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Datasheet

Uruguay

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Uruguay
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Area (km2): 177,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Montevideo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 3,323,906
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$6,390
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$21,229,848,576
  • GDP: US$23,135,981,568
  • Agriculture, value added: US$2,346,078,208
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentInvernizzi et al., 2011; OIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentBarnes et al., 2003
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Alaniz et al., 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentBettucci et al., 2004
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentIntroducedYesRebuffo, 1990
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentIntroducedHernández, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentPerea & Diaz-de-Ackermann, 1981; CIMMYT, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)WidespreadNativePérez et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; Spegazzini, 1889; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, few occurrencesMazzoni et al., 2003; Borteiro et al., 2009
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)WidespreadIntroducedMonro, 1938a; Brugnoli et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentNunez & Maeso, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969; Zerbino, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin, 1854
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001; NHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedDiniz et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentDolores et al., 2003; Grille et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentGrille et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCrespo & Valverde, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentNativeISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC), 2001; Tavares, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBacchus, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesBurckhardt et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedRossi & Martínez, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)WidespreadBosq, 1943; Kober, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentCastiglioni et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeZimmermann et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesNewell & Barber, 1913; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone, 1993; Ruffinelli & Carbonell, 1954; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2006; Wood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentPanizzi & Slansky, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentGómez & Martínez, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentNativeSarto i Monteys, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedIede et al., 2000; Morelli et al., 2002; Bianchi et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Absent, invalid recordAnon., 1970; Abgrall et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Granara et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentIntroducedYesQuintana, 1961; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadIntroducedRebuffo, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentNativePitts, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)WidespreadNativePitts, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedYesMartínez & Bianchi, 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Stoetzel, 1994a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentDolores et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Sanford et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996; Lever, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadIntroducedBonino et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeGutiérrez & García, 2007; López et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)LocalisedIntroducedYesTeixeira et al., 2001; FAO, 2005; Laufer et al., 2008; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedGrossi et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesItuarte, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedYesTaylor, 1914; P Artacho, Universidad Austral de Chile, pers. comm., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWalne, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesCampos & Calvo, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedYesBrugnoli et al., 2005; Scarabino & Verde, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentSimone, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, few occurrencesNativeHayes et al., 2008; Hayes et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadNativeHayes et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)LocalisedIntroducedGiberto et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)WidespreadMinagawa & Maeso-Tozzi, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRobertson et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentAlvarez, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaLast reported 1932OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Restricted distributionBertelli & de Bertelli, 1944; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008; Zuloaga et al., 2008; Zuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson & Alonso-Amelot, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresent, few occurrencesNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeColl & Oliveira, 1999; Taylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeMartius et al., 1840
