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Datasheet

Romania

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Romania
  • General data
  • Region: Eastern Europe
  • Area (km2): 238,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Bucharest
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 21,546,873
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$6,390
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$137,692,741,632
  • GDP: US$165,976,293,376
  • Agriculture, value added: US$13,444,079,616
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1919OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentNémeth, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionPloaie, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentNémeth, 1986
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)WidespreadIntroducedYesBaicu et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, formerly presentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedSchrimpf et al., 2012
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentBolea et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentSutton, 1980; Marcu et al., 1997
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Bolen et al., 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesDoina & Ghizdavu, 1991
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier & Kirk, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008; Smith et al., 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedYesSmith et al., 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentProdan, 1935; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeUK CAB International, 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeSavulescu, 1953; Crane, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentBlada, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentIonescu-Cajocaru, 1979
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedSurugiu, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)WidespreadNativeCeianu & Teodorescu, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadIonescu, 1985; Popescu, 1989; Peiu, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)WidespreadCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, few occurrencesKarsholt & Razowski, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesSefrová & Lastuvka, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Olenici & Duduman, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)WidespreadNativeCristescu et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli, 2004; Trotus et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentNativeCarausu, 1943
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSavescu &, 1982; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentVoicu et al., 1987; Talmaciu & Talmaciu, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)No information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)LocalisedIntroducedYesSzekely et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesKiss et al., 2005b; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentNativeWattier et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)PresentNativeScobiola-Palade, 1982; Liston, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentBorusiewicz & Capecki, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)PresentGlavendekic, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentHerea et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon, 1995; EPPO, 2014; Scobiola-Palade, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentYesMacavei et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentMarkó & Pozsgai, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)Introduced, not establishedDanzig & Pellizari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentNativeBacescu, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Proorocu, 1998; Proorocu & Oprean, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeSimionescu, 1995; Simionescu, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)PresentNativeEPPO/CABI &, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentOlenici et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentNativeMihalciuc et al., 1998; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Stef & Buzinovschi,1982; Bob et al.,1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)WidespreadNativeYesDrosu, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniWidespreadNativeAudzijonyte et al., 2009; Bacescu, 1940; Popescu & Prunescu-Arion, 1960; Wittmann, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentFilip & Alexandri, 1977; Filip, 1986; Rosian, 1989; Filip, 1990; Filip, 1985; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadGiese & Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesMihalciuc & Simionescu , 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedTomescu & Negru, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentPerju et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentGogan et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeYesAlthoff & Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeConstantineanu, 1983; Mihalache et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentGrozea et al., 2015; Grozea et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeYesWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedMicu & Nita, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)WidespreadCeianu, 1962; Ceianu et al., 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979; Ben-Dov et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentPopescu-Gorj, 1964; Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeCAB European, 1998; Lucht, 1987; EPPO, 2014; Simionescu & Mihalache, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeYesBorcea, 1924; Borcea, 1930; Marcu, 1930; Negru, 1966; Negru, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadMostata, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiPresentIntroducedBacescu, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentNastase, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeNegru & Pirvescu, 1966; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM London UK, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentTeodorescu & Simionescu, 1994; Dissescu & Ceianu, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadDrugescu, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Mitrea, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Orosi-Pal, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeArcher, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionNativeBud, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedFAO (Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationBorghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Lusk, pers. comm.