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Datasheet

Thailand

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Thailand
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Area (km2): 513,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Bangkok
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 63,832,135
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,400
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$217,182,601,216
  • GDP: US$245,350,563,840
  • Agriculture, value added: US$28,029,212,672
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentChen et al., 2008
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentSchneider et al., 1993
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentNeramitmansook et al., 2003
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentPromintara, 1990
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al., 2010
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentIMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAmano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedYesFrederickson et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedReddy &, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentChandrasrikul, 1962; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentOu, 1963; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentEPPO, 2014; Ono, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentLorsuwan et al., 1984; Poolpol & Pupipat, 1985; Ono et al., 1992; Poonpolgul & Surin, 1980; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, few occurrences
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRicaud et al., 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentShivas et al., 2007
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Disease not reportedMcLeod et al., 2008
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentNativeMartel et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentCIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1969; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedWongkobrat, 1988; Waterhouse, 1993; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1983; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; UK CAB International, 1968; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentIntroducedLavens & Sorgeloos, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentNativeNakao et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2000; ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly)Restricted distributionDrew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABIKEY
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)WidespreadWhite & Elson-Harris, 1992; Allwood et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Natural History Museum London
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadYesWaterhouse, 1993a; Drew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM London UK
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentNHM London UK
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosaPresentWhite & Elson-Harris, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentNativeHardy, 1973; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedTawatsin et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentYano et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentRethinam & Singh, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeStephenson, 1972a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)PresentNativeWee & Ng, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedChang, 2001; FAO-DIAS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeYesWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesJames, 1947
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)No information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)PresentMumford & Ho, 1988; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentWongkobrat, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite)PresentRao, 1974; Waterhouse, 1993; Ahmad, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadBram, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentNativeHauser, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentPitaksa et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)WidespreadSarkar et al., 2014; García et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1981; Pinratana, 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)LocalisedNativePinratana, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentNativeBeaver, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993; APPPC, 1987; Wood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Ben-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966; APPPC, 1987; Kaydan & Gullan, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; UK CAB International, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Kudô, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentNHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentNapompeth, 1990; Showler & Melcher, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; RTDA, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993; Honsaprug, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Restricted distributionMartinez, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; Rushtapakornchai et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedRosenberry , 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentNativeNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1979; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Absent, unreliable recordWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; Pinratana, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentMuniappan et al., 2009b; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesParsa et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)LocalisedIntroducedYesMuniappan, 2009; Siam Insect-Zoo and Museum, 2007; Ghulam et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentKane et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Williams, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)WidespreadSukprakarn, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeWaterhouse, 1993; APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedPapp et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano, 1978; Knutson & Orth, 1984; Knutson & Ghorpade, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentSukprakarn, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentYesWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1993; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; Udorn & Unahawutti et al. unda; NPPO of Thailand, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Waterhouse, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentBlackman & Eastop, 1984; APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMartin, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; Martin et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentVongpakorn & Neramitmansook, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)No information availableOIE, 2009; Warrit et al., 2006; Chantawannakul et al., 2006; Laigo & Morse, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentNativeEPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973; Wood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeBeaver & Browne, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeBeaver & Browne, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)WidespreadNativeCoyle, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentVidthayanon & Kottelat, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Piyakarnchana, 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationBorghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentNativeCorbet & Hill, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)PresentNativeCorbet & Hill, 1992; Thorington et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentNativeClements et al., 2014; Clement & Juana, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)Absent, invalid recordIntroducedNorthern Snakehead Working Group, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid)PresentIntroducedNico et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeVidthayanon & et al. , 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedYesFAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedNativeYesWells, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentGreathead & Greathead, 1992; Welcomme, 1988; Piyakarnchana, 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresentNativeRobson, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeHeemstra & Randall, 1993; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesBanpot, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedBartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVidthayanon, 2005; Csavas , 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentNativeJiang et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeMasuda & et al. , 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988; Iongh & Zon, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedNico et al., 2007; Froese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedYesRobson, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python)WidespreadNativeChan-ard et al., 1999; Cox, 1991; Cox et al., 1998; Taylor & Elbel, 1958
