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Datasheet

Portugal

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Portugal
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 920,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Lisbon
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 10,608,335
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$18,950
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$201,074,393,088
  • GDP: US$222,758,125,568
  • Agriculture, value added: US$5,076,508,160
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)EradicatedBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Sousa et al., 2010
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresentParente et al., 1994
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentBradbury, 1986
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Balestra et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Balestra et al., 2011b
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentCruz et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentSilva AADa, 1946
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedBernardo & Ilheu, 1997
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; Petri, 1917
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedYesIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; Gomes & Amaro, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedLogrieco et al., 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Restricted distributionMansilla et al., 1999a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentEsteves, 1984
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier & Kirk, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedNeves et al., 1986; Caetano, 1980; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentOliveira, 1944; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeUK CAB International, 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeGonçalves, 1936; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentNative
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentGonzalez Fragoso, 1918
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadSantiago, 1955; Santiago, 1961; Santiago & Luna Pais, 1966
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadGarner et al., 2005
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedHove & Weerdenburg, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentGomez-Bustillo, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedYesIlharco, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedFERA, 2010; Murilhas, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentMagalhaes, 1980; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001; NHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusLocalisedIntroducedYesO'Riordan & Ramsay, 1999; Barnes & Barnes, 1965a; Barnes & Barnes, 1966; Fischer-Piette & Forest, 1961; Fischer-Piette & Prenant, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)WidespreadFuentes Garcia, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeRoman & Palumbi, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)WidespreadIntroducedYesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeMarques et al., 1999; CIE, 1977; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)Restricted distributionCIE, 1969; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesIlharco, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentGonçalves et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Bella, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedNunes et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesAzevedo & Figo, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataWidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO, 2014; De-Gouveia, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO, 2013b; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNativeKarsholt & Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentIntroducedIlharco, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedCigoña & Ferreira, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativePavón-Gozalo et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014; Bella, 2013; Dhahri et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedBrown et al., 2008a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; Anon., 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentNativeBorges et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Silva Dias, 1955
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentTormos & Garrido, 1991; Martinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Restricted distributionBalachowsky, 1963; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)WidespreadTavares et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesGrijpma , 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale)WidespreadBurban et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; de la Fuente, 1927; NHM, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedBatista et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)PresentNativeCardoso Cabral & Morais Figo, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, few occurrencesBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesDavis & Pena, 1990; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeYesWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)WidespreadMutuura & Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedChícharo et al., 2009; Cuesta et al., 2004; González-Ortegón et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentIntroducedMorgun & Wiemers, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentNogueira & Ferreira, 1968; Lastuvka & Lastuvka, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979; Neves, 1936; Carvalho et al., 1996; Seabra, 1941
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedPerez Moreno, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)WidespreadIntroducedWay et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; Figueiredo & Ara·jo, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, few occurrencesNativeCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedOliveira, 1887; Escalera, 1919; Baeta Neves, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentFernandes, 1990; Pedroso et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)WidespreadCarmona & Dias, 1966; Carvalho & Aguiar, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHoldich & et al. , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedKozar & Franco, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)LocalisedNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedIntroducedGonçalves et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973; De Lotto, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentZuzarte, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentEvaristo, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeSmith, 1978; EPPO, 2014; Neves et al., 1960
