Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Poland

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Poland
  • General data
  • Region: Eastern Europe
  • Area (km2): 313,000
  • Climates: Subtropical, Temperate
  • Capital: Warsaw
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 38,120,560
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$9,850
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$375,308,713,984
  • GDP: US$422,089,719,808
  • Agriculture, value added: US$15,945,530,368
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, few occurrencesBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentKaminska & Sliwa, 2008; Zwolinska et al., 2016; Krawczyk et al., 2016
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1936OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, formerly presentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentIntroducedYesSlawiak et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBorecki & Lyskanowska, 1968; Sobiczewski & Suski, 1988; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, formerly presentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeKawecka & Sanecki, 2003; Mrozinska et al., 2006; Noga, 2003; Rakowska, 2001
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedWlasow et al., 2004; Seligo, 1895
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentOrlikowski et al., 2002; EPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedOszako & Orlikowski, 2005
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentZarzycka & Sujkowski, 2000
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Present, few occurrencesOrlikowski & Szkuta, 2002; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, formerly presentKucmierz, 1976; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentKowalski & Kehr, 1992
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentGolebrink, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentIntroducedGremmen & de Kam, 1977; Przybyl, 1980; Przybyl, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedYesBenben, 1969
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesZakrzewska, 1986; Hruszka, 1991; Mikolajska et al., 1991; Kaiser et al., 1997; UK CAB International, 1993; Filipowicz, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Restricted distributionUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentYesKowalski, 2006; Kowalski & Holdenrieder, 2009b; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentYesLisowicz, 2000; Czaplinska, 1981
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentSpaulding, 1961
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentJacobs & Wingfield, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionKowalski & Jankowiak, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Boron et al., 2016
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier & Kirk, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeLuszczynski, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentTylus et al., 1981; Nowacka et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumWidespreadNativeLakomy & Werner, 2003
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumWidespreadNativeLakomy & Werner, 2003
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentMajewski, 1979
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionRalski & Muszynska, 1968
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionZamorski, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, intercepted onlyIMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Przetakiewicz, 2015; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)WidespreadIntroducedYesGruszka, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentSkoracka & Magowski, 2002; Jezewska, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Baraniak, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedYesWiniarska, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentNapiorkowska-Kowalik, 1973; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)WidespreadIntroducedYesJazdewski & Grabowski, 2011; Olszewska, 1999; Olszewska, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentRakauskas et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, few occurrencesde Barro, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedKrzeminska et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesSkuhravý, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)LocalisedIntroducedYesZmudzinski, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)WidespreadCmoluch, 1980; Colonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedGrabowski et al., 2007; Jazdzewski et al., 2005; Jazdzewski & Konopacka, 1996; Konopacka, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNapiorkowska-Kowalik & Gawowska, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Present only under cover/indoors<L>abanowski & Soika, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentDziedzicka, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentWatson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentMiszczak, 1974; Sadej, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentBaran, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEdwards, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Absent, formerly presentKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedYesGrabowski et al., 2007; Jazdzewski et al., 2005; Konopacka, 2004; Bacela et al., 2008; Gruszka & Wozniczka, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)WidespreadNativeHardy, 1939; Gornas, 1968; Liston, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present<L>abanowska & Piotrowski, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentNativeBartkowski, 1998; Kloft et al., 1964; Heie, 1992; Szelegiewiez, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentSieminska et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedYesZhao & et al. , 1998; NHM, 2004; ISSG, 2004; Ojaveer et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentJaskiewicz & Sawinska, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentChmielewski, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentPrzewoz´ny et al., 2007; Labanowski & Soika, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, few occurrencesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentSeczkowska, 1974; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedYesJanas & Wysocki, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentKorczynski, 1988; Skrzecz, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeBurakowski et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeBurakowski et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO/CABI &, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeBurakowski et al., 1992; Grodzki, 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeBurakowski et al., 1992; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadGodzinska, 1989; Pruszynski et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; P<l>óciennik et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCox, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniLocalisedIntroducedMichels, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionDankowska et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadGiese & Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesLipa & Glowacka , 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadLucht, 1987; Burdajewicz & Nowacka, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense, 1995; Plewa et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentYesDominik, 1986; Althoff & Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentKlimaszewski et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)WidespreadNativeKolk & Sierpinski, 1999; Sitowski, 1925; Gornas, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedNentwig et al., 2016; Rozwalka et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, few occurrencesBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentJakubowska, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentCagan et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadBaranowski & Dankowska, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedYesGrabowski, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)WidespreadStrojny, 1958; Schnaiderova, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesBuszko et al., 2000; Buszko & Nowacki, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentNarkiewicz-Jodko, 1996; Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentJaskiewicz & Sawinska, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentWojtan et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeCAB European, 1998; Lucht, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeYesKarpinski, 1931; Kolk, 1992; Burakowski et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentKowalczyk & Szczepko, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentLabanowski, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesGrabowski et al., 2006; Surowiec & Dobrzycka-Krahel, 2008; Dobrzycka-Krahel & Rzemykowska, 2010; Gruszka, 1999; Jazdzewski & Konopacka, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedIntroducedDemel, 1953; Normant et al., 2004; Turoboyski, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentKlejdysz & Nawrot, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentStrojny, 1953; Schnaiderowa, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentChlodny, 1982; Dominik, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeCapecki, 1972; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeZielinski, 1998; Danilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentBlaik et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek & Theowald, 1992; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadBorkowski, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentBaranowski & Gorski, 1991; Domagala et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeYesLabanowski & Soika, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Sanford et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeArcher, 1998; Skibinska, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)WidespreadNativeDominik & Kinelski, 1985; Lagowska & Winiarska, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedBright Skidmore, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentMokrzycki et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBrachiopodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)WidespreadNativeKetelaars & Gille, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentIntroducedNeely et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentFAO (Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997; Nowak et al., 2010; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004; NOBANIS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedSolarz, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)LocalisedIntroducedBanks et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedYesSemenchenko et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)LocalisedIntroducedWawrzyniak et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedFAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)WidespreadNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Czerniejewski & Wawrzyniak, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedOttens & Ryall, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlstrom, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWitkowski, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)WidespreadNativeWinkler et al., 2000; Blanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Holcík, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)LocalisedIntroducedYesDanilkiewicz, 1998; Kostrzewa & Grabowski, 2002; Grabowska et al., 2008; Kostrzewa et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)LocalisedIntroducedYesSkóra & Stolarski, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)WidespreadIntroducedYesJedrzejewska & Jedrzejewski, 1998; Nowak & Pielowski, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004; NOBANIS, 2011; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)WidespreadIntroducedInstitute & of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNOBANIS, 2011; Grabowska et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedWeller, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)LocalisedIntroducedYesNowak et al., 2008; Antychowicz, 1994; Kakareko, 1999; Kostrzewa et al., 2004; Terlecki & Palka, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, few occurrencesNativeVladykov, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)WidespreadNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)LocalisedIntroducedYesBartoszewicz et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesFAO, 1997; Witkowski, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Blanc et al., 1971; Winkler et al., 2000; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Jansson, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, few occurrencesNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGrabowska et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesArndt, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentKocylowski, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)WidespreadIntroducedYesKoz<l>owski, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisLocalisedIntroducedYesLabêcka et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)LocalisedIntroducedHelix Consulting, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)WidespreadIntroducedYesOlenin, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadIntroducedSlosarski, 1877; Wiktor & Jurkowska, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)WidespreadIntroducedYesLewin & Smolinski, 2006; Brzezinski & Kolodziejczyk, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesRolbiecki, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentSzczygiel, 1967; Szczygiel, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; Cha<l>anska et al., 2014; Szczygiel & Hasiur, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionRadziwinowicz, 1972; Kornobis & Wolny, 1997; Brzeski, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWolny, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWolny, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Przetakiewicz, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)WidespreadBrzeski et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentBerbec, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentGlaser & Skowronski, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedPanczyk & Zelazny, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMedrzycki & Pabjanek, 2001; Zajac et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)Present, few occurrencesNativeNowak & Nowak, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeBoratynski, 1980; Tomialojc et al., 1984; Czuraj, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Korniak & Szubstarski, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)LocalisedNativeZajac & Zajac, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesLove, 1976; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976; Karnkowski, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedKarnkowski, 2001; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009; NOBANIS, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Hiepko, 