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedDommergues et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentHäfliger & Scholz, 1981; Soreng, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadJulien et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedRosengurtt et al., 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)LocalisedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedTropicos, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeWashington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFlora del Conosur, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentIntroducedOrfeo & Bancheva, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedWeeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPlá et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)WidespreadNativeYesReinert et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedCabrera, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1997; Zuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedYesPiggin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)LocalisedIntroducedRosengurtt et al., 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Restricted distributionCabrera &, 1963; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Restricted distributionNativeYesFrioni et al., 1998; Burkart, 1949
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)LocalisedNativeFlora del Conosur, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)WidespreadIntroducedYesISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedWeiss et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedIABIN, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNativeOrchard, 1981; Arocena & Mazzeo, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Restricted distributionNativeErb, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle Ade, 1885
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale, 1981; Aneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeDeginani, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedYesSimberloff et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedYesRichardson et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Zuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentGBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; Rios et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand, 1952
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentNativePopenoe, 1920
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentSindel et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentNativeErb, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesKrstic et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)WidespreadNativeRoe, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; Nee, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeCastro, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesCosta et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentMorong & Britton, 1893; Alonso & Bassagoda, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMarzocca, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentFernández et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; IABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeOlano et al., 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeGradstein & Sipman, 1978
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumWidespreadMendez & Brazeiro, 1993
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentRamirez, 1990
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentBitancourt, 1940; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; Colnago et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusLast reported 1992OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 1968OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Capano et al., 1976
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Nari & Solari, 1991; Cardozo et al., 1994
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine anaplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE, 2009; Paravis et al., 1995
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisPresent, few occurrencesMazzoni et al., 2003; Borteiro et al., 2009
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentInvernizzi et al., 2011; OIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentPastorino et al., 2008
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentCremonte et al., 2005
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Errico & Bermúdez, 1983
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaLast reported 1932OIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Sanford et al., 2007
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested32223342332839353855
ApplesProduction Quantity7336852226587755126666874
ApplesYield227710Fc156272Fc176608Fc130282Fc173473Fc
BarleyArea Harvested65088Im61900140573129900138200
BarleyProduction Quantity210704Im186400464071409500310200
BarleySeed6809Fc6809Fc6809Fc15463Fc14289Fc
BarleyYield32372.2Fc30113.1Fc33012.8Fc31524.3Fc22445.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested5018Im5450Im5650F 5600F 5500F
Beans, dryProduction Quantity3203Im3403Im3550F 3500F 3450F
Beans, drySeed326.17Fc326.17Fc354.25Fc367.25Fc360F
Beans, dryYield6383.02Fc6244.04Fc6283.19Fc6250Fc6272.73Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested414Im312Im363Im420F 329Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity996Im1142Im1401Im1470F 1211Im
Beans, greenYield24058Fc36602.6Fc38595Fc35000Fc36808.5Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested376Im344Im410F 400F 380F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity726Im725Im830F 850F 800F