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedTeixeira et al., 2001; DIAS, 2004; FAO, 2005; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentSudto, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedBartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, few occurrencesNativeWells, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentNativeYesAguirre & Poss, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)LocalisedIntroducedPattarmanon, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentOliveira et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionMead, 1979; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeBrandt, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)LocalisedIntroducedWangkulangkul & Lheknim, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentNativeNACA, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentIntroducedMochida, 1991; Halwart & Bartley, 2006; Hayes et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadIntroducedKeawjam & Upatham, 1990; Hayes et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentMoravec, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentTimm, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Restricted distributionHashioka, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)WidespreadTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Buangsuwon et al 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRatanaprapa & Chunram, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentChunram, 1972; Shepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Ruanpanun & Khun-in, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentChunram, 1972; Madamba, 1981; Kanjanasoon, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadSiddiqi, 1972; Chunram, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentTimm, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadChunram, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeLewmanomont, 1998; Ratana-arporn & Chirapart, 2006; Ruangchuay et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeTakara, 1981; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012; Tagawa & Iwatsuki, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeBoonkerd et al., 2008; Holttum, 1976; Lindsay & Middleton, 2013; To-anun et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeKato, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeLindsay & Middleton, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Garrison Hanks, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)WidespreadPeudpaichit et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesPallewatta et al., 2003; Gunn & Ritchie, 1982; Chomchalow, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Abbott, 1988b; Lewmanomont, 1994; Terada et al., 1999; Tseng & Xia, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedMarcar et al., 1991a; Booth & Turnbull, 1994; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedPinyopusarerk & Puriyakorn, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)WidespreadNoda et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; IRRI, 1989; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeKrisnawati et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993; Sankaran & Ramaseshiah, 1974; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Parham, 1958; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedJansen et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBurke & DiTommaso, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentMorton, 1987; Samson, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; Boonklinkajorn, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesBoontawee, 1996; Stoney , 1997; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedAguilar, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts & Tulig, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativePIER, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedRojo & Pitargue, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativePongpanich et al., 1996; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993; Noda et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadPholprasith et al., 1978; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Jacobs, 1960; Philcox, 1996; Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentWearn & Mabberley, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentDeori et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedYesRenner et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle, 2007; Smithsonian, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedTjitrosoedirdjo, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentDetpiratmongkol et al., 2005; Dumri Lertsiri, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)WidespreadNoda et al., 1985; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeNoda et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentNoda et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentYesWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedNoda et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedICRAF, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993; Noda et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedRevilla et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IRRI, 1989; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; Nachapong & Mabbet, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentNativeRojo et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentQuattrocchi, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentNativeRojo et al., 1999; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNemoto et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993a; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013; Puangpen, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativePIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionPieterse, 1981; Siriworakul et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; Garrity et al., 1996; McDonald & Chandler, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Mattapha & Chantaranothai, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Stripen et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionGilliland et al., 1971; Noda et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedOudhia & Tripathi, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Soontornchainaksaeng & Jenjittikul, 2003; Padua et al., 1999; Matchacheep, 1995; Thailand Department of Agriculture, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; Reed, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentIntroducedYesMoody, 1989; Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentYongboonkird et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentMoody, 1989; Raven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeAiry Shaw, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedLim, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedIUCN, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforetry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Restricted distributionNapompeth, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativeWatanabe et al., 1988; Simsiri & Namsawath, 1993; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentVan & Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeEPPO Executive Committee, 2012; ISSG, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Restricted distributionIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedWaterhouse & Norris, 1987; Moody, 1989; Napompeth, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993; Noda et al., 