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeWhitehead, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Holcik, 1991; FAO-DIAS, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadNativeBalon, 1994; Steffens, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)WidespreadNativeIacob & Dima, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedFAO, 1997; DAISIE, 2013; Olenin et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)LocalisedIntroducedYesBanarescu, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)WidespreadNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Blanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentLaiu & Murariu, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)PresentNativePinchuk et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentNativePinchuk et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentIntroducedBarbu, 1969; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999; Nowak & Pielowski, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedNiethammer & Krapp, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMicu et al., 2010; Uloth & Prien, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)PresentIntroducedYesCovaciu-Marcov et al., 2011; Nalbant et al., 2004; Popa et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Blanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedMicu, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedYesPaunovic et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)LocalisedIntroducedHelix Consulting, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentCastillejo, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentNativeSon, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedYesMicu & Telembici, 2004; Popa and Popa OPLO, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeGrossu & Lupu, 1960; Wiktor & Jurkowska, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)WidespreadIntroducedYesGrossu, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedYesCIESM, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionRomascu & Lemeni, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedMarks & Rojancovski, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRojancovski & Dehebanu, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentFauna Europaea, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionRomascu et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRomascu et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentRomascu & Zinca, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedRadulescu & Georgescu, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedLawalree, 1964; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedDobrescu & Soare, 2012; Negrean, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeCaraus, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedChirila & Pintilie, 1986; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, few occurrencesNativeSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeSavulescu, 1952
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Clarke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentChirila & Pintilie, 1985; Aellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)LocalisedIntroducedIamonico, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedLove, 1976; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentSlonovschi, 1982; Naoy & Sarpe, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedYesSîrbu, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)WidespreadNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Popescu & Sanda , 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeGroza, 1986; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedFitter & Peat, 1994; Tutin, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeSlonovschi et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeYesTutin et al., 1976; Ochsmann, 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004; Sharpe et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNegrean & Ioana, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedAnastasiu & Memedemin, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentTanase & Oprean, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeWilliams & Hunyadi, 1987; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHeywood & Ball, 1968; Marusca et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015; Togor & Burescu, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedBadea & Raicu, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeSirbu & Slonovschi, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Diaconu, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedYesAnastasiu et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDandy, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; Sârbu et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)WidespreadPintilie & Chirila, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentChirita, 1990; USDA-ARS, 2015; Dadar, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas & Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)LocalisedIntroducedSukopp & Starfinger, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentBotta-Dukát & Balogh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)WidespreadSlonovschi, 1982; Chirita et al., 1998; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1976; Filep et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006; Sîrbu & Oprea, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentPopescu et al., 1983; Webb, 1968; Chirila & Pintil, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedTrepl, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifoliaPresentIntroducedFollak et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeYesPele et al., 2008; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadYesSarpe et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedCadar, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2015; ILDIS, 2015; Flora Europaea, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedYesPricop & Cristea, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008; Valentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentOprea et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHanganu et al., 1994; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentSarpe et al., 1981; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStoian et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)WidespreadNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentCoste, 1970; Cristea & Groza, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadTUTIN & ET, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesNagoda et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedPairon et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; Vanhellemont, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentChater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedUK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentSarpe et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSirbu & Oprea, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeSavulescu, 1964; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeChater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)WidespreadUSDA-ARS, 2014; CiocÔrlan, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentCiorlaus, 1983; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentSlonovschi et al., 1987; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedWinter et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentClapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1997; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008; Stefan, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentLove, 1976