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedYesGarcia et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadFerreira & Ferreira, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)LocalisedIntroducedYesRome et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeDiniz, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataWidespreadIntroducedYesMarchini et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentIntroducedKottelat & Freyhof, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedConvention on the Conservation of European Wildlif, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedIntroducedeBird, 2015; Catálogo Español Especies Exóticas Invasoras, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedYesClavero & García-Berthou, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedTuron et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedYesFAO (Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela putorius furo (ferret)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesBonesi & Palazon, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVingada et al., 2010; Weller, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeCollares-Pereira et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)WidespreadIntroducedGonzalez et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedAzevedo et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedAlmaça, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedAzevedo et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedFujisaki et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedClergeau & Yésou, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeMatos & Corte-Real, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, invalid recordNagel, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesMouthon, 1981; Nagel, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadNativeAlbuquerque de Matos, 1979; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedAlmeida et al., 1999; Bernardino, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)WidespreadCastillejo, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentStrayer, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeBank, 2011c; Morelet, 1845; Rodriquez & Hermida, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeBarroso et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentDe & Oliveira Altonaga, 2010; Cunha et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)LocalisedIntroducedSousa et al., 2005; Simoes, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedGoulletquer, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)WidespreadTaylor 1906-1914; Cowie, 1990; Bank, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesMaíllo et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedMota et al., 1999; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Inácio et al., 2015; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionPereira & Santos, 1974; Carmo et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSantos et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSantos et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentMacara, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentSantos et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Restricted distributionSantos et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadMacara, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)WidespreadBrown & Taylor, 1987; Bravo & Lemos, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentBravo, 1983; Bravo & Lemos, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesGuiry & Guiry, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesEngelen & Santos, 2009; Monteiro et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesReed, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedBonafede et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesGarcia, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesAraújo et al., 2009; Bárbara & Cremades, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeAraújo et al., 2003; Ardré, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeArdré, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015; Domingues & Freitas, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedYesMarchante & Marchante , 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)WidespreadIntroducedYesEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedYesFloc'h E le, 1991; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedFloc'h E le, 1991; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007; Marchante & Marchante, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Clarke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993; Carretero, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentQueiros, 1989; Aellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; Love, 1976; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentHand, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson & Smythies, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)WidespreadNativeYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Restricted distributionCosta, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)WidespreadNativeCosta, 1988; Caiado et al., 1992; Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedYesBiorede, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)WidespreadNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeAcedo & Llamas, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Franco & Do Amara , 1971; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; Castroviejo, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Lozano & Rivas Ponse , 1993; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeQueiros, 1986; HYPPA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)Present only in captivity/cultivationGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentNativeDostal, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)WidespreadStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2009; Marchante & Marchante, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGL Rapson, Massey University, New Zealand, personal observation, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; OEPP/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeGamarra & Roché, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Restricted distributionNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCarvalho & Vasconcellos, 1958; Moore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeMonteiro & Rocha, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentVasconcelos, 1989; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadNativeGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984; Couthinho, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDandy, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentFontes et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Restricted distributionNativeTutin et al., 1964; Holm et al., 1979; Jalas & Suominen, 1979; Greuter et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesMarchante & Marchante, 2005; DAISIE, 2012; Meusel & Jäger, 1992; República Portuguesa, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas & Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentDAISIE, 2014; Tutin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, few occurrencesPignatti, 1982; Gibbs, 1968; Gibbs & Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentPopescu et al., 1983; Chirila & Pintilie, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentBall & Akeroyd, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Âlvarez, 1981; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedAlmeida & Freitas, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)Introduced, not establishedIntroducedDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedScher, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedGalán et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Rocha & Amero, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015; Nesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesDe Bacelar et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedCEH, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Restricted distributionPress & Short, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentFerreira & Moreira, 1999; Costa et al., 1999; Murphy et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; Teles & Pinto da Silva, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeCatarino et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Freitas et al., 2009; ISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle Ade, 1885
