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Datasheet

Vietnam

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Vietnam
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Area (km2): 332,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Hanoi
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 85,154,900
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$770
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$65,413,435,392
  • GDP: US$68,642,844,672
  • Agriculture, value added: US$13,931,674,624
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distributionBové et al., 1996
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)WidespreadBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentLebot et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesJones & Mourichon, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentBugnicourt, 1952; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadCMI, 1980; Parmasto, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentTryakhov et al., 1989; Ono et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentMagarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentNativeMartel et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentCIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1969; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedYesZevina et al., 1992; Zvyagintsev, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; Lingafelter & Hoebeke, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1983; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; UK CAB International, 1968; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeYesStáry & Zeleny, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentIntroducedLavens & Sorgeloos, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesDrew, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadYesWaterhouse, 1993a; Drew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Drew Romig, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentDrew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentMahmood, 1999; Hardy, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentNativeHardy, 1973; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentRethinam & Singh, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeYesWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesJames, 1947
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentLõm-Binh-Loi & Durand, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite)PresentNativeRao, 1974; Duong et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadReuben et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004; Hoang et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNHM, 1923
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Ben-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)PresentNativeEvans, 1941; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin, 2001; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentNativeSchedl, 1934; Schedl, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeSchedl, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams, 2004; Ben-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Ich & Tru, 1990; FAO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedRosenberry , 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; NHM, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentNativeNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentCAB European, 1998; Gressitt et al., 1970; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1979; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Absent, unreliable recordWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadHANSON, 1963; Waterhouse, 1993; NHM, 1918; NHM, 1927
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesParsa et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)LocalisedYesNguyen & Huynh, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; Le Pelley, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967; Trinh, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentDuong-Nguyen Hai et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentDanzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Williams, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentStusak et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentLe et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeBlackman & Eastop, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003; NHM, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentStusak et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Restricted distributionUK CAB International, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentYesWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1993; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Ministry of Agriculture and rural Development (MARD), Vietnam, 2009, personal communication; Vietnam Directorate of Rural Affairs, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentLe et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; Essig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentLe-Minh-Hoang & Pham-Khac-Hieu, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)No information availableOIE, 2009; Stephen, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentNativeNguyen & Carpenter, 2002; EPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973; Wood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeLe, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentNativeBrowne, 1968; Wood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentNativeVidthayanon & Kottelat, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentNativeKuronuma, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCsavas, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentCockrill, 1977; Peenen et al., 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentNativeIUCN, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)PresentNativeCorbet & Hill, 1992; Thorington