1994; Suwanarak, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)WidespreadIntroducedYesNapompeth, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989; Noda et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Scholz, 1988; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeLock & Heald, 1994; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGalinato et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNapompeth & Bay-Petersen, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeSukon, 2007; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Ohwi, 2010; Zungsontiporn, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentClayton, 1970; Ivens, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentChang, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)WidespreadNativePuff, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedLock & Heald, 1994; PIER, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedFalvey & Hengmichai, 1978; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Restricted distributionNativeYesWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadNativeDirekbusarakom et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadYesWaterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedMcVaugh, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentGeesink, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativePIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Restricted distributionIntroducedPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativevan der Maesen, 1985; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)WidespreadNativeCsurhes & Hankamer, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionNativeWaterhouse, 1993; Millhollon & Burner, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)WidespreadNativeDe Gennaro, 2011; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedAkkasaeng et al., 1989; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentCock & Evans, 1984; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentTeerawatsakul et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)WidespreadIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993; Noda et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016; Puff, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, unreliable recordMoldenke, 1948; Moldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeMcGrath et al., 1957; EPPO, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)Unconfirmed recordCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentNativeChantaranothai & Parnell, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedHarada et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua & Edmonds, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionNoda et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentNativePIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentMohanasundaram et al., 1973; Waterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentNativeValkenburg & Bunyapraphatsara, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeJSTOR, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentNativeBranney, 2005; Govaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedPiumsomboon et al., 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeMcClure et al., 1978
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentLister & Ranieri, 1995
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentBrunt et al., 1990; Dahal & Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusextra small virusPresentSudthongkong, 2007
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusPresentSudthongkong, 2007
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentYeh & Gonsalves, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusWidespreadTemeeyasen et al., 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1959OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentNielsen et al., 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentNativeThanapase et al., 1983; Thongrit et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusyellow head virusPresentChantanachookin et al., 1993

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseasePresentChonsin et al., 2016; Kongrueng et al., 2015
African horse sicknessNo information availableOIE, 2009
African swine feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentChen et al., 2008; OIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentChansiri, 1997; Dissamarn et al., 1968; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisPresentMoravec, 2006
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997; Pollarp, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009; Li et al., 2004; OIE, 2005a
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentNativeMartel et al., 2014
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Apiwatnakorn et al., 1996
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsReported present or known to be presentDance, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesJames, 1947
ChytridiomycosisDisease not reportedMcLeod et al., 2008
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Laak, 1992; Lefèvre, 1991
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineNo information availableOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentBoonyaratpalin , 1983
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentKasornchandra et al., 1987
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Aiumlamai et al., 1992
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009; Tonguthai , 1985
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentNeramitmansook et al., 2003; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentWattanavijarn et al., 1988
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hori et al., 1986; Rojanasuphot et al., 1998; Gould et al., 1974; Daniels et al., 2002
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2004c
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE
Pasteurella multocida infectionsWidespreadUnchitti et al., 1992
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeMcClure et al., 1978
porcine enterovirus infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaWidespreadTemeeyasen et al., 2014
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009; Ito et al., 1999
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraNo information availableOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentNielsen et al., 2005
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentChansiri et al., 1999; Kakuda et al., 1998; Gubbels et al., 2000
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
TrichinellaLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentVongpakorn & Neramitmansook, 2003; OIE, 2009
trypanosomosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
tuberculosisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009; Warrit et al., 2006; Chantawannakul et al., 2006; Laigo & Morse, 1969
Venezuelan equine encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hubalek & Halouzka, 1999
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
white tail diseasePresentSudthongkong, 2007
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al., 2010
yellow head diseasePresentChantanachookin et al., 1993

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ArecanutsArea Harvested17832Im23326Im24000F 21000F 23000F
ArecanutsProduction Quantity31203Im40649Im41000F 35000F 39000F
ArecanutsYield17498.3Fc17426.5Fc17083.3Fc16666.7Fc16956.5Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested16558Im16657171461778321164
AsparagusProduction Quantity61891Im63108648246706278924
AsparagusYield37378.3Fc37886.8Fc37807.1Fc37711.3Fc37291.6Fc
BananasArea Harvested142128Im133527133162132491132021
BananasProduction Quantity2036430Im1584900152808015404801929280
BananasYield143281Fc118695Fc114753Fc116271Fc146134Fc
BarleyArea Harvested10562Im11000F 10967Im10559Im10498Im
BarleyProduction Quantity19486Im20000F 19699Im19371Im19420Im
BarleyYield18449.2Fc18181.8Fc17962.1Fc18345.5Fc18498.8Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested151203Im131676Im136800134880142880
Beans, dryProduction Quantity121786Im103924Im103000100000113253
Beans, drySeed8640Fc8640Fc8640Fc8640Fc8697.6Fc
Beans, dryYield8054.47Fc7892.4Fc7529.24Fc7414Fc7926.44Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested170594167091155102156493164429
Beans, greenProduction Quantity301070310363297927294356305766