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 1965OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentCociu et al., 1972
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1973OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 1942OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)WidespreadPop, 1962; Pop et al., 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)WidespreadIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1886OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Bunaciu et al., 1986
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentCociu et al., 1972
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Popa, 1998
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedRadulescu & Georgescu, 1962
bovine anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedSchrimpf et al., 2012; OIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1973OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisPresentMircean et al., 2014; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Fijan, 1999
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFAO, 1997; OIE, 1998
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentIonita et al., 2013
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Anon, 1997
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Orosi-Pal, 1975
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediPresentOIE, 2009
West Nile feverPresentOIE, 2009; Hubalek & Halouzka, 1999
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested1149514641877072285378
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity1115715828706374882857
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield9705.96Fc10810.7Fc8053.59Fc10359.7Fc5312.38Fc
ApplesArea Harvested5272256373526375470459017
ApplesProduction Quantity620362552860517491459016475370
ApplesYield117667Fc98071.8Fc98313.2Fc83909Fc80548Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested25472618257829313314
ApricotsProduction Quantity3374523804324993212527567
ApricotsYield132489Fc90924.4Fc126063Fc109604Fc83183.5Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested52Im49Im50F 100F 149Im
ArtichokesProduction Quantity589Im545Im550F 1100F 1656Im
ArtichokesYield113269Fc111224Fc110000Fc110000Fc111141Fc
BarleyArea Harvested419109510488514907386706338727
BarleyProduction Quantity1329690131104011820601209410531420
BarleySeed94299.5Fc1186391190289062783511
BarleyYield31726.6Fc25682.1Fc22956.8Fc31274.7Fc15688.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested2410524958296733611840070
Beans, dryProduction Quantity2135121059223482515718014
Beans, drySeed520Fc2513299736154210
Beans, dryYield8857.5Fc8437.78Fc7531.43Fc6965.23Fc4495.63Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested1054710786108521117210277
Beans, greenProduction Quantity6025755734559286164945498
Beans, greenYield57131.9Fc51672.5Fc51537Fc55181.7Fc44271.7Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested316Im321Im329Im337Im330Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity2643Im2422Im2585Im2442Im2200*
Berries NesYield83639.2Fc75451.7Fc78571.4Fc72462.9Fc66666.7Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested273Im278Im285Im291Im285Im
BlueberriesProduction Quantity2402Im2201Im2349Im2220Im2000*
BlueberriesYield87985.4Fc79172.7Fc82421.1Fc76288.7Fc70175.4Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested4721247227484524922046511
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity10278409836481004190967627899245
Cabbages and other brassicasYield217707Fc208281Fc207255Fc196592Fc193340Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1655216360176431795515988
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity245508221082215346234752185094
Carrots and turnipsYield148325Fc135136Fc122057Fc130745Fc115771Fc
Castor oil seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Castor oil seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Castor oil seedSeed
Castor oil seedYield
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested26622550247720682301
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity3915931632306982420126011
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield147104Fc124047Fc123932Fc117026Fc113042Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested5219700A 5019320A 5265060A 5182160A 4757070A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity20820400A 16692400A 14848800A 16810900A 7806580A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed795690A 828614A 836652A 797812A 750037A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield39888.2Fc33256.3Fc28202.6Fc32439.9Fc16410.5Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested498Im457
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity732Im922
Cereals, nesSeed89.64F 89.64F 89.64F 89.64Fc89.64Fc
Cereals, nesYield14698.8Fc20175Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5219700A 5019320A 5265060A 5182160A 4757070A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity20842200A 16712900A 14873000A 16827200A 7815740A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed795690A 828614A 836652A 797812A 750037A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield39929.8Fc33297.1Fc28248.4Fc32471.3Fc16429.7Fc
CherriesArea Harvested68536930684676287688
CherriesProduction Quantity8184270290678746766465163
CherriesYield119425Fc101429Fc99144Fc88704.8Fc84759.4Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested2322
ChestnutsProduction Quantity322935449
ChestnutsYield145000Fc116667Fc220000Fc45000Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested8515378487598
Chick peasProduction Quantity10413475585496
Chick peasSeed3.4Fc3763949
Chick peasYield12235.3Fc8758.17Fc9615.38Fc12012.3Fc8294.31Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity
Chicory rootsYield
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested54403Im56277Im50552Im41664Im31000F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity47690Im47150Im35418Im28170Im33000F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield8766.06Fc8378.2Fc7006.25Fc6761.23Fc10645.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested2000120998199172016218522
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity253505243493245661238682184939
Chillies and peppers, greenYield126746Fc115960Fc123342Fc118382Fc99848.3Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3261180A 2854390A 3111170A 3073880A 2858070A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity13645300A 10839500A 9598010A 9597270A 4743770A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed185724A 218347A 229631A 203318A 201399A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield41841.6Fc37974.7Fc30850.2Fc31222Fc16597.8Fc
Cotton lintProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedSeedF F F F F
