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Datasheet

Trinidad and Tobago

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Trinidad and Tobago
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Area (km2): 500,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Port of Spain
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 1,333,050
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$14,480
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$19,303,960,576
  • GDP: US$20,885,733,376
  • Agriculture, value added: US$74,712,280
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 1938OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentIMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014; Elango, 1991
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)WidespreadIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982; CPPC
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionBaker, 1936; Briant, 1932; Leach, 1946; Baker & Dale, 1951; Iton, 1959; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesCMI, 1990; Lamont et al., 1917; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)WidespreadIPPC, 2012a; IPPC, 2012b; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; CMI, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2011; Krauss, 2010
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentBaker & Dale, 1951; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadAlemu et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; NHM, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentYesBacon, 1976; Darwin, 1854; Henry & McLaughlin, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; Norrbom, 2004b; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942; Greene, 1934; Norrbom, 2004a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Norrbom et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedTarpy undated; Schotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/De Barro, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSchotman, 1989; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusWidespreadNativeDando & Southward, 1980; Southward, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesAdamson, 1937
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedYesHeinemann et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams & Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)PresentNativeKramer, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesKairo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)WidespreadYaseen, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)WidespreadBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedShrimp News, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesKempf, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilornis downsiPresentDodge & Aitkin, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentMcComie, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentIntroducedYesKane et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentCobb, 1922; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentNativeSong, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCollins et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentKnutson et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeLaurence, 1987; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesDavis et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentFAO, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; CARAPHIN
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)WidespreadCooper, 1991b; Cooper, 1991a; CABI/EPPO, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadAnon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis aeneus (bronze anole)WidespreadIntroducedYesHailey et al., 2009; White et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis extremus (Barbados anole)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBoos, 1967; Boos, 1996; Boos, 1978; Charles & Smith, 2008; Hailey et al., 2009; Murphy, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis wattsi (Watts' anole)LocalisedIntroducedYesWhite & Hailey, 2006; Boos, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)LocalisedIntroducedBorghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeKrysko et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Chakalall, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionIntroducedIPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)WidespreadNativeCowie & Thiengo, 2003; Simone, 2006; Bass, 2003; Dipnarine, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentIntroducedBenson et al., 2001; DFAS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentBala, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003; CPPC
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadBala, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadBala, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadBraithwaite, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionScotto, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/Briton-Jones, 1940
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadEdmunds & Farrel, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedReed, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeBeard, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeDuncan & Lee, 2006; Richardson, 1975; Taylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeDuncan & Lee, 2006; Richardson, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Restricted distributionNativeYesFournet & Hammerton, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Fournet & Hammerton, 1991; Kasasian, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedJulien et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentYesSchotman, 1989; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesKairo et al., 2003; Acevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedIrwin & Barneby, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeMabberley, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeKirkman, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedUS National Herbarium
