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Datasheet

Portugal

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Eradicated Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Sousa et al., 2010.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmas Present Parente et al., 1994.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present Bradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Balestra et al., 2010; Balestra et al., 2011b; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present Cruz et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; Bradbury, 1986.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Silva AADa, 1946.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Present Introduced Bernardo and Ilheu, 1997.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; Petri, 1917.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present Introduced YesIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014; Gomes and Amaro, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present Introduced Logrieco et al., 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Restricted distribution Mansilla et al., 1999a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Minter, 1994.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present Esteves, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present EPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Paiva-Cardoso et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Caetano, 1980; Neves et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Oliveira, 1944; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Native UK CAB International, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Native NoGonçalves, 1936; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Present Native No
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaInonotus rickii Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Present Gonzalez Fragoso, 1918.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Santiago, 1955; Santiago, 1961.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Garner et al., 2005.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present Introduced Hove and Weerdenburg, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcalyptris platani Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcleris variegana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrocinus longimanus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present Gomez-Bustillo, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaActinopteryx fucicola Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesIlharco, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumida Absent, intercepted only Introduced Murilhas, 2005; FERA, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgathis brownii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Widespread CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara clavicornis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present Magalhaes, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisopilothrips venustulus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoscopus albifrons Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnotylus nitidulus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnotylus speculifrons Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus museorum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella tinerfensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphaenogaster senilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis salicariae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephaga Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphodius gracilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present Bella, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium assimile Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta acuticollis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta amicula Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta atramentaria Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta castanoptera Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta dilutipennis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta divisa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta luridipennis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta nigra Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta oblita Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta palustris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta sordida Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta triangulum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta trinotata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria apicalis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria munda Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Localised Introduced YesFischer-Piette and Prenant, 1957; Fischer-Piette and Forest, 1961; Barnes and Barnes, 1965a; Barnes and Barnes, 1966; O'Riordan and Ramsay, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus eburneus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus trigonus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius sordidus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlaps gigas Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlastobasis maroccanella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypeplus mauli Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachytemnus porcatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius foveolatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius lividimanus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus rufipes Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuchananiella continua Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Widespread Fuentes Garcia, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCafius xantholoma Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalymmaderus oblongus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Native Roman and Palumbi, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla emeryi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla mauritanica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla nuda Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus fumatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus nepos Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus pilosellus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus quadrisignatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus succisus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus zeaphilus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCathormiocerus curvipes Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon depressus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon haemorhoidalis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon inquinatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon nigriceps Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon obsoletus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon quisquilius Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Widespread Introduced YesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996; Marques et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysoesthia sexguttella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Restricted distribution CIE, 1969; Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesIlharco, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara laportei Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara nuda Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClavigesta sylvestrana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClytus arietis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Gonçalves et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus posticus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCordalia obscura Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCordicomus instabilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present Bella, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCosmopterix pulchrimella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrenidorsum aroidephagus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptocephalus sulphureus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus dentatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus saginatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus schmidti Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present, few occurrences Introduced Nunes et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulata Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCypha pulicaria Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes dermestinus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes murinus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella ruficollis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiplopseustis perieresalis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present, few occurrences Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2013b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present Native NoKarsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus pumilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Present Introduced NoIlharco, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnochrus bicolor Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpermenia aequidentellus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphistemus globulus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea aestiva Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea longula Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced Cigoña and Ferreira, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Widespread CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEsperia sulphurella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuplectus infirmus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuplexia lucipara Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerraria crispa (Black flag) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoPavón-Gozalo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015; Bella, 2013; Dhahri et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Present Native Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Introduced NoBrown et al., 2008a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Widespread Anon., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Present Native NoBorges et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Silva Dias, 1955.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoTormos and Garrido, 1991; Martinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Restricted distribution Balachowsky, 1963; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Widespread Tavares et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesGrijpma , 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale) Widespread Burban et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreae Present Introduced Batista et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm) Present Lauckner, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present Bella, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Present Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present, few occurrences Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Restricted distribution Branco et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesDavis and Pena, 1990; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Widespread Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Localised Introduced Cuesta et al., 2004; González-Ortegón et al., 2005; Chícharo et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Present Introduced Morgun and Wiemers, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Present Nogueira and Ferreira, 1968; Lastuvka and Lastuvka, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Neves, 1936; CIE, 1979; Carvalho et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianus Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Introduced Perez Moreno, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present, few occurrences Native CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoOliveira, 1887; Escalera, 1919; Baeta Neves, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Fernandes, 1990; Pedroso et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Widespread Carmona and Dias, 1966; Carvalho and Aguiar, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced YesHoldich and et al. , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug) Present Introduced Kozar and Franco, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Localised Native NoAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Localised Introduced Gonçalves et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present De Lotto, 1965; CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer) Present Zuzarte, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Evaristo, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present Native Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Introduced YesGarcia et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Widespread Native EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Ferreira and Ferreira, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet) Localised Introduced YesRome et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoDiniz, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinata Widespread Introduced YesMarchini et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Introduced Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlloeocarpa loculosa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlif, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria montana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Localised
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChamaeleo chameleon Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClavelina oblonga Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix) Localised Introduced Catálogo Español Especies Exóticas Invasoras, 2013; eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Widespread Introduced YesClavero and García-Berthou, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamiger Present Introduced Turon et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced YesFAO, Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesBonesi and Palazon, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoWeller, 2001; Vingada et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Collares-Pereira et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised Introduced eBird, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Widespread Introduced Gonzalez et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced BirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe and Matthysen, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Introduced Azevedo et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Almaça, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Introduced Azevedo et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Introduced Fujisaki et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present, few occurrences Introduced Clergeau and Yésou, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion rufus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Present Native Matos and Corte-Real, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Native NoAlbuquerque de Matos, 1979; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Almeida et al., 1999; Bernardino, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Widespread Castillejo, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Strayer, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoMorelet, 1845; Rodriquez and Hermida, 1993; Bank, 2011c.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Widespread Native NoBarroso et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Native Hickman, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Cunha et al., 2010; De and Oliveira Altonaga, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Localised Introduced Sousa et al., 2005; Simoes, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Introduced Goulletquer, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Widespread Taylor, 1906-1914; Cowie, 1990; Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Widespread Introduced YesMaíllo et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced NoMota et al., 1999; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Inácio et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution Carmo et al., 1974; Pereira and Santos, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDracunculus vulgaris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present, few occurrences Introduced Santos et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesSantos et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present Macara, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Santos et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Restricted distribution Santos et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Macara, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Widespread Brown and Taylor, 1987; Bravo and Lemos, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Bravo, 1983; Bravo and Lemos, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa webbiana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesGuiry and Guiry, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrina Present