1988; Kwiatoska, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentIntroducedSzkudlarz & Celka, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011; Jehlík, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadWarcholinska, 1986; Rola, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedSoika & labanowski, 1998; Labanowski, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)WidespreadNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKorniak & Dynowski, 2011; Kubicka et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeKrzakowa, 1997; Kosina & Frey, 1996; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedTokarska-Guzik, 2003; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)WidespreadIntroducedYesNOBANIS, 2009; INS-PAS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeHoffmann-Kakol, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesOchsmann, 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadTomaszewicz & Klosowski, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Kubat et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Brenan & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Skrzyczynska, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1964; Czekalski, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedYesDickoré & Kasperek, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeSkalinska et al., 1959
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Restricted distributionMilczak et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Restricted distributionNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedMarciniak & Sikorski, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeLipecki & Szwedo, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holdynski, 1991; Wozniak & Holdynski, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedKubus, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedDandy, 1980; NOBANIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Rola & Rola, 1994; Badowski & Rola, 1997; Korsmo, 1954; EPPO, 2014; Rola, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentDuer, 1986; Holm et al., 1991; Hochol, 1990; Sawicka & Skalski, 1996; Wesolowski, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesStypinski, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaWidespreadYesBailey & Wisskirchen, 2006; Fojcik & Tokarska-Guzik, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)WidespreadChoroszewski, 1994; Zajac & Zajac, 2001; Klikocka & Wesolowski, 2002; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesKabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeWalters, 1959
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentIntroducedYesJahodová et al., 2007a; Kabuce, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionCook & Lüönd, 1982; Klosowski & Tomaszewicz, 1997; Preston & Croft, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)WidespreadIntroducedYesLhotska & Kopecky, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)WidespreadIntroducedYesZajac & Zajac, 2001; Hulten & Fries, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentBall & Akeroyd, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedBanaszek & Musial, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentWolek, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadYesLipa, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Braun, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedYesNOBANIS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015; Flora Europaea, 1968; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter, 1978; Hutorowicz et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMajtkowski & Majtkowsk, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeSzafer, 1966; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)LocalisedIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInstitute & Polish, 2012; Valentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeSzelag, 1997; Grynia et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1979; Czyz et al., 1999; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)WidespreadNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeKozlowski et al., 1997; Grzegorczyk & Alberski, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentTrzaskos, 1996; Holm et al., 1979; Holeksa & Holeksa, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeSamecka-Cymerman & Kempers, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedYesVanhellemont, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Czekalski, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentUK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Weidema, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedBoratyn'ska, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedErnst &, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Kocián, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeChater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeChater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)WidespreadIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionKorsmo, 1930; Hultén, 1950; Hanf, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeRostanski, 1978; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedFalkowski et al., 1990; Malawska & Wilkomirski, 2001a; Malawska & Wilkomirski, 2001b; Capecka & Gaweda, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Clapham, 1972; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedYesGabka, 2002; Hutorowicz & Hutorowicz, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeFrey & Paszko, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeSzczesniak, 2013; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFudali et al., 2009; Lisowski & Urbanski, 1989
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentSulgostowska & Czaplinska, 1987
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 1951OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentLandowska-Plazewska & Plazewski, 1968
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentHoppe et al., 1983
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1960OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1954OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1971OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Absent, unreliable recordBalukiewicz & Kryczynski, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentTrzmiel & Jezewska, 2008
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentHasiów-Jaroszewska et al., 2010
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)WidespreadIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2016
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1921OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentTrzmiel, 2009
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1972OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2005; Jezewska & Wieczorek, 1998

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesRolbiecki, 2008
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Wieliczko et al., 1999; Capua et al., 1999
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009; Wieliczko et al., 2000
avipoxPresentLandowska-Plazewska & Plazewski, 1968
babesiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bacterial kidney diseasePresentKozinska et al., 2001
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedPanczyk & Zelazny, 1974
bovine anaplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresentOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Boryczko & Królak, 1987
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentKita & Anusz, 1991; Truszczynski, 1989
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedWlasow et al., 2004; OIE, 2009; Seligo, 1895