Beans, greenYield17648.3Fc18574.5Fc19208.5Fc18809.5Fc18595.6Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested3391440925393633912838700
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity490660549877496374495576479998
Cabbages and other brassicasYield144678Fc134362Fc126102Fc126655Fc124030Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested84193Im87683Im80861Im77855Im77404Im
Canary seedProduction Quantity33677.2Fc35073.2Fc32344.4Fc31420Im31500Im
Canary seedYield4000Fc4000Fc4000Fc4035.71Fc4069.56Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested1823023847245362508925893
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity2906037857381844061243048
Cashew nuts, with shellYield15940.8Fc15875Fc15562.4Fc16187.2Fc16625.3Fc
CassavaArea Harvested11353901168450132674011835401174210
CassavaProduction Quantity2191240022005700300880002515580026915500
CassavaYield192994Fc188332Fc226781Fc212547Fc229222Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested1324112780132531313613015
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity1134012197116801133010982
Castor oil seedSeed41.05Fc41.05Fc39.62Fc41.08Fc40.72Fc
Castor oil seedYield8564.31Fc9543.82Fc8813.1Fc8625.15Fc8437.96Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested3216Im3235345534573459
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity40082Im40870432754740748052
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield124633Fc126337Fc125253Fc137133Fc138919Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested12958200A 13495400A 12447900A 11922700A 11854100A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity28198300A 28915300A 26345100A 25652400A 25594100A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed712568A 712568A 712670A 712520A 694554A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield21761Fc21426Fc21164.3Fc21515.6Fc21591Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested81616Im85000F 80000F 74000F 74000F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity204601Im210000F 200000F 185000F 185000F
Cereals, nesSeed2448.48Fc2448.48Fc2550Fc2400Fc2220Fc
Cereals, nesYield25068.7Fc24705.9Fc25000Fc25000Fc25000Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested12958200A 13495400A 12447900A 11922700A 11854100A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity39716200A 40764700A 37039700A 36192100A 36283200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed712568A 712568A 712670A 712520A 694554A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield30649.6Fc30206.3Fc29755.8Fc30355.6Fc30608.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested64341Im71803713057098470605
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity139322Im158883165458162637159109
Chillies and peppers, dryYield21653.7Fc22127.6Fc23204.3Fc22911.8Fc22535.1Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1321Im1329Im1300F 1200F 1100F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity17632Im17979Im18000F 16000F 15000F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield133475Fc135282Fc138462Fc133333Fc136364Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested2662Im2501Im2525Im1655Im1658Im
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity11389Im8864Im8929Im5518Im6232Im
Citrus fruit, nesYield42783.6Fc35441.8Fc35362.4Fc33341.4Fc37587.4Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested98651A 97136A 109499A 116410A 123240A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1295830A 1127780A 1377520A 1549960A 1714130A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield131354Fc116103Fc125802Fc133147Fc139088Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1326760A 1374760A 1305420A 1238170A 1184160A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5126660A 5179850A 4922540A 4540380A 4182750A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed25595.3A 25595.3A 25696.8A 25546.8A 24064.4A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield38640.4Fc37678.2Fc37708.4Fc36670.1Fc35322.5Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested290Im311319366390
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity760Im763781823932
Cocoa beansYield26206.9Fc24533.8Fc24482.8Fc22486.3Fc23897.4Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested215993230950237882245725255697
CoconutsProduction Quantity10553201298150138098014839301721640
CoconutsYield48859Fc56209.1Fc58053.2Fc60389.9Fc67331.3Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested5166357518584546218667941
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity4239448955563155044255660
Coffee, greenYield8205.87Fc8511.25Fc9634.07Fc8111.47Fc8192.4Fc
CoirProduction Quantity60000F 60000F 60000F 50000F 50000F
Cotton lintProduction Quantity2262.01Fc2668.68Fc2800.35Fc2992.5Fc2997.85Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity4488.13Fc5295Fc5556.25Fc5937.5Fc5948.13Fc
CottonseedSeed144Fc144Fc144Fc144Fc144Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested2452223449231122324723015
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity261400236955233720231549271485
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield106598Fc101051Fc101125Fc99603.8Fc117960Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested2210Im2223203419472084
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity34289Im34963339973379830047
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield155154Fc157278Fc167144Fc173590Fc144179Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested850F 900F 920F 950F 950F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity700F 725F 850F 950F 950F
Fibre Crops NesYield8235.29Fc8055.56Fc9239.13Fc10000Fc10000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested40645A 43157A 44514A 45686A 48368A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity41851.8A 48256.1A 50808.7A 54152.5A 54663.8A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield10296.9Fc11181.5Fc11414.1Fc11853.2Fc11301.7Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1246130A 1171820A 1144930A 1156710A 1155550A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity13090300A 10273600A 10148900A 10338200A 11912400A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield105048Fc87672.7Fc88642.5Fc89376Fc103089Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested21000F 20000Im23000F 20000F 20003Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity325000F 296800Im315279Im350000F 372751Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield154762Fc148400Fc137078Fc175000Fc186348Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested532208Im500000F 464105473452472452
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity3212240Im2500000F 228118019710402511380
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield60356.8Fc50000Fc49152.2Fc41631.3Fc53156.3Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1194910836110941382112094
GarlicProduction Quantity7558968108714338564874711
GarlicYield63259.7Fc62853.4Fc64388.9Fc61969.5Fc61775.3Fc
GingerArea Harvested9757102481008198559048
GingerProduction Quantity152630172681170125161505153284
GingerYield156431Fc168502Fc168758Fc163881Fc169412Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested33826Im31779321583250032154
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity378979Im294949305500320122308079
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield112038Fc92812.6Fc94999.7Fc98499.1Fc95813.6Fc
GrapesArea Harvested44784426433742494177
GrapesProduction Quantity7845877285754037328971561
GrapesYield175208Fc174616Fc173860Fc172485Fc171322Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested3011428405326353267432519
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity4783745344457155301553559
Groundnuts, with shellSeed3283.8Fc3283.8Fc3283.8Fc3283.8Fc3385.4Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield15885.3Fc15963.4Fc14008Fc16225.4Fc16470.1Fc
JuteArea Harvested1414Im1362Im1346Im14331301
JuteProduction Quantity2184Im2105Im1936Im29142331
JuteYield15445.5Fc15455.2Fc14383.4Fc20335Fc17917Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested3143A 3027A 3442A 2849A 3918A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity4699A 4529A 4839A 4972A 5705A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield14950.7Fc14962Fc14058.7Fc17451.7Fc14561Fc
Kapok FibreProduction Quantity45000F 45000F 45000F 45000F 45000F
Kapok FruitArea Harvested29876Im31982Im32733Im33837Im35445Im
Kapok FruitProduction Quantity103560Im122177Im128198Im137000F 136300*
Kapok FruitYield34663.3Fc38201.8Fc39164.8Fc40488.2Fc38453.9Fc