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank, 2013; Valentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentValentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentValentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeUTAD, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSims, 1818
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedValdes & Scholz, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeCosta, 1981; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Restricted distributionNativeSell & West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedGoodland & Healey, 1996; Ferreira et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Sousa, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med Plantbase, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Monteiro et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedVasconcelos, 1989; Walters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016; Polunin & Smythies, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Restricted distributionNativeCross, 1975; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentScott et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Restricted distributionNativeUSDA-ARS, 2002; Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeChater & Walters, 1976; Franco, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeChater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedAlmeida & Freitas, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeCoutinho, 1939; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk)Restricted distributionNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedBaraud & Branco, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentClapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)WidespreadIntroducedYesAguiar et al., 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentTutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeGreuter et al., 1984; Menezes & Silva, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeSequeira et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedAlmeida & Freitas, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallow-wort)Restricted distributionNativeTewksbury et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentLove, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedSérgio et al., 2003; Sérgio, 1997
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresentLópez-Sanmartín et al., 2015
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedFranco et al., 1995
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumWidespreadFranca & Almeida, 1989
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 1925OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusLast reported 1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana streak diseasePresent, see datasheet for details
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentHenriques, 1990
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; Louro et al., 2000
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; Adam et al., 1987; EPPO, 2014
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1984OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentPedroso et al., 1991; Mansinho et al., 1999
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 1984OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Louro et al., 1996
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Mellor & Boorman, 1995
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOffice International des Epizooties1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesMaíllo et al., 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Cavanagh et al., 1992b; Cavanagh et al., 1992a
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2005
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresentOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadGarner et al., 2005
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedOIE, 2009; Bernardo & Ilheu, 1997
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1984OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Marteilia refringensPresentLópez-Sanmartín et al., 2015; OIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentCosta et al., 2012
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisWidespreadBourdeau et al., 2014; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedBatista et al., 2009
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner, 1983
myxomatosisPresentOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2004b
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedFERA, 2010; OIE, 2009; Murilhas, 2005
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Taura syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentLeitao, 1943; OIE, 1998; Caeiro, 1999
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentAboim-Inglez & Orvalho, 1942
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediPresentOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Filipe & de, 1990
white spot diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested2687726800268392853530048
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity76807000914573679164
Almonds, with shellYield2857.46Fc2611.94Fc3407.35Fc2581.74Fc3049.79Fc
ApplesArea Harvested1253912450125651375714558
ApplesProduction Quantity247229212902263146237011245471
ApplesYield197168Fc171006Fc209428Fc172284Fc168616Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested390400387404420
ApricotsProduction Quantity32253227388731173274
ApricotsYield82692.3Fc80675Fc100439Fc77153.5Fc77952.4Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested10981Im11000F 11067Im11600F 11500F
AvocadosProduction Quantity16097Im16842Im16000P 16250F 16000F
AvocadosYield14659Fc15310.9Fc14457.4Fc14008.6Fc13913Fc
BananasArea Harvested1198Im1200F 1111Im1160Im1200F
BananasProduction Quantity30181Im31579Im30000F 30500F 30000F
BananasYield251928Fc263158Fc270027Fc262931Fc250000Fc
BarleyArea Harvested1820220224410004310039800
BarleyProduction Quantity2296530620727999980073900
BarleySeed5000F 5000F 5000F 5000F 5500F
BarleyYield12616.8Fc15140.4Fc17755.8Fc23155.5Fc18567.8Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested3365Im3500360063007600
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1899Im2000200032004000
Beans, drySeed157.2Fc157.2Fc157.2Fc157.2Fc157.2Fc
Beans, dryYield5643.39Fc5714.29Fc5555.56Fc5079.37Fc5263.16Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested1471Im1458Im1475Im1256Im1300F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity17126Im19336Im18519Im15781Im17000F
Beans, greenYield116424Fc132620Fc125553Fc125645Fc130769Fc
Berries NesProduction Quantity120Im126Im120F 110F 83Im
BlueberriesProduction Quantity251Im263Im250F 220F 200F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested20279Im24500Im25200F 25000F 24500F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity17193Im20914Im19000F 18500F 18000F
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed1350Fc1350Fc1350Fc1350Fc1350Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield8478.23Fc8536.33Fc7539.68Fc7400Fc7346.94Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested9275Im9195Im9300F 9200F 9000F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity150734Im170189Im163000F 161000F 150000F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield162516Fc185089Fc175269Fc175000Fc166667Fc
CarobsArea Harvested8274Im9033Im9700F 9500F 9000F
CarobsProduction Quantity31067Im22452Im21500F 21000F 20000F
CarobsYield37547.7Fc24855.5Fc22165Fc22105.3Fc22222.2Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested4638Im4598Im4650F 4600F 4500F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity144262Im162881Im156000F 154000F 150000F