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedYesSingh et al., 1974; Woodson &, 1948
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedYesAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)PresentLans, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentGraham, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)LocalisedIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedAnon, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentFournet & Hammerton, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresentNativeWorld Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentFournet & Hammerton, 1991; Kasanian, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentZipcodeZoo, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)WidespreadNativeLay, 1949; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentIntroducedMyers, 1935
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentAdams et al., 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; Kairo et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; CSIRO, 1998; Dehgan, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2007; Kairo et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeMaharaj & Brathwaite, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedKairo et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedLittle & Wadsworth, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeCock, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentNativeGraveson, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Scholz, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)WidespreadNativeDale, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; Aneja et al., 1991; Mahadevappa, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Killip, 1938
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeCardenas & Coulston, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedRodriguez, 1969; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeHartemink, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWilliams, 1928
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeRoskov et al., 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; Almeda, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedStreets, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIrwin & Barneby, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentFournet & Hammerton, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Fournet & Hammerton, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativePensiero, 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Baronowski & Slater, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, unreliable recordMoldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedKairo et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativePelton, 1964; Williams & Williams, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedKairo et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedUS National Herbarium
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedHunt, 1981; Naturetrek, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentFournet & Hammerton, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentYesCardenas & Coulston, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentIntroducedBrathwaite et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusWidespreadYesTikasingh et al., 1982
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1974OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentBaker, 1938; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)WidespreadUmaharan et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusLast reported 1944OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentCamus & Barré, 1995; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxLast reported 1938OIE Handistatus, 2005
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian infectious bronchitisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
avipoxWidespreadYesTikasingh et al., 1982
babesiosisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
bluetongueLast reported 2003Thompson et al., 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine tuberculosisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
caprine arthritis encephalitisLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadAlemu et al., 2008
classical swine feverLast reported 1974OIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
enzootic bovine leukosisLast reported 1996OIE, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine piroplasmosisLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
fowl typhoidDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
glandersDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
infectious bursal diseaseNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
infectious laryngotracheitisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
leptospirosisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Newcastle diseaseLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Philornis downsi infestationPresentDodge & Aitkin, 1968
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
pullorum diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabiesLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
surraDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
toxoplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
tuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Venezuelan equine encephalitisLast reported 1944OIE Handistatus, 2005
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedJonkers et al., 1964; OIE Handistatus, 2005
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
white spot diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
AvocadosArea Harvested100Im109Im100F 95F 95F
AvocadosProduction Quantity563Im534Im480F 470F 470F
AvocadosYield56300Fc48990.8Fc48000Fc49473.7Fc49473.7Fc
BananasArea Harvested2983Im2234Im2100F 1200F 1785Im
BananasProduction Quantity8858Im8074Im7000F 4000F 6532Im
