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Datasheet

Taiwan

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Taiwan
  • General data
  • Region: Tropical Asia
  • Capital: Taipei
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2005)
  • Population, total: 22,478,000
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$13,320
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$299,296,980,992
  • GDP: US$281,928,990,720

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentChen et al., 2008
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)WidespreadLee et al., 1993b; Nakamura et al., 1996; Lee et al., 1998a
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; Wang & Cheng, 2001; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2006
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)WidespreadMatsumoto et al., 1961
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; Wu et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, unreliable recordCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2007; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al., 2010
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentEPPO, 2014; Leu et al., 1998; Su et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentHuang et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Tsai et al., 2016
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)LocalisedNativeBrasier et al., 2010; EPPO, 2011; Webber et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)WidespreadKao & Len, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Restricted distributionSimmons, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentSawada, 1959; Anon., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentTanda & Su, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionLee & Kuo, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentGrasso, 1970a; Huang & Chang, 1972; Chiu, 1955; Grasso, 1970b; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesStover, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentSawada, 1959; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentChen & Chang, 1966
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentWu & Dow, 1993; Wu, 1994
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentHiratsuka & Chen, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentAnon., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Sawada, 1942; Hiratsuka & Chen, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)PresentYen J-m, 1975; Hiratsuka & Chen, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insulareRestricted distributionDai et al., 2002
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentOno, 2000; Tai, 1979; Hiratsuka, 1935; Ito, 1938; Hiratsuka, 1943; Hiratsuka, 1944; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015; Hiratsuka & Hashioka, 1933; Tai, 1979; Sydow & Sydow, 1914; Sawada, 1931; Hiratsuka, 1935b; Ito, 1938; Hiratsuka, 1943; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionShen & King, 1958
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRicaud et al., 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; Wang, 1992
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentNativeMau & Kessing, 1991; CIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)PresentNativeHaack et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentLiu & Yang, 1987; CIE, 1969; Wang, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesWen et al., 1994b; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)PresentNativeLingafelter & Hoebeke, 2002; Gressitt, 1951; Duffy, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedWilliams & Williams, 1988; Tao, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; Yu et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentTakagi, 1969; Wong et al., 1999; NHM, 1930
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; BAPHIQ, Taiwan, correspondence to CABI, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)WidespreadYesDrew, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadYesDrew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM London UK
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentNHM London UK; Wang, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedPai et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentShiau, 1982; Chiu et al., 1985; Chiu & Chen, 1985; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentHuang, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)PresentIntroducedMakihara et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)WidespreadRose et al., 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadRose et al., 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentNativeQiao Zhang, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeChou et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)WidespreadNativeWee & Ng, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedAhyong & Yeo, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeYesWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; Wong et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Wong, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesNorris & Murray, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Indigenous
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentWu et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)WidespreadIntroducedSu, 2003a; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedFletcher , 1932
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadLien, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentTalekar & Lee, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentOkada, 1976; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972; Huang & Lin, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentNativeZhao & et al. , 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)PresentIntroducedYesChiang & Hwang, 1991; Chu, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966; Wong et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Priesner, 1960; Han, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentNativeKnodel & Hoebeke, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)WidespreadChen, 1981; CIE, 1961; Kudô, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentSu & Wang, 1988; Wang & Su, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia pitysophila (pine needle hemiberlesian scale)PresentTao, 1999; Wong et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)Unconfirmed recordNativeSakai, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentPan, 1990; FAO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; Wong et al., 1999; Tao, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentIntroducedYesShih, 1991; Shih & Cheng, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentHsu & Chiang, 1983; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedRosenberry , 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)PresentNativeYesPucat & Watler, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)Absent, formerly presentKishida , 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentWong et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentNativeHayashi, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentNativeChen & Chao, 1998; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1979; Tao, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentSu & Tseng, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Absent, invalid recordChan & Yu, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadIo &, 1990; Tong, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentChen et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentTakahashi, 1932; Tao, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)LocalisedIntroducedYesHodgson et al., 2008; Ghulam et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentLee et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedYesMcClure, 1984b; Anon., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)WidespreadTsay, 1991; Su & Li, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlatypus quercivorus (oak ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeBeaver & Hsien-Tzung, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadAVRDC, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentWen & Lee, 1984; CIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHentonnen & Huner , 1999; ISSG, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusWidespreadNativeChang & Fang, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Yang et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentLiao & Chen, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentLin, 1981; Lo, 1986; Lin et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano, 1978; Knutson & Orth, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeHsieh & Pi, 1988; Tao, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentPeng, 1984; Lo, 1986; Hung & Hwang,1992; Yao, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2005; ISSG, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2014; Chen et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeHuang, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)WidespreadYesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)WidespreadHuang, 1989; Chang, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadEssig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ), Taiwan, 2016, correspondence t
