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Datasheet

Romania

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Present Németh, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Restricted distribution Ploaie, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present Németh, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Widespread Introduced YesBaicu et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Absent, formerly present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Present Introduced Schrimpf et al., 2012.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Bolea et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaVerruca spengleri Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Sutton, 1980; Marcu et al., 1997.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Hâruta et al., 2007.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesDoina and Ghizdavu, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russellii Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe sedi Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntiana Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present EPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Introduced YesSmith et al., 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Braun, 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Prodan, 1935; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Native UK CAB International, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Native NoSavulescu, 1953; Crane, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Blada, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komarovii Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Murina, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present Introduced Surugiu, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornuta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Widespread Native NoCeianu and Teodorescu, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Widespread Ionescu, 1985; Popescu, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostre Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAndricus grossulariae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephaga Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsias ephippium Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagnalliella yuccae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Widespread CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present, few occurrences Karsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Widespread Introduced YesSefrová and Lastuvka, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Olenici and Duduman, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus nepos Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea) Widespread Native NoCristescu et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp) Present Native NoCarausu, 1943.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulans Present Fauna Europaea, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Savescu and, 1982; Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus stellatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Voicu et al., 1987; Talmaciu and Talmaciu, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present CIE, 1979; Kosztarab and Kozar, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Localised Introduced YesSzekely et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Restricted distribution Wood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Widespread Introduced YesKiss et al., 2005b; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp) Present Native Wattier et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Present Native NoScobiola-Palade, 1982; Liston, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges) Present Borusiewicz and Capecki, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix) Present Glavendekic, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Herea et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Native NoListon, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present YesMacavei et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Markó and Pozsgai, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Introduced, not established Danzig and Pellizari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomala Present Native NoBacescu, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Native NoSimionescu, 1993; Simionescu, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissima Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Present Native NoEPPO/CABI and, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Present Olenici et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Present Native Mihalciuc et al., 1998; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Widespread Native YesDrosu, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeni Widespread Native NoBacescu, 1940; Popescu and Prunescu-Arion, 1960; Wittmann, 2007; Audzijonyte et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present Filip and Alexandri, 1977; Filip, 1985; Filip, 1986; Rosian, 1989; Filip, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread Giese and Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesMihalciuc and Simionescu , 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescens Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoTomescu and Negru, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present Perju et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Gogan et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer) Present Bense, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn) Present Native YesAlthoff and Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoConstantineanu, 1983; Mihalache et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Grozea et al., 2015; Grozea et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Localised Introduced Micu and Nita, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Widespread Ceianu, 1962; Ceianu et al., 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Ben-Dov et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Popescu-Gorj, 1964; Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Native Lucht, 1987; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native NoMarcu , 1957; Simionescu , 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle) Present Native YesBorcea, 1924; Borcea, 1930; Marcu, 1930; Negru, 1966; Negru, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread Mostata, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoides Carausu et al., 1955.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Present Introduced Bacescu, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostre Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present Native Negru and Pirvescu, 1966; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitona puncticollis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala alta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth) Present Teodorescu and Simionescu, 1994; Dissescu and Ceianu, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Drugescu, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; Mitrea, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronense Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Orosi-Pal, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoArcher, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoBud, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBlair et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced FAO, Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced Blair et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka) Present Native NoWhitehead, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace) Present Introduced NoHolcik, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004; FAO-DIAS, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus maraena (Maraena whitefish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Shireman and Smith, 1983; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Native NoBalon, 1994; Steffens, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Widespread Native Iacob and Dima, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Present Native NoMuus and Dahlström, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced FAO, 1997; Olenin et al., 2008; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Localised Introduced YesBanarescu, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Widespread Native NoBlanc et al., 1971; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Laiu and Murariu, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby) Present Native Pinchuk et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Present Native Pinchuk et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Present Introduced Nowak and Pielowski, 1964; Barbu, 