BananasYield29694.9Fc36141.4Fc33333.3Fc33333.3Fc36593.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested42Im35Im40Im50F 45F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity1113Im987Im1077Im1200F 1180F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield265000Fc282000Fc269250Fc240000Fc262222Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity
Carrots and turnipsYield
CassavaArea Harvested149Im139Im115F 110F 100F
CassavaProduction Quantity1950Im1794Im1400F 1350F 1200F
CassavaYield130872Fc129065Fc121739Fc122727Fc120000Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested56Im61Im72Im67Im73Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity286Im266Im432Im402Im497Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield51071.4Fc43606.6Fc60000Fc60000Fc68082.2Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1740A 2126A 2100A 2260A 2350A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity5109.5A 4715.1A 4667.5A 5100.8A 5384.15A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed95.5A 95.5A 104.83A 108A 110.8A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield29364.9Fc22178.3Fc22226.2Fc22569.9Fc22911.3Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1740A 2126A 2100A 2260A 2350A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5944A 5478A 5500A 5900A 6200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed95.5A 95.5A 104.83A 108A 110.8A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield34160.9Fc25766.7Fc26190.5Fc26106.2Fc26383Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested142Im153Im172Im166Im160F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity913Im784Im900Im894Im800F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield64295.8Fc51241.8Fc52325.6Fc53855.4Fc50000Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested571Im622Im569Im522Im573Im
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity5531Im5248Im4714Im3826Im4354Im
Citrus fruit, nesYield96865.1Fc84373Fc82847.1Fc73295Fc75986Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2008A 2316A 2475A 2447A 2559A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity14024A 14972A 14267A 13352A 14418A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield69840.6Fc64645.9Fc57644.4Fc54564.8Fc56342.3Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested874A 1305A 1200A 1400A 1500A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3438A 3187A 3000A 3500A 3750A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed26.22A 26.22A 39.15A 36A 42A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield39336.4Fc24421.5Fc25000Fc25000Fc25000Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested3750F 6550F 5600F 6500F 7500F
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity400* 700* 600* 700* 800*
Cocoa beansYield1066.67Fc1068.7Fc1071.43Fc1076.92Fc1066.67Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested2411Im2540Im2773Im3423Im3651Im
CoconutsProduction Quantity17812Im16635* 15615* 18000* 18000*
CoconutsYield73878.1Fc65492.1Fc56310.8Fc52585.4Fc49301.6Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested343Im350F 400F 370F 370F
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity75Im60Im51Im60* 60*
Coffee, greenYield2186.59Fc1714.29Fc1275Fc1621.62Fc1621.62Fc
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested160Im141Im140F 138Im150F
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity507Im435Im450F 45F 500F
Cow peas, drySeed1.04Fc1.04Fc0.9199999999999999Fc0.9099999999999999Fc0.9Fc
Cow peas, dryYield31687.5Fc30851.1Fc32142.9Fc3260.87Fc33333.3Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested100Im97Im112Im162Im170F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity1422Im1345Im1558Im1876Im2050F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield142200Fc138660Fc139107Fc115802Fc120588Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested157Im194Im209Im173Im156Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity3700Im3633Im4146Im3369Im2896Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield235669Fc187268Fc198373Fc194740Fc185641Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested17501A 18283A 17160A 14220A 14734A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity114171A 97108A 84797A 86301A 88387A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield65236.8Fc53113.8Fc49415.5Fc60689.9Fc59988.5Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested10306Im11222Im10265Im8500F 8200F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity75778Im61084Im50000F 57000F 55500F
Fruit Fresh NesYield73528Fc54432.4Fc48709.2Fc67058.8Fc67682.9Fc
GingerProduction Quantity169Im148Im171Im116Im137Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested198Im233Im221Im222Im240Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity1896Im2355Im2005Im2665F 2937Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield95757.6Fc101073Fc90724Fc120045Fc122375Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested438Im461Im585Im653Im716Im
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity2286Im2169Im1948Im1561Im1727Im
Lemons and limesYield52191.8Fc47049.9Fc33299.2Fc23905Fc24120.1Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested404Im441Im420Im346Im386Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity1632Im1517Im1735Im1676Im1497Im
Lettuce and chicoryYield40396Fc34399.1Fc41309.5Fc48439.3Fc38782.4Fc
MaizeArea Harvested874Im1305Im1200F 1400F 1500F
MaizeProduction Quantity3438Im3187Im3000F 3500F 3750F
MaizeSeed26.22Fc26.22Fc39.15Fc36Fc42Fc
MaizeYield39336.4Fc24421.5Fc25000Fc25000Fc25000Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested95Im99Im120F 110F 110F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity518Im565Im750F 700F 700F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield54526.3Fc57070.7Fc62500Fc63636.4Fc63636.4Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested510F 500F 480F 444Im513Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity290F 228F 200F 190Im224Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield5686.27Fc4560Fc4166.67Fc4279.28Fc4366.47Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested2411A 2540A 2773A 3423A 3651A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1424.96A 1330.8A 1249.2A 1440A 1440A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5910.24Fc5239.37Fc4504.87Fc4206.84Fc3944.12Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2411A 2540A 2773A 3423A 3651A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2315.56A 2162.55A 2029.95A 2340A 2340A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield9604.15Fc8513.98Fc7320.41Fc6836.11Fc6409.2Fc