Carrots and turnipsYield311044Fc354243Fc335484Fc334783Fc333333Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested2194Im2175Im2200F 2150F 2100F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity38839Im43852Im42000F 41000F 40000F
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield177024Fc201618Fc190909Fc190698Fc190476Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested258629A 304022A 340019A 365277A 318798A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity833865A 962543A 1064330A 1261320A 1040740A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed36500A 36500A 36500A 37500A 44000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield32241.8Fc31660.3Fc31302.2Fc34530.6Fc32645.9Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested258629A 304022A 340019A 365277A 318798A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity894621A 1019220A 1118210A 1311510A 1092760A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed36500A 36500A 36500A 37500A 44000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield34590.9Fc33524.6Fc32886.8Fc35904.4Fc34277.4Fc
CherriesArea Harvested56595653565555615539
CherriesProduction Quantity13444992612064108279613
CherriesYield23756.8Fc17558.8Fc21333.3Fc19469.5Fc17355.1Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested3464834600345913373233117
ChestnutsProduction Quantity1827122350243052391624251
ChestnutsYield5273.32Fc6459.54Fc7026.39Fc7090Fc7322.83Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested1180Im1187Im122111141700
Chick peasProduction Quantity586Im614Im644654996
Chick peasSeed59Fc59Fc59.35Fc61.05Fc55.7Fc
Chick peasYield4966.1Fc5172.7Fc5274.37Fc5870.74Fc5858.82Fc
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity3718Im2729Im2650F 2620F 2600F
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested239Im237Im240F 230F 220F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1295Im1462Im1400F 1300F 1250F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield54184.1Fc61687.8Fc58333.3Fc56521.7Fc56818.2Fc
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity131Im137Im130F 500F 100F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested19776A 19669A 19592A 22880A 23097A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity277878A 243518A 233494A 239973A 266206A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield140513Fc123808Fc119178Fc104883Fc115256Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested184522A 217195A 238527A 250677A 229598A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity653540A 766442A 832268A 957506A 800758A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed22000A 22000A 22000A 23000A 24500A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield35418Fc35288.2Fc34892Fc38196.8Fc34876.5Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested396Im393Im397Im338Im350F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity8563Im9668Im9260Im7891Im8500F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield216237Fc246005Fc233249Fc233462Fc242857Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested349Im346Im350F 320F 300F
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity6936Im7831Im7500F 7000F 6500F
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield198739Fc226329Fc214286Fc218750Fc216667Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
FigsArea Harvested86847Im87000F 82621Im86600F 86382Im
FigsProduction Quantity17812Im18637Im17705Im16600F 16500F
FigsYield2050.96Fc2142.18Fc2142.92Fc1916.86Fc1910.12Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested349500A 350845A 347967A 363854A 370291A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1711520A 1780720A 1691830A 1591460A 1651490A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield48970.4Fc50755.1Fc48620.3Fc43739.1Fc44599.9Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1797Im1800F 1670Im1750F 1392Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity5534Im5790Im5500F 5250F 4826Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield30795.8Fc32166.7Fc32934.1Fc30000Fc34669.5Fc
GarlicArea Harvested328Im325Im329Im280F 270F
GarlicProduction Quantity1757Im1984Im1900F 1860F 1800F
GarlicYield53567.1Fc61046.2Fc57750.8Fc66428.6Fc66666.7Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested236Im215Im220F 230F 203Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity2214Im2316Im2200F 2300F 2000F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield93813.6Fc107721Fc100000Fc100000Fc98522.2Fc
GrapesArea Harvested179472180079181199187801193988
GrapesProduction Quantity744823947298784668750924806486
GrapesYield41500.8Fc52604.6Fc43304.2Fc39985.1Fc41574Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested14Im15Im15F 15F 15F
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity31Im33Im31Im29Im30F
Groundnuts, with shellYield22142.9Fc22000Fc20666.7Fc19333.3Fc20000Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested378400378414435
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity343342338345362
Hazelnuts, with shellYield9074.07Fc8550Fc8941.8Fc8333.33Fc8321.84Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity
Hemp Tow WasteYield
HempseedArea Harvested
HempseedProduction Quantity
HempseedSeed117B 117B 114B 120B 163B
HempseedYield
HopsArea Harvested43Im45Im61Im60Im50F
HopsProduction Quantity127Im123Im145Im128Im122Im
HopsYield29534.9Fc27333.3Fc23770.5Fc21333.3Fc24400Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested15911589154314641411
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity2347323903269271550617521
Kiwi fruitYield147536Fc150428Fc174511Fc105915Fc124174Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested3338Im3309Im3347Im2850F 2800F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity30928Im34920Im33445Im28500F 28000F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield92654.3Fc105530Fc99925.3Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested866854848880881
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity1313212765129931121010927
Lemons and limesYield151640Fc149473Fc153219Fc127386Fc124030Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested4538Im4499Im4550F 4347Im4500F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity94602Im106812Im102300F 101250F 125737Im
Lettuce and chicoryYield208466Fc237413Fc224835Fc232919Fc279416Fc
LinseedArea Harvested
LinseedProduction Quantity
LinseedSeed
LinseedYield
LupinsArea HarvestedF F 15F
LupinsProduction QuantityF F 15F
LupinsSeed0.6Fc
LupinsYield10000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested76878Im9037194727110877105615
MaizeProduction Quantity549667Im626222634069701606616917
MaizeSeed3000F 3000F 3000F 4000F 4000F
MaizeYield71498.6Fc69294.6Fc66936.5Fc63277.9Fc58411.9Fc
MilletArea Harvested
MilletProduction Quantity
MilletSeedF F F F
MilletYield
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity1240Im1400F 1100F 1070F 1050F
Nuts, nesArea Harvested2965Im3053Im3045Im3000F 2562Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2501Im2824Im3214Im3000F 1953Im
Nuts, nesYield8435.08Fc9249.92Fc10555Fc10000Fc7622.95Fc
OatsArea Harvested5000061700584005520046064
OatsProduction Quantity4500066100707009240062039
OatsSeed5000F 5000F 5000F 5000F 5000F
OatsYield9000Fc10713.1Fc12106.2Fc16739.1Fc13468Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested22426A 14015A 21315A 24415A 17615A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity15087.4A 12130.3A 13324.2A 19656.2A 19842A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed311.05A 311.05A 309.1A 313A 340.95A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield6727.65Fc8655.26Fc6251.08Fc8050.88Fc11264.3Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested365626A 357234A 365514A 371554A 364984A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity107383A 105365A 101733A 88339.9A 59282.4A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed233.08A 233.08A 232.36A 233.8A 244.12A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2936.97Fc2949.47Fc2783.29Fc2377.58Fc1624.25Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity15278Im14243Im13179Im20052Im20126Im
