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Datasheet

Turkey

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Turkey
  • General data
  • Region: Middle East
  • Area (km2): 779,000
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical
  • Capital: Ankara
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 73,885,055
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$8,030
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$592,985,456,640
  • GDP: US$655,881,404,416
  • Agriculture, value added: US$49,387,479,040
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)WidespreadBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Present, few occurrencesBradbury, 1986; Altundag et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentÇaglayan et al., 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentYalçinkaya & Keskin, 2010
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma agalactiaePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Serçe et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentGazel et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; Demir, 1996; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentYesOzturk & Aksoy, 2017
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)WidespreadIntroducedYesMomol & Zeller, 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Demir & Gündogdu, 1993
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; Bozkurt et al., 2014; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2012a; Bastas & Karakaya, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, invalid recordGuldr et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015; NPPO of Turkey, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeKara & Sahin, 2001
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedYesRahe, 1987
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentUraz, 1950; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014; Kurbetli, 2013; Tok & Avci, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentBaysal-Gurel & Cinar, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentKarakaya et al., 1995
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)WidespreadOnan & Onogur, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentOzcelik & Ozcelik, 1997
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentAkilli et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentEken, 2003; UK CAB International, 1993; Punithalingam, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier, 1991
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2004; CMI, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentErper et al., 2012; Amano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedSumer, 1987; Raddi et al., 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentDogmus-Lehtijärvi et al., 2007; Kaya et al., 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentHuseyin, 2005; Göbelez, 1963
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadOzkan & Prescott, 1972; Kinaci, 1983
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Göre, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, invalid recordIMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)LocalisedIntroducedÇinar et al., 2009; Çinar et al., 2009; Surugiu, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentSekeroglu & Ozgur, 1984; Can & Çobanoglu, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Akyazi, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentNativeEichhorn, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969; Sengonca, 1982; Turhan et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentÖzturk & Ulusoy, 2009; Özer & Kismali, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedYesGonlugur-Demirci, 2006; Neu, 1935
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIPPC, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2016c; Ayberk et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983; Akyürek et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968; Akyürek et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesUygun et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentGuusay et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Karut et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentKarut et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedKutrup, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeVelthuis, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentGöven et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Restricted distributionKaçar & Ulusoy, 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentSoyhan et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentMergen & Cagatay, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCebeci & Acer, 2007; Cebeci et al., 2011; Gözel & Gözel, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)LocalisedNativeYesGuher, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresentIntroducedKocatas, 1981; Yokes & Galil, 2006; Yokes et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentBayram & Tonga, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeKornosor, 1987; CIE, 1977; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUygun et al., 1998; CIE, 1969; Bodenheimer, 1941
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentEastop, 1972; Watson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentKiziltepe et al., 2009; Öztürk et al., 2004; Basar & Yasar, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentMutun, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)LocalisedIntroducedYesHizal, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Öztürk et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesDKOA, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Restricted distributionKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentCABI, 1991; Gruber et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentNativeKenis et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Çetgdot et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentEfil et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentCoskuncu & KovancI, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeSteinmann, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; Tunç & Göçmen, 1994; Gözel & Gözel, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentKaraca et al., 2015; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentRazowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Restricted distributionIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)WidespreadZumreoglu, 1986; CIE, 1961; Ülgentürk et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentArgyriou, 1990; Danzig & Pellizari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentÜlgentürk et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)WidespreadAcatay, 1971; Tozlu, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeSerez, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Sarikaya & Avci, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Sullivan et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Restricted distributionGürkan & Bosgelmez, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Gözel & Gözel, 2014; CABI, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeYesCERIS, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeÖzdikmen & Turgut, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniLocalisedNativeAudzijonyte et al., 2009; Bacescu, 1954; Özbek & Ustaoglu, 2006; Wittmann, 1995; Wittmann, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaWidespreadUygun et al., 1995; Tamer et al., 1998; Hincal et al., 2000; Martinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionDeeming, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014; Gözel & Gözel, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentKisakurek, 1972; Kacar, 1982; Atac et al., 1987; Zeki, 1996; Gunyadin, 1972; Iren, 1972; Otaci, 1972; Erkilic & Yigit, 1992; Atac et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadGiese & Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale)PresentNativeYesMendel, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentKismir, 1992; Jelínek, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBODENHEIMER & SWIRSKI, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativecuhadar et al., 2000; Yaman et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1998; Turhan et al.,1983; Ozsaydi & Ozgur,1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)WidespreadNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992; Mercikoglu, 2001; Bright & Skidmore, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentMutuura & Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999; Holthuis & Gottlies, 1958
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentBenyamini et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)WidespreadAcatay, 1959; Yüksel, 1998; Chodjai et al., 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979; Ulgenturk & Toros, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014; Gözel & Gözel, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)WidespreadIntroducedYesYokes & Galil, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentKaydan et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentOzdikmen & Caglar, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Gözel & Gözel, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentAtalay & Hincal, 1992; Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentCanakcioglu, 1972; NHM, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeYesSchimitschek, 1944; Schedl, 1959; Chararas, 1978; Sekendiz, 1987; Schimitschek, 1941; Sarikaya & Avci, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentSoylu & Urel, 1977; Uygun et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentTezcan et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentBulut et al., 2000; Can & Çobanoglu, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentNativeMordukhaj-Boltovskoj, 1964; Özbek & Ustaoglu, 2006; Ozbek, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentIntroducedYesYokes et al., 2007; Gruvel, 1928; Holthuis, 1961; Kocatas & Katagan, 2003; Ozcan et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentNizamlioglu, 1957; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedUygun et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedWarchalowski, 1976; Aslan et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Unconfirmed recordZwölfer & Harris, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentAydin & Soran, 1987; Yucel, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentSekendiz & Güler, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentEken et al., 2006; Yildiz, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; NHM, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM London UK, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Restricted distributionCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeCFIA, 2003a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentYuksel et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentYasarakinci & Hincal, 1996; Erdogan et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeYesRoques et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014; Gözel & Gözel, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Restricted distributionKiliç, 2010; Erler et al., 2010; Unlu, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Bayram et al., 2015; Sahin et al., 2014; Polat et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)No information availableOIE, 2009; Çakmak et al., 2003; Warrit et al., 2004; Çakmak et al., 2002b; Crane, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeArcher, 1998; Yildirim & Kojima, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Gözel & Gözel, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionNativeBalachowsky, 1963; Schedl, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeBogutskaya, 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCoad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationBorghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeBilecenoglu et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedIntroducedYesRyall, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedAlikhuni, 1966; FAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Fricke & et al.1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)LocalisedIntroducedFAO, 1997; Cildir, 2001; Olenin et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedÖzcan, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeHoffman & Smith, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBogutskaya, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)LocalisedNativePinchuk et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)LocalisedNativePinchuk et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedCoad, 1996; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedInnal & Erk'Akan, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaeWidespreadNativePlötner et al., 2010; Akin et al., 2010b
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Absent, formerly presentBilecenoglu et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedNativeBirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008; ZipCodeZoo, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedTok et al., 2015; Hur et al., 2008; Ilgaz et al., 2013; Mollov, 2009; Tok & Cicek, 2014; Ugurtas & Yildirimhan, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)LocalisedIntroducedWildekamp et al., 1997; Yilmaz et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Boyla et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeBogutskaya, 1997; Blanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004; Kottelat & Freyhof, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentFroese & Pauly, 2010; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedInnal & Erk'Akan, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Innal & Erk'Akan, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Bogutskaya, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBogutskaya, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedFujisaki et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)LocalisedIntroducedTarkan et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadNativeKirwan, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish)WidespreadIntroducedYesKideys & Gücü, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentShiganova, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedUysal et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisWidespreadIntroducedDogan et al., 2007; Buzzurro & Greppi, 1996; Çevik & Sarihan, 2004; Çinar, 2006; Galil, 2006; Ergen & Çinar, 1997; Kinzelbach, 1985; Niederhofer et al., 1991; Tringali & Villa, 1990; Aartsen & Kinzelbach, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeLocard, 1883; Schuett, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedUygun & Sekeroglu, 1987; Yildirim et al., 2004; CFIA, 2014; Reichling, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedÇevik et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentYIldIrIm & KebapçI, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentNativeYesAksu et al., 2017; ISSG, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeRähle, 1992b; Schütt, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)LocalisedIntroducedYesMutlu, 2013; Kinzelbach, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)LocalisedIntroducedKalyoncu et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)LocalisedIntroducedYesFischer-Piette, 1960
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Cowie, 1990; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedYesGenç et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentKepenekci, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionOkten, 1988; Enneli & Ozturk, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesEnneli & Öztürk, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesEnneli & Öztürk, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Greco & Di Vito, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Mennan et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Aydinli et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentBora, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentAkgül & Ökten, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadElekcioglu et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentKepenekci, 2014; Kepenekci et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentTekinel et al., 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedAydogdu et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaPresentIntroducedYesTolay et al., 2001a; Tolay et al., 2001b
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesGuiry & Guiry, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeCirik et al., 1990; Taskin et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentNativeGómez et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesUremis & Uygur, 1999; Uremis & Uygur, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedAkanil & Middleton, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedKaraca et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedCobanoglu, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeRhoads & Block , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaWidespreadNativeYesSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeDavis, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeYaltirik, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008; Hepworth & Tezel, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Med-Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993; Greuter & Burdet, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentDavis, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedByfield & Baytop, 1998; EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentBischof, 1978; Holm et al., 1991; Tepe et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeGreuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; DAISIE, 2014; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson & Smythies, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Uzun, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeKadiolu et al., 1998; Demir & Tepe, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)WidespreadNativeDavis, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeCooper & Moerkerk, 2000; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresenteMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2016; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980; Kostivkovsky & Young, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009; Kandemir & Türkmen, 2008; Davis, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaWidespreadNativeWagenitz, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephalaPresentNativeWagenitz, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisAbsent, formerly presentIntroducedWagenitz, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)WidespreadNativeYesRosenthal et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadBates et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; Kaya & Zengin, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)WidespreadNativeRechinger, 1992; Ozyurt et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeKupicha, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedParker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeWeeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1980; Tepe et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO, 2014; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedDavis, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; Pohl et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadNativeGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentUremis et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentNativeGokturk et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionKismali, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeDavis, 1967; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedLe Floc'h, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentKorkut & Kasa, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015; Skylakis et al., 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeGodwin, 1943
