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Datasheet

Venezuela

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Schotman, 1989.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present Davis et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginale Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesFernandez et al., 1975; Malaguti, 1976; UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Schotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic) Present Cedeño et al., 2003.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Widespread Native Pontis, 1951; Malaguti, 1952a; Malaguti, 1952b; Reyes, 1988; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; Cedeño et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Present Native YesCMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesJones and Mourichon, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Chardon and Tora, 1934; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Mohali et al., 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesRodriguez and Nass, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Present CMI, 1989; CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Present YesCapriles, 1978; Phillips-Mora, 2003; Parra et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Chardόn and Toro, 1934; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Mohali and Aime, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut) Present Native NoBarrus and Muller, 1943; Barrus, 1944; IMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Sánchez et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Anon., 1979; Cermeli et al., 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present CIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942a; Caraballo, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly) Localised Native NoStone, 1942b; Boscán et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942; Caraballo de Valdivieso, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942a; Caraballo, 1981; Steck et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Widespread Native NoSchiner, 1868; Stone, 1942; Caraballo, 1981; Steck et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Widespread Introduced Warner, 1966; Diaz, 1978; Toledo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesSanchez et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced Tarpy, undated; Thimann and Manrique, 2002; Cabrera et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Native NoTavares, 2002; Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, GSMFC.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Introduced Hernandez and Bolanos, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Widespread Native Southward, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Widespread Coronado and Kowalski, 2009; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesMartorell, 1939.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Rodríguez Coto et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present Guagliumi, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2011; Germeli et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced YesRosales and Cermeli, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Williams and Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Nakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Solano and Arcaya, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution Spencer, 1973b; Spencer and, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Present CIE, 1964; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced NoRosenberry , 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2000; Cermeli et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatus Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Restricted distribution Doreste, 1981; Agudelo-Silva, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present Introduced YesDavis and Pena, 1990; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Introduced Shrimp News, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread Salinas, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Huner , 2002a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; Williams and Willink, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Introduced YesVásquez et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Absent, unreliable record Introduced Rodríguez, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Simon, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper) Present Native YesQuiros and Cranz, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Introduced Collins et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Vaurie, 1971; Wibmer and O'Brien, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Arnal et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Revetti, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014; Solano et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Gomez-Nunez, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth) Present Torres, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Gonzalez and Viloria, 1991; IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Introduced Cermeli et al., 1993; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread Smith and Cermeli, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Widespread Povolny, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) No information available OIE, 2009; Principal et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis aeneus (bronze anole) Absent, invalid record Donoso-Barros, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis extremus (Barbados anole) Localised Introduced NoPeters and Donoso-Barros, 1970; Rivas et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis trinitatis (St Vincent bush anole) Absent, invalid record Donoso-Barros, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Absent, unreliable record Native NoRobins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present Introduced Long, 2003; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Widespread Native Winemiller, 2001; Kullander and Ferreira, 2006; Willis et al., 2012; Espínola et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana) Localised Introduced YesBarrio-Amorós and Rivas-Fuenmayor, 2008; Flores and Esqueda, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoIUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Pacheco and Herrera, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesRivas et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish) Present Native NoFishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Nava, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Absent, formerly present Introduced Nebot, 1999; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced Schofield, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Localised Introduced Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced YesWikipedia, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Yoo, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesFernandez de, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEualetes tulipa Present Miloslavich and Penchaszadeh, 1992; Miloslavich, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Widespread Native NoCowie and Thiengo, 2003; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014; Pointier, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced YesChrosciechowski, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Present Native NoEscarbassiere and Almeida, 1976; Marelli and Gray, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel) Present Introduced Benson et al., 2001; DFAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present Meredith and Yepez, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Meredith, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced Franco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present Native DAO et al., 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Crozzoli et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Siddiqi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Haddad et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Widespread Fenwick, 1959; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Crozzoli and Funes, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Introduced YesPerez et al., 2007; Barrios et al., 2004; Ardito and Garcia, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-veneris Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoHokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Thomson and Alonso-Amelot, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Ganesan, 1990; Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Introduced Rincones and Rubio, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960; Ganesan, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Present Introduced Rincones and Rubio, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia macracantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia carbonaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Native Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Native Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Morros et al., 1990; Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Morros et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Funk et al., 2007; Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Funk et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Maciel et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native Funk et al., 2007; Quinones and Moreno, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Native Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (gotani bean) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Villarreal et al., 2010; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Widespread Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Native Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Zumbroich, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008; Ruiz-Zapata, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Villarreal et al., 2010; Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Native NoFunk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Govaerts and Barker, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Funk et al., 2007; Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Barroso, 1954; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced Gómez-Laurito, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Häfliger et al., 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge) Present Native NoFunk et al., 2007; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native NoPittier, 1937.