OlivesArea Harvested343200343219344199347139347369
OlivesProduction Quantity443800445301422978343971211230
OlivesYield12931.2Fc12974.3Fc12288.8Fc9908.74Fc6080.85Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested190Im188Im190F 180F 175F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity3514Im3968Im3800F 3600F 3500F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield184947Fc211064Fc200000Fc200000Fc200000Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested5136Im5092Im5150F 5100F 4900F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity114207Im128947Im123500F 122500F 117000F
Onions, dryYield222366Fc253234Fc239806Fc240196Fc238776Fc
OrangesArea Harvested1637416300162241727017513
OrangesProduction Quantity228101193900183471159663194779
OrangesYield139307Fc118957Fc113086Fc92451.1Fc111220Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested3689Im3657Im3699Im3150F 3100F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity20714Im23388Im22400F 22350F 27662Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield56150.7Fc63954.1Fc60556.9Fc70952.4Fc89232.3Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested37113711365140074373
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity3452033000400403852843641
Peaches and nectarinesYield93020.8Fc88924.8Fc109669Fc96151.7Fc99796.5Fc
PearsArea Harvested1097110954110151120011403
PearsProduction Quantity230447176764200040172199140441
PearsYield210051Fc161369Fc181607Fc153749Fc123161Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1347Im1335Im1350Im1150F 1100F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity7490Im8457Im8100F 8050F 7700F
Peas, greenYield55605.1Fc63348.3Fc60000Fc70000Fc70000Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested258Im265F 248Im260F 250F
PineapplesProduction Quantity3169Im3316Im3150F 3120F 3000F
PineapplesYield122829Fc125132Fc127016Fc120000Fc120000Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested15601565156315921638
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1739015819183821781716175
Plums and sloesYield111474Fc101080Fc117607Fc111916Fc98748.5Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested2650025800286003890041400
PotatoesProduction Quantity389800384000435200566600638900
PotatoesSeed57000F 57000F 57000F 62000F 65000F
PotatoesYield147094Fc148837Fc152168Fc145656Fc154324Fc
Pulses, nesArea HarvestedF F F F F
Pulses, nesProduction QuantityF F F F F
Pulses, nesSeedF F F F F
Pulses, nesYield
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested24824A 29187A 30021A 32414A 33815A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity19678A 23528A 21644A 22354A 23011A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1566.2A 1566.2A 1566.55A 1568.25A 1563.5A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield7927.01Fc8061.12Fc7209.62Fc6896.4Fc6804.97Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested728Im722Im730F 710F 700F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity13039Im14722Im14100F 13700F 13500F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield179107Fc203906Fc193151Fc192958Fc192857Fc
QuincesArea Harvested600594595549420
QuincesProduction Quantity51005147525735553357
QuincesYield85000Fc86649.8Fc88352.9Fc64754.1Fc79928.6Fc
RaspberriesProduction Quantity1509Im1579Im1500F 900F 700F
Rice, paddyArea Harvested3121329100285002630026900
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity182450170200161800150700156200
Rice, paddySeed3500F 3500F 3500F 3500F 3500F
Rice, paddyYield58453.2Fc58488Fc56771.9Fc57300.4Fc58066.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested28928A 28164A 31221A 42465A 44860A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity410232A 404128A 458012A 596300A 667550A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed57041.2A 57040.6A 57046.2A 62059.5A 65058A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield141811Fc143491Fc146700Fc140422Fc148807Fc
RyeArea Harvested17354Im20400206002130022219
RyeProduction Quantity15448Im17600194002220022702
RyeSeed3000F 3000F 3000F 3000F 3000F
RyeYield8901.69Fc8627.45Fc9417.48Fc10422.5Fc10217.4Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested
Safflower seedProduction Quantity
Safflower seedSeed
Safflower seedYield
Sour cherriesArea Harvested432Im433Im435Im479Im470F
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity721Im754Im716Im686Im700F
Sour cherriesYield16689.8Fc17413.4Fc16459.8Fc14321.5Fc14893.6Fc
Spices, nesProduction QuantityF F F F F
SpinachArea Harvested918Im910Im920F 869Im900F
SpinachProduction Quantity15259Im17228Im16500F 14853Im16000F
SpinachYield166220Fc189319Fc179348Fc170921Fc177778Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested1797Im1800F 1750F 1720F 1700F
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity4859Im5084Im4830F 4750F 4700F
Stone fruit, nesYield27039.5Fc28244.4Fc27600Fc27616.3Fc27647.1Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested1647Im1650F 1600F 1570F 1550F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity2667Im2790Im2650F 2620F 2600F
StrawberriesYield16193.1Fc16909.1Fc16562.5Fc16687.9Fc16774.2Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested32130513516003022
Sugar beetProduction Quantity795579556612137000254046
Sugar beetYield247819Fc260820Fc489778Fc856250Fc840655Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested60F 60F 60F 60F 60F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity5100F 5100F 5150F 5100F 5100F
Sugar caneYield850000Fc850000Fc858333Fc850000Fc850000Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested2241214000213002440017600
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity125727600115001620016500
Sunflower seedSeed500F 500F 500F 500F 500F
Sunflower seedYield5609.49Fc5428.57Fc5399.06Fc6639.34Fc9375Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested2316Im2255Im2500Im3400F 3300F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity18574Im18298Im20738Im27000F 26000F
Sweet potatoesYield80198.6Fc81144.1Fc82952Fc79411.8Fc78787.9Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested23002300230045004500
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity3430034400347006630058400
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield149130Fc149565Fc150870Fc147333Fc129778Fc
TeaArea Harvested40F 40F 40F 40F 40F
TeaProduction Quantity134Im142Im125F 125F 125F
TeaYield33500Fc35500Fc31250Fc31250Fc31250Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested310Im300600400443
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity922Im1000190014001311
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield29741.9Fc33333.3Fc31666.7Fc35000Fc29593.7Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1674416600167891429714800
TomatoesProduction Quantity12453601406100134670011476001236240
TomatoesYield743765Fc847048Fc802132Fc802686Fc835297Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested68032A 68041A 68012A 68839A 69362A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity31998A 36133A 41118A 38380A 39830A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield4703.37Fc5310.47Fc6045.7Fc5575.33Fc5742.34Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested2208824500238002020015900
TriticaleProduction Quantity2046025900353004150025200
TriticaleSeed6000F 6000F 6000F 6000F 7000F