Kapokseed in ShellProduction Quantity85954.8Fc101407Fc106404Fc113710Fc113129Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested274Im276Im270F 240F 225F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity1959Im1998Im2000F 1800F 1700F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield71496.4Fc72391.3Fc74074.1Fc75000Fc75555.6Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1488317606161441689818005
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity120441171074152536162747174443
Lemons and limesYield80925.2Fc97168Fc94484.6Fc96311.4Fc96885.9Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested35763637363236313509
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity2917031326311933072429174
Lettuce and chicoryYield81571.6Fc86131.4Fc85883.8Fc84615.8Fc83140.5Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1122050116290011048701042830989992
MaizeProduction Quantity48166504860750461612042493503890220
MaizeSeed22716.8Fc22716.8Fc22716.8Fc22716.8Fc21414.4Fc
MaizeYield42927.2Fc41798.5Fc41779.8Fc40748.3Fc39295.5Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested34099Im34304352363536534292
Maize, greenProduction Quantity255274Im260294267705268731260200
Maize, greenYield74862.6Fc75878.6Fc75974.9Fc75987.8Fc75877.8Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested331084Im311048308026305114297601
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity3277250Im2550600246981023741702302690
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield98985.4Fc82000.2Fc80181.9Fc77812.6Fc77375.1Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity6791Im6925Im6933Im6366Im6394Im
Natural rubberArea Harvested20425001929260185607018195001766850
Natural rubberProduction Quantity33489003051780309028031669103024210
Natural rubberYield16396.1Fc15818.4Fc16649.6Fc17405.4Fc17116.4Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested12631Im16523Im17000F 18000F 18000F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity15982Im20820Im21000F 22000F 22000F
Nuts, nesYield12653Fc12600.6Fc12352.9Fc12222.2Fc12222.2Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested600000F 568364510003461555426120
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity107768008223140816270092705106389980
Oil palm fruitYield179613Fc144681Fc160052Fc200854Fc149957Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1063940A 1066410A 1019570A 990118A 980164A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity465360A 492883A 507283A 524551A 528076A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed4063.02A 4063.02A 4062.59A 4060.2A 4313.1A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4373.94Fc4621.91Fc4975.46Fc5297.87Fc5387.63Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1077180A 1079190A 1032820A 1003250A 993179A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1910300A 1705770A 1823550A 1994960A 1511730A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed1909.01A 1909.01A 1908.08A 1906.64A 1985.2A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield17734.3Fc15806.1Fc17656Fc19884.9Fc15221.1Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested1551115685165621696817292
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity195228180696201662199435208995
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield125864Fc115203Fc121762Fc117536Fc120862Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1733Im1743151615751779
Onions, dryProduction Quantity45568Im46464449774642852748
Onions, dryYield262943Fc266575Fc296682Fc294781Fc296504Fc
OrangesArea Harvested22000F 21500Im21550Im21485Im21527Im
OrangesProduction Quantity425000F 372700Im395880Im414401Im468044Im
OrangesYield193182Fc173349Fc183703Fc192879Fc217422Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested1729Im1665209614162617
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity2515Im2424290320583374
Other BastfibresYield14546Fc14558.6Fc13850.2Fc14533.9Fc12892.6Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity285900F 285900Im300000* 294000* 240000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity1530000* 1287510138760015437601051090
PapayasArea Harvested13163Im12366121401187611609
PapayasProduction Quantity271877Im211594206762201099195377
PapayasYield206546Fc171109Fc170315Fc169332Fc168298Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested597454434431423
Peas, greenProduction Quantity69105216485946964589
Peas, greenYield115745Fc114890Fc111959Fc108956Fc108487Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested12101991214220602787
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity439563916730585210419
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield36322.3Fc32099.5Fc31419.2Fc28407.8Fc37384.3Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested10341393312906569311694449
PineapplesProduction Quantity25932101924660189486022781602815280
PineapplesYield250762Fc206261Fc209017Fc244658Fc298074Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested99219371761676107981
PotatoesProduction Quantity145898132818126386114499125703
PotatoesSeed8052.66Fc8052.66Fc8052.66Fc8052.66Fc7575.48Fc
PotatoesYield147060Fc141733Fc165948Fc150459Fc157503Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested95465Im91330Im90267Im89000F 79000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity120794Im111384Im108150Im105000F 80000F
Pulses, nesSeed4650Fc4650Fc4650Fc4650Fc4650Fc
Pulses, nesYield12653.2Fc12195.8Fc11981.1Fc11797.8Fc10126.6Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested246668A 223006A 227067A 223880A 221880A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity242580A 215308A 211150A 205000A 193253A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed13290A 13290A 13290A 13290A 13347.6A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9834.27Fc9654.81Fc9299.02Fc9156.69Fc8709.8Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested18857Im18970174831719815102
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity203121Im207116194524192305176975
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield107717Fc109181Fc111265Fc111818Fc117186Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested1163030012119500111414001068350010668900
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity3458840035583600321161003165060032099400
Rice, paddySeed686803Fc686803Fc686803Fc686803Fc670320Fc
Rice, paddyYield29739.9Fc29360.6Fc28825.9Fc29625.7Fc30086.9Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested14576Im14990143251378113645
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity225480Im226300221946231817217394
Roots and Tubers, nesYield154693Fc150967Fc154936Fc168215Fc159321Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1167970A 1201120A 1358080A 1213320A 1204170A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity22373500A 22454800A 30540700A 25589500A 27352100A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed8052.66A 8052.66A 8052.66A 8052.66A 7575.48A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield191559Fc186949Fc224882Fc210904Fc227146Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested6731Im7206Im7375Im8000F 8000F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity7181Im8472Im8890Im9500F 9517
Seed cottonYield10668.5Fc11756.9Fc12054.2Fc11875Fc11896.3Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested6621166145657696561465430
Sesame seedProduction Quantity4884047542460394429042939
Sesame seedSeed827.64Fc827.64Fc826.81Fc822.11Fc820.18Fc
Sesame seedYield7376.42Fc7187.54Fc7000.11Fc6750.08Fc6562.59Fc
SisalArea Harvested45Im42Im44Im50Im55Im
SisalProduction Quantity16Im15Im14Im28Im32Im
SisalYield3555.56Fc3571.43Fc3181.82Fc5600Fc5818.18Fc
SorghumArea Harvested2834128178287263292532267
SorghumProduction Quantity5225054030543785523456613
SorghumSeed430Fc430Fc430Fc430Fc430Fc
SorghumYield18436.2Fc19174.5Fc18929.9Fc16775.7Fc17545.2Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested89733106291106760116684126386
SoybeansProduction Quantity176152177055176152186598201291
SoybeansSeed2936.25Fc2936.25Fc2936.25Fc2936.25Fc3208.75Fc
SoybeansYield19630.7Fc16657.6Fc16499.8Fc15991.7Fc15926.7Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested1826Im2038Im2026Im2011Im2000F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity2754Im3141Im3181Im3112Im3000F
Spices, nesYield15082.2Fc15412.2Fc15700.9Fc15474.9Fc15000Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested12592409779569324651029260986220
Sugar caneProduction Quantity9595040068807800668164007350160064365500