et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)EradicatedMcCullough, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)Absent, invalid recordIntroducedNorthern Snakehead Working Group, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeKottelat , 1998; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedYesFAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedIntroducedYesRyall, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadNativeAlikhuni, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresentNativeRobson, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)Present, few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International, 2015; Avibase, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015; Listing Proposal, 1999; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemibarbus maculatus (spotted steed)LocalisedKottelat, 2001a; Phu et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)PresentNative
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedBartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedNativeeBird, 2015; Collar et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentNativeJiang et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeKottelat, 2001b
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Absent, unreliable record
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentNativeKottelat, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentNativeWard & Wurster-Hill, 1990; Vo Hung et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; FAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedClements et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python)WidespreadNativeCampden-Main, 1970; Groombridge & Luxmoore, 1991; Ziegler, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)WidespreadVan Peenan et al. 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig & Weick, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentOliveira et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMead, 1979; Mead, 1961; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeJickeli, 1874
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesCuong, 2006; Halwart & Bartley, 2006; Hayes et al., 2008; Huynh, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadIntroducedHayes et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentSudakova et al., 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Restricted distributionCuc & Kinh, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentKhuong, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadShepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Fam Tkhan' Bin', 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; Fam Thkan Bin, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadRyss & Fam-Tkhan-Bin, 1989; Chau et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadKhuong, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeNang & Dinh, 1998; Abbott et al., 2002; Hong et al., 2007; Hong et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeWaterhouse, 1993; Thuoc et al., 1978; Croft, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Holttum, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeKato, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Thin, 1997; List of Flora of Cat Tien National Park, 2015; Garrison Hanks, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeTsutsui et al., 2005; Abbott et al., 2002; Pham-Hoàng, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentOhno et al., 1996; Nang et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeAbbott et al., 2002; Nguyen, 1992; Ohno et al., 1999; Tseng & Xia, 1999; Tsutsui et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusLocalisedIntroducedOhno et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentIntroducedNguyen & Le, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; ILDIS, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; IRRI, 1989; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedJohnson, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeKrisnawati et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012; Koo et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresenteFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008; Trinh Thuong Mai, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedJansen et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBurke & DiTommaso, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentSamson, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedAguilar, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts & Tulig, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativePIER, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentILDIS, 2014; Toruan-Purba, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativeChu & Kha, 1996; Phi, 1996; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; WCMC, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentNativeStefanov & Naidenova, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentNativePIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentValkenburg & Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Wearn & Mabberley, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativePIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle, 2007; Smithsonian, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedSherff, 1932
