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Datasheet

Turkey

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Widespread Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Present, few occurrences Bradbury, 1986; Altundag et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Çaglayan et al., 2013.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Yalçinkaya and Keskin, 2010.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma agalactiae Present
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Serçe et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present Gazel et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; Demir, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Present YesOzturk and Aksoy, 2017.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Widespread Introduced YesMomol and Zeller, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986; Bozkurt et al., 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012; Bastas and Karakaya, 2012; EPPO, 2012a; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2007.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Absent, invalid record Guldr et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaHerdmania momus Present
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Native NoKara and Sahin, 2001.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Present Introduced YesRahe, 1987.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Uraz, 1950; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; Kurbetli, 2013; EPPO, 2014; Tok and Avci, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present Baysal-Gurel and Cinar, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Karakaya et al., 1995.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Widespread Onan and Onogur, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present Ozcelik and Ozcelik, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present Akilli et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Eken, 2003; Punithalingam, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicae Present Akata and Heluta, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Erper et al., 2012; Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Raddi et al., 1987; Sumer, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Dogmus-Lehtijärvi et al., 2007; Kaya et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Present Huseyin, 2005; Göbelez, 1963.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Ozkan and Prescott, 1972; Kinaci, 1983.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Göre, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Absent, invalid record IMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Murina, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma luctuosum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Localised Introduced NoÇinar et al., 2009; Surugiu, 2005; Çinar et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides brachyacanthus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dirampha Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegans Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides heterocerus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides homoceros Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides minax Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides operculatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta aceris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Sekeroglu and Ozgur, 1984; Can and Çobanoglu, 2010; Akyazi, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Native NoEichhorn, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present Özturk and Ulusoy, 2009; Özer and Kismali, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced YesNeu, 1935; Gonlugur-Demirci, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn) Transient: actionable, under eradication IPPC, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014; Ayberk et al., 2014; IPPC, 2016c.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983; Akyürek et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; Akyürek et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesUygun et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtergatis roseus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present Guusay et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Karut et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Karut et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Kutrup, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Velthuis, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present Göven et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Restricted distribution Kaçar and Ulusoy, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present Soyhan et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Present Mergen and Cagatay, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner) Present Öztürk et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCebeci and Acer, 2007; Cebeci et al., 2011; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea) Localised Native YesGuher, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Present Introduced Kocatas, 1981; Yokes and Galil, 2006; Yokes et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present Bayram and Tonga, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Kornosor, 1987; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Bodenheimer, 1941; CIE, 1969; Uygun et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Eastop, 1972; Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Öztürk et al., 2004; Kiziltepe et al., 2009; Basar and Yasar, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present Mutun, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present CIE, 1979; Kosztarab and Kozar, 1988; Miller and Gimpel, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Localised Introduced YesHizal, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Öztürk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesDKOA, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Restricted distribution Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present CABI, 1991; Gruber et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDociostaurus tartarus Present Mol and Zeybekoglu, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges) Present Native NoKenis et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Restricted distribution Çetgdot et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present Efil et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) Present Coskuncu and KovancI, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpilachna argus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoSteinmann, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced YesTunç and Göçmen, 1994; EPPO, 2014; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGastrodes grossipes Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015; Karaca et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Present Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Restricted distribution IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Widespread CIE, 1961; Zumreoglu, 1986; Ülgentürk et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Argyriou, 1990; Danzig and Pellizari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Ülgentürk et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeterosaccus dollfusi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Widespread Acatay, 1971; Tozlu, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoSerez, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Sarikaya and Avci, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Sullivan et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIxa monodi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Restricted distribution Gürkan and Bosgelmez, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present Arslangündogdu and Hizal, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Hizal, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Present Native YesCERIS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoÖzdikmen and Turgut, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeni Localised Native NoBacescu, 1954; Wittmann, 1995; Özbek and Ustaoglu, 2006; Wittmann, 2007; Audzijonyte et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Widespread Uygun et al., 1995; Tamer et al., 1998; Hincal et al., 2000; Martinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution Deeming, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present Gunyadin, 1972; Iren, 1972; Kisakurek, 1972; Otaci, 1972; Kacar, 1982; Atac et al., 1987; Atac et al., 1992; Erkilic and Yigit, 1992; Zeki, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread Giese and Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale) Present Native Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present Jelínek, 1967; Kismir, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present BODENHEIMER and SWIRSKI, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native Nocuhadar et al., 2000; Yaman et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Widespread Native YesWood and Bright, 1992; Mercikoglu, 2001; Bright and Skidmore, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native NoHolthuis and Gottlies, 1958; d'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Present Benyamini et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaergasilus longidigitus Unconfirmed record Fuentes et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Widespread Acatay, 1959; Yüksel, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Ulgenturk and Toros, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab) Widespread Introduced YesYokes and Galil, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Kaydan et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Ozdikmen and Caglar, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Higgins, 1983; Atalay and Hincal, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Canakcioglu, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle) Present Native YesSchimitschek, 1941; Schimitschek, 1944; Schedl, 1959; Chararas, 1978; Sekendiz, 1987; Sarikaya and Avci, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Soylu and Urel, 1977; Uygun et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominulus (European paper wasp) Present Tezcan et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Bulut et al., 2000; Can and Çobanoglu, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoides Present Native Mordukhaj-Boltovskoj, 1964; Özbek and Ustaoglu, 2006; Ozbek, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Present Introduced YesYokes et al., 2007; Gruvel, 1928; Holthuis, 1961; Kocatas and Katagan, 2003; Ozcan et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present Nizamlioglu, 1957; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Uygun et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced Warchalowski, 1976; Aslan et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Unconfirmed record Zwölfer and Harris, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Aydin and Soran, 1987; Yucel, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer) Present Eken et al., 2006; Yildiz, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Restricted distribution CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle) Widespread Native NoCFIA, 2003a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Restricted distribution Native EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Present Yuksel et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Yasarakinci and Hincal, 1996; Erdogan et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite) Present Native YesRoques et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution Erler et al., 2010; Kiliç, 2010; Unlu, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; Sahin et al., 2014; Bayram et al., 2015; Polat et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) No information available OIE, 2009; Crane, 1979; Çakmak et al., 2002b; Çakmak et al., 2003; Warrit et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoArcher, 1998; Yildirim and Kojima, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Gözel and Gözel, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervata Present Barjadze et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoBalachowsky, 1963; Schedl, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelleria oleastrella Present Kaçar and Ulusoy, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Bogutskaya, 1997; Coad, 1995; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmberboa moschata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon pharaonis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Jennings, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAtherinomorus lacunosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallionymus filamentosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelon haematocheilus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka) Present Native NoBilecenoglu et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced YesRyall, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoglossus sinusarabici Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoAlikhuni, 1966; FAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDussumieria elopsoides (slender rainbow sardine) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus far Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeniochus intermedius (Red Sea bannerfish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerklotsichthys punctatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHippocampus fuscus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Localised Introduced FAO, 1997; Cildir, 2001; Olenin et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus spadiceus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus suezensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Widespread Introduced Özcan, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoHoffman and Smith, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Native Bogutskaya, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby) Localised Native Pinchuk et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Localised Native Pinchuk et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Coad, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Innal and Erk'Akan, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagae Widespread Native Plötner et al., 2010; Akin et al., 2010b.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Absent, formerly present NoBilecenoglu et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised Native eBird, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2008; ZipCodeZoo, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Present Introduced Tok et al., 2015; Ugurtas and Yildirimhan, 2000; Hur et al., 2008; Mollov, 2009; Ilgaz et al., 2013; Tok and Cicek, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Localised Introduced Wildekamp et al., 1997; Yilmaz et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced Boyla et al., 1998; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Bogutskaya, 1997; Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Innal and Erk'Akan, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Innal and Erk'Akan, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Bogutskaya, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoBogutskaya, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Introduced Fujisaki et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Localised Introduced Tarkan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Widespread Native NoKirwan, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish) Widespread Introduced YesKideys and Gücü, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraBeroe cucumis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut) Present Shiganova, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAmphioctopus aegina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara demiri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara natalensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAntigona lamellaris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAplysia dactylomela Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Present Introduced Uysal et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonis Widespread Introduced Kinzelbach, 1985; Kinzelbach, 1985; Aartsen and Kinzelbach, 1990; Tringali and Villa, 1990; Niederhofer et al., 1991; Buzzurro and Greppi, 1996; Ergen and Çinar, 1997; Çevik and Sarihan, 2004; Çinar, 2006; Çinar, 2006; Galil, 2006; Dogan et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis pulvis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis tenthrenois Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium scabridum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama pacifica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChelidonura fulvipunctata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida fischeri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida maiae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida micronana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida pirintella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced NoReichling, 1950; Uygun and Sekeroglu, 1987; Yildirim et al., 2004; CFIA, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Çevik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCycloscala hyalina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDendrostrea frons Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present YIldIrIm and KebapçI, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiodora ruppellii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiscodoris lilacina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Native YesAksu et al., 2017; ISSG, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaErgalatax obscura Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFinella pupoides Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFlabellina rubrolineata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFulvia fragilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGafrarium pectinatum (ribbed venus) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGibborissoa virgata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaminoea cyanomarginata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHinemoa cylindrica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHypselodoris infucata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIndothais lacera Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIolaea neofelixoides Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaKrynickillus melanocephalus Present Korol and Korniushin, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoRähle, 1992b; Schütt, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Native Hickman, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Localised Introduced YesMutlu, 2013; Kinzelbach, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Localised Introduced Kalyoncu et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Localised Introduced YesFischer-Piette, 1960.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Taylor, 1906-1914; Cowie, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Present Introduced YesGenç et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode) Present Kepenekci, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution Okten, 1988; Enneli and Ozturk, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesEnneli and Öztürk, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesEnneli and Öztürk, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Mennan et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present Aydinli et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Bora, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Akgül and Ökten, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Elekcioglu et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Present Kepenekci, 2014; Kepenekci et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Tekinel et al., 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Aydogdu et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularis Present