CranberriesArea Harvested80Im81Im83Im85Im83Im
CranberriesProduction Quantity395Im362Im386Im364Im328Im
CranberriesYield49375Fc44691.4Fc46506Fc42823.5Fc39518.1Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1315412614131221296012590
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity195855172059176482173643119822
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield148894Fc136403Fc134493Fc133984Fc95172.4Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested225016128
CurrantsProduction Quantity3019181129
CurrantsYield13636.4Fc3800Fc11250Fc9166.67Fc36250Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested10020103119927105359701
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity160010144391168588153677114116
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield159691Fc140036Fc169828Fc145873Fc117633Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1630A 1628A 1635A 1632A 1624A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3089A 3080A 3100A 3096A 3072A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield18950.9Fc18918.9Fc18960.2Fc18970.6Fc18916.3Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested30Im28Im35F 3224
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity89Im80Im100F 9672
Flax fibre and towYield29666.7Fc28571.4Fc28571.4Fc30000Fc30000Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested323946A 329447A 338084A 344957A 336176A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2373260A 2173920A 2320570A 2191250A 1956300A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield73260.8Fc65987Fc68638.9Fc63522.5Fc58192.8Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested6897Im7016Im7200F 7000F 4746Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity63390Im58082Im62000F 60000F 34000*
Fruit Fresh NesYield91909.5Fc82785.1Fc86111.1Fc85714.3Fc71639.3Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1212812803131421377311431
GarlicProduction Quantity6660267215632457233349948
GarlicYield54915.9Fc52499.4Fc48124.3Fc52518Fc43695.2Fc
GrapesArea Harvested176170175953183814187038174323
GrapesProduction Quantity879487740118990232996023873224
GrapesYield49922.6Fc42063.4Fc53871.4Fc53252.4Fc50092.3Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested14511* 5F 1
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity51141163
Hazelnuts, with shellYield36428.6Fc28000Fc10000Fc12000Fc30000Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested1600F 1600F 1600F 1600F 1600F
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity3000F 3000F 3000F 3000F 3000F
Hemp Tow WasteYield18750Fc18750Fc18750Fc18750Fc18750Fc
HempseedArea Harvested1325Im1256Im1124Im1107Im1059Im
HempseedProduction Quantity122Im107Im106Im104Im89Im
HempseedYield920.75Fc851.91Fc943.06Fc939.48Fc840.42Fc
HopsArea Harvested177215456501440
HopsProduction Quantity117232245257374
HopsYield6610.17Fc10790.7Fc5372.81Fc5129.74Fc8500Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested10910183101108
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity12761176100014701064
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield117064Fc116436Fc120482Fc145545Fc98518.5Fc
LentilsArea Harvested
LentilsProduction Quantity
LentilsSeed
LentilsYield
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested243273233214870
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity26732707191416866758
Lettuce and chicoryYield110000Fc99157.5Fc82145.9Fc78785.1Fc77678.2Fc
LinseedArea Harvested14471608838313473
LinseedProduction Quantity262618171099221394
LinseedSeed57.88Fc57.88Fc64.32Fc33.52Fc12.52Fc
LinseedYield18147.9Fc11299.8Fc13114.6Fc7060.7Fc8329.81Fc
MaizeArea Harvested25871002094250233350024322102263080
MaizeProduction Quantity117176009042030797326078490803853920
MaizeSeed53880F 53880599856285165123
MaizeYield45292.4Fc43175.5Fc34168.7Fc32271.4Fc17029.5Fc
MelonseedProduction Quantity
MilletArea Harvested32363946105117242102
MilletProduction Quantity62935878220628532327
MilletSeed97.08Fc97.08Fc118.38Fc31.53Fc51.72Fc
MilletYield19446.8Fc14896.1Fc20989.5Fc16548.7Fc11070.4Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity76619973731716641083
Mustard seedArea Harvested680489531689298374295
Mustard seedProduction Quantity707367391063383701401
Mustard seedSeed102.06Fc102.06Fc134.3Fc253.38Fc147.56Fc
Mustard seedYield10395.4Fc7527.09Fc6294.7Fc8508.69Fc3261.93Fc
OatsArea Harvested184950181217201819200007209000
OatsProduction Quantity375855304462295832382030251633
OatsSeed34215.8Fc41716466284609248989
OatsYield20322Fc16801Fc14658.3Fc19100.8Fc12039.9Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1468600A 1392150A 1245770A 1226850A 1173560A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1403970A 1283930A 932296A 1031250A 583386A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed15414.6A 9318.6A 8613.6A 7982.78A 12148A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield9559.97Fc9222.59Fc7483.68Fc8405.62Fc4971.09Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1468600A 1392150A 1245770A 1226850A 1173560A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1044580A 907088A 686910A 755691A 387489A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed6642.68A 5253.73A 4996.11A 4545.57A 5428.97A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield7112.79Fc6515.73Fc5513.93Fc6159.58Fc3301.83Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested3310833766351653481033935
Onions, dryProduction Quantity394305369142378106395579324993
Onions, dryYield119097Fc109324Fc107523Fc113639Fc95769.3Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested41514191432836723430
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity5327252250500315379433437
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield128335Fc124672Fc115598Fc146498Fc97484Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested20681964171116101785
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity2249411241171321643216980
Peaches and nectarinesYield108772Fc57235.2Fc100129Fc102062Fc95126.1Fc
PearsArea Harvested42725096453845904619
PearsProduction Quantity6691360375661115257662852
PearsYield156632Fc118475Fc145683Fc114545Fc136073Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested2853522353219971741619581
Peas, dryProduction Quantity5497239543299343633217252
Peas, drySeed3000Fc6930678152416915
Peas, dryYield19264.8Fc17690.2Fc13608.2Fc20861.3Fc8810.58Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested54065803558256634587
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2660523313205312538116284
Peas, greenYield49213.8Fc40174.1Fc36780.7Fc44819Fc35500.3Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested6819769288746887529276225
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity573596624884533691475290372631
Plums and sloesYield84108.7Fc90186.5Fc71456.1Fc63126.2Fc48885.7Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested3880Im3678Im3291Im3241Im3100F
Poppy seedProduction Quantity2173Im1906Im1891Im1874Im1600F
Poppy seedSeed120F 120F 120F 120F 120F
Poppy seedYield5600.52Fc5182.16Fc5745.97Fc5782.17Fc5161.29Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested248338246982260317259744272548