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentNham, & Thoi, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeMinh-Si, 1969; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeKoo et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentMinh, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentYesWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHo-Minh, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IRRI, 1989; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentNativeRojo et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentQuattrocchi, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentNativeRojo et al., 1999; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeNational Museum of Natural History Paris, 2014; Schilling, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentWu & Raven, 2000; Govaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionPieterse, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNobel, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; Garrity et al., 1996; McDonald & Chandler, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)WidespreadGilliland et al., 1971; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedPadua et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)PresentJeanplong, 1973; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedSampet et al., 1995; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentMoody, 1989; Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)Present; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedLim, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedIUCN, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Restricted distributionIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentVan & Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedYesKoo et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; Moody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKassulke et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Scholz, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeLock & Heald, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGalinato et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Lecomte, 1912; Thin, 1997; VPDC, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentRandall, 2012; Govaerts, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)WidespreadNativePuff, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedLock & Heald, 1994; PIER, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesNavie et al., 1996; Maheshwari & Pandey, 1973; Aneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadNativeYesJeanplong, 1973; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedDieters et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1979; PIER, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentJeanplong, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativevan der Maesen, 1985; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Minh-Si, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, unreliable recordMoldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedKe, 1973; GBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua & Edmonds, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionMinh-Si, 1969; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentNativePIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012; Koo et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMO, 2016; HN, 2016; LE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeRao & Bhat, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentGovaerts, 2013; Wiart, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedYoshida et al., 2000
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentYesVakili, 1969; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusWidespreadVui et al., 2015
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1977OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentHa et al., 2008
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseasePresentKondo et al., 2015
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentHa^dot & Nguyên, 1996; Ha et al., 1997; Nguyen et al., 1999; Pham et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009; Koh-Yeo et al., 1996; OIE, 2004b; OIE, 2005b
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009; Ha et al., 1997; Ha et al., 1996; Nguyen et al., 1999
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentNativeMartel et al., 2014
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesJames, 1947
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Laak, 1992; Lefèvre, 1991
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisPresentOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties1999
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentCrumlish et al., 2002
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009; Roberts et al., 1994
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentSheppard & Dungan, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Ketel, 1971
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
Pasteurella multocida infectionsWidespreadTownsend et al., 2000; Gunawardana et al., 2000
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaWidespreadVui et al., 2015
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraPresentOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentNeveu-Lemaire, 1912a; Neveu-Lemaire, 1912b; Kawazu et al., 1999
theileriosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentLe-Minh-Hoang & Pham-Khac-Hieu, 2002; OIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2009
tuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009; Stephen, 1968
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested6484Im6369Im6355Im6096Im5909Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity4049Im3901Im3997Im4729Im4296Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield6244.6Fc6124.98Fc6289.54Fc7757.55Fc7270.27Fc
BananasArea Harvested99489Im99627Im100224Im95000F 95000F
BananasProduction Quantity1523430Im1489740Im1428080Im1400000F 1355000F
BananasYield153125Fc149532Fc142489Fc147368Fc142632Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested248690Im216573Im225000F 220000F 220000F
Beans, dryProduction Quantity216797Im185000F 173000F 170000F 170000F
Beans, drySeed17408.3Fc17408.3Fc15160.1Fc15750Fc15400Fc
Beans, dryYield8717.56Fc8542.15Fc7688.89Fc7727.27Fc7727.27Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested14095Im14115Im14200F 14000F 14000F
Berries NesProduction Quantity147213Im143958Im138000F 137000F 135000F
Berries NesYield104443Fc101989Fc97183.1Fc97857.1Fc96428.6Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested43591Im47151Im45329Im42612Im42435Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity774868Im805288Im744694Im744333Im723059Im