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Restricted distributionNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Restricted distributionNativeGibbs & Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeDavis 1965-1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015; Ahmad, 2013; Fröberg, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentNativeDavis et al., 1988; Guner, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresent, few occurrencesNativeCatling et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Karasu et al., 1979; Arslan et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeWangerin & Schr÷ter, 1937
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Cimalová, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentBrundu et al., 2011; Scholz & Byfield, 2000; EPPO Executive Committee, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentBates et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; DAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle Ade, 1885; Sönmez et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)LocalisedNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Kaya et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeDanin, 1975; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972; Aksoy et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedYesParker, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadIntroducedYesByfield & Baytop, 1998; Valentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeMuseum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Townsend et al., 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedBoydak, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentIntroducedGüner, 1984; Brundu et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Secmen & Leblevici, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedGönen et al., 2000; Bükün, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Restricted distributionNativeGottschlich, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Restricted distributionNativeGottschlich, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedTilki & Ugurlu, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroducedUgenc, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedUgenc, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeCobanoglu, 2000; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentBasaran et al., 1997; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Tepe et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentDemirci & Gene, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)WidespreadNativeYesAnsin & Terzioglu, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentHanelt et al., 2001; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeAlpinar et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeValdes & Scholz, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeDavis, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentDavis, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentWang et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedTerzioglu & Ansin, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesTerzioglu et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedBaser & Malyer, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Restricted distributionNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAbak & Düzenli, 1989; Demirci et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentPohl et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentDavis, 1985; IUCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedTonguç Yayintas, 2009
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedBalech, 1995
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeMarzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusLast reported 1961OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMakkouk et al., 1990
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentFidan & Yorganci, 1990; Yilmaz & Ozaslan, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al., 2013
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; Wisler et al., 1998; Rubio et al., 1999
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; Martelli et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014
Virusequine arteritis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentKatul et al., 1993
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentKoklu et al., 1998; Yilmaz et al., 1997
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentKöklü & Yilmaz, 2006
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentGüldür & Çaglar, 2006; Sevik, 2011
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; Akbas et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2014; Bostan et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRice yellow mottle virusAbsent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2010; Köklü & YIlmaz, 2004
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSheeppox virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentMorris, 1997; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentNativeBremer, 1971; Stenger et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessNo information availableOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisNo information availableSayin et al., 1997; cetindag, 1996; Hoffmann et al., 1971; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisPresentIntroducedYesGenç et al., 2005
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; özkam et al., 1993; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009; Ergün & Erturun, 1993
babesiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Ckmak et al., 1991; Hatice, 1993; Eren, 1993; Cakmak & Öz, 1993
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Taylor et al., 1985; Burgu et al., 1992; OIE, 1999
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedAydogdu et al., 2003
bovine anaplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009; Kenar, 1991
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009; Kiran et al., 1997
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009; Türütoglu, 1992
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
classical swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedYesRahe, 1987; OIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al., 2013
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Uysal et al., 1998; Carli et al., 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentYalçinkaya & Keskin, 2010; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentCandan, 2002
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisWidespreadToz et al., 2013; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2004d
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Vural & Atala, 1988; Alibasoglu et al., 1973
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeMarzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableNativeCetinkaya et al., 2000; Ongor et al., 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieNo information availableOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE, 2009; Fernandez, 1991; OIE, 1992; OIE, 1999
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraNo information availableOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentMimioglu, 1977; Sayin, 1991; OIE, 1998
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentAltay et al., 2008
theileriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
tuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaPresentErdem et al., 2014; OIE, 2009; Büyük et al., 2012
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Aydin & Gürbüz, 1996
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009; Çakmak et al., 2003; Warrit et al., 2004; Çakmak et al., 2002b; Crane, 1979
Venezuelan equine encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediNo information availableOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hubalek & Halouzka, 1999
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested2050417148170401715017585
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity6983855398548445277450753
Almonds, with shellYield34060.7Fc32305.8Fc32185.5Fc30772Fc28861.5Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested2115418135119181188012291
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity1487913992947285948006
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield7033.66Fc7715.47Fc7947.64Fc7234.01Fc6513.71Fc
ApplesArea Harvested142408165078133200129700127700
ApplesProduction Quantity26800802600000278237025044902457850
ApplesYield188197Fc157501Fc208887Fc193099Fc192471Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested5969659801590005800055200
ApricotsProduction Quantity676138476132695364750574589732
ApricotsYield113264Fc79619.4Fc117858Fc129409Fc106836Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested2444Im2400F 2900F 3000F 2800F
ArtichokesProduction Quantity3346029070348593632033807
ArtichokesYield136907Fc121125Fc120203Fc121067Fc120739Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested6Im7F 5F 3F 3F
AsparagusProduction Quantity13* 25* 181029*
AsparagusYield21666.7Fc35714.3Fc36000Fc33333.3Fc96666.7Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested153* 146146F 120F 120F
AvocadosProduction Quantity131612071169958931
AvocadosYield86013.1Fc82671.2Fc80068.5Fc79833.3Fc77583.3Fc
BananasArea Harvested45074428433443264410
BananasProduction Quantity206501210178204517201115189107
BananasYield458178Fc474657Fc471890Fc464898Fc428814Fc
BarleyArea Harvested28688303040000301000029500003428020
BarleyProduction Quantity76000007250000730000059230007306800
BarleySeed599960Fc599960Fc599960Fc595467Fc546438Fc
BarleyYield26491.6Fc23848.7Fc24252.5Fc20078Fc21314.9Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested946251032559745197848109250
Beans, dryProduction Quantity200673212758181205154630154243
Beans, drySeed10325.5Fc10325.5Fc10325.5Fc9745.1Fc9784.8Fc
Beans, dryYield21207.2Fc20605.1Fc18594.5Fc15803.1Fc14118.4Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested65652Im70000F 72000F 67000F 63000F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity614948587967603653563056519968
Beans, greenYield93667.8Fc83995.3Fc83840.7Fc84038.2Fc82534.6Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested8183* 8255* 7970* 7660* 6980*
Berries NesProduction Quantity7870277076699626719063768
Berries NesYield96177.4Fc93368.9Fc87781.7Fc87715.4Fc91358.2Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested7442829193831026110846
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity1967819898211502066821043