PotatoesProduction Quantity40765703283870400398036490203712410
PotatoesSeed988744F 988744104225010423301100800
PotatoesYield164154Fc132960Fc153812Fc140485Fc136211Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested429674712484535
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity403608561392423
Pulses, nesSeed21.45Fc21.45Fc33.7Fc35.6Fc24.2Fc
Pulses, nesYield9393.94Fc9020.77Fc7879.21Fc8099.17Fc7906.54Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested53154A 48138A 52460A 54505A 60784A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity76830A 61344A 52918A 62466A 36185A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed3544.85A 9501.45A 9817.7A 8930.6A 11198.2A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield14454.2Fc12743.4Fc10087.3Fc11460.6Fc5953.05Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested65695251546252785603
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity9884781625965265240962117
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield150475Fc155447Fc176723Fc99297.1Fc110864Fc
QuincesArea Harvested850F 800Im826Im844Im827Im
QuincesProduction Quantity7000F 5800Im6188Im5839Im5261Im
QuincesYield82352.9Fc72500Fc74915.3Fc69182.5Fc63615.5Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested390020527175414285357430306771
RapeseedProduction Quantity738971943033569611673033361500
RapeseedSeed3900.2Fc3900.2Fc5271.75Fc4142.85Fc3574.3Fc
RapeseedYield18947Fc17888.4Fc13749.3Fc18829.8Fc11784Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested1715264100
RaspberriesProduction Quantity473148172200*
RaspberriesYield27647.1Fc20666.7Fc18461.5Fc42500Fc220000Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested12671124031334699178088
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity6526161588724184891727518
Rice, paddySeed3421.17Fc3722400429752575
Rice, paddyYield51504.2Fc49655.7Fc54261.9Fc49326.4Fc34023.2Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested248338A 246982A 260317A 259744A 272548A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4076570A 3283870A 4003980A 3649020A 3712410A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed988744A 988744A 1042250A 1042330A 1100800A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield164154Fc132960Fc153812Fc140485Fc136211Fc
RyeArea Harvested1231514439154441301511941
RyeProduction Quantity3138234281329593144620583
RyeSeed2216.7Fc3000300030003000
RyeYield25482.7Fc23742Fc21341Fc24161.3Fc17237.3Fc
Seed cottonArea HarvestedF F F F F
Seed cottonProduction QuantityF F F F F
Seed cottonYield
SorghumArea Harvested12677937760787932894
SorghumProduction Quantity396961867714440208991193
SorghumSeed507.08Fc507.08Fc375.08Fc243.12Fc317.28Fc
SorghumYield31313.4Fc19917.9Fc23757.8Fc26347.7Fc13344.5Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested71861634244824946135109314
SoybeansProduction Quantity1426361499408426890579136094
SoybeansSeed12216.4Fc4500340035009100
SoybeansYield19848.9Fc23640.9Fc17465.2Fc19633.5Fc12449.8Fc
Spices, nesProduction Quantity
SpinachArea Harvested258211191203382
SpinachProduction Quantity23211696141214082856
SpinachYield89961.2Fc80379.1Fc73926.7Fc69359.6Fc74764.4Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested26622664250725912826
StrawberriesProduction Quantity1890921434219692123316496
StrawberriesYield71033.1Fc80458Fc87630.6Fc81949.1Fc58372.3Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested1879621627211572025428443
Sugar beetProduction Quantity660497837895816814706660748839
Sugar beetYield351403Fc387430Fc386073Fc348899Fc263277Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested993258786058761093808791748545
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1789330126293010980501169940546922
Sunflower seedSeed6952.81Fc6952.81Fc5502.41Fc5327.65Fc5661.54Fc
Sunflower seedYield18014.8Fc16066.6Fc14427.3Fc14465.3Fc7306.47Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested168115328501235757
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity25622971156623661128
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield15240.9Fc19393Fc18423.5Fc19157.9Fc14900.9Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested5174549755489545146045950
TomatoesProduction Quantity910978768532755596814376640785
TomatoesYield176051Fc154463Fc154348Fc158254Fc139453Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1449A 1497A 1537A 1733A 2122A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity35156A 34402A 38375A 32309A 25528A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield242623Fc229806Fc249675Fc186434Fc120302Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested4179440677383683178531865
TriticaleProduction Quantity1448001231209725110081881768
TriticaleSeed417.94Fc417.94Fc406.77Fc383.68Fc317.85Fc
TriticaleYield34646.1Fc30267.7Fc25346.9Fc31718.7Fc25660.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested26922150208828792536
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity3740623336264773709328215
Vegetables fresh nesYield138952Fc108540Fc126806Fc128840Fc111258Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested263325A 262256A 266159A 268155A 250095A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity4176880A 3864160A 3902410A 3820990A 3118460A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield158621Fc147343Fc146620Fc142492Fc124691Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested263325A 262256A 266159A 268155A 250095A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity4176880A 3864160A 3902410A 3820990A 3118460A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield158621Fc147343Fc146620Fc142492Fc124691Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested14351490152317262119
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity3507334359383293225925516
Walnuts, with shellYield244411Fc230597Fc251668Fc186900Fc120415Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested2671627057284912593025224
WatermelonsProduction Quantity592214610613602813508466374536
WatermelonsYield221670Fc225677Fc211580Fc196092Fc148484Fc
WheatArea Harvested19458502152520214055020983701890920
WheatProduction Quantity71315905811810520253071809803044460
WheatSeed606545F 606545603017591519546063
WheatYield36650.3Fc27000Fc24304.6Fc34221.7Fc16100.4Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested8500F 6571Im10810Im11353Im10809Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity7500F 5500F 6000F 9715Im12552Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield8823.53Fc8370.11Fc5550.42Fc8557.21Fc11612.5Fc
ApplesArea Harvested5929881672733777158972430
ApplesProduction Quantity5904136379791097840811100491500
ApplesYield99567.1Fc78114.8Fc149616Fc113300Fc67858.6Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested29004151346838093919
ApricotsProduction Quantity3875452410206484259118300
ApricotsYield133634Fc126259Fc59538.6Fc111817Fc46695.6Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested165Im159Im175Im199Im196Im
ArtichokesProduction Quantity2200F 1878Im2474Im2429Im2031Im
ArtichokesYield133333Fc118113Fc141371Fc122060Fc103622Fc
BarleyArea Harvested326419471635412007317235549738