1969; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat) Present Introduced Niethammer and Krapp, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoUloth and Prien, 1985; Micu et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper) Present Introduced YesNalbant et al., 2004; Popa et al., 2006; Covaciu-Marcov et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised Introduced eBird, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Muus and Dahlström, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Present Introduced Micu, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Localised Introduced NoHelix Consulting, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Castillejo, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Native NoSon, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced YesMicu and Telembici, 2004; Popa and Popa OPLO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma anceps Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoGrossu and Lupu, 1960; Wiktor and Jurkowska, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPteria hirundo Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Widespread Introduced YesGrossu, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Introduced YesCIESM, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution Romascu and Lemeni, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Marks and Rojancovski, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesRojancovski and Dehebanu, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Fauna Europaea, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Romascu et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Romascu et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Romascu and Zinca, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Radulescu and Georgescu, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesUrocleidus dispar Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesUrocleidus similis Present
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced Lawalree, 1964; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Negrean, 2011; Dobrescu and Soare, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Widespread Native NoCaraus, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced Chirila and Pintilie, 1986; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilaginea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present, few occurrences Native NoSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochlora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native Savulescu, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008; Clarke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus acutilobus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Chirila and Pintilie, 1985; Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Localised Introduced NoIamonico, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (indigo bush) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interrupta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis procurrens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia pontica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster novae-angliae Present Introduced Sîrbu et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus galegiformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia petraea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Slonovschi, 1982; Naoy and Sarpe, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced YesSîrbu, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens vulgata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Widespread Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoGBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Popescu and Sanda , 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Groza, 1986; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Introduced Tutin, 1993; Fitter and Peat, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Native Slonovschi et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Native YesTutin et al., 1976; Ochsmann, 2001a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transsylvanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Brenan and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilio Present Introduced Sîrbu et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis recta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Stace, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Negrean and Ioana, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Anastasiu and Memedemin, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum hyssopifolium Present Oprea et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster niger Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Tanase and Oprean, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Williams and Hunyadi, 1987; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus odoratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (broom) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHeywood and Ball, 1968; Marusca et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Togor and Burescu, 2013; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Badea and Raicu, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium intermedium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferruginea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Sirbu and Slonovschi, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis viminea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Diaconu, 1990; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElatine ambigua Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced YesAnastasiu et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Dandy, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Introduced Sârbu et al., 2006; DAISIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Widespread Pintilie and Chirila, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis parviflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosa Present Introduced Ardelean et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum perovskianum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dentata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leptocaula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia segetalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia taurinensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia stricta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Chirita, 1990; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced Jalas and Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced Sukopp and Starfinger, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present Botta-Dukát and Balogh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis bisumbellata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Present Sîrbu et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus plicatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahit Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Widespread Slonovschi, 1982; Chirita et al., 1998; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura biennis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana lutea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratense Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlinus lotoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGoniolimon tataricum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila altissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHablizia thamnoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced NoGreuter, 2006; Sîrbu and Oprea, 2013; DAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHepatica transsilvanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Popescu et al., 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Widespread Native NoSell and West, 1976; Meusel and JSger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Present Introduced Trepl, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea tricolor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globifera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus dudleyi Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present YesPele et al., 2008; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca saligna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia iberica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus niger Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifolius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Introduced DAISIE, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Widespread YesSarpe et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibirica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagon Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium platyphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubia Present Introduced Sîrbu