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed) Widespread Introduced YesEngelen and Santos, 2009; Monteiro et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesReed, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Bonafede et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDoodia caudata Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimum Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present YesGarcia, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamifera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturu Localised Introduced YesBárbara and Cremades, 2004; Araújo et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Ardré, 1970; Araújo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Widespread Native NoArdré, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present Introduced YesDomingues and Freitas, 2012; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon pictum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon sonneratianum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced YesMarchante and Marchante , 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Widespread YesEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesFloc'h E le, 1991; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced Floc'h E le, 1991; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced YesMarchante and Marchante, 2005; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia verticillata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha amentacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ageratum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes sicula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAetheorhiza bulbosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present NoDAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis nebulosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAichryson dichotomum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAizoon hispanicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlisma lanceolatum (Alisma) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subvillosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe ciliaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe maculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe plicatilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008; Clarke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria pulchella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993; Carretero, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Queiros, 1989; Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelodesmos mauritanicus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmphilophium buccinatorium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus radiatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndryala integrifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium nodiflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis stoechadifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis venusta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyranthemum pinnatifidum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArisarum vulgare Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia tournefortiana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Richardson and Smythies, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus cymbicarpos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (long-spine cactus) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Widespread YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Restricted distribution Costa, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena matritensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979; Costa, 1988; Caiado et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermedia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea verna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia foliosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia minor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBencomia caudata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens biternata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced YesBiorede, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella auriculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlackstonia perfoliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa japonica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Widespread Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoEuro+Med Plantbase, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassaia actinophylla (octopus tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica barrelieri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Widespread Native NoAcedo and Llamas, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Franco and Do Amara , 1971; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Lozano and Rivas Ponse , 1993; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia cretica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fruticosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum lancifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche brutia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche deflexa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvatica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia soldanella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula erinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lusitanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Native Queiros, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex bohemica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex curta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex debilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex livida Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex muricata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex panicea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex viridula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present only in captivity/cultivation GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diluta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Present Native NoDostal, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea sonchifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea sphaerocephala Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium erythraea (European centaury) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium maritimum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium pulchellum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium tenuiflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus calcitrapae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe major Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaemelum mixtum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthe aethiopica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Brenan and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilio Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum carinatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClivia nobilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClytostoma callistegioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Widespread Stace, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus farinosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza ivifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorrigiola litoralis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present YesMarchante and Marchante, 2005; DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula aquatica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014; OEPP/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula multicava Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula peduncularis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula tillaea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula vaillantii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis foetida Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrinum bulbispermum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrinum moonieri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus serotinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCullen americanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea viscosissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclospermum leptophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbidium insigne Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum creticum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus flavescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus ovularis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (broom) Restricted distribution Native NoHeywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus striatus (striated broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium australe Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia spicata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Carvalho and Vasconcellos, 1958; Moore, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus durieua Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Restricted distribution Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus subacaulis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus tripunctatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiascia barberae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichorisandra thyrsiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDietes iridioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria debilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Monteiro and Rocha, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDimorphotheca barberae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis catholica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis viminea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDisphyma crassifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoryanthes palmeri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosanthemum floribundum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosera capensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Vasconcelos, 1989; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Native NoGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984; Couthinho, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass) Present, few occurrences Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis flavescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachya Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleutheranthera ruderalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Dandy, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present Fontes et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Restricted distribution Native Tutin et al., 1964; Holm et al., 1979; Jalas and Suominen, 1979; Greuter et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium obscurum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium parviflorum (Small flowered hairy willow herb) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis barrelieri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica ciliaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica lusitanica (Spanish heath) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesMarchante and Marchante, 2005; Meusel and Jäger, 1992; República Portuguesa, 1999; DAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocephalus africanus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia bifida Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia rubra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesyce Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia pseudograntii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum dibotrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced Jalas and Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFascicularia pitcairniifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago lutescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago minima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced YesAlmeida and Freitas, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Present, few occurrences NoGibbs, 1968; Gibbs and Dingwall, 1971; Pignatti, 1982; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea) Restricted distribution Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Popescu et al., 1983; Chirila and Pintilie, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Restricted distribution Native NoSell and West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Native GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranae Present Native USDA-GRIN, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present Ball and Akeroyd, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Berhaut, 1975; Berhaut, 1975; Heller, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Âlvarez, 1981; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Almeida and Freitas, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Introduced, not established Introduced DAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Introduced Scher, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native YesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Introduced Galán et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Nesom, 2009; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Introduced CEH, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree) Restricted distribution No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Murphy et al., 1993; Costa et al., 1999; Ferreira and Moreira, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Catarino et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; Freitas et al., 2009; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Candolle Ade, 1885.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Valentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native UTAD, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Widespread Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Introduced NoValdes and Scholz, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Costa, 1981; , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Parthasarathy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Goodland and Healey, 1996; Ferreira et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Euro+Med Plantbase, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Monteiro et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native YesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Walters, 1964; Vasconcelos, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016; Polunin and Smythies, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Chater and, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron) Restricted distribution Native NoCross, 1975; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort) Restricted distribution Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native Chater and Walters, 1976; Franco, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Introduced Almeida and Freitas, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Native Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Coutinho, 1939; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Holm et al., 1991; Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972; Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk) Restricted distribution Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Baraud and Branco, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Clapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Widespread Introduced YesAguiar et al., 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Tutin, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Cook, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoGreuter et al., 1984; Menezes and Silva, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Native Sequeira et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present NoISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced Almeida and Freitas, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) Restricted distribution Native NoTewksbury et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Sérgio et al., 2003; Sérgio, 1997.
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringens Present López-Sanmartín et al., 2015.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Localised Franco et al., 1995.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Widespread Franca and Almeida, 1989.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Henriques, 1990.
Virusbluetongue virus Native OIE, 2005; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2004; Louro et al., 2000.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; Adam et al., 1987; EPPO, 2014.
Virusequine arteritis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Pedroso et al., 1991; Mansinho et al., 1999.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Restricted distribution Introduced NoRoy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Native OIE, 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Louro et al., 1996.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009.
Actinobaculum suis infections Present Vieira et al., 1993.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Mellor and Boorman, 1995.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present , 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Widespread Introduced YesMaíllo et al., 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Present OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Present OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Cavanagh et al., 1992a; Cavanagh et al., 1992b.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian trichomoniasis Present Ponce et al., 2002.
avian tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
blackleg Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2005.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Stilwell et al., 2007.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Present OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported Ribeiro et al., 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Garner et al., 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Present Introduced Bernardo and Ilheu, 1997; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Native Alves and Matos, 2000; Alves et al., 2001; Alves et al., 2003; Alves et al., 2003; Delgado et al., 2003; Delgado et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
enteric redmouth disease Present Sousa et al., 1996; Sousa et al., 2001.
enzootic abortion of ewes Present OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Perestrelo-Vieira et al., 1997.
epitheliocystis Present Cruz et al., 2000.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Berto et al., 2012c.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infection with Marteilia refringens Present López-Sanmartín et al., 2015; OIE, 2009.
infection with Perkinsus olseni Present Costa et al., 2012.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Bourdeau et al., 2014; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Localised De and Sewell, 2000.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoSantos et al., 2003.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Widespread Machado et al., 1987.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Goncalves, 1984.
Myicola ostreae infestation Present Introduced Batista et al., 2009.