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed45.12Fc45.12Fc41.28Fc49.2Fc50F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield19308.5Fc21075.6Fc20243.9Fc21250Fc21052.6Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested366Im361Im420F 410F 400F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity3448Im3261Im4000F 3800F 3600F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield94207.6Fc90332.4Fc95238.1Fc92682.9Fc90000Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested3564Im3389Im4500F 4000F 3800F
Canary seedProduction Quantity3408Im3015Im3825F 3400F 3230F
Canary seedSeed142.56Fc142.56Fc135.56Fc180Fc160Fc
Canary seedYield9562.29Fc8896.43Fc8500Fc8500Fc8500Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1387Im1379174819271919
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity19582Im18255224682489123918
Carrots and turnipsYield141182Fc132379Fc128535Fc129170Fc124638Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested825206A 784789A 1042090A 910677A 648133A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity3238390A 2966330A 3819300A 3161510A 2296380A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed85224.1A 85224.1A 80987.6A 107724A 95997.8A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield39243.4Fc37797.8Fc36650.6Fc34716Fc35430.8Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested825206A 784789A 1042090A 910677A 648133A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3785510A 3348860A 4247940A 3604400A 2677900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed85224.1A 85224.1A 80987.6A 107724A 95997.8A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield45873.5Fc42672.1Fc40763.9Fc39579.3Fc41317.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested272Im270F 263281333
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity15537Im17000F 155231357113861
Chillies and peppers, greenYield571213Fc629630Fc590228Fc482954Fc416246Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested15983A 17019A 13365A 16146A 16352A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity270367A 315214A 268621A 253460A 346239A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield169159Fc185213Fc200988Fc156980Fc211741Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested204400A 218889A 332170A 267300A 257433A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity672212A 899421A 1116320A 917800A 835059A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed13344.1A 13344.1A 13881.6A 24396.2A 20175A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield32887.1Fc41090.3Fc33606.9Fc34335.9Fc32437.9Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity
CottonseedProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedSeed
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested31119A 32900A 28844A 32991A 33154A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity522813A 532175A 457837A 460890A 595468A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield168004Fc161755Fc158729Fc139702Fc179607Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested652Im684Im600F 570F 580F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity4910Im4998Im4300F 4000F 4200F
Fruit Fresh NesYield75306.8Fc73070.2Fc71666.7Fc70175.4Fc72413.8Fc
GarlicArea Harvested161Im131135174181
GarlicProduction Quantity848Im630588751763
GarlicYield52670.8Fc48091.6Fc43555.6Fc43160.9Fc42154.7Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested250F 217241302302
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity35701897375130724605
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield142800Fc87419.4Fc155643Fc101722Fc152483Fc
GrapesArea Harvested79038001812785038652
GrapesProduction Quantity12618711029287498112883133009
GrapesYield159670Fc137848Fc107663Fc132757Fc153732Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested3546Im3579Im2600F 2100P 2300F
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1711Im1529Im1500F 1300F 1200F
Groundnuts, with shellSeed319.14Fc319.14Fc322.11Fc234Fc189Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield4825.16Fc4272.14Fc5769.23Fc6190.48Fc5217.39Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested2000F 1935167518212008
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity3821537656419933300837689
Lemons and limesYield191075Fc194605Fc250704Fc181263Fc187694Fc
LinseedArea Harvested4700Im4743Im3445Im2700F 3148Im
LinseedProduction Quantity6146Im5840Im4326Im3320F 5078Im
LinseedSeed258.5Fc258.5Fc260.87Fc189.48Fc148.5Fc
LinseedYield13076.6Fc12312.9Fc12557.3Fc12296.3Fc16130.9Fc
MaizeArea Harvested8090096000875008060058700
MaizeProduction Quantity286200529100269800334700337763
MaizeSeed2831.5Fc2831.5Fc3360Fc3062.5Fc2821Fc
MaizeYield35377Fc55114.6Fc30834.3Fc41526.1Fc57540.6Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested72Im74121327140
Maize, greenProduction Quantity377Im3755831123820
Maize, greenYield52361.1Fc50675.7Fc48181.8Fc34342.5Fc58571.4Fc
OatsArea Harvested23448Im22300314971510013900
OatsProduction Quantity48500Im42906Im544251900021100
OatsSeed2462.04Fc2462.04Fc2341.5Fc3307.19Fc1585.5Fc
OatsYield20684.1Fc19240.4Fc17279.4Fc12582.8Fc15179.9Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested878446A 886522A 643945A 504700A 413478A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1229750A 1449210A 845071A 643451A 671310A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed61594A 61594A 61707.3A 41548.8A 33166.3A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield13999.1Fc16347.1Fc13123.4Fc12749.2Fc16235.7Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested881174A 889275A 645945A 506500A 414978A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity286787A 337955A 212224A 166772A 169531A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed14165A 14165A 14212.8A 9722.79A 7730.85A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield3254.61Fc3800.34Fc3285.48Fc3292.64Fc4085.31Fc
