Weerdenburg, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentRyke & Meyer, 1960; Daiber, 1985; Undurraga & Dybas, 1988; Daiber, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentNativeSpiewok et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969; Brain, 1918
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Restricted distributionMound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2010; Giliomee & Millar, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling, 1959; Rose, 1990; Bedford, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesGilbert, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentNativeBeekman et al., 2002; Radloff & Hepburn, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesNesamari et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusAbsent, formerly presentIntroducedSandison, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011; IPPC, 2010; IPPC, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentMunro, 1984; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, few occurrencesCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Esterhuizen et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBrown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/Bedford et al., 1994a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentEsterhuizen et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Greathead pers. comm.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentImmelman, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)LocalisedIntroducedLe et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Widespreadde Meyer, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)WidespreadNativeDe Meyer, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeBarnard, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS, 2011; Gherardi & Holdich, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedMoor Ide, 2002; Zimmerman, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014; Assefa, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977; Anon., 1978; Pinhey, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesBaker et al., 1968; Wardhana et al., 2012b; Hall et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesWatson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedYesCoaton, 1950; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedPinhey , 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesFuller, 1921
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesPetty, 1925; Hodkinson, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadHarbach, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; Hancock, 1989; Norrbom et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaraba laisalisPresentOlckers & Hulley, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentIntroducedWalters et al., 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSouth Africa Institute for Commercial Forestry Res
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966; Kaydan & Gullan, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedEvans, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesGiliomee, 1989; Nakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)WidespreadMally, 1924; Tooke, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)WidespreadBlomefield & Geertsema, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedYesStals & Prinsloo, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)WidespreadDennill, 1992; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)WidespreadDaneel et al., 1994; CIE, 1976; Mitchell & Ironside, 1982; Daneel, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesTribe, 1991b; Tribe, 1992; Tribe, 1991a; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesMoran & Zimmermann, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)Absent, unreliable recordDouglas, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)WidespreadIntroducedYesStebbing, 1910; Robinson et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Bond & Slingsby, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone, 1993; Brain, 1929; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentMillar, 1994; CIE, 1979; Remaudiere & Autrique, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadAnnecke & Moran, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, few occurrencesUvarov, 1923b; Faure, 1932; Audinet-Serville, 1838; Walker, 1870; Kirby, 1902; Sjöstedt, 1913; Lea, 1935; Faure, 1935; Smit, 1936; Rehn, 1944; StÕl, 1873
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentNativeYesCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentIntroducedYesTribe, 1990; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeYesWheeler, 1922; ISSG, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesNeuenschwander & Herren, 1988; Herren & Neuenschwander, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra)PresentNativeAnnecke & Moran, 1982; Barnes & Pringle, 1989; Schönherr, 1826; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedCillie & Tribe, 1991; Wang, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentBohlen, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Introduced, establishedGeertsema, 1996; Steele, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedYesZwolinski, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)WidespreadDe Lotto, 1975; Georgala et al., 1975; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967; Kfir, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentIntroducedYesVeldtman et al., 2012; Eardley et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeLai et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentKamburov, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHentonnen & Huner , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedDreistadt, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentViljoen et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014; Rafter & Walter, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2010; IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014; Smith et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; Giliomee & Millar, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentTribe, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)WidespreadChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentHaggis, 1984; UK CAB International, 1972; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)WidespreadCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Restricted distributionRutherford, 1914; Kok, 1979; Villiers, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedYesJacobs & Neser, 2005; Nadel et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadEssig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)No information availableOIE, 2009; Lach et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)LocalisedIntroducedYesWhitehead & Prins, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedYesSchedl, 1975b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeBeveridge & Haylor, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedIntroducedYesRyall, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996; Costa et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeRandall & Heemstra, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008; Fowler, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)WidespreadIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAnderson Jr, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedYesMonniot et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)WidespreadIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedWaal & Bills, 2000; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; D'Amato et al., 2007; Schoor DJvan, 1966; Zengeya et al., 2011; Zengeya et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedNewman, 2002; Roche & Bedford-Shaw, 2008; Rowan, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)PresentNativeCraig, 2004; Oschadleus, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentWorld Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)WidespreadNativeHoyo et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiWidespreadIntroducedMacdonald et al., 2003; Jubb, 1977; Skelton, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedWyk, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisWidespreadIntroducedYesArcidiacono & Geronimo, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, invalid recordNativeKorniushin, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesSwart et al., 1976; Schwartz & Capatos, 1990; Joubert, 1993; Du Toit & Brink, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedYesHenry & Davis, 1983; Calvo-Ugarteburu & Allanson, 1998; MacDonald et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesReise et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)LocalisedIntroducedHerbert & Kilburn, 2004; Melvill & Ponsonby, 1898
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAardt & Kock, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeAppleton, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedYesGrant & Cherry, 1985; ISSG, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedBarker, 1999; Herbert, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedBerthold, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Sanderson & Sirgel, 2002; Dürr, 1946; Joubert & Walters, 1951; McQuaid et al., 1979; Quick, 1952; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides arachidis (groundnut testa nematode)PresentLesufi et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)WidespreadWager, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBraasch et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus africanus (peanut pod nematode)PresentWendt et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001; De Waele et al., 1989; Venter et al., 1992b