TriticaleYield9262.95Fc10571.4Fc14831.9Fc20544.5Fc15849.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested33410Im33123Im33500F 33000F 32500F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity587216Im663007Im635000F 627000F 620000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield175761Fc200165Fc189552Fc190000Fc190769Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested89297A 88528A 89536A 84365A 83865A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2507010A 2830590A 2710770A 2484310A 2574940A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield280750Fc319739Fc302758Fc294471Fc307034Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested89297A 88528A 89536A 84365A 83865A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2507010A 2830590A 2710770A 2484310A 2574940A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield280750Fc319739Fc302758Fc294471Fc307034Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested3164Im3188Im315931583200
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity3203Im3617Im411637524100
Walnuts, with shellYield10123.3Fc11345.7Fc13029.4Fc11880.9Fc12812.5Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested369Im366Im370F 338Im350F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity3930Im4437Im4250F 4000F 3500F
WatermelonsYield106504Fc121230Fc114865Fc118343Fc100000Fc
WheatArea Harvested4289457727729928830062300
WheatProduction Quantity5863182578124145203300135800
WheatSeed11000F 11000F 11000F 11000F 16000F
WheatYield13668.8Fc14304.9Fc17008Fc23023.8Fc21797.8Fc
YamsArea Harvested112Im109Im121Im165F 160F
YamsProduction Quantity1858Im1830Im2074Im2700F 2650F
YamsSeed41.18Fc40.62Fc46.22Fc59.48Fc57.96Fc
YamsYield165893Fc167890Fc171405Fc163636Fc165625Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested3790038049381783811338417
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity1240013823139532382930850
Almonds, with shellYield3271.77Fc3632.95Fc3654.72Fc6252.2Fc8030.3Fc
ApplesArea Harvested2067421292214142157621388
ApplesProduction Quantity258382249143277301286493300482
ApplesYield124979Fc117012Fc129495Fc132783Fc140491Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested600566566550550
ApricotsProduction Quantity49004707476145854539
ApricotsYield81666.7Fc83162.5Fc84116.6Fc83363.6Fc82527.3Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested11000F 8829Im8838Im8721Im8754Im
AvocadosProduction Quantity15000F 10632Im11548Im10393Im11604Im
AvocadosYield13636.4Fc12042.1Fc13066.3Fc11917.2Fc13255.7Fc
BananasArea Harvested1300F 963Im964Im951Im955Im
BananasProduction Quantity32000F 28930Im31423Im28280Im31575Im
BananasYield246154Fc300415Fc325965Fc297371Fc330628Fc
BarleyArea Harvested4420034330158911149711197
BarleyProduction Quantity10560020447262401302220014
BarleySeed4500F 5500F 5500F 2500F 2000F
BarleyYield23891.4Fc5956.02Fc16512.5Fc11326.4Fc17874.4Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested79008437103631063610839
Beans, dryProduction Quantity42003024462749435650
Beans, drySeed189.6Fc324F 231.29Fc277.51Fc283.78Fc
Beans, dryYield5316.46Fc3584.21Fc4464.92Fc4647.42Fc5212.66Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested1115Im1172Im1200F 11881304
Beans, greenProduction Quantity16000F 13553Im15000F 1424115591
Beans, greenYield143498Fc115640Fc125000Fc119874Fc119563Fc
Berries NesProduction Quantity98Im92Im100Im90Im101Im
BlueberriesProduction Quantity200F 92Im100F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested27998Im36521Im32512Im31456Im29532Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity17500F 16500F 20728Im17610Im16342Im
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed1350Fc1350Fc1350Fc1350Fc1350Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield6250.45Fc4517.95Fc6375.49Fc5598.3Fc5533.66Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested8500F 9764Im10000F 1017810061
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity145000F 180704Im200000F 211890209086
Cabbages and other brassicasYield170588Fc185072Fc200000Fc208184Fc207818Fc
CarobsArea Harvested10000F 4415Im4427Im4469Im4424Im
CarobsProduction Quantity22000F 13902Im16119Im13764Im17164Im
CarobsYield22000Fc31488.1Fc36410.7Fc30798.8Fc38797.5Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested5000F 5648Im5785Im5139Im5019Im
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity160000F 170692Im188919Im140664Im137121Im
Carrots and turnipsYield320000Fc302217Fc326567Fc273719Fc273204Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested2000F 2259Im2314Im2056Im2008Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity38000F 39829Im44082Im32822Im31995Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield190000Fc176313Fc190501Fc159640Fc159338Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested373764A 389454A 462756A 450970A 515102A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity1118080A 749103A 1313330A 1136460A 1448140A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed33000A 48000A 55000A 61500A 57000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield29914.1Fc19234.7Fc28380.5Fc25200.3Fc28113.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested373764A 389454A 462756A 450970A 515102A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1167100A 789561A 1363030A 1185680A 1496720A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed33000A 48000A 55000A 61500A 57000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield31225.6Fc20273.5Fc29454.6Fc26291.7Fc29056.8Fc
CherriesArea Harvested63506277623759605875
CherriesProduction Quantity1556115612161491413519990
CherriesYield24505.5Fc24871.8Fc25892.3Fc23716.4Fc34025.5Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested3026530276302272988529522
ChestnutsProduction Quantity3090022327310513326731385
ChestnutsYield10209.8Fc7374.49Fc10272.6Fc11131.7Fc10631Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested12681364257526321914
Chick peasProduction Quantity714537144510981093
Chick peasSeed85Fc63.4Fc68.2Fc128.75Fc131.6Fc
Chick peasYield5630.91Fc3936.95Fc5611.65Fc4171.73Fc5710.55Fc
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity2550F 2040Im2353Im2003Im2500F
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested225Im235Im238Im237Im236Im
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1200F 1362Im1507Im1122Im1094Im
Chillies and peppers, greenYield53333.3Fc57957.4Fc63319.3Fc47341.8Fc46355.9Fc
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity150F 102Im111Im100F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested25347A 27264A 27456A 27836A 27630A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity306888A 290369A 330134A 352931A 347290A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield121075Fc106503Fc120241Fc126789Fc125693Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested243664A 244789A 249723A 250994A 259193A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity770300A 586512A 920889A 888292A 937781A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed17500A 24500A 26500A 22500A 23000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield31613.2Fc23959.9Fc36876.4Fc35391Fc36180.8Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested375Im358Im352Im335Im332Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity8000F 7816Im8651Im6441Im6279Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield213333Fc218324Fc245767Fc192269Fc189127Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested283Im298Im307Im313Im298Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity6000F 6145Im6801Im5064Im4936Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield212014Fc206208Fc221531Fc161789Fc165638Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
FigsArea Harvested86500F 86000F 69629Im68710Im68970Im
FigsProduction Quantity16000F 12889Im14000F 1416015052