Cabbages and other brassicasYield177759Fc170789Fc164286Fc174677Fc170392Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested331300339400340500321100302800
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity12720001242000116560012340001249600
Cashew nuts, with shellYield38394.2Fc36594Fc34232Fc38430.4Fc41268.2Fc
CassavaArea Harvested560100498000507800554000495500
CassavaProduction Quantity98755008595600853050093099008192800
CassavaYield176317Fc172602Fc167989Fc168049Fc165344Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested7000* 8000* 7000* 7000* 7000*
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity6000* 6000* 6000* 6000* 5000*
Castor oil seedSeed105Fc105Fc120Fc105Fc105Fc
Castor oil seedYield8571.43Fc7500Fc8571.43Fc8571.43Fc7142.86Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested2163Im2000Im1937Im1842Im1821Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity32479Im29164Im28535Im28339Im33080Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield150157Fc145820Fc147315Fc153849Fc181658Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested8734570A 8617430A 8528030A 8842030A 8305090A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity32921400A 31292300A 30353200A 30407600A 28278600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1297450A 1227200A 1196670A 1189120A 1114290A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield37690.9Fc36312.8Fc35592.3Fc34389.9Fc34049.8Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8734570A 8617430A 8528030A 8842030A 8305090A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity47017800A 44614200A 43323600A 43304600A 40247500A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1297450A 1227200A 1196670A 1189120A 1114290A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield53829.6Fc51772Fc50801.5Fc48975.9Fc48461.3Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested63538Im62411Im62270Im59734Im57903Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity90001Im86710Im88855Im105130Im95505Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield14164.9Fc13893.4Fc14269.3Fc17599.7Fc16494Fc
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested54079Im53120Im53000F 48000F 48000F
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity20258Im19517Im20000F 18000F 18000F
Cinnamon (canella)Yield3746Fc3674.13Fc3773.58Fc3750Fc3750Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested63636A 63724A 66737A 66100A 67300A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity772009A 754938A 717981A 702600A 677900A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield121316Fc118470Fc107584Fc106293Fc100728Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1082670A 1128030A 1090830A 1441830A 1097690A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity4686200A 4608600A 4373450A 4574850A 4304830A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed27500A 27025A 28159.8A 27230A 36005A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield43283.9Fc40855.2Fc40093Fc31729.5Fc39217.3Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested144000140300121500121100119300
CoconutsProduction Quantity11888001162200112850010951001034900
CoconutsYield82555.6Fc82836.8Fc92880.7Fc90429.4Fc86747.7Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested533800511900507200500200488900
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity11679001105700105754010558101251000*
Coffee, greenYield21879Fc21599.9Fc20850.5Fc21107.8Fc25588Fc
CoirProduction Quantity282000F 282000F 282000* 274000* 259000*
Cotton lintProduction Quantity4229.1Fc4162.5Fc4029.3Fc2664Fc5361.3Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity8458.2Fc8325Fc8058.6Fc5328Fc10722.6Fc
CottonseedSeed364Fc364Fc364Fc320Fc232Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested10817Im10419Im103001170013800
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity85417Im82326Im757008480098800
Fibre Crops NesYield78965.5Fc79015.3Fc73495.1Fc72478.6Fc71594.2Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested24317A 23308.9A 22192A 20900A 37600A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity103646A 98936.4A 85797.4A 95264A 129861A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield42622.9Fc42445.8Fc38661.4Fc45580.9Fc34537.6Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested525135A 525865A 529016A 516800A 506400A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6573490A 6428130A 6162060A 6053500A 5857200A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield125177Fc122239Fc116482Fc117134Fc115664Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested237161Im237491Im238914Im235000F 230000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity2986950Im2920900Im2800000F 2750000F 2700000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield125946Fc122990Fc117197Fc117021Fc117391Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested2221Im2224Im2237Im2200F 2100F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity26115Im25538Im24481Im24000F 23200F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield117582Fc114829Fc109437Fc109091Fc110476Fc
GrapesArea Harvested700800100012001300
GrapesProduction Quantity1470016700240002630028200
GrapesYield210000Fc208750Fc240000Fc219167Fc216923Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested223700231400245000255300254500
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity465900487200510900530200510000
Groundnuts, with shellSeed13422Fc13422Fc13884Fc14700Fc15318Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield20827Fc21054.5Fc20853.1Fc20767.7Fc20039.3Fc
JuteArea Harvested4000F 3768.32292340011700
JuteProduction Quantity14000F 12447.96068.05780025700
JuteYield35000Fc33033.2Fc26474.9Fc22941.2Fc21965.8Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested4000A 3768.3A 2292A 3400A 11700A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity14000A 12447.9A 6068.05A 7800A 25700A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield35000Fc33033.2Fc26474.9Fc22941.2Fc21965.8Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1081000* 1126390108920014402001096100