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed1658.2Fc1658.2Fc1658.2Fc1876.6Fc2052.2Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield26441.8Fc23999.5Fc22540.8Fc20142.3Fc19401.6Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested28954Im30000F 30622Im32000F 31000F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity710056693002706855674617647678
Cabbages and other brassicasYield245236Fc231001Fc230832Fc210818Fc208928Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested2055411358
Canary seedProduction Quantity3083611762
Canary seedSeed0.04Fc0.8Fc2.2Fc1.64Fc0.52Fc
Canary seedYield15000Fc15090.9Fc14878Fc13076.9Fc10689.7Fc
CarobsArea Harvested2910* 2570* 2850* 2850* 2390*
CarobsProduction Quantity1397214172144131209712161
CarobsYield48013.8Fc55144Fc50571.9Fc42445.6Fc50882.8Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested24669Im28000F 31471Im31000F 32000F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity602078533253593628591538641953
Carrots and turnipsYield244063Fc190448Fc188627Fc190819Fc200610Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested8110Im8000F 7500F 6893Im7000F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity162134158579157051150843135145
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield199919Fc198224Fc209401Fc218835Fc193064Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested11899900A 12095800A 12061800A 11982300A 12396900A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity34895400A 32478500A 33319900A 29029100A 29034200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed2175150A 2175150A 2174540A 2164970A 2106710A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield29324Fc26851Fc27624.3Fc24226.5Fc23420.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested11899900A 12095800A 12061800A 11982300A 12396900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity35195100A 32764900A 33569600A 29279900A 29250000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed2175150A 2175150A 2174540A 2164970A 2106710A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield29575.9Fc27087.8Fc27831.4Fc24435.9Fc23594.7Fc
CherriesArea Harvested4524642054379003580034400
CherriesProduction Quantity438550417905417694338361398141
CherriesYield96925.7Fc99373.4Fc110210Fc94514.3Fc115739Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested3846038400390403898038960
ChestnutsProduction Quantity6027059171616975539555100
ChestnutsYield15670.8Fc15409.1Fc15803.5Fc14211.1Fc14142.7Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested446413446218454928486199503674
Chick peasProduction Quantity487477530634562564518026505366
Chick peasSeed53546.2Fc53546.2Fc53546.2Fc54591.4Fc58343.9Fc
Chick peasYield10919.9Fc11891.8Fc12366Fc10654.6Fc10033.6Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested6999Im6000F 6557Im5222Im5116Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity15951Im15000F 20824Im12356Im12512Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield22790.4Fc25000Fc31758.4Fc23661.4Fc24456.6Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested93826Im99000F 90000F 79496Im87212Im
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity19752701986700183700017961801759220
Chillies and peppers, greenYield210525Fc200677Fc204111Fc225946Fc201718Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested153157180170180
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity21702346290130902972
Citrus fruit, nesYield141830Fc149427Fc161167Fc181765Fc165111Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested100397A 101251A 100540A 98250A 95250A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3613770A 3572380A 3513770A 3026940A 2988670A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield359948Fc352824Fc349490Fc308086Fc313771Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3704520A 3893440A 3865360A 3792860A 4205360A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity12495100A 12230900A 12219600A 10744600A 11368000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed697188A 697189A 697190A 688867A 637848A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield33729.2Fc31414Fc31613.2Fc28328.5Fc27032.2Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity954600816705638250673000867716
CottonseedProduction Quantity15273601272800102120010774401320830
CottonseedSeed32520Fc32520Fc28826.3Fc25192.4Fc29693.5Fc
CranberriesProduction Quantity76Im74Im75Im68Im65Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested62746Im58957Im60000F 57495Im59000F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity17491701739190173501016787701674580
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield278770Fc294993Fc289168Fc291985Fc283827Fc
DatesArea Harvested7104Im7300F 7040* 6780* 6700*
DatesProduction Quantity2829526277252812430223713
DatesYield39829.7Fc35995.9Fc35910.5Fc35843.7Fc35392.5Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested25355Im28000F 31187Im31000F 33000F
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity821770846998816134813686863737
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield324106Fc302499Fc261690Fc262479Fc261738Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested542020A 480459A 419880A 494921A 529908A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity954613A 816718A 638255A 673022A 867760A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield17612.1Fc16998.7Fc15200.9Fc13598.6Fc16375.7Fc
FigsArea Harvested5869458131583565794461594
FigsProduction Quantity260508254838244351205067210152
FigsYield44384.1Fc43838.6Fc41872.5Fc35390.6Fc34118.9Fc
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity3F 3116
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1059370A 1088150A 1055130A 1042700A 1034440A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity14388200A 13945600A 14222900A 12927000A 12362400A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield135818Fc128158Fc134798Fc123977Fc119508Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1720Im1767* 1830* 1810* 1800*
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity1641616474171911692916632
Fruit Fresh NesYield95441.9Fc93231.5Fc93939.9Fc93530.4Fc92400Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested23270* 21435* 16972* 13389* 12035*
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity217572208502170963127760106560
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield93498.9Fc97271.8Fc100732Fc95421.6Fc88541.8Fc
GarlicArea Harvested9694Im951012000F 1100011100
GarlicProduction Quantity792037693610536310497098195
GarlicYield81703.1Fc80900.1Fc87802.5Fc95427.3Fc88464Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested39673820378037503730
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity218988213768190973167765162621
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield552024Fc559602Fc505220Fc447373Fc435981Fc
GrapesArea Harvested472545477786479024482789484610
GrapesProduction Quantity42963504255000426472039184403612780
GrapesYield90919.4Fc89056.6Fc89029.4Fc81162.6Fc74550.3Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested2547127440253352483025942
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity9041697310900818527486409
Groundnuts, with shellSeed2744Fc2744Fc2744Fc2533.5Fc2483Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield35497.6Fc35462.8Fc35555.9Fc34343.1Fc33308.5Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested400000F 432439421108412468433920
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity430000600000500000800791530000
Hazelnuts, with shellYield10750Fc13874.8Fc11873.4Fc19414.6Fc12214.2Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested20F 20* 73056
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity10F 1042138
Hemp Tow WasteYield5000Fc5000Fc5714.29Fc7000Fc6785.71Fc
HempseedArea Harvested1622662956
HempseedProduction Quantity81030* 1224
HempseedSeed4.5Fc4.5Fc4.5Fc4.5Fc4.5Fc
HempseedYield5000Fc4545.45Fc4545.45Fc4137.93Fc4285.71Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested21410Im22000F 20000F 18000F 15000F
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity2923126554236891953015242
Kiwi fruitYield13653Fc12070Fc11844.5Fc10850Fc10161.3Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested10278Im10200F 7904Im10559Im11000F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity246144244812251120252286256397
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield239486Fc240012Fc317713Fc238930Fc233088Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested5043Im6000F 6300F 6000F 6300F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity4196241929443894288546153
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield83208.4Fc69881.7Fc70458.7Fc71475Fc73258.7Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested2081720920211602093020820
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity790211787063783587672452651767
Lemons and limesYield379599Fc376225Fc370315Fc321286Fc313049Fc
LentilsArea Harvested214847234378210287196068389470
LentilsProduction Quantity405952447400302181131188535181
LentilsSeed18750.2Fc18750.2Fc18750.2Fc17194.5Fc25493.9Fc
LentilsYield18894.9Fc19088.8Fc14369.9Fc6690.94Fc13741.3Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested12307Im17900F 21675Im23000F 22000F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity424252419298438038439641428059
Lettuce and chicoryYield344724Fc234245Fc202094Fc191148Fc194572Fc
LinseedArea Harvested15Im10206781
LinseedProduction Quantity3F 310* 4048
LinseedSeed0.5Fc0.5Fc0.5Fc1Fc3.35Fc
LinseedYield2000Fc3000Fc5000Fc5970.15Fc5925.93Fc
MaizeArea Harvested589000593552591279593710516960
MaizeProduction Quantity42000004310000425000042740003535000
MaizeSeed48000F 48000F 48000* 47000* 48000*
MaizeYield71307.3Fc72613.7Fc71878.1Fc71988Fc68380.5Fc
MelonseedProduction QuantityF F F F F
MilletArea Harvested26722933328036343473
MilletProduction Quantity62536772717169957094
MilletSeed87.99Fc87.99Fc87.99Fc98.4Fc109.02Fc
MilletYield23402Fc23089Fc21862.8Fc19248.8Fc20426.1Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested670731104328973145
Mixed grainProduction Quantity10051100167341262826
Mixed grainSeed140F 140F 140* 200* 600*
Mixed grainYield15000Fc15047.9Fc16040.3Fc14242.3Fc8985.69Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity2705821559195012652623426