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm) Present Lauckner, 1983.
myxomatosis Present OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Cabaj and Choromanski, 2000.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Vieira and Perestrelo, 1981.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pseudotuberculosis in fish Present Baptista et al., 1996.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Reported present or known to be present Madeira, 1949; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Present OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Vieira et al., 1984.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2004b.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Absent, intercepted only Introduced FERA, 2010; Murilhas, 2005; OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Native OIE, 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present Leitao, 1943; OIE, 1998; Caeiro, 1999.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Aboim-Inglez and Orvalho, 1942.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present Machado et al., 1987.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral erythrocytic necrosis Present Eiras, 1984; Eiras et al., 1996.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Filipe and de, 1990.
white spot disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome) Present Paiva-Cardoso et al., 2014.
yellow head disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 26877 26800 26839 28535 30048
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 7680 7000 9145 7367 9164
Almonds, with shell Yield 2857.46 Fc 2611.94 Fc 3407.35 Fc 2581.74 Fc 3049.79 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 12539 12450 12565 13757 14558
Apples Production Quantity 247229 212902 263146 237011 245471
Apples Yield 197168 Fc 171006 Fc 209428 Fc 172284 Fc 168616 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 390 400 387 404 420
Apricots Production Quantity 3225 3227 3887 3117 3274
Apricots Yield 82692.3 Fc 80675 Fc 100439 Fc 77153.5 Fc 77952.4 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 10981 Im 11000 F 11067 Im 11600 F 11500 F
Avocados Production Quantity 16097 Im 16842 Im 16000 P 16250 F 16000 F
Avocados Yield 14659 Fc 15310.9 Fc 14457.4 Fc 14008.6 Fc 13913 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 1198 Im 1200 F 1111 Im 1160 Im 1200 F
Bananas Production Quantity 30181 Im 31579 Im 30000 F 30500 F 30000 F
Bananas Yield 251928 Fc 263158 Fc 270027 Fc 262931 Fc 250000 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 18202 20224 41000 43100 39800
Barley Production Quantity 22965 30620 72799 99800 73900
Barley Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5500 F
Barley Yield 12616.8 Fc 15140.4 Fc 17755.8 Fc 23155.5 Fc 18567.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 3365 Im 3500 3600 6300 7600
Beans, dry Production Quantity 1899 Im 2000 2000 3200 4000
Beans, dry Seed 157.2 Fc 157.2 Fc 157.2 Fc 157.2 Fc 157.2 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 5643.39 Fc 5714.29 Fc 5555.56 Fc 5079.37 Fc 5263.16 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1471 Im 1458 Im 1475 Im 1256 Im 1300 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 17126 Im 19336 Im 18519 Im 15781 Im 17000 F
Beans, green Yield 116424 Fc 132620 Fc 125553 Fc 125645 Fc 130769 Fc
Berries Nes Production Quantity 120 Im 126 Im 120 F 110 F 83 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 251 Im 263 Im 250 F 220 F 200 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 20279 Im 24500 Im 25200 F 25000 F 24500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 17193 Im 20914 Im 19000 F 18500 F 18000 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 1350 Fc 1350 Fc 1350 Fc 1350 Fc 1350 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 8478.23 Fc 8536.33 Fc 7539.68 Fc 7400 Fc 7346.94 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 9275 Im 9195 Im 9300 F 9200 F 9000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 150734 Im 170189 Im 163000 F 161000 F 150000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 162516 Fc 185089 Fc 175269 Fc 175000 Fc 166667 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 8274 Im 9033 Im 9700 F 9500 F 9000 F
Carobs Production Quantity 31067 Im 22452 Im 21500 F 21000 F 20000 F
Carobs Yield 37547.7 Fc 24855.5 Fc 22165 Fc 22105.3 Fc 22222.2 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 4638 Im 4598 Im 4650 F 4600 F 4500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 144262 Im 162881 Im 156000 F 154000 F 150000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 311044 Fc 354243 Fc 335484 Fc 334783 Fc 333333 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 2194 Im 2175 Im 2200 F 2150 F 2100 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 38839 Im 43852 Im 42000 F 41000 F 40000 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 177024 Fc 201618 Fc 190909 Fc 190698 Fc 190476 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 258629 A 304022 A 340019 A 365277 A 318798 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 833865 A 962543 A 1064330 A 1261320 A 1040740 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 36500 A 36500 A 36500 A 37500 A 44000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 32241.8 Fc 31660.3 Fc 31302.2 Fc 34530.6 Fc 32645.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 258629 A 304022 A 340019 A 365277 A 318798 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 894621 A 1019220 A 1118210 A 1311510 A 1092760 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 36500 A 36500 A 36500 A 37500 A 44000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 34590.9 Fc 33524.6 Fc 32886.8 Fc 35904.4 Fc 34277.4 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 5659 5653 5655 5561 5539
Cherries Production Quantity 13444 9926 12064 10827 9613
Cherries Yield 23756.8 Fc 17558.8 Fc 21333.3 Fc 19469.5 Fc 17355.1 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 34648 34600 34591 33732 33117
Chestnuts Production Quantity 18271 22350 24305 23916 24251
Chestnuts Yield 5273.32 Fc 6459.54 Fc 7026.39 Fc 7090 Fc 7322.83 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1180 Im 1187 Im 1221 1114 1700
Chick peas Production Quantity 586 Im 614 Im 644 654 996
Chick peas Seed 59 Fc 59 Fc 59.35 Fc 61.05 Fc 55.7 Fc
Chick peas Yield 4966.1 Fc 5172.7 Fc 5274.37 Fc 5870.74 Fc 5858.82 Fc
Chicory roots Production Quantity 3718 Im 2729 Im 2650 F 2620 F 2600 F
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 239 Im 237 Im 240 F 230 F 220 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1295 Im 1462 Im 1400 F 1300 F 1250 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 54184.1 Fc 61687.8 Fc 58333.3 Fc 56521.7 Fc 56818.2 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 131 Im 137 Im 130 F 500 F 100 F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19776 A 19669 A 19592 A 22880 A 23097 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 277878 A 243518 A 233494 A 239973 A 266206 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 140513 Fc 123808 Fc 119178 Fc 104883 Fc 115256 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 184522 A 217195 A 238527 A 250677 A 229598 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 653540 A 766442 A 832268 A 957506 A 800758 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 22000 A 22000 A 22000 A 23000 A 24500 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 35418 Fc 35288.2 Fc 34892 Fc 38196.8 Fc 34876.5 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 396 Im 393 Im 397 Im 338 Im 350 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 8563 Im 9668 Im 9260 Im 7891 Im 8500 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 216237 Fc 246005 Fc 233249 Fc 233462 Fc 242857 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 349 Im 346 Im 350 F 320 F 300 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 6936 Im 7831 Im 7500 F 7000 F 6500 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 198739 Fc 226329 Fc 214286 Fc 218750 Fc 216667 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Figs Area Harvested 86847 Im 87000 F 82621 Im 86600 F 86382 Im