BarleyProduction Quantity772929107915014060005408001160390
BarleySeed76213.6Fc73444.3Fc106118Fc92701.6Fc71377.9Fc
BarleyYield23679Fc22881Fc34125.6Fc17047.3Fc21108.1Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested5744157650454302699625617
Beans, dryProduction Quantity3494241733535173967933600
Beans, drySeed820Fc1160Fc1160Fc920Fc546Fc
Beans, dryYield6083.11Fc7239.03Fc11780.1Fc14698.1Fc13116.3Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested127161076684961119510816
Beans, greenProduction Quantity6424054280522465253549876
Beans, greenYield50519Fc50418Fc61494.8Fc46927.2Fc46113.2Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested348Im371Im400F 800F 620F
Berries NesProduction Quantity2200* 2200* 2200* 6800* 5000*
Berries NesYield63218.4Fc59299.2Fc55000Fc85000Fc80645.2Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested300F 700F 300F 650F 500F
BlueberriesProduction Quantity2000* 3500* 1400* 5000* 2500*
BlueberriesYield66666.7Fc50000Fc46666.7Fc76923.1Fc50000Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested4574254675425284216940400
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity111268010116309246861019230821400
Cabbages and other brassicasYield243251Fc185026Fc217430Fc241701Fc203317Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1916717412144391681612000F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity265595221999209352227409198000F
Carrots and turnipsYield138569Fc127498Fc144991Fc135234Fc165000Fc
Castor oil seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Castor oil seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Castor oil seedSeed
Castor oil seedYield
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested172218017061392980Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity2381324121114701518312188Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield138287Fc133931Fc162465Fc109073Fc124367Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested5080080A 5803630A 6107610A 5116680A 5711370A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity15753600A 19345700A 24400100A 12966400A 14357000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed754064A 875449A 866694A 668934A 742585A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield31010.5Fc33333.8Fc39950.3Fc25341.4Fc25137.6Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested250F 296328025437000F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity402F 4303280238324000
Cereals, nesSeed82.26Fc45Fc53.28Fc590.4Fc457.74Fc
Cereals, nesYield16080Fc14527Fc10000Fc9370.82Fc34285.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5080080A 5803630A 6107610A 5116680A 5711370A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity15759700A 19350500A 24401700A 12966400A 14357200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed754064A 875449A 866694A 668934A 742585A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield31022.6Fc33342Fc39953Fc25341.5Fc25137.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested724087029612986111653
CherriesProduction Quantity104791117859509889850066300
CherriesYield144739Fc135439Fc53046.2Fc99888.4Fc56895.2Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested320F 1718Im19Im
ChestnutsProduction Quantity22664780Im59Im
ChestnutsYield73333.3Fc33000Fc27647.1Fc44444.4Fc31052.6Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested399380834
Chick peasProduction Quantity4652951018
Chick peasSeed23.92Fc15.96Fc15.2Fc33.36Fc
Chick peasYield11654.1Fc7763.16Fc12206.2Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity
Chicory rootsYield
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested14955Im20646Im21803Im22369Im21298Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity32000F 35964Im38745Im29184Im38322Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield21397.5Fc17419.3Fc17770.5Fc13046.6Fc17993.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested2270518899180991997519094
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity279126203751237240249125197442
Chillies and peppers, greenYield122936Fc107810Fc131079Fc124718Fc103405Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3082140A 3352100A 3859770A 3705630A 3562670A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity10215100A 11995600A 16584400A 10487100A 9935610A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed181357A 177721A 216779A 211660A 191042A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield33142.9Fc35785.1Fc42967.2Fc28300.6Fc27888.1Fc
Cotton lintProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedSeedF F F F F
CranberriesArea Harvested87Im93Im100F 120F 96Im
CranberriesProduction Quantity402Im360Im500* 1000* 800*
CranberriesYield46206.9Fc38709.7Fc50000Fc83333.3Fc83333.3Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1566810589113271102110373
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity156416142945199494151319140760
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield99831.5Fc134994Fc176123Fc137301Fc135698Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested59Im6379100F 150F
CurrantsProduction Quantity115F 1098042000* 2500*
CurrantsYield19491.5Fc17301.6Fc101772Fc200000Fc166667Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested113969511893295144001Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity155919124708149681131030116000F
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield136819Fc131120Fc167578Fc137723Fc289928Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2304A 2279A 1400A 1600A 1400A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3922A 5050A 2200A 3900A 6400A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield17022.6Fc22158.8Fc15714.3Fc24375Fc45714.3Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested804179Im200F 400400
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity1522350F 300F 700800
Flax fibre and towYield18930.3Fc19553.1Fc15000Fc17500Fc20000Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested354228A 378544A 403809A 422884A 427008A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2397400A 2144440A 2974840A 3166490A 2028690A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield67679.7Fc56649.6Fc73669.5Fc74878.4Fc47509.4Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested5000F 6000F 3000F 6500F 4593Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity37500* 57000* 5000* 65000* 39000*
Fruit Fresh NesYield75000Fc95000Fc16666.7Fc100000Fc84911.8Fc
GarlicArea Harvested130241241887471475714900
GarlicProduction Quantity6422268374658847652372423
GarlicYield49310.5Fc55060.4Fc75321.8Fc51855.4Fc48606Fc
GrapesArea Harvested190294170975205381223079233095
GrapesProduction Quantity912383505849123040010779901076700
GrapesYield47946Fc29586.1Fc59908.2Fc48323.2Fc46191.5Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested10Im125
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity10Im1316
Hazelnuts, with shellYield10000Fc10833.3Fc32000Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested15002100120012001000
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity24004700190032005600
Hemp Tow WasteYield16000Fc22381Fc15833.3Fc26666.7Fc56000Fc