Mustard seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Mustard seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Mustard seedYield
Nuts, nesArea Harvested1071Im1023Im1000F 940Im970Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2442Im2914Im2500F 2188Im1841Im
Nuts, nesYield22801.1Fc28484.8Fc25000Fc23276.6Fc18979.4Fc
OatsArea Harvested8586388390927789103694477
OatsProduction Quantity218040203870218286196099189099
OatsSeed17600F 17600F 17600* 14800* 14400*
OatsYield25393.9Fc23064.8Fc23527.8Fc21540.8Fc20015.3Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1371180A 1301160A 1170920A 1189110A 1185750A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1619500A 1485550A 1191090A 1146020A 1165670A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed29047.2A 29047.2A 27202.8A 23492.9A 25424.4A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield11811Fc11417.2Fc10172.3Fc9637.57Fc9830.68Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2169670A 2085190A 1949330A 1963480A 1880540A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1291340A 1177170A 989449A 981049A 854152A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed14700.1A 14700.1A 14142.4A 12582.4A 13095.6A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5951.77Fc5645.39Fc5075.84Fc4996.47Fc4542.06Fc
OkraArea Harvested6831Im6900F 7300F 7200F 5960Im
OkraProduction Quantity3666236748384323754336992
OkraYield53670Fc53258Fc52646.6Fc52143.1Fc62067.1Fc
OlivesArea Harvested798493784031778413774370694793
OlivesProduction Quantity17500001415000129065014642501075850
OlivesYield21916.3Fc18047.8Fc16580.5Fc18908.9Fc15484.5Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested20366Im21700F 20173Im20000F 21000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity153823165478169271168223185140
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield75529.3Fc76257.1Fc83909.7Fc84111.5Fc88161.9Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested65418Im6268865000F 75000F 64877
Onions, dryProduction Quantity21413701900000184958020071201859440
Onions, dryYield327337Fc303088Fc284551Fc267616Fc286610Fc
OrangesArea Harvested4316044727446504348040730
OrangesProduction Quantity17301501710500168992014271601426970
OrangesYield400869Fc382431Fc378482Fc328234Fc350349Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested83704Im95000F 103000F 105000F 103000F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity16479901611700167919017499401661130
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield196883Fc169653Fc163028Fc166661Fc161275Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested2689428773279002820029400
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity545902534903547219551906539435
Peaches and nectarinesYield202983Fc185904Fc196136Fc195711Fc183481Fc
PearsArea Harvested2090220252330603292033400
PearsProduction Quantity386382380003384244355476356281
PearsYield184854Fc187637Fc116226Fc107982Fc106671Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested13051154122813651297
Peas, dryProduction Quantity36283200360439203503
Peas, drySeed115.4Fc115.4Fc115.4Fc122.8Fc136.5Fc
Peas, dryYield27800.8Fc27729.6Fc29348.5Fc28718Fc27008.5Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested15538Im13000F 14000F 13000F 12000F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity10378790191950468882887743
Peas, greenYield66795.6Fc69377.7Fc67890Fc68329.2Fc73119.2Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested4350842310430634095440663
PistachiosProduction Quantity1120001280008179512011373416
PistachiosYield25742.4Fc30252.9Fc18994.3Fc29328.8Fc18054.7Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1965819540194001940019340
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity268696240806245782248185240874
Plums and sloesYield136685Fc123237Fc126692Fc127930Fc124547Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested5491151897488932004324586
Poppy seedProduction Quantity450773691034194108348981
Poppy seedYield8209.1Fc7112.16Fc6993.64Fc5405.38Fc3652.89Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested142985140665142684147812152512
PotatoesProduction Quantity46130704548090439771041965204246210
PotatoesSeed281000F 281000* 286000* 296000* 305000*
PotatoesYield322626Fc323328Fc308213Fc283909Fc278418Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested8324832497132093620481
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity90299316101352082921623
Pulses, nesYield10847Fc11191.7Fc10434.5Fc9948.89Fc10557.6Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested855272A 897190A 905533A 919765A 1146950A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1234280A 1344880A 1237240A 960328A 1385380A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed92996.8A 92996.8A 92996.8A 94559.3A 105449A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield14431.4Fc14989.9Fc13663.1Fc10441Fc12078.8Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested24980Im24000F 23000F 22000F 20000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity410804430402411942378706337882
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield164453Fc179334Fc179105Fc172139Fc168941Fc
QuincesArea Harvested104931023398001000010080
QuincesProduction Quantity127767121085962829539595015
QuincesYield121764Fc118328Fc98246.9Fc95395Fc94260.9Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested2683031232327092787810403
RapeseedProduction Quantity912391064501138868396528727
RapeseedSeed312.32Fc312.32Fc312.32Fc327.09Fc278.78Fc
RapeseedYield34006.3Fc34083.6Fc34817.9Fc30118.7Fc27614.2Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested9940098966964419949393799
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity900000860000750000753325648000
Rice, paddySeed19351F 19351F 193511990011268
Rice, paddyYield90543.3Fc86898.5Fc77767.8Fc75716.4Fc69083.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested143568A 141242A 143266A 147890A 152554A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4613950A 4548960A 4398610A 4196660A 4246280A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed281000A 281000A 286000A 296000A 305000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield321378Fc322069Fc307024Fc283769Fc278346Fc
RyeArea Harvested127653140905138488124137131700
RyeProduction Quantity365750365560343330246521240540
RyeSeed28000F 28000F 28000* 28000* 25000*
RyeYield28651.9Fc25943.7Fc24791.3Fc19858.8Fc18264.2Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested13167134982151553851694
Safflower seedProduction Quantity18228260002007670682280
Safflower seedSeed202.47Fc202.47Fc202.47Fc322.73Fc80.78Fc
Safflower seedYield13843.7Fc19262.1Fc9331.16Fc13125.4Fc13459.3Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested542000480439419873494891529852
Seed cottonProduction Quantity25800002150000172500018200002275000
Seed cottonYield47601.5Fc44750.7Fc41083.8Fc36775.8Fc42936.5Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested2664631804280172858929780
Sesame seedProduction Quantity1800023460210362033820010
Sesame seedSeed399.69Fc399.69Fc477.06Fc420.26Fc428.84Fc
Sesame seedYield6755.24Fc7376.43Fc7508.3Fc7113.92Fc6719.27Fc
SorghumArea Harvested2631763736
SorghumProduction Quantity180220390114116
SorghumYield69230.8Fc70967.7Fc51315.8Fc30810.8Fc32222.2Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested1789522335201101980019500
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity182234194989192705185435180917
Sour cherriesYield101835Fc87302Fc95825.5Fc93654Fc92777.9Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested26421234721051294448675
SoybeansProduction Quantity10226086540384423446130666
SoybeansSeed2347.2Fc2347.2Fc2347.2Fc1051.2Fc944.4Fc
SoybeansYield38704.1Fc36869.5Fc36569.6Fc36489.8Fc35349.9Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested42926Im36800373403518432315
Spices, nesProduction Quantity113783Im107000* 99881* 7896181722
Spices, nesYield26506.8Fc29076.1Fc26749.1Fc22442.3Fc25289.2Fc
SpinachArea Harvested23962Im23000F 24000F 24319Im24000F
SpinachProduction Quantity221632218291225343225746235731
SpinachYield92493.1Fc94909.1Fc93892.9Fc92827Fc98221.3Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested3320* 3340* 3550* 3680* 3650*
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity1733217117191691569614046
Stone fruit, nesYield52204.8Fc51248.5Fc53997.2Fc42652.2Fc38482.2Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested1196711679121501127910880
StrawberriesProduction Quantity302416299940291996261078250316
StrawberriesYield252708Fc256820Fc240326Fc231473Fc230070Fc
String beansArea Harvested7696Im8200F 9500F 8100F 8000F
String beansProduction Quantity7887170614690515939258710
String beansYield102483Fc86114.6Fc72685.3Fc73323.5Fc73387.5Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested297265328651323970320731298869
Sugar beetProduction Quantity1612650017942100172747001548830012414700
Sugar beetYield542496Fc545932Fc533219Fc482906Fc415389Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested655700641343583979577958554678
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity133500013200001057130992000854407
Sunflower seedSeed19240.3Fc19240.3Fc19240.3Fc17519.4Fc17338.7Fc
Sunflower seedYield20359.9Fc20581.8Fc18102.2Fc17163.9Fc15403.7Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested3230031627307702992029790
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity872251858699846390756473744339
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield270047Fc271508Fc275070Fc252832Fc249862Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested5835775827842
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity88387389814066
Taro (cocoyam)Yield15145.8Fc15130Fc15429.5Fc17948.7Fc15714.3Fc
TeaArea Harvested7589075851758517582676580
TeaProduction Quantity221600235000198601198046206160
TeaYield29200.2Fc30981.8Fc26183Fc26118.5Fc26920.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested80000F 80977139431146874144904
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity4500055000850009340374584
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield5625Fc6792.05Fc6096.21Fc6359.4Fc5147.13Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested269584Im304000F 330507Im300000F 226667Im
TomatoesProduction Quantity110034001005200010745600109854009945040