OlivesArea Harvested2728Im2753Im2000F 1800F 1500F
OlivesProduction Quantity6109Im5805Im4300F 3800F 3400F
OlivesYield22393.7Fc21086.1Fc21500Fc21111.1Fc22666.7Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1387Im1418190816472181
Onions, dryProduction Quantity17328Im17450255541956440037
Onions, dryYield124932Fc123061Fc133931Fc118786Fc183572Fc
OrangesArea Harvested7400F 8222628475997521
OrangesProduction Quantity135180154211130100128930186272
OrangesYield182676Fc187559Fc207034Fc169667Fc247669Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested154Im160F 144192173
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity1997Im2000F 194932592736
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield129675Fc125000Fc135347Fc169740Fc158150Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested2116Im2220197621932139
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity22567Im22971190701864117607
Peaches and nectarinesYield106649Fc103473Fc96508.1Fc85002.3Fc82314.2Fc
PearsArea Harvested72810038481021897
PearsProduction Quantity1479618702132721575518697
PearsYield203242Fc186461Fc156509Fc154310Fc208439Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested1194Im1310Im1350F 1300F 1260Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity2503Im2759Im2800F 2700F 2800Im
Peas, drySeed95.52Fc95.52Fc104.8Fc108Fc100F
Peas, dryYield20963.2Fc21061.1Fc20740.7Fc20769.2Fc22222.2Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested276344324365376
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity30892943213221214421
Plums and sloesYield111920Fc85552.3Fc65802.5Fc58109.6Fc117580Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested50765707635362947925
PotatoesProduction Quantity90155114662102287106557118362
PotatoesSeed5329.8Fc5329.8Fc5992.35Fc6670.65Fc6608.7Fc
PotatoesYield177610Fc200915Fc161006Fc169299Fc149353Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested6588A 7104A 7410A 7300A 7140A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6432A 6887A 7180A 7050A 7050A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed466.81A 466.81A 500.33A 524.45A 510A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9763.21Fc9694.54Fc9689.61Fc9657.53Fc9873.95Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested2014Im2056187622732489
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity15151Im14678155791867515718
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield75228.4Fc71391.1Fc83043.7Fc82160.1Fc63149.9Fc
QuincesArea Harvested239287276258303
QuincesProduction Quantity75294829416927644421
QuincesYield315021Fc168258Fc151051Fc107132Fc145908Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested5000* 5000* 5000* 4000* 3000*
RapeseedProduction Quantity10000* 9000* 9000* 8000* 6000*
RapeseedYield20000Fc18000Fc18000Fc20000Fc20000Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested196000161900160700168377145400
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity16430001148740128720013300001145700
Rice, paddySeed27440Fc27440Fc22666Fc22498Fc23572.8Fc
Rice, paddyYield83826.5Fc70953.7Fc80099.6Fc78989.4Fc78796.4Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested12876A 13407A 13953A 13894A 15425A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity164155A 187162A 174287A 177557A 188362A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed7435.8A 7435.8A 8071.35A 8722.65A 8258.7A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield127489Fc139600Fc124910Fc127794Fc122115Fc
Seed cottonArea HarvestedF F F F F
Seed cottonProduction QuantityF F F F F
Seed cottonYield
SorghumArea Harvested3140035300681003770042833
SorghumProduction Quantity123400138000324200151200162766
SorghumSeed1099Fc1099Fc1235.5Fc2383.5Fc1319.5Fc
SorghumYield39299.4Fc39093.5Fc47606.5Fc40106.1Fc38000.1Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested862100863200577800461900366535
SoybeansProduction Quantity154100018168001028600772900814920
SoybeansSeed77589Fc77589Fc77688Fc52002Fc41571Fc
SoybeansYield17875Fc21047.3Fc17802Fc16733.1Fc22233.1Fc
Sugar beetArea HarvestedF F F F F
Sugar beetProduction QuantityF F F F F
Sugar beetYield
Sugar caneArea Harvested6500F 6500581560385188
Sugar caneProduction Quantity314000F 313300296500334100293200
Sugar caneYield483077Fc482000Fc509888Fc553329Fc565150Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested310010000551003400038495
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity39009100506005420043123
Sunflower seedSeed31Fc31Fc100Fc551Fc340Fc
Sunflower seedYield12580.7Fc9100Fc9183.3Fc15941.2Fc11202.2Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested7800F 7700F 7600F 7600F 7500F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity74000F 72500F 72000F 71000F 70000F
Sweet potatoesSeed2106Fc2106Fc2079Fc2052Fc1650F
Sweet potatoesYield94871.8Fc94155.8Fc94736.8Fc93421.1Fc93333.3Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested6333Im6645516564246521
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity934021214509277788450117673
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield147485Fc182769Fc179626Fc137687Fc180452Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested820Im810Im797Im776Im829Im
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity3121Im2589Im2821Im2781Im2996Im
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield38061Fc31963Fc35395.2Fc35837.6Fc36139.9Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested389Im414574423424