Figs Production Quantity 17812 Im 18637 Im 17705 Im 16600 F 16500 F
Figs Yield 2050.96 Fc 2142.18 Fc 2142.92 Fc 1916.86 Fc 1910.12 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 349500 A 350845 A 347967 A 363854 A 370291 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1711520 A 1780720 A 1691830 A 1591460 A 1651490 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 48970.4 Fc 50755.1 Fc 48620.3 Fc 43739.1 Fc 44599.9 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1797 Im 1800 F 1670 Im 1750 F 1392 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 5534 Im 5790 Im 5500 F 5250 F 4826 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 30795.8 Fc 32166.7 Fc 32934.1 Fc 30000 Fc 34669.5 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 328 Im 325 Im 329 Im 280 F 270 F
Garlic Production Quantity 1757 Im 1984 Im 1900 F 1860 F 1800 F
Garlic Yield 53567.1 Fc 61046.2 Fc 57750.8 Fc 66428.6 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 236 Im 215 Im 220 F 230 F 203 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 2214 Im 2316 Im 2200 F 2300 F 2000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 93813.6 Fc 107721 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 98522.2 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 179472 180079 181199 187801 193988
Grapes Production Quantity 744823 947298 784668 750924 806486
Grapes Yield 41500.8 Fc 52604.6 Fc 43304.2 Fc 39985.1 Fc 41574 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 14 Im 15 Im 15 F 15 F 15 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 31 Im 33 Im 31 Im 29 Im 30 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 22142.9 Fc 22000 Fc 20666.7 Fc 19333.3 Fc 20000 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 378 400 378 414 435
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 343 342 338 345 362
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 9074.07 Fc 8550 Fc 8941.8 Fc 8333.33 Fc 8321.84 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Yield
Hempseed Area Harvested
Hempseed Production Quantity
Hempseed Seed 117 B 117 B 114 B 120 B 163 B
Hempseed Yield
Hops Area Harvested 43 Im 45 Im 61 Im 60 Im 50 F
Hops Production Quantity 127 Im 123 Im 145 Im 128 Im 122 Im
Hops Yield 29534.9 Fc 27333.3 Fc 23770.5 Fc 21333.3 Fc 24400 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 1591 1589 1543 1464 1411
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 23473 23903 26927 15506 17521
Kiwi fruit Yield 147536 Fc 150428 Fc 174511 Fc 105915 Fc 124174 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 3338 Im 3309 Im 3347 Im 2850 F 2800 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 30928 Im 34920 Im 33445 Im 28500 F 28000 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 92654.3 Fc 105530 Fc 99925.3 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 866 854 848 880 881
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 13132 12765 12993 11210 10927
Lemons and limes Yield 151640 Fc 149473 Fc 153219 Fc 127386 Fc 124030 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 4538 Im 4499 Im 4550 F 4347 Im 4500 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 94602 Im 106812 Im 102300 F 101250 F 125737 Im
Lettuce and chicory Yield 208466 Fc 237413 Fc 224835 Fc 232919 Fc 279416 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested
Linseed Production Quantity
Linseed Seed
Linseed Yield
Lupins Area Harvested F F 15 F
Lupins Production Quantity F F 15 F
Lupins Seed 0.6 Fc
Lupins Yield 10000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 76878 Im 90371 94727 110877 105615
Maize Production Quantity 549667 Im 626222 634069 701606 616917
Maize Seed 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 4000 F 4000 F
Maize Yield 71498.6 Fc 69294.6 Fc 66936.5 Fc 63277.9 Fc 58411.9 Fc
Millet Area Harvested
Millet Production Quantity
Millet Seed F F F F
Millet Yield
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 1240 Im 1400 F 1100 F 1070 F 1050 F
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 2965 Im 3053 Im 3045 Im 3000 F 2562 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2501 Im 2824 Im 3214 Im 3000 F 1953 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 8435.08 Fc 9249.92 Fc 10555 Fc 10000 Fc 7622.95 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 50000 61700 58400 55200 46064
Oats Production Quantity 45000 66100 70700 92400 62039
Oats Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F
Oats Yield 9000 Fc 10713.1 Fc 12106.2 Fc 16739.1 Fc 13468 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 22426 A 14015 A 21315 A 24415 A 17615 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 15087.4 A 12130.3 A 13324.2 A 19656.2 A 19842 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 311.05 A 311.05 A 309.1 A 313 A 340.95 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 6727.65 Fc 8655.26 Fc 6251.08 Fc 8050.88 Fc 11264.3 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 365626 A 357234 A 365514 A 371554 A 364984 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 107383 A 105365 A 101733 A 88339.9 A 59282.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 233.08 A 233.08 A 232.36 A 233.8 A 244.12 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2936.97 Fc 2949.47 Fc 2783.29 Fc 2377.58 Fc 1624.25 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 15278 Im 14243 Im 13179 Im 20052 Im 20126 Im
Olives Area Harvested 343200 343219 344199 347139 347369
Olives Production Quantity 443800 445301 422978 343971 211230
Olives Yield 12931.2 Fc 12974.3 Fc 12288.8 Fc 9908.74 Fc 6080.85 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 190 Im 188 Im 190 F 180 F 175 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 3514 Im 3968 Im 3800 F 3600 F 3500 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 184947 Fc 211064 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 5136 Im 5092 Im 5150 F 5100 F 4900 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 114207 Im 128947 Im 123500 F 122500 F 117000 F
Onions, dry Yield 222366 Fc 253234 Fc 239806 Fc 240196 Fc 238776 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 16374 16300 16224 17270 17513
Oranges Production Quantity 228101 193900 183471 159663 194779
Oranges Yield 139307 Fc 118957 Fc 113086 Fc 92451.1 Fc 111220 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3689 Im 3657 Im 3699 Im 3150 F 3100 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 20714 Im 23388 Im 22400 F 22350 F 27662 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 56150.7 Fc 63954.1 Fc 60556.9 Fc 70952.4 Fc 89232.3 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 3711 3711 3651 4007 4373
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 34520 33000 40040 38528 43641
Peaches and nectarines Yield 93020.8 Fc 88924.8 Fc 109669 Fc 96151.7 Fc 99796.5 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 10971 10954 11015 11200 11403
Pears Production Quantity 230447 176764 200040 172199 140441
Pears Yield 210051 Fc 161369 Fc 181607 Fc 153749 Fc 123161 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 1347 Im 1335 Im 1350 Im 1150 F 1100 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 7490 Im 8457 Im 8100 F 8050 F 7700 F
Peas, green Yield 55605.1 Fc 63348.3 Fc 60000 Fc 70000 Fc 70000 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 258 Im 265 F 248 Im 260 F 250 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 3169 Im 3316 Im 3150 F 3120 F 3000 F
Pineapples Yield 122829 Fc 125132 Fc 127016 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1560 1565 1563 1592 1638
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 17390 15819 18382 17817 16175
Plums and sloes Yield 111474 Fc 101080 Fc 117607 Fc 111916 Fc 98748.5 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 26500 25800 28600 38900 41400
Potatoes Production Quantity 389800 384000 435200 566600 638900
Potatoes Seed 57000 F 57000 F 57000 F 62000 F 65000 F