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native Wunderlin and Hansen, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Zuloaga and Morrone, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced Cunha and Bryan, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Medrano et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Introduced Peterson et al., 2001; Soreng et al., 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Belcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced Dorr et al., 2000; Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Debrot and Centeno, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Berg et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Native Johnston, 1909.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde) Present, few occurrences Native Burkart, 1949.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced Hoyos, 1985; Smithsonian Institution, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium tenellum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Widespread Native NoLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Grandtner and Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Johnston, 1928; Holm et al., 1977; Pacheco and Pèrez, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Present Native FLAS, 2014; FLAS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present YesClayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Britton and Wilson, 1924; Bisby et al., 1994; Funk et al., 2007; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Introduced López and Ramírez, 2004; Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread NoPittier, 1942; Hickman, 1974; Padua et al., 1999; Heard et al., 2002; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Ocampo and Balick, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced YesHerrera and Nassar, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995; BDG Program, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Morton, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Cardenas and Coulston, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012; Pittier et al., 1945.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Cock, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Anon., 2001a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Scholz, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present only in captivity/cultivation Funk et al., 2007; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present ILDIS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present González et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present only in captivity/cultivation Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Takeoka, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Native NoDale, 1981; Aneja et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass ) Present Native Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Hernandez-Garboza and Ochoa-Corona, 1994; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora maliformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Widespread Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm-Nielsen et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Present Introduced YesMachado and Zuvia, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Funk et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present NoHokche, 2008; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Watson, 1977; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Rincones, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Villarreal et al., 2010; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Native YesBurkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced Vanhellemont, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced NoHoyos, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Almeda, 1990; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensis Widespread Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced Plantas Vasculares, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Native Escalante, 1997; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Grande and Nozawa, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Native Funk et al., 2007; Panama Checklist, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Funk et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Irwin and Turner, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; Funk et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Izaguirre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native GBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Hanelt et al., 2001; Lim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Kuntze, 1891.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Giraldo-Cañas and Peterson, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native Funk et al., 2007; Hokche et al., 2008; Davidse et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo) Present Villarreal et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Funk et al., 2007; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Native NoPelton, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Funk et al., 2007; Hokche et al., 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Funk et al., 2007; Hokche et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Localised Barbera-Sánchez and Gamboa-Maruez, 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoGabaldon and Ulloa, 1980.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996; Garrido et al., 2004; Garrido et al., 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present Bitancourt, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Tovar and Barrientos, 1978; Anzola et al., 1980; Garrido and Trujillo, 1988; Garrido and Trujillo, 1989; Garrido and Trujillo, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004e; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Videla, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Rodríguez et al., 2004.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; Singh, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Present Côté et al., 2008.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Zambrano et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Schroeder et al., 1970; James et al., 1985; Meléndez and Forlano, 1997; Alfaro et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax No information available OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Basalo et al., 1995; Simoes et al., 1995; Melendez et al., 1996; Meléndez and Forlano, 1997; Quijada et al., 1998.
blackleg OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009; Pérez et al., 1995; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Walder et al., 1995.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Obando et al., 2002.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Urdaneta et al., 1998.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Present
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Sánchez et al., 2008.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Widespread Coronado and Kowalski, 2009.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Chacin-Bonilla et al., 1992; Chacin-Bonilla et al., 1993; Chacin-Bonilla et al., 1997; Chacin-Bonilla and Sanchez-Chavez, 2000; Chacin-Bonilla et al., 2001; Chacin-Bonilla, 2002; Diaz et al., 2002; Arenas et al., 2003; Miller et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Clavijo et al., 2002.
encephalomyocarditis Present Lopez et al., 1998.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present García et al., 1987.
European foulbrood Present Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Herbst, 1994.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Present OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumonia Pineda et al., 2003.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Zerpa et al., 2000.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoClavijo et al., 1999; Conroy and Conroy, 1999.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2004e.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009; Ilukevich et al., 1979.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoGabaldon and Ulloa, 1980.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Arriojas et al., 1998.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009; Mattos et al., 1996; Plaza et al., 1997.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Utrera et al., 1984; Ciarlet et al., 1994.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Ferraro et al., 1999.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Present Côté et al., 2008.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2009; Sandoval et al., 1998.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009; Principal et al., 2004.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Present OIE, 2009; Federer et al., 1967.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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