TomatoesProduction Quantity30643Im31609370222850430887
TomatoesYield787738Fc763502Fc644983Fc673853Fc728467Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested1870Im1900F 180326862286
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity36693Im31500F 313094765442518
Vegetables fresh nesYield196219Fc165789Fc173649Fc177416Fc185993Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested9135A 9146A 10135A 11510A 11555A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity152964A 148092A 168476A 175262A 187569A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield167448Fc161920Fc166232Fc152269Fc162327Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested9135A 9146A 10135A 11510A 11555A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity152964A 148092A 168476A 175262A 187569A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield167448Fc161920Fc166232Fc152269Fc162327Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested649Im671Im780F 750F 700F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity10364Im10192Im12500F 12000F 11500F
WatermelonsYield159692Fc151893Fc160256Fc160000Fc164286Fc
WheatArea Harvested424806Im404000549215475000245300
WheatProduction Quantity1470300Im130070018444201356600697143
WheatSeed44440Fc44440Fc44440Fc60830Fc52250Fc
WheatYield34611.1Fc32195.5Fc33582.8Fc28560Fc28420Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested38853822359535953494
ApplesProduction Quantity6128577342667447383745794
ApplesYield157748Fc202360Fc185658Fc205388Fc131065Fc
BarleyArea Harvested12750078100136600117700102800
BarleyProduction Quantity432100242300406500323700217360
BarleySeed15202Fc14025Fc8591Fc15026Fc12947Fc
BarleyYield33890.2Fc31024.3Fc29758.4Fc27502.1Fc21144Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested5350F 5400F 5350F 54005350F
Beans, dryProduction Quantity3350F 3500F 3350F 34003350F
Beans, drySeed357.5Fc347.75Fc351Fc347.75Fc351Fc
Beans, dryYield6261.68Fc6481.48Fc6261.68Fc6296.3Fc6261.68Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested394Im400F 370F 400370F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1392Im1400F 1350F 13001200F
Beans, greenYield35329.9Fc35000Fc36486.5Fc32500Fc32432.4Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested380F 375Im360F 380F 390F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity880F 850F 760F 780F 810F
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed45.6Fc45.6Fc45Fc43.2Fc45.6Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield23157.9Fc22666.7Fc21111.1Fc20526.3Fc20769.2Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested330F 340F 370F 360F 320F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity2850F 2900F 3600F 2850F 2700F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield86363.6Fc85294.1Fc97297.3Fc79166.7Fc84375Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested3750F 3700F 3600F 2900F 3100F
Canary seedProduction Quantity3190F 3145F 3060F 2465F 2635F
Canary seedSeed152Fc150Fc148Fc144Fc116Fc
Canary seedYield8506.67Fc8500Fc8500Fc8500Fc8500Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested21122112186920372711
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity272082720833800* 2649532509
Carrots and turnipsYield128826Fc128826Fc180845Fc130069Fc119915Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested594250A 516900A 587066A 467523A 483834A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2217720A 1872320A 2103300A 1524780A 1293340A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed67706.2A 65426.5A 56060A 65109.8A 51683.6A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield37319.7Fc36222Fc35827.3Fc32613.9Fc26731Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested594250A 516900A 587066A 467523A 483834A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2648090A 2276750A 2523740A 1826370A 1606190A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed67706.2A 65426.5A 56060A 65109.8A 51683.6A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield44561.9Fc44046.1Fc42989.1Fc39064.9Fc33197.1Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested334334459434444
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1417714178123541441013138
Chillies and peppers, greenYield424461Fc424491Fc269150Fc332028Fc295901Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested14696A 22180A 19094A 19150A 19187A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity277533A 326000A 242177A 248979A 235516A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield188849Fc146979Fc126834Fc130015Fc122748Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested223550A 179400A 221301A 196423A 186500A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity744490A 608145A 728542A 594674A 460899A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed20367.2A 19330.5A 13415A 19281.7A 17260.5A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield33303.1Fc33898.8Fc32920.9Fc30275.2Fc24713.1Fc
Cotton lintProduction QuantityF
CottonseedProduction QuantityF F F F
CottonseedSeed
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested31656A 38872A 35533A 36014A 35763A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity517516A 576731A 503489A 476977A 411750A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield163481Fc148367Fc141696Fc132442Fc115133Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested550550F 510F 550F 540F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity40004000F 3660F 3800F 3700F
Fruit Fresh NesYield72727.3Fc72727.3Fc71764.7Fc69090.9Fc68518.5Fc
GarlicArea Harvested175175238207225
GarlicProduction Quantity7087081050F 1005522