OrangesArea Harvested801Im1000F 1100F 1050F 1030F
OrangesProduction Quantity4311Im5200F 5600F 5300F 5400F
OrangesYield53820.2Fc52000Fc50909.1Fc50476.2Fc52427.2Fc
Pigeon peasArea Harvested1272Im1279Im1350F 1172Im1100F
Pigeon peasProduction Quantity1282Im1284Im1350F 1009Im1100F
Pigeon peasSeed38.16Fc38.16Fc38.37Fc40.5Fc35.16Fc
Pigeon peasYield10078.6Fc10039.1Fc10000Fc8609.22Fc10000Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested563Im560F 600F 568Im485Im
PineapplesProduction Quantity8037Im6150F 6800F 6279Im5767Im
PineapplesYield142753Fc109821Fc113333Fc110546Fc118907Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested1446Im1743Im1500F 1300F 1500F
PlantainsProduction Quantity6393Im5729Im5500F 4500F 5000F
PlantainsYield44211.6Fc32868.6Fc36666.7Fc34615.4Fc33333.3Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested498Im540Im561Im550F 520F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity322Im232Im280F 250F 250F
Pulses, nesSeed19.92Fc19.92Fc21.6Fc22.44Fc22Fc
Pulses, nesYield6465.86Fc4296.3Fc4991.09Fc4545.45Fc4807.69Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1930A 1960A 2051A 1860A 1770A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2111A 1951A 2080A 1304A 1850A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed59.12A 59.12A 60.89A 63.85A 58.06A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield10937.8Fc9954.08Fc10141.4Fc7010.75Fc10452Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested133Im145Im170F 160F 200F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity1812Im1814Im2100F 2050F 2200F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield136241Fc125103Fc123529Fc128125Fc110000Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested866Im821Im900F 860Im850F
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity2506Im2291Im2500F 2400F 2450F
Rice, paddySeed69.28Fc69.28Fc65.68Fc72Fc68.8Fc
Rice, paddyYield28937.6Fc27905Fc27777.8Fc27907Fc28823.5Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested270Im234Im198Im170Im180F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity2434Im2065Im1825Im1471Im1500F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield90148.1Fc88247.9Fc92171.7Fc86529.4Fc83333.3Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1126A 1213A 1154A 977A 982A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity11916A 11699A 10841A 11115A 9637A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield105826Fc96446.8Fc93942.8Fc113767Fc98136.5Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested15000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity810000F
Sugar caneYield540000Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested37Im61Im60F 46Im50F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity294Im347Im380F 310F 320F
Sweet potatoesYield79459.5Fc56885.3Fc63333.3Fc67391.3Fc64000Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested495Im579Im572Im453Im480F
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity5440Im5664Im5576Im6074Im4900F
Taro (cocoyam)Yield109899Fc97823.8Fc97482.5Fc134084Fc102083Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested102Im162Im160F 150P 150F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity195Im185Im240F 225F 225F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield19117.7Fc11419.8Fc15000Fc15000Fc15000Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested139Im124Im180F 160Im150F
TomatoesProduction Quantity1963Im1660Im2150F 1760F 1800F
TomatoesYield141223Fc133871Fc119444Fc110000Fc120000Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested284Im451Im470F 447Im540F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity3687Im4112Im4200F 4218Im4700Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield129824Fc91175.2Fc89361.7Fc94362.4Fc87037Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1535A 1786A 1945A 1821A 2000A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity17636A 17172A 19548A 18545A 19070A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield114893Fc96147.8Fc100504Fc101840Fc95350Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1535A 1786A 1945A 1821A 2000A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity17636A 17172A 19548A 18545A 19070A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield114893Fc96147.8Fc100504Fc101840Fc95350Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested78Im85Im100F 90F 120F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity1108Im1054Im1250F 1100F 1450F
WatermelonsYield142051Fc124000Fc125000Fc122222Fc120833Fc
YamsArea HarvestedF Im3F 2F 2F
YamsProduction Quantity27Im29Im25F 18F 17F
YamsYield83333.3Fc90000Fc85000Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested175Im200F 206Im196Im170F
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity1771Im1800F 1635Im1892Im1700F
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield101200Fc90000Fc79368.9Fc96530.6Fc100000Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
AvocadosArea Harvested90F 85F 80F 75F 70F
AvocadosProduction Quantity460F 460F 430F 400F 380F
AvocadosYield51111.1Fc54117.7Fc53750Fc53333.3Fc54285.7Fc
BananasArea Harvested1681Im1350F 1300F 1280F 1250F
BananasProduction Quantity6798Im7000F 6800F 6700F 6500F
BananasYield40440.2Fc51851.8Fc52307.7Fc52343.8Fc52000Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested45F 45F 60F 85F 70F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity1140F 1137.8F 15752225.51780
Cabbages and other brassicasYield253333Fc252844Fc262500Fc261824Fc254286Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity
Carrots and turnipsYield
CassavaArea Harvested90F 85F 80F 75F 100F
CassavaProduction Quantity1100F 1050F 950F 9011215