et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perenne Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Cadar, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus perennis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present EPPO, 2015; Flora Europaea, 1968; ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia chia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alcea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetala Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctaginea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria korsakowii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoricandia arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea lutea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose) Present Oprea et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesiana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parviflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes linifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum tauricum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced YesPricop and Cristea, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2008; Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemone Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Oprea et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia prolifera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifraga Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetunia integrifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native Hanganu et al., 1994; , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Coste, 1970; Cristea and Groza, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native Euro+Med Plantbase, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread TUTIN and ET, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesNagoda et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatior Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced Vanhellemont, 2009; Pairon et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardous Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Chater and, 1981; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present UK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Sarpe et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria lancifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria subulata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola acutifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclarea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla amoena Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopolii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestre Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum dasyphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosum Present Introduced Sîrbu et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoSirbu and Oprea, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native Savulescu, 1964; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania herbacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Native Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia orientalis (common St. Paul's wort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotoma Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene sibirica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSophora jaubertii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ciorlaus, 1983; Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys recta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria graminea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972; Slonovschi et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (African marigold) Present Sîrbu et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Winter et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeesdalia nudicaulis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium polium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Clapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1997; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi kovatsii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragopogon graminifolius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Tutin, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium angulatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinaster Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium medium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Stefan, 1998; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica pilulifera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present BioCASE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present NoISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica acinifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica polita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybrida Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia lutea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parviflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvatica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ligustica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium saccharatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean) Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Cociu et al., 1972.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Widespread Pop, 1962; Pop et al., 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Widespread Introduced NoRoy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Present
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Baba et al., 1977; Cotofan and Paul, 1979.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Bunaciu et al., 1986.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Cociu et al., 1972.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Popa, 1998.
blackleg OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections McNeil et al., 1949; McNeil et al., 1949; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Radulescu and Georgescu, 1962.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Istrate et al., 1983.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine papillomatosis Present Baba et al., 1999.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Adamesteaunu et al., 1976.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Cambir and Coman, 1991.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Mocanu, 1989; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Present Introduced Schrimpf et al., 2012; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Stancu, 2002.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Derzsy's disease Present Zarzara, 1980.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present Moldovan et al., 1986.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
Echinococcus multilocularis Present
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Cociu et al., 1972; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Suteu et al., 1987a; Suteu et al., 1987b.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Present Mircean et al., 2014; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Present Cracea and Constantinescu, 1988.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Catana et al., 1997.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000.
myxomatosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease not reported Adamesteanu et al., 1969; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Barboi and Turcu, 1995.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Fijan, 1999.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Nowok, 1979; Onet and Pommer, 1991.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Mânzat and Herman, 1999.
Theileria annulata infections Present FAO, 1997; OIE, 1998.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Ionita et al., 2013.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Anon, 1997.
Trichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Orosi-Pal, 1975.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Present OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 11495 14641 8770 7228 5378
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 11157 15828 7063 7488 2857
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 9705.96 Fc 10810.7 Fc 8053.59 Fc 10359.7 Fc 5312.38 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 52722 56373 52637 54704 59017
Apples Production Quantity 620362 552860 517491 459016 475370
Apples Yield 117667 Fc 98071.8 Fc 98313.2 Fc 83909 Fc 80548 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 2547 2618 2578 2931 3314
Apricots Production Quantity 33745 23804 32499 32125 27567
Apricots Yield 132489 Fc 90924.4 Fc 126063 Fc 109604 Fc 83183.5 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 52 Im 49 Im 50 F 100 F 149 Im
Artichokes Production Quantity 589 Im 545 Im 550 F 1100 F 1656 Im
Artichokes Yield 113269 Fc 111224 Fc 110000 Fc 110000 Fc 111141 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 419109 510488 514907 386706 338727