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1971OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidNo information availableOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Antychowicz et al., 2001
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 1997
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisPresentOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Ramisz, 1970
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentSulgostowska & Czaplinska, 1987
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009; Mól, 1999; Lis, 1999
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpPresentOIE, 2009; Fijan, 1999; Antychowicz & Kozinska, 2000
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1972OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaPresentOIE, 2009; Moniuszko et al., 2011
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Ramza, 1995; Minta et al., 1995
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Sanford et al., 2007
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
visna/maediPresentOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hubalek & Halouzka, 1999
whirling diseasePresentKocylowski, 1953
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity
ApplesArea Harvested183526170443173607171963175595
ApplesProduction Quantity24930801877910262627028306601039970
ApplesYield135843Fc110178Fc151277Fc164609Fc59225.5Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested16921667182116701638
ApricotsProduction Quantity40243376524441011076
ApricotsYield23782.5Fc20252Fc28797.4Fc24556.9Fc6568.99Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested163Im146Im187Im179Im196Im
AsparagusProduction Quantity2200F 1829Im2100F 1908Im2094Im
AsparagusYield134969Fc125274Fc112299Fc106592Fc106837Fc
BarleyArea Harvested10180001118800115700012065601232370
BarleyProduction Quantity33259003533000398390036194604008100
BarleySeed222000F 222000238000242000235000
BarleyYield32670.9Fc31578.5Fc34433Fc29998.2Fc32523.5Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested1754117833142671510420061
Beans, dryProduction Quantity3489633436285002984138845
Beans, drySeed2455.74Fc2455.74Fc2496.62Fc1997.38Fc2114.56Fc
Beans, dryYield19894Fc18749.5Fc19976.2Fc19757Fc19363.4Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested108Im97Im125Im120Im132Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity2848Im2492Im2861Im2658Im2917Im
Beans, greenYield263704Fc256907Fc228880Fc221500Fc220985Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested941813447602065227053
Berries NesProduction Quantity5057857034393024692738851
Berries NesYield53703.6Fc42413.9Fc65285.7Fc71951.9Fc55084.4Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested24042167236622561954
BlueberriesProduction Quantity859591951102378575226
BlueberriesYield35752.9Fc42431.9Fc46589.2Fc34827.1Fc26745.1Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested7576888525698306451472680
BuckwheatProduction Quantity9298597220812266872684236
BuckwheatSeed5500F 5500F 5500F 5500F 5500F
BuckwheatYield12272.3Fc10982.2Fc11632Fc10652.9Fc11590Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested2880824130343313330037299
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity12887401047000133735012564701389200
Cabbages and other brassicasYield447355Fc433900Fc389546Fc377318Fc372450Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested2352219570295472821331412
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity887374764585913304817024938230
Carrots and turnipsYield377253Fc390692Fc309102Fc289591Fc298685Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1494813482156171466115128
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity297649272991291131274904282425
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield199123Fc202486Fc186419Fc187507Fc186690Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested7676880A 7864570A 8503510A 8598810A 8352850A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity25775300A 26652600A 29571100A 27664300A 27142800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1714080A 1714080A 1735470A 1777800A 1795040A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield33575.2Fc33889.4Fc34775.2Fc32172.3Fc32495.3Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested505316333258519452936
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity1081229560661738216728
Cereals, nesSeed909.54Fc909.54Fc2939.94Fc465.3Fc350.1Fc
Cereals, nesYield21397.2Fc18098.3Fc25597.7Fc19645.2Fc22915.5Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested7676880A 7864570A 8503510A 8598810A 8352850A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity25775300A 26652600A 29571100A 27664300A 27142800A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1714080A 1714080A 1735470A 1777800A 1795040A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield33575.2Fc33889.4Fc34775.2Fc32172.3Fc32495.3Fc
CherriesArea Harvested115551203110625990310289
CherriesProduction Quantity3798440134505054081820186
CherriesYield32872.3Fc33358.8Fc47534.1Fc41217.8Fc19619Fc
ChestnutsProduction Quantity451Im393Im509Im500F 260F
Chicory rootsArea Harvested13971407176313201300F
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity3500236998383473040234633
Chicory rootsYield250551Fc262957Fc217510Fc230318Fc266408Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested5418180A 5458470A 6157310A 6320860A 6240870A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity16436100A 17164800A 19781500A 18389400A 18825600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed1109080A 1109080A 1125470A 1192800A 1210040A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield30335Fc31446.2Fc32126.9Fc29093.2Fc30164.9Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1746114942201441996021036
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity510892442212480553501571511357
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield292590Fc295952Fc238559Fc251288Fc243087Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested3988445224430944332145816
CurrantsProduction Quantity169634196658196453196587138568
CurrantsYield42531.8Fc43485.3Fc45587.1Fc45379.2Fc30244.5Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested918A 616A 1967A 2498A 2111A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity299A 247A 472A 758A 552A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield3257.08Fc4009.74Fc2399.59Fc3034.43Fc2614.87Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested848546189724282041
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity249197422708502
Flax fibre and towYield2936.32Fc3608.06Fc2224.57Fc2915.98Fc2459.58Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested407369A 385855A 395745A 394789A 403807A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3461940A 2780670A 3685280A 3880860A 1731070A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield84983Fc72065Fc93122.5Fc98302.1Fc42868.8Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested5970Im5655Im5800F 57126190
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity49800Im40000F 46000F 4480937011
Fruit Fresh NesYield83417.1Fc70733.9Fc79310.3Fc78447.1Fc59791.6Fc
GooseberriesArea Harvested30963159282429023122
GooseberriesProduction Quantity1459014189157871615613736
GooseberriesYield47125.3Fc44916.1Fc55903Fc55671.9Fc43997.4Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested34893575266331313100
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity31032649305534343470
Hazelnuts, with shellYield8893.67Fc7409.79Fc11472Fc10967.7Fc11193.5Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested70F 70F 70F 70F 70F
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity50F 50F 50F 50F 50F
Hemp Tow WasteYield7142.86Fc7142.86Fc7142.86Fc7142.86Fc7142.86Fc