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea Present Introduced YesTolay et al., 2001a; Tolay et al., 2001b.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa scalpelliformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesGuiry and Guiry, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria collinsiana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Cirik et al., 1990; Taskin et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Present Native NoGómez et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Restricted distribution Introduced YesUremis and Uygur, 1999; Uremis and Uygur, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Akanil and Middleton, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced Karaca et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha australis Present Brundu et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthus spinosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Introduced Cobanoglu, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native Rhoads and Block , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea grandifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Widespread Native YesSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present NoDavis, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Present Native NoILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subhirsutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native Yaltirik, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2008; Hepworth and Tezel, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendlei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native Med-Checklist, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993; Greuter and Burdet, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Byfield and Baytop, 1998; EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Bischof, 1978; Holm et al., 1991; Tepe et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera intermedia (interrupted windgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interrupta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australis Present Cimalová, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe) Present Native No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnebia decumbens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum maculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Richardson and Smythies, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus falcatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus galegiformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoidea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena clauda Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena eriantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Uzun, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota acetabulosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota pseudodictamnus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea verna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBellevalia trifoliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radians Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didyma Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoreava orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Widespread Native NoDavis, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome) Present Cimalová, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Cooper and Moerkerk, 2000; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980; Kostivkovsky and Young, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia cretica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Native Davis, 1988; Kandemir and Türkmen, 2008; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepeta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina laxa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna variabilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarthamus glaucus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea depressa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Widespread Native NoWagenitz, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala Present Native Wagenitz, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Absent, formerly present Introduced NoWagenitz, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Widespread Native YesRosenthal et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria gigantea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transsylvanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Bates et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe major Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum temulum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979; Kaya and Zengin, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Widespread Native Rechinger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus betonicifolius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorchorus depressus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster niger Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis dioscoridis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacintha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus speciosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native Kupicha, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphitica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Weeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread YesTutin et al., 1980; Tepe et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present EPPO, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus glomeratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoDavis, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus carthusianorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrocephala integrifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferruginea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis viminea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014; Pohl et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Native NoGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Uremis et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Native NoGokturk et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Kismali, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Present Native Davis, 1967; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythronium dens-canis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lagascae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinites Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Korkut and Kasa, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago vulgaris Present Cimalová, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Godwin, 1943.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGahnia aspera subsp. globosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus ikariae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus plicatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus reginae-olgae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Restricted distribution Native USDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Restricted distribution Native NoGibbs and Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana lutea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana septemfida Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratense Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium psilostemon Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Native Davis, 1965-1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila viscosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindrica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (Mediterranean seagrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed) Present Native Fröberg, 2010; Ahmad, 2013; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed) Present Native NoGuner, 1983; Davis et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Restricted distribution Native NoGottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Restricted distribution Native NoGottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Native GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolosteum umbellatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranae Present, few occurrences Native Catling et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ramiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum hircinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca saligna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia iberica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Karasu et al., 1979; Arslan et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Wangerin and Schr÷ter, 1937.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; Cimalová, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Brundu et al., 2011; Scholz and Byfield, 2000; EPPO Executive Committee, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Bates et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Candolle Ade, 1885; Sönmez et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort) Localised Native Kaya et al., 2009; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Danin, 1975; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Present Chater and Webb, 1972; Holm et al., 1979; Aksoy et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Holm et al., 1979; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced YesParker, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Widespread Introduced YesByfield and Baytop, 1998; Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Townsend et al., 1968; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present NoBoydak, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Present Introduced Güner, 1984; Brundu et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Gönen et al., 2000; Bükün, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Parthasarathy et al., 2008; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Introduced Tilki and Ugurlu, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced Ugenc, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Present Introduced Ugenc, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Cobanoglu, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979; Basaran et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native Euro+Med Plantbase, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Tepe et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Demirci and Gene, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Walters, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla recta Present Skuhravá et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (Scarlet firethorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron) Widespread Native YesAnsin and Terzioglu, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesGovaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present NoAlpinar et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Native NoValdes and Scholz, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Present Native Davis, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Davis, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Wang et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Terzioglu and Ansin, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Restricted distribution Introduced YesTerzioglu et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Baser and Malyer, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Widespread Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Restricted distribution Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Abak and Düzenli, 1989; Demirci et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Pohl et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Cook, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Restricted distribution Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Davis, 1985; IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Euro+Med, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Tonguç Yayintas, 2009.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Localised Balech, 1995.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergens Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoMarzal et al., 2011.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulata Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Makkouk et al., 1990.
Virusbluetongue virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Yilmaz and Ozaslan, 1989; Fidan and Yorganci, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Bente et al., 2013.
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; Wisler et al., 1998; Rubio et al., 1999.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; Martelli et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
Virusequine arteritis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virus Present Katul et al., 1993.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Yilmaz et al., 1997; Koklu et al., 1998.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004d; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Köklü and Yilmaz, 2006.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Güldür and Çaglar, 2006; Sevik, 2011.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Restricted distribution Introduced NoRoy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; Akbas et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2014; Bostan et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRice yellow mottle virus Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2010; Köklü and YIlmaz, 2004.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Morris, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present Native NoBremer, 1971; Stenger et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness No information available OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Akabane virus infection Present Anon., 1999a.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis No information available Hoffmann et al., 1971; cetindag, 1996; Sayin et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Present Introduced YesGenç et al., 2005.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009; , 1971; özkam et al., 1993; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Present Haziroglu et al., 1994.
Aujeszky's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Girgan, 1982.
avian bordetellosis Present Türkyilmaz et al., 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009; Ergün and Erturun, 1993.
avian trichomoniasis Present Aydin et al., 2000.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis No information available OIE, 2009; Ckmak et al., 1991; Cakmak and Öz, 1993; Eren, 1993; Hatice, 1993.
Bibersteinia trehalosi infections Present Güler et al., 1996; Kaya and Kirkan, 1999.
blackleg Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Taylor et al., 1985; Burgu et al., 1992; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available McNeil et al., 1949; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Aydogdu et al., 2003.
botulism Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Widespread Burgu and Akca, 1982; Burgu and Toker, 1985; öztürk and Toker, 1988; YonguÇ et al., 1988.
bovine anaplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Alkan, 1998.
bovine ephemeral fever Present Tonbak et al., 2013.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Yilmaz and Yesilbag, 2008.
bovine papillomatosis Present Pamukcu, 1963; Özkul and Aydin, 1996.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Oztürk and Yavru, 1988; Oztürk and Duman, 1992; Ozdarendeli et al., 1997.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Burgu et al., 1990.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009; Kenar, 1991.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009; Kiran et al., 1997.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009; Türütoglu, 1992.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available Erganis et al., 1990; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium novyi infections Widespread özyer, 1995.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Last reported Gozun and Kiran, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Clostridium septicum bacteraemia Localised Bekar et al., 1993.
coccidiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available Cabalar et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Present Introduced YesRahe, 1987; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Bente et al., 2013.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Yucel et al., 2000; Inceboz et al., 2002; Aksoy et al., 2003; Atambay et al., 2003; Celiksoz and Celik, 2003; Dirim et al., 2003; Kutukculer et al., 2003; Pasa and Ulutas, 2003; Sari et al., 2003; Ulutas and Voyvoda, 2004.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
Echinococcus multilocularis Present
enteric redmouth disease Present Karatas et al., 2004.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis No information available OIE, 2009; Uysal et al., 1998; Carli et al., 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Genc, 1997.
European foulbrood Present Yalçinkaya and Keskin, 2010; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Ozkoc and, 1974.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Arda et al., 1989; özdemir, 1992; Diker et al., 1994; Kaya et al., 1995; Haziroglu et al., 1997; Saglam et al., 1998.
haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater No information available OIE, 2009.
horse pox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Candan, 2002.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitis Present Kaya et al., 1998.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumonia Sen and Albay, 2003; Icen et al., 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Toz et al., 2013; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available Uraz and Yucel, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Yener et al., 2001.
Marek's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009; Otlu et al., 1997.
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infections Present Ak et al., 1993.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Present sahin, 1997.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Present özdemir and Türkarslan, 1998.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Bergonier and Poumarat, 1996.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Coskun et al., 2000.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2004d.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009; Alibasoglu et al., 1973; Vural and Atala, 1988.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoMarzal et al., 2011.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis No information available Metin et al., 1988; Kiran, 1993; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever No information available Native Cetinkaya et al., 2000; Ongor et al., 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie No information available OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 2009; Fernandez, 1991; OIE, 1992; OIE, 1999.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Heidimli and Uaar, 1999; Vural et al., 1999.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Yesildere et al., 1994.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Seyrek-Intas, 1995.
