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Datasheet

Tanzania

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Present CABI/EPPO and, 1998a.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution Bové and Garnier, 1994.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Nyango, 1979; Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (banana xanthomonas wilt (BXW)) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; Mgenzi et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native Doggett, 1970; UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea) Widespread Singh et al., 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Wallace and Wallace, 1949; De Milliano et al., 1991; Mansuetus, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Mbwaga et al., 1993; Thakur and King, 1988b; CABI/EPPO, 2006; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Introduced Millar and Minter, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesSebasigari and Stover, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew) Present Casulli, 1979; Martin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Riley, 1960; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Present EPPO, 2014; Seif and Hillocks, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Riley, 1960; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; Sutton, 1980; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAecidium glycines Present Lenné, 1990; Ebbels and Allen, 1979.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Teri and Keswani, 1985; EPPO, 2014; Murithi et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Restricted distribution Harder et al., 1972; Mgonja, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread CRI/UNDP, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Bohlen, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced Bohlen, 1973; Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present Bohlen, 1973; CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Native Piereira and Chaud-Netto, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesMwatawala et al., 2004; Drew et al., 2005; Ekesi and Billah, 2006; White, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Present Mwatawala et al., 2007; Mziray et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Present de Meyer, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present Bohlen, 1973; CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Borchsenius, 1966; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesNorris and Murray, 1964; Hall et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesCiesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug) Present Veilleux et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes sjostedti Present Native Harris, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesSubra, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present Shimwela et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Bohlen, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced NoMassawe and Kisaka, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Bohlen, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Steinmann, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Introduced YesNedved and Háva, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976; Mitchell and Ironside, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Fernie and Langley, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present Deeming, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer) Present Nye, 1960.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Widespread Msabaha and, 1984; Markham et al., 1987; Yaninek, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Remaudiere and Autrique, 1985; Millar, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Bohlen, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Widespread Anderson, 1911; Morstatt, 1913; Miller, 1925; Miller, 1929; Harris, 1933; Symmons, 1959; Robertson and Chapman, 1962; Anderson, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present IITA, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; Kabissa, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Native Holthuis, 1980; Dore and Frimodt, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Native YesWheeler, 1922.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Introduced YesNeuenschwander and Herren, 1988; Herren and Neuenschwander, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present Parker and Hunt, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present Bohlen, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Widespread Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced YesMadoffe and Austara, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present De Lotto, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug) Restricted distribution De Lotto, 1964; Le Pelley, 1968; Bohlen, 1973; Cox, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Present Native Kyomo, 1999; Stephenson, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Widespread Introduced YesHodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Zannou et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Hodges et al., 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Harris, 1934; Harris, 1936; Harris, 1943; Lock, 1958; Wienik, 1967; Materu and Hopkinson, 1969; Hopkinson and Materu, 1970a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Henckes, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Introduced Abrahams et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present Mansfield-Aders, 1920; Swaine, 1961; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Restricted distribution Bohlen, 1973; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo) Present Native Anonymous, 1997; MCZ, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Localised
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Introduced YesRyall, 2010a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005; Costa et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Randall and Heemstra, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch) Present Introduced YesPringle, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Eccles, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Eccles, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Ogutu-Ohwayo, 1990; Ogutu-Ohwayo and Hecky, 1991; Twongo, 1995; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish) Present Native Anonymous, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Absent, formerly present Baker, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesCraig, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Eccles, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish) Present Native Eccles, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced Eccles, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon) Widespread Native NoMertens, 1966; Eason et al., 1988; Tilbury and Tolley, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present Appeltans et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Present Introduced Mastrototaro et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma duryi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Localised Introduced Msangi and Kihauli, 1972; Nguma et al., 1982; Brown, 1994; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Native Brown, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Widespread Taylor et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne decalineata (African coffee root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Whitehead, 1969; Swai, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present Native Whitehead, 1968; Whitehead, 1969; O'Bannon, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Whitehead, 1969; Swai et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Ahmed, 1975; Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Ahmed, 1975; Ebbels and Allen, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode) Present Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Restricted distribution Ngundo and Taylor, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Coyne et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Taylor and Ngundo, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Introduced Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Jaasund, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Reported present or known to be present Native Silva et al., 1996; Lugendo et al., 2001; Semesi et al., 2001; Msuya et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern) Localised Native NoSchelpe and Anthony, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Introduced Sheil, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Dyer et al., 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Restricted distribution Native
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present Greathead and deGroot, 1993; Taylor, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Oliveira et al., 2005; Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Native Lirasan and Twide, 1993; Ask and Azanza, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Oliveira et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Oliveira et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Present Introduced Lirasan and Twide, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Moreau and Moreau, 1931.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Introduced Rubanza et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockii Present only in captivity/cultivation Native ILDIS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesKessy, 1987; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced Streets, 1962; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Widespread Introduced YesTerry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Widespread YesIvens, 1967; Townsend, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene fluitans (giant sensitive fern) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present YesISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2016; Holm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Widespread Native NoPhilcox, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Oyen, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Duke, 1981; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Townsend, 1985; PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (redshank) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Townsend, 1985; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Townsend, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Ivens, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced BioNET-EAFRINET, The East African Network for Taxonomy.