Sugar caneYield761971Fc703588Fc716557Fc714121Fc652649Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested25281Im27063264132602930567
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity20030Im23631223951934622999
Sunflower seedYield7922.95Fc8731.85Fc8478.78Fc7432.48Fc7524.13Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested25280Im23750371224387249896
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity360016Im280190514678647171757328
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield142411Fc117975Fc138645Fc147513Fc151781Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested8080Im8309Im9395Im8393Im8330Im
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity89674Im90000F 104395Im87377Im93500Im
Taro (cocoyam)Yield110983Fc108316Fc111118Fc104107Fc112245Fc
TeaArea Harvested2021419459186351813816958
TeaProduction Quantity7332067241637076155757362
TeaYield36271.9Fc34555.2Fc34186.8Fc33938.1Fc33825.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested3156531198308363187042570
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity6790059540624496193058562
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield21511.2Fc19084.6Fc20252Fc19432.1Fc13756.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested58276013609359176187
TomatoesProduction Quantity118370124930145957140437122324
TomatoesYield203141Fc207767Fc239549Fc237345Fc197711Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested30861A 40370A 41536A 43089A 43893A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity45042A 58677A 59184A 62612A 65048A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield14595.1Fc14534.8Fc14248.8Fc14530.9Fc14819.7Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested127420Im128185126225126785125381
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity1076290Im1097450107736010679501113600
Vegetables fresh nesYield84467.9Fc85614.5Fc85352.4Fc84233.1Fc88817.3Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested513408A 516490A 505346A 517116A 534121A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3738950A 3812470A 3816910A 3901710A 4110570A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield72826.1Fc73815.1Fc75530.6Fc75451.3Fc76959.5Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested513408A 516490A 505346A 517116A 534121A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3738950A 3812470A 3816910A 3901710A 4110570A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield72826.1Fc73815.1Fc75530.6Fc75451.3Fc76959.5Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested41230Im41478452895193063886
WatermelonsProduction Quantity517656Im527836580188671440829885
WatermelonsYield125553Fc127257Fc128108Fc129297Fc129901Fc
WheatArea Harvested1114Im1160Im1070Im1031Im1025Im
WheatProduction Quantity1173Im1204Im1094Im1076Im1079Im
WheatSeed170F 170F 170F 170F 170F
WheatYield10529.6Fc10379.3Fc10224.3Fc10436.5Fc10526.8Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ArecanutsArea Harvested16000F 13000F 33500F 17566Im16000F
ArecanutsProduction Quantity27000F 22000F 56000F 27000F 25000F
ArecanutsYield16875Fc16923.1Fc16716.4Fc15370.6Fc15625Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested1860620658200461720416876
AsparagusProduction Quantity7869787144981797846467155
AsparagusYield42296.6Fc42184.1Fc48976.8Fc45608Fc39793.2Fc
BananasArea Harvested126505118595124378148360103200
BananasProduction Quantity16765001623470107886013993801312020
BananasYield132524Fc136892Fc86740.4Fc94323.3Fc127134Fc
BarleyArea Harvested10000F 14000F 12000* 11500* 7000*
BarleyProduction Quantity18000F 27000F 23000F 22000F 13595
BarleyYield18000Fc19285.7Fc19166.7Fc19130.4Fc19421.4Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested145120152800177760231680273440
Beans, dryProduction Quantity112452112000134892178000216315
Beans, drySeed9129.6Fc17300F 9744Fc11232Fc14592Fc
Beans, dryYield7748.9Fc7329.84Fc7588.43Fc7683.01Fc7910.88Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested166726172034197432248279292674
Beans, greenProduction Quantity301901291039297447325133382733
Beans, greenYield18107.6Fc16917.5Fc15065.8Fc13095.5Fc13077.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested3641338695375273962652995
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity478456449025482364517811854253
Cabbages and other brassicasYield131397Fc116042Fc128538Fc130675Fc161195Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested73734Im74857Im73611Im75000F 35000F
Canary seedProduction Quantity29197Im29942.8Fc29444.4Fc30000Fc14000Fc
Canary seedYield3959.77Fc4000Fc4000Fc4000Fc4000Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested2728033968264442541520422
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity4637760506421264349235345
Cashew nuts, with shellYield17000.4Fc17812.7Fc15930.3Fc17112.7Fc17307.3Fc
CassavaArea Harvested107081098590810573401021840988220
CassavaProduction Quantity2258440016938200214405001971750016868300
CassavaYield210910Fc171803Fc202778Fc192961Fc170694Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested1291613407126741327013114
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity1017110391981399279724
Castor oil seedSeed40.35Fc40.04Fc41.56Fc39.29Fc41.14Fc
Castor oil seedYield7874.73Fc7750.43Fc7742.62Fc7480.78Fc7414.98Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested29703381346628963605
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity4274147490584894045146438
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield143909Fc140461Fc168751Fc139679Fc128816Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested11319800A 11463300A 11270400A 11434200A 10941700A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity23895800A 24519100A 23564900A 24127000A 23155900A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed696980A 674980A 673543A 653695A 663178A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield21109.7Fc21389.3Fc20908.6Fc21100.7Fc21163.1Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested42000F 35000F 30000F 28000F 27000F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity105000F 86000F 75000F 70000F 66000F
Cereals, nesSeed2220Fc3000F 1050Fc900Fc840Fc
Cereals, nesYield25000Fc24571.4Fc25000Fc25000Fc24444.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested11319800A 11463300A 11270400A 11434200A 10941700A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity33766500A 34606300A 33068100A 33941700A 32477200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed696980A 674980A 673543A 653695A 663178A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield29829.6Fc30188.9Fc29340.6Fc29684.3Fc29682.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested7038869596694526905867685
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity156101152164150422145644141109
Chillies and peppers, dryYield22177.2Fc21863.9Fc21658.4Fc21090.1Fc20847.9Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1000F 1100F 12001200F 1250F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity13000F 15000F 1680015500F 15000F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield130000Fc136364Fc140000Fc129167Fc120000Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested2500F 1700F 2700F 1600F 1298Im
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity9500F 6500F 10000F 5900F 4853Im
Citrus fruit, nesYield38000Fc38235.3Fc37037Fc36875Fc37388.3Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested132408A 130981A 116882A 129057A 137109A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1800460A 1585690A 1346750A 1393830A 1430600A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield135978Fc121063Fc115223Fc108001Fc104340Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1153630A 1237290A 1276600A 1269320A 1287140A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity4123610A 4313530A 4529060A 4467380A 4484600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed23014.8A 24810A 23674A 23944.8A 23581.3A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield35744.8Fc34862.8Fc35477.6Fc35195.1Fc34841.7Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested465469468665930
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity10971069116712871026
Cocoa beansYield23591.4Fc22793.2Fc24935.9Fc19353.4Fc11032.3Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested258187265403270368278417293251
CoconutsProduction Quantity18153901940330212584021173002037150
CoconutsYield70313Fc73108.8Fc78627.6Fc76047.8Fc69467.8Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested6878069535709327044770289