HempseedArea Harvested54Im63Im53Im50Im52Im
HempseedProduction Quantity27Im32Im36Im23Im20Im
HempseedSeed5Fc5Fc5Fc5Fc5Fc
HempseedYield5000Fc5079.37Fc6792.45Fc4600Fc3846.15Fc
HopsArea Harvested16431709219523162292
HopsProduction Quantity25802193392434913392
HopsYield15703Fc12832.1Fc17877Fc15073.4Fc14799.3Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested62816659680563856967
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity122269131175120120106522117847
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield194665Fc196989Fc176517Fc166832Fc169150Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested13541441156812771432
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity107831141711973918410528
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield79638.1Fc79229.7Fc76358.4Fc71918.6Fc73519.6Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested14881501123111801395
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity3220429108148061440120541
Lettuce and chicoryYield216425Fc193924Fc120276Fc122042Fc147247Fc
LinseedArea Harvested21623441162413411759
LinseedProduction Quantity26113379208215642039
LinseedSeed86.48Fc86.48Fc137.64Fc64.96Fc53.64Fc
LinseedYield12076.8Fc9819.82Fc12820.2Fc11662.9Fc11591.8Fc
LupinsArea Harvested5250875689356783067041904
LupinsProduction Quantity78562126200569543968656480
LupinsSeed7351.12Fc7351.12Fc10596.5Fc4994.92Fc4293.8Fc
LupinsYield14961.9Fc16673.5Fc15963.3Fc12939.7Fc13478.4Fc
MaizeArea Harvested291572Im298700274100317193261975
MaizeProduction Quantity1659710Im1716200170660018444401722300
MaizeSeed9000F 900090002400026000
MaizeYield56922.8Fc57455.6Fc62261.9Fc58148.8Fc65742.9Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested19851907183216061490
Maize, greenProduction Quantity2588924138209531757718184
Maize, greenYield130423Fc126576Fc114372Fc109446Fc122040Fc
MilletArea Harvested1205411874746560376755
MilletProduction Quantity160721892312142949011692
MilletSeed301.35Fc301.35Fc296.85Fc186.63Fc150.93Fc
MilletYield13333.3Fc15936.5Fc16265.2Fc15719.7Fc17308.7Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested1114800992113126033014440101505160
Mixed grainProduction Quantity31129703007950362876036728904257400
Mixed grainSeed178368Fc178368Fc158738Fc201653Fc231042Fc
Mixed grainYield27924Fc30318.6Fc28792.1Fc25435.3Fc28285.4Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity198235Im173448Im199148Im185000F 180000F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity78Im67Im66Im62Im60Im
OatsArea Harvested546200539000525300550617582556
OatsProduction Quantity13816001334400141540012623901462350
OatsSeed160000F 160000F 160000F 160000F 160000F
OatsYield25294.8Fc24757Fc26944.6Fc22926.8Fc25102.3Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested850752A 985969A 833858A 800143A 832137A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1132400A 1363470A 1516100A 1279980A 1294900A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed49866.7A 49866.7A 56858.8A 48642.4A 46301.2A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield13310.6Fc13828.7Fc18181.8Fc15996.9Fc15561.1Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested850752A 985969A 833858A 800143A 832137A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity716072A 860880A 958546A 809305A 818785A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed31577.1A 31577.1A 36003A 30802.8A 29320.6A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield8416.92Fc8731.3Fc11495.3Fc10114.5Fc9839.55Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested15404331431980525000F 30000F
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity18268363272427622000F 21000F
Oilseeds, NesYield11859.3Fc10960.7Fc12257.5Fc8800Fc7000Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested2662923705314193018734415
Onions, dryProduction Quantity676956577983707792618233752468
Onions, dryYield254218Fc243823Fc225275Fc204801Fc218645Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested34613378335431763310
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity8695931712536120963614
Peaches and nectarinesYield25122.8Fc27581.4Fc37376.3Fc38085.6Fc10918.4Fc
PearsArea Harvested116708377131521302813036
PearsProduction Quantity6278446542830327281330746
PearsYield53799.5Fc55559.3Fc63132.6Fc55889.6Fc23585.5Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested1428716749106691068413454
Peas, dryProduction Quantity3689338081249002337332440
Peas, drySeed2571.66Fc2571.66Fc3014.82Fc1920.42Fc1923.12Fc
Peas, dryYield25822.8Fc22736.3Fc23338.6Fc21876.6Fc24111.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested57745557679462636845
Peas, greenProduction Quantity3040237022370763234536734
Peas, greenYield52653.3Fc66622.3Fc54571.7Fc51644.6Fc53665.4Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested2024417880210442112922187
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity917728379812071811357853467
Plums and sloesYield45332.9Fc46866.9Fc57364.6Fc53754.6Fc24098.3Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested400500490853507952548884549400
PotatoesProduction Quantity8196700876596097028001046210011791100
PotatoesSeed1016000F 1016000135500012200001360000
PotatoesYield204662Fc178586Fc191018Fc190607Fc214618Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested69699540075624855000F 58000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity180785148709156784135000F 140000F
Pulses, nesSeed2787.96Fc2787.96Fc2160.28Fc2249.92Fc2200Fc
Pulses, nesYield25938Fc27535.1Fc27873.7Fc24545.5Fc24137.9Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested156817A 169661A 119884A 113217A 135978A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity335145A 355661A 272263A 230840A 270708A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed15277.8A 15277.8A 18483.5A 11283.5A 10601.8A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield21371.7Fc20963Fc22710.5Fc20389.2Fc19908.2Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested17671716188315471528
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity6068759560530693959640250
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield343447Fc347086Fc281832Fc255953Fc263416Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested830149946147809970771069796751
RapeseedProduction Quantity18618102228680249683021058402129870
RapeseedSeed83014.9Fc83014.9Fc94614.7Fc80997Fc77106.9Fc
RapeseedYield22427.4Fc23555.3Fc30826.2Fc27310.7Fc26731.9Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested2706329556202231997120604
RaspberriesProduction Quantity11799592864817788155256391
RaspberriesYield43600.1Fc31419.7Fc40438.1Fc40835.2Fc27369Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested400500A 490853A 507952A 548884A 549400A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8196700A 8765960A 9702800A 10462100A 11791100A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed1016000A 1016000A 1355000A 1220000A 1360000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield204662Fc178586Fc191018Fc190607Fc214618Fc
RyeArea Harvested10854701063220139570013965201316200
RyeProduction Quantity26006802851710371290034485503125690
RyeSeed268000F 268000272000270000262000
RyeYield23959Fc26821.5Fc26602.4Fc24693.9Fc23747.8Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested3398233019354643617637634
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity175049147238189220201681107651
Sour cherriesYield51512.3Fc44591.9Fc53355.5Fc55749.9Fc28604.7Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested20818112767332
SoybeansProduction Quantity331249209102525
SoybeansYield15913.5Fc13756.9Fc16456.7Fc15223.9Fc15813.3Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested2882Im2730Im2800F 2900F 3070Im