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton abyssinicus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Widespread Introduced YesTerry and Michieka, 1987; Katagira, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced YesHenderson, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2014; Chandhuri and Ghosal, 1970; Bell, 1993; Bell, 1997; Christou et al., 2001; Boland, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present Ivens, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Chhabra et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Introduced NoClayton, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Lusweti et al., 2014; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; BioNET-EAFRINET, The East African Network for Taxonomy.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced BioNET-EAFRINET, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia cathartica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Ivens, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Grace et al., 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Localised YesTropical Biology Association, 2013; Greenway, 1934; Richard, 2007; Dawson et al., 2008; Edward et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present BioNET-EAFRINET, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Haysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Kew Herbarium, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Introduced NoPurseglove, 1968; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced Mugasha, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Native Elffers et al., 1964; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Restricted distribution Introduced YesSheil, 1994; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; Flora Zambesiaca, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Verdcourt, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Present Ssegawa, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Haines and Lye, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Widespread Terry, 1978; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Haines and Lye, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Localised Clayton, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoClayton et al., 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium australe Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced YesLusweti et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Widespread YesLusweti et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Blundell, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Restricted distribution Terry and Michieka, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Widespread Clayton and Renvoize, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Restricted distribution YesClayton and Renvoize, 1982; Terry and Michieka, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Prota4U, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Clayton and Renvoize, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present Native Napper, 1965.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesMallya et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present YesDarwin Initiative Project, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Introduced NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesBeentje, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Haines and Lye, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present YesHaines and Lye, 1983; Holm et al., 1991; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Harris, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Widespread Owenya et al., 1987; Moyer et al., 1989; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Mbuya et al., 1994; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Widespread Introduced YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced NoWickens, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Clayton, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; Hughes, 1998a; Hughes, 1998b; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Restricted distribution Introduced Sheil , 1994; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Introduced Anon., 2001a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced YesBrenan, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Vollesen, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present YesBioNET-EAFRINET, The East African Network for Taxonomy.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced Brunken et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Native Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present GBIF, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Graham, 1957.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Graham, 1957.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Clayton, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Present Native Clayton, 1970; Ivens, 1989; Faluyi and Nwokeocha, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Chen, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoClayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native Brenan, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced YesMcConnachie et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Lind et al., 1974; Welsh and Denny, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Native YesClayton and Renvoize, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Widespread Native YesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Native GBIF, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Introduced Froman and Persson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Mairura, 2008; PIER, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Introduced Allen, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Introduced Queensland Government, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; BioNET-EAFRINET, The East African Network for Taxonomy.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced AFFA, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Verdcourt, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Present Ivens, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native CLAYTON, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Blundell, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced CJB, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced Pasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced YesGovaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Native Millhollon and Burner, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Widespread Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b; SANBI, South African National Biodiversity Institute.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present only in captivity/cultivation Bruneau et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014; JSTOR Global Plants, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Hanelt et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Brenan, 1967; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced YesWakibara and Mnaya, 2002; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Terry and Michieka, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present NoICRAF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Native NoeMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Present Introduced Legere et al., 2004; Verdcourt, 1992; CJB, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed) Present Hepper, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present GRIN, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBinggeli, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Terry and Michieka, 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Present, few occurrences Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced YesTropical Biology Association, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread YesTropical Biology Association, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present El Hadidi, 1985; Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Kansiime et al., 2007; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present African Plant Database, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBennett and Herman, 1976.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parva Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolense Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Restricted distribution Native YesSebasigari and Stover, 1988; Diekmann and Putter, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Lister and Ranieri, 1995.
Virusbluetongue virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease) Widespread STOREY, 1936; Legg and Raya, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Widespread Patel and Kuwite, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusMaize lethal necrosis disease Present Introduced Makumbi and Wangai, 2013.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Widespread Storey, 1936; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRice yellow mottle virus Present Rossel et al., 1982b; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Widespread Chiang et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Last reported OIE, 2012.
African swine fever Present OIE, 2012.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present , 1999; OIE, 2012.
anthrax Present OIE, 2012; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Woodford et al., 1989.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009; Hyera and Lyaruu, 1995.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2012; AU-IBAR, 2011.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesNorris and Murray, 1964; Hall et al., 2014.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2012; Masiga et al., 1998; Kané, 2000.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2012; Kusiluka et al., 2000.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2012.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders No information available OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Present OIE, 2012; McCall, 1930.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009; OIE, 1996.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012; Nawathe et al., 1982; Hamblin et al., 1990.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009; Davies et al., 1977; Jesset, 1978.
neosporosis Present Barber et al., 1997.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Widespread Muhairwa et al., 2001.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2012.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBennett and Herman, 1976.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis No information available Wandera, 1971; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012; Kavishe, 1988.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Present OIE, 2012.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie No information available OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kavishe, 1988; Maeda and Kasonta, 1996.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Makaya, 1998.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Fyumagwa et al., 2011.
Theileria parva infections Localised Semuguruka, 1977; Norval et al., 1992.
theileriosis Present OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi No information available OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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