HempseedArea Harvested1147Im1064Im1000F 12001000
HempseedProduction Quantity103Im91Im100* 100* 100*
HempseedYield897.99Fc855.26Fc1000Fc833.33Fc1000Fc
HopsArea Harvested65228050203152
HopsProduction Quantity43519437209142
HopsYield6671.78Fc6928.57Fc7400Fc10295.6Fc9342.11Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested18554184
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity22337872636
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield120703Fc145741Fc143261Fc
LentilsArea Harvested
LentilsProduction Quantity
LentilsSeed
LentilsYield
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested738347552509Im500F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity4362176136374000F 5000*
Lettuce and chicoryYield59105.7Fc50749.3Fc65887.7Fc78585.5Fc100000Fc
LinseedArea Harvested29065140715612204
LinseedProduction Quantity32155246515001760
LinseedSeed18.92Fc11.6Fc2.6Fc56.28Fc62.44Fc
LinseedYield11069Fc8461.54Fc17519.5Fc9609.22Fc7985.48Fc
MaizeArea Harvested25129402609110319613031191002761220
MaizeProduction Quantity8984730103885001454160095769908399800
MaizeSeed6382964600* 67000* 7906572785
MaizeYield35753.9Fc39816.3Fc45497.5Fc30704.3Fc30420.6Fc
MelonseedProduction Quantity
MilletArea Harvested165030002500F 25431519
MilletProduction Quantity180050002000* 20871387
MilletSeed63.06Fc49.5Fc90Fc75Fc76.29Fc
MilletYield10909.1Fc16666.7Fc8000Fc8206.84Fc9131.01Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity25595637050809000F
Mustard seedArea Harvested45092626166742998512930
Mustard seedProduction Quantity3412119413949154456198
Mustard seedSeed64.43Fc67.64Fc39.39Fc250.11Fc449.78Fc
Mustard seedYield7567.09Fc4546.84Fc8365.72Fc5150.91Fc4793.5Fc
OatsArea Harvested195542213163187450238472230894
OatsProduction Quantity346918377456447079323060327400
OatsSeed38665Fc36175.3Fc39435.2Fc34678.2Fc44117.3Fc
OatsYield17741.3Fc17707.4Fc23850.6Fc13547.1Fc14179.7Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1271620A 1179370A 1108200A 1325020A 1003630A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1097830A 967305A 1037600A 901207A 613586A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed19093.5A 27787.8A 21298.7A 18647.7A 20645.9A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield8633.37Fc8201.85Fc9362.87Fc6801.49Fc6113.65Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1271620A 1179370A 1108200A 1325020A 1003630A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity756397A 663208A 736463A 667923A 454553A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed6742.88A 8720.88A 7137.07A 6437.08A 7336.35A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5948.31Fc5623.39Fc6645.56Fc5040.87Fc4529.08Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested3364735489282753680637682
Onions, dryProduction Quantity390694363625332827350400340784
Onions, dryYield116116Fc102461Fc117711Fc95201.9Fc90436.8Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested38914470293341794400
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity5403563434419395831151300
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield138872Fc141911Fc142990Fc139533Fc116591Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested19732689312628923273
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity1740829797196291800013000
Peaches and nectarinesYield88231.1Fc110811Fc62792.7Fc62240.7Fc39718.9Fc
PearsArea Harvested44216067531658956101
PearsProduction Quantity62425888904593110375868100
PearsYield141201Fc146514Fc86401.4Fc176010Fc111621Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested1753012210235901813514844
Peas, dryProduction Quantity3568238801570182350020450
Peas, drySeed2000Fc1800Fc1300Fc2400Fc1880Fc
Peas, dryYield20354.8Fc31778Fc24170.4Fc12958.4Fc13776.6Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested60675342264654355323
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2609723269174112024719605
Peas, greenYield43014.7Fc43558.6Fc65801.2Fc37253Fc36830.7Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested7894093866969969448987771
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity598753622357475767909648220638
Plums and sloesYield75849.1Fc66302.7Fc49050.2Fc96270.3Fc25137.9Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested3802Im3526Im3313Im3961Im3000F
Poppy seedProduction Quantity1500F 1280Im1400* 1400* 1400*
Poppy seedSeed120F 120F 120F 120F 120F
Poppy seedYield3945.29Fc3630.18Fc4225.78Fc3534.46Fc4666.67Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested283089285312254005281868283200
PotatoesProduction Quantity40159003738590423021039471804077630
PotatoesSeed862400862400788000842169847618
PotatoesYield141860Fc131035Fc166540Fc140036Fc143984Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested45895245023102200
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity485847784001200
Pulses, nesSeed26.75Fc22.9Fc4.75Fc122.5Fc115.5Fc
Pulses, nesYield10589.5Fc8842.11Fc3175.51Fc1731.6Fc5454.55Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested75828A 70335A 72304A 47441A 42661A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity71574A 80913A 112331A 63579A 55250A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed2870.67A 2998.86A 2479.95A 3475.86A 2541.5A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9438.99Fc11504Fc15535.9Fc13401.7Fc12950.9Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested663828524794925000F 19918Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity8207649215290832333000* 238000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield123646Fc172563Fc60654.4Fc133200Fc119490Fc
QuincesArea Harvested871Im928Im1000F 1100F 907Im
QuincesProduction Quantity6447Im5767Im8000* 8200* 6500*
QuincesYield74018.4Fc62144.4Fc80000Fc74545.4Fc71664.8Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested10253284222479311274454559
RapeseedProduction Quantity17505014756698661810035900
RapeseedSeed3067.71Fc1025.32Fc842.22Fc479.31Fc127.44Fc
RapeseedYield17072.7Fc17521.1Fc20584Fc6355.93Fc6580.03Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested1001001009858
RaspberriesProduction Quantity2200* 2200* 1200* 2000* 1000*
RaspberriesYield220000Fc220000Fc120000Fc204082Fc172414Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested558333941239105500
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity18420142514963253600
Rice, paddySeed2183.76Fc1507.41Fc916.38Fc334.53Fc28.35Fc
Rice, paddyYield32993Fc41988.8Fc40056.5Fc24095.2Fc12000Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested283089A 285312A 254005A 281868A 283200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4015900A 3738590A 4230210A 3947180A 4077630A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed862400A 862400A 788000A 842169A 847618A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield141860Fc131035Fc166540Fc140036Fc143984Fc
RyeArea Harvested1724220650217921076110500
RyeProduction Quantity3572048962550001735820080
RyeSeed2149.38Fc3103.56Fc3717Fc3922.56Fc1936.98Fc
RyeYield20716.8Fc23710.4Fc25238.6Fc16130.5Fc19123.8Fc
Seed cottonArea HarvestedF F F F F
Seed cottonProduction QuantityF F F F F
Seed cottonYield
SorghumArea Harvested740756870046871802
SorghumProduction Quantity133119122840049912557