Barley Production Quantity 1329690 1311040 1182060 1209410 531420
Barley Seed 94299.5 Fc 118639 119028 90627 83511
Barley Yield 31726.6 Fc 25682.1 Fc 22956.8 Fc 31274.7 Fc 15688.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 24105 24958 29673 36118 40070
Beans, dry Production Quantity 21351 21059 22348 25157 18014
Beans, dry Seed 520 Fc 2513 2997 3615 4210
Beans, dry Yield 8857.5 Fc 8437.78 Fc 7531.43 Fc 6965.23 Fc 4495.63 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 10547 10786 10852 11172 10277
Beans, green Production Quantity 60257 55734 55928 61649 45498
Beans, green Yield 57131.9 Fc 51672.5 Fc 51537 Fc 55181.7 Fc 44271.7 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 316 Im 321 Im 329 Im 337 Im 330 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2643 Im 2422 Im 2585 Im 2442 Im 2200 *
Berries Nes Yield 83639.2 Fc 75451.7 Fc 78571.4 Fc 72462.9 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 273 Im 278 Im 285 Im 291 Im 285 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 2402 Im 2201 Im 2349 Im 2220 Im 2000 *
Blueberries Yield 87985.4 Fc 79172.7 Fc 82421.1 Fc 76288.7 Fc 70175.4 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 47212 47227 48452 49220 46511
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1027840 983648 1004190 967627 899245
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 217707 Fc 208281 Fc 207255 Fc 196592 Fc 193340 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 16552 16360 17643 17955 15988
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 245508 221082 215346 234752 185094
Carrots and turnips Yield 148325 Fc 135136 Fc 122057 Fc 130745 Fc 115771 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Castor oil seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 2662 2550 2477 2068 2301
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 39159 31632 30698 24201 26011
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 147104 Fc 124047 Fc 123932 Fc 117026 Fc 113042 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 5219700 A 5019320 A 5265060 A 5182160 A 4757070 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 20820400 A 16692400 A 14848800 A 16810900 A 7806580 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 795690 A 828614 A 836652 A 797812 A 750037 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 39888.2 Fc 33256.3 Fc 28202.6 Fc 32439.9 Fc 16410.5 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 498 Im 457
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 732 Im 922
Cereals, nes Seed 89.64 F 89.64 F 89.64 F 89.64 Fc 89.64 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 14698.8 Fc 20175 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5219700 A 5019320 A 5265060 A 5182160 A 4757070 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20842200 A 16712900 A 14873000 A 16827200 A 7815740 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 795690 A 828614 A 836652 A 797812 A 750037 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 39929.8 Fc 33297.1 Fc 28248.4 Fc 32471.3 Fc 16429.7 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 6853 6930 6846 7628 7688
Cherries Production Quantity 81842 70290 67874 67664 65163
Cherries Yield 119425 Fc 101429 Fc 99144 Fc 88704.8 Fc 84759.4 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 2 3 2 2
Chestnuts Production Quantity 32 29 35 44 9
Chestnuts Yield 145000 Fc 116667 Fc 220000 Fc 45000 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 85 153 78 487 598
Chick peas Production Quantity 104 134 75 585 496
Chick peas Seed 3.4 Fc 37 6 39 49
Chick peas Yield 12235.3 Fc 8758.17 Fc 9615.38 Fc 12012.3 Fc 8294.31 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested
Chicory roots Production Quantity
Chicory roots Yield
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 54403 Im 56277 Im 50552 Im 41664 Im 31000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 47690 Im 47150 Im 35418 Im 28170 Im 33000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 8766.06 Fc 8378.2 Fc 7006.25 Fc 6761.23 Fc 10645.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 20001 20998 19917 20162 18522
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 253505 243493 245661 238682 184939
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 126746 Fc 115960 Fc 123342 Fc 118382 Fc 99848.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3261180 A 2854390 A 3111170 A 3073880 A 2858070 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13645300 A 10839500 A 9598010 A 9597270 A 4743770 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 185724 A 218347 A 229631 A 203318 A 201399 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 41841.6 Fc 37974.7 Fc 30850.2 Fc 31222 Fc 16597.8 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed F F F F F
Cranberries Area Harvested 80 Im 81 Im 83 Im 85 Im 83 Im
Cranberries Production Quantity 395 Im 362 Im 386 Im 364 Im 328 Im
Cranberries Yield 49375 Fc 44691.4 Fc 46506 Fc 42823.5 Fc 39518.1 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 13154 12614 13122 12960 12590
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 195855 172059 176482 173643 119822
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 148894 Fc 136403 Fc 134493 Fc 133984 Fc 95172.4 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 22 50 16 12 8
Currants Production Quantity 30 19 18 11 29
Currants Yield 13636.4 Fc 3800 Fc 11250 Fc 9166.67 Fc 36250 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 10020 10311 9927 10535 9701
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 160010 144391 168588 153677 114116
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 159691 Fc 140036 Fc 169828 Fc 145873 Fc 117633 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1630 A 1628 A 1635 A 1632 A 1624 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3089 A 3080 A 3100 A 3096 A 3072 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 18950.9 Fc 18918.9 Fc 18960.2 Fc 18970.6 Fc 18916.3 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 30 Im 28 Im 35 F 32 24
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 89 Im 80 Im 100 F 96 72
Flax fibre and tow Yield 29666.7 Fc 28571.4 Fc 28571.4 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 323946 A 329447 A 338084 A 344957 A 336176 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2373260 A 2173920 A 2320570 A 2191250 A 1956300 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 73260.8 Fc 65987 Fc 68638.9 Fc 63522.5 Fc 58192.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 6897 Im 7016 Im 7200 F 7000 F 4746 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 63390 Im 58082 Im 62000 F 60000 F 34000 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 91909.5 Fc 82785.1 Fc 86111.1 Fc 85714.3 Fc 71639.3 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 12128 12803 13142 13773 11431
Garlic Production Quantity 66602 67215 63245 72333 49948
Garlic Yield 54915.9 Fc 52499.4 Fc 48124.3 Fc 52518 Fc 43695.2 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 176170 175953 183814 187038 174323
Grapes Production Quantity 879487 740118 990232 996023 873224
Grapes Yield 49922.6 Fc 42063.4 Fc 53871.4 Fc 53252.4 Fc 50092.3 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 14 5 11 * 5 F 1
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 51 14 11 6 3
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 36428.6 Fc 28000 Fc 10000 Fc 12000 Fc 30000 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 1600 F 1600 F 1600 F 1600 F 1600 F
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 18750 Fc 18750 Fc 18750 Fc 18750 Fc 18750 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 1325 Im 1256 Im 1124 Im 1107 Im 1059 Im
Hempseed Production Quantity 122 Im 107 Im 106 Im 104 Im 89 Im
Hempseed Yield 920.75 Fc 851.91 Fc 943.06 Fc 939.48 Fc 840.42 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 177 215 456 501 440
Hops Production Quantity 117 232 245 257 374
Hops Yield 6610.17 Fc 10790.7 Fc 5372.81 Fc 5129.74 Fc 8500 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 109 101 83 101 108
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 1276 1176 1000 1470 1064
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 117064 Fc 116436 Fc 120482 Fc 145545 Fc 98518.5 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested
Lentils Production Quantity
Lentils Seed
Lentils Yield
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 243 273 233 214 870
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 2673 2707 1914 1686 6758
Lettuce and chicory Yield 110000 Fc 99157.5 Fc 82145.9 Fc 78785.1 Fc 77678.2 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1447 1608 838 313 473
Linseed Production Quantity 2626 1817 1099 221 394
Linseed Seed 57.88 Fc 57.88 Fc 64.32 Fc 33.52 Fc 12.52 Fc
Linseed Yield 18147.9 Fc 11299.8 Fc 13114.6 Fc 7060.7 Fc 8329.81 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2587100 2094250 2333500 2432210 2263080