FigsYield1849.71Fc1498.72Fc2010.66Fc2060.84Fc2182.4Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested412051A 405370A 389305A 384267A 385661A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1977630A 1842070A 2007610A 1803180A 2014990A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield47994.7Fc45441.7Fc51568.9Fc46925.1Fc52247.7Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1394Im1406Im1407Im1388Im1393Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity5711Im5368Im5831Im5248Im5859Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield40968.4Fc38179.2Fc41442.8Fc37809.8Fc42060.3Fc
GarlicArea Harvested212Im235Im269Im267Im282Im
GarlicProduction Quantity1500F 1564Im1731Im1289Im1257Im
GarlicYield70754.7Fc66553.2Fc64349.4Fc48277.2Fc44574.5Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested205Im200300300300
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity2000F 1850F 7763P 2639Im2947Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield97561Fc92500Fc258767Fc87966.7Fc98233.3Fc
GrapesArea Harvested222621222529222507218294219839
GrapesProduction Quantity103086099092210233408902381038590
GrapesYield46305.6Fc44530Fc45991.4Fc40781.6Fc47243.2Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested7Im10F 10F 9Im10Im
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity13Im14Im21Im17Im20Im
Groundnuts, with shellYield18571.4Fc14000Fc21000Fc18888.9Fc20000Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested527585626627627
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity440382502596619
Hazelnuts, with shellYield8349.15Fc6529.91Fc8019.17Fc9505.58Fc9872.41Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity
Hemp Tow WasteYield
HempseedArea Harvested
HempseedProduction Quantity
HempseedSeed77B 98B 104B 198B 229B
HempseedYield
HopsArea Harvested40F 31Im32Im35Im40Im
HopsProduction Quantity120F 75Im73Im56Im73Im
HopsYield30000Fc24193.5Fc22812.5Fc16000Fc18250Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested13001112106110141003
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity1200011293108861054911163
Kiwi fruitYield92307.7Fc101556Fc102601Fc104034Fc111296Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested3157Im2859Im2877Im2705Im2926Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity32000F 37914Im41962Im31244Im30457Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield101362Fc132613Fc145853Fc115505Fc104091Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested10231023102010441009
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity1130011852123271347411182
Lemons and limesYield110459Fc115855Fc120853Fc129061Fc110823Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested5252Im5522Im5656Im5025Im4908Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity100000F 108106Im119650Im89088Im86844Im
Lettuce and chicoryYield190404Fc195773Fc211545Fc177290Fc176944Fc
LinseedArea Harvested
LinseedProduction Quantity
LinseedSeed
LinseedYield
LupinsArea Harvested8Im10Im9Im8Im10Im
LupinsProduction Quantity3Im2Im6Im4Im5Im
LupinsSeed0.6Fc0.32Fc0.4Fc0.36Fc0.32Fc
LupinsYield3750Fc2000Fc6666.67Fc5000Fc5000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested102800110192137487141609140308
MaizeProduction Quantity513700513118789409798021796601
MaizeSeed4000F 4000500050005000
MaizeYield49970.8Fc46565.8Fc57417Fc56353.8Fc56775.2Fc
MilletArea Harvested
MilletProduction Quantity
MilletSeed
MilletYield
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity1289Im1423Im1575Im1173Im1143Im
Nuts, nesArea Harvested2500F 3300F 18116Im18000F 8400F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2500F 3000F 21000F 15000F 7000F
Nuts, nesYield10000Fc9090.91Fc11592Fc8333.33Fc8333.33Fc
OatsArea Harvested5370053700558015410157127
OatsProduction Quantity8710025200613173901961467
OatsSeed2500F 5000500050006000
OatsYield16219.7Fc4692.74Fc10988.5Fc7212.25Fc10759.7Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested7807A 7079A 28377A 36637A 37593A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity15000.5A 12897.8A 24451.8A 22873.5A 21942.9A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed238.05A 110.7A 114.6A 363.7A 524.85A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield19214.2Fc18219.8Fc8616.76Fc6243.28Fc5836.97Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested387228A 383603A 402851A 410791A 396861A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity90367.2A 53482.1A 83330.9A 68323.6A 67473A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed182.48A 64.52A 65.96A 252.52A 382.96A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2333.69Fc1394.21Fc2068.53Fc1663.22Fc1700.17Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity21781Im19609Im29838Im24000F 20000F
OlivesArea Harvested379421376524374474374154359268
OlivesProduction Quantity373400211873312124244238240000F
OlivesYield9841.31Fc5627.08Fc8335Fc6527.74Fc6680.25Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested164Im171Im173Im179Im181Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity3200F 3761Im4163Im3100Im3022Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield195122Fc219942Fc240636Fc173184Fc166961Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested5730Im6025Im6171Im5482Im5354Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity104203Im115000F 138541Im103154Im100556Im
Onions, dryYield181855Fc190871Fc224503Fc188169Fc187815Fc
OrangesArea Harvested1990021489215622177521650
OrangesProduction Quantity234500218799250316276917277295
OrangesYield117839Fc101819Fc116091Fc127172Fc128081Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested3294Im3309Im3149Im3210Im3135Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity22000F 26875Im29745Im22147Im21589Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield66788.1Fc81217.9Fc94458.6Fc68993.8Fc68864.4Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested59256262634264856697
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity5007552041520415692760104
Peaches and nectarinesYield84514.8Fc83106Fc82057.7Fc87782.6Fc89747.6Fc
PearsArea Harvested1287112997130021290612773
PearsProduction Quantity17494113039018756789664125294
PearsYield135919Fc100323Fc144260Fc69474.7Fc98092.9Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1194Im1255Im1285Im1142Im1115Im
Peas, greenProduction Quantity7217Im7965Im8816Im6564Im6399Im
Peas, greenYield60443.9Fc63466.1Fc68607Fc57478.1Fc57390.1Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested200F 138Im139Im141Im142Im
PineapplesProduction Quantity2500F 1830Im1988Im1789Im1998Im
PineapplesYield125000Fc132609Fc143022Fc126879Fc140704Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested19691949195319462037
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1971116392164061678116445
Plums and sloesYield100107Fc84104.7Fc84004.1Fc86233.3Fc80731.5Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested4138641786479064812752600
PotatoesProduction Quantity611200576304769767735828781287
PotatoesSeed65000F 65000F 65000F 69000F 69000
PotatoesYield147683Fc137918Fc160683Fc152893Fc148534Fc
Pulses, nesArea HarvestedF
Pulses, nesProduction QuantityF
Pulses, nesSeedF
Pulses, nesYield
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested37174A 46332A 45459A 44732A 42295A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity22417A 20063A 26806A 23655A 23090A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1625.2A 1737.72A 1649.89A 1756.62A 1765.7A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield6030.29Fc4330.27Fc5896.74Fc5288.16Fc5459.27Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested625Im620Im610Im606Im605Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity10695Im11803Im13063Im9726Im9481Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield171120Fc190371Fc214148Fc160495Fc156711Fc
QuincesArea Harvested300300300300200
QuincesProduction Quantity25002300230021002100
QuincesYield83333.3Fc76666.7Fc76666.7Fc70000Fc105000Fc
RaspberriesProduction Quantity500F 73Im79Im71Im79Im
Rice, paddyArea Harvested2540021938255872565925216