TomatoesYield408162Fc330658Fc325125Fc366180Fc438751Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested598502A 622003A 607784A 595409A 614215A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity857790A 1023630A 878134A 1202160A 883682A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield14332.3Fc16456.9Fc14448.1Fc20190.5Fc14387.2Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested2978326844283732739127494
TriticaleProduction Quantity10379793270987169372386476
TriticaleSeed3400F 3400F 3400F 3300F 3300F
TriticaleYield34851.1Fc34745.2Fc34792.2Fc34216.7Fc31452.7Fc
VanillaProduction Quantity287Im270Im244Im195Im200Im
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested12410Im13223Im13444Im13584Im13451Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity256275263158265259261462248910
Vegetables fresh nesYield206507Fc199015Fc197307Fc192478Fc185049Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1025590A 1089690A 1132000A 1086650A 1000140A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity27406600A 25901000A 26701500A 27136000A 25581700A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield267228Fc237693Fc235879Fc249722Fc255781Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1025590A 1089690A 1132000A 1086650A 1000140A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity27406600A 25901000A 26701500A 27136000A 25581700A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield267228Fc237693Fc235879Fc249722Fc255781Fc
VetchesArea Harvested8231695570122543107088111933
VetchesProduction Quantity107844121676156401111067144418
VetchesSeed8601.3Fc8601.3Fc8601.3Fc11028.9Fc9637.92Fc
VetchesYield13101.2Fc12731.6Fc12763Fc10371.6Fc12902.2Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested94959Im90683865338491782117
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity183240178142177298170897172572
Walnuts, with shellYield19296.8Fc19644.5Fc20489.1Fc20125.2Fc21015.4Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested146018Im150000F 148512Im140000F 135774Im
WatermelonsProduction Quantity38644903683100381021040022903796680
WatermelonsYield264658Fc245540Fc256559Fc285878Fc279632Fc
WheatArea Harvested80960008103400810000080900008097700
WheatProduction Quantity2180000019674000206000001778200017234000
WheatSeed1458610F 1458610145800014562001457590
WheatYield26926.9Fc24278.7Fc25432.1Fc21980.2Fc21282.6Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested1618017000172501737517500*
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity4328545000370004100041000
Almonds, with shellYield26752.2Fc26470.6Fc21449.3Fc23597.1Fc23428.6Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested1265016500175302150022000
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity84799500110001230013000
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield6702.77Fc5757.58Fc6274.96Fc5720.93Fc5909.09Fc
ApplesArea Harvested121480121000118333116667110000
ApplesProduction Quantity20020302570000210000026000002200000
ApplesYield164803Fc212397Fc177465Fc222857Fc200000Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested5340060000575005675055650
ApricotsProduction Quantity483459894000350000499000352000
ApricotsYield90535.4Fc149000Fc60869.6Fc87929.5Fc63252.5Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested2900F 2600F 2378Im2500F 2400F
ArtichokesProduction Quantity3500736000300002800027000
ArtichokesYield120714Fc138462Fc126156Fc112000Fc112500Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested3F 3F 3F 4F 4F
AsparagusProduction Quantity1012121717
AsparagusYield33333.3Fc40000Fc40000Fc42500Fc42500Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested100F 120F 100F 90F 100F
AvocadosProduction Quantity492475400370400
AvocadosYield49200Fc39583.3Fc40000Fc41111.1Fc40000Fc
BananasArea Harvested39163600300025202385
BananasProduction Quantity17820515000013000011000095000
BananasYield455069Fc416667Fc433333Fc436508Fc398323Fc
BarleyArea Harvested36498003650000360000034000003600000
BarleyProduction Quantity95510009500000900000081000008300000
BarleySeed662984Fc729960Fc730000Fc720000Fc680000Fc
BarleyYield26168.6Fc26027.4Fc25000Fc23823.5Fc23055.6Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested129051141200155000162000180000
Beans, dryProduction Quantity195970210000250000250000250000
Beans, drySeed10925Fc12905.1Fc14120Fc15500Fc16200Fc
Beans, dryYield15185.5Fc14872.5Fc16129Fc15432.1Fc13888.9Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested68000F 67000F 70000F 66000F 62000F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity563763555000582000545000515000
Beans, greenYield82906.3Fc82835.8Fc83142.9Fc82575.8Fc83064.5Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested6760* 7060* 7093* 7259* 7093*
Berries NesProduction Quantity5155855000500005500055000
Berries NesYield76269.2Fc77903.7Fc70492Fc75768Fc77541.2Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1053812400151001700018000
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity2131628000300003300032000
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed2169.2Fc2107.6Fc2480Fc3020Fc3400Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield20227.8Fc22580.7Fc19867.5Fc19411.8Fc17777.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested32000F 31000F 24100Im25336Im27808Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity686199675000700000721000720000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield214437Fc217742Fc290456Fc284575Fc258918Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested3575335500300
Canary seedProduction Quantity61100560600450
Canary seedSeed2.32Fc1.4Fc3Fc13.4Fc20Fc
Canary seedYield17428.6Fc13333.3Fc16716.4Fc12000Fc15000Fc
CarobsArea Harvested2830* 2820* 3160* 3150* 3060*
CarobsProduction Quantity1238812000140001400013500
CarobsYield43773.8Fc42553.2Fc44303.8Fc44444.4Fc44117.7Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested16942Im20000F 23000F 21000F 9689Im
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity402405390300439000405000235000
Carrots and turnipsYield237519Fc195150Fc190870Fc192857Fc242543Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested7300F 5900F 5600F 5500F 4700F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity15227612550011650010800090000
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield208597Fc212712Fc208036Fc196364Fc191489Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested13037300A 13885200A 13840300A 13406000A 13778000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity34404900A 36264200A 33976900A 30682900A 30710800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed2217560A 2359660A 2504610A 2498630A 2422240A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield26389.6Fc26117.3Fc24549.2Fc22887.5Fc22289.8Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested13037300A 13885200A 13840300A 13406000A 13778000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity34636600A 36464000A 34140100A 30806800A 30830700A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed2217560A 2359660A 2504610A 2498630A 2422240A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield26567.4Fc26261.1Fc24667.1Fc22979.9Fc22376.8Fc
CherriesArea Harvested3033126800250002400022400
CherriesProduction Quantity310254280000245000265000210000
CherriesYield102289Fc104478Fc98000Fc110417Fc93750Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested3726037800378003720036300*
ChestnutsProduction Quantity5381450000490004800047000
ChestnutsYield14442.8Fc13227.5Fc12963Fc12903.2Fc12947.7Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested524367557800606000630000660000
Chick peasProduction Quantity551746600000620000600000650000
Chick peasSeed60440.9Fc62924Fc66936Fc72720Fc75600Fc
Chick peasYield10522.1Fc10756.5Fc10231Fc9523.81Fc9848.48Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested6290Im7985Im8143Im7797Im7537Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity14508Im17946Im20003Im17493Im15391Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield23065.2Fc22474.6Fc24564.7Fc22435.5Fc20420.6Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested88000F 91500F 83707Im88000F 87500F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity18421801829000170000017900001750000
Chillies and peppers, greenYield209339Fc199891Fc203089Fc203409Fc200000Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested203210200203203
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity29853000250026503000
Citrus fruit, nesYield147044Fc142857Fc125000Fc130542Fc147783Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested97173A 94960A 95067A 94916A 90358A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3220440A 2913000A 2707500A 2487650A 2493000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield331413Fc306761Fc284799Fc262090Fc275903Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested4448170A 4550160A 4470340A 4241000A 4417950A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity13930600A 14364000A 12650100A 11426600A 10962700A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed748691A 819569A 829411A 816230A 775240A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield31317.7Fc31568.2Fc28297.8Fc26943.2Fc24813.9Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity976540863700935928919531988120
CottonseedProduction Quantity14765601291180142585013370701457120
CottonseedSeed31791.1Fc35382Fc32812.8Fc38402.7Fc38239.7Fc
CranberriesProduction Quantity64Im66Im56Im60Im55Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested43642Im51520Im52000Im54667Im60000F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity17996101745000172500017800001670000
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield412357Fc338703Fc331731Fc325608Fc278333Fc
DatesArea Harvested5890* 5900* 5700* 5500* 5500*
DatesProduction Quantity1929718000170001500015000
DatesYield32762.3Fc30508.5Fc29824.6Fc27272.7Fc27272.7Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested35000F 36000F 35000F 36000F 37000F
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity924165930000900000935000955000
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield264047Fc258333Fc257143Fc259722Fc258108Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested589765A 546945A 640420A 637979A 721737A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity976608A 863761A 936583A 920386A 989070A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield16559.3Fc15792.5Fc14624.5Fc14426.6Fc13704Fc