Maize Production Quantity 11717600 9042030 7973260 7849080 3853920
Maize Seed 53880 F 53880 59985 62851 65123
Maize Yield 45292.4 Fc 43175.5 Fc 34168.7 Fc 32271.4 Fc 17029.5 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity
Millet Area Harvested 3236 3946 1051 1724 2102
Millet Production Quantity 6293 5878 2206 2853 2327
Millet Seed 97.08 Fc 97.08 Fc 118.38 Fc 31.53 Fc 51.72 Fc
Millet Yield 19446.8 Fc 14896.1 Fc 20989.5 Fc 16548.7 Fc 11070.4 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 7661 9973 7317 1664 1083
Mustard seed Area Harvested 6804 8953 16892 9837 4295
Mustard seed Production Quantity 7073 6739 10633 8370 1401
Mustard seed Seed 102.06 Fc 102.06 Fc 134.3 Fc 253.38 Fc 147.56 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 10395.4 Fc 7527.09 Fc 6294.7 Fc 8508.69 Fc 3261.93 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 184950 181217 201819 200007 209000
Oats Production Quantity 375855 304462 295832 382030 251633
Oats Seed 34215.8 Fc 41716 46628 46092 48989
Oats Yield 20322 Fc 16801 Fc 14658.3 Fc 19100.8 Fc 12039.9 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1468600 A 1392150 A 1245770 A 1226850 A 1173560 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1403970 A 1283930 A 932296 A 1031250 A 583386 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 15414.6 A 9318.6 A 8613.6 A 7982.78 A 12148 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 9559.97 Fc 9222.59 Fc 7483.68 Fc 8405.62 Fc 4971.09 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1468600 A 1392150 A 1245770 A 1226850 A 1173560 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1044580 A 907088 A 686910 A 755691 A 387489 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 6642.68 A 5253.73 A 4996.11 A 4545.57 A 5428.97 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7112.79 Fc 6515.73 Fc 5513.93 Fc 6159.58 Fc 3301.83 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 33108 33766 35165 34810 33935
Onions, dry Production Quantity 394305 369142 378106 395579 324993
Onions, dry Yield 119097 Fc 109324 Fc 107523 Fc 113639 Fc 95769.3 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 4151 4191 4328 3672 3430
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 53272 52250 50031 53794 33437
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 128335 Fc 124672 Fc 115598 Fc 146498 Fc 97484 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2068 1964 1711 1610 1785
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 22494 11241 17132 16432 16980
Peaches and nectarines Yield 108772 Fc 57235.2 Fc 100129 Fc 102062 Fc 95126.1 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 4272 5096 4538 4590 4619
Pears Production Quantity 66913 60375 66111 52576 62852
Pears Yield 156632 Fc 118475 Fc 145683 Fc 114545 Fc 136073 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 28535 22353 21997 17416 19581
Peas, dry Production Quantity 54972 39543 29934 36332 17252
Peas, dry Seed 3000 Fc 6930 6781 5241 6915
Peas, dry Yield 19264.8 Fc 17690.2 Fc 13608.2 Fc 20861.3 Fc 8810.58 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 5406 5803 5582 5663 4587
Peas, green Production Quantity 26605 23313 20531 25381 16284
Peas, green Yield 49213.8 Fc 40174.1 Fc 36780.7 Fc 44819 Fc 35500.3 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 68197 69288 74688 75292 76225
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 573596 624884 533691 475290 372631
Plums and sloes Yield 84108.7 Fc 90186.5 Fc 71456.1 Fc 63126.2 Fc 48885.7 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 3880 Im 3678 Im 3291 Im 3241 Im 3100 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 2173 Im 1906 Im 1891 Im 1874 Im 1600 F
Poppy seed Seed 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F
Poppy seed Yield 5600.52 Fc 5182.16 Fc 5745.97 Fc 5782.17 Fc 5161.29 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 248338 246982 260317 259744 272548
Potatoes Production Quantity 4076570 3283870 4003980 3649020 3712410
Potatoes Seed 988744 F 988744 1042250 1042330 1100800
Potatoes Yield 164154 Fc 132960 Fc 153812 Fc 140485 Fc 136211 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 429 674 712 484 535
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 403 608 561 392 423
Pulses, nes Seed 21.45 Fc 21.45 Fc 33.7 Fc 35.6 Fc 24.2 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 9393.94 Fc 9020.77 Fc 7879.21 Fc 8099.17 Fc 7906.54 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 53154 A 48138 A 52460 A 54505 A 60784 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 76830 A 61344 A 52918 A 62466 A 36185 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3544.85 A 9501.45 A 9817.7 A 8930.6 A 11198.2 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 14454.2 Fc 12743.4 Fc 10087.3 Fc 11460.6 Fc 5953.05 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 6569 5251 5462 5278 5603
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 98847 81625 96526 52409 62117
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 150475 Fc 155447 Fc 176723 Fc 99297.1 Fc 110864 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 850 F 800 Im 826 Im 844 Im 827 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 7000 F 5800 Im 6188 Im 5839 Im 5261 Im
Quinces Yield 82352.9 Fc 72500 Fc 74915.3 Fc 69182.5 Fc 63615.5 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 390020 527175 414285 357430 306771
Rapeseed Production Quantity 738971 943033 569611 673033 361500
Rapeseed Seed 3900.2 Fc 3900.2 Fc 5271.75 Fc 4142.85 Fc 3574.3 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 18947 Fc 17888.4 Fc 13749.3 Fc 18829.8 Fc 11784 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 17 15 26 4 100
Raspberries Production Quantity 47 31 48 17 2200 *
Raspberries Yield 27647.1 Fc 20666.7 Fc 18461.5 Fc 42500 Fc 220000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 12671 12403 13346 9917 8088
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 65261 61588 72418 48917 27518
Rice, paddy Seed 3421.17 Fc 3722 4004 2975 2575
Rice, paddy Yield 51504.2 Fc 49655.7 Fc 54261.9 Fc 49326.4 Fc 34023.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 248338 A 246982 A 260317 A 259744 A 272548 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4076570 A 3283870 A 4003980 A 3649020 A 3712410 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 988744 A 988744 A 1042250 A 1042330 A 1100800 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 164154 Fc 132960 Fc 153812 Fc 140485 Fc 136211 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 12315 14439 15444 13015 11941
Rye Production Quantity 31382 34281 32959 31446 20583
Rye Seed 2216.7 Fc 3000 3000 3000 3000
Rye Yield 25482.7 Fc 23742 Fc 21341 Fc 24161.3 Fc 17237.3 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 12677 9377 6078 7932 894
Sorghum Production Quantity 39696 18677 14440 20899 1193
Sorghum Seed 507.08 Fc 507.08 Fc 375.08 Fc 243.12 Fc 317.28 Fc
Sorghum Yield 31313.4 Fc 19917.9 Fc 23757.8 Fc 26347.7 Fc 13344.5 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 71861 63424 48249 46135 109314
Soybeans Production Quantity 142636 149940 84268 90579 136094
Soybeans Seed 12216.4 Fc 4500 3400 3500 9100
Soybeans Yield 19848.9 Fc 23640.9 Fc 17465.2 Fc 19633.5 Fc 12449.8 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity
Spinach Area Harvested 258 211 191 203 382
Spinach Production Quantity 2321 1696 1412 1408 2856
Spinach Yield 89961.2 Fc 80379.1 Fc 73926.7 Fc 69359.6 Fc 74764.4 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 2662 2664 2507 2591 2826
Strawberries Production Quantity 18909 21434 21969 21233 16496
Strawberries Yield 71033.1 Fc 80458 Fc 87630.6 Fc 81949.1 Fc 58372.3 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 18796 21627 21157 20254 28443
Sugar beet Production Quantity 660497 837895 816814 706660 748839
Sugar beet Yield 351403 Fc 387430 Fc 386073 Fc 348899 Fc 263277 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 993258 786058 761093 808791 748545
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1789330 1262930 1098050 1169940 546922
Sunflower seed Seed 6952.81 Fc 6952.81 Fc 5502.41 Fc 5327.65 Fc 5661.54 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 18014.8 Fc 16066.6 Fc 14427.3 Fc 14465.3 Fc 7306.47 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1681 1532 850 1235 757
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2562 2971 1566 2366 1128
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 15240.9 Fc 19393 Fc 18423.5 Fc 19157.9 Fc 14900.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 51745 49755 48954 51460 45950
Tomatoes Production Quantity 910978 768532 755596 814376 640785
Tomatoes Yield 176051 Fc 154463 Fc 154348 Fc 158254 Fc 139453 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1449 A 1497 A 1537 A 1733 A 2122 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35156 A 34402 A 38375 A 32309 A 25528 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 242623 Fc 229806 Fc 249675 Fc 186434 Fc 120302 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 41794 40677 38368 31785 31865