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity4687359644617655390753447
Coffee, greenYield6814.92Fc8577.55Fc8707.64Fc7652.14Fc7603.89Fc
CoirProduction Quantity40000F 40000F 46000F 32000F 20000F
Cotton lintProduction Quantity2754.04Fc4430.48Fc4507.96Fc4329.04Fc4439.92Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity6343.75Fc8790.63Fc8944.38Fc8589.38Fc8809.38Fc
CottonseedSeed144Fc160F 207.76Fc130.3Fc130.23Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested2277923580221642108721859
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity256362280840271219253042266914
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield112543Fc119101Fc122369Fc119999Fc122107Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested19402167399745735048
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity1508017668392585983966650
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield77732Fc81532.1Fc98218.7Fc130853Fc132032Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested950F 950F 960F 859Im950F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity950F 950F 960F 826Im950F
Fibre Crops NesYield10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc9615.83Fc10000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested53359A 65787A 58833A 56575A 63765A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity58139A 70073.5A 67810A 65134A 70517.9A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield10895.8Fc10651.6Fc11525.8Fc11512.9Fc11059Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1133640A 1130840A 1068600A 1068750A 943287A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity10850900A 10076500A 9762570A 9559850A 9586470A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield95716.7Fc89106Fc91358.6Fc89449.2Fc101628Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested21114Im20505Im18583Im17000F 17500F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity358901Im289660Im278741Im252000F 260000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield169982Fc141263Fc149998Fc148235Fc148571Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested458236442860417240396614374945
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity20118902492250265683022940702667330
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield43905.1Fc56276.3Fc63676.3Fc57841.4Fc71139.2Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1333116831155162080822085
GarlicProduction Quantity8137610659895909104832126423
GarlicYield61042.7Fc63334.3Fc61813Fc50380.6Fc57243.8Fc
GingerArea Harvested8208785566731004213533
GingerProduction Quantity106710139048114676166295208135
GingerYield130007Fc177018Fc171851Fc165599Fc153798Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested3165830736216622647832322
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity295210276628197716265750267288
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield93249.7Fc90001.3Fc91273.2Fc100366Fc82695.4Fc
GrapesArea Harvested40954038292937152870
GrapesProduction Quantity7026168468474655683150469
GrapesYield171578Fc169559Fc162052Fc152977Fc175850Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested3831039894399934608268876
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity64648665956486876070112149
Groundnuts, with shellSeed3388.8Fc7000F 4117Fc4135.9Fc4741.6Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield16875Fc16693Fc16219.8Fc16507.5Fc16282.7Fc
JuteArea Harvested191226012351Im3075Im3400F
JuteProduction Quantity318745893021Im4347Im5000F
JuteYield16668.4Fc17643.2Fc12849.9Fc14136.6Fc14705.9Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested6637A 14704A 12580A 10311A 14043A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity9427A 19686A 17332A 14955A 19095A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield14203.7Fc13388.2Fc13777.4Fc14503.9Fc13597.5Fc
Kapok FibreProduction Quantity45000F 45000F 450004500046000
Kapok FruitArea Harvested36978Im38535Im38000F 38100F 38080
Kapok FruitProduction Quantity136300* 136300* 136300* 136300* 139400*
Kapok FruitYield36859.8Fc35370.4Fc35868.4Fc35774.3Fc36607.1Fc
Kapokseed in ShellProduction Quantity113129Fc113129Fc113129Fc113129Fc115702Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested215F 200F 200F 183Im190F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity1600F 1500F 1500F 1318Im1400F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield74418.6Fc75000Fc75000Fc72021.9Fc73684.2Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1757417645179572898033973
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity173449173661166909215916242708
Lemons and limesYield98696.4Fc98419.4Fc92949.3Fc74505.2Fc71441.4Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested34502927357028583864
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity2717329567303402448635288
Lettuce and chicoryYield78762.3Fc101015Fc84986Fc85675.3Fc91325.1Fc
MaizeArea Harvested9956141072720112512011032701146670
MaizeProduction Quantity39183304093630434147042489904259290
MaizeSeed20364.8Fc20950F 22099.2Fc22528Fc22218.1Fc
MaizeYield39355.9Fc38161.2Fc38586.7Fc38512.7Fc37144.9Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested2663434424382953461736032
Maize, greenProduction Quantity221909247979305094249144255221
Maize, greenYield83317.9Fc72036.7Fc79669.4Fc71971.6Fc70831.8Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested281988310118283505275144209231
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity20932201802670197502019553101775530
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield74230.8Fc58128.5Fc69664.4Fc71065Fc84859.8Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity6964Im9123Im10000F 8503Im9035Im
Natural rubberArea Harvested17429001691100165599016006401553760
Natural rubberProduction Quantity30705202979720300672028600902633120
Natural rubberYield17617.3Fc17620Fc18156.6Fc17868.4Fc16946.8Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested20000F 19000F 19000F 19000F 18000F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity25000F 23000F 23000F 23000F 22000F
Nuts, nesYield12500Fc12105.3Fc12105.3Fc12105.3Fc12222.2Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested379872324193309165287903263018
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity67150405002670518180049025804001380
Oil palm fruitYield176771Fc154311Fc167606Fc170286Fc152133Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested957986A 930617A 903098A 916702A 949811A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity524780A 535360A 540214A 552689A 572065A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed4720.78A 6238.25A 5088.92A 5245.51A 5463.82A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5477.95Fc5752.74Fc5981.79Fc6029.1Fc6022.93Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested970902A 944024A 915772A 929972A 962925A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1622600A 1249710A 1306040A 1352510A 1125960A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed2077.95A 3194.07A 2318.19A 2349.29A 2528.11A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield16712.3Fc13238.1Fc14261.6Fc14543.6Fc11693.1Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested1742417325178281634816073
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity225378213060232537173336193899
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield129349Fc122978Fc130434Fc106029Fc120636Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested14201866227519552728
Onions, dryProduction Quantity3842757355885003788169292
Onions, dryYield270613Fc307369Fc389011Fc193765Fc254003Fc
OrangesArea Harvested22723Im22068Im20000F 19467Im19000F
OrangesProduction Quantity450653Im363710Im350000F 371401Im340000F
OrangesYield198325Fc164813Fc175000Fc190785Fc178947Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested47251210310229723610643
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity624015097143111060814095
Other BastfibresYield13206.4Fc12473.8Fc13990.6Fc14660Fc13243.5Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity191000* 158000* 168000* 157000* 137000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity1167130783953820838863835641608
PapayasArea Harvested81715534160771743618966
PapayasProduction Quantity13444330961277923309003351693
PapayasYield164537Fc55946.9Fc172870Fc177221Fc185433Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested396320330443346
Peas, greenProduction Quantity42653617352254393572