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionLamprecht et al., 1987; Marais, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKleynhans, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Van den Berg & Heyns, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; Coetzee, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentWyk, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionFourie et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentNativeWhitehead, 1968; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, unreliable recordFourie et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentKleynhans, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentVan, 1956; Kleynhans, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; Van der Linde 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadLoubser, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Van der Linde 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentWillers, 1997b; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadSiddiqi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionJones & Milne, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadHeyns, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Restricted distributionHeyns & Coomans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentOrffer, 1977; Heyns, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedYesBoomker et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesBegin & Scheibling, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)LocalisedNativeSchelpe & Anthony, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedGermishuizen & Meyer, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)WidespreadIntroducedYesTwyman & Ashton, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeDyer et al., 1963; Hill, 1998; Johns, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; SIBIS, 2015; Roux, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedMacdonald et al., 2003; Henderson, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeBromilow, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadCilliers, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Clerck et al., 2005; Iyer et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Stegenga et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativeFlora Zambesiaca, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNativeCarr, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003; Dennill & Donnelly, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)WidespreadIntroducedYesGeldenhuys , 1986; Cronk & Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeYesHolm & et al. , 1979; PIER, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson & Anderson, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Grabandt, 1985; Invasive Species South Africa, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedYesSANBI, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson , 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Restricted distributionNativeVisser, 1978; Parker & Riches, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedOyen, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesJooste, 1965; Bromilow, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedYesMacdonald et al., 2003; Henderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Foxcroft et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)Reported present or known to be presentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1977; PROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedWells et al., 1986; CJB, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)Present only in captivity/cultivationUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Presentdu Preez, 1996b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2002; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedYesNel et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHenderson & Anderson, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedJarosík et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; Weeds of Australia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedGermishuizen & Meyer, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesRossa & Tueffers, 1998; Foxcroft et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2003; Conservatoire Jardin botaniques and SANBI, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)WidespreadNativeKleinjan & Edwards, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)WidespreadYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedContu, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentFenner, 1980; Forsyth & Brown, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedStruwig & Siebert, 2013; Whitehouse, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedParker-Allie et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedCooper & Moerkerk, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedRussell et al., 1987; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock , 1944; Gibbs & Russel et al. , 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Arnold & de Wet , 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock , 1944; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Arnold & de Wet , 1993; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1944; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren, 1977; Tselev, 1984; Arnold & de Wet, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedAluka African Plants, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)WidespreadIntroducedYesWells et al., 1986; Henderson, 2001; ILDIS, 2002; Cronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; Foxcroft et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)WidespreadIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedRussell et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadWells et al., 1986; Meyer & van Wyk, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b; Zachariades & Goodall, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentNativeScott, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedGlen, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedMoore, 1975; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedYesZimmermann, 1991; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesRobinson, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentIntroducedYesReichard et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla)WidespreadIntroducedYesNovoa et al., 2015; Henderson & Zimmermann, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear)WidespreadIntroducedYesInvasive Species South Africa, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)WidespreadNativeYesRaimondo et al., 2009; SANBI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadIntroducedYesInvasive Species South Africa, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedGibbs-Russel et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPOSA, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001; AGIS, 2007; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionNativeHilliard, 1977; Arnold & de Wet, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeCooke , 1998; World Agroforestry Centre, 2005; Meyer et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)Restricted distributionWells et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)Absent, unreliable recordGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; van Oudtshoorn, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Restricted distributionYesClayton & Renvoize, 1982; EPPO, 2014; Launert & Pope, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2003; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisWidespreadNativeChippindall, 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadIntroducedYesAdamson & Salter, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentNativeGoldblatt & Manning, 2000; Germishuizen & Meyer, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesJones, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedSpicer & Catling, 1988; Invasive Species South Africa, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Restricted distributionNativeYesSmith, 1966; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)WidespreadNativeBoechat & Longhi-Wagner, 2001; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedCJBG SAMBI, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSANBI, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedYesGeldenhuys et al., 1986; Henderson, 2001; Rejmanek & Richardson, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroducedYesBrown & Gubb, 1986; Henderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentWells & Stirton, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedRussell et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)WidespreadToit & Court-de-Billot, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)PresentIntroducedAdamson & Salter, 1950