Triticale Production Quantity 144800 123120 97251 100818 81768
Triticale Seed 417.94 Fc 417.94 Fc 406.77 Fc 383.68 Fc 317.85 Fc
Triticale Yield 34646.1 Fc 30267.7 Fc 25346.9 Fc 31718.7 Fc 25660.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2692 2150 2088 2879 2536
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 37406 23336 26477 37093 28215
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 138952 Fc 108540 Fc 126806 Fc 128840 Fc 111258 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 263325 A 262256 A 266159 A 268155 A 250095 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4176880 A 3864160 A 3902410 A 3820990 A 3118460 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 158621 Fc 147343 Fc 146620 Fc 142492 Fc 124691 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 263325 A 262256 A 266159 A 268155 A 250095 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4176880 A 3864160 A 3902410 A 3820990 A 3118460 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 158621 Fc 147343 Fc 146620 Fc 142492 Fc 124691 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1435 1490 1523 1726 2119
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 35073 34359 38329 32259 25516
Walnuts, with shell Yield 244411 Fc 230597 Fc 251668 Fc 186900 Fc 120415 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 26716 27057 28491 25930 25224
Watermelons Production Quantity 592214 610613 602813 508466 374536
Watermelons Yield 221670 Fc 225677 Fc 211580 Fc 196092 Fc 148484 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1945850 2152520 2140550 2098370 1890920
Wheat Production Quantity 7131590 5811810 5202530 7180980 3044460
Wheat Seed 606545 F 606545 603017 591519 546063
Wheat Yield 36650.3 Fc 27000 Fc 24304.6 Fc 34221.7 Fc 16100.4 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 8500 F 6571 Im 10810 Im 11353 Im 10809 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 7500 F 5500 F 6000 F 9715 Im 12552 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 8823.53 Fc 8370.11 Fc 5550.42 Fc 8557.21 Fc 11612.5 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 59298 81672 73377 71589 72430
Apples Production Quantity 590413 637979 1097840 811100 491500
Apples Yield 99567.1 Fc 78114.8 Fc 149616 Fc 113300 Fc 67858.6 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 2900 4151 3468 3809 3919
Apricots Production Quantity 38754 52410 20648 42591 18300
Apricots Yield 133634 Fc 126259 Fc 59538.6 Fc 111817 Fc 46695.6 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 165 Im 159 Im 175 Im 199 Im 196 Im
Artichokes Production Quantity 2200 F 1878 Im 2474 Im 2429 Im 2031 Im
Artichokes Yield 133333 Fc 118113 Fc 141371 Fc 122060 Fc 103622 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 326419 471635 412007 317235 549738
Barley Production Quantity 772929 1079150 1406000 540800 1160390
Barley Seed 76213.6 Fc 73444.3 Fc 106118 Fc 92701.6 Fc 71377.9 Fc
Barley Yield 23679 Fc 22881 Fc 34125.6 Fc 17047.3 Fc 21108.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 57441 57650 45430 26996 25617
Beans, dry Production Quantity 34942 41733 53517 39679 33600
Beans, dry Seed 820 Fc 1160 Fc 1160 Fc 920 Fc 546 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 6083.11 Fc 7239.03 Fc 11780.1 Fc 14698.1 Fc 13116.3 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 12716 10766 8496 11195 10816
Beans, green Production Quantity 64240 54280 52246 52535 49876
Beans, green Yield 50519 Fc 50418 Fc 61494.8 Fc 46927.2 Fc 46113.2 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 348 Im 371 Im 400 F 800 F 620 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2200 * 2200 * 2200 * 6800 * 5000 *
Berries Nes Yield 63218.4 Fc 59299.2 Fc 55000 Fc 85000 Fc 80645.2 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 300 F 700 F 300 F 650 F 500 F
Blueberries Production Quantity 2000 * 3500 * 1400 * 5000 * 2500 *
Blueberries Yield 66666.7 Fc 50000 Fc 46666.7 Fc 76923.1 Fc 50000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 45742 54675 42528 42169 40400
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1112680 1011630 924686 1019230 821400
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 243251 Fc 185026 Fc 217430 Fc 241701 Fc 203317 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 19167 17412 14439 16816 12000 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 265595 221999 209352 227409 198000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 138569 Fc 127498 Fc 144991 Fc 135234 Fc 165000 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Castor oil seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1722 1801 706 1392 980 Im
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 23813 24121 11470 15183 12188 Im
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 138287 Fc 133931 Fc 162465 Fc 109073 Fc 124367 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 5080080 A 5803630 A 6107610 A 5116680 A 5711370 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 15753600 A 19345700 A 24400100 A 12966400 A 14357000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 754064 A 875449 A 866694 A 668934 A 742585 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 31010.5 Fc 33333.8 Fc 39950.3 Fc 25341.4 Fc 25137.6 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 250 F 296 3280 2543 7000 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 402 F 430 3280 2383 24000
Cereals, nes Seed 82.26 Fc 45 Fc 53.28 Fc 590.4 Fc 457.74 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 16080 Fc 14527 Fc 10000 Fc 9370.82 Fc 34285.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5080080 A 5803630 A 6107610 A 5116680 A 5711370 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15759700 A 19350500 A 24401700 A 12966400 A 14357200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 754064 A 875449 A 866694 A 668934 A 742585 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 31022.6 Fc 33342 Fc 39953 Fc 25341.5 Fc 25137.9 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 7240 8702 9612 9861 11653
Cherries Production Quantity 104791 117859 50988 98500 66300
Cherries Yield 144739 Fc 135439 Fc 53046.2 Fc 99888.4 Fc 56895.2 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 3 20 F 17 18 Im 19 Im
Chestnuts Production Quantity 22 66 47 80 Im 59 Im
Chestnuts Yield 73333.3 Fc 33000 Fc 27647.1 Fc 44444.4 Fc 31052.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 399 380 834
Chick peas Production Quantity 465 295 1018
Chick peas Seed 23.92 Fc 15.96 Fc 15.2 Fc 33.36 Fc
Chick peas Yield 11654.1 Fc 7763.16 Fc 12206.2 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested
Chicory roots Production Quantity
Chicory roots Yield
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 14955 Im 20646 Im 21803 Im 22369 Im 21298 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 32000 F 35964 Im 38745 Im 29184 Im 38322 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 21397.5 Fc 17419.3 Fc 17770.5 Fc 13046.6 Fc 17993.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 22705 18899 18099 19975 19094
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 279126 203751 237240 249125 197442
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 122936 Fc 107810 Fc 131079 Fc 124718 Fc 103405 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3082140 A 3352100 A 3859770 A 3705630 A 3562670 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10215100 A 11995600 A 16584400 A 10487100 A 9935610 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 181357 A 177721 A 216779 A 211660 A 191042 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 33142.9 Fc 35785.1 Fc 42967.2 Fc 28300.6 Fc 27888.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed F F F F F
Cranberries Area Harvested 87 Im 93 Im 100 F 120 F 96 Im
Cranberries Production Quantity 402 Im 360 Im 500 * 1000 * 800 *
Cranberries Yield 46206.9 Fc 38709.7 Fc 50000 Fc 83333.3 Fc 83333.3 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 15668 10589 11327 11021 10373
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 156416 142945 199494 151319 140760
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 99831.5 Fc 134994 Fc 176123 Fc 137301 Fc 135698 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 59 Im 63 79 100 F 150 F
Currants Production Quantity 115 F 109 804 2000 * 2500 *
Currants Yield 19491.5 Fc 17301.6 Fc 101772 Fc 200000 Fc 166667 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 11396 9511 8932 9514 4001 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 155919 124708 149681 131030 116000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 136819 Fc 131120 Fc 167578 Fc 137723 Fc 289928 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2304 A 2279 A 1400 A 1600 A 1400 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3922 A 5050 A 2200 A 3900 A 6400 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 17022.6 Fc 22158.8 Fc 15714.3 Fc 24375 Fc 45714.3 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 804 179 Im 200 F 400 400