Theileria annulata infections Present Mimioglu, 1977; Sayin, 1991; OIE, 1998.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Altay et al., 2008.
theileriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
torovirus infections Present Gülaçti et al., 2014.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Present Erdem et al., 2014; OIE, 2009; Büyük et al., 2012.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009; Aydin and Gürbüz, 1996.
Ureaplasma infections Present Türkarslan, 1988.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009; Crane, 1979; Çakmak et al., 2002b; Çakmak et al., 2003; Warrit et al., 2004.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi No information available OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 20504 17148 17040 17150 17585
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 69838 55398 54844 52774 50753
Almonds, with shell Yield 34060.7 Fc 32305.8 Fc 32185.5 Fc 30772 Fc 28861.5 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 21154 18135 11918 11880 12291
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 14879 13992 9472 8594 8006
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 7033.66 Fc 7715.47 Fc 7947.64 Fc 7234.01 Fc 6513.71 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 142408 165078 133200 129700 127700
Apples Production Quantity 2680080 2600000 2782370 2504490 2457850
Apples Yield 188197 Fc 157501 Fc 208887 Fc 193099 Fc 192471 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 59696 59801 59000 58000 55200
Apricots Production Quantity 676138 476132 695364 750574 589732
Apricots Yield 113264 Fc 79619.4 Fc 117858 Fc 129409 Fc 106836 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 2444 Im 2400 F 2900 F 3000 F 2800 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 33460 29070 34859 36320 33807
Artichokes Yield 136907 Fc 121125 Fc 120203 Fc 121067 Fc 120739 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 6 Im 7 F 5 F 3 F 3 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 13 * 25 * 18 10 29 *
Asparagus Yield 21666.7 Fc 35714.3 Fc 36000 Fc 33333.3 Fc 96666.7 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 153 * 146 146 F 120 F 120 F
Avocados Production Quantity 1316 1207 1169 958 931
Avocados Yield 86013.1 Fc 82671.2 Fc 80068.5 Fc 79833.3 Fc 77583.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 4507 4428 4334 4326 4410
Bananas Production Quantity 206501 210178 204517 201115 189107
Bananas Yield 458178 Fc 474657 Fc 471890 Fc 464898 Fc 428814 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2868830 3040000 3010000 2950000 3428020
Barley Production Quantity 7600000 7250000 7300000 5923000 7306800
Barley Seed 599960 Fc 599960 Fc 599960 Fc 595467 Fc 546438 Fc
Barley Yield 26491.6 Fc 23848.7 Fc 24252.5 Fc 20078 Fc 21314.9 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 94625 103255 97451 97848 109250
Beans, dry Production Quantity 200673 212758 181205 154630 154243
Beans, dry Seed 10325.5 Fc 10325.5 Fc 10325.5 Fc 9745.1 Fc 9784.8 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 21207.2 Fc 20605.1 Fc 18594.5 Fc 15803.1 Fc 14118.4 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 65652 Im 70000 F 72000 F 67000 F 63000 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 614948 587967 603653 563056 519968
Beans, green Yield 93667.8 Fc 83995.3 Fc 83840.7 Fc 84038.2 Fc 82534.6 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 8183 * 8255 * 7970 * 7660 * 6980 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 78702 77076 69962 67190 63768
Berries Nes Yield 96177.4 Fc 93368.9 Fc 87781.7 Fc 87715.4 Fc 91358.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 7442 8291 9383 10261 10846
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 19678 19898 21150 20668 21043
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 1658.2 Fc 1658.2 Fc 1658.2 Fc 1876.6 Fc 2052.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 26441.8 Fc 23999.5 Fc 22540.8 Fc 20142.3 Fc 19401.6 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 28954 Im 30000 F 30622 Im 32000 F 31000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 710056 693002 706855 674617 647678
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 245236 Fc 231001 Fc 230832 Fc 210818 Fc 208928 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 20 55 41 13 58
Canary seed Production Quantity 30 83 61 17 62
Canary seed Seed 0.04 Fc 0.8 Fc 2.2 Fc 1.64 Fc 0.52 Fc
Canary seed Yield 15000 Fc 15090.9 Fc 14878 Fc 13076.9 Fc 10689.7 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 2910 * 2570 * 2850 * 2850 * 2390 *
Carobs Production Quantity 13972 14172 14413 12097 12161
Carobs Yield 48013.8 Fc 55144 Fc 50571.9 Fc 42445.6 Fc 50882.8 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 24669 Im 28000 F 31471 Im 31000 F 32000 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 602078 533253 593628 591538 641953
Carrots and turnips Yield 244063 Fc 190448 Fc 188627 Fc 190819 Fc 200610 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 8110 Im 8000 F 7500 F 6893 Im 7000 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 162134 158579 157051 150843 135145
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 199919 Fc 198224 Fc 209401 Fc 218835 Fc 193064 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 11899900 A 12095800 A 12061800 A 11982300 A 12396900 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 34895400 A 32478500 A 33319900 A 29029100 A 29034200 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 2175150 A 2175150 A 2174540 A 2164970 A 2106710 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 29324 Fc 26851 Fc 27624.3 Fc 24226.5 Fc 23420.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11899900 A 12095800 A 12061800 A 11982300 A 12396900 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35195100 A 32764900 A 33569600 A 29279900 A 29250000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 2175150 A 2175150 A 2174540 A 2164970 A 2106710 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 29575.9 Fc 27087.8 Fc 27831.4 Fc 24435.9 Fc 23594.7 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 45246 42054 37900 35800 34400
Cherries Production Quantity 438550 417905 417694 338361 398141
Cherries Yield 96925.7 Fc 99373.4 Fc 110210 Fc 94514.3 Fc 115739 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 38460 38400 39040 38980 38960
Chestnuts Production Quantity 60270 59171 61697 55395 55100
Chestnuts Yield 15670.8 Fc 15409.1 Fc 15803.5 Fc 14211.1 Fc 14142.7 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 446413 446218 454928 486199 503674
Chick peas Production Quantity 487477 530634 562564 518026 505366
Chick peas Seed 53546.2 Fc 53546.2 Fc 53546.2 Fc 54591.4 Fc 58343.9 Fc
Chick peas Yield 10919.9 Fc 11891.8 Fc 12366 Fc 10654.6 Fc 10033.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 6999 Im 6000 F 6557 Im 5222 Im 5116 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 15951 Im 15000 F 20824 Im 12356 Im 12512 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 22790.4 Fc 25000 Fc 31758.4 Fc 23661.4 Fc 24456.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 93826 Im 99000 F 90000 F 79496 Im 87212 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1975270 1986700 1837000 1796180 1759220
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 210525 Fc 200677 Fc 204111 Fc 225946 Fc 201718 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 153 157 180 170 180
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2170 2346 2901 3090 2972
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 141830 Fc 149427 Fc 161167 Fc 181765 Fc 165111 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 100397 A 101251 A 100540 A 98250 A 95250 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3613770 A 3572380 A 3513770 A 3026940 A 2988670 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 359948 Fc 352824 Fc 349490 Fc 308086 Fc 313771 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3704520 A 3893440 A 3865360 A 3792860 A 4205360 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12495100 A 12230900 A 12219600 A 10744600 A 11368000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 697188 A 697189 A 697190 A 688867 A 637848 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 33729.2 Fc 31414 Fc 31613.2 Fc 28328.5 Fc 27032.2 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 954600 816705 638250 673000 867716
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1527360 1272800 1021200 1077440 1320830
Cottonseed Seed 32520 Fc 32520 Fc 28826.3 Fc 25192.4 Fc 29693.5 Fc
Cranberries Production Quantity 76 Im 74 Im 75 Im 68 Im 65 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 62746 Im 58957 Im 60000 F 57495 Im 59000 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1749170 1739190 1735010 1678770 1674580
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 278770 Fc 294993 Fc 289168 Fc 291985 Fc 283827 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 7104 Im 7300 F 7040 * 6780 * 6700 *
Dates Production Quantity 28295 26277 25281 24302 23713
Dates Yield 39829.7 Fc 35995.9 Fc 35910.5 Fc 35843.7 Fc 35392.5 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 25355 Im 28000 F 31187 Im 31000 F 33000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 821770 846998 816134 813686 863737
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 324106 Fc 302499 Fc 261690 Fc 262479 Fc 261738 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 542020 A 480459 A 419880 A 494921 A 529908 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 954613 A 816718 A 638255 A 673022 A 867760 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 17612.1 Fc 16998.7 Fc 15200.9 Fc 13598.6 Fc 16375.7 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 58694 58131 58356 57944 61594
Figs Production Quantity 260508 254838 244351 205067 210152
Figs Yield 44384.1 Fc 43838.6 Fc 41872.5 Fc 35390.6 Fc 34118.9 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 3 F 3 1 1 6
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1059370 A 1088150 A 1055130 A 1042700 A 1034440 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14388200 A 13945600 A 14222900 A 12927000 A 12362400 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 135818 Fc 128158 Fc 134798 Fc 123977 Fc 119508 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1720 Im 1767 * 1830 * 1810 * 1800 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 16416 16474 17191 16929 16632