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson , 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea drupacea (sweet hakea)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesShaughnessy, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea gibbosa (rock hakea)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesShaughnessy, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)WidespreadIntroducedYesHenderson & Anderson, 1966; Shaughnessy, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001; Lesley Henderson, Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas database leader, personal communication, 201
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft & Richardson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedAGIS, 2007; Henderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)WidespreadIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; PIER, 2000; ISSG, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)Presentde Villiers, 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMadeira et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)LocalisedIntroducedYesInvasive Species South Africa, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedBrundu & Camarda, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Kirschner, 2002; Weimarck, 1946
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedToelken, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentNativeISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesErasmus et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentGibbs-Russel et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentYesRandall, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentSANBI, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Restricted distributionYesHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDawson, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedYesCsurhes & Edwards, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)LocalisedIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Cairns et al., 1979; Lawton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn)Restricted distributionNativeArnold & de Wet, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedRussell et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2007; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)WidespreadIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Henderson , 2001; Nyoka , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedCJB, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSANBI, 2012; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), 2012; Lyn Fish, personal communication
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedYesWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea collina (Cape tulip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea miniata (two-leaf Cape-tulip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)WidespreadJacot-Guillarmod, 1977; Mitchell et al., 1993; Cook, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)WidespreadIntroduced; Cook, 1990; Henderson & Cilliers, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedFoxcroft et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWells & de Beer, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedShaw, 1947
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeRussell et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; ISSG, 2013; Steenkamp et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMoran & Annecke, 1979; Moran & Zimmermann, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentIntroducedBioNET-EAFRINET, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Restricted distributionIntroducedZimmermann & Moran, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)WidespreadIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al., 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2003; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedYesPalgrave, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesNavie et al., 1996; Maheshwari, 1966; Picman & Towers, 1982; McConnachie et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeLansdown et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesInvasive Species South Africa, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedYesCoates & Coates, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroducedHenderson, 2001; Nyoka, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; Richardson et al., 1994; Pryor, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)WidespreadIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentYesEPPO, 2007; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008; Haysom & Murphy, 2003; Henderson, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedGlen, 1998; Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentGlen, 1998; Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; Roux, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedYesRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; CJB, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeRogers & Breen, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesPoynton, 1990; Zimmermann, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesPasiecznik et al., 2001; Zimmermann & Pasiecznik, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesPoynton, 1990; Zimmermann, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSANBI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2005; Baijnath et al., 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentMielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013; Hansen, 1975; Staner, 1938
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson , 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionNativeSouth African Sugar Association, 1980; Bromilow, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedFrancis, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedLalla & Cheek, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)WidespreadIntroducedYesBromilow, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedFrenot et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedSANBI (South African National Biodiversity Institute), 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson , 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001; Linden et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHenderson, 2007; AGIS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)WidespreadNativeHilliard, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedHarper & Wood, 1957; Holm et al., 1979; Holm, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)WidespreadNativeHilliard, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)WidespreadIntroducedYesHoffmann & Moran, 1991a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Boyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014; Wasserman et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWelman, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesJaeger & Hepper, 1986; Henderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesNel et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedYesWelman, 2003; Kandari et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2007; Grieson, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Grabandt, 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)WidespreadNativeOudtshoorn F van, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedFoxcroft et al., 2008; CJB, 2016; Herman, 1990; Moldenke, 1980; Verdcourt, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)WidespreadParker & Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedYesSABONET, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesAnon., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedThomas, 1986; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadIntroducedYesHenderson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesGermishuizen & Meyer, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedObbermeyer & Faden, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedYesFoxcroft et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHenderson & Anderson, 1966; Grabandt, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionWells et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeConservatoire & South, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; Henderson, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedJSTOR, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeAfrica Plants Database, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)LocalisedIntroducedPhillips, 1917; GBIF, 2015; Transvaal Department of Agriculture, 1905
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedPOSA, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeFrahm, 1985a; O'Shea, 1999; Streimann, 2002; Zanten, 1971
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedMcCauley et al., 2008
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Durrant et al., 2007
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentAllwright et al., 1994; Stannard et al., 1998
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentJooste et al., 2016; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996; Dahal et al., 2000a
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Presentvon Wechmar, 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1998