FigsArea Harvested6224059100606256062560000
FigsProduction Quantity290151285000275000280000250000
FigsYield46618.1Fc48223.3Fc45360.8Fc46185.6Fc41666.7Fc
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity86555550
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1042210A 1040820A 1033760A 1040610A 1019120A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity12224300A 12678300A 10771300A 11500500A 10628600A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield117292Fc121811Fc104196Fc110517Fc104291Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1750* 1765* 1725* 1818* 1795*
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity1678116300134501700016400
Fruit Fresh NesYield95891.4Fc92351.3Fc77971Fc93509.4Fc91364.9Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested10452* 10733* 10666* 10633* 8900*
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity9073780000730008000060000
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield86813.1Fc74536.5Fc68441.8Fc75237.5Fc67415.7Fc
GarlicArea Harvested15000F 16843Im17000F 19000F 15000*
GarlicProduction Quantity9611210900010900012500096000
GarlicYield64074.7Fc64715.3Fc64117.7Fc65789.5Fc64000Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested37303650360035703390
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity179988150000135000135000125000
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield482542Fc410959Fc375000Fc378151Fc368732Fc
GrapesArea Harvested513830516000520000530000530000
GrapesProduction Quantity40000603850000350000036000003500000
GrapesYield77847.9Fc74612.4Fc67307.7Fc67924.5Fc66037.7Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested2249025850260002800033000
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity7745485000800008500090000
Groundnuts, with shellSeed2594.2Fc2249Fc2585Fc2600Fc2800Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield34439.3Fc32882Fc30769.2Fc30357.1Fc27272.7Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested392860389696393000368357350296
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity661000530000350000480000600000
Hazelnuts, with shellYield16825.3Fc13600.3Fc8905.85Fc13030.8Fc17128.4Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested6565375650660
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity6055600800900
Hemp Tow WasteYield9230.77Fc8461.54Fc16000Fc12307.7Fc13636.4Fc
HempseedArea Harvested6565375650660
HempseedProduction Quantity1313308050
HempseedSeed4.5Fc4.5Fc4Fc3.75Fc6.5Fc
HempseedYield2000Fc2000Fc800Fc1230.77Fc757.58Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested11000F 8000F 4000F 5500F 2500F
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity109628000400055002500
Kiwi fruitYield9965.45Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested11859Im14000F 12170Im12711Im10390Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity320091326000295000305000290000
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield269914Fc232857Fc242399Fc239950Fc279115Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested5623Im6638Im6700F 5013Im5502Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity4872149000490004400044000
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield86645.9Fc73817.4Fc73134.3Fc87771.8Fc79970.9Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested2080020000196671917018565
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity710401600000600000550000525000
Lemons and limesYield341539Fc300000Fc305080Fc286907Fc282790Fc
LentilsArea Harvested424147439900439000442000492000
LentilsProduction Quantity622684570000540000540000565000
LentilsSeed31163.3Fc33933.5Fc35192Fc35120Fc35360Fc
LentilsYield14680.9Fc12957.5Fc12300.7Fc12217.2Fc11483.7Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested20000F 19600F 19000F 16309Im17900F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity390659372000362000340000345000
Lettuce and chicoryYield195330Fc189796Fc190526Fc208474Fc192737Fc
LinseedArea Harvested146176220250250
LinseedProduction Quantity848680110130
LinseedSeed4.05Fc7.3Fc8.8Fc11Fc12.5Fc
LinseedYield5753.42Fc4886.36Fc3636.36Fc4400Fc5200Fc
MaizeArea Harvested536000600000545000560000500000
MaizeProduction Quantity38110004200000300000028000002100000
MaizeSeed41000* 43000* 48000* 43600* 45000*
MaizeYield71100.8Fc70000Fc55045.9Fc50000Fc42000Fc
MelonseedProduction QuantityF F F F F
MilletArea Harvested35983600390040003650
MilletProduction Quantity69557200700070007200
MilletSeed104.19Fc107.94Fc108Fc117Fc120Fc
MilletYield19330.2Fc20000Fc17948.7Fc17500Fc19726Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested31834480510065009000
Mixed grainProduction Quantity397167007500900010000
Mixed grainSeed600* 600* 900* 1000* 1300*
Mixed grainYield12475.7Fc14955.4Fc14705.9Fc13846.2Fc11111.1Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity21833170001500013000F 11000F
Mustard seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Mustard seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Mustard seedYield
Nuts, nesArea Harvested891Im886Im879Im837Im800F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2184Im1793Im1405Im1872Im2000F
Nuts, nesYield24511.8Fc20237Fc15984.1Fc22365.6Fc25000Fc
OatsArea Harvested100111130000143000130000155000
OatsProduction Quantity208787270000270000270000290000
OatsSeed15000* 16000* 20800* 22900* 20800*
OatsYield20855.5Fc20769.2Fc18881.1Fc20769.2Fc18709.7Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1297130A 1216230A 1305850A 1384710A 1429820A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1381820A 1192960A 1243580A 1198700A 1257830A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed26018.9A 28444.6A 26715.5A 29784.5A 30751.6A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield10652.9Fc9808.69Fc9523.18Fc8656.72Fc8797.14Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1948950A 1860400A 1938850A 1999100A 2040540A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1145030A 918943A 1001840A 805178A 1036790A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed13087.6A 14034.7A 13423.6A 14230.9A 14449.5A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5875.12Fc4939.51Fc5167.18Fc4027.71Fc5080.94Fc
OkraArea Harvested6014Im7100F 8600F 7100F 5594Im
OkraProduction Quantity3684336000430003550031000
OkraYield61262.1Fc50704.2Fc50000Fc50000Fc55416.5Fc
OlivesArea Harvested651820644166633000614385610722
OlivesProduction Quantity1766750120000016000008500001800000
OlivesYield27104.9Fc18628.7Fc25276.5Fc13835Fc29473.3Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested22000F 20000F 21000F 22000F 21000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity200875200000207000220000210000
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield91306.8Fc100000Fc98571.4Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested6546677280780008200090000
Onions, dryProduction Quantity17654002070000204000017500002050000
Onions, dryYield269667Fc267857Fc261538Fc213415Fc227778Fc
OrangesArea Harvested4092040300413004067039200
OrangesProduction Quantity15358101445000130000012500001250000
OrangesYield375320Fc358561Fc314770Fc307352Fc318878Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested105000F 103000F 108000F 103000F 110000F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity17656101825000175000017350001820000*
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield168153Fc177184Fc162037Fc168447Fc165455Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested2770027800273002660026000
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity552775510000372000470000455000
Peaches and nectarinesYield199558Fc183453Fc136264Fc176692Fc175000Fc
PearsArea Harvested3320034700347003480035000
PearsProduction Quantity317750360000320000370000340000
PearsYield95707.8Fc103746Fc92219Fc106322Fc97142.9Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested15651400135011501450
Peas, dryProduction Quantity43733600350035004000
Peas, drySeed129.7Fc156.5Fc140Fc135Fc115Fc
Peas, dryYield27942.5Fc25714.3Fc25925.9Fc30434.8Fc27586.2Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested12800F 17400F 8300F 7700F 10000F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity89632122000580005400069000
Peas, greenYield70025Fc70114.9Fc69879.5Fc70129.9Fc69000Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested4037740000375723757037428*
PistachiosProduction Quantity11000060000300009000035000
PistachiosYield27243.2Fc15000Fc7984.67Fc23955.3Fc9351.29Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1893019000190001862518375
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity214416220000210000210000200000
Plums and sloesYield113268Fc115789Fc110526Fc112752Fc108844Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested4202325335303439943150741
Poppy seedProduction Quantity3018713644178095200019000
Poppy seedYield7183.45Fc5385.44Fc5869.23Fc5229.76Fc3744.51Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested157908154300179000195000198000
PotatoesProduction Quantity43973104090000480000053000005200000
PotatoesSeed316000* 308600* 358000* 390000* 396000*
PotatoesYield278473Fc265068Fc268156Fc271795Fc262626Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested1877122400825085006826
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity1968619460780082506976
Pulses, nesYield10487.5Fc8687.5Fc9454.55Fc9705.88Fc10219.8Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1251380A 1277100A 1326350A 1513650A 1595350A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1606160A 1565360A 1583800A 1558050A 1640100A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed114902A 124891A 128048A 135644A 153445A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield12835.1Fc12257.2Fc11941Fc10293.3Fc10280.5Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested17564Im20734Im20927Im22000F 20000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity364968368000364000368000345000
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield207793Fc177486Fc173938Fc167273Fc172500Fc
QuincesArea Harvested10400104301050010490* 10706*
QuincesProduction Quantity10621410000080000110000110000
QuincesYield102129Fc95877.3Fc76190.5Fc104862Fc102746Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested501470017002800550
RapeseedProduction Quantity126151200450065001500
RapeseedSeed106.83Fc53.89Fc7Fc17Fc28Fc