Potatoes Yield 147094 Fc 148837 Fc 152168 Fc 145656 Fc 154324 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested F F F F F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity F F F F F
Pulses, nes Seed F F F F F
Pulses, nes Yield
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24824 A 29187 A 30021 A 32414 A 33815 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 19678 A 23528 A 21644 A 22354 A 23011 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1566.2 A 1566.2 A 1566.55 A 1568.25 A 1563.5 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7927.01 Fc 8061.12 Fc 7209.62 Fc 6896.4 Fc 6804.97 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 728 Im 722 Im 730 F 710 F 700 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 13039 Im 14722 Im 14100 F 13700 F 13500 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 179107 Fc 203906 Fc 193151 Fc 192958 Fc 192857 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 600 594 595 549 420
Quinces Production Quantity 5100 5147 5257 3555 3357
Quinces Yield 85000 Fc 86649.8 Fc 88352.9 Fc 64754.1 Fc 79928.6 Fc
Raspberries Production Quantity 1509 Im 1579 Im 1500 F 900 F 700 F
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 31213 29100 28500 26300 26900
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 182450 170200 161800 150700 156200
Rice, paddy Seed 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F
Rice, paddy Yield 58453.2 Fc 58488 Fc 56771.9 Fc 57300.4 Fc 58066.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28928 A 28164 A 31221 A 42465 A 44860 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 410232 A 404128 A 458012 A 596300 A 667550 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 57041.2 A 57040.6 A 57046.2 A 62059.5 A 65058 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 141811 Fc 143491 Fc 146700 Fc 140422 Fc 148807 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 17354 Im 20400 20600 21300 22219
Rye Production Quantity 15448 Im 17600 19400 22200 22702
Rye Seed 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F
Rye Yield 8901.69 Fc 8627.45 Fc 9417.48 Fc 10422.5 Fc 10217.4 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested
Safflower seed Production Quantity
Safflower seed Seed
Safflower seed Yield
Sour cherries Area Harvested 432 Im 433 Im 435 Im 479 Im 470 F
Sour cherries Production Quantity 721 Im 754 Im 716 Im 686 Im 700 F
Sour cherries Yield 16689.8 Fc 17413.4 Fc 16459.8 Fc 14321.5 Fc 14893.6 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity F F F F F
Spinach Area Harvested 918 Im 910 Im 920 F 869 Im 900 F
Spinach Production Quantity 15259 Im 17228 Im 16500 F 14853 Im 16000 F
Spinach Yield 166220 Fc 189319 Fc 179348 Fc 170921 Fc 177778 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 1797 Im 1800 F 1750 F 1720 F 1700 F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 4859 Im 5084 Im 4830 F 4750 F 4700 F
Stone fruit, nes Yield 27039.5 Fc 28244.4 Fc 27600 Fc 27616.3 Fc 27647.1 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1647 Im 1650 F 1600 F 1570 F 1550 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 2667 Im 2790 Im 2650 F 2620 F 2600 F
Strawberries Yield 16193.1 Fc 16909.1 Fc 16562.5 Fc 16687.9 Fc 16774.2 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 321 305 135 1600 3022
Sugar beet Production Quantity 7955 7955 6612 137000 254046
Sugar beet Yield 247819 Fc 260820 Fc 489778 Fc 856250 Fc 840655 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 60 F 60 F 60 F 60 F 60 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 5100 F 5100 F 5150 F 5100 F 5100 F
Sugar cane Yield 850000 Fc 850000 Fc 858333 Fc 850000 Fc 850000 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 22412 14000 21300 24400 17600
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 12572 7600 11500 16200 16500
Sunflower seed Seed 500 F 500 F 500 F 500 F 500 F
Sunflower seed Yield 5609.49 Fc 5428.57 Fc 5399.06 Fc 6639.34 Fc 9375 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 2316 Im 2255 Im 2500 Im 3400 F 3300 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 18574 Im 18298 Im 20738 Im 27000 F 26000 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 80198.6 Fc 81144.1 Fc 82952 Fc 79411.8 Fc 78787.9 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 2300 2300 2300 4500 4500
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 34300 34400 34700 66300 58400
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 149130 Fc 149565 Fc 150870 Fc 147333 Fc 129778 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 40 F 40 F 40 F 40 F 40 F
Tea Production Quantity 134 Im 142 Im 125 F 125 F 125 F
Tea Yield 33500 Fc 35500 Fc 31250 Fc 31250 Fc 31250 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 310 Im 300 600 400 443
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 922 Im 1000 1900 1400 1311
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 29741.9 Fc 33333.3 Fc 31666.7 Fc 35000 Fc 29593.7 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 16744 16600 16789 14297 14800
Tomatoes Production Quantity 1245360 1406100 1346700 1147600 1236240
Tomatoes Yield 743765 Fc 847048 Fc 802132 Fc 802686 Fc 835297 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 68032 A 68041 A 68012 A 68839 A 69362 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 31998 A 36133 A 41118 A 38380 A 39830 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 4703.37 Fc 5310.47 Fc 6045.7 Fc 5575.33 Fc 5742.34 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 22088 24500 23800 20200 15900
Triticale Production Quantity 20460 25900 35300 41500 25200
Triticale Seed 6000 F 6000 F 6000 F 6000 F 7000 F
Triticale Yield 9262.95 Fc 10571.4 Fc 14831.9 Fc 20544.5 Fc 15849.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 33410 Im 33123 Im 33500 F 33000 F 32500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 587216 Im 663007 Im 635000 F 627000 F 620000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 175761 Fc 200165 Fc 189552 Fc 190000 Fc 190769 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 89297 A 88528 A 89536 A 84365 A 83865 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2507010 A 2830590 A 2710770 A 2484310 A 2574940 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 280750 Fc 319739 Fc 302758 Fc 294471 Fc 307034 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 89297 A 88528 A 89536 A 84365 A 83865 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2507010 A 2830590 A 2710770 A 2484310 A 2574940 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 280750 Fc 319739 Fc 302758 Fc 294471 Fc 307034 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3164 Im 3188 Im 3159 3158 3200
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 3203 Im 3617 Im 4116 3752 4100
Walnuts, with shell Yield 10123.3 Fc 11345.7 Fc 13029.4 Fc 11880.9 Fc 12812.5 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 369 Im 366 Im 370 F 338 Im 350 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 3930 Im 4437 Im 4250 F 4000 F 3500 F
Watermelons Yield 106504 Fc 121230 Fc 114865 Fc 118343 Fc 100000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 42894 57727 72992 88300 62300
Wheat Production Quantity 58631 82578 124145 203300 135800
Wheat Seed 11000 F 11000 F 11000 F 11000 F 16000 F
Wheat Yield 13668.8 Fc 14304.9 Fc 17008 Fc 23023.8 Fc 21797.8 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 112 Im 109 Im 121 Im 165 F 160 F
Yams Production Quantity 1858 Im 1830 Im 2074 Im 2700 F 2650 F
Yams Seed 41.18 Fc 40.62 Fc 46.22 Fc 59.48 Fc 57.96 Fc
Yams Yield 165893 Fc 167890 Fc 171405 Fc 163636 Fc 165625 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 37900 38049 38178 38113 38417
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 12400 13823 13953 23829 30850
Almonds, with shell Yield 3271.77 Fc 3632.95 Fc 3654.72 Fc 6252.2 Fc 8030.3 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 20674 21292 21414 21576 21388
Apples Production Quantity 258382 249143 277301 286493 300482