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1918OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadHuguenot et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al., 2013; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1955OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentEngelbrecht & Kasdorf, 1985; Engelbrecht & Kasdorf, 1987; Goszczynski & Jooste, 2003a
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionIntroduceddu Toit et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentKnox et al., 1987; Wechmar et al., 1992; Salm & Rey, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)WidespreadFuller, 1901; CABI & EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2015; Carmichael et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, unreliable recordPietersen, 1985; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1904OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentDomola et al., 2008
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentRännäli et al., 2009
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessPresentOIE, 2012; Mellor & Boorman, 1995
African swine feverPresentOIE, 2012
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentHansen et al., 2003; OIE, 2009; Human et al., 2011
anaplasmosisPresentPotgieter, 1979; Barry & Niekerk, 1990; Dreyer et al., 1998; OIE, 2012
anthraxPresentOIE, 2012; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2012; Swayne & Suarez, 2000; Pfitzer et al., 2000; Landman & Schrier, 2004; ProMED-mail, 2004
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentAllwright et al., 1994; Stannard et al., 1998
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Purnell et al., 1989; Dreyer et al., 1998
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009; Nevill et al., 1992; OIE, 1999
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedYesBoomker et al., 1980
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentAU-IBAR, 2011
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Last reported 2010OIE, 2012; Ribeiro et al., 1990
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE, 2009; Jansen, 1980
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentHuchzermeyer, 1997; Verwoerd, 2000
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesBaker et al., 1968; Wardhana et al., 2012b; Hall et al., 2014
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadNativeWeldon et al., 2004
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2012
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al., 2013; Swanepoel et al., 1983
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourinePresentOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsRestricted distributionOIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterPresentOIE, 2009; Cowdry, 1925b; Neitz, 1968
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2012
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno, 1999
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004; McVeigh, 2004
leishmaniosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE, 2012; Huston, 1945; Diesel, 1949
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentMetzler, 1991; Barnard, 1990; Mettam & Snotsiekte, 1923; Plowright, 1965; Barnard & van, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2012
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentOldewage & As , 1987
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE
Pasteurella multocida infectionsWidespreadBastianello & Jonker, 1981
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Durrant et al., 2007
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverLast reported 2009OIE, 2012
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2012; Bishop, 1992
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverPresentAU-IBAR, 2011
rinderpestLast reported 1904OIE, 2012
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationPresentNativeSpiewok et al., 2007; OIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria parva infectionsPresentMbizeni et al., 2013
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Williams et al., 1994
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2012
tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2012
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Buys et al., 1989a; Buys et al., 1989b; Maharaj et al., 1994
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009; Lach et al., 2002
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Pépin et al., 1998
West Nile feverLast reported 2010OIE, 2012; Hayes, 1989
whirling diseaseAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedWyk, 1968
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested22500F 21100Im21000F 23000F 22000F
ApplesProduction Quantity781124724232817698770741708089
ApplesYield347166Fc343238Fc389380Fc335105Fc321859Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested6300F 6000F 5000F 6100F 5500F
ApricotsProduction Quantity5742144346465946122255391
ApricotsYield91144.4Fc73910Fc93188Fc100364Fc100711Fc
AsparagusProduction Quantity484544622801648
AvocadosArea Harvested16346Im15000F 14500F 16000F 13000F
AvocadosProduction Quantity7523783204767268353465203
AvocadosYield46027.8Fc55469.3Fc52914.5Fc52208.8Fc50156.2Fc
BananasArea Harvested6952Im7950F 7500F 7950F 7000F
BananasProduction Quantity387352393271370805393141345749
BananasYield557181Fc494681Fc494407Fc494517Fc493927Fc
BarleyArea Harvested8015082670747606824573360
BarleyProduction Quantity312000194000216000192000222500
BarleySeed5610.5Fc5610.5Fc430046006000
BarleyYield38927Fc23466.8Fc28892.5Fc28133.9Fc30329.9Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested4190044100438004380050725
Beans, dryProduction Quantity4198052255670305897539545
Beans, drySeed50806320811071406040
Beans, dryYield10019.1Fc11849.2Fc15303.7Fc13464.6Fc7795.96Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested3785Im3900Im4000F 3494Im3300F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity2348523889261412348121359
Beans, greenYield62047.6Fc61253.8Fc65352.5Fc67203.8Fc64724.2Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested142Im139Im140F 120F 110F
Berries NesProduction Quantity850F 858851730648
Berries NesYield59859.2Fc61726.6Fc60785.7Fc60833.3Fc58909.1Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested550F 530Im490Im562Im505Im
BuckwheatProduction Quantity235F 230Im214Im226Im197Im
BuckwheatSeed35.75Fc35.75Fc34.45Fc31.85Fc36.53Fc
BuckwheatYield4272.73Fc4339.62Fc4367.35Fc4021.35Fc3900.99Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested2116Im2340Im2400F 2700F 2550F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity150851150845136016152865143698
Cabbages and other brassicasYield712906Fc644637Fc566733Fc566167Fc563522Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested5800F 5200Im5300F 6100F 5300F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity161143144088148052170500148299
Carrots and turnipsYield277833Fc277092Fc279343Fc279508Fc279809Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested8000F 7800Im9531Im9135Im8641Im
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity5677Im6222Im5598Im5998Im6038Im
Castor oil seedSeed120Fc120Fc117Fc142.97Fc137.03Fc
Castor oil seedYield7096.25Fc7976.92Fc5873.47Fc6565.96Fc6987.62Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested916Im950F 1550F 1050F 980F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity1605115811270631800316636
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield175229Fc166432Fc174600Fc171457Fc169755Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3210410A 3548000A 3303390A 3776490A 3404280A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity12917700A 14698300A 14575700A 15337400A 9505850A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed80402.6A 79062.6A 76464.6A 86659.4A 94192.5A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield40237Fc41427.1Fc44123.6Fc40612.8Fc27923.3Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested35000F 34400Im32048Im36729Im33000F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity17900F 17800Im27325Im21853Im22000F
Cereals, nesYield5114.29Fc5174.42Fc8526.27Fc5949.79Fc6666.67Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3210410A 3548000A 3303390A 3776490A 3404280A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity12918600A 14699300A 14576700A 15338400A 9506950A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed80402.6A 79062.6A 76464.6A 86659.4A 94192.5A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield40239.6Fc41429.8Fc44126.5Fc40615.4Fc27926.5Fc
CherriesArea Harvested168Im165F 220F 175F 130F
CherriesProduction Quantity282290466272206
CherriesYield16785.7Fc17575.8Fc21181.8Fc15542.9Fc15846.2Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested5000F 4500F 4100F 4100F 4100F
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity28300237001313315000F 16000F
Chicory rootsYield56600Fc52666.7Fc32031.7Fc36585.4Fc39024.4Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested8000F 7600Im10000F 10000F 10000F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity15000F 14400Im11000F 11000F 11000F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield18750Fc18947.4Fc11000Fc11000Fc11000Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity850F 840Im737Im761Im700Im
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested267Im262Im264Im330Im329Im
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity10637Im10104Im10378Im11481Im11139Im