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 95441.9 Fc 93231.5 Fc 93939.9 Fc 93530.4 Fc 92400 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 23270 * 21435 * 16972 * 13389 * 12035 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 217572 208502 170963 127760 106560
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 93498.9 Fc 97271.8 Fc 100732 Fc 95421.6 Fc 88541.8 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 9694 Im 9510 12000 F 11000 11100
Garlic Production Quantity 79203 76936 105363 104970 98195
Garlic Yield 81703.1 Fc 80900.1 Fc 87802.5 Fc 95427.3 Fc 88464 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 3967 3820 3780 3750 3730
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 218988 213768 190973 167765 162621
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 552024 Fc 559602 Fc 505220 Fc 447373 Fc 435981 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 472545 477786 479024 482789 484610
Grapes Production Quantity 4296350 4255000 4264720 3918440 3612780
Grapes Yield 90919.4 Fc 89056.6 Fc 89029.4 Fc 81162.6 Fc 74550.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 25471 27440 25335 24830 25942
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 90416 97310 90081 85274 86409
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 2744 Fc 2744 Fc 2744 Fc 2533.5 Fc 2483 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 35497.6 Fc 35462.8 Fc 35555.9 Fc 34343.1 Fc 33308.5 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 400000 F 432439 421108 412468 433920
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 430000 600000 500000 800791 530000
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 10750 Fc 13874.8 Fc 11873.4 Fc 19414.6 Fc 12214.2 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 20 F 20 * 7 30 56
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 10 F 10 4 21 38
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 5000 Fc 5000 Fc 5714.29 Fc 7000 Fc 6785.71 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 16 22 66 29 56
Hempseed Production Quantity 8 10 30 * 12 24
Hempseed Seed 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc
Hempseed Yield 5000 Fc 4545.45 Fc 4545.45 Fc 4137.93 Fc 4285.71 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 21410 Im 22000 F 20000 F 18000 F 15000 F
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 29231 26554 23689 19530 15242
Kiwi fruit Yield 13653 Fc 12070 Fc 11844.5 Fc 10850 Fc 10161.3 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 10278 Im 10200 F 7904 Im 10559 Im 11000 F
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 246144 244812 251120 252286 256397
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 239486 Fc 240012 Fc 317713 Fc 238930 Fc 233088 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 5043 Im 6000 F 6300 F 6000 F 6300 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 41962 41929 44389 42885 46153
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 83208.4 Fc 69881.7 Fc 70458.7 Fc 71475 Fc 73258.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 20817 20920 21160 20930 20820
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 790211 787063 783587 672452 651767
Lemons and limes Yield 379599 Fc 376225 Fc 370315 Fc 321286 Fc 313049 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 214847 234378 210287 196068 389470
Lentils Production Quantity 405952 447400 302181 131188 535181
Lentils Seed 18750.2 Fc 18750.2 Fc 18750.2 Fc 17194.5 Fc 25493.9 Fc
Lentils Yield 18894.9 Fc 19088.8 Fc 14369.9 Fc 6690.94 Fc 13741.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 12307 Im 17900 F 21675 Im 23000 F 22000 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 424252 419298 438038 439641 428059
Lettuce and chicory Yield 344724 Fc 234245 Fc 202094 Fc 191148 Fc 194572 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 15 Im 10 20 67 81
Linseed Production Quantity 3 F 3 10 * 40 48
Linseed Seed 0.5 Fc 0.5 Fc 0.5 Fc 1 Fc 3.35 Fc
Linseed Yield 2000 Fc 3000 Fc 5000 Fc 5970.15 Fc 5925.93 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 589000 593552 591279 593710 516960
Maize Production Quantity 4200000 4310000 4250000 4274000 3535000
Maize Seed 48000 F 48000 F 48000 * 47000 * 48000 *
Maize Yield 71307.3 Fc 72613.7 Fc 71878.1 Fc 71988 Fc 68380.5 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Millet Area Harvested 2672 2933 3280 3634 3473
Millet Production Quantity 6253 6772 7171 6995 7094
Millet Seed 87.99 Fc 87.99 Fc 87.99 Fc 98.4 Fc 109.02 Fc
Millet Yield 23402 Fc 23089 Fc 21862.8 Fc 19248.8 Fc 20426.1 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 670 731 1043 2897 3145
Mixed grain Production Quantity 1005 1100 1673 4126 2826
Mixed grain Seed 140 F 140 F 140 * 200 * 600 *
Mixed grain Yield 15000 Fc 15047.9 Fc 16040.3 Fc 14242.3 Fc 8985.69 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 27058 21559 19501 26526 23426
Mustard seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Mustard seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Mustard seed Yield
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1071 Im 1023 Im 1000 F 940 Im 970 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2442 Im 2914 Im 2500 F 2188 Im 1841 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 22801.1 Fc 28484.8 Fc 25000 Fc 23276.6 Fc 18979.4 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 85863 88390 92778 91036 94477
Oats Production Quantity 218040 203870 218286 196099 189099
Oats Seed 17600 F 17600 F 17600 * 14800 * 14400 *
Oats Yield 25393.9 Fc 23064.8 Fc 23527.8 Fc 21540.8 Fc 20015.3 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1371180 A 1301160 A 1170920 A 1189110 A 1185750 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1619500 A 1485550 A 1191090 A 1146020 A 1165670 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 29047.2 A 29047.2 A 27202.8 A 23492.9 A 25424.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 11811 Fc 11417.2 Fc 10172.3 Fc 9637.57 Fc 9830.68 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2169670 A 2085190 A 1949330 A 1963480 A 1880540 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1291340 A 1177170 A 989449 A 981049 A 854152 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 14700.1 A 14700.1 A 14142.4 A 12582.4 A 13095.6 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5951.77 Fc 5645.39 Fc 5075.84 Fc 4996.47 Fc 4542.06 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 6831 Im 6900 F 7300 F 7200 F 5960 Im
Okra Production Quantity 36662 36748 38432 37543 36992
Okra Yield 53670 Fc 53258 Fc 52646.6 Fc 52143.1 Fc 62067.1 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 798493 784031 778413 774370 694793
Olives Production Quantity 1750000 1415000 1290650 1464250 1075850
Olives Yield 21916.3 Fc 18047.8 Fc 16580.5 Fc 18908.9 Fc 15484.5 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 20366 Im 21700 F 20173 Im 20000 F 21000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 153823 165478 169271 168223 185140
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 75529.3 Fc 76257.1 Fc 83909.7 Fc 84111.5 Fc 88161.9 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 65418 Im 62688 65000 F 75000 F 64877
Onions, dry Production Quantity 2141370 1900000 1849580 2007120 1859440
Onions, dry Yield 327337 Fc 303088 Fc 284551 Fc 267616 Fc 286610 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 43160 44727 44650 43480 40730
Oranges Production Quantity 1730150 1710500 1689920 1427160 1426970
Oranges Yield 400869 Fc 382431 Fc 378482 Fc 328234 Fc 350349 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 83704 Im 95000 F 103000 F 105000 F 103000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1647990 1611700 1679190 1749940 1661130
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 196883 Fc 169653 Fc 163028 Fc 166661 Fc 161275 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 26894 28773 27900 28200 29400
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 545902 534903 547219 551906 539435
Peaches and nectarines Yield 202983 Fc 185904 Fc 196136 Fc 195711 Fc 183481 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 20902 20252 33060 32920 33400
Pears Production Quantity 386382 380003 384244 355476 356281
Pears Yield 184854 Fc 187637 Fc 116226 Fc 107982 Fc 106671 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1305 1154 1228 1365 1297
Peas, dry Production Quantity 3628 3200 3604 3920 3503
Peas, dry Seed 115.4 Fc 115.4 Fc 115.4 Fc 122.8 Fc 136.5 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 27800.8 Fc 27729.6 Fc 29348.5 Fc 28718 Fc 27008.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 15538 Im 13000 F 14000 F 13000 F 12000 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 103787 90191 95046 88828 87743
Peas, green Yield 66795.6 Fc 69377.7 Fc 67890 Fc 68329.2 Fc 73119.2 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 43508 42310 43063 40954 40663
Pistachios Production Quantity 112000 128000 81795 120113 73416
Pistachios Yield 25742.4 Fc 30252.9 Fc 18994.3 Fc 29328.8 Fc 18054.7 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 19658 19540 19400 19400 19340
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 268696 240806 245782 248185 240874
Plums and sloes Yield 136685 Fc 123237 Fc 126692 Fc 127930 Fc 124547 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 54911 51897 48893 20043 24586
Poppy seed Production Quantity 45077 36910 34194 10834 8981
Poppy seed Yield 8209.1 Fc 7112.16 Fc 6993.64 Fc 5405.38 Fc 3652.89 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 142985 140665 142684 147812 152512
Potatoes Production Quantity 4613070 4548090 4397710 4196520 4246210
Potatoes Seed 281000 F 281000 * 286000 * 296000 * 305000 *
Potatoes Yield 322626 Fc 323328 Fc 308213 Fc 283909 Fc 278418 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 8324 8324 9713 20936 20481
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 9029 9316 10135 20829 21623