RapeseedYield25159.5Fc17142.9Fc26470.6Fc23214.3Fc27272.7Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested9910085000700006500060000
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity696000600000490000372000360000
Rice, paddySeed11270118901020084009000*
Rice, paddyYield70232.1Fc70588.2Fc70000Fc57230.8Fc60000Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested158024A 154520A 179230A 195240A 198280A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4397550A 4090070A 4800060A 5300080A 5200100A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed316000A 308600A 358000A 390000A 396000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield278284Fc264695Fc267816Fc271465Fc262260Fc
RyeArea Harvested131245130000143000140000150000
RyeProduction Quantity271000270000270000240000255000
RyeSeed26000* 26000* 26000* 28600* 28000*
RyeYield20648.4Fc20769.2Fc18881.1Fc17142.9Fc17000Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested43017316525040
Safflower seedProduction Quantity39521515017025
Safflower seedSeed25.41Fc6.45Fc2.6Fc2.48Fc3.75Fc
Safflower seedYield9186.05Fc12427.8Fc9090.91Fc6800Fc6250Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested589700546880640045637329721077
Seed cottonProduction Quantity25550002245000246000023460002542000
Seed cottonYield43327.1Fc41051.1Fc38434.8Fc36809.9Fc35252.8Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested3993942450430004400048000
Sesame seedProduction Quantity2654526000230002200022000
Sesame seedSeed446.7Fc599.09Fc636.75Fc645Fc660Fc
Sesame seedYield6646.39Fc6124.85Fc5348.84Fc5000Fc4583.33Fc
SorghumArea Harvested88
SorghumProduction Quantity229
SorghumYield26022.7Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested1738017166166661631715485
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity121499140000138000145000100000
Sour cherriesYield69907.4Fc81556.6Fc82803.3Fc88864.4Fc64578.6Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested119188600140002700025500
SoybeansProduction Quantity4730029000500008500075000
SoybeansSeed867.5Fc1191.8Fc860Fc1400Fc2700Fc
SoybeansYield39687.9Fc33720.9Fc35714.3Fc31481.5Fc29411.8Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested3460439163418004095067810
Spices, nesProduction Quantity6770467470536006156081250
Spices, nesYield19565.4Fc17228Fc12823Fc15033Fc11982Fc
SpinachArea Harvested25000F 24000F 21800F 20500Im22500F
SpinachProduction Quantity242231238000213000220000220000
SpinachYield96892.4Fc99166.7Fc97706.4Fc107317Fc97777.8Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested3460* 3868* 3870* 3952* 3814*
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity1361516500169001690015700
Stone fruit, nesYield39349.7Fc42657.7Fc43669.3Fc42763.2Fc41164.1Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested99851000097501040010000
StrawberriesProduction Quantity211127200000155000150000145000
StrawberriesYield211444Fc200000Fc158974Fc144231Fc145000Fc
String beansArea Harvested7700F 7332Im7400F 7100F 5900F
String beansProduction Quantity5583754000540005200043000
String beansYield72515.6Fc73649.8Fc72973Fc73239.4Fc72881.4Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested323714335812315344315303372468
Sugar beetProduction Quantity1445220015181200135170001262290016523200
Sugar beetYield446450Fc452074Fc428643Fc400342Fc443614Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested585400566000550000545000550000
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1118000975000900000800000850000
Sunflower seedSeed16640.3Fc17562Fc16980Fc16500Fc16350Fc
Sunflower seedYield19098Fc17226.2Fc16363.6Fc14678.9Fc15454.5Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested3152030800303003130329000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity791255715000670000550000590000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield251033Fc232143Fc221122Fc175702Fc203448Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested116220230240280
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity241676080100
Taro (cocoyam)Yield20775.9Fc3045.45Fc2608.7Fc3333.33Fc3571.43Fc
TeaArea Harvested7613676625766327664076645
TeaProduction Quantity201866217540201663153800135000
TeaYield26513.9Fc28390.2Fc26315.8Fc20067.8Fc17613.7Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested146166185342192710183043191000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity98137135247133913112158152856
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield6714.08Fc7297.16Fc6948.94Fc6127.41Fc8002.93Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested228714Im270000F 255000F 260000F 255000F
TomatoesProduction Quantity985488010050000944000098200009450000
TomatoesYield430882Fc372222Fc370196Fc377692Fc370588Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested564151A 560965A 556501A 529672A 506310A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity999897A 836793A 593405A 790872A 845000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield17723.9Fc14917Fc10663.1Fc14931.4Fc16689.4Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested241113200030000
TriticaleProduction Quantity7764211000095000
TriticaleSeed3000F 3900F 3600F
TriticaleYield32201.9Fc34375Fc31666.7Fc
VanillaProduction Quantity170F 119Im100F 180Im232Im
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested13572Im16022Im16171Im17000F 17200F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity274319267750254100271100273550
Vegetables fresh nesYield202121Fc167114Fc157133Fc159471Fc159041Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested987099A 1068470A 1033860A 1053440A 1062090A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity25738900A 26359600A 25270600A 25914600A 25834600A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield260753Fc246703Fc244431Fc246000Fc243243Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested987099A 1068470A 1033860A 1053440A 1062090A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity25738900A 26359600A 25270600A 25914600A 25834600A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield260753Fc246703Fc244431Fc246000Fc243243Fc
VetchesArea Harvested142941102000101650253000237077
VetchesProduction Quantity190385134300132500123300132124
VetchesSeed10074Fc12864.7Fc9180Fc9148.5Fc22770Fc
VetchesYield13319.1Fc13166.7Fc13034.9Fc4873.52Fc5573.04Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested7658375583700006833363986*
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity129614150000126000130000120000
Walnuts, with shellYield16924.6Fc19845.7Fc18000Fc19024.5Fc18754.1Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested137000F 143000F 138000F 153000F 165000F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity38053103970000382500042500004575000
WatermelonsYield277760Fc277622Fc277174Fc277778Fc277273Fc
WheatArea Harvested84900009250000930000091000009300000
WheatProduction Quantity2001000021500000210000001900820019508000
WheatSeed14576001528200166500016740001638000
WheatYield23568.9Fc23243.2Fc22580.7Fc20888.1Fc20976.3Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea38247Q 39012Q 38911Q 39122Q 39505Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea326Q 192Q 250Q 142Q 135Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea289Q 318Q 252Q 25Q 39Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea5215Q 5215Q 5215Q 5215Q 5215Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea615Q 510Q 502Q 167Q 174Q
Arable landArea20539Q 21384Q 21351Q 21555Q 21979Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea23630Q 24395Q 24294Q 24505Q 24888Q
Arable land area certified organicArea153Q 66Q 74Q 84Q 85Q
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea289Q 318Q 252Q 25Q 39Q
Arable land organic, totalArea443Q 384Q 326Q 109Q 124Q
Country areaArea78356Q 78356Q 78356Q 78356Q 78356Q
Fallow landArea4017Q 4249Q 4323Q 4259Q 4219Q
Forest areaArea11452.8Fm11334Q 11215.2Fm11096.4Fm10977.6Fm
Inland waterArea1393Fm1393Fm1393Fm1393Q 1393Q
Land areaArea76963Q 76963Q 76963Q 76963Q 76963Q
Other landArea27263.2Fm26617Fm26836.8Fm26744.6Fm26480.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea3091Q 3011Q 2943Q 2950Q 2909Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea37Q 45Q 38Q 61Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea32Q 20Q 15Q 21Q
Permanent crops organic, totalArea69Q 65Q 53Q 82Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea14617Q 14617Q 14617Q 14617Q 14617Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea3Q 4Q 3Q 3Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea30Q 21Q 0.1Q 0.1Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea33Q 25Q 3.1Q 3.1Q
Temporary cropsArea16522Q 17135Q 17028Q 17296Q 17760Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea5215Q 5215Q 5215Q 5215Q 5215Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea40493Q 41223Q 41210Q 40644Q 41196Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea162Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea31Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea5215Q 5215Q 5215Q 5215Q 5215Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea193Q 204Q 210Q
Arable landArea22981Q 23830Q 23871Q 23372Q 23994Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea25876Q 26606Q 26593Q 26027Q 26579Q
Arable land area certified organicArea70Q
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea31Q
Arable land organic, totalArea100Q
Country areaArea78356Q 78356Q 78356Q 78356Q 78356Q
Fallow landArea4691Q 4876Q 4956Q 4991Q 5040Q
Forest areaArea10858.8Fm10740Q 10621.2Fm10502.4Fm10383.6Fm
Inland waterArea1393Fm1393Fm1393Fm1393Fm1393Fm
Land areaArea76963Q 76963Q 76963Q 76963Q 76963Q
Other landArea25611.2Fm25000Fm25131.8Fm25816.6Fm25383.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea2895Q 2776Q 2722Q 2655Q 2585Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea70Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea13Q
Permanent crops organic, totalArea83Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea14617Q 14617Q 14617Q 14617Q 14617Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea8Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea0.2Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea8.2Q
Temporary cropsArea18290Q 18954Q 18915Q 18381Q 18954Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea5215Q 5215Q 5215Q 5215Fm5215Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data