MaizeProduction Quantity4684300* 4606800437170045731004303200
MaizeSeed27500Fc27025Fc28159.8Fc27230Fc36005Fc
MaizeYield43333Fc40898.8Fc40136.8Fc31753.2Fc39259.2Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested7120071200688006700060800
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity595800580300554000541600471100
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield83679.8Fc81502.8Fc80523.3Fc80835.8Fc77483.6Fc
MilletArea Harvested1666Im1644Im1627Im1630Im1585Im
MilletProduction Quantity1898Im1801Im1749Im1747Im1625Im
MilletYield11392.6Fc10955Fc10749.9Fc10717.8Fc10252.4Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity21957Im21213Im20808Im19514Im18818Im
Natural rubberArea Harvested471900438563418973399100377800
Natural rubberProduction Quantity811600751700711300660000605800
Natural rubberYield17198.6Fc17140.1Fc16977.2Fc16537.2Fc16034.9Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested3124Im3200F 3287Im3100F 3000F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity5326Im5200F 4730Im5000F 4800F
Nuts, nesYield17048.7Fc16250Fc14390Fc16129Fc16000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested605700A 625622A 568100A 619300A 617300A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity498567A 529472A 469250A 514935A 510926A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed10544.2A 10544.2A 11170.4A 10043.3A 11480.2A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield8231.25Fc8463.13Fc8259.99Fc8314.8Fc8276.78Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested612700A 633622A 575100A 626300A 624300A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity355891A 364186A 351430A 362733A 350303A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed5472.39A 5472.39A 5719.68A 5622.8A 6078.25A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5808.57Fc5747.69Fc6110.77Fc5791.69Fc5611.13Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested88598Im96661Im91692Im86815Im86234Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity318108Im338908Im315262Im294927Im275932Im
Onions, dryYield35904.7Fc35061.5Fc34382.7Fc33971.9Fc31998Fc
OrangesArea Harvested61415Im61500645006390065200
OrangesProduction Quantity745894Im729400693500678600654700
OrangesYield121451Fc118602Fc107519Fc106197Fc100414Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested4510044300442004240041100
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity10940010540010800798326116090*
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield24257.2Fc23792.3Fc24436Fc23190.1Fc28245.7Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested38854Im38908Im39141Im38500F 38000F
PineapplesProduction Quantity533384Im521589Im500000F 496000F 490000F
PineapplesYield137279Fc134057Fc127743Fc128831Fc128947Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested40064Im36683Im37000F 36000F 36000F
PotatoesProduction Quantity448710Im394862Im388000F 380000F 372000F
PotatoesSeed40064Fc40064Fc36683Fc37000Fc36000Fc
PotatoesYield111998Fc107642Fc104865Fc105556Fc103333Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested156522Im149743Im148000F 145000F 142000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity128445Im118439Im115000F 112000F 110000F
Pulses, nesSeed7826.1Fc7826.1Fc7487.15Fc7400Fc7250Fc
Pulses, nesYield8206.19Fc7909.48Fc7770.27Fc7724.14Fc7746.48Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested405212A 366316A 373000A 365000A 362000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity345242A 303439A 288000A 282000A 280000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed25234.4A 25234.4A 22647.3A 23150A 22650A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield8520.03Fc8283.53Fc7721.18Fc7726.03Fc7734.81Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested76519007489400743720074002007207400
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity4233160040005600389502003872980035942700
Rice, paddySeed1269950Fc1200170Fc1168510Fc1161890Fc1078280Fc
Rice, paddyYield55321.7Fc53416.3Fc52372.1Fc52336.2Fc49869.2Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested748664A 685483A 691400A 752600A 707000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity11714800A 10309000A 10129800A 11015500A 10002400A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed40064A 40064A 36683A 37000A 36000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield156476Fc150390Fc146511Fc146366Fc141477Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested95009121.599600580012100
Seed cottonProduction Quantity127001250012100800016100
Seed cottonYield13368.4Fc13703.8Fc12604.2Fc13793.1Fc13305.8Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested47000* 47000* 45000* 45000* 44000*
Sesame seedProduction Quantity23000* 22000* 21000* 23000* 22000*
Sesame seedSeed470Fc470Fc470Fc450Fc450Fc
Sesame seedYield4893.62Fc4680.85Fc4666.67Fc5111.11Fc5000Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested181500197800147000192100187400
SoybeansProduction Quantity266300298600215200267600275500
SoybeansSeed6352.5Fc6352.5Fc6923Fc5145Fc6723.5Fc
SoybeansYield14672.2Fc15096.1Fc14639.5Fc13930.2Fc14701.2Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested281300269100265600270700293400
Sugar caneProduction Quantity1746520016161700156083001614550017396700
Sugar caneSeed192117Fc177779Fc171691Fc177601Fc191364Fc
Sugar caneYield620875Fc600583Fc587662Fc596435Fc592935Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested148500150800146600162600175500
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity13906001318500121130013256001437600
Sweet potatoesYield93643.1Fc87433.7Fc82626.2Fc81525.2Fc81914.5Fc
TeaArea Harvested114800113200111400108800107400
TeaProduction Quantity206600198466185700173500164000
TeaYield17996.5Fc17532.3Fc16669.7Fc15946.7Fc15270Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested32744Im31483.620728.81640019200