CassavaYield122222Fc123529Fc118750Fc120133Fc121500Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested61Im55F 50F 40F 30F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity515Im380F 345F 277203
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield84426.2Fc69090.9Fc69000Fc69250Fc67666.7Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2000A 2050A 2200A 1750A 2600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity4534.1A 4438.69A 4147.24A 4102.11A 5885.29A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed113A 100A 99A 116A 82.5A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield22670.5Fc21652.2Fc18851.1Fc23440.6Fc22635.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2000A 2050A 2200A 1750A 2600A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5300A 5132A 4720A 4674.8A 7178A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed113A 100A 99A 116A 82.5A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield26500Fc25034.2Fc21454.5Fc26713.1Fc27607.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested163Im155F 150F 140F 135F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity644Im750F 725F 680F 656
Chillies and peppers, greenYield39509.2Fc48387.1Fc48333.3Fc48571.4Fc48592.6Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested555Im520F 500F 490F 480F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity4232Im4200F 4000F 3980F 3950F
Citrus fruit, nesYield76252.3Fc80769.2Fc80000Fc81224.5Fc82291.7Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2580A 2530A 2420A 2320A 2230A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity14781A 13900A 13250A 13030A 12845A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield57290.7Fc54940.7Fc54752.1Fc56163.8Fc57600.9Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1200A 1300A 1200A 1150A 1300A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3000A 3050A 3000A 2955A 3296A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed45A 36A 39A 36A 34.5A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield25000Fc23461.5Fc25000Fc25695.7Fc25353.8Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested15000F 9500F 12500F 9500F 14000F
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity1600* 91513219841643
Cocoa beansYield1066.67Fc963.16Fc1056.8Fc1035.79Fc1173.57Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested3126Im3335Im3300F 3000F 4000F
CoconutsProduction Quantity18000* 18000* 18000* 16500F 22000F
CoconutsYield57581.6Fc53973Fc54545.4Fc55000Fc55000Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested4400F 2100F 680F 3600F 1600F
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity720* 350F 109586247
Coffee, greenYield1636.36Fc1666.67Fc1602.94Fc1627.78Fc1543.75Fc
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested140F 130F 120F 115F 92Im
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity450F 430F 400F 395F 316Im
Cow peas, drySeed0.9800000000000001Fc0.9099999999999999Fc0.85Fc0.78Fc0.75Fc
Cow peas, dryYield32142.9Fc33076.9Fc33333.3Fc34347.8Fc34347.8Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested119Im165F 175Im150F 270F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity1492Im2000F 188918893607
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield125378Fc121212Fc107943Fc125933Fc133593Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested157Im185Im190Im165F 110F
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity3639Im3000F 297629761933
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield231783Fc162162Fc156632Fc180364Fc175727Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested14426A 13735A 13385A 10675A 10347A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity87708A 84585A 82230A 64660A 63605A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield60798.6Fc61583.6Fc61434.4Fc60571.4Fc61471.9Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested8100F 7900F 7800F 5300F 5200F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity54500F 53500F 52500F 35800F 35500F
Fruit Fresh NesYield67283.9Fc67721.5Fc67307.7Fc67547.2Fc68269.2Fc
GingerProduction Quantity141Im130Im95F 90F 87
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested282Im360F 350F 320F 300F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity3495Im2800F 2650F 2600F 2508
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield123936Fc77777.8Fc75714.3Fc81250Fc83600Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested693Im650F 600F 550F 500F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity1554Im1650F 1500F 1450F 1400F
Lemons and limesYield22424.2Fc25384.6Fc25000Fc26363.6Fc28000Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested424Im330F 320F 364Im300F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity1712Im1450F 1400F 13701391
Lettuce and chicoryYield40377.4Fc43939.4Fc43750Fc37637.4Fc46366.7Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1200F 1300F 1200F 1150F 1300F
MaizeProduction Quantity3000F 3050F 3000F 29553296
MaizeSeed45Fc36Fc39Fc36Fc34.5Fc
MaizeYield25000Fc23461.5Fc25000Fc25695.7Fc25353.8Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested100F 90F 85F 80F 75F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity600F 575F 550F 530F 480F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield60000Fc63888.9Fc64705.9Fc66250Fc64000Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested517Im492Im400F 395F 390F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity231Im212Im155F 150F 145F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield4468.09Fc4308.94Fc3875Fc3797.47Fc3717.95Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested3126A 3335A 3300A 3000A 4000A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1440A 1440A 1440A 1320A 1760A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4606.53Fc4317.84Fc4363.64Fc4400Fc4400Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3126A 3335A 3300A 3000A 4000A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2340A 2340A 2340A 2145A 2860A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield7485.6Fc7016.49Fc7090.91Fc7150Fc7150Fc