Pulses, nes Yield 10847 Fc 11191.7 Fc 10434.5 Fc 9948.89 Fc 10557.6 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 855272 A 897190 A 905533 A 919765 A 1146950 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1234280 A 1344880 A 1237240 A 960328 A 1385380 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 92996.8 A 92996.8 A 92996.8 A 94559.3 A 105449 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 14431.4 Fc 14989.9 Fc 13663.1 Fc 10441 Fc 12078.8 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 24980 Im 24000 F 23000 F 22000 F 20000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 410804 430402 411942 378706 337882
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 164453 Fc 179334 Fc 179105 Fc 172139 Fc 168941 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 10493 10233 9800 10000 10080
Quinces Production Quantity 127767 121085 96282 95395 95015
Quinces Yield 121764 Fc 118328 Fc 98246.9 Fc 95395 Fc 94260.9 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 26830 31232 32709 27878 10403
Rapeseed Production Quantity 91239 106450 113886 83965 28727
Rapeseed Seed 312.32 Fc 312.32 Fc 312.32 Fc 327.09 Fc 278.78 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 34006.3 Fc 34083.6 Fc 34817.9 Fc 30118.7 Fc 27614.2 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 99400 98966 96441 99493 93799
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 900000 860000 750000 753325 648000
Rice, paddy Seed 19351 F 19351 F 19351 19900 11268
Rice, paddy Yield 90543.3 Fc 86898.5 Fc 77767.8 Fc 75716.4 Fc 69083.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143568 A 141242 A 143266 A 147890 A 152554 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4613950 A 4548960 A 4398610 A 4196660 A 4246280 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 281000 A 281000 A 286000 A 296000 A 305000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 321378 Fc 322069 Fc 307024 Fc 283769 Fc 278346 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 127653 140905 138488 124137 131700
Rye Production Quantity 365750 365560 343330 246521 240540
Rye Seed 28000 F 28000 F 28000 * 28000 * 25000 *
Rye Yield 28651.9 Fc 25943.7 Fc 24791.3 Fc 19858.8 Fc 18264.2 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 13167 13498 21515 5385 1694
Safflower seed Production Quantity 18228 26000 20076 7068 2280
Safflower seed Seed 202.47 Fc 202.47 Fc 202.47 Fc 322.73 Fc 80.78 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 13843.7 Fc 19262.1 Fc 9331.16 Fc 13125.4 Fc 13459.3 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 542000 480439 419873 494891 529852
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2580000 2150000 1725000 1820000 2275000
Seed cotton Yield 47601.5 Fc 44750.7 Fc 41083.8 Fc 36775.8 Fc 42936.5 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 26646 31804 28017 28589 29780
Sesame seed Production Quantity 18000 23460 21036 20338 20010
Sesame seed Seed 399.69 Fc 399.69 Fc 477.06 Fc 420.26 Fc 428.84 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6755.24 Fc 7376.43 Fc 7508.3 Fc 7113.92 Fc 6719.27 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 26 31 76 37 36
Sorghum Production Quantity 180 220 390 114 116
Sorghum Yield 69230.8 Fc 70967.7 Fc 51315.8 Fc 30810.8 Fc 32222.2 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 17895 22335 20110 19800 19500
Sour cherries Production Quantity 182234 194989 192705 185435 180917
Sour cherries Yield 101835 Fc 87302 Fc 95825.5 Fc 93654 Fc 92777.9 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 26421 23472 10512 9444 8675
Soybeans Production Quantity 102260 86540 38442 34461 30666
Soybeans Seed 2347.2 Fc 2347.2 Fc 2347.2 Fc 1051.2 Fc 944.4 Fc
Soybeans Yield 38704.1 Fc 36869.5 Fc 36569.6 Fc 36489.8 Fc 35349.9 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 42926 Im 36800 37340 35184 32315
Spices, nes Production Quantity 113783 Im 107000 * 99881 * 78961 81722
Spices, nes Yield 26506.8 Fc 29076.1 Fc 26749.1 Fc 22442.3 Fc 25289.2 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 23962 Im 23000 F 24000 F 24319 Im 24000 F
Spinach Production Quantity 221632 218291 225343 225746 235731
Spinach Yield 92493.1 Fc 94909.1 Fc 93892.9 Fc 92827 Fc 98221.3 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 3320 * 3340 * 3550 * 3680 * 3650 *
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 17332 17117 19169 15696 14046
Stone fruit, nes Yield 52204.8 Fc 51248.5 Fc 53997.2 Fc 42652.2 Fc 38482.2 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 11967 11679 12150 11279 10880
Strawberries Production Quantity 302416 299940 291996 261078 250316
Strawberries Yield 252708 Fc 256820 Fc 240326 Fc 231473 Fc 230070 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 7696 Im 8200 F 9500 F 8100 F 8000 F
String beans Production Quantity 78871 70614 69051 59392 58710
String beans Yield 102483 Fc 86114.6 Fc 72685.3 Fc 73323.5 Fc 73387.5 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 297265 328651 323970 320731 298869
Sugar beet Production Quantity 16126500 17942100 17274700 15488300 12414700
Sugar beet Yield 542496 Fc 545932 Fc 533219 Fc 482906 Fc 415389 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 655700 641343 583979 577958 554678
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1335000 1320000 1057130 992000 854407
Sunflower seed Seed 19240.3 Fc 19240.3 Fc 19240.3 Fc 17519.4 Fc 17338.7 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 20359.9 Fc 20581.8 Fc 18102.2 Fc 17163.9 Fc 15403.7 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 32300 31627 30770 29920 29790
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 872251 858699 846390 756473 744339
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 270047 Fc 271508 Fc 275070 Fc 252832 Fc 249862 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 583 577 582 78 42
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 883 873 898 140 66
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 15145.8 Fc 15130 Fc 15429.5 Fc 17948.7 Fc 15714.3 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 75890 75851 75851 75826 76580
Tea Production Quantity 221600 235000 198601 198046 206160
Tea Yield 29200.2 Fc 30981.8 Fc 26183 Fc 26118.5 Fc 26920.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 80000 F 80977 139431 146874 144904
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 45000 55000 85000 93403 74584
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 5625 Fc 6792.05 Fc 6096.21 Fc 6359.4 Fc 5147.13 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 269584 Im 304000 F 330507 Im 300000 F 226667 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 11003400 10052000 10745600 10985400 9945040
Tomatoes Yield 408162 Fc 330658 Fc 325125 Fc 366180 Fc 438751 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 598502 A 622003 A 607784 A 595409 A 614215 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 857790 A 1023630 A 878134 A 1202160 A 883682 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 14332.3 Fc 16456.9 Fc 14448.1 Fc 20190.5 Fc 14387.2 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 29783 26844 28373 27391 27494
Triticale Production Quantity 103797 93270 98716 93723 86476
Triticale Seed 3400 F 3400 F 3400 F 3300 F 3300 F
Triticale Yield 34851.1 Fc 34745.2 Fc 34792.2 Fc 34216.7 Fc 31452.7 Fc
Vanilla Production Quantity 287 Im 270 Im 244 Im 195 Im 200 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 12410 Im 13223 Im 13444 Im 13584 Im 13451 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 256275 263158 265259 261462 248910
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 206507 Fc 199015 Fc 197307 Fc 192478 Fc 185049 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1025590 A 1089690 A 1132000 A 1086650 A 1000140 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 27406600 A 25901000 A 26701500 A 27136000 A 25581700 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 267228 Fc 237693 Fc 235879 Fc 249722 Fc 255781 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1025590 A 1089690 A 1132000 A 1086650 A 1000140 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 27406600 A 25901000 A 26701500 A 27136000 A 25581700 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 267228 Fc 237693 Fc 235879 Fc 249722 Fc 255781 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 82316 95570 122543 107088 111933
Vetches Production Quantity 107844 121676 156401 111067 144418
Vetches Seed 8601.3 Fc 8601.3 Fc 8601.3 Fc 11028.9 Fc 9637.92 Fc
Vetches Yield 13101.2 Fc 12731.6 Fc 12763 Fc 10371.6 Fc 12902.2 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 94959 Im 90683 86533 84917 82117
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 183240 178142 177298 170897 172572
Walnuts, with shell Yield 19296.8 Fc 19644.5 Fc 20489.1 Fc 20125.2 Fc 21015.4 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 146018 Im 150000 F 148512 Im 140000 F 135774 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 3864490 3683100 3810210 4002290 3796680
Watermelons Yield 264658 Fc 245540 Fc 256559 Fc 285878 Fc 279632 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 8096000 8103400 8100000 8090000 8097700
Wheat Production Quantity 21800000 19674000 20600000 17782000 17234000
Wheat Seed 1458610 F 1458610 1458000 1456200 1457590
Wheat Yield 26926.9 Fc 24278.7 Fc 25432.1 Fc 21980.2 Fc 21282.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 16180 17000 17250 17375 17500 *
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 43285 45000 37000 41000 41000
Almonds, with shell Yield 26752.2 Fc 26470.6 Fc 21449.3 Fc 23597.1 Fc 23428.6 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 12650 16500 17530 21500 22000
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 8479 9500 11000 12300 13000
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 6702.77 Fc 5757.58 Fc 6274.96 Fc 5720.93 Fc 5909.09 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 121480 121000 118333 116667 110000
Apples Production Quantity 2002030 2570000 2100000 2600000 2200000
Apples Yield 164803 Fc 212397 Fc 177465 Fc 222857 Fc 200000 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 53400 60000 57500 56750 55650
Apricots Production Quantity 483459 894000 350000 499000 352000
Apricots Yield 90535.4 Fc 149000 Fc 60869.6 Fc 87929.5 Fc 63252.5 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 2900 F 2600 F 2378 Im 2500 F 2400 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 35007 36000 30000 28000 27000