Citrus fruit, nesYield398390Fc385649Fc393106Fc347909Fc338571Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested75272A 69690A 69703A 71453A 68696A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2331100A 2124900A 2135790A 2243940A 2139780A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield309690Fc304908Fc306413Fc314044Fc311485Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested2604700A 2988780A 2659840A 3027290A 2771200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity10911000A 13266400A 12615800A 13205400A 7598650A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed41026.3A 39686.3A 40109.4A 44823.7A 45488.6A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield41889.8Fc44387.5Fc47430.8Fc43621.1Fc27420.1Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1800086829077982011173
CottonseedProduction Quantity2827312684138561615017854
CottonseedSeed102.22Fc102.22Fc119.62Fc136.28Fc184.42Fc
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested10869Im10240Im8342Im8141Im9428Im
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity4600F 4500Im5747Im5045Im3701Im
Cow peas, drySeed293.46Fc293.46Fc276.48Fc225.23Fc219.81Fc
Cow peas, dryYield4232.22Fc4394.53Fc6889.24Fc6197.03Fc3925.54Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1500F 1400Im1300F 1250F 1150F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity2435721504197992037116920
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield162380Fc153600Fc152300Fc162968Fc147130Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested2840Im2850F 2625Im2800F 2600F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity2423Im2103Im1792Im2016Im1752Im
Fibre Crops NesYield8531.69Fc7378.95Fc6826.67Fc7200Fc6738.46Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested11051A 11931A 13428A 15121A 16700A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity22628A 12699A 12500A 13406A 14519A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield20476Fc10643.7Fc9308.91Fc8865.82Fc8694.01Fc
FigsArea Harvested658Im646Im650F 900F 650F
FigsProduction Quantity18171797190228491946
FigsYield27614Fc27817.3Fc29261.5Fc31655.6Fc29938.5Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested293725A 278303A 282899A 301148A 286603A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5751310A 5465510A 5611980A 6321490A 6022570A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield195806Fc196387Fc198374Fc209913Fc210136Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested5918Im5811Im5847Im5633Im5608Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity61000F 60400Im60180Im63293Im61407Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield103075Fc103941Fc102925Fc112361Fc109499Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested14000F 12100Im12000F 11000F 13000F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity415679343055406628340927388657
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield296914Fc283517Fc338857Fc309934Fc298967Fc
GrapesArea Harvested115000F 110000F 115000F 120000F 115000F
GrapesProduction Quantity13060401261310134762018652801812410
GrapesYield113569Fc114665Fc117184Fc155440Fc157601Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested5515057450545505420040770
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity6425088000995008880058000
Groundnuts, with shellSeed22002000230034003500
Groundnuts, with shellYield11650Fc15317.7Fc18240.2Fc16383.8Fc14226.2Fc
HopsArea Harvested374Im414Im421Im410F 410F
HopsProduction Quantity439Im368F 346Im370F 360F
HopsYield11738Fc8888.89Fc8218.53Fc9024.39Fc8780.49Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested1100A 1100A 1415A 1100A 1100A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity858A 745A 635A 716A 622A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield7800Fc6772.73Fc4487.63Fc6509.09Fc5654.55Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity659Im668Im611Im598Im550F
Lemons and limesArea Harvested13500F 10277Im11000F 12000F 10267Im
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity260002215985204317229934194694
Lemons and limesYield192594Fc210163Fc185743Fc191612Fc189631Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested2162Im2438Im2500F 2900F 2500F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity3597838983386134324137151
Lettuce and chicoryYield166411Fc159897Fc154452Fc149107Fc148604Fc
LupinsArea Harvested11300F 11400Im11276Im12089Im14000
LupinsProduction Quantity16000F 16100Im20654Im18131Im13300
LupinsSeed259.9Fc259.9Fc262.2Fc259.35Fc278.05Fc
LupinsYield14159.3Fc14122.8Fc18316.8Fc14997.9Fc9500Fc
MaizeArea Harvested23723002742000242750027990002551800
MaizeProduction Quantity103600001281500012050000127000007125000
MaizeSeed29076F 29076301563355633776
MaizeYield43670.7Fc46736Fc49639.6Fc45373.3Fc27921.5Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested39500F 39100Im34651Im33305Im32319Im
Maize, greenProduction Quantity403000F 402100Im351595Im363088Im334199Im
Maize, greenYield102025Fc102839Fc101467Fc109019Fc103406Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested5038Im4000F 3500F 6500F 6900F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity5231865186488617838882885
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield103847Fc162965Fc139603Fc120597Fc120123Fc
MilletArea Harvested14000F 14100Im13143Im15062Im13533Im
MilletProduction Quantity7000F 6900Im6796Im6317Im7851Im
MilletSeed280Fc280Fc282Fc262.86Fc301.24Fc
MilletYield5000Fc4893.62Fc5170.81Fc4194Fc5801.37Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity1256812217117441135110320
Nuts, nesArea Harvested4200F 4200F 4200F 4200F 4200F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity15486Im13000F 15994Im15985Im14500F
Nuts, nesYield36871.4Fc30952.4Fc38080.9Fc38059.5Fc34523.8Fc
OatsArea Harvested30000F 24703Im23000F 17000F 26500F
OatsProduction Quantity5700034000370002700042000
OatsSeed45004000470055004300
OatsYield19000Fc13763.5Fc16087Fc15882.4Fc15849.1Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1170470A 813101A 976927A 833457A 590422A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1047250A 747109A 860938A 699565A 362980A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed17905.7A 17829.7A 13317.1A 11414.6A 9206.19A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield8947.29Fc9188.39Fc8812.71Fc8393.53Fc6147.81Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1178470A 820901A 986458A 842592A 599063A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity532833A 351530A 474800A 454849A 200066A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed5976.3A 5916.3A 4406.21A 4402.81A 4116.41A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4521.4Fc4282.25Fc4813.18Fc5398.22Fc3339.65Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested6000F 5700Im6953Im6336Im6102Im
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity13400F 12700Im12902Im10807Im9991Im
Oilseeds, NesSeed72Fc72Fc68.4Fc83.44Fc76.03Fc
Oilseeds, NesYield22333.3Fc22280.7Fc18556Fc17056.5Fc16373.3Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested26000F 23300Im20500F 22000F 19000F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity588118518284461548496425432901
Onions, dryYield226199Fc222439Fc225145Fc225648Fc227843Fc
OrangesArea Harvested42000F 41645Im41000F 43000F 40000F
OrangesProduction Quantity14961601414590136947015224501410290
OrangesYield356229Fc339678Fc334017Fc354058Fc352573Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested1100F 1100F 1415Im1100F 1100F
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity858Im745Im635Im716Im622Im
Other BastfibresYield7800Fc6772.73Fc4487.63Fc6509.09Fc5654.55Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested1800F 1853Im1900F 2370Im2300F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity1840823688199152343924664
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield102267Fc127836Fc104816Fc98898.7Fc107235Fc
PapayasArea Harvested1536Im1508Im1300F 1600F 1500F
PapayasProduction Quantity1302312076141391566715447
PapayasYield84785.2Fc80079.6Fc108762Fc97918.8Fc102980Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested9675Im9500F 10000F 11400F 10600F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity155635164231159444182784170005
Peaches and nectarinesYield160863Fc172875Fc159444Fc160337Fc160382Fc
PearsArea Harvested12690Im12200F 11500F 11552Im11500F
PearsProduction Quantity350527368495340088345087345737
PearsYield276223Fc302045Fc295729Fc298725Fc300641Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested900F 910Im905Im731Im847Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity850F 800Im1056Im927Im680Im
Peas, drySeed108Fc108Fc109.2Fc108.6Fc87.72Fc
Peas, dryYield9444.44Fc8791.21Fc11668.5Fc12681.3Fc8028.34Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested5000F 5400Im5500F 3000Im4500F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity829811900169781554314070
Peas, greenYield16596Fc22037Fc30869.1Fc51810Fc31266.7Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested8000F 7200F 9600F 11500F 12400F
PineapplesProduction Quantity10863694287122993144791160088
PineapplesYield135795Fc130954Fc128118Fc125905Fc129103Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested6922Im6797Im6839Im6500F 5500F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity6353861019615636264552798
Plums and sloesYield91791.4Fc89773.4Fc90017.6Fc96376.9Fc95996.4Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested64000F 62200Im55000F 60000F 58000F
PotatoesProduction Quantity21954002090210186658020400001972390
PotatoesSeed76800Fc76800Fc74640Fc66000Fc72000Fc