OrangesArea Harvested1050F 1000F 970F 960F 950F
OrangesProduction Quantity5500F 5250F 5100F 5000F 4987
OrangesYield52380.9Fc52500Fc52577.3Fc52083.3Fc52494.7Fc
Pigeon peasArea Harvested1000F 900F 1171Im1500F 2500F
Pigeon peasProduction Quantity1000F 952.5148714862780
Pigeon peasSeed33Fc30Fc27Fc35.13Fc45Fc
Pigeon peasYield10000Fc10583.3Fc12698.5Fc9906.67Fc11120Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested447Im380F 350F 320F 272Im
PineapplesProduction Quantity4936Im4500F 4200F 3800F 3600F
PineapplesYield110425Fc118421Fc120000Fc118750Fc132353Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested1428Im1400F 1350F 1300F 1250F
PlantainsProduction Quantity5633Im4650F 4500F 4400F 4300F
PlantainsYield39446.8Fc33214.3Fc33333.3Fc33846.2Fc34400Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested510F 500F 490F 480F 470F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity245F 240F 235F 230F 227
Pulses, nesSeed20.8Fc20.4Fc20Fc19.6Fc19.2Fc
Pulses, nesYield4803.92Fc4800Fc4795.92Fc4791.67Fc4829.79Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1650A 1530A 1781A 2095A 3062A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1695A 1622.5A 2122A 2111A 3323A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed54.78A 51.31A 47.85A 55.51A 64.95A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield10272.7Fc10604.6Fc11914.7Fc10076.4Fc10852.4Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested220F 180F 400F 500F 457Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity2700F 2171.4486257425799
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield122727Fc120633Fc121550Fc114840Fc126893Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested800F 750F 1000P 600F 1300F
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity2300F 208217201719.83882
Rice, paddySeed68Fc64Fc60Fc80Fc48Fc
Rice, paddyYield28750Fc27760Fc17200Fc28663.3Fc29861.5Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested170F 165F 160F 150F 140F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity1380F 1280F 1250F 1200F 1156
Roots and Tubers, nesYield81176.5Fc77575.8Fc78125Fc80000Fc82571.4Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested807A 932A 910A 871.6A 1081.7A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8577A 9111A 8879A 8552A 10992.5A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield106283Fc97757.5Fc97571.4Fc98118.4Fc101622Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested16000F 8000F 10000F 16000F 24500F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity860000F 420000F 535000F 8738551338930
Sugar caneYield537500Fc525000Fc535000Fc546159Fc546502Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested45F 40F 38F 35F 45F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity290F 265F 250F 222299
Sweet potatoesYield64444.4Fc66250Fc65789.5Fc63428.6Fc66444.4Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested367Im475F 470F 460F 650F
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity4495Im4850F 481447156858
Taro (cocoyam)Yield122480Fc102105Fc102426Fc102500Fc105508Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested170F 130F 120F 110F 100*
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity255F 200F 180F 165F 150*
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield15000Fc15384.6Fc15000Fc15000Fc15000Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested140F 135F 140F 150F 105F
TomatoesProduction Quantity1680F 1645.3174818111235
TomatoesYield120000Fc121874Fc124857Fc120733Fc117619Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested550F 480F 470F 460F 450F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity5000F 4500F 4300F 4150F 4050F
Vegetables fresh nesYield90909.1Fc93750Fc91489.4Fc90217.4Fc90000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1970A 1830A 2050A 2134A 1997A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity19658A 18234.5A 20970A 22120.5A 21521A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield99786.8Fc99642.1Fc102293Fc103657Fc107767Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1970A 1830A 2050A 2134A 1997A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity19658A 18234.5A 20970A 22120.5A 21521A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield99786.8Fc99642.1Fc102293Fc103657Fc107767Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested91Im100F 95F 80F 70F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity1136Im1200F 1150F 1000F 867
WatermelonsYield124835Fc120000Fc121053Fc125000Fc123857Fc
YamsArea Harvested2F 2F 2F 1.6F 1.7F
YamsProduction Quantity16F 16F 15F 1414.5
YamsYield80000Fc80000Fc75000Fc87500Fc85294.1Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested133Im165F 160F 150F 145F
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity1296Im1650F 1600F 1500F 1450F
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield97443.6Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea54Fm54Fm54Fm54Fm54Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea
Arable landArea25Fm25Fm25Fm25Fm25Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea47Fm47Fm47Fm47Fm47Fm
Country areaArea513W 513W 513W 513W 513Q
Forest areaArea225.68Fm226.4Q 227.12Fm227.84Fm228.56Fm
Land areaArea513W 513W 513W 513W 513Q
Other landArea233.32Fm232.6Fm231.88Fm231.16Fm230.44Fm
Permanent cropsArea22Fm22Fm22Fm22Fm22Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea7Fm7Fm7Fm7Fm7Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea7Fm7Fm7Fm7Fm7Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea54Fm54Fm55Fm60Fm60Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea7Q
Arable landArea25Fm25Fm26Fm30Fm30Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea47Fm47Fm48Fm53Fm53Fm
Country areaArea513Q 513W 513W 513Q 513Q
Forest areaArea229.28Fm230Q 230.72Fm231.44Fm232.16Fm
Land areaArea513Q 513W 513W 513Q 513Q
Other landArea229.72Fm229Fm227.28Fm221.56Fm220.84Fm
Permanent cropsArea22Fm22Fm22Fm23Fm23Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea7Fm7Fm7Fm7Fm7Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea7Fm7Fm7Q 6Fm6Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data