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentAratanakul & Burgett, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentNativeArcher, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeMurayama, 1934; Eggers, 1939; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeBeaver & Browne, 1975; Nobuchi, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Nobuchi, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedEggers, 1939; Wood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)WidespreadNativeCoyle, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2007; Shao et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentNativeZhang, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNativeCourtenay & et al. , 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius cuvieri (Japanese crucian carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Shen, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)LocalisedMcCullough, 2009b; Pei, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentNativeClements et al., 2014; Clement & Juana, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedRyall, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Liao & Liu, 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusWidespreadNativeBrazil, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeKottelat et al., 1993; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesSasa & Kurihara, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)WidespreadIntroducedYesLi et al., 2010b; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemibarbus maculatus (spotted steed)PresentNativeKottelat, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)PresentNativeBanarescu, 1991; Berg, 1949
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedLiang et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedLiao & Lia , 1989; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Confined (quarantine)IntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988; Liao & Lia, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeKottelat , 1998; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)WidespreadNative
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedLiao & Lia , 1989; Greathead & Greathead, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Liao & Lia, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadClements et al., 2014; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedYang et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007; Shao & Lim, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedShen, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedYesDIAS, 2004; Hou et al., 2006; FAO, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentLu & Hsiu, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentIntroducedLiao et al., 1994; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus asotus (Amur catfish)WidespreadNativeKobayakawa, 1989b; Kobayakawa, 1989a; Shih-Chieh, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedShen, 1993; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedLiang et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentNativeYesAguirre & Poss, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentNativeChen & Chen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)Present, few occurrencesNativeTsai & Wu, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedYesCiveyrel & Simberloff, 1996; Cowie, 2003; Chiv & Chov, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedYesTan et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMead, 1961; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentAdams, 1866
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)WidespreadIntroducedChang, 1985; Liao et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesMochida, 1991; Cheng & Kao, 2006; Yang et al., 2006; Halwart & Bartley, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)WidespreadNativeICES, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeFAO, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadNativeMünderle et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)WidespreadWang et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)WidespreadIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Absent, unreliable recordHung, 1958; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTsai, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRuelo, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadMadamba, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Restricted distributionHuang & Chiang, 1976; Tsay et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadHung, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentNativeOkamura, 1921
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeLewis & Norris, 1987; Huang, 1990; Tsai et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedDIAS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)PresentNativeKnapp, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Li & Chiou, 2006; Lu et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)WidespreadNativeFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Lu & Yang, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentPancho & Soerjani, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesChen et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesChen et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeHuang, 2000; Lewis & Norris, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeChiang, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentNativeLuken & Thieret, 1996; Wagner et al., 1999; PIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentIntroducedChung et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; ILDIS, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedPeng et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedJung et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeValkenburg, 1997; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedYeseFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHuang, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; Li et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; Chaing & Leu, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedChen & Wu, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Liu, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesWang & Chiang, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; National, 1968; Horng & Leu, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedChong et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedeFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBurke & DiTommaso, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentNativeYesSpace et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentTaiwan Plant Names, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedHsu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedTu & Cheng 1983, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentTaiwan Sugar Research Institute, undated
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedChadburn, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentGuo & Lin, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedChen & Wu, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeShouliang & Phillips, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2006; MingJer et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentNativeGhafoor, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesPIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedChang, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentNativePatterson, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedChen et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentAnon, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesPeng & Yang, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWuu-Kuang, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentNativeHsui et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedYesSu & Kao, 2005; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesYang Sheng Zehn, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Wang et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedSu & Kao, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedDeighton, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedWu et al., 2004; Wu et al., 2010; Xu et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedLiao et al., 2005; Liao et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009; Flora of China, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)WidespreadIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)WidespreadHorng, 1976; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesJiang et al., 2011; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentAnon, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedRooney, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentFlora of China, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentKao & Rin, 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedYeseFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Holm et al., 1979; Sajjapongse & Roan, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedOka, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedYesDing et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedQ-bank, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)WidespreadIntroducedYeseFloras, 2013; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentLin & Hsieh, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentNativeKuo, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativePIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Pelser et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedShen & Chen, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedHsu, 1973; Holm et al., 1979; Sun & Huang, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Wang, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHorng & Leu, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeFlora of Taiwan, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013; eFloras, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Cheng & Chou, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Flora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentYen, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)WidespreadIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum timorense (centipede grass)PresentScholz et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeWu et al., 2000; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedLi et al., 1977; Kunjun & Gilbert, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesXie Yan et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentBouda & Chien, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeeFloras, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Restricted distributionOhwi, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007; Tsai et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentOhwi, 1965; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentNativeTetangco, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentYesHolm & et al. , 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadIntroducedYesChen & Wu, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeKu, 2003; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)WidespreadIntroducedYesZhang et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014; Tripathi et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; Wu et al., 2003; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Chang et al., 1982; Wu et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentNativeFOT, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativePIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentLi & Hsieh, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentLi & Hsieh, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeShurtleff & Aoyagi, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Chen et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUNEP-WCMC, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Taiwan Invasive Species Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)WidespreadNativeChen & Phillips, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentWu & Lur, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentChang, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)WidespreadNativePuff, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedPeng et al., 1988; Navie et al., 1996; Towers & Mitchell, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)WidespreadIntroducedHäfliger & Scholz, 1980; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesZhengyi et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedHu, 1959
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008; Chou, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesWu et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentNativeeFloras, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeCheng et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedLiao & Chen, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Wang, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadNativeYesYang et al., 1987; Lin et al., 1999; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedCheTsung et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedChen et al., 1996; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentCANBR, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)LocalisedIntroducedJung et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentReed, 1977; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedeFloras, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentLi 1975-79; Li, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedXu et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Turner et al., 2001; Li & Chiou, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2017
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativevan der Maesen, 1985; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesWu et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentNativeYeseFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentAnn et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; Millhollon & Burner, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)WidespreadNativeYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b; Zhengyi et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedeFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentNativeYesHolm & et al. , 1979; Bruce & et al. , 1997; Liu, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedHsu, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentDepartment, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedLiang & Wang, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim, 2013; Taiwan Plant Names, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; Taiwan Plant Names, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentTaiwan Plant Names, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedTalekar et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentPIER, 2015; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)WidespreadChang et al., 1982; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedChen & Wu, 2003; Kuo, 2003; Wu et al., 2010; Moldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedYesChang, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedPeng, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015; GBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentNativeeFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHuang & Hsieh, 1994; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionDepartment of Agronomy, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeeFlorasorg, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeBoufford et al., 2003; Lee, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedWu et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumWidespreadLilly et al., 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeManwell et al., 1976
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Sun, 1961
VirusBanana streak diseaseEradicatedSu et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Last reported 1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentChang et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusextra small virusPresentWang et al., 2008
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1PresentChen et al., 2016; Chang et al., 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusPresentWang et al., 2008
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentDeng et al., 2014
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentDeng & Huang, 1986; Deng et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentWang et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentGreen & Wu, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusWidespreadChoi et al., 2014; Lin et al., 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 1959OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1950OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentTsai et al., 2007
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentTu et al., 1999
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
abalone viral ganglioneuritisPresentChen et al., 2016; Chang et al., 2005
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentChen et al., 2008
anaplasmosisLast reported 2002Su & Hsu, 1993; Otte & Kiltz, 1969; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadNativeMünderle et al., 2006
anthraxLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Aujeszky's diseaseReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian infectious bronchitisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2004b; OIE Handistatus, 2005
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentLo et al., 1994
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
bluetongueLast reported 2003OIE, 2003; OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine anaplasmosisLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine genital campylobacteriosisLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsLast reported 1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedDance, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005
caprine arthritis encephalitisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSaikku et al., 1985; Liao et al., 1997
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesNorris & Murray, 1964
classical swine feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
duck virus hepatitisReported present or known to be presentLu et al., 1993; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentLiu & Tsai , 1980
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentChung & Kou, 1983
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
enzootic bovine leukosisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
epizootic haemorrhagic diseasePresentBak et al., 1983; Anon., 1999b
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine piroplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsLast reported 2001Kitching, 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005
fowl typhoidLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
glandersLast reported 1950OIE Handistatus, 2005
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
infectious bursal diseaseReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedChen & et al. , 1985; OIE Handistatus, 2005
infectious laryngotracheitisReported present or known to be presentChang et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentHedrick et al., 1983
Japanese encephalitisDisease not reportedOkuno et al., 1975; OIE Handistatus, 2005
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentTu et al., 2004a; Tu et al., 2004b
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
leptospirosisLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Newcastle diseaseReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
oomycete infections in fishPresentChien , 1980
paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentWu et al., 2003
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeManwell et al., 1976
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaWidespreadChoi et al., 2014; Lin et al., 2014
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
pullorum diseaseLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabiesLast reported 1959OIE Handistatus, 2005
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rinderpestLast reported 1950OIE Handistatus, 2005
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
surraDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1999OIE, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentTu et al., 1999
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentKim et al., 1998; Uilenberg, 1981; Onuma et al., 1998
theileriosisLast reported 1992OIE Handistatus, 2005
toxoplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
tuberculosisLast reported 1996Tsai & Chao, 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentLu et al., 1994
varroosis of honey beesPresentAratanakul & Burgett, 1975
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
white tail diseasePresentWang et al., 2008
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al., 2010
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file