GarlicYield40457.1Fc40457.1Fc44117.7Fc48550.7Fc23200Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested281580F 550550525
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity81449100731357006725
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield289822Fc156897Fc132964Fc103636Fc128095Fc
GrapesArea Harvested85768484858388039142
GrapesProduction Quantity13024412427414705710816493828
GrapesYield151870Fc146480Fc171335Fc122872Fc102634Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested2250F 2100P 2250F 2300F 2250F
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1180F 1200P 1180F 1250F 1200F
Groundnuts, with shellSeed207Fc202.5Fc189Fc202.5Fc207Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield5244.44Fc5714.29Fc5244.44Fc5434.78Fc5333.33Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested18365200F 500050005500F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity4286446000334703670138519
Lemons and limesYield233464Fc88461.5Fc66940Fc73402Fc70034.6Fc
LinseedArea Harvested3130Im3135Im3015Im2600F 1965Im
LinseedProduction Quantity4442Im3821Im3200F 3100F 2463Im
LinseedSeed173.14Fc172.15Fc172.43Fc165.83Fc143Fc
LinseedYield14191.7Fc12188.2Fc10613.6Fc11923.1Fc12534.4Fc
MaizeArea Harvested4900060600449233892748700
MaizeProduction Quantity205000251000223000178500163400
MaizeSeed2054.5Fc1715Fc2121Fc1571.5Fc1361.5Fc
MaizeYield41836.7Fc41419.1Fc49640.5Fc45855.1Fc33552.4Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested350F 227300F 279489
Maize, greenProduction Quantity2000F 11951800F 16112245
Maize, greenYield57142.9Fc52643.2Fc60000Fc57741.9Fc45910Fc
OatsArea Harvested2750018000F 182002206712600
OatsProduction Quantity4290027000F 263002980015600
OatsSeed1459.5Fc2887.5Fc1890Fc1911Fc2317.03Fc
OatsYield15600Fc15000Fc14450.5Fc13504.3Fc12381Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested377280A 402235A 362865A 259800A 141615A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity580680A 479088A 383484A 271198A 128739A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed26429.3A 22438.8A 20500.8A 18270A 6605.74A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield15391.2Fc11910.7Fc10568.2Fc10438.7Fc9090.75Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested378830A 403735A 364315A 261300A 143065A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity160761A 157358A 142619A 134306A 76340.1A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed6218.39A 5369.5A 5104.45A 4575.27A 2111.93A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4243.61Fc3897.57Fc3914.72Fc5139.92Fc5336.04Fc
OlivesArea Harvested1550F 1500F 1450F 1500F 1450F
OlivesProduction Quantity4200F 3800F 3250F 3300F 3250F
OlivesYield27096.8Fc25333.3Fc22413.8Fc22000Fc22413.8Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested19451945264024661799
Onions, dryProduction Quantity2784527845332653951526944
Onions, dryYield143162Fc143162Fc126004Fc160239Fc149772Fc
OrangesArea Harvested66779800F 7044Im71006831
OrangesProduction Quantity138279176500124091131578115769
OrangesYield207098Fc180102Fc176166Fc185321Fc169476Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested261230Im250F 173324
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity35154500F 4000F 1900F 4094Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield134674Fc195652Fc160000Fc109827Fc126358Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested22502094195119511601
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity172671587114114106357545
Peaches and nectarinesYield76742.2Fc75792.7Fc72342.4Fc54510.5Fc47126.8Fc
PearsArea Harvested990989984984887
PearsProduction Quantity1771118449176161916414186
PearsYield178899Fc186542Fc179024Fc194756Fc159932Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested1250F 1300F 1250F 1300F 1250F
Peas, dryProduction Quantity2650F 2700F 2650F 2700F 2650F
Peas, drySeed100.8Fc100Fc104Fc100Fc104Fc
Peas, dryYield21200Fc20769.2Fc21200Fc20769.2Fc21200Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested389395366366312
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity29633437312113821681
Plums and sloesYield76169.7Fc87012.7Fc85273.2Fc37759.6Fc53878.2Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested8569832686271068010913
PotatoesProduction Quantity147981157636137950173812141213
PotatoesSeed8321.25Fc8997.45Fc8742.3Fc9058.35Fc11214Fc
PotatoesYield172693Fc189330Fc159905Fc162745Fc129399Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested6980A 7075A 6960A 7080A 6990A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6880A 7050A 6760A 6880A 6810A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed503.9A 493.35A 500A 490.95A 500.6A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9856.73Fc9964.66Fc9712.64Fc9717.51Fc9742.49Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested34403575339734803654
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity275332833922000* 3268424257
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield80037.8Fc79269.9Fc64763Fc93919.5Fc66384.8Fc
QuincesArea Harvested320358450F 615Im600F
QuincesProduction Quantity651373589000F 11016Im9500F
QuincesYield203531Fc205531Fc200000Fc179122Fc158333Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested4000* 1000*
RapeseedProduction Quantity8000* 3000*
RapeseedYield20000Fc30000Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested177300184000186465153400160234
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity129240012145001262600905700939489
Rice, paddySeed20356Fc24822Fc25760Fc26105.1Fc21476Fc