PotatoesYield343031Fc336047Fc339378Fc340000Fc340067Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested64969A 66650A 64323A 64761A 75000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity63430A 73655A 94487A 83078A 57226A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed5741.36A 6981.36A 8757.88A 7733.18A 6625.58A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9763.12Fc11051Fc14689.5Fc12828.4Fc7630.13Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested12052Im12083Im10492Im11000F 12000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity17785217199815833516611081200
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield147571Fc142347Fc150910Fc151009Fc67666.7Fc
QuincesArea Harvested51Im50F 50F 35F 29Im
QuincesProduction Quantity181208235174145
QuincesYield35490.2Fc41600Fc47000Fc49714.3Fc50000Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested4351034820350603400033200
RapeseedProduction Quantity5880036900403503080038150
RapeseedYield13514.1Fc10597.4Fc11508.8Fc9058.82Fc11491Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested1012Im1123Im1046Im1199Im1077Im
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity2527Im2876Im2850Im3000P 3300F
Rice, paddySeed70.84Fc70.84Fc78.61Fc73.22Fc83.93Fc
Rice, paddyYield24970.4Fc25610Fc27246.7Fc25020.8Fc30640.7Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested82000A 81500A 76000A 75314A 73500A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2251180A 2155990A 1929600A 2092500A 2022990A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed76800A 76800A 74640A 66000A 72000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield274534Fc264539Fc253895Fc277836Fc275236Fc
RyeArea Harvested3500F 3700Im3399Im3896Im3500F
RyeProduction Quantity1900F 2000Im2000* 3000P 3100F
RyeSeed140Fc140Fc148Fc135.96Fc155.84Fc
RyeYield5428.57Fc5405.41Fc5884.08Fc7700.21Fc8857.14Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested511159816814922111000
Seed cottonProduction Quantity4634920795227162647629270
Seed cottonYield90684.8Fc34768.4Fc33337.3Fc28712.7Fc26609.1Fc
SisalArea Harvested2000F 2000F 2574Im2000F 2000F
SisalProduction Quantity1347Im1169Im996Im854Im972Im
SisalYield6735Fc5845Fc3869.46Fc4270Fc4860Fc
SorghumArea Harvested6920086675855008680069000
SorghumProduction Quantity155000196500276500255000176000
SorghumSeed1384Fc544489737919
SorghumYield22398.8Fc22670.9Fc32339.2Fc29377.9Fc25507.3Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested418000311450237750165400183000
SoybeansProduction Quantity710000566000516000282000205000
SoybeansSeed18810Fc18810Fc14015.3Fc10698.8Fc7443Fc
SoybeansYield16985.7Fc18173.1Fc21703.5Fc17049.6Fc11202.2Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested557Im547Im550F 730F 480F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity52315397602169544639
StrawberriesYield93913.8Fc98665.4Fc109473Fc95260.3Fc96645.8Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested272000267000F 311000F 320000F 323000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity1680000016015600186551001925540019724000
Sugar caneYield617647Fc599835Fc599842Fc601731Fc610650Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested642700397700635800564300316350
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity860000490000801000872000300000
Sunflower seedSeed4498.9Fc4498.9Fc270033003950.1Fc
Sunflower seedYield13381Fc12320.8Fc12598.3Fc15452.8Fc9483.17Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested18000F 19300Im21000F 15314Im15500F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity5577565780630225249650598
Sweet potatoesYield30986.1Fc34082.9Fc30010.5Fc34279.7Fc32643.9Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested5505Im5406Im5439Im5123Im5100F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity148619Im141169Im145000P 139145Im135000F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield269971Fc261134Fc266593Fc271608Fc264706Fc
TeaArea Harvested1100F 1000F 1500F 2112Im2000F
TeaProduction Quantity17951647174332904200F
TeaYield16318.2Fc16470Fc11620Fc15577.7Fc21000Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested54003950356233635000F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity15000123009565904113000F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield27777.8Fc31139.2Fc26852.9Fc26883.7Fc26000Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested7298Im7508Im7700F 7800F 7100F
TomatoesProduction Quantity507261554108533165540470491220
TomatoesYield695069Fc738023Fc692422Fc692910Fc691859Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested4200A 4200A 4200A 4200A 4200A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity15486A 13000A 15994A 15985A 14500A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield36871.4Fc30952.4Fc38080.9Fc38059.5Fc34523.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested34000F 33500Im25465Im24476Im23751Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity400000F 389100Im340253Im351375Im323418Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield117647Fc116149Fc133616Fc143559Fc136170Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested149429A 147972A 128108A 125145A 121514A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2607360A 2619790A 2363350A 2453980A 2162630A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield174488Fc177046Fc184481Fc196091Fc177974Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested149429A 147972A 128108A 125145A 121514A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2607360A 2619790A 2363350A 2453980A 2162630A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield174488Fc177046Fc184481Fc196091Fc177974Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested7500F 9000F 4850F 3700F 4764Im
WatermelonsProduction Quantity77993139223721665555564679
WatermelonsYield103991Fc154692Fc148796Fc150149Fc135766Fc
WheatArea Harvested604700558100642500748000632000
WheatProduction Quantity20050001430000195800021300001905000
WheatSeed39305.5Fc39305.5Fc36276.5Fc41762.5Fc48620Fc
WheatYield33156.9Fc25622.7Fc30474.7Fc28475.9Fc30142.4Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested206332132625985Im25768Im26990Im
ApplesProduction Quantity639763680426765359701663591432
ApplesYield310068Fc319059Fc294539Fc272300Fc219130Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested7000F 45337000F 5987Im6271Im
ApricotsProduction Quantity8363943688969685000656672
ApricotsYield119484Fc96377.7Fc138526Fc83524.3Fc90371.6Fc
AsparagusProduction Quantity4061657232223953161
AvocadosArea Harvested12500F 14000F 12750* 13000* 12950*
AvocadosProduction Quantity61442105931568697722466523
AvocadosYield49153.6Fc75665Fc44603.1Fc59403.1Fc51369.1Fc
BananasArea Harvested6900F 69628000F 9000F 11000F
BananasProduction Quantity343689351612279767352025392492
BananasYield498100Fc505045Fc349709Fc391139Fc356811Fc
BarleyArea Harvested8978090000832008422072000
BarleyProduction Quantity236000225000185000240000180000
BarleySeed5135.2Fc6284.6Fc6300Fc5824Fc5895.4Fc
BarleyYield26286.5Fc25000Fc22235.6Fc28496.8Fc25000Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested5488049300562005101044900
Beans, dryProduction Quantity6725069820800006834562307
Beans, drySeed5072.5Fc5488Fc4930Fc5620Fc7000
Beans, dryYield12254Fc14162.3Fc14234.9Fc13398.4Fc13876.8Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested3200F 37004800F 5421Im5600F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity2853533777353904448537477
Beans, greenYield89171.9Fc91289.2Fc73729.2Fc82060.5Fc66923.2Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested101Im102Im101Im100F 80F
Berries NesProduction Quantity570551631540412
Berries NesYield56435.6Fc54019.6Fc62475.3Fc54000Fc51500Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested444Im638Im644Im694Im701Im
BuckwheatProduction Quantity196Im294Im249Im245Im270Im
BuckwheatSeed32.83Fc28.86Fc41.47Fc41.86Fc45.11Fc
BuckwheatYield4414.41Fc4608.15Fc3866.46Fc3530.26Fc3851.64Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested2500F 2719288828562936
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity141525155270173222171396177943
Cabbages and other brassicasYield566100Fc571056Fc599799Fc600126Fc606073Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested4600F 4515F 4753Im4356Im4500F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity127486127062132754124180111747
Carrots and turnipsYield277143Fc281422Fc279306Fc285078Fc248327Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested8932Im9169Im8937Im8513Im8358Im
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity5511Im5380Im5606Im4911Im7092Im
Castor oil seedSeed129.62Fc133.98Fc137.54Fc134.06Fc127.7Fc
Castor oil seedYield6169.95Fc5867.6Fc6272.8Fc5768.82Fc8485.28Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested850F 10741100F 1500Im1150Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity1450019340190311809819292
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield170588Fc180074Fc173009Fc120653Fc167757Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2989330A 4277870A 4321200A 4657400A 4706190A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity9442740A 14177600A 12023500A 11815300A 13043700A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed100364A 131472A 134947A 136962A 131023A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield31588.1Fc33141.7Fc27824.4Fc25368.9Fc27716.1Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested20265Im29117Im29412Im31700Im32000F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity14478Im21738Im18435Im18116Im20000F