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity58298Im56530.240062.12880031900
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield17804.2Fc17955.4Fc19326.8Fc17561Fc16614.6Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested334424A 342600A 343787A 324200A 305800A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1277330A 1247200A 1170330A 1239000A 1254400A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield38194.8Fc36404Fc34042.3Fc38217.2Fc41020.3Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested671279Im644949Im618932Im529851Im531257Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity8705940Im7392490Im7514790Im6202390Im6559530Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield129692Fc114621Fc121415Fc117059Fc123472Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested835918A 818008A 787890A 690620A 690747A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity10320900A 8975530A 9064090A 7724500A 8040420A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield123468Fc109724Fc115043Fc111849Fc116402Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested835918A 818008A 787890A 690620A 690747A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity10320900A 8975530A 9064090A 7724500A 8040420A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield123468Fc109724Fc115043Fc111849Fc116402Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested30287Im27247Im30000F 29500F 29000F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity467576Im388467Im440000F 435000F 430000F
WatermelonsYield154382Fc142572Fc146667Fc147458Fc148276Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested5823Im5665Im5205Im4400F 5518Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity3796Im3863Im3531Im3300F 3779Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield6518.98Fc6819.06Fc6783.86Fc7500Fc6848.5Fc
BananasArea Harvested94000F 93900925008890095900
BananasProduction Quantity1350000F 1344200132940012818001097000
BananasYield143617Fc143152Fc143719Fc144184Fc114390Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested210000F 205000F 203100206900201900
Beans, dryProduction Quantity162000Im158000F 156800158100144100
Beans, drySeed15400Fc14700Fc14350Fc14217Fc14483Fc
Beans, dryYield7714.29Fc7707.32Fc7720.33Fc7641.37Fc7137.2Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested13500F 13500F 13000F 13200F 13213Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity132000F 130638Im123000F 120000F 125609Im
Berries NesYield97777.8Fc96768.9Fc94615.4Fc90909.1Fc95064.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested39920Im40000F 36000F 3480427068
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity687325Im700000F 650000F 606226499185
Cabbages and other brassicasYield172176Fc175000Fc180556Fc174183Fc184419Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested276800223700204300184200173200
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity1092400960800818800657600515200*
Cashew nuts, with shellYield39465.3Fc42950.4Fc40078.3Fc35700.3Fc29746Fc
CassavaArea Harvested475200425500388600371900337000
CassavaProduction Quantity77825006716200582070053089004438000
CassavaYield163773Fc157843Fc149786Fc142751Fc131691Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested7000* 7945Im7539Im7000F 6500F
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity5000* 5802Im5489Im5000F 5300F
Castor oil seedSeed105Fc105Fc119.18Fc113.09Fc105Fc
Castor oil seedYield7142.86Fc7302.71Fc7280.81Fc7142.86Fc8153.85Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested2145Im1962Im1600F 2148Im1789Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity35937Im34467Im28000F 27857Im26995Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield167538Fc175673Fc175000Fc129688Fc150894Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested8359500A 8383400A 8437800A 8366800A 8322590A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity27767700A 27689200A 27543400A 26195500A 25489500A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1102890A 1100820A 1110790A 1061840A 1056240A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield33217Fc33028.7Fc32642.9Fc31308.8Fc30626.9Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8359500A 8383400A 8437800A 8366800A 8322590A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity39705600A 39621600A 39581000A 37706900A 36960400A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1102890A 1100820A 1110790A 1061840A 1056240A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield47497.6Fc47262Fc46909.2Fc45067.3Fc44409.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested57058Im55508Im51000F 68125Im63136Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity84382Im85879Im78500F 90492Im81137Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield14788.8Fc15471.5Fc15392.2Fc13283.2Fc12851.2Fc
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested40000F 30475Im28000F 17000F 16000F
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity15000F 9500F 10000F 6000F 5500F
Cinnamon (canella)Yield3750Fc3117.31Fc3571.43Fc3529.41Fc3437.5Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested64000A 61040A 57400A 52297A 74800A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity646000A 623800A 562700A 518300A 456800A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield100938Fc102195Fc98031.4Fc99107Fc61069.5Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1034700A 1054200A 992500A 914600A 818294A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3856100A 3788700A 3432100A 3138100A 2513210A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed27402.5A 25827.5A 26315A 24777.5A 22817.5A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield37268Fc35939.1Fc34580.3Fc34311.2Fc30712.8Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested119700119300120700120300126000
CoconutsProduction Quantity1000700977200960100893300915200
CoconutsYield83600.7Fc81911.1Fc79544.3Fc74256Fc72634.9Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested483200483600479100480500492500