SorghumSeed35.76Fc29.6Fc30.24Fc348Fc187.48Fc
SorghumYield17986.5Fc25291Fc32643.7Fc10648.6Fc14189.8Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested17748113075211224312222469793
SoybeansProduction Quantity344909312781298506224900145900
SoybeansSeed18583.4Fc30171.8Fc22227.8Fc19081.3Fc20778.1Fc
SoybeansYield19433.6Fc23921.7Fc26594.6Fc18400.6Fc20904.7Fc
Spices, nesProduction Quantity
SpinachArea Harvested655238642500Im491Im
SpinachProduction Quantity4467122954263930* 4000F
SpinachYield68198.5Fc51638.7Fc84517.1Fc78600Fc81466.4Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested23972167155419021842
StrawberriesProduction Quantity2161218158145331490016850
StrawberriesYield90162.7Fc83793.3Fc93519.9Fc78338.6Fc91476.7Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested3914925023207673793640746
Sugar beetProduction Quantity1152200729658672723764475954630
Sugar beetYield294311Fc291595Fc323938Fc201517Fc234288Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested9818569571199256341153340860146
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity15262301340940155781015064001002800
Sunflower seedSeed5239.81Fc6872.99Fc6699.83Fc6479.44Fc8073.39Fc
Sunflower seedYield15544.3Fc14010.2Fc16829.7Fc13061.2Fc11658.5Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested14083220747171118613
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity168636827471790016000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield11974.4Fc11434.8Fc10000Fc11109.5Fc18576.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested4996746487584614930047828
TomatoesProduction Quantity8349686269601330090818900658800
TomatoesYield167104Fc134868Fc227517Fc166105Fc137744Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1691A 2095A 1878A 2031A 2075A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity38503A 47889A 15671A 50899A 37582A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield227694Fc228587Fc83445.1Fc250611Fc181118Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested27356334942791210290
TriticaleProduction Quantity712859414210099719473
TriticaleSeed318.65Fc273.56Fc334.94Fc279.12Fc102.9Fc
TriticaleYield26058.3Fc28107.1Fc36184.1Fc18924.2Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3500F 5000F 10000* 24000* 22000*
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2984212000* 167000* 465000* 365000*
Vegetables fresh nesYield85262.9Fc24000Fc167000Fc193750Fc165909Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested278282A 269029A 299940A 310186A 289902A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity4143300A 3624860A 4774550A 4684930A 3901610A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield148889Fc134738Fc159184Fc151036Fc134584Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested278282A 269029A 299940A 310186A 289902A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity4143300A 3624860A 4774550A 4684930A 3901610A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield148889Fc134738Fc159184Fc151036Fc134584Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested16782063185620132056
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity3847147810156085081937523
Walnuts, with shellYield229267Fc231750Fc84094.8Fc252454Fc182505Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested3068932520348493741939000
WatermelonsProduction Quantity587756628326723179706274600000
WatermelonsYield191520Fc193212Fc207518Fc188747Fc153846Fc
WheatArea Harvested19923602448130224660014109402148200
WheatProduction Quantity55261907340660781243024790504421000
WheatSeed570524696221648999456940551515
WheatYield27736.9Fc29984.8Fc34774.5Fc17570.2Fc20580Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea13982Q 14156Q 13621Q 13634Q 13630Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea83Q 83.9Q 71.6Q 85.4Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea100Q 84Q 68Q 46.5Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea103.4Q 83.3Q 296Q 257Q 320.3Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea183Q 167.9Q 139.6Q 131.9Q
Arable landArea8995Q 9146Q 8789Q 8721Q 8675Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea9439Q 9609Q 9249Q 9184Q 9136Q
Arable land area certified organicArea64Fm54Q 40Q 36Q
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea84Fm73Q 52Q 37Q
Arable land organic, totalArea148Fm127Q 92Q 73Q
Country areaArea23839Q 23839Q 23839Q 23839Q 23839Q
Fallow landArea913Q 1339Q 905Q 923Q 898Q
Forest areaArea6609.4Fm6573Q 6536.6Fm6500.2Fm6463.8Fm
Inland waterArea823Q 834Q 833Q 849Q 850Q
Land areaArea23016Q 23005Q 23006Q 22990Q 22989Q
Other landArea2424.6Fm2276Fm2848.4Fm2855.8Fm2895.2Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea4543Q 4547Q 4372Q 4450Q 4533Q
Permanent cropsArea444Q 463Q 460Q 463Q 461Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea1Q 0.9Q 0.6Q 0.4Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea2Q 1Q 1Q 0.5Q
Permanent crops organic, totalArea3Q 1.9Q 1.6Q 0.9Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4543Q 4547Q 4372Q 4450Q 4494Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea18Q 29Q 31Q 49Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea14Q 10Q 15Q 9Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea32Q 39Q 46Q 58Q
Temporary cropsArea7205Q 6956Q 7058Q 6969Q 7009Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea877Q 851Q 826Q 829Q 768Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3149Q 3154Q 3157Q 3157Q 3156Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea14039Q 14180Q 14130Q 14800Q 14818Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea65.2Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea43.1Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea96.5Q 46Q 327W 569Q 488Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea108.3Q 92.8I
Arable landArea8939Q 8985Q 8915Q 9377Q 9376Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea9408Q 9495Q 9344Q 9842Q 9859Q
Arable land area certified organicArea34Q
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea23Q
Arable land organic, totalArea57Q
Country areaArea23839Q 23839Q 23839Q 23839Q 23839Q
Fallow landArea1055Q 517Q 387Q 498Q 375Q
Forest areaArea6427.4Fm6391Q 6386Fm6381Fm6376Fm
Inland waterArea841Q 841Fm839Fm844Fm852Fm
Land areaArea22998Q 22998Q 23000Q 22995Q 22987Q
Other landArea2531.6Fm2427Fm2484Fm1814Fm1793Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea4631Q 4685Q 4786Q 4958Q 4959Q
Permanent cropsArea469Q 510Q 429Q 465Q 483Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea0.2Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea0.1Q
Permanent crops organic, totalArea0.3Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4631Q 4685Q 4786Q 4958Q 4959Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea31Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea20Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea51Q
Temporary cropsArea7025Q 7648Q 7970Q 7655Q 7845Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea859Q 820Q 558Q 1224Q 1156Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3157Q 3176Q 3177Q 3176Q 3176Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data