Apples Yield 124979 Fc 117012 Fc 129495 Fc 132783 Fc 140491 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 600 566 566 550 550
Apricots Production Quantity 4900 4707 4761 4585 4539
Apricots Yield 81666.7 Fc 83162.5 Fc 84116.6 Fc 83363.6 Fc 82527.3 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 11000 F 8829 Im 8838 Im 8721 Im 8754 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 15000 F 10632 Im 11548 Im 10393 Im 11604 Im
Avocados Yield 13636.4 Fc 12042.1 Fc 13066.3 Fc 11917.2 Fc 13255.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 1300 F 963 Im 964 Im 951 Im 955 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 32000 F 28930 Im 31423 Im 28280 Im 31575 Im
Bananas Yield 246154 Fc 300415 Fc 325965 Fc 297371 Fc 330628 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 44200 34330 15891 11497 11197
Barley Production Quantity 105600 20447 26240 13022 20014
Barley Seed 4500 F 5500 F 5500 F 2500 F 2000 F
Barley Yield 23891.4 Fc 5956.02 Fc 16512.5 Fc 11326.4 Fc 17874.4 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 7900 8437 10363 10636 10839
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4200 3024 4627 4943 5650
Beans, dry Seed 189.6 Fc 324 F 231.29 Fc 277.51 Fc 283.78 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 5316.46 Fc 3584.21 Fc 4464.92 Fc 4647.42 Fc 5212.66 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1115 Im 1172 Im 1200 F 1188 1304
Beans, green Production Quantity 16000 F 13553 Im 15000 F 14241 15591
Beans, green Yield 143498 Fc 115640 Fc 125000 Fc 119874 Fc 119563 Fc
Berries Nes Production Quantity 98 Im 92 Im 100 Im 90 Im 101 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 200 F 92 Im 100 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 27998 Im 36521 Im 32512 Im 31456 Im 29532 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 17500 F 16500 F 20728 Im 17610 Im 16342 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 1350 Fc 1350 Fc 1350 Fc 1350 Fc 1350 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 6250.45 Fc 4517.95 Fc 6375.49 Fc 5598.3 Fc 5533.66 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 8500 F 9764 Im 10000 F 10178 10061
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 145000 F 180704 Im 200000 F 211890 209086
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 170588 Fc 185072 Fc 200000 Fc 208184 Fc 207818 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 10000 F 4415 Im 4427 Im 4469 Im 4424 Im
Carobs Production Quantity 22000 F 13902 Im 16119 Im 13764 Im 17164 Im
Carobs Yield 22000 Fc 31488.1 Fc 36410.7 Fc 30798.8 Fc 38797.5 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 5000 F 5648 Im 5785 Im 5139 Im 5019 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 160000 F 170692 Im 188919 Im 140664 Im 137121 Im
Carrots and turnips Yield 320000 Fc 302217 Fc 326567 Fc 273719 Fc 273204 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 2000 F 2259 Im 2314 Im 2056 Im 2008 Im
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 38000 F 39829 Im 44082 Im 32822 Im 31995 Im
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 190000 Fc 176313 Fc 190501 Fc 159640 Fc 159338 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 373764 A 389454 A 462756 A 450970 A 515102 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1118080 A 749103 A 1313330 A 1136460 A 1448140 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 33000 A 48000 A 55000 A 61500 A 57000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 29914.1 Fc 19234.7 Fc 28380.5 Fc 25200.3 Fc 28113.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 373764 A 389454 A 462756 A 450970 A 515102 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1167100 A 789561 A 1363030 A 1185680 A 1496720 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 33000 A 48000 A 55000 A 61500 A 57000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 31225.6 Fc 20273.5 Fc 29454.6 Fc 26291.7 Fc 29056.8 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 6350 6277 6237 5960 5875
Cherries Production Quantity 15561 15612 16149 14135 19990
Cherries Yield 24505.5 Fc 24871.8 Fc 25892.3 Fc 23716.4 Fc 34025.5 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 30265 30276 30227 29885 29522
Chestnuts Production Quantity 30900 22327 31051 33267 31385
Chestnuts Yield 10209.8 Fc 7374.49 Fc 10272.6 Fc 11131.7 Fc 10631 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1268 1364 2575 2632 1914
Chick peas Production Quantity 714 537 1445 1098 1093
Chick peas Seed 85 Fc 63.4 Fc 68.2 Fc 128.75 Fc 131.6 Fc
Chick peas Yield 5630.91 Fc 3936.95 Fc 5611.65 Fc 4171.73 Fc 5710.55 Fc
Chicory roots Production Quantity 2550 F 2040 Im 2353 Im 2003 Im 2500 F
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 225 Im 235 Im 238 Im 237 Im 236 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1200 F 1362 Im 1507 Im 1122 Im 1094 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 53333.3 Fc 57957.4 Fc 63319.3 Fc 47341.8 Fc 46355.9 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 150 F 102 Im 111 Im 100 F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 25347 A 27264 A 27456 A 27836 A 27630 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 306888 A 290369 A 330134 A 352931 A 347290 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 121075 Fc 106503 Fc 120241 Fc 126789 Fc 125693 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 243664 A 244789 A 249723 A 250994 A 259193 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 770300 A 586512 A 920889 A 888292 A 937781 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 17500 A 24500 A 26500 A 22500 A 23000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 31613.2 Fc 23959.9 Fc 36876.4 Fc 35391 Fc 36180.8 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 375 Im 358 Im 352 Im 335 Im 332 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 8000 F 7816 Im 8651 Im 6441 Im 6279 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 213333 Fc 218324 Fc 245767 Fc 192269 Fc 189127 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 283 Im 298 Im 307 Im 313 Im 298 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 6000 F 6145 Im 6801 Im 5064 Im 4936 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 212014 Fc 206208 Fc 221531 Fc 161789 Fc 165638 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Figs Area Harvested 86500 F 86000 F 69629 Im 68710 Im 68970 Im
Figs Production Quantity 16000 F 12889 Im 14000 F 14160 15052
Figs Yield 1849.71 Fc 1498.72 Fc 2010.66 Fc 2060.84 Fc 2182.4 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 412051 A 405370 A 389305 A 384267 A 385661 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1977630 A 1842070 A 2007610 A 1803180 A 2014990 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 47994.7 Fc 45441.7 Fc 51568.9 Fc 46925.1 Fc 52247.7 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1394 Im 1406 Im 1407 Im 1388 Im 1393 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 5711 Im 5368 Im 5831 Im 5248 Im 5859 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 40968.4 Fc 38179.2 Fc 41442.8 Fc 37809.8 Fc 42060.3 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 212 Im 235 Im 269 Im 267 Im 282 Im
Garlic Production Quantity 1500 F 1564 Im 1731 Im 1289 Im 1257 Im
Garlic Yield 70754.7 Fc 66553.2 Fc 64349.4 Fc 48277.2 Fc 44574.5 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 205 Im 200 300 300 300
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 2000 F 1850 F 7763 P 2639 Im 2947 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 97561 Fc 92500 Fc 258767 Fc 87966.7 Fc 98233.3 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 222621 222529 222507 218294 219839
Grapes Production Quantity 1030860 990922 1023340 890238 1038590
Grapes Yield 46305.6 Fc 44530 Fc 45991.4 Fc 40781.6 Fc 47243.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 7 Im 10 F 10 F 9 Im 10 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 13 Im 14 Im 21 Im 17 Im 20 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 18571.4 Fc 14000 Fc 21000 Fc 18888.9 Fc 20000 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 527 585 626 627 627