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 1522 350 F 300 F 700 800
Flax fibre and tow Yield 18930.3 Fc 19553.1 Fc 15000 Fc 17500 Fc 20000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 354228 A 378544 A 403809 A 422884 A 427008 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2397400 A 2144440 A 2974840 A 3166490 A 2028690 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 67679.7 Fc 56649.6 Fc 73669.5 Fc 74878.4 Fc 47509.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5000 F 6000 F 3000 F 6500 F 4593 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 37500 * 57000 * 5000 * 65000 * 39000 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 75000 Fc 95000 Fc 16666.7 Fc 100000 Fc 84911.8 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 13024 12418 8747 14757 14900
Garlic Production Quantity 64222 68374 65884 76523 72423
Garlic Yield 49310.5 Fc 55060.4 Fc 75321.8 Fc 51855.4 Fc 48606 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 190294 170975 205381 223079 233095
Grapes Production Quantity 912383 505849 1230400 1077990 1076700
Grapes Yield 47946 Fc 29586.1 Fc 59908.2 Fc 48323.2 Fc 46191.5 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 10 Im 12 5
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 10 Im 13 16
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 10000 Fc 10833.3 Fc 32000 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 1500 2100 1200 1200 1000
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 2400 4700 1900 3200 5600
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 16000 Fc 22381 Fc 15833.3 Fc 26666.7 Fc 56000 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 1147 Im 1064 Im 1000 F 1200 1000
Hempseed Production Quantity 103 Im 91 Im 100 * 100 * 100 *
Hempseed Yield 897.99 Fc 855.26 Fc 1000 Fc 833.33 Fc 1000 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 652 280 50 203 152
Hops Production Quantity 435 194 37 209 142
Hops Yield 6671.78 Fc 6928.57 Fc 7400 Fc 10295.6 Fc 9342.11 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 185 54 184
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 2233 787 2636
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 120703 Fc 145741 Fc 143261 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested
Lentils Production Quantity
Lentils Seed
Lentils Yield
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 738 347 552 509 Im 500 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 4362 1761 3637 4000 F 5000 *
Lettuce and chicory Yield 59105.7 Fc 50749.3 Fc 65887.7 Fc 78585.5 Fc 100000 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 290 65 1407 1561 2204
Linseed Production Quantity 321 55 2465 1500 1760
Linseed Seed 18.92 Fc 11.6 Fc 2.6 Fc 56.28 Fc 62.44 Fc
Linseed Yield 11069 Fc 8461.54 Fc 17519.5 Fc 9609.22 Fc 7985.48 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2512940 2609110 3196130 3119100 2761220
Maize Production Quantity 8984730 10388500 14541600 9576990 8399800
Maize Seed 63829 64600 * 67000 * 79065 72785
Maize Yield 35753.9 Fc 39816.3 Fc 45497.5 Fc 30704.3 Fc 30420.6 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity
Millet Area Harvested 1650 3000 2500 F 2543 1519
Millet Production Quantity 1800 5000 2000 * 2087 1387
Millet Seed 63.06 Fc 49.5 Fc 90 Fc 75 Fc 76.29 Fc
Millet Yield 10909.1 Fc 16666.7 Fc 8000 Fc 8206.84 Fc 9131.01 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 2559 563 7050 80 9000 F
Mustard seed Area Harvested 4509 2626 16674 29985 12930
Mustard seed Production Quantity 3412 1194 13949 15445 6198
Mustard seed Seed 64.43 Fc 67.64 Fc 39.39 Fc 250.11 Fc 449.78 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 7567.09 Fc 4546.84 Fc 8365.72 Fc 5150.91 Fc 4793.5 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 195542 213163 187450 238472 230894
Oats Production Quantity 346918 377456 447079 323060 327400
Oats Seed 38665 Fc 36175.3 Fc 39435.2 Fc 34678.2 Fc 44117.3 Fc
Oats Yield 17741.3 Fc 17707.4 Fc 23850.6 Fc 13547.1 Fc 14179.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1271620 A 1179370 A 1108200 A 1325020 A 1003630 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1097830 A 967305 A 1037600 A 901207 A 613586 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 19093.5 A 27787.8 A 21298.7 A 18647.7 A 20645.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8633.37 Fc 8201.85 Fc 9362.87 Fc 6801.49 Fc 6113.65 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1271620 A 1179370 A 1108200 A 1325020 A 1003630 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 756397 A 663208 A 736463 A 667923 A 454553 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 6742.88 A 8720.88 A 7137.07 A 6437.08 A 7336.35 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5948.31 Fc 5623.39 Fc 6645.56 Fc 5040.87 Fc 4529.08 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 33647 35489 28275 36806 37682
Onions, dry Production Quantity 390694 363625 332827 350400 340784
Onions, dry Yield 116116 Fc 102461 Fc 117711 Fc 95201.9 Fc 90436.8 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3891 4470 2933 4179 4400
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 54035 63434 41939 58311 51300
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 138872 Fc 141911 Fc 142990 Fc 139533 Fc 116591 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1973 2689 3126 2892 3273
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 17408 29797 19629 18000 13000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 88231.1 Fc 110811 Fc 62792.7 Fc 62240.7 Fc 39718.9 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 4421 6067 5316 5895 6101
Pears Production Quantity 62425 88890 45931 103758 68100
Pears Yield 141201 Fc 146514 Fc 86401.4 Fc 176010 Fc 111621 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 17530 12210 23590 18135 14844
Peas, dry Production Quantity 35682 38801 57018 23500 20450
Peas, dry Seed 2000 Fc 1800 Fc 1300 Fc 2400 Fc 1880 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 20354.8 Fc 31778 Fc 24170.4 Fc 12958.4 Fc 13776.6 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 6067 5342 2646 5435 5323
Peas, green Production Quantity 26097 23269 17411 20247 19605
Peas, green Yield 43014.7 Fc 43558.6 Fc 65801.2 Fc 37253 Fc 36830.7 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 78940 93866 96996 94489 87771
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 598753 622357 475767 909648 220638
Plums and sloes Yield 75849.1 Fc 66302.7 Fc 49050.2 Fc 96270.3 Fc 25137.9 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 3802 Im 3526 Im 3313 Im 3961 Im 3000 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 1500 F 1280 Im 1400 * 1400 * 1400 *
Poppy seed Seed 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F
Poppy seed Yield 3945.29 Fc 3630.18 Fc 4225.78 Fc 3534.46 Fc 4666.67 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 283089 285312 254005 281868 283200
Potatoes Production Quantity 4015900 3738590 4230210 3947180 4077630
Potatoes Seed 862400 862400 788000 842169 847618
Potatoes Yield 141860 Fc 131035 Fc 166540 Fc 140036 Fc 143984 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 458 95 2450 2310 2200
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 485 84 778 400 1200
Pulses, nes Seed 26.75 Fc 22.9 Fc 4.75 Fc 122.5 Fc 115.5 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 10589.5 Fc 8842.11 Fc 3175.51 Fc 1731.6 Fc 5454.55 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 75828 A 70335 A 72304 A 47441 A 42661 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 71574 A 80913 A 112331 A 63579 A 55250 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 2870.67 A 2998.86 A 2479.95 A 3475.86 A 2541.5 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9438.99 Fc 11504 Fc 15535.9 Fc 13401.7 Fc 12950.9 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 6638 2852 47949 25000 F 19918 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 82076 49215 290832 333000 * 238000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 123646 Fc 172563 Fc 60654.4 Fc 133200 Fc 119490 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 871 Im 928 Im 1000 F 1100 F 907 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 6447 Im 5767 Im 8000 * 8200 * 6500 *
Quinces Yield 74018.4 Fc 62144.4 Fc 80000 Fc 74545.4 Fc 71664.8 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 102532 84222 47931 12744 54559
Rapeseed Production Quantity 175050 147566 98661 8100 35900
Rapeseed Seed 3067.71 Fc 1025.32 Fc 842.22 Fc 479.31 Fc 127.44 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 17072.7 Fc 17521.1 Fc 20584 Fc 6355.93 Fc 6580.03 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 100 100 100 98 58
Raspberries Production Quantity 2200 * 2200 * 1200 * 2000 * 1000 *
Raspberries Yield 220000 Fc 220000 Fc 120000 Fc 204082 Fc 172414 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 5583 3394 1239 105 500