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity11205Im9000F 8500F 10500F 10000F
Stone fruit, nesYield38879.3Fc32967Fc30357.1Fc36206.9Fc32573.3Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested5052237122535515416052309
StrawberriesProduction Quantity166159153410198907200723174578
StrawberriesYield32888.4Fc41325.9Fc37143.5Fc37061.1Fc33374.4Fc
String beansArea Harvested72636490786474947329
String beansProduction Quantity6858069624700986385165101
String beansYield94423.8Fc107279Fc89137.8Fc85202.8Fc88826.6Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested203512206407199936187484247432
Sugar beetProduction Quantity11674200997260010849200871512012681600
Sugar beetYield573637Fc483152Fc542634Fc464846Fc512529Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested27752994227926163243
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity51794507412846695662
Sunflower seedYield18663.1Fc15053.4Fc18113.2Fc17847.9Fc17459.1Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1589515724169001739517570
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity3442834782392934115339482
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield21659.6Fc22120.3Fc23250.3Fc23658Fc22471.3Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1344110493152781464015909
TomatoesProduction Quantity712295558064709223702546689719
TomatoesYield529942Fc531844Fc464212Fc479881Fc433540Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested30040A 32634A 22769A 22714A 22588A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity14088A 12284A 15871A 15573A 10162A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield4689.75Fc3764.17Fc6970.44Fc6856.12Fc4498.85Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested12692601329900146500013334601260240
TriticaleProduction Quantity42353304575810523400044596104147060
TriticaleSeed265000F 265000279000289000290000
TriticaleYield33368.5Fc34407.2Fc35727Fc33443.9Fc32906.9Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3332933573375043631440259
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity850287853023833221748563836933
Vegetables fresh nesYield255119Fc254080Fc222169Fc206136Fc207887Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested184321A 165409A 212129A 203326A 222772A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5778290A 5055670A 5804780A 5392350A 5894530A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield313491Fc305647Fc273644Fc265207Fc264599Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested184321A 165409A 212129A 203326A 222772A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5778290A 5055670A 5804780A 5392350A 5894530A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield313491Fc305647Fc273644Fc265207Fc264599Fc
VetchesArea Harvested27825383302217592559
VetchesProduction Quantity40099235512529402943
VetchesSeed111.28Fc111.28Fc215.32Fc120.88Fc70.36Fc
VetchesYield14410.5Fc17155.9Fc16959Fc16714Fc11500.6Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested2655129059201061958319488
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity10456917512241115776372
Walnuts, with shellYield3938.08Fc3157.37Fc6088.23Fc5911.76Fc3269.7Fc
WheatArea Harvested22587002406100234620022779502111980
WheatProduction Quantity93392009487800978959092749208317270
WheatSeed605000F 605000610000585000585000
WheatYield41347.7Fc39432.3Fc41725.3Fc40716.1Fc39381.4Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity
ApplesArea Harvested161989169650175206159278168456
ApplesProduction Quantity23048902074950252151024277502167520
ApplesYield142287Fc122308Fc143917Fc152422Fc128670Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested15011469172016551805Im
ApricotsProduction Quantity24483158488947945200F
ApricotsYield16309.1Fc21497.6Fc28424.4Fc28966.8Fc28808.9Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested208Im200F 261Im250F 140Im
AsparagusProduction Quantity1919Im2000F 2745Im2500F 2000F
AsparagusYield92259.6Fc100000Fc105172Fc100000Fc142857Fc
BarleyArea Harvested12206001113140101390010161501050710
BarleyProduction Quantity31610403581160357079028314903369850
BarleySeed232000230000F 248000F 226000F 227000
BarleyYield25897.4Fc32171.7Fc35218.4Fc27864.9Fc32072.1Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested2136915900204241807723921
Beans, dryProduction Quantity2769928743379713362346380
Beans, drySeed2808.54Fc2991.66Fc2226Fc2859.36Fc2530.78Fc
Beans, dryYield12962.2Fc18077.4Fc18591.4Fc18599.9Fc19388.8Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested140Im135Im127Im122Im107Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity2673Im2786Im2853Im2598Im2395Im
Beans, greenYield190929Fc206370Fc224646Fc212951Fc223832Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested53875500F 323Im300F 200F
Berries NesProduction Quantity4088040000F 1500F 2000F 986Im
Berries NesYield75886.4Fc72727.3Fc46439.6Fc66666.7Fc49300Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested14401500F 3968Im3687Im3800F
BlueberriesProduction Quantity49405000F 16500F 23000* 20900*
BlueberriesYield34305.6Fc33333.3Fc41582.7Fc62381.3Fc55000Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested8043267531478493382636000
BuckwheatProduction Quantity5416172096616973765740042
BuckwheatSeed8500F 5500F 5600F 4000F 2800F
BuckwheatYield6733.76Fc10676Fc12894.1Fc11132.6Fc11122.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested3811138844360743531827039
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity12490701381640143240012892001188480
Cabbages and other brassicasYield327745Fc355689Fc397073Fc365026Fc439543Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested3251633218303843027727767
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity833218929014927949834621692073
Carrots and turnipsYield256249Fc279672Fc305407Fc275662Fc249243Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested143951405912752124649722
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity250421238841239549215214176372
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield173964Fc169885Fc187852Fc172668Fc181415Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested8381130A 8328910A 8377270A 8163260A 8293400A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity21775900A 26927900A 29635200A 23390800A 26877300A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1829020A 1832860A 1853770A 1830050A 1809740A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield25982.1Fc32330.7Fc35375.7Fc28653.7Fc32408Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested1708130612651746
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity2880297129083212
Cereals, nesSeed528.48Fc250F 235.08Fc227.7Fc314.28Fc
Cereals, nesYield16861.8Fc22748.8Fc22988.1Fc18396.3Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8381130A 8328910A 8377270A 8163260A 8293400A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity21775900A 26927900A 29635200A 23390800A 26877300A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1829020A 1832860A 1853770A 1830050A 1809740A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield25982.1Fc32330.7Fc35375.7Fc28653.7Fc32408Fc
CherriesArea Harvested96749548108791104011867
CherriesProduction Quantity3836437508484424412240756
CherriesYield39656.8Fc39283.6Fc44528Fc39965.6Fc34344Fc
ChestnutsProduction Quantity54Im64Im52Im66Im51Im
Chicory rootsArea Harvested
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity3453330000F 29854Im31492Im24775Im
Chicory rootsYield
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested6205400A 6110820A 6066530A 5855210A 5879220A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity14716300A 18156500A 19742700A 15532600A 17573300A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed1259020A 1242860A 1265770A 1218050A 1197740A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield23715.3Fc29712Fc32543.6Fc26527.8Fc29890.5Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested2221621889211922154118200