Artichokes Yield 120714 Fc 138462 Fc 126156 Fc 112000 Fc 112500 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 4 F 4 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 10 12 12 17 17
Asparagus Yield 33333.3 Fc 40000 Fc 40000 Fc 42500 Fc 42500 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 100 F 120 F 100 F 90 F 100 F
Avocados Production Quantity 492 475 400 370 400
Avocados Yield 49200 Fc 39583.3 Fc 40000 Fc 41111.1 Fc 40000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 3916 3600 3000 2520 2385
Bananas Production Quantity 178205 150000 130000 110000 95000
Bananas Yield 455069 Fc 416667 Fc 433333 Fc 436508 Fc 398323 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 3649800 3650000 3600000 3400000 3600000
Barley Production Quantity 9551000 9500000 9000000 8100000 8300000
Barley Seed 662984 Fc 729960 Fc 730000 Fc 720000 Fc 680000 Fc
Barley Yield 26168.6 Fc 26027.4 Fc 25000 Fc 23823.5 Fc 23055.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 129051 141200 155000 162000 180000
Beans, dry Production Quantity 195970 210000 250000 250000 250000
Beans, dry Seed 10925 Fc 12905.1 Fc 14120 Fc 15500 Fc 16200 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 15185.5 Fc 14872.5 Fc 16129 Fc 15432.1 Fc 13888.9 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 68000 F 67000 F 70000 F 66000 F 62000 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 563763 555000 582000 545000 515000
Beans, green Yield 82906.3 Fc 82835.8 Fc 83142.9 Fc 82575.8 Fc 83064.5 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 6760 * 7060 * 7093 * 7259 * 7093 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 51558 55000 50000 55000 55000
Berries Nes Yield 76269.2 Fc 77903.7 Fc 70492 Fc 75768 Fc 77541.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 10538 12400 15100 17000 18000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 21316 28000 30000 33000 32000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 2169.2 Fc 2107.6 Fc 2480 Fc 3020 Fc 3400 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 20227.8 Fc 22580.7 Fc 19867.5 Fc 19411.8 Fc 17777.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 32000 F 31000 F 24100 Im 25336 Im 27808 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 686199 675000 700000 721000 720000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 214437 Fc 217742 Fc 290456 Fc 284575 Fc 258918 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 35 75 335 500 300
Canary seed Production Quantity 61 100 560 600 450
Canary seed Seed 2.32 Fc 1.4 Fc 3 Fc 13.4 Fc 20 Fc
Canary seed Yield 17428.6 Fc 13333.3 Fc 16716.4 Fc 12000 Fc 15000 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 2830 * 2820 * 3160 * 3150 * 3060 *
Carobs Production Quantity 12388 12000 14000 14000 13500
Carobs Yield 43773.8 Fc 42553.2 Fc 44303.8 Fc 44444.4 Fc 44117.7 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 16942 Im 20000 F 23000 F 21000 F 9689 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 402405 390300 439000 405000 235000
Carrots and turnips Yield 237519 Fc 195150 Fc 190870 Fc 192857 Fc 242543 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 7300 F 5900 F 5600 F 5500 F 4700 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 152276 125500 116500 108000 90000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 208597 Fc 212712 Fc 208036 Fc 196364 Fc 191489 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 13037300 A 13885200 A 13840300 A 13406000 A 13778000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 34404900 A 36264200 A 33976900 A 30682900 A 30710800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 2217560 A 2359660 A 2504610 A 2498630 A 2422240 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 26389.6 Fc 26117.3 Fc 24549.2 Fc 22887.5 Fc 22289.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13037300 A 13885200 A 13840300 A 13406000 A 13778000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 34636600 A 36464000 A 34140100 A 30806800 A 30830700 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 2217560 A 2359660 A 2504610 A 2498630 A 2422240 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 26567.4 Fc 26261.1 Fc 24667.1 Fc 22979.9 Fc 22376.8 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 30331 26800 25000 24000 22400
Cherries Production Quantity 310254 280000 245000 265000 210000
Cherries Yield 102289 Fc 104478 Fc 98000 Fc 110417 Fc 93750 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 37260 37800 37800 37200 36300 *
Chestnuts Production Quantity 53814 50000 49000 48000 47000
Chestnuts Yield 14442.8 Fc 13227.5 Fc 12963 Fc 12903.2 Fc 12947.7 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 524367 557800 606000 630000 660000
Chick peas Production Quantity 551746 600000 620000 600000 650000
Chick peas Seed 60440.9 Fc 62924 Fc 66936 Fc 72720 Fc 75600 Fc
Chick peas Yield 10522.1 Fc 10756.5 Fc 10231 Fc 9523.81 Fc 9848.48 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 6290 Im 7985 Im 8143 Im 7797 Im 7537 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 14508 Im 17946 Im 20003 Im 17493 Im 15391 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 23065.2 Fc 22474.6 Fc 24564.7 Fc 22435.5 Fc 20420.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 88000 F 91500 F 83707 Im 88000 F 87500 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1842180 1829000 1700000 1790000 1750000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 209339 Fc 199891 Fc 203089 Fc 203409 Fc 200000 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 203 210 200 203 203
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2985 3000 2500 2650 3000
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 147044 Fc 142857 Fc 125000 Fc 130542 Fc 147783 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 97173 A 94960 A 95067 A 94916 A 90358 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3220440 A 2913000 A 2707500 A 2487650 A 2493000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 331413 Fc 306761 Fc 284799 Fc 262090 Fc 275903 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4448170 A 4550160 A 4470340 A 4241000 A 4417950 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13930600 A 14364000 A 12650100 A 11426600 A 10962700 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 748691 A 819569 A 829411 A 816230 A 775240 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 31317.7 Fc 31568.2 Fc 28297.8 Fc 26943.2 Fc 24813.9 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 976540 863700 935928 919531 988120
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1476560 1291180 1425850 1337070 1457120
Cottonseed Seed 31791.1 Fc 35382 Fc 32812.8 Fc 38402.7 Fc 38239.7 Fc
Cranberries Production Quantity 64 Im 66 Im 56 Im 60 Im 55 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 43642 Im 51520 Im 52000 Im 54667 Im 60000 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1799610 1745000 1725000 1780000 1670000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 412357 Fc 338703 Fc 331731 Fc 325608 Fc 278333 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 5890 * 5900 * 5700 * 5500 * 5500 *
Dates Production Quantity 19297 18000 17000 15000 15000
Dates Yield 32762.3 Fc 30508.5 Fc 29824.6 Fc 27272.7 Fc 27272.7 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 35000 F 36000 F 35000 F 36000 F 37000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 924165 930000 900000 935000 955000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 264047 Fc 258333 Fc 257143 Fc 259722 Fc 258108 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 589765 A 546945 A 640420 A 637979 A 721737 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 976608 A 863761 A 936583 A 920386 A 989070 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 16559.3 Fc 15792.5 Fc 14624.5 Fc 14426.6 Fc 13704 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 62240 59100 60625 60625 60000
Figs Production Quantity 290151 285000 275000 280000 250000
Figs Yield 46618.1 Fc 48223.3 Fc 45360.8 Fc 46185.6 Fc 41666.7 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 8 6 55 55 50
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1042210 A 1040820 A 1033760 A 1040610 A 1019120 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12224300 A 12678300 A 10771300 A 11500500 A 10628600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 117292 Fc 121811 Fc 104196 Fc 110517 Fc 104291 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1750 * 1765 * 1725 * 1818 * 1795 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 16781 16300 13450 17000 16400
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 95891.4 Fc 92351.3 Fc 77971 Fc 93509.4 Fc 91364.9 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 10452 * 10733 * 10666 * 10633 * 8900 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 90737 80000 73000 80000 60000
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 86813.1 Fc 74536.5 Fc 68441.8 Fc 75237.5 Fc 67415.7 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 15000 F 16843 Im 17000 F 19000 F 15000 *
Garlic Production Quantity 96112 109000 109000 125000 96000
Garlic Yield 64074.7 Fc 64715.3 Fc 64117.7 Fc 65789.5 Fc 64000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 3730 3650 3600 3570 3390
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 179988 150000 135000 135000 125000
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 482542 Fc 410959 Fc 375000 Fc 378151 Fc 368732 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 513830 516000 520000 530000 530000
Grapes Production Quantity 4000060 3850000 3500000 3600000 3500000
Grapes Yield 77847.9 Fc 74612.4 Fc 67307.7 Fc 67924.5 Fc 66037.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 22490 25850 26000 28000 33000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 77454 85000 80000 85000 90000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 2594.2 Fc 2249 Fc 2585 Fc 2600 Fc 2800 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 34439.3 Fc 32882 Fc 30769.2 Fc 30357.1 Fc 27272.7 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 392860 389696 393000 368357 350296
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 661000 530000 350000 480000 600000
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 16825.3 Fc 13600.3 Fc 8905.85 Fc 13030.8 Fc 17128.4 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 65 65 375 650 660