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 18420 14251 4963 253 600
Rice, paddy Seed 2183.76 Fc 1507.41 Fc 916.38 Fc 334.53 Fc 28.35 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 32993 Fc 41988.8 Fc 40056.5 Fc 24095.2 Fc 12000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 283089 A 285312 A 254005 A 281868 A 283200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4015900 A 3738590 A 4230210 A 3947180 A 4077630 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 862400 A 862400 A 788000 A 842169 A 847618 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 141860 Fc 131035 Fc 166540 Fc 140036 Fc 143984 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 17242 20650 21792 10761 10500
Rye Production Quantity 35720 48962 55000 17358 20080
Rye Seed 2149.38 Fc 3103.56 Fc 3717 Fc 3922.56 Fc 1936.98 Fc
Rye Yield 20716.8 Fc 23710.4 Fc 25238.6 Fc 16130.5 Fc 19123.8 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 740 756 8700 4687 1802
Sorghum Production Quantity 1331 1912 28400 4991 2557
Sorghum Seed 35.76 Fc 29.6 Fc 30.24 Fc 348 Fc 187.48 Fc
Sorghum Yield 17986.5 Fc 25291 Fc 32643.7 Fc 10648.6 Fc 14189.8 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 177481 130752 112243 122224 69793
Soybeans Production Quantity 344909 312781 298506 224900 145900
Soybeans Seed 18583.4 Fc 30171.8 Fc 22227.8 Fc 19081.3 Fc 20778.1 Fc
Soybeans Yield 19433.6 Fc 23921.7 Fc 26594.6 Fc 18400.6 Fc 20904.7 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity
Spinach Area Harvested 655 238 642 500 Im 491 Im
Spinach Production Quantity 4467 1229 5426 3930 * 4000 F
Spinach Yield 68198.5 Fc 51638.7 Fc 84517.1 Fc 78600 Fc 81466.4 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 2397 2167 1554 1902 1842
Strawberries Production Quantity 21612 18158 14533 14900 16850
Strawberries Yield 90162.7 Fc 83793.3 Fc 93519.9 Fc 78338.6 Fc 91476.7 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 39149 25023 20767 37936 40746
Sugar beet Production Quantity 1152200 729658 672723 764475 954630
Sugar beet Yield 294311 Fc 291595 Fc 323938 Fc 201517 Fc 234288 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 981856 957119 925634 1153340 860146
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1526230 1340940 1557810 1506400 1002800
Sunflower seed Seed 5239.81 Fc 6872.99 Fc 6699.83 Fc 6479.44 Fc 8073.39 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 15544.3 Fc 14010.2 Fc 16829.7 Fc 13061.2 Fc 11658.5 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1408 3220 7471 7111 8613
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1686 3682 7471 7900 16000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 11974.4 Fc 11434.8 Fc 10000 Fc 11109.5 Fc 18576.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 49967 46487 58461 49300 47828
Tomatoes Production Quantity 834968 626960 1330090 818900 658800
Tomatoes Yield 167104 Fc 134868 Fc 227517 Fc 166105 Fc 137744 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1691 A 2095 A 1878 A 2031 A 2075 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 38503 A 47889 A 15671 A 50899 A 37582 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 227694 Fc 228587 Fc 83445.1 Fc 250611 Fc 181118 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 27356 33494 27912 10290
Triticale Production Quantity 71285 94142 100997 19473
Triticale Seed 318.65 Fc 273.56 Fc 334.94 Fc 279.12 Fc 102.9 Fc
Triticale Yield 26058.3 Fc 28107.1 Fc 36184.1 Fc 18924.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3500 F 5000 F 10000 * 24000 * 22000 *
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 29842 12000 * 167000 * 465000 * 365000 *
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 85262.9 Fc 24000 Fc 167000 Fc 193750 Fc 165909 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 278282 A 269029 A 299940 A 310186 A 289902 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4143300 A 3624860 A 4774550 A 4684930 A 3901610 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 148889 Fc 134738 Fc 159184 Fc 151036 Fc 134584 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 278282 A 269029 A 299940 A 310186 A 289902 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4143300 A 3624860 A 4774550 A 4684930 A 3901610 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 148889 Fc 134738 Fc 159184 Fc 151036 Fc 134584 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1678 2063 1856 2013 2056
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 38471 47810 15608 50819 37523
Walnuts, with shell Yield 229267 Fc 231750 Fc 84094.8 Fc 252454 Fc 182505 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 30689 32520 34849 37419 39000
Watermelons Production Quantity 587756 628326 723179 706274 600000
Watermelons Yield 191520 Fc 193212 Fc 207518 Fc 188747 Fc 153846 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1992360 2448130 2246600 1410940 2148200
Wheat Production Quantity 5526190 7340660 7812430 2479050 4421000
Wheat Seed 570524 696221 648999 456940 551515
Wheat Yield 27736.9 Fc 29984.8 Fc 34774.5 Fc 17570.2 Fc 20580 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 13982 Q 14156 Q 13621 Q 13634 Q 13630 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 83 Q 83.9 Q 71.6 Q 85.4 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 100 Q 84 Q 68 Q 46.5 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 103.4 Q 83.3 Q 296 Q 257 Q 320.3 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 183 Q 167.9 Q 139.6 Q 131.9 Q
Arable land Area 8995 Q 9146 Q 8789 Q 8721 Q 8675 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 9439 Q 9609 Q 9249 Q 9184 Q 9136 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 64 Fm 54 Q 40 Q 36 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 84 Fm 73 Q 52 Q 37 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 148 Fm 127 Q 92 Q 73 Q
Country area Area 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q
Fallow land Area 913 Q 1339 Q 905 Q 923 Q 898 Q
Forest area Area 6609.4 Fm 6573 Q 6536.6 Fm 6500.2 Fm 6463.8 Fm
Inland water Area 823 Q 834 Q 833 Q 849 Q 850 Q
Land area Area 23016 Q 23005 Q 23006 Q 22990 Q 22989 Q
Other land Area 2424.6 Fm 2276 Fm 2848.4 Fm 2855.8 Fm 2895.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 4543 Q 4547 Q 4372 Q 4450 Q 4533 Q
Permanent crops Area 444 Q 463 Q 460 Q 463 Q 461 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 1 Q 0.9 Q 0.6 Q 0.4 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 2 Q 1 Q 1 Q 0.5 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 3 Q 1.9 Q 1.6 Q 0.9 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4543 Q 4547 Q 4372 Q 4450 Q 4494 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 18 Q 29 Q 31 Q 49 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 14 Q 10 Q 15 Q 9 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 32 Q 39 Q 46 Q 58 Q
Temporary crops Area 7205 Q 6956 Q 7058 Q 6969 Q 7009 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 877 Q 851 Q 826 Q 829 Q 768 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3149 Q 3154 Q 3157 Q 3157 Q 3156 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 14039 Q 14180 Q 14130 Q 14800 Q 14818 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 65.2 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 43.1 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 96.5 Q 46 Q 327 W 569 Q 488 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 108.3 Q 92.8 I
Arable land Area 8939 Q 8985 Q 8915 Q 9377 Q 9376 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 9408 Q 9495 Q 9344 Q 9842 Q 9859 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 34 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 23 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 57 Q
Country area Area 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q
Fallow land Area 1055 Q 517 Q 387 Q 498 Q 375 Q
Forest area Area 6427.4 Fm 6391 Q 6386 Fm 6381 Fm 6376 Fm
Inland water Area 841 Q 841 Fm 839 Fm 844 Fm 852 Fm
Land area Area 22998 Q 22998 Q 23000 Q 22995 Q 22987 Q
Other land Area 2531.6 Fm 2427 Fm 2484 Fm 1814 Fm 1793 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 4631 Q 4685 Q 4786 Q 4958 Q 4959 Q
Permanent crops Area 469 Q 510 Q 429 Q 465 Q 483 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 0.2 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.1 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 0.3 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4631 Q 4685 Q 4786 Q 4958 Q 4959 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 31 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 20 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 51 Q
Temporary crops Area 7025 Q 7648 Q 7970 Q 7655 Q 7845 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 859 Q 820 Q 558 Q 1224 Q 1156 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3157 Q 3176 Q 3177 Q 3176 Q 3176 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files