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity985300831000* 913800* 793700699500
Coffee, greenYield20391.1Fc17183.6Fc19073.3Fc16518.2Fc14203Fc
CoirProduction Quantity250000* 235000* 232650* 230000* 228800*
Cotton lintProduction Quantity9523.8Fc11155.5Fc8591.4Fc11688.3Fc13320Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity19047.6Fc22311Fc17182.8Fc23376.6Fc26640Fc
CottonseedSeed484Fc836Fc1032Fc1120Fc1112Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested1230012500127001400012300
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity9000080500898009580088100
Fibre Crops NesYield73170.7Fc64400Fc70708.7Fc68428.6Fc71626Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested39500A 43900A 45400A 46600A 56200A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity110124A 104256A 112591A 119988A 121820A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield27879.4Fc23748.4Fc24799.9Fc25748.6Fc21676.2Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested492000A 483040A 494053A 451197A 495955A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5803400A 5715040A 5492700A 5208600A 4801440A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield117955Fc118314Fc111176Fc115440Fc96812Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested230000F 225000F 241553Im220000F 210000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity2800000F 2750000F 2700000F 2620000F 2500000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield121739Fc122222Fc111777Fc119091Fc119048Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested2000F 1940Im19001597Im2000F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity23000F 22500F 2220021000F 21500F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield115000Fc115979Fc116842Fc131497Fc107500Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1500F 1800170019002142Im
GrapesProduction Quantity28400F 28600250002130021729Im
GrapesYield189333Fc158889Fc147059Fc112105Fc101443Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested246700269600263700243800246700
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity462500489300469000406200400400
Groundnuts, with shellSeed15270Fc14802Fc16176Fc15822Fc14628Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield18747.5Fc18149.1Fc17785.4Fc16661.2Fc16230.2Fc
JuteArea Harvested63005600470048009800
JuteProduction Quantity1060012600142001250020400
JuteYield16825.4Fc22500Fc30212.8Fc26041.7Fc20816.3Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested6300A 5600A 4700A 4800A 9800A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity10600A 12600A 14200A 12500A 20400A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield16825.4Fc22500Fc30212.8Fc26041.7Fc20816.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested10331001052600991100912700816400
MaizeProduction Quantity38545003787100343090031363002511200
MaizeSeed27402.5Fc25827.5Fc26315Fc24777.5Fc22817.5Fc
MaizeYield37310Fc35978.5Fc34617.1Fc34362.9Fc30759.4Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested52000F 51600535004150058700
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity370000F 367800337700264000226500
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield71153.9Fc71279.1Fc63121.5Fc63614.5Fc38586Fc
MilletArea Harvested1595Im1600140019001894Im
MilletProduction Quantity1603Im1600120018002007Im
MilletYield10050.2Fc10000Fc8571.43Fc9473.68Fc10596.6Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity18646Im18229Im18000F 16819Im16299Im
Natural rubberArea Harvested356400334200300800266700243300
Natural rubberProduction Quantity555400481600419000363500298200
Natural rubberYield15583.6Fc14410.5Fc13929.5Fc13629.5Fc12256.5Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested3000F 5475Im5000F 5211Im4900F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity4800F 9505Im8100F 10211Im8000F
Nuts, nesYield16000Fc17360.7Fc16200Fc19595.1Fc16326.5Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested617900A 671600A 637300A 591700A 599200A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity480639A 520696A 468864A 418598A 407957A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed11455.5A 11412.5A 12585.9A 11875.2A 10879A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield7778.59Fc7753.06Fc7357.04Fc7074.5Fc6808.37Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested624900A 679545A 644839A 598700A 605700A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity329807A 344185A 323836A 289424A 288033A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed6070.26A 5979.14A 6578.46A 6305.71A 5798.66A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5277.75Fc5064.93Fc5021.96Fc4834.21Fc4755.38Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested83322Im76054Im77112Im76000F 89431Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity276315Im238599Im244881Im225000F 223000F
Onions, dryYield33162.3Fc31372.3Fc31756.5Fc29605.3Fc24935.4Fc
OrangesArea Harvested62000F 59100555005070072800
OrangesProduction Quantity623000F 601300540500497300435300
OrangesYield100484Fc101743Fc97387.4Fc98086.8Fc59794Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested4050039400362003060025100
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity102570* 104390* 95420* 89180* 80800F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield25325.9Fc26494.9Fc26359.1Fc29143.8Fc32191.2Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested37000F 36200344003340041200
PineapplesProduction Quantity477000F 470000414900383200373800
PineapplesYield128919Fc129834Fc120610Fc114731Fc90728.2Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested35000F 35000F 34000F 3388732102
PotatoesProduction Quantity370000F 370000F 365000F 362371377472
PotatoesSeed36000Fc35000Fc33000F 3200033887Fc
PotatoesYield105714Fc105714Fc107353Fc106935Fc117585Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested140631Im133000F 129576Im132000F 124986Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity108254Im97000F 95211Im96000F 85293Im
Pulses, nesSeed7100Fc7031.55Fc6650Fc6478.8Fc6600Fc