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 440 382 502 596 619
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 8349.15 Fc 6529.91 Fc 8019.17 Fc 9505.58 Fc 9872.41 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Yield
Hempseed Area Harvested
Hempseed Production Quantity
Hempseed Seed 77 B 98 B 104 B 198 B 229 B
Hempseed Yield
Hops Area Harvested 40 F 31 Im 32 Im 35 Im 40 Im
Hops Production Quantity 120 F 75 Im 73 Im 56 Im 73 Im
Hops Yield 30000 Fc 24193.5 Fc 22812.5 Fc 16000 Fc 18250 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 1300 1112 1061 1014 1003
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 12000 11293 10886 10549 11163
Kiwi fruit Yield 92307.7 Fc 101556 Fc 102601 Fc 104034 Fc 111296 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 3157 Im 2859 Im 2877 Im 2705 Im 2926 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 32000 F 37914 Im 41962 Im 31244 Im 30457 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 101362 Fc 132613 Fc 145853 Fc 115505 Fc 104091 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1023 1023 1020 1044 1009
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 11300 11852 12327 13474 11182
Lemons and limes Yield 110459 Fc 115855 Fc 120853 Fc 129061 Fc 110823 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 5252 Im 5522 Im 5656 Im 5025 Im 4908 Im
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 100000 F 108106 Im 119650 Im 89088 Im 86844 Im
Lettuce and chicory Yield 190404 Fc 195773 Fc 211545 Fc 177290 Fc 176944 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested
Linseed Production Quantity
Linseed Seed
Linseed Yield
Lupins Area Harvested 8 Im 10 Im 9 Im 8 Im 10 Im
Lupins Production Quantity 3 Im 2 Im 6 Im 4 Im 5 Im
Lupins Seed 0.6 Fc 0.32 Fc 0.4 Fc 0.36 Fc 0.32 Fc
Lupins Yield 3750 Fc 2000 Fc 6666.67 Fc 5000 Fc 5000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 102800 110192 137487 141609 140308
Maize Production Quantity 513700 513118 789409 798021 796601
Maize Seed 4000 F 4000 5000 5000 5000
Maize Yield 49970.8 Fc 46565.8 Fc 57417 Fc 56353.8 Fc 56775.2 Fc
Millet Area Harvested
Millet Production Quantity
Millet Seed
Millet Yield
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 1289 Im 1423 Im 1575 Im 1173 Im 1143 Im
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 2500 F 3300 F 18116 Im 18000 F 8400 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2500 F 3000 F 21000 F 15000 F 7000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 10000 Fc 9090.91 Fc 11592 Fc 8333.33 Fc 8333.33 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 53700 53700 55801 54101 57127
Oats Production Quantity 87100 25200 61317 39019 61467
Oats Seed 2500 F 5000 5000 5000 6000
Oats Yield 16219.7 Fc 4692.74 Fc 10988.5 Fc 7212.25 Fc 10759.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 7807 A 7079 A 28377 A 36637 A 37593 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 15000.5 A 12897.8 A 24451.8 A 22873.5 A 21942.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 238.05 A 110.7 A 114.6 A 363.7 A 524.85 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 19214.2 Fc 18219.8 Fc 8616.76 Fc 6243.28 Fc 5836.97 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 387228 A 383603 A 402851 A 410791 A 396861 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 90367.2 A 53482.1 A 83330.9 A 68323.6 A 67473 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 182.48 A 64.52 A 65.96 A 252.52 A 382.96 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2333.69 Fc 1394.21 Fc 2068.53 Fc 1663.22 Fc 1700.17 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 21781 Im 19609 Im 29838 Im 24000 F 20000 F
Olives Area Harvested 379421 376524 374474 374154 359268
Olives Production Quantity 373400 211873 312124 244238 240000 F
Olives Yield 9841.31 Fc 5627.08 Fc 8335 Fc 6527.74 Fc 6680.25 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 164 Im 171 Im 173 Im 179 Im 181 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 3200 F 3761 Im 4163 Im 3100 Im 3022 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 195122 Fc 219942 Fc 240636 Fc 173184 Fc 166961 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 5730 Im 6025 Im 6171 Im 5482 Im 5354 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 104203 Im 115000 F 138541 Im 103154 Im 100556 Im
Onions, dry Yield 181855 Fc 190871 Fc 224503 Fc 188169 Fc 187815 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 19900 21489 21562 21775 21650
Oranges Production Quantity 234500 218799 250316 276917 277295
Oranges Yield 117839 Fc 101819 Fc 116091 Fc 127172 Fc 128081 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3294 Im 3309 Im 3149 Im 3210 Im 3135 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 22000 F 26875 Im 29745 Im 22147 Im 21589 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 66788.1 Fc 81217.9 Fc 94458.6 Fc 68993.8 Fc 68864.4 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 5925 6262 6342 6485 6697
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 50075 52041 52041 56927 60104
Peaches and nectarines Yield 84514.8 Fc 83106 Fc 82057.7 Fc 87782.6 Fc 89747.6 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 12871 12997 13002 12906 12773
Pears Production Quantity 174941 130390 187567 89664 125294
Pears Yield 135919 Fc 100323 Fc 144260 Fc 69474.7 Fc 98092.9 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 1194 Im 1255 Im 1285 Im 1142 Im 1115 Im
Peas, green Production Quantity 7217 Im 7965 Im 8816 Im 6564 Im 6399 Im
Peas, green Yield 60443.9 Fc 63466.1 Fc 68607 Fc 57478.1 Fc 57390.1 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 200 F 138 Im 139 Im 141 Im 142 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 2500 F 1830 Im 1988 Im 1789 Im 1998 Im
Pineapples Yield 125000 Fc 132609 Fc 143022 Fc 126879 Fc 140704 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1969 1949 1953 1946 2037
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 19711 16392 16406 16781 16445
Plums and sloes Yield 100107 Fc 84104.7 Fc 84004.1 Fc 86233.3 Fc 80731.5 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 41386 41786 47906 48127 52600
Potatoes Production Quantity 611200 576304 769767 735828 781287
Potatoes Seed 65000 F 65000 F 65000 F 69000 F 69000
Potatoes Yield 147683 Fc 137918 Fc 160683 Fc 152893 Fc 148534 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity F
Pulses, nes Seed F
Pulses, nes Yield
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 37174 A 46332 A 45459 A 44732 A 42295 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 22417 A 20063 A 26806 A 23655 A 23090 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1625.2 A 1737.72 A 1649.89 A 1756.62 A 1765.7 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 6030.29 Fc 4330.27 Fc 5896.74 Fc 5288.16 Fc 5459.27 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 625 Im 620 Im 610 Im 606 Im 605 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 10695 Im 11803 Im 13063 Im 9726 Im 9481 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 171120 Fc 190371 Fc 214148 Fc 160495 Fc 156711 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 300 300 300 300 200
Quinces Production Quantity 2500 2300 2300 2100 2100
Quinces Yield 83333.3 Fc 76666.7 Fc 76666.7 Fc 70000 Fc 105000 Fc
Raspberries Production Quantity 500 F 73 Im 79 Im 71 Im 79 Im
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 25400 21938 25587 25659 25216
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 147200 121495 149255 147802 145905
Rice, paddy Seed 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F 4000 F 4000 F
Rice, paddy Yield 57952.8 Fc 55381.1 Fc 58332.4 Fc 57602.4 Fc 57862.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 44736 A 43003 A 49303 A 49532 A 54131 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 638700 A 586865 A 783874 A 749313 A 795605 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 65052.9 A 65022.1 A 65027.2 A 69026.4 A 69028.6 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 142771 Fc 136471 Fc 158991 Fc 151279 Fc 146978 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 23500 26079 28618 30348 33503