Cereals, nesYield7144.34Fc7465.74Fc6267.85Fc5714.83Fc6250Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2989330A 4277870A 4321200A 4657400A 4706190A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9443600A 14178900A 12024600A 11816400A 13044700A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed100364A 131472A 134947A 136962A 131023A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield31591Fc33144.7Fc27826.9Fc25371.2Fc27718.2Fc
CherriesArea Harvested80F 156360F 250F 260F
CherriesProduction Quantity126234538930957
CherriesYield15750Fc15000Fc14944.4Fc37200Fc36807.7Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested4100F 4100F 4100F 4100F 4100F
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity15444Im14626Im16726Im1600016268Im
Chicory rootsYield37668.3Fc35673.2Fc40795.1Fc39024.4Fc39678.1Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested12948Im12477Im10033Im9861Im9673Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity12820Im11808Im11586Im11057Im10031Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield9901.14Fc9463.81Fc11547.9Fc11212.9Fc10370.1Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity649Im750600F 500F 382Im
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested419Im423Im420Im416Im436Im
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity10894Im10616Im10655Im10884Im10096Im
Citrus fruit, nesYield260000Fc250969Fc253690Fc261635Fc231560Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested67055A 68263A 69800A 75675A 80762A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2110420A 1941450A 1852410A 2062520A 1903270A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield314730Fc284407Fc265388Fc272550Fc235664Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested2223390A 3471510A 3489830A 3907920A 3763700A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity7336040A 12270000A 10334300A 10266400A 10604000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed59208.7A 81680.4A 82526.4A 82916.2A 82299.7A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield32994.9Fc35345Fc29612.7Fc26270.6Fc28174.3Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1448316500F 280211634818166
CottonseedProduction Quantity2393636338461972508728819
CottonseedSeed220Fc362Fc440Fc714.38Fc1700
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested10325Im9235Im9220Im8901Im8142Im
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity5719Im5878Im5880Im5080Im5190Im
Cow peas, drySeed254.56Fc278.78Fc249.35Fc248.94Fc240.33Fc
Cow peas, dryYield5538.98Fc6364.92Fc6377.44Fc5707.22Fc6374.36Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1100F 12001385Im1400Im1253Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity1528216762158491516015176
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield138927Fc139683Fc114433Fc108286Fc121117Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested2600F 2600F 2600F 2600F 2600F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity2266Im2654Im2476Im2349Im2550Im
Fibre Crops NesYield8715.38Fc10207.7Fc9523.08Fc9034.62Fc9807.69Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested23800A 27700A 41357A 28767A 44658A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity18813A 21396A 32636A 21031A 23181A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7904.62Fc7724.19Fc7891.29Fc7310.81Fc5190.78Fc
FigsArea Harvested600F 700757Im751Im787Im
FigsProduction Quantity15251790180018371809
FigsYield25416.7Fc25571.4Fc23778.1Fc24460.7Fc22986Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested281943A 285212A 293251A 299819A 323042A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5868890A 5719010A 5740120A 5863430A 5444040A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield208159Fc200518Fc195741Fc195565Fc168524Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested5735Im5796Im5750F 6000F 6009Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity60056Im58522Im58738Im60000F 60709Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield104718Fc100970Fc102153Fc100000Fc101030Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested13500F 12500F 10000F 11000F 10000F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity415212362981300060323346286495
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield307564Fc290385Fc300060Fc293951Fc286495Fc
GrapesArea Harvested112717112589111599110200116709
GrapesProduction Quantity17573601682810176192016635301521700
GrapesYield155909Fc149465Fc157880Fc150956Fc130384Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested4855040000715004985094160
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity740006400011500066934133730
Groundnuts, with shellSeed2650.05Fc3155.75Fc2600Fc4647.5Fc3240.25Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield15242Fc16000Fc16083.9Fc13427.1Fc14202.4Fc
HopsArea Harvested415Im400380F 360Im331Im
HopsProduction Quantity350F 335320F 306Im311Im
HopsYield8433.73Fc8375Fc8421.05Fc8500Fc9395.77Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested1100A 1100A 1038A 1247A 1170A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity804A 942A 879A 834A 905A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield7309.09Fc8563.64Fc8468.21Fc6688.05Fc7735.04Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity650F 650F 500F
Lemons and limesArea Harvested10500F 9220Im9147Im9070Im9500F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity216957184290230083205655190118
Lemons and limesYield206626Fc199881Fc251539Fc226742Fc200124Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested2200F 21943184Im2374Im2403Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity3297533063326503191332587
Lettuce and chicoryYield149886Fc150697Fc102544Fc134427Fc135610Fc
LupinsArea Harvested160001410071001010011000
LupinsProduction Quantity14400141003950404011700
LupinsSeed322Fc368Fc324.3Fc163.3Fc232.3Fc
LupinsYield9000Fc10000Fc5563.38Fc4000Fc10636.4Fc
MaizeArea Harvested20324503223000320411036509003533460
MaizeProduction Quantity6935060117159009710070970500010076000
MaizeSeed50000F 72000F 72000F 72000F 72000F
MaizeYield34121.7Fc36350.9Fc30305Fc26582.5Fc28516Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested32500F 36168Im36557Im33500F 33477Im
Maize, greenProduction Quantity310000F 318966Im320000F 322000F 296000
Maize, greenYield95384.6Fc88190.1Fc87534.5Fc96119.4Fc88418.9Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested7916Im80007500F 6000F 7000F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity953281085971007978183386101
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield120424Fc135746Fc134396Fc136388Fc123001Fc
MilletArea Harvested11898Im17095Im17268Im18611Im18787Im
MilletProduction Quantity7804Im11717Im9937Im9765Im10780Im
MilletSeed270.66Fc237.96Fc341.9Fc345.36Fc372.22Fc
MilletYield6559.09Fc6854.05Fc5754.57Fc5246.9Fc5738.01Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity84778385841586107021
Nuts, nesArea Harvested4142Im4000F 3600F 3591Im3514Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity14000F 14500F 13000F 11399Im12000F
Nuts, nesYield33800.1Fc36250Fc36111.1Fc31743.3Fc34149.1Fc
OatsArea Harvested28000F 22962Im23195Im25000F 30000F
OatsProduction Quantity4350034000370003300058217
OatsSeed2250Fc2250Fc2025Fc2025Fc2025Fc
OatsYield15535.7Fc14807.1Fc15951.7Fc13200Fc19405.7Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested820177A 719638A 824996A 831599A 967508A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity647556A 581875A 570892A 496617A 726440A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed8709.59A 11551.6A 8111.86A 8734.73A 7715.02A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield7895.32Fc8085.66Fc6919.94Fc5971.83Fc7508.36Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested829109A 728807A 833933A 840112A 975866A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity334609A 350126A 364610A 348559A 502269A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed3294.25A 4393.4A 3467.39A 4207.47A 3877.66A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4035.76Fc4804.09Fc4372.17Fc4148.96Fc5146.91Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested8477Im7438Im8527Im8595Im10000F
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity9948Im9712Im10120Im8865Im12800F
Oilseeds, NesSeed73.22Fc101.72Fc89.26Fc102.32Fc103.14Fc
Oilseeds, NesYield11735.3Fc13057.3Fc11868.2Fc10314.1Fc12800Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested18000F 1608819015Im17425Im18000F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity403191387270403202360387344053
Onions, dryYield223995Fc240720Fc212044Fc206822Fc191141Fc
OrangesArea Harvested3763641000F 45000F 50000F 55391Im
OrangesProduction Quantity13344101246450119791014104601306780
OrangesYield354557Fc304012Fc266202Fc282092Fc235919Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested1100F 1100F 1038Im1247Im1170Im
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity804Im942Im879Im834Im905Im
Other BastfibresYield7309.09Fc8563.64Fc8468.21Fc6688.05Fc7735.04Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2200F 23712000F 2716Im2430Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity21979233292292029000F 28509
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield99904.6Fc98393.1Fc114600Fc106775Fc117321Fc
PapayasArea Harvested1385Im14001800F 1500F 1900F
PapayasProduction Quantity1429715274142231264815449
PapayasYield103227Fc109100Fc79016.7Fc84320Fc81310.5Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested103581085311000F 15000F 20902Im