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 60 55 600 800 900
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 9230.77 Fc 8461.54 Fc 16000 Fc 12307.7 Fc 13636.4 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 65 65 375 650 660
Hempseed Production Quantity 13 13 30 80 50
Hempseed Seed 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4 Fc 3.75 Fc 6.5 Fc
Hempseed Yield 2000 Fc 2000 Fc 800 Fc 1230.77 Fc 757.58 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 11000 F 8000 F 4000 F 5500 F 2500 F
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 10962 8000 4000 5500 2500
Kiwi fruit Yield 9965.45 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 11859 Im 14000 F 12170 Im 12711 Im 10390 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 320091 326000 295000 305000 290000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 269914 Fc 232857 Fc 242399 Fc 239950 Fc 279115 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 5623 Im 6638 Im 6700 F 5013 Im 5502 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 48721 49000 49000 44000 44000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 86645.9 Fc 73817.4 Fc 73134.3 Fc 87771.8 Fc 79970.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 20800 20000 19667 19170 18565
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 710401 600000 600000 550000 525000
Lemons and limes Yield 341539 Fc 300000 Fc 305080 Fc 286907 Fc 282790 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 424147 439900 439000 442000 492000
Lentils Production Quantity 622684 570000 540000 540000 565000
Lentils Seed 31163.3 Fc 33933.5 Fc 35192 Fc 35120 Fc 35360 Fc
Lentils Yield 14680.9 Fc 12957.5 Fc 12300.7 Fc 12217.2 Fc 11483.7 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 20000 F 19600 F 19000 F 16309 Im 17900 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 390659 372000 362000 340000 345000
Lettuce and chicory Yield 195330 Fc 189796 Fc 190526 Fc 208474 Fc 192737 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 146 176 220 250 250
Linseed Production Quantity 84 86 80 110 130
Linseed Seed 4.05 Fc 7.3 Fc 8.8 Fc 11 Fc 12.5 Fc
Linseed Yield 5753.42 Fc 4886.36 Fc 3636.36 Fc 4400 Fc 5200 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 536000 600000 545000 560000 500000
Maize Production Quantity 3811000 4200000 3000000 2800000 2100000
Maize Seed 41000 * 43000 * 48000 * 43600 * 45000 *
Maize Yield 71100.8 Fc 70000 Fc 55045.9 Fc 50000 Fc 42000 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Millet Area Harvested 3598 3600 3900 4000 3650
Millet Production Quantity 6955 7200 7000 7000 7200
Millet Seed 104.19 Fc 107.94 Fc 108 Fc 117 Fc 120 Fc
Millet Yield 19330.2 Fc 20000 Fc 17948.7 Fc 17500 Fc 19726 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 3183 4480 5100 6500 9000
Mixed grain Production Quantity 3971 6700 7500 9000 10000
Mixed grain Seed 600 * 600 * 900 * 1000 * 1300 *
Mixed grain Yield 12475.7 Fc 14955.4 Fc 14705.9 Fc 13846.2 Fc 11111.1 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 21833 17000 15000 13000 F 11000 F
Mustard seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Mustard seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Mustard seed Yield
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 891 Im 886 Im 879 Im 837 Im 800 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2184 Im 1793 Im 1405 Im 1872 Im 2000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 24511.8 Fc 20237 Fc 15984.1 Fc 22365.6 Fc 25000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 100111 130000 143000 130000 155000
Oats Production Quantity 208787 270000 270000 270000 290000
Oats Seed 15000 * 16000 * 20800 * 22900 * 20800 *
Oats Yield 20855.5 Fc 20769.2 Fc 18881.1 Fc 20769.2 Fc 18709.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1297130 A 1216230 A 1305850 A 1384710 A 1429820 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1381820 A 1192960 A 1243580 A 1198700 A 1257830 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 26018.9 A 28444.6 A 26715.5 A 29784.5 A 30751.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 10652.9 Fc 9808.69 Fc 9523.18 Fc 8656.72 Fc 8797.14 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1948950 A 1860400 A 1938850 A 1999100 A 2040540 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1145030 A 918943 A 1001840 A 805178 A 1036790 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 13087.6 A 14034.7 A 13423.6 A 14230.9 A 14449.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5875.12 Fc 4939.51 Fc 5167.18 Fc 4027.71 Fc 5080.94 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 6014 Im 7100 F 8600 F 7100 F 5594 Im
Okra Production Quantity 36843 36000 43000 35500 31000
Okra Yield 61262.1 Fc 50704.2 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 55416.5 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 651820 644166 633000 614385 610722
Olives Production Quantity 1766750 1200000 1600000 850000 1800000
Olives Yield 27104.9 Fc 18628.7 Fc 25276.5 Fc 13835 Fc 29473.3 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 22000 F 20000 F 21000 F 22000 F 21000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 200875 200000 207000 220000 210000
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 91306.8 Fc 100000 Fc 98571.4 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 65466 77280 78000 82000 90000
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1765400 2070000 2040000 1750000 2050000
Onions, dry Yield 269667 Fc 267857 Fc 261538 Fc 213415 Fc 227778 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 40920 40300 41300 40670 39200
Oranges Production Quantity 1535810 1445000 1300000 1250000 1250000
Oranges Yield 375320 Fc 358561 Fc 314770 Fc 307352 Fc 318878 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 105000 F 103000 F 108000 F 103000 F 110000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1765610 1825000 1750000 1735000 1820000 *
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 168153 Fc 177184 Fc 162037 Fc 168447 Fc 165455 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 27700 27800 27300 26600 26000
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 552775 510000 372000 470000 455000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 199558 Fc 183453 Fc 136264 Fc 176692 Fc 175000 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 33200 34700 34700 34800 35000
Pears Production Quantity 317750 360000 320000 370000 340000
Pears Yield 95707.8 Fc 103746 Fc 92219 Fc 106322 Fc 97142.9 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1565 1400 1350 1150 1450
Peas, dry Production Quantity 4373 3600 3500 3500 4000
Peas, dry Seed 129.7 Fc 156.5 Fc 140 Fc 135 Fc 115 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 27942.5 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25925.9 Fc 30434.8 Fc 27586.2 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 12800 F 17400 F 8300 F 7700 F 10000 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 89632 122000 58000 54000 69000
Peas, green Yield 70025 Fc 70114.9 Fc 69879.5 Fc 70129.9 Fc 69000 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 40377 40000 37572 37570 37428 *
Pistachios Production Quantity 110000 60000 30000 90000 35000
Pistachios Yield 27243.2 Fc 15000 Fc 7984.67 Fc 23955.3 Fc 9351.29 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 18930 19000 19000 18625 18375
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 214416 220000 210000 210000 200000
Plums and sloes Yield 113268 Fc 115789 Fc 110526 Fc 112752 Fc 108844 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 42023 25335 30343 99431 50741
Poppy seed Production Quantity 30187 13644 17809 52000 19000
Poppy seed Yield 7183.45 Fc 5385.44 Fc 5869.23 Fc 5229.76 Fc 3744.51 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 157908 154300 179000 195000 198000
Potatoes Production Quantity 4397310 4090000 4800000 5300000 5200000
Potatoes Seed 316000 * 308600 * 358000 * 390000 * 396000 *
Potatoes Yield 278473 Fc 265068 Fc 268156 Fc 271795 Fc 262626 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 18771 22400 8250 8500 6826
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 19686 19460 7800 8250 6976
Pulses, nes Yield 10487.5 Fc 8687.5 Fc 9454.55 Fc 9705.88 Fc 10219.8 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1251380 A 1277100 A 1326350 A 1513650 A 1595350 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1606160 A 1565360 A 1583800 A 1558050 A 1640100 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 114902 A 124891 A 128048 A 135644 A 153445 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12835.1 Fc 12257.2 Fc 11941 Fc 10293.3 Fc 10280.5 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 17564 Im 20734 Im 20927 Im 22000 F 20000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 364968 368000 364000 368000 345000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 207793 Fc 177486 Fc 173938 Fc 167273 Fc 172500 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 10400 10430 10500 10490 * 10706 *
Quinces Production Quantity 106214 100000 80000 110000 110000
Quinces Yield 102129 Fc 95877.3 Fc 76190.5 Fc 104862 Fc 102746 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 5014 700 1700 2800 550
Rapeseed Production Quantity 12615 1200 4500 6500 1500
Rapeseed Seed 106.83 Fc 53.89 Fc 7 Fc 17 Fc 28 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 25159.5 Fc 17142.9 Fc 26470.6 Fc 23214.3 Fc 27272.7 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 99100 85000 70000 65000 60000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 696000 600000 490000 372000 360000
Rice, paddy Seed 11270 11890 10200 8400 9000 *
Rice, paddy Yield 70232.1 Fc 70588.2 Fc 70000 Fc 57230.8 Fc 60000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 158024 A 154520 A 179230 A 195240 A 198280 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4397550 A 4090070 A 4800060 A 5300080 A 5200100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 316000 A 308600 A 358000 A 390000 A 396000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 278284 Fc 264695 Fc 267816 Fc 271465 Fc 262260 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 131245 130000 143000 140000 150000
Rye Production Quantity 271000 270000 270000 240000 255000
Rye Seed 26000 * 26000 * 26000 * 28600 * 28000 *