Rye Production Quantity 23800 19495 27264 26955 34296
Rye Seed 3000 F 3000 4000 4000 4000
Rye Yield 10127.7 Fc 7475.36 Fc 9526.87 Fc 8881.97 Fc 10236.7 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested
Safflower seed Production Quantity
Safflower seed Seed
Safflower seed Yield
Sour cherries Area Harvested 450 F 367 Im 357 Im 350 Im 351 Im
Sour cherries Production Quantity 650 F 463 Im 503 Im 453 Im 506 Im
Sour cherries Yield 14444.4 Fc 12615.8 Fc 14089.6 Fc 12942.9 Fc 14416 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity F F
Spinach Area Harvested 1055 Im 1083 Im 1004 Im 998 Im 988 Im
Spinach Production Quantity 15000 F 15635 Im 17305 Im 12885 Im 12560 Im
Spinach Yield 142180 Fc 144368 Fc 172361 Fc 129108 Fc 127126 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 1650 F 1352 Im 1353 Im 1335 Im 1340 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 4500 F 2585 Im 2808 Im 2527 Im 2821 Im
Stone fruit, nes Yield 27272.7 Fc 19119.8 Fc 20753.9 Fc 18928.8 Fc 21052.2 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1600 F 1352 Im 1353 Im 1335 Im 1340 Im
Strawberries Production Quantity 2650 F 2045 Im 2221 Im 1999 Im 2232 Im
Strawberries Yield 16562.5 Fc 15125.7 Fc 16415.4 Fc 14973.8 Fc 16656.7 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 4275 8623 8358 7493 9040
Sugar beet Production Quantity 320039 604879 626562 484149 643858
Sugar beet Yield 748629 Fc 701472 Fc 749655 Fc 646135 Fc 712232 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 60 F 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 5000 F 4000 F 4000 F 4000 F 4000 F
Sugar cane Yield 833333 Fc 800000 Fc 800000 Fc 800000 Fc 800000 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 7800 7069 28367 36628 37583
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 4100 2398 13917 18015 21139
Sunflower seed Seed 400 F 100 F 100 F 500 F 800 F
Sunflower seed Yield 5256.41 Fc 3392.28 Fc 4906.05 Fc 4918.37 Fc 5624.62 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 3200 F 1153 Im 1322 Im 1328 Im 1451 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 25000 F 9573 Im 12787 Im 12223 Im 12978 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 78125 Fc 83026.9 Fc 96724.7 Fc 92040.7 Fc 89441.8 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 4219 4552 4574 4717 4671
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 58938 57766 59617 59801 55866
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 139697 Fc 126902 Fc 130339 Fc 126778 Fc 119602 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 40 F 36 36 36 35
Tea Production Quantity 115 F 112 125 116 105 F
Tea Yield 28750 Fc 31111.1 Fc 34722.2 Fc 32222.2 Fc 30000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 791 1618 1788 1966 1902
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2298 4749 5357 5735 5603
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 29051.8 Fc 29351 Fc 29960.8 Fc 29170.9 Fc 29458.5 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 13014 13684 14015 12451 11898
Tomatoes Production Quantity 983191 1085070 1200930 894181 867416
Tomatoes Yield 755487 Fc 792948 Fc 856889 Fc 718160 Fc 729044 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74392 A 75377 A 90302 A 89724 A 80077 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 50640 A 43699 A 71071 A 77237 A 74453 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 6807.18 Fc 5797.39 Fc 7870.37 Fc 8608.29 Fc 9297.68 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 19464 20488 11926 13439 17058
Triticale Production Quantity 40100 8252 16659 11275 25403
Triticale Seed 3500 F 7000 F 7000 F 6000 F 6000 F
Triticale Yield 20602.1 Fc 4027.72 Fc 13968.6 Fc 8389.76 Fc 14892.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 32000 F 41891 Im 41214 Im 46332 Im 45798 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 600000 F 711887 Im 787903 Im 586652 Im 571875 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 187500 Fc 169938 Fc 191174 Fc 126619 Fc 124869 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 83512 A 96713 A 96953 A 98185 A 96799 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2257000 A 2549830 A 2833360 A 2175690 A 2120890 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 270260 Fc 263649 Fc 292240 Fc 221591 Fc 219102 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 83512 A 96713 A 96953 A 98185 A 96799 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2257000 A 2549830 A 2833360 A 2175690 A 2120890 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 270260 Fc 263649 Fc 292240 Fc 221591 Fc 219102 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3200 3167 3155 3099 3111
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4400 4167 4565 4545 4599
Walnuts, with shell Yield 13750 Fc 13157.6 Fc 14469.1 Fc 14666 Fc 14783 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 317 Im 325 Im 334 Im 342 Im 351 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 2500 F 2723 Im 3014 Im 2244 Im 2187 Im
Watermelons Yield 78864.4 Fc 83784.6 Fc 90239.5 Fc 65614 Fc 62307.7 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 104700 122727 187446 174317 230693
Wheat Production Quantity 249600 81554 292884 149581 413038
Wheat Seed 12000 F 20000 F 25000 F 35000 F 30000 F
Wheat Yield 23839.5 Fc 6645.16 Fc 15625 Fc 8580.98 Fc 17904.2 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 150 F 64 Im 75 Im 77 Im 80 Im
Yams Production Quantity 2500 F 988 Im 1320 Im 1262 Im 1340 Im
Yams Seed 52.92 Fc 22.1 Fc 27.2 Fc 26.4 Fc 28.62 Fc
Yams Yield 166667 Fc 154375 Fc 176000 Fc 163896 Fc 167500 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 3636 Fm 3677 Fm 3729.8 W 3754.5 Fm 3651 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 466 I 421 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 201 I 151.4 W 209.1 W 229.7 W
Arable land Area 1094 Fm 1139 I 1192.8 W 1174 I 1096 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1804 Fm 1847 Fm 1901.8 W 1950 Fm 1870 W
Country area Area 9209 Fm 9209 Fm 9209 Q 9209 Q 9209 Q
Fallow land Area 306 I 324 I 341.5 W 325 I 325 W
Forest area Area 3459.8 Fm 3456 Q 3452.2 Fm 3448.4 Fm 3444.6 Fm
Inland water Area 62 Fm 62 Fm 62 Fm 62 Fm 62 Fm
Land area Area 9147 Fm 9147 Fm 9147 Fm 9147 Fm 9147 Fm
Other land Area 2051.2 Fm 2014 Fm 1965 Fm 1944.1 Fm 2051.4 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area
Permanent crops Area 710 I 708 I 709 I 776 I 774 I
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1832 Fm 1830 Fm 1828 W 1804.5 Fm 1781 W
Temporary crops Area 819.6 W
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 31.7 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 540 Fm 540 Fm 541 W 565 Fm 588 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 3764 Fm 3821 Fm 3817 Q 3811 Q 3847 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 110.4 W 75.1 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 101.1 Fm 90.8 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 454 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 214.2 W 211.5 W 165.9 W
Arable land Area 1258 I 1278 I 1537 I 1532 I 1611 I
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 2032 Fm 2052 Fm 2310 Fm 2304 Fm 2379 Fm
Country area Area 9209 Q 9209 Q 9212 Q 9212 Q 9212 Q
Fallow land Area 373 I 374 W 528 Q 528 Q 539 Q
Forest area Area 3440.8 Fm 3437 Q 3433.6 Fm 3430.2 Fm 3426.8 Fm
Inland water Area 62 Fm 62 Fm 62 Fm 62 Fm 62 Fm
Land area Area 9147 Fm 9147 Fm 9150 Q 9150 Q 9150 Q
Other land Area 1942.2 Fm 1889 Fm 1899.4 Fm 1908.8 Fm 1876.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 515 W
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 1254 Fm
Permanent crops Area 774 I 774 I 773 Q 772 Q 768 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1732 I 1769 W 1507 Q 1507 Q 1468 Q
Temporary crops Area 888 W
Temporary meadows and pastures Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 602 Fm 617 W 645 Fm 675 I 705 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files