Rice, paddyYield72893.4Fc66005.4Fc67712.4Fc59041.7Fc58632.3Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested15969A 15326A 15227A 17180A 17263A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity215981A 223636A 197950A 238812A 204713A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed10346.3A 10995.5A 10632.3A 10840.4A 12969A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield135250Fc145919Fc129999Fc139006Fc118585Fc
Seed cottonArea HarvestedF F F F
Seed cottonProduction QuantityF F F F
Seed cottonYield
SorghumArea Harvested1580019000179781482919300
SorghumProduction Quantity6130084700696826020961904
SorghumSeed1499.16Fc553Fc665Fc629.23Fc519.02Fc
SorghumYield38797.5Fc44578.9Fc38759.6Fc40602.2Fc32074.6Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested3091002780002470007890028900
SoybeansProduction Quantity67690051100037700020100071000
SoybeansSeed32988.1Fc27819Fc25020Fc22239Fc7101Fc
SoybeansYield21899.1Fc18381.3Fc15263.2Fc25475.3Fc24567.5Fc
Sugar beetArea HarvestedF F
Sugar beetProduction QuantityF F
Sugar beetYield
Sugar caneArea Harvested29613300330028703100
Sugar caneProduction Quantity144519172200154200116200187700
Sugar caneYield488075Fc521818Fc467273Fc404878Fc605484Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested58800118000110600176000108500
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity80600150500177000234000150300
Sunflower seedSeed384.95Fc588Fc1180Fc1106Fc1760Fc
Sunflower seedYield13707.5Fc12754.2Fc16003.6Fc13295.5Fc13852.5Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested7400F 7000F 6600F 65006350F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity68000F 66000F 60000F 6500063500F
Sweet potatoesSeed2025Fc1998Fc1890Fc1782Fc1755Fc
Sweet potatoesYield91891.9Fc94285.7Fc90909.1Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested59026600F 650065006331
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity8824694400773037500074503
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield149519Fc143030Fc118928Fc115385Fc117680Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested895Im9001040Im900909Im
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity2998Im30004046Im30003298Im
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield33497.2Fc33333.3Fc38903.8Fc33333.3Fc36281.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested95695613031027884
TomatoesProduction Quantity461014610144400* 4671341242
TomatoesYield482228Fc482228Fc340752Fc454849Fc466538Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested2266Im2300F 2260F 2300F 2111Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity21877Im22000F 20500F 20000F 18791Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield96544.6Fc95652.2Fc90708Fc86956.5Fc89014.7Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested13313A 13294A 14140A 13863A 13991A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity187956A 188374A 189749A 199983A 178862A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield141182Fc141699Fc134193Fc144257Fc127841Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested13313A 13294A 14140A 13863A 13991A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity187956A 188374A 189749A 199983A 178862A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield141182Fc141699Fc134193Fc144257Fc127841Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested750F 700F 684700660
WatermelonsProduction Quantity12750F 12000F 11630F 1150011220
WatermelonsYield170000Fc171429Fc170029Fc164286Fc170000Fc
WheatArea Harvested193400153500179300117700137100
WheatProduction Quantity611200454100532600326000205800
WheatSeed26983Fc21274Fc16885Fc19723Fc12947Fc
WheatYield31602.9Fc29583.1Fc29704.4Fc27697.5Fc15010.9Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea14378Fm14362Fm14617Fm14780Fm14553Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea931Q 931Q 931I 931I 931I
Agricultural area irrigatedArea200Q 178Q 173Q 180Q 157Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea931Q 931Q 931I 931I 931I
Arable landArea1807Fm1695Fm1881Fm1661Fm1340Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1846Fm1733Fm1912Fm1694Fm1373Fm
Country areaArea17622Q 17622Q 17622W 17622W 17622W
Fallow landArea100Fm100Fm100Fm100Fm100Fm
Forest areaArea1788.8Fm1744Q 1699.2Fm1654.4Fm1609.6Fm
Inland waterArea120Fm120Fm120Fm120Fm120Fm
Land areaArea17502Q 17502Q 17502W 17502W 17502W
Other landArea1335.2Fm1396Fm1185.8Fm1067.6Fm1339.4Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea
Permanent cropsArea39Q 38Q 31Q 33Q 33Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea12532Fm12629Fm12705Fm13086Fm13180Fm
Temporary cropsArea1430Q 1320Q 1501Q 1240Q 913Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea277Fm275Fm280Fm321Fm327Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea218Fm218Fm218Fm218Fm218Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea14591Fm14740Fm14740Fm14842Fm14842Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea169Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea759I
Arable landArea1292Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1323Fm1340Fm1340Fm1342Fm1342Fm
Country areaArea17622W 17622W 17622W 17622Q 17622Q
Fallow landArea150Fm
Forest areaArea1564.8Fm1520Q 1498.4Fm1476.8Fm1455.2Fm
Inland waterArea120Fm120Fm120Fm120Fm120Fm
Land areaArea17502W 17502W 17502W 17502Q 17502Q
Other landArea1346.2Fm1242Fm1263.6Fm1183.2Fm1204.8Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea2427Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea10841Q
Permanent cropsArea31Q 40Fm40Fm42F 42F
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea13268Q 13400Fm13400Fm13500Fm13500Fm
Temporary cropsArea816Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea326Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea218Fm218Fm218Q 210F 202F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data