Rye Yield 20648.4 Fc 20769.2 Fc 18881.1 Fc 17142.9 Fc 17000 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 430 173 165 250 40
Safflower seed Production Quantity 395 215 150 170 25
Safflower seed Seed 25.41 Fc 6.45 Fc 2.6 Fc 2.48 Fc 3.75 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 9186.05 Fc 12427.8 Fc 9090.91 Fc 6800 Fc 6250 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 589700 546880 640045 637329 721077
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2555000 2245000 2460000 2346000 2542000
Seed cotton Yield 43327.1 Fc 41051.1 Fc 38434.8 Fc 36809.9 Fc 35252.8 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 39939 42450 43000 44000 48000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 26545 26000 23000 22000 22000
Sesame seed Seed 446.7 Fc 599.09 Fc 636.75 Fc 645 Fc 660 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6646.39 Fc 6124.85 Fc 5348.84 Fc 5000 Fc 4583.33 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 88
Sorghum Production Quantity 229
Sorghum Yield 26022.7 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 17380 17166 16666 16317 15485
Sour cherries Production Quantity 121499 140000 138000 145000 100000
Sour cherries Yield 69907.4 Fc 81556.6 Fc 82803.3 Fc 88864.4 Fc 64578.6 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 11918 8600 14000 27000 25500
Soybeans Production Quantity 47300 29000 50000 85000 75000
Soybeans Seed 867.5 Fc 1191.8 Fc 860 Fc 1400 Fc 2700 Fc
Soybeans Yield 39687.9 Fc 33720.9 Fc 35714.3 Fc 31481.5 Fc 29411.8 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 34604 39163 41800 40950 67810
Spices, nes Production Quantity 67704 67470 53600 61560 81250
Spices, nes Yield 19565.4 Fc 17228 Fc 12823 Fc 15033 Fc 11982 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 25000 F 24000 F 21800 F 20500 Im 22500 F
Spinach Production Quantity 242231 238000 213000 220000 220000
Spinach Yield 96892.4 Fc 99166.7 Fc 97706.4 Fc 107317 Fc 97777.8 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 3460 * 3868 * 3870 * 3952 * 3814 *
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 13615 16500 16900 16900 15700
Stone fruit, nes Yield 39349.7 Fc 42657.7 Fc 43669.3 Fc 42763.2 Fc 41164.1 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 9985 10000 9750 10400 10000
Strawberries Production Quantity 211127 200000 155000 150000 145000
Strawberries Yield 211444 Fc 200000 Fc 158974 Fc 144231 Fc 145000 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 7700 F 7332 Im 7400 F 7100 F 5900 F
String beans Production Quantity 55837 54000 54000 52000 43000
String beans Yield 72515.6 Fc 73649.8 Fc 72973 Fc 73239.4 Fc 72881.4 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 323714 335812 315344 315303 372468
Sugar beet Production Quantity 14452200 15181200 13517000 12622900 16523200
Sugar beet Yield 446450 Fc 452074 Fc 428643 Fc 400342 Fc 443614 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 585400 566000 550000 545000 550000
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1118000 975000 900000 800000 850000
Sunflower seed Seed 16640.3 Fc 17562 Fc 16980 Fc 16500 Fc 16350 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 19098 Fc 17226.2 Fc 16363.6 Fc 14678.9 Fc 15454.5 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 31520 30800 30300 31303 29000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 791255 715000 670000 550000 590000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 251033 Fc 232143 Fc 221122 Fc 175702 Fc 203448 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 116 220 230 240 280
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 241 67 60 80 100
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 20775.9 Fc 3045.45 Fc 2608.7 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3571.43 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 76136 76625 76632 76640 76645
Tea Production Quantity 201866 217540 201663 153800 135000
Tea Yield 26513.9 Fc 28390.2 Fc 26315.8 Fc 20067.8 Fc 17613.7 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 146166 185342 192710 183043 191000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 98137 135247 133913 112158 152856
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 6714.08 Fc 7297.16 Fc 6948.94 Fc 6127.41 Fc 8002.93 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 228714 Im 270000 F 255000 F 260000 F 255000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 9854880 10050000 9440000 9820000 9450000
Tomatoes Yield 430882 Fc 372222 Fc 370196 Fc 377692 Fc 370588 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 564151 A 560965 A 556501 A 529672 A 506310 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 999897 A 836793 A 593405 A 790872 A 845000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 17723.9 Fc 14917 Fc 10663.1 Fc 14931.4 Fc 16689.4 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 24111 32000 30000
Triticale Production Quantity 77642 110000 95000
Triticale Seed 3000 F 3900 F 3600 F
Triticale Yield 32201.9 Fc 34375 Fc 31666.7 Fc
Vanilla Production Quantity 170 F 119 Im 100 F 180 Im 232 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 13572 Im 16022 Im 16171 Im 17000 F 17200 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 274319 267750 254100 271100 273550
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 202121 Fc 167114 Fc 157133 Fc 159471 Fc 159041 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 987099 A 1068470 A 1033860 A 1053440 A 1062090 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25738900 A 26359600 A 25270600 A 25914600 A 25834600 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 260753 Fc 246703 Fc 244431 Fc 246000 Fc 243243 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 987099 A 1068470 A 1033860 A 1053440 A 1062090 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25738900 A 26359600 A 25270600 A 25914600 A 25834600 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 260753 Fc 246703 Fc 244431 Fc 246000 Fc 243243 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 142941 102000 101650 253000 237077
Vetches Production Quantity 190385 134300 132500 123300 132124
Vetches Seed 10074 Fc 12864.7 Fc 9180 Fc 9148.5 Fc 22770 Fc
Vetches Yield 13319.1 Fc 13166.7 Fc 13034.9 Fc 4873.52 Fc 5573.04 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 76583 75583 70000 68333 63986 *
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 129614 150000 126000 130000 120000
Walnuts, with shell Yield 16924.6 Fc 19845.7 Fc 18000 Fc 19024.5 Fc 18754.1 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 137000 F 143000 F 138000 F 153000 F 165000 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 3805310 3970000 3825000 4250000 4575000
Watermelons Yield 277760 Fc 277622 Fc 277174 Fc 277778 Fc 277273 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 8490000 9250000 9300000 9100000 9300000
Wheat Production Quantity 20010000 21500000 21000000 19008200 19508000
Wheat Seed 1457600 1528200 1665000 1674000 1638000
Wheat Yield 23568.9 Fc 23243.2 Fc 22580.7 Fc 20888.1 Fc 20976.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 38247 Q 39012 Q 38911 Q 39122 Q 39505 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 326 Q 192 Q 250 Q 142 Q 135 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 289 Q 318 Q 252 Q 25 Q 39 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 615 Q 510 Q 502 Q 167 Q 174 Q
Arable land Area 20539 Q 21384 Q 21351 Q 21555 Q 21979 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 23630 Q 24395 Q 24294 Q 24505 Q 24888 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 153 Q 66 Q 74 Q 84 Q 85 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 289 Q 318 Q 252 Q 25 Q 39 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 443 Q 384 Q 326 Q 109 Q 124 Q
Country area Area 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q
Fallow land Area 4017 Q 4249 Q 4323 Q 4259 Q 4219 Q
Forest area Area 11452.8 Fm 11334 Q 11215.2 Fm 11096.4 Fm 10977.6 Fm
Inland water Area 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Q 1393 Q
Land area Area 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q
Other land Area 27263.2 Fm 26617 Fm 26836.8 Fm 26744.6 Fm 26480.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3091 Q 3011 Q 2943 Q 2950 Q 2909 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 37 Q 45 Q 38 Q 61 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 32 Q 20 Q 15 Q 21 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 69 Q 65 Q 53 Q 82 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 3 Q 4 Q 3 Q 3 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 30 Q 21 Q 0.1 Q 0.1 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 33 Q 25 Q 3.1 Q 3.1 Q
Temporary crops Area 16522 Q 17135 Q 17028 Q 17296 Q 17760 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 40493 Q 41223 Q 41210 Q 40644 Q 41196 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 162 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 31 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 193 Q 204 Q 210 Q
Arable land Area 22981 Q 23830 Q 23871 Q 23372 Q 23994 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 25876 Q 26606 Q 26593 Q 26027 Q 26579 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 70 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 31 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 100 Q
Country area Area 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q
Fallow land Area 4691 Q 4876 Q 4956 Q 4991 Q 5040 Q
Forest area Area 10858.8 Fm 10740 Q 10621.2 Fm 10502.4 Fm 10383.6 Fm
Inland water Area 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm
Land area Area 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q
Other land Area 25611.2 Fm 25000 Fm 25131.8 Fm 25816.6 Fm 25383.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2895 Q 2776 Q 2722 Q 2655 Q 2585 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 70 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 13 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 83 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 8 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 0.2 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 8.2 Q
Temporary crops Area 18290 Q 18954 Q 18915 Q 18381 Q 18954 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Fm 5215 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files