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity147200121495149255147802145905
Rice, paddySeed3500F 3500F 3500F 4000F 4000F
Rice, paddyYield57952.8Fc55381.1Fc58332.4Fc57602.4Fc57862.1Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested44736A 43003A 49303A 49532A 54131A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity638700A 586865A 783874A 749313A 795605A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed65052.9A 65022.1A 65027.2A 69026.4A 69028.6A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield142771Fc136471Fc158991Fc151279Fc146978Fc
RyeArea Harvested2350026079286183034833503
RyeProduction Quantity2380019495272642695534296
RyeSeed3000F 3000400040004000
RyeYield10127.7Fc7475.36Fc9526.87Fc8881.97Fc10236.7Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested
Safflower seedProduction Quantity
Safflower seedSeed
Safflower seedYield
Sour cherriesArea Harvested450F 367Im357Im350Im351Im
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity650F 463Im503Im453Im506Im
Sour cherriesYield14444.4Fc12615.8Fc14089.6Fc12942.9Fc14416Fc
Spices, nesProduction QuantityF F
SpinachArea Harvested1055Im1083Im1004Im998Im988Im
SpinachProduction Quantity15000F 15635Im17305Im12885Im12560Im
SpinachYield142180Fc144368Fc172361Fc129108Fc127126Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested1650F 1352Im1353Im1335Im1340Im
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity4500F 2585Im2808Im2527Im2821Im
Stone fruit, nesYield27272.7Fc19119.8Fc20753.9Fc18928.8Fc21052.2Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested1600F 1352Im1353Im1335Im1340Im
StrawberriesProduction Quantity2650F 2045Im2221Im1999Im2232Im
StrawberriesYield16562.5Fc15125.7Fc16415.4Fc14973.8Fc16656.7Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested42758623835874939040
Sugar beetProduction Quantity320039604879626562484149643858
Sugar beetYield748629Fc701472Fc749655Fc646135Fc712232Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested60F 50F 50F 50F 50F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity5000F 4000F 4000F 4000F 4000F
Sugar caneYield833333Fc800000Fc800000Fc800000Fc800000Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested78007069283673662837583
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity41002398139171801521139
Sunflower seedSeed400F 100F 100F 500F 800F
Sunflower seedYield5256.41Fc3392.28Fc4906.05Fc4918.37Fc5624.62Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested3200F 1153Im1322Im1328Im1451Im
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity25000F 9573Im12787Im12223Im12978Im
Sweet potatoesYield78125Fc83026.9Fc96724.7Fc92040.7Fc89441.8Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested42194552457447174671
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity5893857766596175980155866
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield139697Fc126902Fc130339Fc126778Fc119602Fc
TeaArea Harvested40F 36363635
TeaProduction Quantity115F 112125116105F
TeaYield28750Fc31111.1Fc34722.2Fc32222.2Fc30000Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested7911618178819661902
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity22984749535757355603
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield29051.8Fc29351Fc29960.8Fc29170.9Fc29458.5Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1301413684140151245111898
TomatoesProduction Quantity98319110850701200930894181867416
TomatoesYield755487Fc792948Fc856889Fc718160Fc729044Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested74392A 75377A 90302A 89724A 80077A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity50640A 43699A 71071A 77237A 74453A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield6807.18Fc5797.39Fc7870.37Fc8608.29Fc9297.68Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested1946420488119261343917058
TriticaleProduction Quantity401008252166591127525403
TriticaleSeed3500F 7000F 7000F 6000F 6000F
TriticaleYield20602.1Fc4027.72Fc13968.6Fc8389.76Fc14892.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested32000F 41891Im41214Im46332Im45798Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity600000F 711887Im787903Im586652Im571875Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield187500Fc169938Fc191174Fc126619Fc124869Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested83512A 96713A 96953A 98185A 96799A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2257000A 2549830A 2833360A 2175690A 2120890A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield270260Fc263649Fc292240Fc221591Fc219102Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested83512A 96713A 96953A 98185A 96799A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2257000A 2549830A 2833360A 2175690A 2120890A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield270260Fc263649Fc292240Fc221591Fc219102Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested32003167315530993111
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity44004167456545454599
Walnuts, with shellYield13750Fc13157.6Fc14469.1Fc14666Fc14783Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested317Im325Im334Im342Im351Im
WatermelonsProduction Quantity2500F 2723Im3014Im2244Im2187Im
WatermelonsYield78864.4Fc83784.6Fc90239.5Fc65614Fc62307.7Fc
WheatArea Harvested104700122727187446174317230693
WheatProduction Quantity24960081554292884149581413038
WheatSeed12000F 20000F 25000F 35000F 30000F
WheatYield23839.5Fc6645.16Fc15625Fc8580.98Fc17904.2Fc
YamsArea Harvested150F 64Im75Im77Im80Im
YamsProduction Quantity2500F 988Im1320Im1262Im1340Im
YamsSeed52.92Fc22.1Fc27.2Fc26.4Fc28.62Fc
YamsYield166667Fc154375Fc176000Fc163896Fc167500Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea3636Fm3677Fm3729.8W 3754.5Fm3651Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea466I 421W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea201I 151.4W 209.1W 229.7W
Arable landArea1094Fm1139I 1192.8W 1174I 1096W
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1804Fm1847Fm1901.8W 1950Fm1870W
Country areaArea9209Fm9209Fm9209Q 9209Q 9209Q
Fallow landArea306I 324I 341.5W 325I 325W
Forest areaArea3459.8Fm3456Q 3452.2Fm3448.4Fm3444.6Fm
Inland waterArea62Fm62Fm62Fm62Fm62Fm
Land areaArea9147Fm9147Fm9147Fm9147Fm9147Fm
Other landArea2051.2Fm2014Fm1965Fm1944.1Fm2051.4Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea
Permanent cropsArea710I 708I 709I 776I 774I
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea1832Fm1830Fm1828W 1804.5Fm1781W
Temporary cropsArea819.6W
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea31.7W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea540Fm540Fm541W 565Fm588W
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea3764Fm3821Fm3817Q 3811Q 3847Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea110.4W 75.1W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea101.1Fm90.8Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea454W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea214.2W 211.5W 165.9W
Arable landArea1258I 1278I 1537I 1532I 1611I
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2032Fm2052Fm2310Fm2304Fm2379Fm
Country areaArea9209Q 9209Q 9212Q 9212Q 9212Q
Fallow landArea373I 374W 528Q 528Q 539Q
Forest areaArea3440.8Fm3437Q 3433.6Fm3430.2Fm3426.8Fm
Inland waterArea62Fm62Fm62Fm62Fm62Fm
Land areaArea9147Fm9147Fm9150Q 9150Q 9150Q
Other landArea1942.2Fm1889Fm1899.4Fm1908.8Fm1876.2Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea515W
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea1254Fm
Permanent cropsArea774I 774I 773Q 772Q 768Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea1732I 1769W 1507Q 1507Q 1468Q
Temporary cropsArea888W
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea
Total area equipped for irrigationArea602Fm617W 645Fm675I 705Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data