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity491909468467463829488458260000
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield221421Fc214019Fc218870Fc226757Fc142857Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested4302047107389143890642320
CurrantsProduction Quantity194539186809194498192475157434
CurrantsYield45220.6Fc39656.3Fc49981.5Fc49471.8Fc37200.8Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2656A 6042A 3526A 2997A 5170A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity613A 2020A 1489A 1087A 10150A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield2307.98Fc3343.26Fc4222.92Fc3626.96Fc19632.5Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested25865972345629275100
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity56319701439103710100
Flax fibre and towYield2177.11Fc3298.73Fc4163.77Fc3542.88Fc19803.9Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested379815A 388256A 389016A 360711A 372035A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3252410A 2953910A 3505100A 3291390A 3009590A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield85631.4Fc76081.5Fc90101.6Fc91247.3Fc80895.4Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested47584000F 2152Im2000F 4000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity3953635000F 6500F 7500* 8700*
Fruit Fresh NesYield83093.7Fc87500Fc30204.5Fc37500Fc21750Fc
GooseberriesArea Harvested29803131363636133640
GooseberriesProduction Quantity1622316719198962034521738
GooseberriesYield54439.6Fc53398.3Fc54719.5Fc56310.6Fc59719.8Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested2241263816511637
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity2637306122782320
Hazelnuts, with shellYield11767.1Fc11603.5Fc13797.7Fc14172.3Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested70F 70F 70F 70F 70F
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity50F 50F 50F 50F 50F
Hemp Tow WasteYield7142.86Fc7142.86Fc7142.86Fc7142.86Fc7142.86Fc
HempseedArea Harvested41Im36Im35Im28Im26Im
HempseedProduction Quantity23Im20F 12Im11Im13Im
HempseedSeed5Fc5Fc5Fc5Fc5Fc
HempseedYield5609.76Fc5555.56Fc3428.57Fc3928.57Fc5000Fc
HopsArea Harvested22342291223921722198
HopsProduction Quantity28893414289830572405
HopsYield12932Fc14901.8Fc12943.3Fc14074.6Fc10941.8Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested72387048622158005000F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity1118401145411106649406494000F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield154518Fc162516Fc177888Fc162179Fc188000Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested14891481148112481100F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity9486122161221691498500F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield63707.2Fc82484.8Fc82484.8Fc73309.3Fc77272.7Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested145614571026929800F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity1694719913151251154211000F
Lettuce and chicoryYield116394Fc136671Fc147417Fc124241Fc137500Fc
LinseedArea Harvested13911016774740621
LinseedProduction Quantity13481685870733641
LinseedSeed70.36Fc55.64Fc40.64Fc30.96Fc29.6Fc
LinseedYield9690.87Fc16584.7Fc11240.3Fc9905.41Fc10322.1Fc
LupinsArea Harvested25423289031162189074464
LupinsProduction Quantity279854091319027112186477
LupinsSeed5866.56Fc3559.22Fc4046.42Fc1626.94Fc1246.98Fc
LupinsYield11007.8Fc14155.3Fc16373Fc12594.6Fc14509.4Fc
MaizeArea Harvested302977339342411704356337318694
MaizeProduction Quantity12606601945400234403018836801961980
MaizeSeed50000F 40000F 42000F 51000F 50000
MaizeYield41609.1Fc57328.6Fc56934.8Fc52862.3Fc61563.1Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested1393129712561046900F
Maize, greenProduction Quantity1477015910128741097610300F
Maize, greenYield106030Fc122668Fc102500Fc104933Fc114444Fc
MilletArea Harvested4611395834131682
MilletProduction Quantity5185706669353199
MilletSeed168.88Fc115.28Fc98.95Fc85.33Fc42.05Fc
MilletYield11244.9Fc17852.5Fc20319.4Fc19019Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested15437201436450146083014536701364750
Mixed grainProduction Quantity33790303916350432186036076403836100
Mixed grainSeed240826Fc246995Fc229832Fc233733Fc232588Fc
Mixed grainYield21888.9Fc27264.1Fc29585Fc24817.5Fc28108.4Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity153497Im160000F 150000F 130196Im120000F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity55F 43Im50F 150F 49Im
OatsArea Harvested539074539211519734526897605175
OatsProduction Quantity10347201324130143047011818901486560
OatsSeed200000F 160000F 160000F 155000F 157000F
OatsYield19194.4Fc24556.8Fc27523.1Fc22431.1Fc24564.1Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested659619A 581843A 567430A 448249A 455333A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1007830A 886328A 992704A 486075A 580454A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed47852.6A 37469.5A 33040.8A 32316.1A 25598.1A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield15278.9Fc15233.1Fc17494.8Fc10843.9Fc12747.9Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested659619A 581843A 567430A 448249A 455333A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity636946A 560428A 627704A 306674A 366468A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed30302.4A 23727.1A 20923A 20464.5A 16209.8A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield9656.27Fc9631.95Fc11062.2Fc6841.6Fc8048.34Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested29431Im25961Im25318Im20000F 15700
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity22098Im19412Im16600Im15000F 14000
Oilseeds, NesYield7508.41Fc7477.37Fc6556.6Fc7500Fc8917.2Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested3494234664365483246327698
Onions, dryProduction Quantity590195714070865735678262584917
Onions, dryYield168907Fc205998Fc236876Fc208934Fc211177Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested3210329137033763500F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity5520959014339124622600F
Peaches and nectarinesYield17196.3Fc29140.1Fc38722.7Fc33117.2Fc52000Fc
PearsArea Harvested1250312566144621453014372
PearsProduction Quantity5929759311872927717892056
PearsYield47426.2Fc47199.6Fc60359.6Fc53116.3Fc64052.3Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested1520315031129241327817581
Peas, dryProduction Quantity2893333897328342670840225
Peas, drySeed2421.72Fc2736.54Fc2705.58Fc2326.32Fc2390.04Fc
Peas, dryYield19031.1Fc22551.4Fc25405.5Fc20114.5Fc22879.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested68077086609458405000F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity3392538022337222825228000F
Peas, greenYield49838.4Fc53657.9Fc55336.4Fc48376.7Fc56000Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested2112020822253702497926894
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity9363891387132613109563102892
Plums and sloesYield44336.2Fc43889.6Fc52271.6Fc43862Fc38258.3Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested597230588184713250765771803384
PotatoesProduction Quantity898198010369300139987001373150015523900
PotatoesSeed13950001480000149300017750001915000
PotatoesYield150394Fc176293Fc196266Fc179316Fc193231Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested60000F 46300* 52700* 67450* 52750*
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity150000F 126000* 154300* 166000F 134600*
Pulses, nesSeed2320Fc2400Fc1852Fc2108Fc2698Fc
