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Datasheet

Tanzania

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Tanzania
  • General data
  • Region: East Africa
  • Area (km2): 945,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Dodoma
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 40,432,163
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$410
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$16,287,327,232
  • GDP: US$16,180,884,480
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)PresentCABI/EPPO &, 1998a
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distributionBové & Garnier, 1994
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; Nyango, 1979; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (banana xanthomonas wilt (BXW))Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; Mgenzi et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)WidespreadSingh et al., 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedDe Milliano et al., 1991; Mansuetus, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2006; Wallace & Wallace, 1949; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentMbwaga et al., 1993; Thakur & King, 1988b; IMI Herbarium unda; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesSebasigari & Stover, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)PresentCasulli, 1979; Martin et al., 1997
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentRiley, 1960; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO, 2014; Seif & Hillocks, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSutton, 1980; Riley, 1960; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAecidium glycinesPresentLenné, 1990; Ebbels & Allen, 1979
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentTeri & Keswani, 1985; EPPO, 2014; Murithi et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionHarder et al., 1972; Mgonja, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)WidespreadCRI/UNDP, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentBohlen, 1973; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedBohlen, 1973; Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentBohlen, 1973; CIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentNativePiereira & Chaud-Netto, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Natural History Museum London
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesMwatawala et al., 2004; Drew et al., 2005; White, 2006; Ekesi & Billah, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentMwatawala et al., 2007; Mziray et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)WidespreadHaines, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadHaines, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Presentde Meyer, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentBohlen, 1973; CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Borchsenius, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesNorris & Murray, 1964; Hall et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCiesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)No information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes sjostedtiPresentNativeHarris, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadYesSubra, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentShimwela et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBohlen, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedMassawe & Kisaka, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBohlen, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentSteinmann, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedYesNedved & Háva, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976; Mitchell & Ironside, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentFernie & Langley, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentDeeming, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentNye, 1960
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)WidespreadMsabaha &, 1984; Yaninek, 1988; Markham et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentMillar, 1994; CIE, 1979; Remaudiere & Autrique, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentBohlen, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)WidespreadMorstatt, 1913; Symmons, 1959; Anderson, 1964; Anderson, 1911; Miller, 1925; Miller, 1929; Harris, 1933; Robertson & Chapman, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentHarris personal communication, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIITA, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentKabissa, 1990; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeYesWheeler, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesNeuenschwander & Herren, 1988; Herren & Neuenschwander, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentParker & Hunt, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentBohlen, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedYesMadoffe & Austara, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentDe Lotto, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug)Restricted distributionBohlen, 1973; Cox, 1989; De Lotto, 1964; Le Pelley, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeKyomo, 1999; Stephenson, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)WidespreadIntroducedYesHodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentZannou et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentHodges et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentNHM, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentHarris, 1936; Materu & Hopkinson, 1969; Hopkinson & Materu, 1970a; Harris, 1934; Harris, 1943; Lock, 1958; Wienik, 1967; EPPO, 2014; Schwenke, 1934
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentHenckes, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentHaggis, 1984; UK CAB International, 1972; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentMansfield-Aders, 1920; Swaine, 1961; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Restricted distributionBohlen, 1973; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesUK CAB International, 1973; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo)PresentNativeMCZ, 2013; Anonymous, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)WidespreadIntroducedYesRyall, 2010a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2005; Costa et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeRandall & Heemstra, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentIntroducedYesPringle, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedEccles, 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedEccles, 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Ogutu-Ohwayo, 1990; Welcomme, 1988; Ogutu-Ohwayo & Hecky, 1991; Twongo, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)PresentNativeAnonymous, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Absent, formerly presentBaker, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)WidespreadNativeYesCraig, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedEccles, 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)PresentNativeEccles, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentWorld Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedEccles, 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)WidespreadNativeEason et al., 1988; Mertens, 1966; Tilbury & Tolley, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeSpawls et al., 2002; Bayless, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentAppeltans et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedMastrototaro et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeDaget, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)WidespreadNativeEmberton et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)LocalisedIntroducedNguma et al., 1982; Brown, 1994; Cowie & Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014; Msangi & Kihauli, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentNativeBrown, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)WidespreadTaylor et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne decalineata (African coffee root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionSwai, 1981; Whitehead, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentNativeWhitehead, 1969; Whitehead, 1968; O'Bannon, 1975; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentSwai et al., 1996; Whitehead, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadAhmed, 1975; Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadAhmed, 1975; Ebbels & Allen, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionNgundo & Taylor, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentCoyne et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadTaylor & Ngundo, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentJaasund, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)Reported present or known to be presentNativeMsuya et al., 2006; Silva et al., 1996; Lugendo et al., 2001; Semesi et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)LocalisedNativeSchelpe & Anthony, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedSheil, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeDyer et al., 1963
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Restricted distributionNativeHemp, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentTaylor, 1993; Greathead & deGroot, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeOliveira et al., 2005; Silva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentNativeLirasan & Twide, 1993; Ask & Azanza, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Oliveira et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Oliveira et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedLirasan & Twide, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedMoreau & Moreau, 1931