Peas, greenYield107702Fc113031Fc106727Fc122777Fc103237Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested30273120315231842440
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity1215613837129521281010197
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield40158.6Fc44349.4Fc41091.4Fc40232.4Fc41791Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested10112598208890048142079466
PineapplesProduction Quantity27051802183280210098018994201738830
PineapplesYield267509Fc222312Fc236055Fc233287Fc218814Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested77597538696966698066
PotatoesProduction Quantity118569113881998138673297370
PotatoesSeed8015.04Fc7000F 7523.01Fc6782.49Fc6951.78Fc
PotatoesYield152815Fc151076Fc143224Fc130052Fc120717Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested79000F 79000F 79000F 79000F 57000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity80000F 80000F 80000F 80000F 58000F
Pulses, nesSeed4150Fc4150F 4150Fc4150Fc4150Fc
Pulses, nesYield10126.6Fc10126.6Fc10126.6Fc10126.6Fc10175.4Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested224120A 231800A 256760A 310680A 330440A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity192452A 192000A 214892A 258000A 274315A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed13279.6A 21450A 13894A 15382A 18742A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield8587.01Fc8283Fc8369.37Fc8304.36Fc8301.51Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested1165711297250551749724138
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity130783140985298969204036322877
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield112193Fc124799Fc119325Fc116612Fc133763Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested10165200102250009992870101639009653530
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity2964190030291900285382002947350027991800
Rice, paddySeed673795Fc650000F 649699Fc629580Fc639427Fc
Rice, paddyYield29160.2Fc29625.3Fc28558.6Fc28998.2Fc28996.4Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested12369105381052790237457
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity183527151887191338147547135789
Roots and Tubers, nesYield148377Fc144133Fc181759Fc163523Fc182096Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1098540A 1010980A 1081340A 1043530A 1008920A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity22965000A 17282400A 21804500A 20019000A 17157900A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed8015.04A 7000A 7523.01A 6782.49A 6951.78A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield209051Fc170946Fc201644Fc191839Fc170062Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested8743115427239723510644
Seed cottonProduction Quantity1015014065143111374314095
Seed cottonYield11609.3Fc12185.9Fc19769.3Fc18995.2Fc13242.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested6503564838637386350463250
Sesame seedProduction Quantity4105442144410314048439532
Sesame seedSeed817.88Fc815F 810.48Fc796.73Fc793.8Fc
Sesame seedYield6312.6Fc6499.89Fc6437.45Fc6375.03Fc6250.12Fc
SisalArea Harvested51Im56Im54Im70F 48Im
SisalProduction Quantity29Im28Im31Im45F 31Im
SisalYield5686.27Fc5000Fc5740.74Fc6428.57Fc6458.33Fc
SorghumArea Harvested3227840712358685154971468
SorghumProduction Quantity53085769606015096388131716
SorghumSeed430Fc860F 524.8Fc516.8Fc523.2Fc
SorghumYield16446.2Fc18903.5Fc16769.8Fc18698.3Fc18430.1Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested137640144192145938149706174838
SoybeansProduction Quantity214773225718217514230516259863
SoybeansSeed3724.65Fc3900F 3804Fc4052Fc4038.93Fc
SoybeansYield15604Fc15654Fc14904.5Fc15397.9Fc14863.1Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested2396Im2470Im2471Im2521Im1900F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity3397Im3867Im3619Im3580Im2850F
Spices, nesYield14177.8Fc15655.9Fc14645.9Fc14200.7Fc15000Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested942396103523011111701105110986019
Sugar caneProduction Quantity4765810049586400649957007425850060013000
Sugar caneYield505712Fc478989Fc584930Fc671956Fc608639Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested3322142020286574575537854
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity2422938176220903232429175
Sunflower seedYield7293.28Fc9085.2Fc7708.41Fc7064.58Fc7707.24Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested5795358832545635253250516
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity871644765195622123534864575747
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield150405Fc130064Fc114019Fc101817Fc113973Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested7600Im7000F 6500F 6000F 5181Im
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity78500F 78400F 72800F 67200F 56476Im
Taro (cocoyam)Yield103289Fc112000Fc112000Fc112000Fc109006Fc
TeaArea Harvested160241528914992107698602
TeaProduction Quantity5378251570518174333336321
TeaYield33563.4Fc33730.1Fc34563.1Fc40238.7Fc42223.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested3212030497305023707432780
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity6583571953682497529077693
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield20496.6Fc23593.5Fc22375.3Fc20308Fc23701.3Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested60577665790178177689
TomatoesProduction Quantity122849196322207430194714129199
TomatoesYield202822Fc256128Fc262536Fc249090Fc168031Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested47280A 52968A 45444A 44415A 38422A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity71377A 83506A 65126A 66492A 57345A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield15096.7Fc15765.4Fc14331Fc14970.6Fc14925Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested119072118968121616116662110328
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity990833102297010869701021020945163
Vegetables fresh nesYield83212.9Fc85987Fc89377.2Fc87519.5Fc85668.5Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested502796A 516161A 588766A 624994A 647001A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3828350A 3865630A 4071340A 3675480A 4313970A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield76141.3Fc74891.9Fc69150.4Fc58808.2Fc66676.4Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested502796A 516161A 588766A 624994A 647001A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3828350A 3865630A 4071340A 3675480A 4313970A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield76141.3Fc74891.9Fc69150.4Fc58808.2Fc66676.4Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested5270642723703487094129221
WatermelonsProduction Quantity790559648343446813360527523461
WatermelonsYield149994Fc151755Fc63514.7Fc50820.7Fc179139Fc
WheatArea Harvested976Im991Im975Im993Im982Im
WheatProduction Quantity1000F 901Im862Im822Im799Im
WheatSeed170F 170F 170F 170F 170F
WheatYield10245.9Fc9091.83Fc8841.03Fc8277.95Fc8136.46Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea21060Fm21060Fm20879.4Fm20050Fm19800Fm
Agricultural area organic, totalArea34.1I 30.8I 22.2I 24.6I
Arable landArea15760Fm15760Fm15695.4Fm15250Fm15200Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea20260Fm20260Fm20079.4Fm19250Fm19000Fm
Country areaArea51312W 51312W 51312Q 51312W 51312W
Fallow landArea
Forest areaArea18986.8Fm18972Q 18957.2Fm18942.4Fm18927.6Fm
Inland waterArea223Fm223Fm223Fm223Fm223Fm
Land areaArea51089Fm51089Fm51089Fm51089Fm51089Fm
Other landArea11042.2Fm11057Fm11252.4Fm12096.6Fm12361.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea4500Fm4500Fm4384W 4000Fm3800Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea800Fm800Fm800Fm800Fm800Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea6415Fm6415Fm6415Fm6415Fm6415I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea19700Fm19610Fm19555Fm19554Fm19689Fm
Agricultural area organic, totalArea21.7I 21.7I
Arable landArea15200Fm15200Fm15200Fm15200Fm15389Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea18900Fm18810Fm18755Fm18754Fm18889Fm
Country areaArea51312W 51312W 51312W 51312Q 51312Q
Fallow landArea
Forest areaArea18912.8Fm18898Q 18919.2Fm18940.4Fm18961.6Fm
Inland waterArea223Fm223Fm223Fm223Fm223Fm
Land areaArea51089Q 51089Fm51089Fm51089Q 51089Q
Other landArea12476.2Fm12581Fm12614.8Fm12594.6Fm12438.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea3700Fm3610Fm3555Fm3554Q 3500F
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea800Fm800Fm800Fm800F 800F
Total area equipped for irrigationArea6305Fm6187Fm6070Fm5950Fm5830Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data