Pulses, nesYield25000Fc27213.8Fc29278.9Fc24610.8Fc25516.6Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested122894A 108808A 98352A 108320A 100016A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity235597A 233401A 245215A 238330A 229012A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed13519.2A 11723.4A 10937A 8947.94A 8890.12A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield19170.8Fc21450.7Fc24932.4Fc22002.4Fc22897.5Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested18301672125311921100F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity3988936247263622269821000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield217973Fc216788Fc210391Fc190419Fc190909Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested623853550200538222426270438986
RapeseedProduction Quantity165153014497601632920792971952737
RapeseedSeed79675.1Fc62385.3Fc55020Fc53822.2Fc42627Fc
RapeseedYield26473.1Fc26349.7Fc30339.2Fc18602.5Fc21703.1Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested1702517200* 14200* 1325313417
RaspberriesProduction Quantity5253960000* 56800* 4294144874
RaspberriesYield30859.9Fc34883.7Fc40000Fc32401Fc33445.6Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested597230A 588184A 713250A 765771A 803384A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8981980A 10369300A 13998700A 13731500A 15523900A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed1395000A 1480000A 1493000A 1775000A 1915000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield150394Fc176293Fc196266Fc179316Fc193231Fc
RyeArea Harvested13180001415340154964014793001560000
RyeProduction Quantity26216303404310428072031722403831000
RyeSeed257000280000F 300000F 300000F 296000
RyeYield19891Fc24053Fc27624Fc21444.2Fc24557.7Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested3660834433390953777639002
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity194928139851201734191127173154
Sour cherriesYield53247.4Fc40615.4Fc51601Fc50594.8Fc44396.2Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested294296268447
SoybeansProduction Quantity336334429260
SoybeansYield11428.6Fc11283.8Fc16007.5Fc5816.55Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested3000F 2900F 3000F 2000F 3800F
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity11000F 10000F 13000F 4800* 17700*
Stone fruit, nesYield36666.7Fc34482.8Fc43333.3Fc24000Fc46578.9Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested5560055139523884393137962
StrawberriesProduction Quantity193666184627185583131332153083
StrawberriesYield34832Fc33483.9Fc35424.7Fc29895.1Fc40325.3Fc
String beansArea Harvested72887272601060815000F
String beansProduction Quantity5212264893518525343049000F
String beansYield71517.6Fc89236.8Fc86276.2Fc87863.8Fc98000Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested262046286175297257286300303000
Sugar beetProduction Quantity1147480011912400127304001173950013433900
Sugar beetYield437893Fc416263Fc428262Fc410042Fc443363Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested460943342813764
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity5359741844631315
Sunflower seedYield11627.3Fc17115.8Fc15865.6Fc17212Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1681914875172551029910296
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity4051233483290652200020728
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield24087Fc22509.6Fc16844.4Fc21361.3Fc20132.1Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested159731557114515138218749
TomatoesProduction Quantity651567600664582232606351221414
TomatoesYield407918Fc385758Fc401124Fc438717Fc253073Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8586A 4966A 4644A 5248A 2500A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9179A 9004A 10568A 11015A 6100A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield10690.7Fc18131.3Fc22756.2Fc20989Fc24400Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested119428011945401058190985600943895
TriticaleProduction Quantity31969603903000372327028116003047740
TriticaleSeed270000280000F 280000F 248000F 232000
TriticaleYield26768.9Fc32673.7Fc35185.3Fc28526.8Fc32289Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested5004641100* 37800* 35600* 39600*
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity886448819000* 810000* 743300* 1351900*
Vegetables fresh nesYield177127Fc199270Fc214286Fc208792Fc341389Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested236048A 226993A 212994A 203992A 177922A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5389900A 5618220A 5740110A 5220810A 4821350A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield228339Fc247506Fc269496Fc255932Fc270981Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested236048A 226993A 212994A 203992A 177922A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5389900A 5618220A 5740110A 5220810A 4821350A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield228339Fc247506Fc269496Fc255932Fc270981Fc
VetchesArea Harvested89926746836081300*
VetchesProduction Quantity980384810837811330*
VetchesSeed102.36Fc35.96Fc106.96Fc27.32Fc24.32Fc
VetchesYield10901Fc14390.4Fc15856.5Fc12845.4Fc10230.8Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested63452328299336112500F
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity64335836818884796000F
Walnuts, with shellYield10138.7Fc25068.7Fc27357.2Fc23481Fc24000Fc
WheatArea Harvested21757302218090231074023080502414180
WheatProduction Quantity70596708771430989248078581609304000
WheatSeed570000590000F 588000F 612000F 612000
WheatYield32447.4Fc39545Fc42810.9Fc34046.8Fc38539Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea14779Q 14604Q 16119Q 16154Q 16177W
Agricultural area certified organicArea308W 222Q 179Q 138Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea211W 145Q 136Q 150Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea72Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea519W 367Q 315Q 288Q
Arable landArea11098Q 10922Q 12539Q 12571Q 12502W
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea11488Q 11320Q 12939Q 12970Q 12906W
Country areaArea31268Q 31268Q 31268Q 31268Q 31268Q
Fallow landArea468Q 450Q 528Q 492Q 413Q
Forest areaArea9364.4Fm9337Q 9309.6Fm9282.2Fm9254.8Fm
Inland waterArea853Q 848Q 848Fm846Fm843Fm
Land areaArea30415Q 30420Q 30420Q 30422Q 30425Q
Other landArea6271.6Q 6479Q 4991.4Fm4985.8Fm4993.2Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea3291Q 3284Q 3180Q 3184Q 3271Q
Permanent cropsArea390Q 398Q 400Q 399Q 404Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea3291Q 3284Q 3180Q 3184Q 3271W
Temporary cropsArea10630Q 10472Q 12011Q 12079Q 12089Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea116Fm116Fm116Fm116Fm115.7I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea15957W 15906Q 16327Q 16169Q 16899Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea75Q 39Q 38Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea153Q 128Q 45Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea71Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea228Q 166Q 83Q
Arable landArea12368Q 12141Q 12610Q 12587Q 13010Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea12741Q 12519Q 12962Q 12901Q 13337Q
Country areaArea31268W 31269Q 31269Q 31269Q 31269Q
Fallow landArea984W 1029Q 1399Q 1762Q 2302Q
Forest areaArea9227.4Fm9200Q 9171.8Fm9143.6Fm9115.4Fm
Inland waterArea841Fm636Fm839Fm645Fm640Fm
Land areaArea30427Q 30633Q 30430Q 30624Q 30629Q
Other landArea5242.6Fm5527Fm4931.2Fm5311.4Fm4614.6Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea3216Q 3387Q 3365Q 3268Q 3562Q
Permanent cropsArea373Q 378Q 352Q 314Q 327Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea3216W 3387Q 3365Q 3268Q 3562Q
Temporary cropsArea11384Q 11112Q 11211Q 10825Q 10708Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea120Fm124.2I 111Fm98I 94Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data