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity166955172631183652249290189647
Peaches and nectarinesYield161185Fc159063Fc166956Fc166193Fc90731.5Fc
PearsArea Harvested115481213012074Im11973Im12541Im
PearsProduction Quantity324023316142328538325274337329
PearsYield280588Fc260628Fc272104Fc271673Fc268981Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested928Im830Im829Im800F 452Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity1050F 1275Im103210331000
Peas, drySeed101.64Fc111.36Fc99.6Fc99.48Fc96Fc
Peas, dryYield11314.7Fc15361.5Fc12448.7Fc12912.5Fc22123.9Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested4600F 46253699Im3739Im3345Im
Peas, greenProduction Quantity151881525514139920716581
Peas, greenYield33017.4Fc32983.8Fc38223.8Fc24624.2Fc49569.5Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested12864Im13000130001300013000
PineapplesProduction Quantity166335180618164434160820176490
PineapplesYield129303Fc138937Fc126488Fc123708Fc135762Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested40714867F 5295Im5251Im5500F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity3895653608675405833638728
Plums and sloesYield95691.5Fc110146Fc127554Fc111095Fc70414.6Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested56000F 53000520005000048000
PotatoesProduction Quantity18628601767730179962014960001647000
PotatoesSeed69600Fc67200Fc63600Fc62400Fc60000Fc
PotatoesYield332654Fc333534Fc346081Fc299200Fc343125Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested82133A 73465A 73349A 70811A 64494A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity88419A 91073A 90862A 78498A 80197A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed5750.7A 6246.14A 5603.25A 6131.72A 7568.63A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield10765.3Fc12396.8Fc12387.6Fc11085.6Fc12434.8Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested10000F 1894023863Im24120Im21580Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity78293253907256014357055294000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield78293Fc134059Fc107285Fc148033Fc136237Fc
QuincesArea Harvested30F 35F 30F 30F 31Im
QuincesProduction Quantity122137133151212
QuincesYield40666.7Fc39142.9Fc44333.3Fc50333.3Fc68387.1Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested32000402004425044000* 33000*
RapeseedProduction Quantity36500442003200041000* 38000*
RapeseedYield11406.3Fc10995Fc7231.64Fc9318.18Fc11515.2Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested947Im1361Im1375Im1482Im1496Im
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity2557Im3839Im3256Im3200F 3000P
Rice, paddySeed75.39Fc66.29Fc95.27Fc96.25Fc103.74Fc
Rice, paddyYield27001.1Fc28207.2Fc23680Fc21592.4Fc20053.5Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested71000A 69130A 68000A 64500A 63000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1909850A 1822070A 1854420A 1546130A 1699380A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed69600A 67200A 63600A 62400A 60000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield268994Fc263572Fc272708Fc239710Fc269742Fc
RyeArea Harvested34002200200013001500
RyeProduction Quantity30001400620230700
RyeSeed140Fc136Fc88Fc80Fc52Fc
RyeYield8823.53Fc6363.64Fc3100Fc1769.23Fc4666.67Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested1810022000357192257438688
Seed cottonProduction Quantity3923954110757324419147944
Seed cottonYield21679Fc24595.5Fc21202.2Fc19576.1Fc12392.5Fc
SisalArea Harvested2000F 2000F 2000F 2346Im2200F
SisalProduction Quantity1260F 1300P 12601500F 1560
SisalYield6300Fc6500Fc6300Fc6393.86Fc7090.91Fc
SorghumArea Harvested37150865001300009549775250
SorghumProduction Quantity96000260000373000260000258000
SorghumSeed1380Fc743Fc1730Fc2600Fc1909.94Fc
SorghumYield25841.2Fc30057.8Fc28692.3Fc27226Fc34285.7Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested240570150000135000100130124150
SoybeansProduction Quantity424000272500220000136520223000
SoybeansSeed8235Fc10825.7Fc6750Fc6075Fc4505.85Fc
SoybeansYield17624.8Fc18166.7Fc16296.3Fc13634.3Fc17962.1Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested450F 500450F 334Im350F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity42784988580747944102
StrawberriesYield95066.7Fc99760Fc129044Fc143533Fc117200Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested320000F 328000F 325000F 327000F 330000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity2027540021265000190948002041890023012600
Sugar caneYield633606Fc648323Fc587532Fc624431Fc697352Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested472480460000530000606450667510
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity520000620000648000682165966543
Sunflower seedSeed2214.45Fc3307.36Fc3220Fc3710Fc4245.15Fc
Sunflower seedYield11005.8Fc13478.3Fc12226.4Fc11248.5Fc14479.8Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested15000F 1613016000F 14500F 15000F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity4699454342547975012952377
Sweet potatoesYield31329.3Fc33690Fc34248.1Fc34571.7Fc34918Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested5000F 51205233Im5189Im5435Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity132950137113113702112179109782
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield265900Fc267799Fc217279Fc216186Fc201991Fc
TeaArea Harvested1900F 58002200F 5300F 6200F
TeaProduction Quantity33282178042791214312500F
TeaYield17515.8Fc37551.7Fc19450Fc22911.3Fc20161.3Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested60009000190001360014700
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity1750020000222003740033000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield29166.7Fc22222.2Fc11684.2Fc27500Fc22449Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested6400F 6475640556605861
TomatoesProduction Quantity441770462219436528413636450396
TomatoesYield690266Fc713852Fc681543Fc730806Fc768463Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested4142A 4000A 3600A 3591A 3514A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity14000A 14500A 13000A 11399A 12000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield33800.1Fc36250Fc36111.1Fc31743.3Fc34149.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested23884Im25759Im23884Im24141Im21599Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity300000F 304540Im305528Im310000F 270000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield125607Fc118227Fc127922Fc128412Fc125006Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested116334A 130140A 138444A 133708A 129386A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2006180A 2236980A 2243930A 2279220A 2156650A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield172450Fc171890Fc162082Fc170462Fc166683Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested116334A 130140A 138444A 133708A 129386A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2006180A 2236980A 2243930A 2279220A 2156650A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield172450Fc171890Fc162082Fc170462Fc166683Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested4300F 43124911Im4500F 5252Im
WatermelonsProduction Quantity6527474778648666119552323
WatermelonsYield151800Fc173418Fc132083Fc135989Fc99624.9Fc
WheatArea Harvested765000805000830000748000941000
WheatProduction Quantity21050001905000168700015468402437750
WheatSeed41080Fc49725Fc52325Fc53950Fc48620Fc
WheatYield27516.3Fc23664.6Fc20325.3Fc20679.7Fc25906Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea96374Fm96891Fm96988Fm97108Fm96890Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea36.6I 45.3I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea7.2I 4.7I
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1601Q 1538Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea55.6I 59.6I 43.8I 50I
Arable landArea12033Q 12533Q 12660Fm12800Fm12600Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea12446Q 12963Q 13060Fm13180Fm12962Fm
Country areaArea121909Q 121909Q 121909W 121909W 121909W
Fallow landArea25Fm150Fm
Forest areaArea9241Fm9241Q 9241Fm9241Fm9241Fm
Inland waterArea600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm
Land areaArea121309Q 121309Q 121309Q 121309Q 121309Q
Other landArea15694Fm15177Fm15080Fm14960Fm15178Fm
Permanent cropsArea413Q 430Q 400Fm380Fm362Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea83928Fm83928Fm83928Fm83928Fm83928Fm
Temporary cropsArea11988Q 12363Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea20Fm20Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1601Q 1538Q 1534Fm1530Fm1526Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea96888Fm97483Fm97608Fm97928Fm98028Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea50I 50I
Arable landArea12600Fm13175Fm13300Fm13600Fm13700Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea12960Fm13555Fm13680Fm14000Fm14100Fm
Country areaArea121909W 121909W 121909W 121909Q 121909Q
Fallow landArea
Forest areaArea9241Fm9241Q 9241Fm9241Fm9241Fm
Inland waterArea600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm
Land areaArea121309Q 121309Q 121309Q 121309Q 121309Q
Other landArea15180Fm14585Fm14460Fm14140Fm14040Fm
Permanent cropsArea360Fm380Fm380Fm400Fm400Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea83928Fm83928Fm83928Fm83928Q 83928F
Temporary cropsArea
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1522Fm1518Fm1514Fm1510Fm1506Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data