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedRubanza et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresent only in captivity/cultivationNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; ILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedYesKessy, 1987; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedStreets, 1962; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)WidespreadIntroducedYesTerry & Michieka, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)WidespreadNativeYesIvens, 1967; Townsend, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2016; Holm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)WidespreadNativePhilcox, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedOyen, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; PROTA, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeDuke, 1981; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Townsend, 1985; PROTA, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Townsend, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentTownsend, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIvens, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBioNET-EAFRINET (The East African Network for Taxonomy), 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)WidespreadIntroducedYesTerry & Michieka, 1987; Katagira, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedYesHenderson, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2014; Chandhuri & Ghosal, 1970; Bell, 1993; Bell, 1997; Christou et al., 2001; Boland, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIvens, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentChhabra et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedClayton, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015; Lusweti et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; BioNET-EAFRINET (The East African Network for Taxonomy), 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedBioNET-EAFRINET, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedIvens, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedGrace et al., 2012; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)LocalisedIntroducedYesTropical Biology Association, 2013; Dawson et al., 2008; Edward et al., 2009; Greenway, 1934; Richard, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedBioNET-EAFRINET, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentKew Herbarium, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentIntroducedPurseglove, 1968; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedMugasha, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Elffers et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSheil, 1994; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSafo-Kantaka, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015; Flora Zambesiaca, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentWilliams, 1949
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresentSsegawa, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHaines & Lye, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)WidespreadTerry, 1978; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentHaines & Lye, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)LocalisedIntroducedClayton, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedYesLusweti et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)WidespreadIntroducedYesLusweti et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Blundell, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)Restricted distributionTerry & Michieka, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentClayton & Renvoize, 1982; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)WidespreadNativeClayton & Renvoize, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Restricted distributionYesClayton & Renvoize, 1982; Terry & Michieka, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedClayton & Renvoize, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeNapper, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesMallya et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanic Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedYesDarwin Initiative Project, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesBeentje, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHaines & Lye, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentYesHolm et al., 1991; Haines & Lye, 1983; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)WidespreadOwenya et al., 1987; Moyer et al., 1989; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedMbuya et al., 1994; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedRitoine et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentClayton & Renvoize, 1982; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)WidespreadIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedWickens, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentClayton, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)PresentPhillips, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; Hughes, 1998b; Hughes, 1998a; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Restricted distributionIntroducedSheil , 1994; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedAnon., 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentIntroducedYesBrenan, 1959
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLegère, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeVollesen, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET (The East African Network for Taxonomy), 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedBrunken et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray & Taylor, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentGBIF, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeGraham, 1957
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Graham, 1957
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentGraham, 1957
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentClayton, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentNativeFaluyi & Nwokeocha, 1993; Clayton, 1970; Ivens, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentChen, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeBrenan, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesMcConnachie et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Lind et al., 1974; Welsh & Denny, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionNativeYesClayton & Renvoize, 1982; EPPO, 2014; Holm et al.,1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)WidespreadNativeYesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentIntroducedFroman & Persson, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2011; Mairura, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedAllen, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentIntroducedQueensland Government, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; BioNET-EAFRINET (The East African Network for Taxonomy), 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedAFFA, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentIvens, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeCLAYTON, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentBlundell, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedCJB, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedYesGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionNativeMillhollon & Burner, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedYesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b; SANBI (South African National Biodiversity Institute), 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBruneau et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; JSTOR Global Plants, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present only in captivity/cultivationHanelt et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Brenan, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedYesWakibara & Mnaya, 2002; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentTerry & Michieka, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeICRAF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedLegere et al., 2004; CJB, 2016; Verdcourt, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed)PresentHepper, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentGRIN, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBinggeli, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedTerry & Michieka, 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Present, few occurrencesNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedYesTropical Biology Association, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesTropical Biology Association, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHadidi, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTerry & Michieka, 1987; El Hadidi, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; Kansiime et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentAfrican Plant Database, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBennett & Herman, 1976
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana streak diseaseRestricted distributionNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996; Sebasigari & Stover, 1988; EPPO, 2014
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentLister & Ranieri, 1995
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease)WidespreadSTOREY, 1936; Legg & Raya, 1998; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1998
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadPatel & Kuwite, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentIntroducedMakumbi & Wangai, 2013
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)WidespreadStorey, 1936; CABI & EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentRossel et al., 1982b; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
VirusRift Valley fever virusLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)WidespreadChiang et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessLast reported 2006OIE, 2012
African swine feverPresentOIE, 2012
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOffice International des Epizooties1999; OIE, 2012
anthraxPresentOIE, 2012; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Woodford et al., 1989
bluetongueNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hyera & Lyaruu, 1995
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2012; AU-IBAR, 2011
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2012
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesNorris & Murray, 1964; Hall et al., 2014
classical swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE, 2012; Masiga et al., 1998; Kané, 2000
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE, 2012; Kusiluka et al., 2000
contagious equine metritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineNo information availableOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersNo information availableOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterPresentOIE, 2012; McCall, 1930
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2012
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 1996
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
leptospirosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE, 2012; Hamblin et al., 1990; Nawathe et al., 1982
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Davies et al., 1977; Jesset, 1978
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2012
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Pasteurella multocida infectionsWidespreadMuhairwa et al., 2001
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE, 2012
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBennett & Herman, 1976
porcine enterovirus infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2012; Kavishe, 1988
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverPresentOIE, 2012
rinderpestLast reported 1997OIE, 2012
scrapieNo information availableOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kavishe, 1988; Maeda & Kasonta, 1996
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraNo information availableOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentFyumagwa et al., 2011
Theileria parva infectionsLocalisedNorval et al., 1992; Semuguruka, 1977
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2012
tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2012
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediNo information availableOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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