Pulses, nesYield7697.73Fc7293.23Fc7347.89Fc7272.73Fc6824.2Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested350631A 338000A 332676A 338900A 326886A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity270254A 255000A 252011A 254100A 229393A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed22500A 21731.5A 21000A 20695.8A 21083A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield7707.65Fc7544.38Fc7575.27Fc7497.79Fc7017.52Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested73248007329200744530074522007504300
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity3584950035832900361489003456880034447200
Rice, paddySeed1075490Fc1074990Fc1084470Fc1037060Fc1033420Fc
Rice, paddyYield48942.6Fc48890.6Fc48552.6Fc46387.4Fc45903.3Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested691400A 645800A 624400A 625387A 606802A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9613400A 8529300A 7698000A 7247870A 6519170A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed36000A 35000A 33000A 32000A 33887A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield139043Fc132073Fc123286Fc115894Fc107435Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested2090025800280002780034100
Seed cottonProduction Quantity2860033500258003510040000
Seed cottonYield13684.2Fc12984.5Fc9214.29Fc12625.9Fc11730.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested45000* 52800411003420033800
Sesame seedProduction Quantity22000* 27400212001430012900
Sesame seedSeed440Fc450Fc528Fc411Fc342Fc
Sesame seedYield4888.89Fc5189.39Fc5158.15Fc4181.29Fc3816.57Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested185600204100183800165600158600
SoybeansProduction Quantity258100292700245900219700205600
SoybeansSeed6559Fc6496Fc7143.5Fc6433Fc5796Fc
SoybeansYield13906.3Fc14341Fc13378.7Fc13266.9Fc12963.4Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested288100266300286100313200320000
Sugar caneProduction Quantity1671950014948700156493001685470017120000
Sugar caneSeed183915Fc164436Fc172142Fc185402Fc188320Fc
Sugar caneYield580337Fc561348Fc546987Fc538145Fc535000Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested181200185300201800219600237700
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity14609001443100151230015766001703700
Sweet potatoesYield80623.6Fc77879.1Fc74940.5Fc71794.2Fc71674.4Fc
TeaArea Harvested10210097700924008610077200
TeaProduction Quantity15100013252511950010430094200
TeaYield14789.4Fc13564.5Fc12932.9Fc12113.8Fc12202.1Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested2670016800163002300026600
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity4190025900234003180033200
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield15692.9Fc15416.7Fc14355.8Fc13826.1Fc12481.2Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested279800A 229175A 209300A 189411A 178100A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1097200A 970305A 826900A 667811A 523200A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield39213.7Fc42339Fc39507.9Fc35257.2Fc29376.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested536914Im525000F 520000F 510000F 500000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity6380340Im6600000F 6450000F 6326270* 6235320*
Vegetables fresh nesYield118834Fc125714Fc124038Fc124045Fc124706Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested690801A 671016A 661712A 648938A 641856A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity7823560A 8011300A 7800880A 7603350A 7373100A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield113254Fc119391Fc117889Fc117166Fc114872Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested690801A 671016A 661712A 648938A 641856A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity7823560A 8011300A 7800880A 7603350A 7373100A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield113254Fc119391Fc117889Fc117166Fc114872Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested28500F 28000F 27000F 2598623568
WatermelonsProduction Quantity425000F 420000F 410000F 401175372298
WatermelonsYield149123Fc150000Fc151852Fc154381Fc157968Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea10842Fm10768Fm10292Fm10240.8Fm10062.6Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea11.4I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea0.8I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea19.3I 14I 12.6I 12.1I
Arable landArea6500Fm6437W 6300Fm6282.5W 6309.6W
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea10200Fm10126W 9650Fm9598.8W 9420.6Fm
Country areaArea33095.7Fm33095.7W 33105.1W 33105.1W 33121.2Q
Forest areaArea13941Fm13797Q 13653Fm13509Fm13365Fm
Inland waterArea2088.7Fm2088.7Fm2098.1Fm2098.1Fm2114.2Fm
Land areaArea31007Fm31007Fm31007Fm31007Fm31007Fm
Other landArea6224Fm6442Fm7062Fm7257.2Fm7579.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea3700Fm3689W 3350Fm3316.3W 3111W
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea642Fm642Fm642Fm642Fm642Fm
Temporary cropsArea6456Fm6393W 6241Fm6223.7W 6253.5W
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea44Fm44W 59Fm58.8W 56.1W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea4600Fm4600Fm4600Fm4600Fm4600Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea10078Fm10054.1Fm9795.6Fm9537Fm9455F
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea21.9I 6.5I
Arable landArea6348Q 6358Q 6469.5Fm6581W 6600Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea9436Q 9412.1Q 9153.6Fm8895W 8813Q
Country areaArea33121.2Q 33121.2Q 32931.4Q 32931Q 32930Q
Forest areaArea13221Fm13077Q 12806.6Fm12536.2Fm12265.8Fm
Inland waterArea2114.2Fm2114.2Fm1924.4Fm1924Fm1875Fm
Land areaArea31007Fm31007Fm31007Fm31007Q 31055Q
Other landArea7708Fm7875.9Fm8404.8Fm8933.8Fm9334.2Fm
Permanent cropsArea3088Q 3054.1Q 2684.1Fm2314Q 2213Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea642Fm642Fm642Fm642F 642F
Temporary cropsArea5958Q 5978Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea
Total area equipped for irrigationArea4600Fm4585I 4200Fm4000Fm3850Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data